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Menstural cycle

Ozan Dogan, Ahmet Yildiz, Osman Temizkan, Cigdem Pulatoglu
OBJECTIVES: Blood flow to uterus and ovaries is demonstrated to be altered during mensturation. Studies has been published stating that blood flow differs also in ovulatory and anovulatory cycles. In this study, using color Doppler ultrasound, we aim to compare uterine, endometrial and ovarian blood flow during ovulatory and anovulatory cycles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women volunteers who are aged between 18-40 had no endocrinological problem and not recieving exogenous hormone therapy were included to study...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Dimitrios Mavrelos, Ali Al Chami, Vikram Talaulikar, Elizabeth Burt, Lisa Webber, George Ploubidis, Ephia Yasmin
Antral follicle count (AFC) variation was examined across the menstural cycle and its effect on clinical management assessed. In 79 women, AFC was documented in early (iAFC) and late follicular phase (sAFC). Absolute agreement between iAFC and sAFC and agreement for classification into categories of risk of extremes of ovarian response were examined. Ovarian stimulation protocols designed with iAFC and sAFC, and the predictive value of iAFC and sAFC for extremes of ovarian response, were compared in women undergoing ovarian stimulation...
August 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Sandhya Jain, Neelam B Vaid, Yam Narang, Amita Suneja, Kiran Guleria
INTRODUCTION: Combined Oral Contraceptive (COC) pills are being used in patients of abnormal uterine bleeding, especially adolescents and reproductive age women considering their need for contraception. It decreases the blood loss due to haemostatic effect of estrogen and also regularizes the cycle. Intravaginal route has been found to be effective and acceptable; Gastrointestinal absorption and hepatic first-pass metabolism is avoided and steady, uniform blood concentration is achieved...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Zahra Zandieh, Fatemehsadat Amjadi, Mahnaz Ashrafi, Abbas Aflatoonian, Alireza Fazeli, Reza Aflatoonian
OBJECTIVE: Toll like receptors (TLRs) are one of the main components of the innate im- mune system. It has been reported that expression of these receptors are altered in the female reproductive tract (FRT) during menstrual cycle. Here we used a fallopian tube epithelial cell line (OE-E6/E7) to evaluate the effect of two sex hormones in modulating TLR expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, initially TLR gene expression in OE- E6/E7 cells was evaluated and compared with that of fallopian tube tissue using quanti- tative real time-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunostaining...
2016: Cell Journal
Rohini R Nair, Anuradha Khanna, Kiran Singh
PROBLEM: The contribution of systemic S100A8 protein in menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and early pregnancy loss (EPL) is not known. Altered expression of S100A8 in maternal decidua is associated with recurrent early pregnancy loss. The objective of this study was to investigate the systemic level of S100A8 in different phases of menstrual cycle, different trimester of pregnancy, and in EPL. METHOD OF STUDY: Level of S100A8 was investigated in serum samples of the subjects through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
February 2015: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Hossein Bordbar, Tahereh Esmaeilpour, Farzaneh Dehghani, Mohammad Reza Panjehshahin
BACKGROUND: In traditional medicine zingiber officinale used to regulate female menstural cycle and treat male infertility. Recent studies have suggested the possible role of ginger extract in improving the testicular damage of busulfan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of zingiber officinale on the sperm parameters, testosterone level and the volume of the testes and seminiferous tubules by stereological methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty rats were divided into four groups...
June 2013: Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Mohammadreza Najafi, Maedeh Mirmohamad Sadeghi, Jafar Mehvari, Mohammad Zare, Mojtaba Akbari
BACKGROUND: Catamenial epilepsy is a kind of epilepsy, known in this name, when the periodicity of the exacerbation of the seizure is in association with menstural cycle. The present study examined the progesterone effectiveness as a complementary treatment in women with intractable catamenial epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted as a double-blind randomized controlled trial on 38 women with intractable catamenial epilepsy. Patients were assessed in two groups: The case group received in addition to AEDs, two (Mejestrol) 40 mg progesterone tablets in the second half of the cycle from 15(th) to 25(th) day...
2013: Advanced Biomedical Research
Ji Young Oh, Ji-Ah Lee, Hyejin Lee, Jee-Young Oh, Yeon-Ah Sung, Hyewon Chung
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Serum levels of highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a vascular inflammatory marker, may predict the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are at greater risk for type 2 diabetes and CVD. The aim of this study was to compare hsCRP levels between normal weight women with PCOS and controls with a normal menstrual cycle and to determine the factors associated with serum hsCRP levels. METHODS: Thirty-nine lean PCOS patients and 24 healthy, regular cycling women were enrolled in this study...
December 2009: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Başak Cavlica, Selda Bereket Yücel, Nurten Darçin, Idil Tekin Mirzai, Koray Erbüyün
OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study was to investigate pain perception of the professional volleyball players at rest and maximal cardiovascular stresses during different phases of menstruation. METHODS: Thirteen volleyball players from Celal Bayar University were used as the participants of the study. At rest, anthropometric measurements, systolic and diastolic blood pressures were determined. Then, pain tolerance and pain threshold were measured by sphygmomanometer that placed upper part of the arm...
January 2009: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1962: Ceskoslovenská Gynekologie
M H Clark, J T Benson
Urinary tract dysfunction influenced by the menstrual cycle has been described. This case demonstrates mensturation-influenced fecal incontinence. The patient had difficulty with stool control and rectal hygiene only during the week prior to her period. These symptoms had been present since she had discontinued oral birth control. Progestin levels and anal manometry were obtained during the secretory and luteal phases of her cycle and demonstrated a difference in resting anal tone between phases. Progestin smooth muscle relaxation is presumed to have uncovered an already weakened anal continence mechanism...
1999: International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction
J Botella-Llusiá, A Oriol-Bosch, F Sánchez-Garrido, J A Tresguerres
Testosterone and 17 beta-oestradiol were determined in blood obtained from the ovarian veins of 26 women, 16 of whom were young and regularly ovulating and menstruating, and 10 of whom were premenopausal with uterine bleedings and endometrial hyperplasia. The concentrations of these two hormones in the cubital veins of the premenopausal women were also determined. It was found that the concentrations of the two hormones were not significantly greater in the premenopausal women than in the control group of young normally ovulating and menstruating women in the periovulatory phase of the menstural cycle, but that the ovarian secretion rates of both hormones, particularly of testosterone, were considerably greater in the premenopausal women...
January 1980: Maturitas
A J Fellenberg, G Phillipou, R F Seamark
The excretion of 6-sulphatoxy melatonin in urine has been shown to provide a reliable index of melatonin production in man. Daily measurements made in two healthy ovulating women showed that both the total amount excreted/day and the proportion excreted during the sleep period remained relatively constant for each subject throughout the menstrual cycle. These data do not support the view that there are changes in melatonin production which correlate with cyclical reproductive endocrine function in the human...
July 1, 1982: Clinical Endocrinology
J J Rasweiler
Uterine function was assessed histologically in nonpregnant Molossus ater removed from a laboratory breeding colony. During the luteal phase of the cycle, bilateral decidual reactions were found to develop spontaneously in the absence of either embryos or experimental manipulation of the uterus. These included the formation of early decidual giant cells, closure of the uterine lumina, and morphological changes in the endometrial blood vessels. Some endothelial cell hypertrophy was noted in much of the decidua, but this was most pronounced in vessels associated with an unusual vascular tuft that formed in the endometrium surrounding the cranial end of the uterine lumen...
May 1991: American Journal of Anatomy
J S Teja
A number of reports indicate that many women experience minor physical and psychological symptoms just prior to or during menses. Rarer episodic psychotic states associated with menses have received scanty attention. In the few available case reports, many hypotheses about their etiology have been advanced, usually unsupported by systemic studies. A 15-year-old girl with periodic psychotic episodes associated with menses was studied over many months. The interval between her periods was around 45 days. Psychotic episodes usually started a few days before or in association with menstural bleeding...
January 1976: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
A J Hartz, P N Barboriak, A Wong, K P Katayama, A A Rimm
Historical data from 26 638 20-to 40-year women were used to study the association between obesity and menstrual abnormalities including evidence of infertility. It was found that women with evidence of anovulatory cycles, ie, irregular cycles greater than 36 days, and hirsutism, were more than 30 lb (13.6 kg) heavier than women with no menstrual abnormalities after adjusting for height and age. The percentage of women with evidence of anovulatory cycles was 2.6 per cent for women less than 20 per cent overweight, 4...
1979: International Journal of Obesity
N Hagino, O Nakamoto, Y Kunz, A Arimura, D H Coy, A V Schally
An effect of E-Trp6-LH-RH (superactive LH-RH agonist) in the pituitary and ovarian function was examined. Four regularly cycling baboons were used for this study. After determination of control values of plasma levels of LH, oestrogen and progesterone during the entire menstural cycle, D-Trp6-LH-RH was infused subcutaneously for 7 days during the early luteal phase in these four baboons. An infusion of D-Trp6-LH-RH increased plasma LH and oestrogen, but it failed to alter the plasma level of progesterone. From these results, it seems unlikely that 1) D-Trp6-LH-RH has a luteolytic effect, and 2) an increased ovarian oestrogen causes luteolysis in the baboon...
June 1979: Acta Endocrinologica
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