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Sittichai Ingprasert, Damkerng Pathomvanich, Patra Pinyopawasutthi
BACKGROUND: Female hairline restoration has increasingly been in demand for the past decade. However, no reports address the correlation between characteristics of hair at the hairline and at the donor area. OBJECTIVE: To assess follicular characteristics at the hairline and at the donor area including hair density, diameter, and their correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred one randomly selected Southeast Asian female volunteers were assessed for hairline and donor area characteristics...
March 13, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
D A Gol'bin, V A Cherekaev
The article presents the literature data on the structural variability and age-related features of the midline anatomical structures of the anterior skull base (frontal sinus, ethmoid bone, anterior parasellar region, and medial orbital wall). This is the area of surgical interests of neurosurgeons and rhinosurgeons. The study objective is to analyze the literature data on the individual variability and age-related anatomy of these structures. The work is illustrated with original images from the authors' personal archive...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Renata Valle Pedroso, José Maria Cancela, Carlos Ayán, Angelica Miki Stein, Gilson Fuzaro, José Luiz Riani Costa, Francisco J Fraga, Ruth Ferreira Santos-Galduróz
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the benefits of physical activity on the mental processing information of patients with Alzheimer's disease assessed objectively is scarce and can be observed through event-related potentials, such as the P300. The aim of the study was to identify the effects of physical exercises on mental processing information in the elderly with Alzheimer's disease through neurophysiological measures (P300 amplitude and latency) and reaction time. METHODS: A total of 31 patients with Alzheimer's disease participated in this study: 14 in functional exercise (FE) group and 17 in social gathering (SG) group who carried out three 1-hour sessions per week of FE and SG activities, respectively, for a 12-week period...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Yifei Lin, Deyi Luo, Banghua Liao, Tongxin Yang, Ye Tian, Tao Jin, Guiming Wang, Hongying Zhou, Hong Li, Kunjie Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative outcomes between the perineal inverted-U and the vertical midline incision approaches of the urethroplasty and clarify them via gross anatomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 461 male patients, from Jan. 2006 to Jun. 2014, who underwent the urethroplasty via perineal midline vertical or inverted-U incision approach were recruited retrospectively. By match pairing for etiology and stricture length, 410 patients from two groups (205 for each group) were selected...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Peter Paik, Sanjay K Arukala, Anupam A Sule
Central venous catheters are placed in approximately five million patients annually in the US. The preferred site of insertion is one with fewer risks and easier access. Although the right internal jugular vein is preferred, on occasion, the left internal jugular may have to be accessed. A patient was admitted for septic shock, cerebrovascular accident, and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. A central venous line was needed for antibiotic and vasopressor administration. Due to trauma from a fall to the right side and previously failed catheterization attempts at the left subclavian and femoral veins, the left internal jugular vein was accessed...
January 9, 2018: Curēus
Erina Tonouchi, Yasuyuki Gen, Tomoki Muramatsu, Hidekazu Hiramoto, Kousuke Tanimoto, Jun Inoue, Johji Inazawa
Bromodomain Containing 4 (BRD4) mediates transcriptional elongation of the oncogene MYC by binding to acetylated histones. BRD4 has been shown to play a critical role in tumorigenesis in several cancers, and the BRD4-NUT fusion gene is a driver of NUT midline carcinoma (NMC), a rare but highly lethal cancer. microRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small non-coding RNAs that suppress target gene expression by binding to complementary mRNA sequences. Here, we show that miR-3140, which was identified as a novel tumor suppressive miRNA by function-based screening of a library containing 1090 miRNA mimics, directly suppressed BRD4 by binding to its coding sequence (CDS)...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yuji Otsuki, Hirofumi Konn, Keisa Takeda, Masahiko Koike
Obturator hernia (OH) is a rare condition that accounts for 0.073-1% of abdominal hernias and 0.48% of bowel obstructions. OH frequently occurs in elderly women, with an incidence that increases with age. The only treatment for OH is surgical intervention, and the approaches used vary greatly. Consequently, a well-defined consensus has not yet emerged. We assessed the efficiency and safety of the midline extraperitoneal approach for OH. Six patients with OH repaired using the midline extraperitoneal approach at KKR Sapporo Medical Center between April 2011 and January 2016 were included in the study...
March 14, 2018: Keio Journal of Medicine
Lanny Lestiani, Dian Novita Chandra, Kirsi Laitinen, Fransisca Diah Ambarwati, Päivi Kuusisto, Widjaja Lukito
Indonesians have a high intake of saturated fats, a key contributing dietary factor to elevated blood cholesterol concentrations. We investigated the cholesterol lowering efficacy of a smoothie drink with 2 grams of plant stanols as esters to lower serum total and LDL-cholesterol concentrations in hypercholesterolemic Indonesian adults. The double-blind randomized placebo controlled parallel design study involved 99 subjects. Fifty subjects received control drink and dietary advice, and 49 subjects received intervention drink (Nutrive Benecol®) and dietary advice...
2018: Cholesterol
K M Lee, M C Joo, Y M Yu, M-S Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between mylohyoid motor-evoked potentials (MH-MEP) and swallowing function and determine the value of MH-MEP for predicting aspiration 3 months poststroke. METHODS: Subacute patients within a month of their first stroke were enrolled up for 2 consecutive years. Videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS) were performed twice. Patients were evaluated during VFSS using the penetration aspiration scale (PAS) and videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS)...
March 13, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Seung Hoo Lee, Min Bom Kim, Jae Ang Sim, Do Hwan Han
We report our surgical method used to treat type C distal femur fractures accompanied by patella fractures whereby we approach the articular surface of the femur through the already-fractured patella. We treated 10 patients with type C3 distal femur and patella fractures between May 2013 and April 2015. Because the patella was fractured in all cases, we could approach the articular surface of the distal femur through the transverse gap between the retracted patellar fracture fragments, "transpatellar approach...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Shinjiro Fukami, Nobuyuki Nakajima, Hirofumi Okada, Jiro Akimoto, Tamotsu Miki, Hirokazu Fukuhara, Yukiko Shishido-Hara, Toshitaka Nagao, Masumi Tsuda, Michihiro Kohno
INTRODUCTION: Removal of midline paraventricular gliomas is difficult because of their deep localization and invasive character, requiring biopsy for pathological diagnosis. This study aimed to assess the pathological findings and clinical course of midline paraventricular gliomas diagnosed using a neuroendoscope. METHODS: This study was performed as a retrospective investigation of 26 patients whose tumors were diagnosed as midline paraventricular gliomas using a neuroendoscope...
March 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Joanna L Kaplan, Catherine T Gunther-Harrington, Jessie S Sutton, Joshua A Stern
BACKGROUND: The teratogenic effects of immunomodulatory and certain antimicrobial therapies are described in small rodents and humans. While the described teratogenic effects in small rodents have been extrapolated to make conclusions about its use in the pregnant dam, teratogenic effects of prednisone and doxycycline have not yet been reported in the dog. Here we report and describe midline defects observed in a litter of golden retriever puppies exposed to mid-gestational immunosuppressive and antimicrobial therapy...
March 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Guangming Wang, Jinlu Yu
INTRODUCTION: Chronic subdural hematoma(CSDH) can be treated by a relatively simple burr hole surgery. Acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) occurring after surgery for CSDH has been reported as a rare but severe complication. CASE REPORT: An 88-year-old female complained of progressive headache and dizziness for one month. A right fronto-temporo-parietal CSDH with a shift in the midline structures and lateral ventricle compression was shown by computed tomography (CT) scans...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Alexandre Bossi Todeschini, Alaa S Montaser, Douglas A Hardesty, Ricardo L Carrau, Daniel M Prevedello
Endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEA) have gained popularity and acceptance in skull base surgery over the last two decades. So-called expanded EEA allow access in the sagittal plane from the frontal sinus to the odontoid process. The endoscopic endonasal transclival approach allows a unique trajectory into the midline clivus and skull base that is unachievable from traditional craniotomy approaches to lesions such as chondrosarcomas, chordomas, and posterior fossa meningiomas. In this review, we will assess the benefits and drawbacks to using an endoscopic endonasal approach versus transcranial approach to these challenging lesions, assess the anatomical limits of endoscopic endonasal transclival surgery, and discuss the published literature on the topic...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
Felipe de Oliveira, José Alberto Landeiro, Igor de Castro
Background: Medulloblastoma is an embryonal neoplasm and accounts for 1% of all adult intracranial tumors. It is associated with many familiar cancer syndromes, but there is no known cause for medulloblastoma. Many studies have documented differences between childhood and adult medulloblastomas in terms of location, proliferation, and apoptotic indices. There are four histological groups - classic and the variant forms (desmoplastic/nodular, anaplasic, and large cell). There are four major subgroups according to molecular configuration: wingless (WNT), sonic hedgehog (SHH), group 3, and group 4 with differences between them according to prognostic outcomes...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Fiorenzo Artoni, Arnaud Delorme, Scott Makeig
Independent Component Analysis (ICA) has proven to be an effective data driven method for analyzing EEG data, separating signals from temporally and functionally independent brain and non-brain source processes and thereby increasing their definition. Dimension reduction by Principal Component Analysis (PCA) has often been recommended before ICA decomposition of EEG data, both to minimize the amount of required data and computation time. Here we compared ICA decompositions of fourteen 72-channel single subject EEG data sets obtained (i) after applying preliminary dimension reduction by PCA, (ii) after applying no such dimension reduction, or else (iii) applying PCA only...
March 8, 2018: NeuroImage
Steven M Barlow, Mohsen Hozan, Jaehoon Lee, Jake Greenwood, Rebecca Custead, Brianna Wardyn, Kaytlin Tippin
The relation among several parameters of the ramp-and-hold isometric force contraction (peak force and dF/dtmax during the initial phase of force recruitment, and the proportion of hold-phase at target) was quantified for the right and left thumb-index finger pinch, and lower lip midline compression in 40 neurotypical right-handed young adults (20 female/20 males) using wireless force sensors and data acquisition technology developed in our laboratory. In this visuomotor control task, participants produced ramp-and-hold isometric forces as 'rapidly and accurately' as possible to end-point target levels at 0...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Navid Pourtaheri, Bahman Guyuron
PURPOSE: To correlate the location and size of supraorbital notches (SON) and foramen (SOF) with migraine headache symptoms in a migraine patient population. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on consecutive patients who were candidates for frontal migraine surgery with available preoperative computed tomography (CT) images of the face/perinasal sinuses. The supraorbital anatomy from CT images was analyzed and correlated with presenting migraine headache symptoms...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Hyun-Seok Park, Jae-Hyung Choi
OBJECTIVE: The beneficial effect of hypothermia after hemicraniectomy in malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction has been controversial. We aim to investigate the safety and clinical efficacy of hypothermia after hemicraniectomy in malignant MCA infarction. METHODS: From October 2012 to February 2016, 20 patients underwent hypothermia (Blanketrol III, Cincinnati Sub-Zero, Cincinnati, OH, USA) at 34°C after hemicraniectomy in malignant MCA infarction (hypothermia group)...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Ammara Mushtaq, Bhagyashri Navalkele, Maninder Kaur, Amar Krishna, Aleena Saleem, Natasha Rana, Sonia Gera, Suganya Chandramohan, Malini Surapaneni, Teena Chopra
BACKGROUND: With the rising use of midline catheters (MCs), validation of their safety is essential. Our study aimed to evaluate the incidence of bloodstream infections (BSIs) and other complications related to the use of MCs and central venous catheters (CVCs). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed at a tertiary care hospital in Detroit, Michigan, from March-September 2016. Adult patients with either MC or CVC were included. Outcomes assessed were catheter-related BSI (CRBSI), mechanical complications, hospital length of stay, readmission within 90 days of discharge (RA), and mortality...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
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