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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161798/intrapartum-care-quality-indicators-a-literature-review
#1
Elisa Lazzaretto, Antonella Nespoli, Simona Fumagalli, Elisabetta Colciago, Sofia Perego, Anna Locatelli
BACKGROUND: Quality of care is increasingly recognized as a critical aspect of the maternal and newborn health, mainly with respect to care around labour and delivery and in the immediate postnatal period. The Aim of this Review is to identify the recommended intrapartum care indicators in order to measure the quality of Midwifery care. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in August 2017 incorporating English and Italian language studies from 1993 and onwards to identify published articles on quality standards of intrapartum care...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161458/proton-pump-inhibitors-for-functional-dyspepsia
#2
REVIEW
Maria Ines Pinto-Sanchez, Yuhong Yuan, Ahmed Hassan, Premysl Bercik, Paul Moayyedi
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD or non-ulcer dyspepsia) is defined as continuous or frequently recurring epigastric pain or discomfort for which no organic cause can be found. Acid suppressive therapy, including proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), has been proposed as a therapeutic option in FD, but its efficacy remains controversial. While PPIs are generally considered safe and well tolerated, they have been associated with adverse events, especially in the long term. For this reason, decisions on whether to initiate or continue PPI therapy should be made based on an appropriate clinical indication...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161456/integrated-care-with-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Melissa E Lewis, Laurelle L Myhra
INTRODUCTION: The integration of behavioral health into medical care is related to positive results including improved patient health outcomes, provider satisfaction, and cost-offset. Indigenous people suffer from the highest health disparities in the nation and disproportionately experience barriers to health care; yet it is unknown if integrated care is effective for this population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was completed on the state of integrated care at Indigenous-serving health care sites in 2014 and was updated in 2016...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161336/efficacy-of-electrical-stimulation-of-the-occipital-nerve-in-intractable-primary-headache-disorders-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#4
Robert T Cadalso, John Daugherty, Caron Holmes, Saravanan Ram, Reyes Enciso
AIMS: To determine the efficacy of occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) in reducing the intensity, duration, and frequency of medically intractable primary headaches. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out by searching three electronic databases: the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE via PubMed, and Web of Science. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and case series were eligible for inclusion. RCTs were assessed for quality of evidence by using the Cochrane Risk of Bias and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) tools...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160740/effects-of-regular-physical-activity-on-the-cognitive-performance-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
Natalie Podolski, Klara Brixius, Hans G Predel, Christian Brinkmann
BACKGROUND: Cognitive decline has been shown to be associated with long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This review analyzes the present literature to ascertain the role of regular physical activity (PA) for the functioning of the diabetic brain. METHODS: PubMed was systematically searched for relevant publications up to July 2017. RESULTS: Four cross-sectional, one longitudinal observational, and nine interventional studies with a total of ∼7000 T2DM subjects are included in this review...
November 21, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160222/database-documentation-of-marine-mammal-stranding-and-mortality-current-status-review-and-future-prospects
#6
REVIEW
Derek K P Chan, Henry C L Tsui, Brian C W Kot
Databases are systematic tools to archive and manage information related to marine mammal stranding and mortality events. Stranding response networks, governmental authorities and non-governmental organizations have established regional or national stranding networks and have developed unique standard stranding response and necropsy protocols to document and track stranded marine mammal demographics, signalment and health data. The objectives of this study were to (1) describe and review the current status of marine mammal stranding and mortality databases worldwide, including the year established, types of database and their goals; and (2) summarize the geographic range included in the database, the number of cases recorded, accessibility, filter and display methods...
November 21, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160163/cancer-risk-associated-with-nuclear-atypia-in-cytologically-indeterminate-thyroid-nodules-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Pablo Valderrabano, Laila Khazai, Zachary J Thompson, Susan C Sharpe, Valentina D Tarasova, Kristen J Otto, Julie E Hallanger-Johnson, J Trad Wadsworth, Bruce M Wenig, Christine H Chung, Barbara A Centeno, Bryan McIver
BACKGROUND: Indeterminate categories of thyroid cytopathology (categories B-III and B-IV of the Bethesda system) are integrated by a heterogeneous spectrum of cytological scenarios that are generally clustered for analysis and management recommendations. It has been suggested that aspirates exhibiting nuclear atypia have a higher risk of malignancy. We assess whether cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules with nuclear atypia have a significantly higher cancer risk than those without nuclear atypia...
November 21, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159540/is-fertility-preservation-safe-for-adult-non-metastatic-gynecologic-rhabdomyosarcoma-patients-systematic-review-and-pooled-survival-analysis-of-137-patients
#8
REVIEW
Maha At Elsebaie, Zeinab Elsayed
PURPOSE: Recently, conservative approaches such as wide local excisions and neoadjuvant chemotherapy are being considered to select young adult females with gynecologic RMS who have strong desire to preserve fertility. This analysis aims to identify prognosticators affecting survival outcomes and defining potential candidacy for fertility-preservation. Another focus is to explore the role of chemotherapy in reducing the need for aggressive surgery and the role of radiotherapy in decreasing rates of local failure...
November 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157762/postanesthesia-scoring-methods-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#9
Robert J Hawker, Ann McKillop, Stephen Jacobs
PURPOSE: Internationally there is no consensus on the indicators essential for determining safe recovery from anesthesia and patient readiness for discharge from the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). DESIGN: Integrative review. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) as a search strategy, the literature related to PACU discharge scores were evaluated and organized into themes. FINDINGS: The traditional components of airway support, oxygenation, sedation, and circulation are common within many first stage PACU discharge scores...
December 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157759/effect-of-preoperative-education-on-postoperative-outcomes-among-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
C Ramesh, Baby S Nayak, Vasudev Baburaya Pai, Nitin T Patil, Anice George, Linu Sara George, Elsa Sanatombi Devi
PURPOSE: The objective of this review was to assess the effect of preoperative education on postoperative outcomes among patients undergoing cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was made on PubMed, CINAHL, Ovid, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Cochrane database between 1995 and 2015. Fourteen randomized controlled trials were included. Data analysis was performed with RevMan software and created the Supplementary Appendix using the GRADE approach...
December 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157736/the-influence-of-dosing-on-effect-size-of-exercise-therapy-for-musculoskeletal-foot-and-ankle-disorders-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Rutger M J de Zoete, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to identify doses of exercise therapy associated with greater treatment effect sizes in individuals with common musculoskeletal disorders of the foot and ankle, namely, achilles tendinopathy, ankle sprains and plantar heel pain. METHODS: AMED, EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched from 2005 to August 2017 for randomized controlled trials related to exercise for these three diagnoses. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale was used for methodological quality assessment...
November 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157513/antipsychotic-augmentation-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-review-of-clinical-practice-guidelines
#12
REVIEW
Peter Simons, Lisa Cosgrove, Allen F Shaughnessy, Harold Bursztajn
Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) are seen as the gold standard of evidence-based care. Because of their influence, these guidelines can have profound legal and economic effects. Despite their proliferation and influence, the trustworthiness and quality of guidelines have been seriously questioned and they have been implicated as drivers of overtreatment. In the U.S, augmentation with second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) is becoming an increasingly common strategy for treating major depressive disorder (MDD) when initial antidepressant treatment does not result in remission of symptoms...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157447/the-usefulness-and-actual-use-of-wearable-devices-among-the-elderly-population
#13
Shwetambara Kekade, Chung-Ho Hseieh, Md Mohaimenul Islam, Suleman Atique, Abdulwahed Mohammed Khalfan, Yu-Chuan Li, Shabbir Syed Abdul
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Elderly populations are more prone to diseases and need continuous monitoring of parameters to ensure good health. Wearable devices (WDs) can be helpful in the early detection and management of medical conditions. However, less is known about the use of currently available WDs among elderly populations. The objectives of this study were to determine the usefulness and actual use of wearable devices among the elderly population. METHODS: Our methodology was based on a systematic review and a survey questionnaire...
January 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156841/efficacy-of-intra-articular-hyaluronic-acid-injections-in-hip-osteoarthritis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Bei Wu, Yao-Min Li, Yan-Cheng Liu
There is less credible evidence of using of intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid (HA) to treat hip osteoarthritis (OA). This study is to determine the therapeutic effects and risk of adverse events of HA administration for hip OA. The MEDLINE, Cochrane of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Clinical Trial Register and EMBASE, were searched for articles published. Eligible studies were limited to trials of HA with a randomized design. A total of six studies were included in this the meta-analysis. The pooled effect size of improved pain scores from pretreatment was -0...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156839/the-benefit-of-immunonutrition-in-patients-undergoing-hepatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Chengshuo Zhang, Baomin Chen, Ao Jiao, Feng Li, Bowen Wang, Ning Sun, Jialin Zhang
Perioperative immunonutrition in liver resection remains doubtful. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to compare postoperative outcomes between patients undergoing hepatectomy who received perioperative immunonutrition and those who did not.A PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Knowledge database search was performed to retrieve all of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the value of perioperative immunonutrition in patients undergoing hepatectomy until the end of September 2016...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156087/fundamental-nursing-care-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-on-the-effect-of-nursing-care-interventions-for-nutrition-elimination-mobility-and-hygiene
#16
David A Richards, Angelique Hilli, Claire Pentecost, Victoria A Goodwin, Julia Frost
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of nursing interventions for people's nutrition, elimination, mobility and hygiene needs. BACKGROUND: Patient experience of health care is sensitive to nursing quality. A refocus on fundamental nursing care is undermined by lack of evidence of effectiveness for interventions in core areas such as elimination, nutrition, mobility and hygiene. DESIGN: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW: METHODS: We searched for and included experimental studies on interventions by professionally qualified and unregistered nurses that addressed participants' nutrition, elimination, mobility and hygiene needs...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156052/primary-adrenal-insufficiency-managing-mineralocorticoid-replacement-therapy
#17
Daniela Esposito, Daniela Pasquali, Gudmundur Johannsson
Context: Mineralocorticoid (MC) replacement therapy in patients with primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) was introduced more than 60 years ago. Still, there are limited data on how MC substitution should be optimized, since MC dosing regimens have only been systematically investigated in a few studies. We review the management of current standard MC replacement therapy in PAI and its plausible impact on outcome. Evidence Acquisition: Using PubMed, we conducted a systematic review of the literature from 1939 to 2017, with the following keywords: 'adrenal insufficiency', 'mineralocorticoid deficiency', 'aldosterone', 'cardiovascular disease', 'hypertension', and 'heart failure'...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155348/progress-and-challenges-of-predictive-biomarkers-of-anti-pd-1-pd-l1-immunotherapy-a-systematic-review
#18
Feifei Teng, Xiangjiao Meng, Li Kong, Jinming Yu
Despite the marked success of applications of PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint blockades in clinical, the efficacy and responsiveness of these agents varies greatly among different tumor types and across individual patients. Therefore, establishment of predictive biomarkers for checkpoint blockades is of the most importance to maximize the therapeutic benefits. In this review, we discuss the current progress and challenges of developing predictive biomarkers of immunotherapy responsiveness, aiming to provide some directions for future studies...
November 16, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154811/a-systematic-review-highlights-the-need-to-investigate-the-content-validity-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-physical-functioning-in-low-back-pain
#19
REVIEW
Alessandro Chiarotto, Raymond W Ostelo, Maarten Boers, Caroline B Terwee
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the evidence on content and structural validity of 17 patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to measure physical functioning in LBP. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SportDiscus, and Google Scholar were searched (February 2017). Records on development, and studies assessing content validity or unidimensionality in patients with LBP were included. Two reviewers defined eligible studies and assessed their methodological quality with updated COSMIN standards...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154798/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-reducing-mental-distress-in-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Sophia Burghardt, Susan Koranyi, Gabriel Magnucki, Bernhard Strauss, Jenny Rosendahl
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions in adults undergoing dental procedures under regional or general anesthesia compared to standard care alone or an attention control group on the reduction of mental distress, pain, and analgesic use. DATA SOURCES: To identify relevant papers a comprehensive literature search was carried out in MEDLINE, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and PsycINFO (last search August, 2017). Additionally, lists of references of relevant articles and previous reviews were checked...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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