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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653069/breathing-exercises-must-be-a-real-and-effective-intervention-to-consider-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Pablo Tomás-Carús, Jaime C Branco, Armando Raimundo, José A Parraca, Nuno Batalha, Clarissa Biehl-Printes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Respiratory problems can aggravate pain located in the coincident areas with tender points in the upper half of the body in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) and easily become fatigued, thus can lead to a decrease in the functionality of daily activities. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a breathing exercises program on pain thresholds tolerance on tender points and FM impact on daily life. METHODS/DESIGN: Thirty-five women with FM (age 34-67 years) were randomly assigned to an exercise group (n = 18), performing breathing exercises (30 min/session, 7 times/week; for 12 weeks), or to a control group (n = 17)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627641/occiput-axis-crossing-translaminar-screw-fixation-technique-using-offset-connectors-an-in-vitro-biomechanical-study
#2
Jiyong Gu, Weiwei Lei, Zong Xin, Yi Wu, Lin Peng, Zhibin Li, Zize Feng, Minchan Zhao, Songtao Qi, Yuntao Lu
OBJECTIVE: Fixation with the axis vertebra (C2) using pedicle screws is commonly used to treat an unstable occipitocervical junction; however, it is accompanied by a risk of vertebral artery injury. The occiput-C2 (OC2) crossing translaminar screw fixation technique may avoid this risk, but rod implantation is difficult. Offset connectors can help facilitate this construct. This study aimed to evaluate the stability of a technique for OC2 crossing translaminar screw fixation using offset connectors (C2LAM + OF) in comparison with other methods...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620665/thera-band-application-changes-muscle-activity-and-kyphosis-and-scapular-winging-during-knee-push-up-plus-in-subjects-with-scapular-winging-the-cross-sectional-study
#3
A-Reum Shin, Ji-Hyun Lee, Da-Eun Kim, Heon-Seock Cynn
Scapular winging (SW) is defined as increased prominence of the whole medial border of the scapula. Many researchers recently recommended knee push-up plus (KPP) for enhancing serratus anterior (SA) activation. However, during push-up plus, thoracic kyphosis (TK) may usually occur as a compensatory movement. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Thera-Band application during KPP on rectus abdominis (RA) activity, TK angle (TKA), SA activity, and amount of SW in subjects with SW.Fifteen subjects performed KPP with Thera-Band applied to different posterior body parts (no Thera-Band, in the occiput, and in the thoracic region)...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616886/effect-of-unifocal-versus-multifocal-lenses-on-cervical-spine-posture-in-patients-with-presbyopia
#4
Rami L Abbas, Mohamad T Houri, Mohammad M Rayyan, Hamada Ahmad Hamada, Ibtissam M Saab
SIGNIFICANCE: There are many environmental considerations which may or may not lead to the development of faulty cervical mechanics. The design of near vision lenses could contribute to the development of such cervical dysfunction and consequently neck pain. Decision making regarding proper type of lens prescription seems important for presbyopic individuals. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of unifocal and multifocal lenses on cervical posture. METHODS: Thirty subjects (18 females and 12 males) participated in the study with an age range from 40 to 64 years...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594321/-rheumatoid-instability-in-the-cervical-spine-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategies
#5
REVIEW
R Kothe
BACKGROUND: The involvement of the cervical spine in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) continues to be of clinical importance even in this age of biologics. Pathophysiological changes begin with an isolated atlantoaxial subluxation and may progress to a complex craniocervical and subaxial instability. The onset of cervical myelopathy can occur at any time and leads to a deterioration of the prognosis for the patient. THERAPY: Treatment of the rheumatoid cervical spine should be aimed at improvement of the symptoms and prevention of further progress of the disease...
March 29, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588621/investigating-the-effects-of-cervical-collar-design-and-fit-on-the-biomechanical-and-biomarker-reaction-at-the-skin
#6
Peter R Worsley, Nathan D Stanger, Aran K Horrell, Dan L Bader
Background: Research has shown that up to 33% of pressure ulcers (PUs) acquired in hospitals result from the application of a medical device. Cervical collars (C-collars) have been implicated in causing PUs, due to the mechanical force they apply to the skin. In order to improve our understanding of collar-related PUs, the present study aimed to assess the biomechanical, biochemical, and microclimate effects of C-collar design and fitting tension. Methods: A cohort of 15 healthy volunteers was fit with two different C-collars according to the manufacturer guidelines...
2018: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560295/a-case-of-sciatica-during-labor-due-to-an-occiput-posterior-fetus
#7
Cassandra Wasson, Telianne Chon
A 28-year-old term G3P0020 received an epidural with complete pain relief. Approximately 19 hours after the epidural placement, the pain increased. Sensory levels were rechecked and were bilateral and adequate at T8. Further discussion revealed that the pain was unrelated to her contractions; it was in her buttocks and radiating down the leg. The possibility of the fetus being positioned occiput posterior (OP) was discussed. The patient was placed into knee-chest position with instantaneous relief of her pain...
January 17, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553965/efficacy-of-an-ergonomic-ankle-support-aid-for-squatting-position-in-improving-pushing-skills-and-birth-outcomes-during-the-second-stage-of-labor-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Yu-Ching Lin, Meei-Ling Gau, Ghi-Hwei Kao, Hung-Chang Lee
BACKGROUND: The physical positions that are adopted by women during childbirth significantly impact their childbirth outcomes and experiences. Literature studies have associated using a squatting position with reduced childbirth pain and increased comfort and pushing efficiency. However, the major disadvantage of the squatting position is that women may lack the muscular fitness and stamina necessary to sustain this position for a long period. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the pushing experiences and birth outcomes of three different pushing positions during the second stage of labor...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540370/three-month-old-infant-with-band-like-hair-loss-on-the-occiput
#9
Vijay Zawar, Snehal Daga, Manoj Pawar, Shrikant Kumavat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538039/endoscopic-endonasal-approach-to-the-upper-cervical-spine-for-decompression-of-the-cervicomedullary-junction-following-occipitocervical-fusion
#10
Ibrahim Hussain, Theodore H Schwartz, Jeffrey P Greenfield
Basilar invagination is defined as abnormal upward and/or posterior displacement of the odontoid leading to ventral compression of the cervicomedullary junction. This condition leads to lower cranial neuropathies, sensorimotor deficits, and myelopathy. These symptoms can persist even after posterior decompression, which is an indication for ventral decompression. Transoral approaches to the upper cervical spine carry significant morbidity, limiting their utility. The endonasal approach to the upper cervical spine presents an alternative for patients with amenable anatomy...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537658/efficiency-of-the-modified-sims-maternal-position-in-the-rotation-of-persistent-occiput-posterior-position-during-labor-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Vanessa Bueno-Lopez, Carmen Fuentelsaz-Gallego, Manel Casellas-Caro, Ana Maria Falgueras-Serrano, Silvia Crespo-Berros, Ana Maria Silvano-Cocinero, Carolina Alcaine-Guisado, Manuela Zamoro Fuentes, Elena Carreras, Carmen Terré-Rull
BACKGROUND: Fetal occiput posterior position in labor is associated with more painful and prolonged labor, and an increase in both maternal and fetal morbidity. The aim of this study is to assess whether the modified Sims position on the side of the fetal spine increases the rotation to occiput anterior position in women with epidural analgesia and a fetus in persistent occiput posterior (POP) position. METHODS: This is an open, randomized controlled, clinical trial...
March 14, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532182/hyperkyphotic-measures-using-distance-from-the-wall-validity-reliability-and-distance-from-the-wall-to-indicate-the-risk-for-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-and-vertebral-fracture
#12
Patcharawan Suwannarat, Pipatana Amatachaya, Thanat Sooknuan, Patiphan Tochaeng, Kanjana Kramkrathok, Thiwabhorn Thaweewannakij, Nuttaset Manimmanakorn, Sugalya Amatachaya
C7WD is a practical, valid, and reliable measure that could clearly indicate a risk of hyperkyphosis and vertebral fracture in the elderly. The findings might be particularly of use in regions difficult to access radiology or for the determination of those who need further invasive radiologic examination and therapy. PURPOSE: To investigate psychometric properties of the 7th cervical vertebra wall distance (C7WD) to determine the risk of thoracic hyperkyphosis and spinal fracture, as compared to a standard radiologic Cobb's method...
March 12, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514531/measurement-of-the-fetal-occiput-spine-angle-during-the-first-stage-of-labor-as-predictor-of-the-progress-and-outcome-of-labor
#13
Ahmed M Maged, Ehab M Soliman, Ali A Abdellatif, Mohamed Nabil, Omar I Said, Mohamed N Mohesen, Ayman N Raslan, Sahar M Y Elbaradie
BACKGROUND: Fetal head attitude has a substantial impact on labor progress and outcome. Fetal head deflexion is basically diagnosed by digital vaginal examination during labor. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of the fetal occiput-spine angle (OSA) measured through transabdominal ultrasound during the first stage of labor on the progress and outcome of labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study conducted on 400 women with term uncomplicated singleton pregnancy with occipitoanterior position during active labor...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510425/impact-of-peanut-ball-device-on-the-duration-of-active-labor-a-randomized-control-trial
#14
Rebecca J Mercier, Mei Kwan
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate whether the use of a peanut ball device shortens the duration of active labor in nulliparas. STUDY DESIGN:  Single-site, nonblinded randomized trial in nulliparous women admitted for labor or labor induction. English-speaking women > 18 years of age with singleton pregnancies were enrolled. Participants were randomized to the use of peanut ball or usual care upon reaching the active phase of labor (≥ 6 cm cervical dilation) with an epidural...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504951/videographic-assessment-of-pediatric-tracheal-intubation-technique-during-emergency-airway-management
#15
Yuko Shiima, Ting-Chang Hsieh, Andrew Long, Aaron Donoghue
OBJECTIVES: To examine technical aspects of pediatric tracheal intubation using video recording and to determine the association between tracheal intubation technique and procedural outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Emergency department resuscitation bay in single tertiary pediatric center. PATIENTS: Children undergoing emergent tracheal intubation under videorecorded conditions. INTERVENTIONS: None...
March 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488088/the-presence-of-occipital-hair-in-the-pilonidal-sinus-cavity-a-triple-approach-to-proof
#16
Dietrich Doll, F Bosche, A Hauser, P Moersdorf, I Sinicina, J Grunwald, F Reckel, M M Luedi
PURPOSE: Hair in the pilonidal sinus is not growing within the sinus cavity, as hair follicles are not present there. Not few pilonidal patients do not have intergluteal hair, which is said to be the causative agent of folliculitis and pilonidal genesis. So, what is the real source of the hair forming the typical pilonidal hair nest? METHODS: A trifold approach was used: First, axial hair strength testing of pilonidal hair and body hair harvested from head, lower back (glabella sacralis), and cranial third of intergluteal fold...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471252/relationship-between-monocytes-to-lymphocytes-ratio-and-axial-spondyloarthritis
#17
Yukai Huang, Weiming Deng, Shaoling Zheng, Fan Feng, Zhixiang Huang, Qidang Huang, Xin Guo, Zhengping Huang, Xuechang Huang, Xia Pan, Tianwang Li
BACKGROUND: Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is a progressive, chronic, inflammatory skeletal disorder affecting the spine and sacroiliac joints. Many studies have shown that neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, platelets, and red blood cells (RBCs) play important roles in the inflammatory process of axSpA. Neutrophils to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) have been reported to be simple and inexpensive markers to indicate the disease activity of axSpA...
February 19, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468274/-selected-otorhinolaryngological-symptoms-in-functional-disorders-of-the-upper-cervical-spine-and-temporomandibular-joints
#18
M Hölzl, R Behrmann, E Biesinger, W von Heymann, R Hülse, C Arens
This paper discusses otorhinolaryngological symptoms associated with functional disorders of the upper cervical spine. Hints aimed to avoid misdiagnoses of cross-organ otorhinolaryngological symptoms as phobic or psychogenic disorders are presented. Clinically relevant neuroanatomical convergence of the upper cervical spine (occiput to C3) is fundamental for the interpretation of functional otorhinolaryngological symptoms. Based thereon, evidence for the most common cervical differential diagnoses of dizziness, tinnitus, dysphagia, and craniomandibular dysfunction is presented separately...
February 21, 2018: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462820/comment-on-higher-rates-of-operative-delivery-and-maternal-and-neonatal-complications-in-persistent-occiput-posterior-position-with-a-large-head-circumference-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Paul Guerby, Olivier Parant, Christophe Vayssiere, Fabien Vidal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450878/antepartum-risk-factors-for-moderate-to-severe-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-a-swedish-national-cohort-study
#20
Lena Liljestrom, Anna-Karin Wikstrom, Johan Agren, Maria Jonsson
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to identify antepartum risk factors for neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, with a focus on maternal body mass index and height. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National population-based cohort study of 692 428 live-born infants ≥36 gestational weeks in Sweden, 2009-2015. Data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register and the Swedish Neonatal Quality Register were linked. Short maternal stature was defined as ≤155 cm, and overweight as body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 ...
February 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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