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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225208/dietary-calcium-and-serum-25ohd-protect-chinese-women-from-type-2-diabetes
#1
Lijun Feng, Zhefang Hu, Qingqing Wang
The Chinese dietary structure is different from Western and Mediterranean diets. This study aimed to assess the association of dietary calcium, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), and other macronutrients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Chinese patients. This case-control study enrolled 605 patients (males, 337; females, 268) with T2D and 724 healthy subjects (males, 405; females, 319) at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital from February to April 2014. Dietary calcium, total energy, fat to energy ratio, glucose administration, 2-h postprandial blood glucose, serum total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, and serum 25OHD level were assessed...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222897/platelet-related-cytokines-among-normal-body-mass-index-overweight-and-obese-malaysians
#2
Nasrin Riyahi, Eusni Rahayu Mohd Tohit, Subashini C Thambiah, Zuriati Ibrahim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have reported that obesity is associated with platelet activation and systemic inflammation. Malaysia has the highest prevalence of obesity, hence, this research is performed to evaluate the development of low-grade inflammation and platelet activation, measured using soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) and soluble P-selectin (sP-sel), and to determine their association with obesity. In addition, we assessed the mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet count (PLT), which are novel parameters consistently associated with obesity...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222886/salivary-cariogenic-bacteria-counts-are-associated-with-obesity-in-student-women-at-a-malaysian-university
#3
Wey-Zheng Yeo, Sheng-Pei Lim, Yee-How Say
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The counts of cariogenic bacteria lactobacilli and mutans streptococci have been studied and correlated with sugar intake. This study was to investigate the association between salivary lactobacilli and mutans streptococci counts with sweet food eating behavior and sweet sensitivity among 120 Malaysian women (101 ethnic Chinese, 19 ethnic Indians), while taking into account anthropometric and menstruation variables. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Demographics, anthropometric measurements and menstrual history were taken...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222883/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-predicts-mortality-in-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-receiving-home-care
#4
Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Yan Zhou, Ping Liu, Bi-Rong Dong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of malnutrition in old people is related to the risk of illness and death. A number of screening tools to detect malnutrition have been used in the elderly to assess nutritional status and predict prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status and predict mortality in very old home-care people by using a cross-sectional study of Chinese older people aged 90-105 years...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221211/the-prevalence-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-reproductive-aged-women-of-different-ethnicity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Tao Ding, Paul J Hardiman, Irene Petersen, Fang-Fang Wang, Fan Qu, Gianluca Baio
The prevalence of PCOS was investigated in many studies in different continents. However, there is no established prevalence of PCOS for distinct ethnic groups. In the current analysis, we conducted searches in PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL up to Jan. 2017 to identify studies reporting prevalence of PCOS in the general female population. Forty-two studies were identified, with 13 eligible for evidence synthesis. The prevalence among different ethnicity was estimated using random effect modelling...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219671/idiopathic-retroperitoneal-fibrosis-a-cross-sectional-study-of-142-chinese-patients
#6
S Liao, Y Wang, K Li, J Zhu, J Zhang, F Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological, clinicolaboratory, imaging, and therapeutic characteristics of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (iRPF) in China. METHOD: All patients presenting to the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from October 1996 to July 2016 diagnosed with iRPF were included. Data were collected from medical records and the smoking index was calculated. Scheel radiological classification was used to assess the extent of soft-tissue density...
December 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218679/possibility-of-women-treated-with-fertility-sparing-surgery-for-non-epithelial-ovarian-tumors-to-safely-and-successfully-become-pregnant-a-chinese-retrospective-cohort-study-among-148-cases
#7
Bin Yang, Yan Yu, Jing Chen, Yan Zhang, Ye Yin, Nan Yu, Ge Chen, Shifei Zhu, Haiyan Huang, Yongqun Yuan, Jihui Ai, Xinyu Wang, Kezhen Li
This study was performed to evaluate the oncological and reproductive outcomes of childbearing-age women treated with fertility-sparing surgery (FSS) for non-epithelial ovarian tumors in China. One hundred and forty eight non-epithelial ovarian tumor women treated with FSS between January 1, 2000 and August 31, 2015 from two medical centers in China were identified. Progression-free survival (PFS) was 88.5%, whereas overall survival (OS) was 93.9%. Univariate analysis suggested that delivery after treatment is related to PFS (P = 0...
December 7, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217723/-at-risk-individuals-responses-to-direct-to-consumer-advertising-of-prescription-drugs-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#8
Neda Khalil Zadeh, Kirsten Robertson, James A Green
OBJECTIVES: The factors determining individuals' self-reported behavioural responses to direct to consumer advertising of prescription drugs were explored with an emphasis on 'at-risk' individuals' responses. DESIGN: Nationally representative cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Community living adults in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 2057 adults (51% women). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported behavioural responses to drug advertising (asking a physician for a prescription, asking a physician for more information about an illness, searching the internet for more information regarding an illness and asking a pharmacist for more information about a drug)...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216957/handgrip-strength-as-a-predictor-of-nutritional-status-in-chinese-elderly-inpatients-at-hospital-admission
#9
Xin Sheng Zhang, Ying Hua Liu, Yong Zhang, Qing Xu, Xiao Ming Yu, Xue Yan Yang, Zhao Liu, Hui Zi Li, Feng Li, Chang Yong Xue
OBJECTIVE: To assess nutritional status and define gender- and age-specific handgrip strength (HGS) cut-point values for malnutrition or nutritional risk in elderly inpatients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1,343 elderly inpatients was conducted in the Chinese PLA General Hospital. Nutrition Risk Screening (NRS 2002) and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) were administered. Anthropometric measurements and blood biochemical indicators were obtained using standard techniques...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216920/body-mass-index-had-different-effects-on-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-risks-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-with-3-318-796-subjects-from-31-cohort-studies
#10
Yanzi Chen, Li Liu, Quan Zhou, Mustapha Umar Imam, Jialin Cai, Yaxuan Wang, Minjie Qi, Panpan Sun, Zhiguang Ping, Xiaoli Fu
BACKGROUND: There is sufficient evidence supporting a relationship between increased body mass index (BMI) and an increased risk for breast cancer among postmenopausal women. However, most studies have found a decreased risk for premenopausal breast cancer. This study was conducted to find out the different effects of BMI on the risk of breast cancer among premenopausal and postmenopausal women, and explore the potential factors that influence the associations. METHODS: A dose-response meta-analysis with 3,318,796 participants from 31 articles was conducted...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216774/chinese-fetal-biometry-reference-equations-and-comparison-with-charts-from-other-populations
#11
Yixiu Zhang, Hua Meng, Yuxin Jiang, Zhonghui Xu, Yunshu Ouyang, Shengli Li, Qian Chen, Qingqing Wu, Rui Li, Tong Ru, Aailu Cai, Xinlin Chen, Taizhu Yang, Ping Chen, Hongning Xie, Hong Lu, Qing Dai, Fen Dong, Meng Yang, Xiao Yang, Jia Lu, Jiawei Tian, Kun Sun, Hui Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to construct new reference charts and equations for fetal biometry from Chinese fetuses at 15-40 weeks and to compare them with previous references. METHOD: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study of singleton pregnancies in patients with a confirmed gestational age who underwent ultrasound examinations between the 15th and 40th weeks of gestation. Each woman was selected only once for this study. Biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC), and femur length (FL) were recorded...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215133/a-five-year-retrospective-study-on-syphilis-in-the-sexual-transmitted-disease-centre-stdc-of-the-teaching-hospital-umberto-i-in-rome
#12
S Pala, C Conti, P Goldoni, D Silvaggio, M Nicolai, E Schiariti, G B Orsi
OBJECTIVES: A retrospective study describing syphilis epidemiological and clinical features in patients referring to an infectious diseases centre in Rome, Italy. METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2015 demographic, behavioral and clinical data were collected from all adult patients attending the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Centre of the Teaching Hospital Umberto I in Rome. RESULTS: Overall 723 patients, 495 males and 228 females, with syphilis infection diagnosis were included...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212464/sexual-dysfunction-and-mode-of-delivery-in-chinese-primiparous-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Dazhi Fan, Song Li, Wen Wang, Guo Tian, Li Liu, Song Wu, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Up to now, there is controversy over the effect of delivery mode cesarean delivery and spontaneous vaginal delivery on sexual function. Therefore, we did a systematic review and meta-analysis in postpartum women to explore the mode of delivery, cesarean delivery, and spontaneous vaginal delivery and differences in postpartum sexual function (short- and long-term) in Chinese primiparous women. METHODS: Comprehensive electronic searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Elsevier Science Direct, Cochrane Library, the Chinese Biological Medical Literature database and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database were conducted to identify any study in each database published to August 31, 2017...
December 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209834/breast-cancer-survivors-return-to-work-and-wage-loss-in-selected-hospitals-in-malaysia
#14
T T Su, M Azzani, F L Tan, S Y Loh
PURPOSE: This study aimed, firstly, to assess the determinants of return to work (RTW), secondly, to explore the amount of annual wage loss, and finally, to discover the determinants of wage loss among breast cancer (BC) survivors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used in this research. The data was collected via interview using a validated questionnaire. Logistic regression models were developed to discover the significant determinants of RTW and of wage loss among BC survivors...
December 5, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209116/gastric-xanthelasma-and-metabolic-disorders-a-large-retrospective-study-among-chinese-population
#15
Yi Chen, Xin-Jue He, Min-Jian Zhou, You-Ming Li
AIM: To gain knowledge of xanthelasma, a large population-based study was conducted. METHODS: Patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China during Jan 2009 to Nov 2016 were included. General characteristics as well as clinical data were collected, including blood routine, serum biochemical analysis, endoscopic findinds, histological evaluation and comorbiditie. Statistical analyses was performed using SPSS 20...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208188/the-antiosteoporosis-effect-of-icariin-in-ovariectomized-rats-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Yu Liu, Haojiang Zuo, Xuewei Liu, Jingyuan Xiong, Xiaofang Pei
Herba Epimedii (Yinyanghuo or Horny Goat Weed) is a traditional Chinese medicine widely used in treating osteoporosis. As the major active component, icariin is intensively investigated in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats. However, misleading conclusions can be generated in animal studies with various experimental designs. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy of icariin against osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats. PubMed, EMBASE and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched to identify studies of icariin in ovariectomized rats...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207944/incidence-of-breast-cancer-in-chinese-women-exposed-to-the-1959-1961-great-chinese-famine
#17
Dandan He, Yuan Fang, Marc J Gunter, Dongli Xu, Yanping Zhao, Jie Zhou, Hong Fang, Wang Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: The association of malnutrition in early life with breast cancer risk has been studied in Europe by investigating survivors of the Dutch Hunger Winter Famine, but not in China. We evaluated the effect of exposure to the 1959-1961 Great Leap Forward famine on subsequent breast cancer risk in Chinese women. METHODS: A total of 59,060 women born in 1955~1966 were recruited from Minhang district, Shanghai, China, during the period 2008 to 2012. A baseline survey was conducted to collect demographic characteristics and known risk factors for breast cancer...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207674/genetic-polymorphisms-in-caveolin-1-associate-with-breast-cancer-risk-in-chinese-han-population
#18
Meng Wang, Tian Tian, Xiaobin Ma, Wenge Zhu, Yan Guo, Zhao Duan, Jiangbo Fan, Shuai Lin, Kang Liu, Yi Zheng, Qianwen Sheng, Zhi-Jun Dai, Huixia Peng
Caveolin-1(CAV-1) was demonstrated to be a tumor suppressor gene and be implicated in the development of breast cancer (BC). Numerous potentially functional polymorphisms in CAV-1 have been identified, but their effects on BC were not clear. This case-control study aims to evaluate the relationship between CAV-1 polymorphisms and BC risk. 560 BC patients and 583 healthy controls were enrolled in the present study, all from Chinese Han population. We detected 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs3807987, rs1997623, and rs7804372) in CAV-1 using the Sequenom MassARRAY method...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206703/palliative-care-needs-of-heart-failure-patients-in-china-putting-people-first
#19
Ping Guo, Richard Harding, Irene J Higginson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recognizing the rising prevalence of heart failure in China, patients with heart failure have substantial palliative needs. This review highlights recent evidence on the epidemic of heart failure, identifies needs and potential benefit of palliative care in heart failure, and sets future strategic policy and research directions in China. RECENT FINDINGS: Epidemiological studies demonstrate the prevalence of heart failure among women is higher than men in China and increases substantially with age...
November 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204392/subungual-melanoma-is-not-so-rare-report-of-four-cases-from-india
#20
Archana Singal, Deepika Pandhi, Priyanka Gogoi, Chander Grover
Subungual melanoma (SUM) is an uncommon form of acral melanoma that arises within the nail matrix. The incidence for acral melanomas is similar worldwide, however, the proportion is higher in dark-skinned individuals. The subungual form represents approximately 2% of cutaneous non-sun-induced melanomas in the western world and up to 75% in Africans, 10% in Japanese, and 25% in the Chinese. No specific figures are available from the Indian subcontinent; however, the authors could trace three anecdotal case reports published over the last two decades...
November 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
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