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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211485/association-of-female-reproductive-factors-with-hypertension-diabetes-and-lqtc-in-chinese-women
#1
Bayi Xu, Yequn Chen, Jianping Xiong, Nan Lu, Xuerui Tan
The association of female reproductive factors (FRFs) with cardiovascular risk factors among different population was variable and inconsistent. The objective of this study was to examine the association between FRFs and hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and long heart-rate-corrected QT interval (LQTc) in Chinese post-menopausal women (Post-MW). A total of 8046 Post-MW from the China Chaoshan Biobank Cohort Study were included for analysis. Logistic regression and general linear regression models were used to estimate the association between FRFs and hypertension, DM, and LQTc...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#2
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208170/optical-coherence-tomographic-angiography-in-type-2-diabetes-and-diabetic-retinopathy
#3
Daniel Shu Wei Ting, Gavin Siew Wei Tan, Rupesh Agrawal, Yasuo Yanagi, Nicole Ming Sie, Chee Wai Wong, Ian Yew San Yeo, Shu Yen Lee, Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung, Tien Yin Wong
Importance: Optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCT-A) is able to visualize retinal microvasculature without the need for injection of fluorescein contrast dye. Nevertheless, it is only able to capture a limited view of macula and does not show leakage. Objectives: To evaluate the retinal microvasculature using OCT-A in patients with type 2 diabetes as well as the association of OCT-A characteristics with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and systemic risk factors...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197938/clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-bathing-with-chinese-medicine-taohong-siwu-decoction-for-treatment-of-diffuse-cutaneous-systemic-sclerosis-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Jing Zhou, Dong Yang, Shu-Hong Zhou, Jin-Ping Wang, Yue-Shu Liu, Shu-Lan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy and safety of bathing therapy with Taohong Siwu Decoction (, TSD) in the treatment of early-stage, mild-moderate diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc). METHODS: This randomized, placebo-controlled trial enrolled 148 men and women (18-60 years) with dcSSc (disease duration ≤12 months) and baseline modified Rodnan skin score (MRSS) ≥10. Patients were randomized into a TSD group (71 cases bathing with TSD plus oral prednisone) or control group (71 cases bathing with placebo plus oral prednisone)...
February 15, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196797/left-atrial-structure-in-relationship-to-age-sex-ethnicity-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-mesa-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#5
Filip Zemrak, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Gabriella Captur, Jonathan Chrispin, Ela Chamera, Mohammadali Habibi, Saman Nazarian, Saidi A Mohiddin, James C Moon, Steffen E Petersen, João A C Lima, David A Bluemke
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) size is a marker of diastolic function and is associated with atrial fibrillation and cardiovascular outcomes. However, there are no large population studies measuring LA structure. The relationship of demographics and cardiovascular risk factors to LA size is largely unknown. This study aimed to determine associations of LA size with demographic factors, cardiac structure and function, and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: LA volume indexed to body surface area was measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance steady-state free precession and fast gradient echo cine long- and short-axis images in 2576 asymptomatic participants of MESA ([Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis] 68...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196218/association-of-baseline-anterior-segment-parameters-with-the-development-of-incident-gonioscopic-angle-closure
#6
Monisha E Nongpiur, Inas F Aboobakar, Mani Baskaran, Arun Narayanaswamy, Lisandro M Sakata, Renyi Wu, Eray Atalay, David S Friedman, Tin Aung
Importance: Baseline anterior segment imaging parameters associated with incident gonioscopic angle closure, to our knowledge, are unknown. Objective: To identify baseline quantitative anterior segment optical coherence tomography parameters associated with the development of incident gonioscopic angle closure after 4 years among participants with gonioscopically open angles at baseline. Design, Setting, and Participants: Three hundred forty-two participants aged 50 years or older were recruited to participate in this prospective, community-based observational study...
February 9, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193283/circulatory-microrna-23a-and-microrna-23b-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-the-effects-of-body-mass-index-and-sex-hormones-in-an-eastern-han-chinese-population
#7
Weixi Xiong, Ying Lin, Lili Xu, Amin Tamadon, Shien Zou, Fubo Tian, Ruijin Shao, Xin Li, Yi Feng
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate the expression of genes involved in various cellular functions related to metabolism, inflammation, and reproduction. This study evaluated the effects of sex hormones and obesity on the expression of circulating miR-23a and miR-23b in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and healthy women. METHODS: Serum sex hormones concentrations and body mass index (BMI) were measured in 18 women with PCOS and in 30 healthy women from the East China area and these measurements were correlated with serum miR-23a/b levels...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193187/effect-modification-of-social-context-changes-on-mental-disability-in-china-from-1987-to-2006-a-multi-level-study-of-1-9-million-people
#8
Zhenjie Wang, Lihua Pang, Ning Li, Chao Guo, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
BACKGROUND: Very little literature has explored how mental disability in China is connected with inequalities in social and environmental contexts. In the study described herein, we determine whether social-context inequalities were associated with mental disability in China from 1987 to 2006. METHODS: Data were derived from national representative population-based data from the 1987 and 2006 China National Sample Survey on Disability. Both surveys used multistage, stratified random cluster sampling, with a probability proportionate to size, to derive nationally representative samples...
February 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192734/provider-controlled-or-user-dependent-contraceptive-methods-levels-and-pattern-among-married-women-of-reproductive-age-in-china-1988-2006
#9
Xiaoying Zheng, Chao Guo, Lihua Pang, Qiang Ren, Zhenjie Wang, Lingfang Tan, Qiuyuan Chen, Moazzam Ali, Marleen Temmerman, Jitendra Khanna
OBJECTIVES: To explore levels and patterns in contraceptive use since the introduction of informed choice in reproductive health services in China since 1994, and to assess the implications of reproductive health service needs among married women of reproductive age in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from Chinese nationwide surveys of family planning and reproductive health undertaken in 1988, 1997, 2001, and 2006 were analyzed to assess levels and trends in patterns of contraceptive use among married women by age, residence, and number of children...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192525/a-prospective-study-of-breast-anthropomorphic-measurements-volume-and-ptosis-in-605-asian-patients-with-breast-cancer-or-benign-breast-disease
#10
Nai-Si Huang, Chen-Lian Quan, Miao Mo, Jia-Jian Chen, Ben-Long Yang, Xiao-Yan Huang, Jiong Wu
OBJECTIVES: The current study aims to summarize breast anthropomorphic measurement features in Chinese patients with breast diseases and to investigate their potential correlations with demographic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen breast anthropomorphic parameters of 605 Chinese female patients were collected prospectively. Breast ptosis status was scaled by two methods and breast volume was calculated according to a modified formula of BREAST-V. RESULTS: Among 1210 breasts, the average breast volume was 340...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191857/auricular-acupressure-helps-alleviate-xerostomia-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#11
Guowen Yang, Shaoqin Lin, Yuchi Wu, Shangpeng Zhang, Xiuqing Wu, Xusheng Liu, Chuan Zou, Qizhan Lin
BACKGROUND: Xerostomia is one of the most common complaints in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. This problem contributes to excess fluid intake and results in poor survival outcome. Based on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory and literature studies, the authors have been practicing auricular acupressure therapy (AAT) to help patients with xerostomia. This pilot study was conducted to demonstrate the potential of AAT for xerostomia in MHD patients. METHODS: Eligible subjects who agreed to participate in this study were recruited and provided with AAT for 4 weeks...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191606/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-shoulder-pain-and-disability-index-spadi-into-chinese
#12
Min Yao, Long Yang, Zuo-Yuan Cao, Shao-Dan Cheng, Shuang-Lin Tian, Yue-Li Sun, Jing Wang, Bao-Ping Xu, Xiao-Chun Hu, Yong-Jun Wang, Ying Zhang, Xue-Jun Cui
The aim of this study is to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) for the Chinese language, and to evaluate its psychometric properties. The SPADI was translated and cross-culturally adapted for the Chinese language according to established guidelines. Participants completed the SPADI questionnaire, a visual analogue scale (VAS), and the 36-item short form health survey (SF-36), and were assessed using the Constant-Murley shoulder outcome score. Exploratory factor analysis was used to examine the latent dimensions, and Cronbach's α to measure internal consistency...
February 12, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189080/gender-differences-in-general-mental-health-smoking-drinking-and-chronic-diseases-in-older-adults-in-jilin-province-china
#13
Shibin Wang, Gabor S Ungvari, Brent P Forester, Helen F K Chiu, Yanhua Wu, Changgui Kou, Yingli Fu, Yue Qi, Yawen Liu, Yuchun Tao, Yaqin Yu, Bo Li, Yu-Tao Xiang
There is little information on gender differences in general mental health, smoking, drinking and chronic diseases in Chinese elderly. We examined the gender differences in general mental health, smoking, drinking and a number of chronic diseases in a large Chinese old population. Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. A total of 4115 people (2198 women; 1917 men) aged between 60 and 79 years were included and their general mental health, smoking, drinking and chronic diseases were recorded with standardized assessment tools...
February 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188973/association-between-sarcopenia-and-nutritional-status-and-physical-activity-among-community-dwelling-chinese-adults-aged-60%C3%A2-years-and-older
#14
Shan Hai, Li Cao, Hui Wang, Jianghua Zhou, Ping Liu, Ying Yang, Qiukui Hao, Birong Dong
AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine the association between sarcopenia and nutritional status and physical activity among community-dwelling Chinese people aged 60 years and older. METHODS: This study was carried out on 836 community-dwelling Chinese individuals aged ≥60 years to evaluate sarcopenia using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria. Sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle habits were collected using a general questionnaire...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187211/red-blood-cell-count-has-an-independent-contribution-to-the-prediction-of-ultrasonography-diagnosed-fatty-liver-disease
#15
Hai-Lin Wang, Hui Zhang, Shang-Ling Wu, Gong-Cheng Liao, Ai-Ping Fang, Ming-Fan Zhu, Hui-Lian Zhu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Red blood cell (RBC) indices have been demonstrated to be associated with fatty liver disease (FLD) and metabolic syndrome. However, controversy exists regarding the relationship of RBC indices with FLD to date and few has focused on RBC count. This study aimed to explore the association between RBC count and risk of FLD in Southern Chinese adults. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was performed in two hospital health examination centers, including information on ultrasonography-diagnosed FLD, anthropometric indices and biochemical measurements...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186592/-association-study-between-834-7g-a-and-1332c-t-polymorphisms-in-the-growth-arrest-specific-6-gene-and-risk-of-severe-preeclampsia-in-chinese-population
#16
Liyan Ye, Linbo Guan, Ping Fan, Xinghui Liu, Rui Liu, Jinxin Chen, Yue Zhu, Xin Wei, Yu Liu, Huai Bai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between polymorphisms of the growth arrest specific 6 (GAS6) gene and severe preeclampsia in a South West Han Chinese population. METHODS: Blood samples from 167 patients with severe preeclampsia and 312 normal pregnant women as controls from Han Chinese in Chengdu area were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms. RESULTS: C and T allele frequencies for +1332C/T site were 85...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185404/consumption-of-dietary-supplements-by-chinese-women-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Li Tang, Andy H Lee, Kelvin K W Yau, Yer Van Hui, Colin W Binns
The objectives of this study were to investigate usage patterns and factors associated with maternal dietary supplementation by Chinese women. A prospective cohort study of 695 mothers, who gave birth to a singleton baby, was conducted in Jiangyou, Sichuan Province of China. Information on dietary supplement use was collected from participants by personal interview at hospital discharge and followed up by telephone at 1, 3, and 6 months postpartum. Logistic regression analysis and generalised linear-mixed modelling were performed to determine factors affecting dietary supplementation during pregnancy and the first 6 months postpartum, respectively...
February 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182668/cross-sectional-study-of-mode-of-delivery-and-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-mainland-china
#18
Lei Hou, Susan Hellerstein, Allison Vitonis, Liying Zou, Yan Ruan, Xin Wang, Weiyuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery (CD) rates have risen globally with nearly 50% of the non-indicated CDs worldwide in China and Brazil. In China's One Child Policy era (1979-2015) most deliveries were women having their only child. Family size is a major determinant of the safety of medically non-indicated CD or CD on maternal request. The goal of this study is to document CD rates, indications, and analyze the relative safety of non-indicated CD compared to SVD and intrapartum CD. METHODS: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of the association between mode of delivery and short-term maternal and perinatal outcomes were performed on a cross-section of all deliveries at 39 hospitals in 14 provinces of China in 2011, presented as adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 99% confidence intervals (CI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181687/acupuncture-for-acute-hordeolum
#19
REVIEW
Ke Cheng, Andrew Law, Menghu Guo, L Susan Wieland, Xueyong Shen, Lixing Lao
BACKGROUND: Hordeolum is an acute, purulent inflammation of the eyelid margin usually caused by obstructed orifices of the sebaceous glands of the eyelid. The condition, which affects sebaceous glands internally or externally, is common. When the meibomian gland in the tarsal plate is affected, internal hordeolum occurs, while when the glands of Zeis or Moll associated with eyelash follicles are affected, external hordeolum, or stye occurs. The onset of hordeolum is usually self limited, and may resolve in about a week with spontaneous drainage of the abscess...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179225/influence-of-temperate-subtropical-and-tropical-fruit-consumption-on-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-an-asian-population
#20
Derrick Johnston Alperet, Lesley M Butler, Woon-Puay Koh, Jian-Min Yuan, Rob M van Dam
Background: Findings on the relation between fruit consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been inconsistent.Objectives: We examined whether the consumption of total, temperate, subtropical, and tropical fruit is associated with T2DM risk and whether differences in the carbohydrate quality of fruit influence T2DM risk in Asians.Design: We included 45,411 participants in the Singapore Chinese Health Study who were 45-74 y old and had no diabetes, cancer, or cardiovascular disease at recruitment (1993-1998)...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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