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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918454/assessment-of-thermotactile-and-vibrotactile-thresholds-for-detecting-sensorineural-components-of-the-hand-arm-vibration-syndrome-havs
#1
Ying Ye, Michael J Griffin
BACKGROUND: Thermotactile thresholds and vibrotactile thresholds are measured to assist the diagnosis of the sensorineural component of the hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS). OBJECTIVES: This study investigates whether thermotactile and vibrotactile thresholds distinguish between fingers with and without numbness and tingling. METHODS: In 60 males reporting symptoms of the hand-arm vibration syndrome, thermotactile thresholds for detecting hot and cold temperatures and vibrotactile thresholds at 31...
September 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917976/low-molecular-weight-fucoidan-ameliorates-hindlimb-ischemic-injury-in-type-2-diabetic-rats
#2
Zhiqiang Wang, Tiantian Liu, Xiaoping Chen, Hongjie You, Quanbin Zhang, Jingyi Xue, Yuanyuan Zheng, Dali Luo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Low molecular weight fucoidan (LMWF), extracted from Laminaria japonica Areschoug, is a traditional Chinese medicine, commonly used to alleviate edema, particularly for feet with numbness and pain. AIM OF THE STUDY: Diabetic mellitus (DM) patients are at high risk of developing peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Individuals with DM and PAD co-morbidity have a much higher risk of critical limb ischemia. LMWF showed several beneficial effects, such as anti-inflammation, anti-thrombosis, and enhancing revascularization...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912674/a-mechanistic-understanding-of-axon-degeneration-in-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#3
REVIEW
Yusuke Fukuda, Yihang Li, Rosalind A Segal
Chemotherapeutic agents cause many short and long term toxic side effects to peripheral nervous system (PNS) that drastically alter quality of life. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common and enduring disorder caused by several anti-neoplastic agents. CIPN typically presents with neuropathic pain, numbness of distal extremities, and/or oversensitivity to thermal or mechanical stimuli. This adverse side effect often requires a reduction in chemotherapy dosage or even discontinuation of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911803/sensory-overload-and-imbalance-resting-state-vestibular-connectivity-in-ptsd-and-its-dissociative-subtype
#4
Sherain Harricharan, Andrew A Nicholson, Maria Densmore, Jean Théberge, Margaret C McKinnon, Richard W J Neufeld, Ruth A Lanius
BACKGROUND: The vestibular system integrates multisensory information to monitor one's bodily orientation in space, and is influenced by interoceptive awareness. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) involves typically alterations in interoceptive and bodily self-awareness evidenced by symptoms of hyperarousal, as well as of emotional detachment, including emotional numbing, depersonalization, and derealization. These alterations may disrupt vestibular multisensory integration between the brainstem (vestibular nuclei) and key vestibular cortical regions (parieto-insular vestibular cortex, prefrontal cortex)...
September 11, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910463/use-of-acetylsalicylic-acid-in-the-prehospital-setting-for-suspected-acute-ischemic-stroke
#5
John M Levri, Armando Ocon, Paul Schunk, Cord W Cunningham
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) treatment guidelines include various recommendations for treatment once the patient arrives at the hospital. Prehospital care recommendations, however, are limited to expeditious transport to a qualified hospital and supportive care. The literature has insufficiently considered prehospital antiplatelet therapy. An otherwise healthy 30-year-old black man presented with headache for about 3 hours, left-sided facial and upper extremity numbness, slurred speech, miosis, lacrimation, and general fatigue and malaise...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905114/long-term-outcomes-of-microvascular-decompression-and-gamma-knife-surgery-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-retrospective-comparison-study
#6
Takuro Inoue, Hisao Hirai, Ayako Shima, Fumio Suzuki, Masayuki Yamaji, Takanori Fukushima, Masayuki Matsuda
BACKGROUND: There is still no clear guideline for surgical treatment for patients with medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia (TN). When it comes to which surgical treatment to choose, microvascular decompression (MVD) or Gamma Knife surgery (GKS), we should know the long-term outcome of each treatment. METHODS: We analyzed 179 patients undergoing MVD and 52 patients undergoing GKS followed for 1 year or longer. We evaluated the patient's neurological status including pain relief, complications and recurrence...
September 14, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900321/pattern-of-adverse-drug-reactions-to-anticancer-drugs-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis
#7
Shruti Singh, D C Dhasmana, Manisha Bisht, Prashant Kumar Singh
INTRODUCTION: Anticancer drugs contribute significantly to the global burden of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Any attempt to quantify their magnitude and provide upgraded knowledge would help oncologists in writing safer prescriptions. AIM: This observational follow-up study was conducted on newly diagnosed cancer patients receiving anticancer therapy with an aim to determine the frequency, severity, causality, predictability, and preventability of ADRs. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The patients were followed up for 6 months for the appearance of adverse events...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899831/acquired-chiari-i-malformation-with-syringomyelia-secondary-to-colloid-cyst-with-hydrocephalus-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Amit Kumar Thotakura, Nageswara R Marabathina
INTRODUCTION: Acquired Chiari malformation and associated syringomyelia have been previously described following lumbar puncture/drainage, lumboperitoneal shunts, and spontaneous CSF leakage. In addition to these etiologies, space-occupying lesions such as meningiomas, epidermoid cysts, medulloblastomas, and arachnoid cysts are rare causes of acquired Chiari malformation and syringomyelia. We report a rare case of colloid cyst with hydrocephalus causing secondary Chiari malformation with syringomyelia...
September 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899572/hypoglossal-nerve-palsy-in-the-course-of-dissection-of-the-internal-carotid-arteries-case-reports
#9
Magdalena Torbus-Paluszczak, Sebastian Mucha, Maciej Wawrzyńczyk, Krystyna Pierzchała, Wojciech Bartman, Monika Adamczyk-Sowa
Internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) has become an increasingly recognized cause of cerebrovascular accidents in young and middle-aged patients. We report 2 cases of hypoglossal nerve palsy in the course of dissection of the internal carotid arteries. The first patient was admitted to the Department of Neurology due to swallowing difficulty, speech articulation disorders and numbness of the right half of the tongue for 4 weeks. Extracranial vessel ultrasound (US) and transcranial colour Doppler (TCD) visualized thrombus causing occlusion of the right internal carotid artery (RICA)...
August 30, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890232/complete-progressive-ophthalmoplegia-and-numb-chin-syndrome-the-first-clinical-manifestations-of-a-lethal-abdominal-burkitt-lymphoma
#10
Smaranda Maier, Rodica Bălaşa, Zoltan Bajko, Iunius Simu, Emoke Horvath
A 57-year-old patient was admitted to the Neurology Clinic for hypoesthesia, intense pain in the right chin and double vision. During the hospitalization, the patient developed progressive complete bilateral ophthalmoplegia and numbness of both sides of the chin. Brain CT and MRI scans with gadolinium were normal. Standard laboratory tests on admission were normal. The cerebral spinal fluid examination and the infectious and autoimmune workup were also normal. A thoracic-abdominal and pelvic CT scan revealed two hypodense lesions in the liver, irregular thickening of the gastric and ileal wall, and multiple abdominal adenopathies...
August 18, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887080/a-rare-case-of-metastatic-extramammary-paget-disease-of-the-spine-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
A Karim Ahmed, C Rory Goodwin, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Doreen Nguyen, Daniel M Sciubba
Extramammary Paget disease is an intraepithelial neoplasm affecting cells rich in apocrine glands-often located in the vulvar, scrotal, or perianal region. It typically affects older patients, between the ages of 50 and 80years old, and is most often limited to the epidermis. A 47-year-old Asian male first presented with enlargement of the right inguinal lymph node. A subsequent biopsy revealed extrammamary Paget disease of the scrotum. The patient eventually developed significant worsening back pain with bilateral lower extremity numbness and weakness three months later...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884905/macrodystrophia-lipomatosa
#12
Tyler Willenbrink, Lindsay Thelin, Gregory Connor, Lucia Diaz
Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is an exceedingly rare overgrowth of mesenchymal and fibroadipose tissue manifesting as a form of gigantism affecting one or more digits on the distal upper or lower extremities. We present a 25-year-old man who presented with overgrowth of the right hand associated with occasional pain, numbness, and limited function who was found to have macrodystrophia lipomatosa with fibrolipomatous hamartoma of the median nerve. Reports of this condition are limited in the dermatology literature, and early recognition can lead to better outcomes...
September 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883773/emotional-profile-of-women-victims-of-domestic-violence
#13
Esmina Avdibegovic, Maja Brkic, Osman Sinanovic
INTRODUCTION: Research indicates that women victims of domestic violence show significant cognitive changes, emotional numbing, and avoidance of interpersonal relationships. AIM: The aim of this research was to analyze emotional profile of women victims of domestic violence, and to determine the relationship between dimensions of emotions and frequency of women exposure to domestic violence. METHODS: The research was conducted on the sample of 169 women, 111 were victims of domestic violence and 58 were women who did not experience domestic violence...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880989/blepharitis-with-facial-numbness-and-ocular-pain
#14
Jennifer C Fan Gaskin, Caroline O L Wong, Brent J Gaskin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879337/hemodynamic-changes-and-pain-perception-related-anxiety-after-experiencing-an-impacted-tooth-removal-clinical-practice-outcome
#15
Somchart Raocharernporn, Kiatanant Boonsiriseth, Manop Khanijou, Natthamet Wongsirichat
BACKGROUND: Dental fear is usually associated with hemodynamic changes. Fear of pain during the surgical removal of a lower impacted third molar might cause patients anxiety, thereby leading to avoidance of any future dental therapy. This study aimed to determine the effect of experiencing a surgical impacted-tooth removal on the pain perception-related anxiety and hemodynamic status. METHODS: Twenty-seven healthy patients aged 15-30 years (mean age, 24 years), for whom surgical removal of bilateral lower third molars was advised, were included...
June 2017: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872568/a-teenager-with-seizures-and-cardiac-arrest-after-drug-overdose-are-we-numb-to-the-danger
#16
Matthew Szadkowski, Zachary Drapkin, Hilary Hewes, E Martin Caravati, Jennifer Plumb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872336/differential-effects-of-rejection-and-acceptance-on-feeling-shocked-numb-and-neutral
#17
Jonathan M Gallegos, Karen Gasper
According to the numbness hypothesis, rejection may not result in negative affect, but rather create several "nonvalenced" feelings, including feeling shocked, neutral, and numb. These feelings are hypothesized to lessen the extent to which people respond emotionally to various situations (emotional responsiveness). This project investigates (a) whether rejection produces these rarely assessed "nonvalenced" states, (b) to what extent these states are similar to one another and not negative, and (c) whether these states account for rejected individuals' lack of emotional responsiveness...
September 4, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871126/mdm2-contributes-to-high-glucose-induced-glomerular-mesangial-cell-proliferation-and-extracellular-matrix-accumulation-via-notch1
#18
Chun-Tao Lei, Hui Tang, Chen Ye, Chao-Qun You, Jiao Zhang, Chun-Yun Zhang, Wei Xiong, Hua Su, Chun Zhang
Murine double minute 2 (MDM2) is an E3-ubiquitin ligase critical for various biological functions. Previous data have revealed an indispensable role of MDM2 in kidney homeostasis. However, its role in glomerular mesangial cell (GMC) proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation during hyperglycemia condition remains unclear. In our present study, we found that MDM2 protein level was significantly upregulated in high glucose-treated GMCs, while knocking down MDM2 by siRNA could attenuate high glucose-induced ECM accumulation and GMCs proliferation...
September 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870204/left-atrial-myxoma-complicated-with-multi-system-embolization
#19
Ren-Dan Zhang, Zhi-Huan Zeng, Jian-Yi Zheng, Tu-Di Li, Yan-Qun Zhao, Yu-Hong Liu, Yu-Si Yao
BACKGROUND: Atrial myxoma accounts for approximately 50% of all cardiac tumors. The majority of myxomas are located in the left atrium and present variable clinical manifestation. CASE PRESENTATION: A young man was transferred to our hospital with sudden onset of resting pain, pallor and numb in right leg. An atrial mobile mass was detected by transthoracic echocardiography. Anticoagulant and antithrombotic therapy were administered, a timely surgery was performed and the mass was confirmed as a myxoma...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869700/efficacy-of-amc-dcba-lozenges-for-sore-throat-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Gesine Weckmann, Anke Hauptmann-Voß, Sebastian E Baumeister, Christine Klötzer, Jean-François Chenot
BACKGROUND: Lozenges containing Amylmetacresol and 2,4-Dichlorobenzylalcohol (AMC/DCBA, eg Strepsils(®) ) are marketed as a remedy for acute sore throat. This over-the-counter formulation has antiseptic and local anaesthetic qualities. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of AMC/DCBA for the relief of pain associated with acute uncomplicated sore throat. METHODS: A systematic review of Literature was conducted using databases Medline, Embase and Cochrane to identify randomised controlled trials comparing AMC/DCBA against placebo or alternative local treatment options for acute uncomplicated sore throat...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
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