Read by QxMD icon Read

Uveitis, peptide

Masashi Satoh, Ken-Ichi Namba, Nobuyoshi Kitaichi, Noriko Endo, Hirokuni Kitamei, Daiju Iwata, Shigeaki Ohno, Susumu Ishida, Kazunori Onoé, Hiroshi Watarai, Masaru Taniguchi, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Joan Stein-Streilein, Koh-Hei Sonoda, Luc Van Kaer, Kazuya Iwabuchi
Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) represents an experimental model for human endogenous uveitis, which is caused by Th1/Th17 cell-mediated inflammation. Natural killer T (NKT) cells recognize lipid antigens and produce large amounts of cytokines upon activation. To examine the role of NKT cells in the development of uveitis, EAU was elicited by immunization with a peptide from the human interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (hIRBP1-20) in complete Freund's adjuvant and histopathology scores were evaluated in C57BL/6 (WT) and NKT cell-deficient mice...
October 5, 2016: Experimental Eye Research
T C Mitulescu, C Stavaru, L M Voinea, L M Banica, C Matache, D Predeteanu
Hypothesis:Abnormal Vitamin D (Vit D) level could have consequences on the immuno-inflammatory processes in Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS). Aim:The purpose of this study was to analyze the role of Vitamin D in the interplay between immune and inflammation effectors in AS associated-Acute Anterior Uveitis (AAU). Methods and Results:25-hydroxyvitamin D (Vit D), LL-37 peptide, IL-8 and Serum Amyloid A (SAA) were identified and quantified in the serum/ plasma of thirty-four AS patients [eleven AS patients presenting AAU (AAU AS patients) and twenty-three AS patients without AAU (wAAU AS patients)] and eighteen healthy individuals (Control) using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
January 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
Chang He, Cheng-Rong Yu, Mary J Mattapallil, Lin Sun, Joseph Larkin Iii, Charles E Egwuagu
Uveitis is a potentially sight-threatening disease characterized by repeated cycles of remission and recurrent inflammation. The JAK/STAT pathway regulates the differentiation of pathogenic Th1 and Th17 cells that mediate uveitis. A SOCS1 mimetic peptide (SOCS1-KIR) that inhibits JAK2/STAT1 pathways has recently been shown to suppress experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). However, it is not clear whether SOCS1-KIR ameliorated uveitis by targeting JAK/STAT pathways of pathogenic lymphocytes or via inhibition of macrophages and antigen-presenting cells that also enter the retina during EAU...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Yukiko K Nakamura, Christina Metea, Lisa Karstens, Mark Asquith, Henry Gruner, Cathleen Moscibrocki, Iris Lee, Colin J Brislawn, Janet K Jansson, James T Rosenbaum, Phoebe Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate the contribution of the gut microbiota to the pathogenesis of uveitis. METHODS: Experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) in B10.RIII mice was induced using interphotoreceptor binding protein peptide. Mice were treated with oral or intraperitoneal (IP) antibiotics. Effector (Teff) and regulatory (Treg) T lymphocytes were identified using flow cytometry; 16S rRNA gene sequencing and qPCR were performed on gastrointestinal (GI) contents. RESULTS: Broad-spectrum (four antibiotics given simultaneously) oral, but not IP, antibiotics reduced mean uveitis clinical scores significantly compared with water-treated animals (0...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Ei Ohkawa, Miki Hiraoka, Akira Abe, Masaki Murata, Hiroshi Ohguro
Intraocular inflammation leads to oxidative stress and may generate lipid oxidation products. The present study was conducted to elucidate the pathophysiological roles of the lysosomal phospholipase A2 (LPLA2), a phospholipid-degrading enzyme, and the production of oxidized phospholipids (oxPLs) in autoimmune uveitis using a rat model. Lewis rats were immunized with a bovine interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (bIRBP) peptide with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) to induce experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU)...
August 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Xiangda Meng, Sijie Fang, Zhuhong Zhang, Yang Wang, Caiyun You, Jingkai Zhang, Hua Yan
Uveitis is a common cause of blindness worldwide. Experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) is an animal model of noninfectious uveitis. Chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) is a member of the flavonoid family and has anti-inflammatory effects. We immunized C57BL/6J mice with human interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein peptide 1-20 to induce EAU. Chrysin was administered intragastrically at 25 mg/kg daily to the chrysin-treated mice from 3 days before immunization to 21 days after immunization. Vehicle was administered to the mice in the control group according to the same protocol...
March 21, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Anne-Mieke J W Haasnoot, Jonas J W Kuiper, Sanne Hiddingh, Peter A W J F Schellekens, Wilco de Jager, Saskia M Imhof, Timothy R D J Radstake, Joke H de Boer
OBJECTIVE: Childhood uveitis is a vision-threatening inflammatory eye disease commonly attributed to juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The pathogenesis is poorly understood, which makes clinical management challenging. We analyzed soluble mediators in ocular fluid (aqueous humor [AqH]) and serum from children with JIA-associated uveitis and common childhood uveitis to identify potential biomarkers and investigate the ocular microenvironment of this sight-threatening eye disease. METHODS: AqH (n = 73) and paired serum (n = 66) samples were analyzed for 51 soluble mediators of inflammation by multiplex immunoassay...
July 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Dongchun Liang, Aijun Zuo, Ronglan Zhao, Hui Shao, Henry J Kaplan, Deming Sun
Adenosine is an important regulator of the immune response, and adenosine deaminase (ADA) inhibits this regulatory effect by converting adenosine into functionally inactive molecules. Studies showed that adenosine receptor agonists can be anti- or proinflammatory. Clarification of the mechanisms that cause these opposing effects should provide a better guide for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we investigated the effect of ADA on the development of experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) induced by immunizing EAU-prone mice with a known uveitogenic peptide, IRBP1-20...
March 15, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Cristhian J Ildefonso, Henrique Jaime, Emily E Brown, Ryo L Iwata, Chulbul M Ahmed, Michael T Massengill, Manas R Biswal, Shannon E Boye, William W Hauswirth, John D Ash, Qiuhong Li, Alfred S Lewin
PURPOSE: Oxidative stress has been linked to several ocular diseases, initiating an inflammatory response that increases tissue injury. The Nrf2 transcription factor regulates expression of antioxidant genes and is tightly regulated by Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1 (Keap-1). We evaluate the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of an adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector delivering an Nrf2-derived peptide that binds Keap-1. METHODS: The sequence of the Nrf2 peptide was fused to a cell-penetrating peptide (Tat-peptide) sequence (TatNrf2mer)...
February 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Sijie Fang, Xiangda Meng, Zhuhong Zhang, Yang Wang, Yuanyuan Liu, Caiyun You, Hua Yan
The purpose of the study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory efficiency of vorinostat, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, in experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). EAU was induced in female C57BL/6J mice immunized with interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein peptide. Vorinostat or the control treatment, phosphate-buffered saline, was administrated orally from 3 days before immunization until euthanasia at day 21 after immunization. The clinical and histopathological scores of mice were graded, and the integrity of the blood-retinal barrier was examined by Evans blue staining...
March 2016: Neuromolecular Medicine
Kathryn L Pepple, Lauren Rotkis, Jennifer Van Grol, Leslie Wilson, Angela Sandt, Deborah L Lam, Eric Carlson, Russell N Van Gelder
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the histologic features and cytokine profiles of experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) and a primed mycobacterial uveitis (PMU) model in rats. METHODS: In Lewis rats, EAU was induced by immunization with interphotoreceptor binding protein peptide, and PMU was induced by immunization with a killed mycobacterial extract followed by intravitreal injection of the same extract. Clinical course, histology, and the cytokine profiles of the aqueous and vitreous were compared using multiplex bead fluorescence immunoassays...
December 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Han Seul Choi, Seul Bee Lee, Jung Hyun Kwon, Hae Soon Kim, Sejung Sohn, Young Mi Hong
PURPOSE: Incomplete Kawasaki disease (KD) is frequently associated with delayed diagnosis and treatment. Delayed diagnosis leads to increasing risk of coronary artery aneurysm. Anterior uveitis is an important ocular sign of KD. The purpose of this study was to assess differences in laboratory findings, including echocardiographic measurements, clinical characteristics such as fever duration and treatment responses between KD patients with and those without uveitis. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study with 110 KD patients from January 2008 to June 2013...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Li-Fei Yuan, Guang-Da Li, Xin-Jun Ren, Hong Nian, Xiao-Rong Li, Xiao-Min Zhang
AIM: To determine the effects of rapamycin on experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) and investigate of role of rapamycin on T cell subsets in the disease. METHODS: EAU was induced in rats using peptides 1169 to 1191 of the interphotoreceptor binding protein (IRBP). Rapamycin (0.2 mg/kg/d) was administrated by intraperitoneal injection for a consecutive 7d after immunization. Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokines, TGF-β1, and IL-6 produced by lymphocyteswere measured by ELISA, while Th17 cells and CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) from rat spleen were detected by flow cytometry...
2015: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Lian Zhang, Fangzhu Wan, Jike Song, Kai Tang, Fengming Zheng, Junguo Guo, Dadong Guo, Hongsheng Bi
The aim of this study is to explore the dynamic changes in IL-17-expressing T cells (Th17)/Treg expression in monophasic experimental autoimmune uveitis (mEAU). mEAU was induced in Lewis rats with IRBP1177-1191 peptide and evaluated clinically and pathologically on days 9, 13, 18, 23, 28, 35, and 48. Lymphocytes isolated from inguinal lymph nodes were subjected to flow cytometry to analyze the frequency of Th17/Treg cells. The levels of cytokines (IL-17, IL-6, IL-10, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β) in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
February 2016: Inflammation
Mary J Mattapallil, Phyllis B Silver, Lizette M Cortes, Anthony J St Leger, Yingyos Jittayasothorn, Jennifer L Kielczewski, James J Moon, Chi-Chao Chan, Rachel R Caspi
PURPOSE: Experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) induced in mice using the retinal antigen interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein (IRBP) is an animal model for posterior uveitis in humans. However, EAU induced by native IRBP protein or its widely used epitope amino acid residues 1 to 20 of human IRBP (hIRBP1-20) is inconsistent, often showing low scores and incidence. We found an urgent need to identify a better pathogenic epitope for the C57BL/6 strain. METHODS: Mice were immunized with uveitogenic peptides or with native bovine IRBP...
August 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
R Horai, W P Chong, R Zhou, J Chen, P B Silver, R K Agarwal, R R Caspi
The "classical" EAU model induced by immunization of mice with the retinal protein IRBP or its peptides has been very useful to study basic mechanisms of ocular inflammation, but is inadequate for some types of studies due to the need for active immunization in the context of strong bacterial adjuvants. We generated transgenic (Tg) mice on the B10.RIII background that express a T cell receptor (TCR) specific for IRBP161-180. Three strains of TCR Tg mice were established. Spontaneous uveitis developed in two of the three strains by 2-3 months of age...
2015: Current Molecular Medicine
S Rossi, C Di Filippo, C Gesualdo, F Testa, M C Trotta, R Maisto, B Ferraro, F Ferraraccio, M Accardo, F Simonelli, M D'Amico
Rat endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) is a well-established model of human uveitis. In this model, intravitreal injection of resolvin D1 (RvD1, 10-100-1000 ng/kg) 1 hour after subcutaneous treatment of Sprague-Dawley rats with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 200 μg/rat) significantly prevented the development of uveitis into the eye. RvD1 dose-dependently increased the expression of sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) within the eye, while it decreased the expression of acetyl-p53 and acetyl-FOXO1. These effects were accompanied by local downregulation of some microRNAs related to the expression and activity of SIRT1...
2015: Mediators of Inflammation
Chang He, Cheng-Rong Yu, Lin Sun, Rashid M Mahdi, Joseph Larkin, Charles E Egwuagu
Uveitis is a diverse group of potentially sight-threatening intraocular inflammatory diseases and pathology derives from sustained production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the optical axis. Although topical or systemic steroids are effective therapies, their adverse effects preclude prolonged usage and are impetus for seeking alternative immunosuppressive agents, particularly for patients with refractory uveitis. In this study, we synthesized a 16 amino acid membrane-penetrating lipophilic suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 peptide (SOCS1-KIR) that inhibits JAK/STAT signaling pathways and show that it suppresses and ameliorates experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU), the mouse model of human uveitis...
August 2015: Journal of Autoimmunity
G L Crawford, J Boldison, D A Copland, P Adamson, D Gale, M Brandt, L B Nicholson, A D Dick
Macrophage activation is, in part, regulated via hydrolysis of oxidised low density lipoproteins by Lipoprotein-Associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), resulting in increased macrophage migration, pro-inflammatory cytokine release and chemokine expression. In uveitis, tissue damage is mediated as a result of macrophage activation; hence inhibition of Lp-PLA2 may limit macrophage activation and protect the tissue. Utilising Lp-PLA2 gene-deficient (KO) mice and a pharmacological inhibitor of Lp-PLA2 (SB-435495) we aimed to determine the effect of Lp-PLA2 suppression in mediating retinal protection in a model of autoimmune retinal inflammation, experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU)...
2015: PloS One
Izabela P Klaska, John V Forrester
Uveitis is a sight threatening intraocular inflammation accounting for approximately 10% of blindness worldwide. On the basis of aetiology, disease can be classified as infectious or non-infectious; and by anatomical localization of inflammation as anterior, posterior and panuveitis. Non-infectious uveitis is believed to be autoimmune in nature with Th1 and Th17 cells being identified as the prominent effector cell types. Numerous animal models of autoimmune uveitis were developed contributing to our understanding of this inflammatory condition...
2015: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"