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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678174/age-and-gender-specific-distribution-of-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-east-china-role-of-hypertriglyceridemia-in-the-spect-china-study
#1
Boren Jiang, Yanjun Zheng, Yingchao Chen, Yi Chen, Qin Li, Chunfang Zhu, Ningjian Wang, Bing Han, Hualing Zhai, Dongping Lin, Yingli Lu
BACKGROUND: Chinese population are experiencing remarkably changes of economic and cultural environments. The present study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) by age between genders and to investigate the current characteristics of MetS and its components in China. METHODS: SPECT-China is a population-based cross-sectional survey on Chinese adults aged ≥18 years in East China. A total of 10,441 Chinese residents participated in anthropometric and laboratory measurements...
April 20, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678138/an-anthropometric-study-of-distal-tibiofibular-syndesmosis-dts-in-a-chinese-population
#2
Mingyang Yu, Yao Zhang, Yun Su, Feng Wang, Dewei Zhao
BACKGROUND: To improve the diagnostic accuracy of distal tibiofibular syndesmoses (DTS), this study quantified the range in variations of the normal DTS in a Chinese population, based on CT scan images. METHODS: The study population comprised 92 patients with unilateral ankle injury. CT scans included the non-injured contralateral DTS. The position of the fibula relative to the fibular notch (incisure) of the tibia was quantified by inclusion or separation indices, based on whether the fibula was within or outside the fibular incisure, respectively...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678132/neck-circumference-may-be-a-valuable-tool-for-screening-individuals-with-obesity-findings-from-a-young-chinese-population-and-a-meta-analysis
#3
Xiaoting Pei, Li Liu, Mustapha Umar Imam, Ming Lu, Yanzi Chen, Panpan Sun, Yaxin Guo, Yiping Xu, Zhiguang Ping, Xiaoli Fu
BACKGROUND: Central obesity and overweight/obesity can result in various chronic non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes mellitus. Waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) are widely used to measure obesity despite their limitations. For example, WC and BMI cannot be measured in pregnant women and subjects with abdominal ascites or masses. Therefore, this study aims to determine the efficacy of neck circumference (NC) as a tool for screening central obesity and overweight/obesity...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676728/detection-of-candida-species-in-pregnant-chinese-women-with-a-molecular-beacon-method
#4
Yanhong Zhai, Jing Liu, Li Zhou, Tongzhen Ji, Lingxin Meng, Yang Gao, Ran Liu, Xiao Wang, Lin Li, Binghuai Lu, Zheng Cao
PURPOSE: Candida pathogens are commonly found in women and can cause vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), whose infection rate is further increased during pregnancy. We aimed to study the Candida prevalence and strain distribution in pregnant Chinese women with a molecular beacon assay. METHODOLOGY: From March 2016 to February 2017, a total of 993 pregnant women attending routine antenatal visits at the Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were enrolled. For Candida detection and identification, a unique molecular beacon assay was presented and compared with a traditional phenotypic method...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675423/differences-of-the-morphology-of-subaxial-cervical-spine-endplates-between-chinese-and-white-men-and-women
#5
Qi Yao, Peng Yin, Kamran Khan, Tsung-Yuan Tsai, Jing-Sheng Li, Yong Hai, Peifu Tang, Guoan Li
Objective. The aim of this comparative anatomical study was to specifically investigate endplate morphology differences between Chinese and White men and women. Materials and Methods. Three-dimensional cervical endplate models were constructed using computed tomography imaging of 41 healthy Chinese and 24 White subjects. The morphologic measurements of cervical endplate included linear parameters (EPWu: upper endplate width; EPDu: upper endplate depth; EPWl: lower endplate width; and EPDl: lower endplate depth) and area parameters with a digital measuring system...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673005/seroepidemiological-map-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-associated-risk-factors-in-preconception-period-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#6
Qiongjie Zhou, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Shikun Zhang, Xiaotian Li, Ganesh Acharya
AIM: The aims of this study were to investigate the regional differences in seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis in preconception period among Chinese women of reproductive age and to evaluate associated risk factors. METHODS: This national, population-based, cross-sectional serosurvey covered all 31 provinces and province-level municipalities in Mainland China. Married women intending to get pregnant within 6 months between 2010 and 2012 were recruited. Information on demographic characteristics (age, place of residence, occupation, dietary habits and exposure to cat) was obtained using interviews, and venous blood samples were collected to screen for Toxoplasma gondii infection...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671813/association-of-anthropometric-indices-of-obesity-with-hypertension-in-chinese-elderly-an-analysis-of-age-and-gender-differences
#7
Qian Wang, Lingzhong Xu, Jiajia Li, Long Sun, Wenzhe Qin, Gan Ding, Jing Zhu, Jiao Zhang, Zihang Yu, Su Xie
This study aims to explore the association of anthropometric indices of obesity with hypertension in Chinese elderly and its possible gender and age differences. A total of 7070 adults age 60 or older were interviewed in a cross-sectional study conducted in 2017. Anthropometric indices for each participant were measured by using standard methods of trained doctoral/master students. We performed two binary logistic regression models to examine the association of the nine different anthropometric indices and hypertension by gender...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671678/chronological-age-vs-biological-age-a-retrospective-analysis-on-age-specific-serum-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-for-3280-females-in-reproductive-center-clinic
#8
Jieru Zhu, Tao Li, Weijie Xing, Hui Lin, Jianping Ou
The aim of the present study was to determine the correlation between chronological age and biological age by characterizing age-specific serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) values for 3280 Chinese women. A retrospective analysis including 3280 females between 10 to 52 years old was conducted from January 2016 to December 2016 in the clinical laboratory of Center for Reproductive Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, China. All included women were divided into several groups by age...
April 19, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669532/pulmonary-lymphangioleimyomatosis-and-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a-menopausal-woman
#9
Hong Hong, Ruiheng Yang, Xiuzhen Li, Mengjun Wang, Zhongchao Ma
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary lymphangioleimyomatosis (PLAM) is a rare disease involving lung. PLAM primarily affects young women, a characteristic it shares with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Estrogen has long been assumed to play an important role both in PLAM and SLE. We report a menopausal woman, who was found to have PLAM 1 year after she was diagnosed with SLE. Her chest radiograph was normal in the early phase of SLE. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old Chinese woman was referred to our hospital in August 2014 because of swelling in both legs...
April 18, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668762/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-china-an-up-dated-cross-sectional-study
#10
Yu Lan, Zanlin Mai, Shiyu Zhou, Yang Liu, Shujue Li, Zhijian Zhao, Xiaolu Duan, Cao Cai, Tuo Deng, Wei Zhu, Wenqi Wu, Guohua Zeng
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is an increasing public health concern because of rapid lifestyle changes. Although there have been previous studies on the prevalence of MS in China, the prevalence may have changed with lifestyle changes over the last decade. To update this prevalence, we performed a cross-sectional survey among adults over 18 years old across China from May 2013 to July 2014. Participants underwent questionnaires and provided blood and urine samples for analysis. MS was defined according to the criteria of the China Diabetes Society...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668705/age-at-natural-menopause-and-associated-factors-in-adult-women-findings-from-the-china-kadoorie-biobank-study-in-zhejiang-rural-area
#11
Meng Wang, Wei-Wei Gong, Ru-Ying Hu, Hao Wang, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Jun Lv, Zheng-Ming Chen, Li-Ming Li, Min Yu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the factors associated with age at natural menopause in a large population of Chinese adult women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was part of the baseline survey of China Kadoorie Biobank in Zhejiang Province. A total of 17,076 postmenopausal women were included in the present study. Relevant data of socio-demographic, lifestyle, dietary and reproductive characteristics were collected. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to examine the associated factors of age at natural menopause with adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were reported...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668569/osteopontin-levels-in-human-milk-vary-across-countries-and-within-lactation-period-data-from-a-multicenter-study
#12
Signe Bruun, Lotte Neergaard Jacobsen, Xiaolei Ze, Steffen Husby, Hiroshi M Ueno, Keisuke Nojiri, Shunjiro Kobayashi, Jungil Kwon, Xihong Liu, Shuyuan Yan, Jiyeon Yang, Gitte Zachariassen, Liang Chen, Wei Zhou, Brian Christensen, Esben S Sørensen
OBJECTIVES: Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional protein expressed in many cell types, tissues and body fluids with the highest concentrations found in milk; significantly higher in human than in bovine milk. Intervention studies have indicated beneficial effects of supplementing infant formula with bovine OPN. In this multicenter study, we determined the OPN content in human milk samples from 629 Chinese, Danish, Japanese and Korean mothers. METHODS: At each study site, milk samples were collected and analyzed for OPN and protein concentration using ELISA and infrared spectroscopy, respectively...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665943/-interpretation-of-the-guidance-for-immune-thrombocytopenia-review
#13
Xiao-Yang Yang, Meng-Jie Wan, Fang-Ping Chen
Since the American Medical Association published the 2011 guidelines for immune thrombocytopenia, China has been the first to update the guidelines for immune thrombocytopenia based on evidence-based medicine. Recently, there have been many breakthroughs in clinical research published, especially the Chinese medical workers have made a prominent contribution to the treatment of the immune thrombocytopenia. However, the references of systematic drug introduction for children, adults, aged and pregnant women are still insufficient, and the first or second line treatment for some patients were ineffective...
April 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665813/neck-circumference-as-an-independent-indicator-of-visceral-obesity-in-a-chinese-population
#14
Li Zhao, Guolan Huang, Fangzhen Xia, Qin Li, Bing Han, Yi Chen, Chi Chen, Dongping Lin, Ningjian Wang, Yingli Lu
BACKGROUND: Neck circumference (NC) was reported to be associated with visceral obesity in some specific subjects. However, no studies have reported whether NC could identify visceral obesity in the general population. Here, we mainly aimed to explore whether NC is suitable to identify visceral obesity in the general population. METHODS: Our data were from a cross-sectional survey on the prevalence of metabolic diseases and risk factors in East China from 2014 to 2015...
April 17, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662768/lumbar-degenerative-spondylolisthesis-epidemiology-a-systematic-review-with-a-focus-on-gender-specific-and-age-specific-prevalence
#15
REVIEW
Yi Xiang J Wang, Zoltán Káplár, Min Deng, Jason C S Leung
The epidemiology of lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) remains controversial. We performed a systematic review with the aim of gaining a better understanding of the prevalence of DS in the general population. The results showed that the prevalence of DS is very gender- and age-specific. Few women and men develop DS before they are 50 years old. After 50 years of age, both women and men begin to develop DS, with women having a faster rate of development than men. For elderly Chinese (≥ 65 years, mean age: 72...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662307/thyroid-nodules-in-centenarians-prevalence-and-relationship-to-lifestyle-characteristics-and-dietary-habits
#16
Yao Yao, Xianghui Chen, Shengzheng Wu, Liang Guo, Hao Zhang, Qiao Zhu, Jie Tang, Fuxin Luan, Yali Zhao, Faqin Lv, Yao He
Background: Thyroid nodules (TNs) are common thyroid lesions in older population. Few studies have focused on the prevalence of TNs and their relationship to lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits in centenarians. The current study aimed at determining the prevalence of TNs in Chinese centenarians by using high-resolution ultrasound (US) equipment and at investigating its relationship to lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits. Participants and methods: The current study was part of the China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study that was conducted in Hainan, an iodine-sufficient region in People's Republic of China...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661196/the-women-s-heart-health-programme-a-pilot-trial-of-sex-specific-cardiovascular-management
#17
Ting Ting Low, Siew Pang Chan, Shin Hnin Wai, Zhou Ang, Kyu Kyu, Kim Yee Lee, Anne Ching, Sarah Comer, Naomi Qiu Pin Tan, Elizabeth Grace Hui En Thong, Tracy Nang, Mohan Dutta, Carolyn S P Lam
BACKGROUND: There is increasing knowledge of sex-specific differences in cardiovascular disease and recognition of sex disparities in management. In our study, we investigated whether a cardiovascular programme tailored to the specific needs of women could lead to improved outcomes. METHODS: We randomised 100 female patients to receive cardiology follow-up with the conventional sex-neutral cardiac programme (control), or the sex-tailored Women's Heart Health Programme (intervention)...
April 16, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661002/female-gynecologists-and-their-birth-control-clinics-eugenics-in-practice-in-1920s-1930s-china
#18
Mirela David
Yang Chao Buwei, the first Chinese translator of Margaret Sanger's What Every Girl Should Know, was the first female gynecologist to open up a birth control clinic in China. By the 1930s, other female gynecologists, like Guo Taihua, had internalized and combined national and eugenic concerns of race regeneration to focus on the control of women's reproduction. This symbiosis between racial regeneration and birth control is best seen in Yang Chongrui's integration of birth control into her national hygiene program...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660426/coffee-and-tea-drinking-in-relation-to-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-the-singapore-chinese-health-study
#19
Zhaoli Dai, Aizhen Jin, Avril Zixin Soh, Li-Wei Ang, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh
Meta-analyses of studies conducted among Western populations suggest that coffee consumption does not affect osteoporotic fracture risk. However, experimental studies have shown that the effect of caffeine on bone health may depend on dosage. We examined the associations between consumption of coffee, tea and caffeine and risk of hip fracture in an Asian cohort. In a population-based prospective cohort of 63,257 Chinese men and women aged 45-74 years in Singapore, a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to assess habitual consumption of coffee and tea at baseline...
April 13, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657257/the-gradual-shift-of-overweight-obesity-and-abdominal-obesity-towards-the-poor-in-a-multi-ethnic-developing-country-findings-from-the-malaysian-national-health-and-morbidity-surveys
#20
Jeevitha Mariapun, Chiu-Wan Ng, Noran N Hairi
BACKGROUND: Economic development is known to shift the distribution of obesity from the socioeconomically more advantaged to the less advantaged. We assessed the socioeconomic trends in overweight, obesity, and abdominal obesity across a period of significant economic growth. METHODS: We used the Malaysian National Health and Morbidity Survey data sets for the years 1996, 2006, and 2011 to analyze the trends among adults aged 30 years and above. The World Health Organization's Asian body mass index cut-off points of ≥23...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
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