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Chinese women

Yun Hu, Mengyuan Yang, Yang Zhou, Yiling Ding, Zhongyuan Xiang, Ling Yu
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference intervals (RIs) for procalcitonin (PCT) in healthy pregnant women of Chinese population. METHODS: Serum PCT levels were measured by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) in 1246 healthy Chinese women, including 124 cases in the first trimester, 128 cases in the second trimester, 125 cases in the third trimester, 125 cases of vaginal delivery, 124 cases at the 3rd day after vaginal delivery, 122 cases at the 10th day after vaginal delivery, 126 cases with Cesarean delivery, 126 cases at the 3rd day after Cesarean delivery, 124 cases at the 10th day after Cesarean delivery, and 122 cases involving non-pregnant women...
October 21, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
Hsueh-Kuan Lu, Li-Ming Chiang, Yu-Yawn Chen, Chih-Lin Chuang, Kuen-Tsann Chen, Gregory B Dwyer, Ying-Lin Hsu, Chun-Hao Chen, Kuen-Chang Hsieh
This study aimed to establish a hand-to-hand (HH) model for bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) fat free mass (FFM) estimation by comparing with a standing position hand-to-foot (HF) BIA model and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA); we also verified the reliability of the newly developed model. A total of 704 healthy Chinese individuals (403 men and 301 women) participated. FFM (FFMDXA) reference variables were measured using DXA and segmental BIA. Further, regression analysis, Bland-Altman plots, and cross-validation (2/3 participants as the modeling group, 1/3 as the validation group; three turns were repeated for validation grouping) were conducted to compare tests of agreement with FFMDXA reference variables...
October 21, 2016: Nutrients
Li-Wen Huang, I-Ju Chen, Chung-Hua Hsu
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM; zhōng yī) syndrome groups are based on the symptoms of human diseases and guide the use of Chinese herbs. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of TCM syndrome groups on biochemical characteristics and quality of life (QOL) in women with metabolic syndrome (MS). Among the 1080 registered female patients screened at our outpatient clinic, a total of 322 women aged between 18 and 65 years and meeting the requirements of MS were enrolled. All the patients were asked to fill out a questionnaire on metabolic TCM syndrome groups and a questionnaire on the QOL, the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Short Form-12 (SF-12)...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Yongle Li, Zijie Chen, Ning Yu, Keyu Yao, Yiwen Che, Yupeng Xi, Shuangqing Zhai
Background. Postpartum depression (PPD) does great harm to women following childbirth. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature to assess the efficacy and safety of CHM for the treatment of PPD. Methods. Published or ongoing registered trials were searched for from the inception of the various databases to December 31, 2015. Data extraction and methodology assessment were conducted independently by two researchers. RevMan 5.3 software was used to analyze the data. Results. Forty-seven registered clinical trials (RCTs) were identified and reviewed...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Chengfu Cai, Mingzhu Lin, Yanfang Xu, Xuejun Li, Shuyu Yang, Huijie Zhang
BACKGROUND: Neuregulin 4 (Nrg4) is a secreted adipokine recently identified as playing an important role in modulating systemic energy metabolism and the development of obesity-associated disorders. However, information is not available regarding the association between circulating Nrg4 and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in humans. METHODS: We measured serum Nrg4 in 1212 obese adult subjects (aged 40 years or older), with a waist circumference greater than 90 cm for men or 80 cm for women, recruited from the community...
October 24, 2016: BMC Medicine
Eric Y Tenkorang
OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects nearly over three million Canadians, including immigrants. The timing of the first onset of diabetes has been linked to several other severe diseases. Yet, there is a dearth of empirical studies that examine the timing of the first onset of diabetes among Canadians, in general, and among immigrants and ethnic minority populations within Canada, in particular. DESIGN: Applying event history techniques to the 2013 Canadian Community and Health Survey, we address this research void by examining factors that contribute to the first onset of diabetes among immigrant and visible minority populations in Canada (N = 8905)...
October 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Jiayang Wang, Wenyuan Yu, Dong Zhao, Nan Liu, Yang Yu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the independent risk factors for mortality, the correlation between female sex and mortality, and the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on prognosis in Chinese patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). SETTING: A retrospective, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 26,926 (76.6%) men and 8,247 (23.4%) women. INTERVENTIONS: Patients undergoing isolated CABG were included in this study...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Y Huo, Z C Jing, X F Zeng, J M Liu, Z X Yu, G C Zhang, Y Li, Y Wang, Q S Ji, P Zhu, B X Wu, Y Zheng, P P Wang, J Li
BACKGROUND: Although several new drugs have been approved in recent years, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains a rapidly progressive disease with a poor prognosis. Ambrisentan, a selective endothelin type A antagonist, has been approved for treatment of PAH. This open label study assessed the efficacy and safety of ambrisentan in Chinese subjects with PAH. METHODS: Eligible patients with PAH (World Health Organisation [WHO] functional class [FC] II orIII) were enrolled and received Ambrisentan (5 mg) once daily for a 12-week preliminary evaluation period, and a 12-week dose-adjustment period (dose titration to 10 mgallowed)...
October 22, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Shanna Cheng, Elton Li, Anna S Lok
Despite guidelines recommending hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening among the Asian population, not all Asians are screened. We assessed barriers to and factors predicting HBV screening in Michigan. Adults residing in Southeast Michigan self-identifying as Asian were surveyed at Asian grocery stores, restaurants, churches, and community events. 404 persons participated in the survey, 54 % were women, median age was 51 years, 63 % were Chinese, and 93.8 % were born outside the U.S. 181 (44.8 %) had not or could not recall having been screened for HBV...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Liya Lu, Chaoqiang Jiang, Danny F Mackay, Jill P Pell, Kar Keung Cheng, Tai Hing Lam, G Neil Thomas
OBJECTIVES: We studied the association between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in Chinese non-smokers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using baseline data from the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study: Cardiovascular Disease Sub-cohort Study (GBCS-CVD). Guangzhou residents aged ≥ 50 years were recruited between 2003 and 2008. Baseline data included measurement of ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) and self-reported smoking status and SHS exposure...
October 20, 2016: Vascular
Yang Li, Zhen-Zhen Hu, Yong-Xing Du, Bing Chen, Jin-Huang Wang, Xian-Yue Quan, Da-Lie Liu
BACKGROUND: The creation of a superior palpebral crease has been the most popular plastic surgery procedure in Asians for several decades. The most important criterion for judging the success of this procedure is the achievement of the desired size and shape of this crease or the perfect crease width. However, the determinants of crease width remain unclear, which may account for the high rate of unsatisfactory results. METHODS: Standard images were used to study the anatomic parameters, including crease width, crease height, and upper eyelid movement distance (ULMD) at the midpupillary axis, of the inherent double eyelid crease in 32 Chinese women aged 19-26 years...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Ying Zhang, Jin Sun, Yun-Jiao Zhang, Qian-Yun Chai, Kang Zhang, Hong-Li Ma, Xiao-Ke Wu, Jian-Ping Liu
BACKGROUND: Although Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been widely used in clinical settings, a major challenge that remains in TCM is to evaluate its efficacy scientifically. This randomized controlled trial aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of berberine in the treatment of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. In order to improve the transparency and research quality of this clinical trial, we prepared this statistical analysis plan (SAP). METHODS: The trial design, primary and secondary outcomes, and safety outcomes were declared to reduce selection biases in data analysis and result reporting...
October 21, 2016: Trials
Ying Wang, Shaoyan Si, Junli Liu, Zongye Wang, Haiying Jia, Kai Feng, Lili Sun, Shu Jun Song
AIMS: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with some disorders including cardiovascular diseases. Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, data about the relationships between vitamin D and lipids are inconsistent. The relationship of vitamin D and Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP), as an excellent predictor of level of small and dense LDL, has not been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of vitamin D status on serum lipids in Chinese adults...
2016: PloS One
Xiangyan Ruan, Yamei Cui, Juan Du, Fengyu Jin, Alfred Otto Mueck
INTRODUCTION: The climacteric symptoms during peri- and postmenopause have not been extensively studied in China. To further understanding of the characteristics of Chinese women during their menopausal transition, the aim of the study was to compare the prevalence and severity of climacteric symptoms of peri- and postmenopausal Chinese women. METHODS: The retrospective descriptive study was carried out in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women from 20 provinces of China who visited Beijing Obstetrics & Gynecology hospital during 2008-2015...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Denggui Wen, Yutong He, Lizhen Wei, Nan Zhang, Shumei Li, Xiaoduo Wen, Yi Yang, Guiying Wang, Shijie Wang, Cuizhi Geng, Yunjiang Liu, Baoen Shan
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is diagnosed more frequently among urban than rural women in China; however, the incidence among women in Shijiazhuang is unknown. METHODS: As registered Chinese citizens are entitled to complete public medical insurance coverage, the incidence rate was estimated using reimbursement records of first hospitalization. RESULTS: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in Shijiazhuang. The crude rate and age-standardized incidence rates by China (ASRC) and world (ASRW) standards were 59...
September 2016: Thoracic Cancer
Alexander N Shikov, Olga N Pozharitskaya, Valery G Makarov
PURPOSE: Aralia elata var. mandshurica (Rupr. & Maxim.) J.Wen syn. A. mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim is evaluated for its medicinal application. The aim of this study is to analyze pharmacological studies on A. elata var. mandshurica published until December 2015. METHODS: The information regarding the chemistry, safety, effectiveness, and pharmacological and clinical effects of A. elata was systematically collected from the scientific literature through library catalogs; online services such as E-library...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
H Wu, M K Cao, L P Yang, B F Jiang
Objective: To evaluate the risk factors of full-term infants with low birth weight. Methods: All related Chinese and English literatures published from 1980 to February 25, 2016 were collected from CBM, CNKI, Wang Fang Data, Medline and Embase databases, and screened with inclusion and exclusion criteria and Stata13.0 software was used in this Meta-analysis. Results: Twenty three studies were included and there were 278 020 subjects. Female infants (pooled OR=1.60, 95%CI: 1.49-1.72), less antenatal care visits (pooled OR=1...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Y Wang, H Y He
Objective: To evaluate the epidemiology, clinicopathological features and prognosis in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) patients. Methods: All archival 368 UTUC cases that underwent radical nephroureterectomy between September 1999 and October 2014 were reviewed, and their clinicopathological features were analyzed. Follow-up time was 1-216 months, with a mean follow-up of 41 month. Results: One hundred and twenty-eight male and 240 female patients were included, with a mean age of 68 years ranging from 31 to 88 years...
October 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Meilin Zhang, Li Zheng, Ping Li, Yufeng Zhu, Hong Chang, Xuan Wang, Weiqiao Liu, Yuwen Zhang, Guowei Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our aim was to evaluate whether visceral adiposity index (VAI) could predict the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in different genders and to compare the predictive ability between VAI and other fatness indices. METHODS: Four thousand seventy-eight participants including 1,817 men and 2,261 women, aged 18 and older and free of T2D at baseline were enrolled in 2010 and followed up for 4 years. New cases of T2D were identified via the annual medical examination...
October 20, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Fang Meng, Pei-Bei Duan, Junya Zhu, Qing-Qing Lou, Zhao-Hui Fang, Hong-Li An, Lan-Ying Liu, Yue Hu, Qian Hu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Gua sha therapy on perimenopausal symptoms, quality of life, and serum female hormones in participants with perimenopausal syndrome. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial was conducted at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine in China. Eighty women with perimenopausal syndrome were recruited and randomized into an intervention group or a control group...
October 10, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
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