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Antonio Rodriguez-Nicolas, Alba Martínez-Chamorro, Pilar Jiménez, Ana M Matas-Cobos, Eduardo Redondo-Cerezo, Francisco Ruiz-Cabello
OBJECTIVES: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is severe in up to 20% of patients, with a high mortality rate. Quantification of serum TH1 and TH2 cytokines may provide objective evidence to assess the severity of AP and predict its course. METHODS: One hundred seventeen patients were studied, measuring serum concentrations of interleukin (IL)1β, IL2, IL4, IL5, IL6, IL10, IL12p70, IL13, IL18, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interferon (IFN) γ, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α...
April 2018: Pancreas
Matej Završnik, Jernej Letonja, Jana Makuc, Maja Šeruga, Ines Cilenšek, Daniel Petrovič
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a microvascular complication that affects up to 40% of diabetic patients and can lead to end-stage kidney disease. Inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 1 (IL-1), IL-6, IL-18 and tumor necrosis factor-α have been linked to the development and progression of DN. The aim of our study was to examine the relationship between rs2243250 polymorphism of the interleukin 4 gene (IL4) and DN in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study is a continuation of our previous research on the association between angiotensinogen (AGT) gene polymorphisms and DN in patients with T2DM...
March 7, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Celeste Trejo Moreno, Gabriela Castro Martínez, Marisol Méndez Martínez, Jesús Enrique Jiménez Ferrer, José Pedraza Chaverri, Gerardo Arrellín, Alejandro Zamilpa, Omar Noel Medina Campos, Galia Lombardo Earl, Gerardo Joel Barrita Cruz, Beatriz Hernández, Christian Carlos Ramírez, María Angélica Santana, Gladis Fragoso, Gabriela Rosas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: A recent ethnomedical survey on medicinal plants grown in Mexico revealed that Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. (Cucurbitaceae) is one of the most valued plant species to treat cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension. Fruits, young leaves, buds, stems, and tuberous roots of the plant are edible. Considering that endothelial dysfunction induced by Angiotensin II plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension and is accompanied by a prooxidative condition, which in turn induces an inflammatory state, vascular remodeling, and tissue damage, and that S...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Paweł P Wołkow, Anna Gębska, Ryszard Korbut
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a crucial role in the development of adaptive immune response. Monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDCs) are generated in vitro to study DC biology and for use in immunotherapy. However, procedures to generate MDDCs vary and an impact this may have on their final phenotype is insufficiently studied. Monocytes isolated from healthy blood donors were cultured for 7 days with granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (50 ng/mL) and low (500 IU/mL, L-IL4) or high (1000 IU/mL, H-IL4) interleukin 4 (IL4), to obtain immature DCs and for the following 2 days with addition of soluble CD40 ligand (500 ng/mL) and prostaglandin E2 (1 μg/mL) to obtain mature DCs...
February 28, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Toshiaki Ono, Yuriko Fujita, Tetsuro Matano, Satoshi Takahashi, Tomohiro Morio, Ai Kawana-Tachikawa
Adoptive transfer of virus-specific T cells has emerged as a promising therapeutic approach for treatment of virus infections in immunocompromised hosts. Characterization of virus-specific T cells provides essential information for the curative mechanism of the treatment. In this study, we developed a T cell epitope mapping system for 718 overlapping peptides spanning 6 viral proteins from three viruses (pp65 and IE1 from CMV; LMP1, EBNA1 and BZLF1 from EBV; Penton from AdV). PBMCs from 33 healthy Japanese donors were stimulated with these peptides and virus-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell were expanded in vitro in the presence of IL4 and IL7...
February 28, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Omar M Rahal, Adam R Wolfe, Pijus K Mandal, Richard Larson, Sanda Tin, Cristina Jimenez, Dadong Zhang, Janet Horton, James M Reuben, John S McMurray, Wendy A Woodward
PURPOSE: To determine the role of macrophage polarization on the response of inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) cells to radiation and whether modulation of macrophage plasticity can alter radiation response. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The human THP-1 monocyte cell line and primary human monocytes isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells were differentiated into macrophages and polarized to either an "antitumor" (M1) or a "protumor" (M2) phenotype...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Sarah E J Chambers, Christina L O'Neill, Jasenka Guduric-Fuchs, Kiran J McLoughlin, Aaron Liew, Aoife M Egan, Timothy O'Brien, Alan W Stitt, Reinhold J Medina
Myeloid angiogenic cells (MACs) promote revascularization through the paracrine release of angiogenic factors and have been harnessed as therapeutic cells for many ischemic diseases. However, their proangiogenic properties have been suggested to be diminished in diabetes. This study investigates how the diabetic milieu affects the immunophenotype and function of MACs. Both MACs isolated from diabetic conditions and healthy cells exposed to a diabetic environment were used to determine the potential of MACs as a cell therapy for diabetic-related ischemia...
February 27, 2018: Stem Cells
Sofia P Rebelo, Catarina Pinto, Tatiana R Martins, Nathalie Harrer, Marta F Estrada, Pablo Loza-Alvarez, José Cabeçadas, Paula M Alves, Emilio J Gualda, Wolfgang Sommergruber, Catarina Brito
The tumour microenvironment (TME) shapes disease progression and influences therapeutic response. Most aggressive solid tumours have high levels of myeloid cell infiltration, namely tumour associated macrophages (TAM). Recapitulation of the interaction between the different cellular players of the TME, along with the extracellular matrix (ECM), is critical for understanding the mechanisms underlying disease progression. This particularly holds true for prediction of therapeutic response(s) to standard therapies and interrogation of efficacy of TME-targeting agents...
May 2018: Biomaterials
Sandeep Kumar Dash, Manoj Kumar, Jag Mohan Kataria, Shanmugasundaram Nagarajan, Chakradhar Tosh, Harshad V Murugkar, K Rajukumar, S Kalaiyarasu, D Senthil Kumar, Diwakar D Kulkarni
Herein, the induction of TLRs and cytokines in chickens pre-exposed to low pathogenic avian influenza H9N2 virus followed by challenge with highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus was studied. Four groups (1-4) of chickens inoculated with 106 EID50 of H9N2 virus were challenged with 106 EID50 of H5N1 virus on days 1, 3, 7 and 14 post H9N2 inoculation, respectively. In groups (1-4) TLRs and cytokines induction was studied in chicken PBMCs on day 3 post H5N1 challenge. In H5N1 control group TLRs (1, 2, 5 and 7) cytokines (IFNα, IFNβ, IFNγ, IL1β, IL2, IL4, IL8 and TGF β3) were down regulated...
February 21, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Sajad Ahmad Wani, Amit Ranjan Sahu, Shikha Saxena, Kaushal Kishor Rajak, M Saminathan, Aditya Prasad Sahoo, Sonam Kanchan, Aruna Pandey, Bina Mishra, D Muthuchelvan, Ashok Kumar Tiwari, Bishnu Prasad Mishra, Raj Kumar Singh, Ravi Kumar Gandham
Here, we studied the in vivo expression of Th1 (IL2 and IFN gamma) and Th2 (IL4 and IL10) - cytokines and antiviral molecules - IRF3 and ISG15 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in relation to antigen and antibody dynamics under Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) vaccination, infection and challenge in both sheep and goats. Vaccinated goats were seropositive by 9 days post vaccination (dpv) while in sheep idiosyncratic response was observed between 9 and 14 dpv for different animals. Expression of PPRV N gene was not detected in PBMCs of vaccinated and vaccinated challenged groups of both species, but was detected in unvaccinated infected PBMCs at 9 and 14 days post infection...
February 21, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Emna Ayari-Fakhfakh, Abdeljelil Ghram, Emmanuel Albina, Catherine Cêtre-Sossah
The mosquito-borne Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) causes severe diseases in domesticated animals including cattle, sheep, camels and goats. Capripoxviruses (CPV) are suitable vectors for multivalent vaccine development. A recombinant rKS1-based CPV expressing the gene encoding the viral glycoprotein Gn of RVFV has been shown to induce protection in mice and sheep. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunogenicity induced by this candidate vaccine in goats, and the level of cytokines produced by RVFV-specific Th1 and Th2 lymphocytes...
March 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Magambo Phillip Kimuda, Harry Noyes, Julius Mulindwa, John Enyaru, Vincent Pius Alibu, Issa Sidibe, Dieuodonne Mumba Ngoyi, Christiane Hertz-Fowler, Annette MacLeod, Özlem Tastan Bishop, Enock Matovu
BACKGROUND: Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) manifests as an acute form caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (Tbr) and a chronic form caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (Tbg). Previous studies have suggested a host genetic role in infection outcomes, particularly for APOL1. We have undertaken candidate gene association studies (CGAS) in a Ugandan Tbr and a Tbg HAT endemic area, to determine whether polymorphisms in IL10, IL8, IL4, HLAG, TNFA, TNX4LB, IL6, IFNG, MIF, APOL1, HLAA, IL1B, IL4R, IL12B, IL12R, HP, HPR, and CFH have a role in HAT...
February 22, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Amit Sandhu, Shabeer Ahmad, Prabhdeep Kaur, Archana Bhatnagar, Veena Dhawan, Varun Dhir
Rheumatoid arthritis is considered a T-lymphocyte-mediated disease. However, studies have focussed on CD4 T-lymphocytes, ignoring CD8 T-lymphocytes despite the latter being found abundantly in the synovium. Specifically, there is little data of the effect of methotrexate, the gold-standard DMARD, on various CD8 cytokine T-lymphocyte subsets and conflicting data on CD4 subsets. In this prospective study, patients with active rheumatoid arthritis, who were 18 to 65 years of age, were treated with methotrexate (up to 25 mg per week) for 24 weeks...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Ian N Hines, Michael Kremer, Sherri M Moore, Michael D Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPARα), a regulator of enzymes involved in β oxidation, has been reported to influence lymphocyte activation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PPARα plays a role in T cell-mediated hepatitis induced by Concanavalin A (ConA). METHODS: Wild type (wt) or PPARα-deficient (PPARα -/- ) mice were treated with ConA (15 mg/kg) by intravenous injection 0, 10 or 24 h prior to sacrifice and serum and tissue collection for analysis of tissue injury, cytokine response, T cell activation and characterization...
February 15, 2018: Biological Research
Jiangping Song, Xiao Chen, Liang Cheng, Man Rao, Kai Chen, Ningning Zhang, Jian Meng, Mengmeng Li, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Ping-Chang Yang
Background and aims: The aberrant immune responses play a critical role in the pathogenesis of myocarditis. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) has immune regulatory functions. This study aims to investigate the role of VDR in the restricting the immune inflammation in the heart. Methods: The human heart samples were obtained from the heart transplantation. T helper (Th)2 and Th1 responses in the heart tissue were characterized by histology and immune assay. VDR-/- mice and Rag2-/- mice were used in the experiments to test the role of VDR in the maintaining the homeostasis in the heart...
February 12, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
Anja Sophie Schmid, Diana Tintor, Dario Neri
Neutrophils can strongly influence disease activity in cancer and in chronic inflammation. Here, we report for the first time the construction and characterization of antibody-fusion proteins featuring granulocyte-colony stimulating factor and interleukin-3 as payloads capable of enhancing neutrophil activity and a novel antibody-interleukin-4 fusion protein with neutrophil inhibitory potential. We used the F8 antibody specific to the alternatively-spliced extra domain A (EDA) of fibronectin as a targeting agent, since the cognate antigen is strongly upregulated in diseases characterized by angiogenesis...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
Wei Zhang, Chen Niu, Rui-Yang Fu, Zheng-Yu Peng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expression of genes encoding SR proteinsand alternative splicing of IL4 and TLR4 in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) H37Rv-infected macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: THP-1 cells were induced to differentiate into macrophages with 200 nM PMA, and H37Rv strains were used for macrophage infection. After RNA extraction, qRT-PCR was performed to evaluate the expression of many SR proteins as well as the alternative splicing of IL4 and TLR4...
February 13, 2018: Bioengineered
Mahshid Salehi, Rahman Abdizadeh, Batoul Pourgheysari, Behnam Zamanzad, Amin Soltani, Abolfazl Gholipour, Reza Heidari
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is still considered one of the unsolved problems for the World Health Organization Identifying and selecting an immunogenic antigen capable of generating specific immune responses is generally the goal of all studies being carried out in to designing new vaccines. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to evaluate the immunogenicity of a M. tuberculosis recombinant protein which exist in the regions of the bacterium genome and may be an immunogenic protein. Immunogenicity of purified proteins was measured by PBMC and mouse spleen lymphocytes culturing methods using ELISA after an appropriate amount of time of incubation with Recombinant cytochrome P450 CYP141 protein...
February 7, 2018: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
David Chiang, Xintong Chen, Stacie M Jones, Robert A Wood, Scott H Sicherer, A Wesley Burks, Donald Y M Leung, Charuta Agashe, Alexander Grishin, Peter Dawson, Wendy F Davidson, Leah Newman, Robert Sebra, Miriam Merad, Hugh A Sampson, Bojan Losic, M Cecilia Berin
BACKGROUND: The contribution of phenotypic variation of peanut-specific T cells to clinical allergy or tolerance to peanut is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to comprehensively phenotype peanut-specific T cells in the peripheral blood of individuals with and without peanut allergy (PA). METHODS: We obtained samples from PA individuals, including a cohort undergoing baseline peanut challenges for an immunotherapy trial (CoFAR6)...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Anna Sangil Betriu, María J Arranz, Roberto Güerri-Fernández, Maite Perez, Helena Monzon, Antoni Payeras, Marta Andres, Jorge Torviso, Laura Ibañez, Javier Garau, Esther Calbo
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of IPD remains unknown, especially among middle-aged individuals without risk factors (WRF). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) within key genes involved in innate immune response on IPD susceptibility. METHODS: Forty-three SNPs within 10 immunological genes were investigated in a cohort of 144 Caucasian IPD patients and 280 ethnically matched controls...
January 30, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
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