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Roberta Venturella, Paola Quaresima, Mariella Micieli, Erika Rania, Annarita Palumbo, Federica Visconti, Fulvio Zullo, Costantino Di Carlo
PURPOSE: To propose an evidence-based review on the most frequent indications for Cesarean section (CS) given by specialists in disciplines other than Obstetrics and Gynecology, with the aim of increasing consciousness about the available data in the literature and the guidelines recommendations about topics that are not frequently managed by obstetricians and gynecologists. METHODS: We analyzed hospital discharge data regarding deliveries occurred in a 10-year study period in our department to obtain the prevalence and the list of the most recurrent non-obstetrical indications for CS...
March 20, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
José M Méndez Ribas
The Medicine for adolescents is a true specialty mostly exercised by doctors trained in pediatrics, family clinicians and gynecologists properly trained in their care and with the vocation for that. Based on my experience as a Founding Member and Director for more than 20 years of the Adolescence Program of the Hospital de Clínicas (University of Buenos Aires), I presented a methodology of attention with the objective of showing a comprehensive approach of the adolescents with an emphasis on general health promotion and prevention of diseases, and on reproductive health in particular...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Min Hye Kim, Dae Hyun Song, Gyung Hyuck Ko, Jeong Hee Lee, Dong Chul Kim, Jung Wook Yang, Hyang Im Lee, Hyo Jung An, Jong Sil Lee
BACKGROUND: For endometrioid carcinoma patients, International Federation of Gynecologists and Obstetricians (FIGO) histologic grading is very important for identifying the appropriate treatment method. However, the interobserver discrepancy with this three-tiered grading system is a serious potential problem. In this study, we used immunohistochemistry to analyze the relationship between FIGO histologic grading score and myoferlin expression. METHODS: We studied the endometrioid carcinoma tissues of 60 patients from Gyeongsang National University Hospital between January 2002 and December 2009...
March 2018: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
Geilson Gomes de Oliveira, Judite Maria da Silva Costa de Oliveira, Renata Mirian Nunes Eleutério, José Eleutério Júnior
OBJECTIVE:  To assess the management chosen by gynecologists after atypical squamous cells (ASCs) cytology results, and to evaluate the outcomes of these cases in Brazilian women. METHODS:  A prospective observational study evaluated the initial management offered by the gynecologist in the case of 2,458 ASCs cytology results collected between January of 2010 and July of 2016. The outcomes of the cytology, high-risk human papilloma virus (HR-HPV) test and histology were compared in two subgroups: atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) and atypical squamous cells-cannot exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H)...
March 19, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Rami Musallam, Nabeel Salem, Ramez Al Halol, Hammam Al Deeb, Bettina Bottcher, Hanaa AlHamaida
BACKGROUND: Early pregnancy loss occurs in 10% of all clinically recognised pregnancies. 80% of pregnancy losses occur in the first trimester. Offering choice and participation in the management decisions is essential to patient-centred care. The aim of this study was to assess the management of first trimester pregnancy loss at the Emirati Hospital in Rafah, Gaza Strip. METHODS: In this retrospective audit, we compared the management of first trimester pregnancy loss at Emirati Hospital using the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists guidelines (ACOG, No...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Dorit Schöller, Marieke Hölting, Diana Stefanescu, Helen Burow, Birgitt Schönfisch, Katharina Rall, Florin-Andrei Taran, Grigoris F Grimbizis, Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Sara Y Brucker
PURPOSE: Several classification systems for female genital tract anomalies exist but are of limited use in clinical practice. We, therefore, assessed the applicability and ease of use of the new ESHRE/ESGE classification, using only patient records. METHODS: This retrospective, single-center, proof-of-principle study systematically analyzed the surgical reports and other hospital records of 920 inpatients and outpatients treated for confirmed female genital tract congenital malformations at a major German university hospital during 2003-2013...
March 16, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Antonio De Leo, Margherita Nannini, Giulia Dondi, Donatella Santini, Milena Urbini, Elisa Gruppioni, Pierandrea De Iaco, Anna Myriam Perrone, Maria Abbondanza Pantaleo
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and liver and peritoneum are the main sites of recurrence. Ovarian metastases from GIST are very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50 years-old woman was found to have a pelvic mass on transvaginal ultrasound (TV-US) and computed tomography (CT)-scan, considered as a right ovarian mass. The patient underwent surgical abdominal exploration that showed an ileal mass, a normal right ovary and an irregular and vascularized surface of the left ovary...
March 16, 2018: BMC Cancer
Katharine D Wenstrom, Mary E D'Alton, Daniel F O'Keefe
OBJECTIVE:  To conduct a survey of the members of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) to determine the practice patterns of maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) subspecialists in the United States and to estimate the likelihood that our work force is sufficient to support the proposed MFM staffing requirements for level III and IV maternity centers. STUDY DESIGN:  All regular SMFM members in the United States were invited to answer a 26 question survey by email...
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
I Nisand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Sarah Jane Holcombe
Unsafe abortion is one of the three leading causes of maternal mortality in low-income countries; however, few countries have reformed their laws to permit safer, legal abortion, and professional medical associations have not tended to spearhead this type of reform. Support from a professional association typically carries more weight than does that from an individual medical professional. However, theory predicts and the empirical record largely reveals that medical associations shy from engagement in conflictual policymaking such as on abortion, except when professional autonomy or income is at stake...
March 12, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Sanjay Chauhan, Sayeed Unisa, Beena Joshi, Ragini Kulkarni, Amarjeet Singh, Thilakavathi Subramanian, Ramendra Narayan Chaudhuri, A C Baishya, Shalini Bharat, Anushree Patil, Achhelal Pasi, Dinesh Agarwal
Background: Infertility is a neglected service component in the public health-care system in India. Objectives: This study aims to assess the availability and practices on prevention and management services for infertility in the district health system. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey of selected health facilities and the staff from 12 district hospitals (DHs), 24 community health centers (CHCs), 48 primary health centers (PHCs), and 48 subcenters was conducted using qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Sarah Cotton, Robert E Brown, Elizabeth K Nugent, Sonia C Robazetti, Pamela D Berens, Judith A Smith
OBJECTIVE: To assess the consistency between human papillomavirus (HPV) mRNA testing in women with a history of previous HPV infections diagnosed by HPV DNA assay and the potential effects on follow-up HPV screening. METHODS: This was a quality improvement study that used data from a pathology laboratory software database reviewed from November 2014 to June 2016 to identify female patients aged 30 years or older with greater than one HPV-positive result, including one or more HPV mRNA assay results and one or more documented HPV DNA assay results for comparison...
March 8, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ronit Koren, Yifat Wiener, Karen Or, Carlos A Benbassat, Shlomit Koren
OBJECTIVES: To study the current practices in the management of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and thyroid nodules during pregnancy of obstetricians/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) and endocrinologists in Israel. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was sent by email to all members of the Israeli Endocrine Society and the Israel Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Questionnaires included demographic data and clinical scenarios with questions regarding the screening and management of pregnant women with SCH, hypothyroxinemia, and a palpable thyroid nodule...
March 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Claire Stanley, Michael Secter, Sarah Chauvin, Amanda Selk
OBJECTIVE: Attitudes and barriers towards HPV vaccination were explored in a population of male surgeons in Gynecology and Otolaryngology in Ontario, Canada. MATERIALS/METHODS: An internet-based survey was distributed to male residents and physicians affiliated with the departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Otolaryngology at six Ontario universities. The survey consisted of 16 questions (3 demographic, 3 workplace exposure, 6 regarding personal vaccination, and 3 regarding patient vaccination)...
March 7, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
Kristl Tomlin, Lucia Mirea, Amy Williamson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The American Academy of Pediatrics and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have identified the menstrual cycle as essential in assessing overall health of adolescent girls. Menses should be considered a "vital sign" and documentation of last menstrual period (LMP) is recommended at every patient encounter. The aim of this study is to estimate and compare LMP documentation among adolescent and pediatric healthcare providers. STUDY DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective cohort study identified a random sample of 50 female patients seen in the general pediatrics (PEDS), adolescent medicine (AM), and pediatric and adolescent gynecology (PAG) ambulatory clinics at Phoenix Children's Hospital between January 1, 2016 and March 31, 2016...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Paras Ali, Sofia Butt, Nazli Hossain
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the practice of Eclampsia management at a tertiary care public sector hospital. PATIENTS & METHODS: We conducted criteria based audit of 93 Eclampsia patients admitted in Gynae unit III, Civil hospital and Dow University of Health Sciences Karachi, between 1st January 2016 and 31st December 2016. Management practices were assessed using evidence-based criteria for care. A clinical criteria for standards of care were developed from Royal College of Obstetrician & Gynecologist (RCOG/NICE) guidelines, World Health Organization (WHO) manual, twelve criteria were identified for the audit purpose...
January 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
Katherine Ward, Angela Deneris
Menopause-related symptoms frequently lead women to seek health care. Recommendations for prescribing hormone therapy have changed significantly since the publication of initial results from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study in 2002. The North American Menopause Society and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have newer guidelines based on long-term analyses of the WHI participants as well as emerging data from other clinical trials. Women with an intact uterus who are using systemic estrogen must also use a progestogen; however, there are 2 new selective estrogen receptor modulators on the market for use without a progestogen...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Abigail R Koch, Pamela T Roesch, Caitlin E Garland, Stacie E Geller
CONTEXT: Severe maternal morbidity (SMM) rates in the United States more than doubled between 1998 and 2010. Advanced maternal age and chronic comorbidities do not completely explain the increase in SMM or how to effectively address it. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have called for facility-level multidisciplinary review of SMM for potential preventability and have issued implementation guidelines. IMPLEMENTATION: Within Illinois, SMM was identified as any intensive or critical care unit admission and/or 4 or more units of packed red blood cells transfused at any time from conception through 42 days postpartum...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Roberta Rossini, Giuseppe Tarantini, Giuseppe Musumeci, Giulia Masiero, Emanuele Barbato, Paolo Calabrò, Davide Capodanno, Sergio Leonardi, Maddalena Lettino, Ugo Limbruno, Alberto Menozzi, U O Alfredo Marchese, Francesco Saia, Marco Valgimigli, Walter Ageno, Anna Falanga, Antonio Corcione, Alessandro Locatelli, Marco Montorsi, Diego Piazza, Andrea Stella, Antonio Bozzani, Alessandro Parolari, Roberto Carone, Dominick J Angiolillo
Perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy in patients treated with coronary stents undergoing surgery remains poorly defined. Importantly, surgery represents a common reason for premature treatment discontinuation, which is associated with an increased risk in mortality and major adverse cardiac events. However, maintaining antithrombotic therapy to minimize the incidence of perioperative ischemic complications may increase the risk of bleeding complications. Although guidelines provide some recommendations with respect to the perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy, these have been largely developed according to the thrombotic risk of the patient and a definition of the hemorrhagic risk specific to each surgical procedure, key to defining the trade-off between ischemia and bleeding, is not provided...
March 12, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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