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Affordable Care Act Health Homes

Deborah Dillon, Faye Gary
Implementation of the Affordable Care Act (2010) enabled more than 30 million people to have new access to primary care services. On the basis of current utilization patterns, demand for primary care providers is expected to grow more rapidly than physician supply. This imbalance is expected to worsen, as the aging population requires more health care resources. In addition, more patients are requiring critical care services and physician numbers are not keeping with this growing need. Restrictions on resident physician practice hours have impacted inpatient care as well...
January 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Aabha I Sharma, Scott M Dresden, Emilie S Powell, Raymond Kang, Joe Feinglass
We describe changes in emergency department (ED) visits and the proportion of patients with hospitalizations through the ED classified as Ambulatory Care Sensitive Hospitalization (ACSH) for the uninsured before (2011-2013) and after (2014-2015) Affordable Care Act (ACA) health insurance expansion in Illinois. Hospital administrative data from 201 non-federal Illinois hospitals for patients age 18-64 were used to analyze ED visits and hospitalizations through the ED. ACSH was defined using Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Prevention Quality Indicators (PQIs)...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Ruby M Gabbedon
As a result of the Affordable Care Act, increases in aging populations, and advances in technologies, there is a critical need for highly qualified, competent home healthcare nurses. According to the Joint Commission's Human Resource Standard, home healthcare nurses must demonstrate their competency at least every 3 years by participating in in-service education (). Unfortunately, not all home healthcare agencies (HHA) are accredited by the Joint Commissions. A review of several states healthcare regulatory rules-specifically California, New York, Nevada, and Virginia, reveals no mandates for home healthcare nurses to demonstrate competencies for skills specific for home healthcare nursing...
November 2016: Home Healthcare Now
Gerald Kayingo, Owais Gilani, Vasco Deon Kidd, Mary L Warner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transformation of primary care (PC) training sites into patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) has implications for the education of health professionals. This study investigates the extent to which physician assistant (PA) students report learning about the PCMH model and how clinical exposure to PCMH might impact their interest in a primary care career. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to second-year PA students who had recently completed their PC rotation from 12 PA programs...
October 2016: Family Medicine
Kathryn W Hoffses, Lisa Y Ramirez, Louise Berdan, Rachel Tunick, Sarah Morsbach Honaker, Tawnya J Meadows, Laura Shaffer, Paul M Robins, Lynne Sturm, Terry Stancin
OBJECTIVES : In the midst of large-scale changes across our nation's health care system, including the Affordable Care Act and Patient-Centered Medical Home initiatives, integrated primary care models afford important opportunities for those in the field of pediatric psychology. Despite the extensive and growing attention, this subspecialty has received in recent years, a comprehensive set of core professional competencies has not been established. METHODS : A subset of an Integrated Primary Care Special Interest Group used two well-established sets of core competencies in integrated primary care and pediatric psychology as a basis to develop a set of integrated pediatric primary care-specific behavioral anchors...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Joyce K Edmonds, Lisa A Campbell, Richard E Gilder
OBJECTIVES: To explore public health nurses' knowledge, perceptions, and practices under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A cross-sectional, web-based survey was completed by a sample of 1,143 public health nurses (PHNs) in the United States. MEASURES: Descriptive statistics were analyzed for variables related to general knowledge and perception of the ACA and for the extent of involvement in activities related to the implementation of the ACA...
July 21, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Elizabeth M Yano, Jill E Darling, Alison B Hamilton, Ismelda Canelo, Emmeline Chuang, Lisa S Meredith, Lisa V Rubenstein
BACKGROUND: The Veterans Health Administration (VA) has undertaken a major initiative to transform care through implementation of Patient Aligned Care Teams (PACTs). Based on the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) concept, PACT aims to improve access, continuity, coordination, and comprehensiveness using team-based care that is patient-driven and patient-centered. However, how VA should adapt PACT to meet the needs of special populations, such as women Veterans (WVs), was not considered in initial implementation guidance...
July 19, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Edwin Chandrasekar, Karen E Kim, Sharon Song, Ranjana Paintal, Michael T Quinn, Helen Vallina
The health insurance coverage established by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act has created an opportunity to reduce racial/ethnic disparities in healthcare. It is expected that of the 24 million individuals projected to join, nearly one-half will be non-white and one-fourth will speak a language other than English at home. Asian Americans are one of the fastest growing racial/ethnic groups in the USA. The majority are foreign born and experience limited English proficiency. The role of navigators has been shown to increase enrollment rates of public insurance programs...
September 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Larry Davidson
The recovery movement, which broadly recognizes the ability of people with mental illnesses to participate in the mainstream of society, stems from a confluence of factors, including longitudinal data showing that many people eventually recover from serious mental illness. Perhaps as important to the emergence and growth of the recovery movement has been the increasing role that people "in recovery" have played in advocating for person-centered care, greater self-determination for those with mental illnesses, and an enhanced focus on restoring functioning for individuals above and beyond symptom reduction...
June 1, 2016: Health Affairs
Ran Schwarzkopf, Jenny Ho, John R Quinn, Nimrod Snir, Dana Mukamel
INTRODUCTION: The demand for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) continues to challenge hospital financial resources. Hospitals have countered this economic demand by reducing patient length of stay (LoS), thus requiring a higher utilization of extended care facilities (ECF) and home with home health care (HHC). With an increase in the number of insured low-income families following the Affordable Care Act (ACA), TKA patients' demographics are anticipated to change. Both trends have significant economic implications, and predicting the discharge destinations of TKA patients would help plan for future health expenditures...
June 2016: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Phyllis W Sharps, Linda F Bullock, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Jeanne L Alhusen, Sharon R Ghazarian, Shreya S Bhandari, Donna L Schminkey
BACKGROUND: Perinatal intimate partner violence (IPV) is common and has significant negative health outcomes for mothers and infants. This study evaluated the effectiveness of an IPV intervention in reducing violence among abused women in perinatal home visiting programs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This assessor-blinded multisite randomized control trial of 239 women experiencing perinatal IPV was conducted from 2006 to 2012 in U.S. urban and rural settings. The Domestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation Program (DOVE) intervention group (n = 124) received a structured abuse assessment and six home visitor-delivered empowerment sessions integrated into home visits...
November 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Todd P Gilmer, Benjamin F Henwood, Marissa Goode, Andrew J Sarkin, Debbie Innes-Gomberg
OBJECTIVE: The Medicaid health home option of the Affordable Care Act provides a new opportunity to address the fragmented system of care for persons with serious mental illness. This study examined the implementation of integrated health homes in Los Angeles County. METHODS: Longitudinal data on client-reported physical health status, clinician-reported mental health recovery, and screening for common chronic conditions among 1,941 persons enrolled in integrated care programs for serious mental illness and chronic general medical illness were combined with site visit data measuring the level of integration of general medical and mental health care among ten integrated care programs...
May 16, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Leah Karliner, Angela Marks, Sunita Mutha
Despite improvements in overall health of the American population, disparities persist, particularly for minority women. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) offers the potential to reduce disparities through expanded insurance coverage, greater access to high-quality care, and bolstered prevention efforts in the context of new models of care such as the patient-centered medical home (PCMH). We use case studies representing three clinical conditions (breast cancer, HIV, and coronary heart disease) to present strategies for how a PCMH could reduce disparities for minority women...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Josh Luke
Seniors and other hospital patients in the United States have traditionally had the option of being discharged to a skilled nursing facility (convalescent home) for post-acute services, or home with nursing and therapy services provided in the home setting. Traditionally, these home based services have been referred to as "home health." As more Americans have retired, home health services have expanded and are readily accessible. This growth put tremendous stress on the Medicare fund which pays for senior care services...
2016: World Hospitals and Health Services: the Official Journal of the International Hospital Federation
Dan M Shane, Phuong Nguyen-Hoang, Suzanne E Bentler, Peter C Damiano, Elizabeth T Momany
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act allowed an optional Medicaid State Plan benefit for states to establish Health Homes coordinating care for people who have chronic conditions. Differences in medical home program incentives and implementation styles are important to understand in evaluating effects on key outcomes such as cost and acute care. In Iowa, a Medicaid Health Home (MHH) program was developed targeting Medicaid members with multiple chronic conditions. Provider patient management payments were tied to the number of chronic conditions of MHH members...
August 2016: Medical Care
Benjamin D Sommers
Texas is one of nearly 20 states yet to expand its Medicaid program under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), and is home to the largest number of uninsured Americans of any state in the country. For many of the state's 5 million uninsured, this decision has left them without an option for affordable health insurance. A comparison with other Southern states that have expanded Medicaid shows how this decision has left many low-income Texans less able to afford their medical bills, to pay for needed prescription drugs, and to obtain regular care for chronic conditions...
April 2016: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
Erin L McGinley, Robert A Gabbay
Historic changes in healthcare reimbursement and payment models due to the Affordable Care Act in the United States have the potential to transform how providers care for chronic diseases such as diabetes. Payment experimentation has provided insights into how changing incentives for primary care providers can yield improvements in the triple aim: improving patient experience, improving the health of populations, and reducing costs of healthcare. Much of this has involved leveraging widespread adoption of the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) with diabetes often the focus...
June 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
Cynthia S Minkovitz, Kay M G O'Neill, Anne K Duggan
Home visiting programs are increasingly recognized as an important part of the early childhood system of care in the United States. The objectives of this report are to review the rationale for home visiting; characterize the Federal Home Visiting Program; highlight the evidence of home visiting effectiveness, particularly for low income families; identify opportunities to promote coordination between medical homes and home visiting programs; and explain the critical role of research, evaluation, and quality improvement to strengthen home visiting effectiveness...
April 2016: Academic Pediatrics
Anne H Gaglioti, Stephen Petterson, Andrew Bazemore, Robert Phillips
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes substantial morbidity and mortality in the United States. Evidence shows that primary care physician (PCP) supply correlates positively with improved health, but its association with obesity in the United States as not been adequately characterized. Our purpose was to characterize the association between PCP supply in US counties and adult obesity. METHODS: We performed a multivariate logistic regression analysis to examine the relationship between county-level PCP supply and individual obesity status...
March 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Constance M Horgan, Maureen T Stewart, Sharon Reif, Deborah W Garnick, Dominic Hodgkin, Elizabeth L Merrick, Amity E Quinn
OBJECTIVE: Health plans play a key role in facilitating improvements in population health and may engage in activities that have an impact on access, cost, and quality of behavioral health care. Although behavioral health care is becoming more integrated with general medical care, its delivery system has unique aspects. The study examined how health plans deliver and manage behavioral health care in the context of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the 2008 Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA)...
June 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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