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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778929/anxiety-sensitivity-in-the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-substance-use-disorders-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Anka A Vujanovic, Samantha G Farris, Brooke A Bartlett, Robert C Lyons, Moira Haller, Peter J Colvonen, Sonya B Norman
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD) are complex psychiatric conditions that commonly co-occur. No evidence-based, "gold standard" treatments for PTSD/SUD comorbidity are currently available. Thus, it is imperative to better understand cognitive-affective mechanisms, targetable via cognitive-behavioral intervention (i.e., malleable), that may be related to both disorders in order to improve the theory and treatment of PTSD/SUD. Anxiety sensitivity is a malleable cognitive-affective factor with relevance to both PTSD and SUD...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778639/sarc-f-for-screening-of-sarcopenia-among-older-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-screening-test-accuracy
#2
Satoshi Ida, Ryutaro Kaneko, Kazuya Murata
OBJECTIVE: To examine the screening ability of SARC-F for older adults using a meta-analysis. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The literature review was conducted using MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and ClinicalTrials.gov. Articles written on and after 1960 that included data regarding the sensitivity and specificity of SARC-F's diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia in older adults were searched. MEASURES: The bivariate random effects model was used to calculate the summary estimates of sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778092/magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-detecting-root-avulsions-in-traumatic-adult-brachial-plexus-injuries-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-diagnostic-accuracy
#3
Ryckie G Wade, Yemisi Takwoingi, Justin C R Wormald, John P Ridgway, Steven Tanner, James J Rankine, Grainne Bourke
BACKGROUND: Adult brachial plexus injuries (BPI) are becoming more common. The reconstruction and prognosis of pre-ganglionic injuries (root avulsions) are different to other types of BPI injury. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is being used to identify root avulsions, but the evidence from studies of its diagnostic accuracy are conflicting. Therefore, a systematic review is needed to address uncertainty about the accuracy of MRI and to guide future research. METHODS: We will conduct a systematic search of electronic databases alongside reference tracking...
May 19, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777798/predominance-of-high-or-unclear-risk-of-bias-assessments-in-diagnostic-accuracy-studies-included-in-cochrane-reviews
#4
Nicola Di Girolamo, Alexandra Winter, Reint Meursinge Reynders
OBJECTIVES: The validity of outcomes of systematic reviews is highly dependent on the extent of bias in the included primary studies. This study reports the risk of bias of primary studies included in systematic reviews of diagnostic accuracy. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: All systematic reviews of diagnostic accuracy studies published in the Cochrane database in 2015 and 2016 that used the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2) risk of bias (ROB) tool, and reported results with the ROB figure were eligible...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777729/pharmacogenetic-tests-to-guide-drug-treatment-in-depression-comparison-of-the-available-testing-kits-and-clinical-trials
#5
REVIEW
Chiara Fabbri, Joseph Zohar, Alessandro Serretti
The empirical approach to drug choice and dosing in depression often results into inadequate response and side effects. Pharmacogenetic (PGx) testing appears a promising way to implement personalized treatments. A systematic review was performed to identify available PGx tests, compare the genes they include with clinical guidelines and drug labels, and assess the quality of published clinical studies. ~40 commercial PGx tests are available and potential benefits were estimated for nine of them by clinical studies...
May 16, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777464/the-key-features-approach-to-assess-clinical-decisions-validity-evidence-to-date
#6
REVIEW
G Bordage, G Page
The key-features (KFs) approach to assessment was initially proposed during the First Cambridge Conference on Medical Education in 1984 as a more efficient and effective means of assessing clinical decision-making skills. Over three decades later, we conducted a comprehensive, systematic review of the validity evidence gathered since then. The evidence was compiled according to the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing's five sources of validity evidence, namely, Content, Response process, Internal structure, Relations to other variables, and Consequences, to which we added two other types related to Cost-feasibility and Acceptability...
May 17, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777351/development-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-of-recovery-after-abdominal-surgery-a-hypothesized-conceptual-framework
#7
Roshni Alam, Sabrina M Figueiredo, Saba Balvardi, Bénédicte Nauche, Tara Landry, Lawrence Lee, Nancy E Mayo, Liane S Feldman, Julio F Fiore
BACKGROUND: We initiated a research program to develop a novel patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to assess postoperative recovery from the perspective of abdominal surgery patients. In light of FDA recommendations, the first stage of our program aimed to, based on previous literature and expert input, develop a hypothesized conceptual framework portraying the health domains that are potentially relevant to the process of recovery after abdominal surgery. METHODS: This study was conducted in three phases: (1) systematic review to identify PROMs with measurement properties appraised in the context of recovery after abdominal surgery, (2) content analysis to categorize the health domains covered by the PROMs according to the ICF, and (3) two-round Delphi study to gain expert input regarding which of these health domains are relevant to the process of recovery...
May 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777328/a-systematic-review-on-the-off-label-use-of-montelukast-in-atopic-dermatitis-treatment
#8
Weng Khong Chin, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
Background Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common form of eczema. As leukotriene mediators are involved in the inflammatory phase of atopic dermatitis, montelukast has been suggested as a possible therapy. Aim of the review To evaluate the safety and efficacy of montelukast off-label use for the treatment atopic dermatitis. Method A search was performed from database inception until March 2018 in six electronic databases for randomized-controlled-trials examining the use of montelukast for AD. Results Among 301 articles screened, 11 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776919/behaviour-modification-interventions-to-optimise-red-blood-cell-transfusion-practices-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Lesley J J Soril, Thomas W Noseworthy, Laura E Dowsett, Katherine Memedovich, Hannah M Holitzki, Diane L Lorenzetti, Henry Thomas Stelfox, David A Zygun, Fiona M Clement
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of behaviour modification interventions to promote restrictive red blood cell (RBC) transfusion practices. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS: Seven electronic databases were searched to January 2018. Published randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or non-randomised studies examining an intervention to modify healthcare providers' RBC transfusion practice in any healthcare setting were included...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776618/sleep-health-epidemiology-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-poor-sleep-quality-and-sleep-duration
#10
REVIEW
Guido Simonelli, Nathaniel S Marshall, Antigone Grillakis, Christopher B Miller, Camilla M Hoyos, Nick Glozier
Sleep research has been dominated by high income countries (HIC). Sleep may be different in low and middle income countries (LMIC) due to cultural, demographic, geographical and health factors. We systematically reviewed the epidemiological literature reporting sleep parameters in the adult population in LMIC and meta-analyzed the prevalence of subjective poor sleep quality and sleep duration. We identified 45 publications; over 50% of which came from China and Brazil. Of the 45 identified studies, 32 contained data on sleep quality and 17 on self-reported sleep duration...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776355/can-deep-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-dtms-be-used-to-treat-substance-use-disorders-sud-a-systematic-review
#11
Karina Karolina Kedzior, Imke Gerkensmeier, Maria Schuchinsky
BACKGROUND: Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (DTMS) is a non-invasive method of stimulating widespread cortical areas and, presumably, deeper neural networks. The current study assessed the effects of DTMS in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUD) using a systematic review. METHODS: Electronic literature search (PsycInfo, Medline until April 2017) identified k = 9 studies (k = 4 randomized-controlled trials, RCTs, with inactive sham and k = 5 open-label studies)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776324/intraoperative-cryoanalgesia-for-reducing-post-tonsillectomy-pain-a-systemic-review
#12
Blake S Raggio, Blair M Barton, Maria C Grant, Edward D McCoul
OBJECTIVE: Summarize the effectiveness of intraoperative cryoanalgesia in the management of postoperative pain among patients undergoing palatine tonsillectomy. METHODS: A systematic review of PubMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane trial registries was performed through January 2017 using the PRISMA standards. We included English-language randomized controlled trials evaluating patients of all age groups with benign pathology who underwent tonsillectomy with cryoanalgesia versus without...
June 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775824/is-urine-a-reliable-clinical-sample-for-the-diagnosis-of-human-visceral-leishmaniasis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Shabnam Asfaram, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Mahdi Fakhar, Elham Sadat Banimostafavi, Masoud Soosaraei
Visualization of amastigotes in lymph nodes, bone marrow, and other tissues samples remains the gold standard method for the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in humans. This gold standard diagnostic method uses a technically challenging microscopy procedure that is often not accessible in many places in the world where VL is endemic. Here, we report the current systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate whether urine is a reliable clinical sample for diagnosis of human VL. Data were extracted from ten available databases during the period from 2002 to 2017...
May 15, 2018: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774747/hypertonic-saline-versus-isotonic-saline-nasal-irrigation-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Dichapong Kanjanawasee, Kachorn Seresirikachorn, Wirach Chitsuthipakorn, Kornkiat Snidvongs
Background Saline nasal lavage is one of the treatments of sinonasal diseases. Evidence from basic research favors hypertonic saline (HS) over isotonic saline (IS) for mucociliary clearance, but evidence from clinical studies is controversial. Conversely, HS may carry greater side effects. Objective To compare the effects of HS and IS nasal irrigation in treating sinonasal diseases. Methods Systematic search with Ovid MEDLINE, Scopus, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Manual additional sources was conducted. Randomized controlled trials comparing HS with IS nasal irrigation in treating any sinonasal diseases, including rhinitis and rhinosinusitis, were included...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774055/immunotherapy-of-experimental-and-human-stroke-with-agents-approved-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Mirjam Dreikorn, Zeljko Milacic, Vladimir Pavlovic, Sven G Meuth, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Peter Kraft
Background: 'Thromboinflammation' describes a novel concept in stroke pathophysiology that has opened up the possibility of immunotherapeutic approaches which could become promising strategies for targeted stroke therapies in the future. Methods: We reviewed current evidence for agents approved for multiple sclerosis in preclinical and clinical stroke studies. A systematic review was performed in accordance with the PRISMA statement, searching MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and reference lists of articles published until 16 October 2017...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774010/efficacy-of-vandetanib-in-treating-locally-advanced-or-metastatic-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-according-to-recist-criteria-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Pierpaolo Trimboli, Marco Castellana, Camilla Virili, Francesco Giorgino, Luca Giovanella
Background: Vandetanib is the most largely used tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in patients with locally advanced and/or metastatic medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Here, we conducted a systematic review on its efficacy and attempted to perform a meta-analysis adopting standardized RECIST criteria as end-points. Methods: The terms "medullary thyroid" and "protein kinase inhibitor" (then including all TKIs) were searched in PubMed, ClinicalTrials...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773262/-smoking-cessation-pharmacological-strategies-different-from-standard-treatments
#17
REVIEW
M Underner, J Perriot, G Peiffer, G Harika-Germaneau, N Jaafari
INTRODUCTION: Three drugs are used as an aid for smoking cessation: nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), varenicline and bupropion. Standard pharmacological strategies have proven their efficacy but may have poor efficacy, especially among "Hard-core smokers" who display low smoking abstinence rates and high relapse rates. OBJECTIVES: Systematic literature review of data on pharmacological strategies for smoking cessation which are different from standard treatments...
May 14, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773150/anxiety-depression-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Leo E Akioyamen, Jacques Genest, Shubham D Shan, Happy Inibhunu, Anna Chu, Jack V Tu
BACKGROUND: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a common genetic disease predisposing affected individuals to a high risk of cardiovascular disease. Yet, considerable uncertainty exists regarding its impact on psychosocial wellbeing. OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between FH and symptoms of anxiety and depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQL). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and PubMed for peer-reviewed literature published in English between January 1, 1990 and January 1, 2018...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772715/effects-of-sparassis-crispa-in-medical-therapeutics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Le Thi Nhu Ngoc, You-Kwan Oh, Young-Jong Lee, Young-Chul Lee
In this study, we investigated the therapeutic potential and medical applications of Sparassis crispa ( S. crispa ) by conducting a systematic review of the existing literature and performing a meta-analysis. The original efficacy treatment of the mushroom extract is considered primarily and searched in electronic databases. A total of 623 articles were assessed, 33 randomized controlled experiments were included after the manual screening, and some papers, review articles, or editorials that did not contain data were excluded...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772485/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-subjects-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-meta-analysis
#20
Wei Zheng, Qing-E Zhang, Dong-Bin Cai, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Ping Ning, Yu-Tao Xiang
Findings of neurocognitive dysfunction in subjects at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis (CHR-P) have been controversial. This meta-analysis systematically examined studies of neurocognitive functions using the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) in CHR-P. An independent literature search of both English and Chinese databases was conducted by two reviewers. Standardized mean difference (SMD) was calculated using a random effects model to evaluate the effect size of the meta-analytic results. Six case-control studies (n = 396) comparing neurocognitive functions between CHR-P subjects (n = 197) and healthy controls (n = 199) using the MCCB were identified; 4 (66...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
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