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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764496/reporting-quality-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-otolaryngology-review-of-adherence-to-the-consort-statement
#1
Yu Qing Huang, Katsiaryna Traore, Badr Ibrahim, Maida J Sewitch, Lily H P Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials are the gold standard in medical and surgical research to assess the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. The reporting of these trials should be of high quality to allow readers' appropriate interpretation and application. METHODS: The objectives of our study were to assess the extent to which the recent Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (ORL-HNS) randomized control trials in the top nine journals and in the top Canadian journal comply with the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement, and to identify the CONSORT items most in need of improvement...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749919/results-of-reoperation-for-failed-ulnar-nerve-surgery-at-the-elbow-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Tinatin Natroshvili, Erik T Walbeehm, Nens van Alfen, Ronald H M A Bartels
OBJECTIVE The clinical results of reoperation for recurrent or persistent ulnar nerve compression at the elbow have not been clearly determined. The aim of this review was to determine overall improvement, residual pain, and sensory and motor deficits following reoperation regardless of the type of primary surgery performed for this condition. METHODS In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations, a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies was performed...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739392/clinicians-perceptions-of-usefulness-of-the-pubmed4hh-mobile-device-application-for-clinical-decision-making-at-the-point-of-care-a-pilot-study
#3
Kyungsook Gartrell, Caitlin W Brennan, Gwenyth R Wallen, Fang Liu, Karen G Smith, Paul Fontelo
BACKGROUND: Although evidence-based practice in healthcare has been facilitated by Internet access through wireless mobile devices, research on the effectiveness of clinical decision support for clinicians at the point of care is lacking. This study examined how evidence as abstracts and the bottom-line summaries, accessed with PubMed4Hh mobile devices, affected clinicians' decision making at the point of care. METHODS: Three iterative steps were taken to evaluate the usefulness of PubMed4Hh tools at the NIH Clinical Center...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729073/trends-of-infodemiology-studies-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Kimia Zeraatkar, Maryam Ahmadi
INTRODUCTION: The health care industry is rich in data and information. Web technologies, such as search engines and social media, have provided an opportunity for the management of user generated data in real time in the form of infodemiology studies. The aim of this study was to investigate infodemiology studies conducted during 2002-2016, and compare them based on developed, developing and in transition countries. METHODS: This scoping review was conducted in 2017 with the help of the PRISMA guidelines...
May 4, 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728350/reducing-negative-outcomes-of-online-consumer-health-information-qualitative-interpretive-study-with-clinicians-librarians-and-consumers
#5
Reem El Sherif, Pierre Pluye, Christine Thoër, Charo Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: There has been an exponential increase in the general population's usage of the internet and of information accessibility; the current demand for online consumer health information (OCHI) is unprecedented. There are multiple studies on internet access and usage, quality of information, and information needs. However, few studies explored negative outcomes of OCHI in detail or from different perspectives, and none examined how these negative outcomes could be reduced. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe negative outcomes associated with OCHI use in primary care and identify potential preventive strategies from consumers', health practitioners', and health librarians' perspectives...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722747/is-adjunctive-progesterone-effective-in-reducing-seizure-frequency-in-patients-with-intractable-catamenial-epilepsy-a-critically-appraised-topic
#6
Cristina Valencia-Sanchez, Amy Z Crepeau, Matthew T Hoerth, Kristina A Butler, Diana Almader-Douglas, Dean M Wingerchuk, Cumara B O'Carroll
BACKGROUND: Catamenial epilepsy refers to cyclic seizure exacerbation in relation to the menstrual cycle. Three distinct patterns have been described: C1-perimenstrual, C2-periovulatory, and C3-inadequate luteal. There is experimental and clinical evidence that gonadal steroid hormones affect neuronal excitability with estrogens being mainly proconvulsant and progesterone anticonvulsant. If reproductive steroids have a role in seizure occurrence, they may also have a role in treatment...
May 2018: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687454/interventions-for-implementation-of-thromboprophylaxis-in-hospitalized-patients-at-risk-for-venous-thromboembolism
#7
REVIEW
Susan R Kahn, David R Morrison, Gisèle Diendéré, Alexandre Piché, Kristian B Filion, Adi J Klil-Drori, James D Douketis, Jessica Emed, André Roussin, Vicky Tagalakis, Martin Morris, William Geerts
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. While numerous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have shown that the appropriate use of thromboprophylaxis in hospitalized patients at risk for VTE is safe, effective, and cost-effective, thromboprophylaxis remains underused or inappropriately used. Our previous review suggested that system-wide interventions, such as education, alerts, and multifaceted interventions were more effective at improving the prescribing of thromboprophylaxis than relying on individual providers' behaviors...
April 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605976/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-korea-2017-revised-edition
#8
REVIEW
Kyung Ho Song, Hye-Kyung Jung, Hyun Jin Kim, Hoon Sup Koo, Yong Hwan Kwon, Hyun Duk Shin, Hyun Chul Lim, Jeong Eun Shin, Sung Eun Kim, Dae Hyeon Cho, Jeong Hwan Kim, Hyun Jung Kim
In 2011, the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility (KSNM) published clinical practice guidelines on the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) based on a systematic review of the literature. The KSNM planned to update the clinical practice guidelines to support primary physicians, reduce the socioeconomic burden of IBS, and reflect advances in the pathophysiology and management of IBS. The present revised version of the guidelines is in continuity with the previous version and targets adults diagnosed with, or suspected to have, IBS...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601072/correction-librarians-against-scientists-oncotarget-s-lesson
#9
Mikhail V Blagosklonny
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.24272.].
March 13, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581201/voices-from-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol-of-primary-healthcare-interventions-within-public-health-systems-addressing-intimate-partner-violence-against-women
#10
Marcos Claudio Signorelli, Stav Hillel, Daniel Canavese de Oliveira, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Kelsey Hegarty, Angela Taft
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) considerably harms the health, safety and well-being of women. In response, public health systems around the globe have been gradually implementing strategies. In particular, low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC) have been developing innovative interventions in primary healthcare (PHC) addressing the problem. This paper describes a protocol for a systematic review of studies addressing the impacts and outcomes of PHC centre interventions addressing IPV against women from LMIC...
March 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562060/vascular-malformations-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Henry L Nguyen, George F Bonadurer, Megha M Tollefson
Importance: Patients with vascular malformations (VAMs) and vascular overgrowth syndromes have lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) attributable to social stigmatization, poor mental health, severity, and pain. However, the factors that contribute to this decreased HRQoL are not clear. Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that used validated HRQoL instruments to compare the HRQoL of persons with VAMs with the US general population...
March 21, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558336/librarians-flip-for-students-teaching-searching-skills-to-medical-students-using-a-flipped-classroom-approach
#12
Aurelia Minuti, Karen Sorensen, Rachel Schwartz, Winifred S King, Nancy R Glassman, Racheline G Habousha
This article describes the development of a flipped classroom instructional module designed by librarians to teach first- and second-year medical students how to search the literature and find evidence-based articles. The pre-class module consists of an online component that includes reading, videos, and exercises relating to a clinical case. The in-class sessions, designed to reinforce important concepts, include various interactive activities. The specifics of designing both components are included for other health sciences librarians interested in presenting similar instruction...
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558335/the-data-librarian-s-handbook-by-robin-rice-and-john-southall-london-facet-publishing-2016-177p-isbn-978-1-78330-047-1-79-99-softcover
#13
Jessica A Koos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558330/integrating-information-literacy-and-evidence-based-medicine-content-within-a-new-school-of-medicine-curriculum-process-and-outcome
#14
Joanne M Muellenbach, Kathryn M Houk, Dana E Thimons, Bredny Rodriguez
This column describes a process for integrating information literacy (IL) and evidence-based medicine (EBM) content within a new school of medicine curriculum. The project was a collaborative effort among health sciences librarians, curriculum deans, directors, and faculty. The health sciences librarians became members of the curriculum committees, developed a successful proposal for IL and EBM content within the curriculum, and were invited to become course instructors for Analytics in Medicine. As course instructors, the librarians worked with the other faculty instructors to design and deliver active learning class sessions based on a flipped classroom approach using a proprietary Information Mastery curriculum...
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558326/librarians-promoting-changes-in-the-health-care-delivery-system-through-systematic-assessment
#15
Sandy Oelschlegel, Kelsey Leonard Grabeel, Emily Tester, Robert E Heidel, Jennifer Russomanno
Patient engagement in health care decisions largely depends on a patient's health literacy and the health literacy attributes of the health care organization. Librarians have an established role in connecting patients with health information in the context of their care. However, librarians can play a larger role in helping to make changes in their organization's health literacy attributes. This article discusses one medical library's process of leading systematic assessment of their organization's health literacy attributes...
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558324/content-and-design-features-of-academic-health-sciences-libraries-home-pages
#16
Rozalynd P McConnaughy, Steven P Wilson
The goal of this content analysis was to identify commonly used content and design features of academic health sciences library home pages. After developing a checklist, data were collected from 135 academic health sciences library home pages. The core components of these library home pages included a contact phone number, a contact email address, an Ask-a-Librarian feature, the physical address listed, a feedback/suggestions link, subject guides, a discovery tool or database-specific search box, multimedia, social media, a site search option, a responsive web design, and a copyright year or update date...
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536943/the-new-diagnostic-team
#17
Mark L Graber, Diana Rusz, Melissa L Jones, Diana Farm-Franks, Barbara Jones, Jeannine Cyr Gluck, Dana B Thomas, Kelly T Gleason, Kathy Welte, Jennifer Abfalter, Marie Dotseth, Kathleen Westerhaus, Josanne Smathers, Ginny Adams, Michael Laposata, Tina Nabatchi, Margaret Compton, Quentin Eichbaum
The National Academy of Medicine (NAM) in the recently issued report Improving Diagnosis in Health Care outlined eight major recommendations to improve the quality and safety of diagnosis. The #1 recommendation was to improve teamwork in the diagnostic process. This is a major departure from the classical approach, where the physician is solely responsible for diagnosis. In the new, patient-centric vision, the core team encompasses the patient, the physician and the associated nursing staff, with each playing an active role in the process...
November 27, 2017: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533435/intramuscular-tranexamic-acid-in-tactical-and-combat-settings
#18
REVIEW
Erik N Vu, Wilson C Y Wan, Titus C Yeung, David W Callaway
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hemorrhage remains a leading cause of preventable death in tactical and combat settings. Alternate routes of delivery of tranexamic acid (TXA), an adjunct in the management of hemorrhagic shock, are being studied. A working group for the Committee for Tactical Emergency Casualty Care reviewed the available evidence on the potential role for intramuscular (IM) administration of TXA in nonhospital settings as soon as possible from the point of injury. METHODS: EMBASE and MEDLINE/PubMed databases were sequentially searched by medical librarians for evidence of TXA use in the following contexts and/or using the following keywords: prehospital, trauma, hemorrhagic shock, optimal timing, optimal dose, safe volume, incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE), IM bioavailability...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528884/does-the-use-of-clean-or-sterile-dressing-technique-affect-the-incidence-of-wound-infection
#19
Dea J Kent, Jody N Scardillo, Barbara Dale, Caitlin Pike
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to examine the evidence and provide recommendations for the use of clean or sterile dressing technique with dressing application to prevent wound infection. QUESTION: In all persons with acute or chronic wounds, does the use of clean or sterile dressing technique affect incidence of wound infection? SEARCH STRATEGY: A search of the literature was performed by a trained university librarian, which resulted in 473 articles that examined any age group that dealt with application of a wound dressing using either sterile or nonsterile technique...
May 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522181/otolaryngology-resident-education-and-the-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-core-competencies-a-systematic-review
#20
Erynne A Faucett, Jonnae Y Barry, Hilary C McCrary, Ahlam A Saleh, Audrey B Erman, Stacey L Ishman
Importance: To date, there have been no reports in the current literature regarding the use of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) core competencies in otolaryngology residency training. An evaluation may help educators address these core competencies in the training curriculum. Objectives: To examine the quantity and nature of otolaryngology residency training literature through a systematic review and to evaluate whether this literature aligns with the 6 core competencies...
April 1, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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