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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647359/mild-hypothermia-ameliorates-muscle-wasting-in-septic-rats-associated-with-hypothalamic-ampk-induced-autophagy-and-neuropeptides
#1
Chun Cao, Tao Gao, Minhua Cheng, Fengchan Xi, Chenyan Zhao, Wenkui Yu
Sepsis, always developing muscle wasting, contributes to serious complications and mortality. Mild hypothermia has been reported to have protective effects on the prognosis of septic patients. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We therefore hypothesized that mild hypothermia could ameliorate muscle wasting during sepsis and whether it was associated with hypothalamus AMPK-induced autophagy and neuropeptides. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (5 mg/kg) or saline...
June 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638917/influence-of-sodium-nitroprusside-on-expressions-of-fbxl5-and-irp2-in-sh-sy5y-cells
#2
Jie Wei, Yong Li, Qian Jiao, Xi-Xun DU, Hong Jiang
Iron accumulation in the brain is associated with the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Misexpression of some iron transport and storage proteins is related to iron dyshomeostasis. Iron regulatory proteins (IRPs) including IRP1 and IRP2 are cytosolic proteins that play important roles in maintaining cellular iron homeostasis. F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 5 (FBXL5) is involved in the regulation of iron metabolism by degrading IRP2 through the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Nitric oxide (NO) enhances the binding activity of IRP1, but its effect on IRP2 is ambiguous...
June 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628628/transcriptional-mechanisms-associated-with-seed-dormancy-and-dormancy-loss-in-the-gibberellin-insensitive-sly1-2-mutant-of-arabidopsis-thaliana
#3
Sven K Nelson, Camille M Steber
While widespread transcriptome changes were previously observed with seed dormancy loss, this study specifically characterized transcriptional changes associated with the increased seed dormancy and dormancy loss of the gibberellin (GA) hormone-insensitive sleepy1-2 (sly1-2) mutant. The SLY1 gene encodes the F-box subunit of an SCF E3 ubiquitin ligase needed for GA-triggered proteolysis of DELLA repressors of seed germination. DELLA overaccumulation in sly1-2 seeds leads to increased dormancy that can be rescued without DELLA protein destruction either by overexpression of the GA receptor, GA-INSENSITIVE DWARF1b (GID1b-OE) (74% germination) or by extended dry after-ripening (11 months, 51% germination)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614300/pten-counteracts-fbxl2-to-promote-ip3r3-and-ca-2-mediated-apoptosis-limiting-tumour-growth
#4
Shafi Kuchay, Carlotta Giorgi, Daniele Simoneschi, Julia Pagan, Sonia Missiroli, Anita Saraf, Laurence Florens, Michael P Washburn, Ana Collazo-Lorduy, Mireia Castillo-Martin, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, Said M Sebti, Paolo Pinton, Michele Pagano
In response to environmental cues that promote IP3 (inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate) generation, IP3 receptors (IP3Rs) located on the endoplasmic reticulum allow the 'quasisynaptical' feeding of calcium to the mitochondria to promote oxidative phosphorylation. However, persistent Ca(2+) release results in mitochondrial Ca(2+) overload and consequent apoptosis. Among the three mammalian IP3Rs, IP3R3 appears to be the major player in Ca(2+)-dependent apoptosis. Here we show that the F-box protein FBXL2 (the receptor subunit of one of 69 human SCF (SKP1, CUL1, F-box protein) ubiquitin ligase complexes) binds IP3R3 and targets it for ubiquitin-, p97- and proteasome-mediated degradation to limit Ca(2+) influx into mitochondria...
June 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609481/the-ubiquitin-conjugating-enzyme-cdc34-is-essential-for-cytokinesis-in-contrast-to-putative-subunits-of-a-scf-complex-in-trypanosoma-brucei
#5
Federico Rojas, Joanna Koszela, Jacqueline Búa, Briardo Llorente, Richard Burchmore, Manfred Auer, Jeremy C Mottram, María Teresa Téllez-Iñón
The ubiquitin-proteasome system is a post-translational regulatory pathway for controlling protein stability and activity that underlies many fundamental cellular processes, including cell cycle progression. Target proteins are tagged with ubiquitin molecules through the action of an enzymatic cascade composed of E1 ubiquitin activating enzymes, E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzymes, and E3 ubiquitin ligases. One of the E3 ligases known to be responsible for the ubiquitination of cell cycle regulators in eukaryotes is the SKP1-CUL1-F-box complex (SCFC)...
June 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608936/a-photo-responsive-f-box-protein-fof2-regulates-floral-initiation-by-promoting-flc-expression-in-arabidopsis
#6
Reqing He, Xinmei Li, Ming Zhong, Jindong Yan, Ronghuan Ji, Xu Li, Qin Wang, Dan Wu, Mengsi Sun, Dongying Tang, Jianzhong Lin, Hongyu Li, Bin Liu, Hongtao Liu, Xuanming Liu, Xiaoying Zhao, Chentao Lin
Floral initiation is regulated by various genetic pathways in response to light, temperature, hormones, and developmental status. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the interactions between different genetic pathways are not fully understood. Here, we show that the photoresponsive gene FOF2 (F-box of flowering 2) negatively regulates flowering. FOF2 encodes a putative F-box protein that interacts specifically with ASK14, and its overexpression results in later flowering under both long-day and short-day photoperiods...
June 13, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578076/%C3%AE-1-and-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-stimulation-differ-in-their-effects-on-pgc-1%C3%AE-and-atrogin-1-mafbx-gene-expression-in-chick-skeletal-muscle
#7
Saki Shimamoto, Daichi Ijiri, Mana Kawaguchi, Kazuki Nakashima, Osamu Tada, Hiroki Inoue, Akira Ohtsuka
Adrenaline changes expression of the genes encoding peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-1α), which is known as a regulator of muscle size, and atrogin-1/muscle atrophy F-box (MAFbx), which is a muscle-specific ubiquitin ligase. However, the subtype of β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) involved in regulating these genes in skeletal muscle is not yet well defined. In this study, the effects of intraperitoneal injection of adrenaline and three β1-3-AR selective agonists on chick skeletal muscle metabolism were examined, to evaluate the functions of β-AR subtypes...
June 1, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575660/the-f-box-protein-kib1-mediates-brassinosteroid-induced-inactivation-and-degradation-of-gsk3-like-kinases-in-arabidopsis
#8
Jia-Ying Zhu, Yuyao Li, Dong-Mei Cao, Hongjuan Yang, Eunkyoo Oh, Yang Bi, Shengwei Zhu, Zhi-Yong Wang
The glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) family kinases are central cellular regulators highly conserved in all eukaryotes. In Arabidopsis, the GSK3-like kinase BIN2 phosphorylates a range of proteins to control broad developmental processes, and BIN2 is degraded through unknown mechanism upon receptor kinase-mediated brassinosteroid (BR) signaling. Here we identify KIB1 as an F-box E3 ubiquitin ligase that promotes the degradation of BIN2 while blocking its substrate access. Loss-of-function mutations of KIB1 and its homologs abolished BR-induced BIN2 degradation and caused severe BR-insensitive phenotypes...
June 1, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560642/identification-and-characterization-of-micrornas-and-their-targets-in-high-altitude-stress-adaptive-plant-maca-lepidium-meyenii-walp
#9
Sujay Paul
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, short (~21-nucleotide), non-coding RNA molecules that play pivotal roles in plant growth, development, and stress response signaling. In this study using recently published draft genome sequence of a high-altitude plant maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp) and applying genome-wide computational-based approaches, a total of 62 potentially conserved miRNAs belonging to 28 families were identified and four (lme-miR160a, lme-miR164c, lme-miR 166a, and lme-miR 319a) of them further validated by RT-PCR...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560594/fbxo50-enhances-the-malignant-behavior-of-gastric-cancer-cells
#10
Takashi Miwa, Mitsuro Kanda, Haruyoshi Tanaka, Chie Tanaka, Daisuke Kobayashi, Shinichi Umeda, Naoki Iwata, Masamichi Hayashi, Suguru Yamada, Tsutomu Fujii, Michitaka Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND: Challenges to our understanding the molecular mechanisms of the progression of gastric cancer (GC) must be overcome to facilitate the identification of novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets. In this article, we analyzed the expression of the gene encoding F-box-only 50 (FBXO50) and determined whether it contributes to the malignant phenotype of GC. METHODS: FBXO50 messenger RNA (mRNA) levels and copy numbers of the FBXO50 locus were determined in 10 GC cell lines and a nontumorigenic epithelial cell line...
May 30, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558130/strigolactones-karrikins-and-beyond
#11
REVIEW
Carolien De Cuyper, Sylwia Struk, Lukas Braem, Kris Gevaert, Geert De Jaeger, Sofie Goormachtig
The plant hormones strigolactones are synthesized from carotenoids and signal via the α/β hydrolase DWARF 14 (D14) and the F-box protein MORE AXILLARY GROWTH 2 (MAX2). Karrikins, molecules produced upon fire, share MAX2 for signaling, but depend on the D14 paralog KARRIKIN INSENSITIVE 2 (KAI2) for perception with strong evidence that the MAX2-KAI2 protein complex might also recognize so far unknown plant-made karrikin-like molecules. Thus, the phenotypes of the max2 mutants are the complex consequence of a loss of both D14- and KAI2-dependent signaling, hence the reason why some biological roles, attributed to strigolactones based on max2 phenotypes, could never be observed in d14 or in the strigolactone-deficient max3 and max4 mutants...
May 30, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554842/jasmonate-induced-biosynthesis-of-steroidal-glycoalkaloids-depends-on-coi1-proteins-in-tomato
#12
Ayman Abdelkareem, Chonprakun Thagun, Masaru Nakayasu, Masaharu Mizutani, Takashi Hashimoto, Tsubasa Shoji
In tomato, perception of jasmonates by a receptor complex, which includes the F-box protein CORONATINE INSENSITIVE 1 (COI1), elicits biosynthesis of defensive steroidal glycoalkaloids (SGAs) via a jasmonate-responsive ERF transcription factor, JRE4/GAME9. Although JRE4 is upregulated by jasmonate and induces the expression of many metabolic genes involved in SGA biosynthesis, it is not known whether JRE4 alone is sufficient for increased SGA biosynthesis upon activation of jasmonate signaling. Here, we show that application of methyl jasmonate induces the expression of JRE4 and SGA biosynthesis genes in leaves and hairy roots of wild-type tomato, but not in jasmonic acid insensitive 1 (jai1), a loss-of-function mutant allele of the tomato COI1 gene...
May 26, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533786/high-density-linkage-map-construction-and-mapping-of-yield-trait-qtls-in-maize-zea-mays-using-the-genotyping-by-sequencing-gbs-technology
#13
Chengfu Su, Wei Wang, Shunliang Gong, Jinghui Zuo, Shujiang Li, Shizhong Xu
Increasing grain yield is the ultimate goal for maize breeding. High resolution quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping can help us understand the molecular basis of phenotypic variation of yield and thus facilitate marker assisted breeding. The aim of this study is to use genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) for large-scale SNP discovery and simultaneous genotyping of all F2 individuals from a cross between two varieties of maize that are in clear contrast in yield and related traits. A set of 199 F2 progeny derived from the cross of varieties SG-5 and SG-7 were generated and genotyped by GBS...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529490/microgravity-induced-transcriptome-adaptation-in-mouse-paraspinal-longissimus-dorsi-muscle-highlights-insulin-resistance-linked-genes
#14
Guido Gambara, Michele Salanova, Stefano Ciciliot, Sandra Furlan, Martina Gutsmann, Gudrun Schiffl, Ute Ungethuem, Pompeo Volpe, Hanns-Christian Gunga, Dieter Blottner
Microgravity as well as chronic muscle disuse are two causes of low back pain originated at least in part from paraspinal muscle deconditioning. At present no study investigated the complexity of the molecular changes in human or mouse paraspinal muscles exposed to microgravity. The aim of this study was to evaluate longissimus dorsi adaptation to microgravity at both morphological and global gene expression level. C57BL/N6 male mice were flown aboard the BION-M1 biosatellite for 30 days (BF) or housed in a replicate flight habitat on ground (BG)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522751/targeting-fbw7-as-a-strategy-to-overcome-resistance-to-targeted-therapy-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Mingxiang Ye, Yong Zhang, Xinxin Zhang, Jian-Bin Zhang, Pengyu Jing, Liang Cao, Nan Li, Xia Li, Libo Yao, Jian Zhang, Jian Zhang
Inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) signaling is highly effective in a subgroup of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with distinct clinicopathological features. However, resistance to EGFR and ALK inhibitors inevitably occurs, and the molecular mechanism underlying resistance is not fully understood. In this study, we report a PI3K/Akt- and MEK/Erk-independent resistance mechanism by which loss of the E3 ubiquitin ligase F-box and WD repeat domain containing 7 (FBW7α) leads to targeted therapy resistance via stabilization of anti-apoptotic protein MCL-1...
May 18, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515914/analysis-of-the-function-of-microrna-375-in-humans-using-bioinformatics
#16
Xiaohua Chen, Baoxia Li, Rongcheng Luo, Sina Cai, Cao Zhang, Xiaolong Cao
MicroRNA-375 (miR-375) is expressed at low levels in many types of solid tumor, particularly in gastrointestinal tumors. It is considered to be important in the development of cancer and certain diseases. Thus, more detailed knowledge is required on the particular functions of miR-375. miRs function by regulating target genes. Therefore, in the current study, miRWalk (which includes the data from 10 prediction software programs) was used to predict the target genes of miR-375. The genes, which were co-predicted using five different software programs were further analyzed using Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery online software [including gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis]...
May 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515316/dna-damage-induced-degradation-of-exo1-limits-dna-end-resection-to-ensure-accurate-dna-repair
#17
Nozomi Tomimatsu, Bipasha Mukherjee, Janelle Louise Harris, Francesca Ludovica Boffo, Molly Hardebeck, Patrick Ryan Potts, Kum Kum Khanna, Sandeep Burma
End resection of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) to generate 3'-single-stranded DNA facilitates DSB repair via error-free homologous recombination (HR) while stymieing repair by the error-prone non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway. Activation of DNA end resection involves phosphorylation of the 5' to 3' exonuclease EXO1 by the phosphoinositide 3-kinase-like kinases ATM and ATR, and by the cyclin-dependent kinases 1 and 2. After activation, EXO1 must also be restrained in order to prevent over-resection which is known to hamper optimal HR and trigger global genomic instability...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515150/receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-is-targeted-by-fbxo10-for-ubiquitination-and-degradation
#18
John Evankovich, Travis Lear, Alison Mckelvey, Sarah Dunn, James Londino, Yuan Liu, Bill B Chen, Rama K Mallampalli
The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a highly expressed cell membrane receptor serving to anchor lung epithelia to matrix components, and it also amplifies inflammatory signaling during acute lung injury. However, mechanisms that regulate its protein concentrations in cells remain largely unknown. Here we show that RAGE exhibits an extended life span in lung epithelia (t½ 6 h), is monoubiquitinated at K374, and is degraded in lysosomes. The RAGE ligand ODN2006, a synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide resembling pathogenic hypomethylated CpG DNA, promotes rapid lysosomal RAGE degradation through activation of protein kinase C zeta (PKCζ), which phosphorylates RAGE...
May 17, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507201/sensitivity-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-to-erlotinib-is-regulated-by-the-notch-mir-223-fbxw7-pathway
#19
Haiwei Zhang, Fanglin Chen, Yongpeng He, Lin Yi, Chuang Ge, Xiaolong Shi, Chao Tang, Donglin Wang, Yongzhong Wu, Weiqi Nian
Recent evidence supports a role for microRNA-223 (miR-223) in modulating tumor cell sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs; however, its role in cellular resistance to the effects of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) used in treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains to be elucidated. The levels of miR-223 in parental cell line (HCC827) and erlotinib resistant HCC827 cell line (HCC827/ER)  were detected by qRT-PCR. HCC827/ER cells were treated with MK-2206 to block the Akt signaling pathway or RO4929097 to block the Notch signaling pathway, and then transfected with a miR-223 inhibitor or interference expression plasmid of F-Box/WD repeat-containing protein 7 (FBXW7) or insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R)...
May 15, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506875/deubiquitinase-usp33-is-negatively-regulated-by-%C3%AE-trcp-through-ubiquitin-dependent-proteolysis
#20
Qiao Cheng, Yukang Yuan, Lemin Li, Tingting Guo, Ying Miao, Ying Ren, Jin Liu, Qian Feng, Xiaofang Wang, Peng Zhao, Yibo Zuo, Liping Qian, Liting Zhang, Hui Zheng
Ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis regulates cellular levels of various proteins, and therefore plays important roles in controlling cell signaling and disease progression. The Skp1-Cul1-F-box ubiquitin ligase β-TrCP is recognized as an important negative regulator for numerous key signaling proteins. Recently, the deubiquitinases (DUBs) have turned out to be essential to regulate signaling pathways related to human diseases. However, whether β-TrCP is able to regulate the deubiquitinase family members remains largely unexplored...
July 1, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
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