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Cast syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443234/plastic-bronchitis-an-unusual-complication-of-acute-chest-syndrome-in-adult
#1
Sarah Feray, Pierre Mora, Maxens Decavele, Tài Pham, El Mahdi Hafiani, Muriel Fartoukh
Plastic bronchitis is used to designate endobronchial plugs of rubber-like consistency that form into bronchial trees. It has been described in several diseases like asthma, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary infection, cyanotic congenital heart disease and in few young children with homozygous sickle cell disease. We report the first sickle cell adult case of plastic bronchitis during acute chest syndrome. He developed severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. This unusual presentation related to obstruction by voluminous casts may alert physicians to focus more on the bronchi in sickle cell patients...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436375/evaluation-of-treatment-of-low-energy-distal-radial-fractures-in-postmenopausal-women
#2
Mariusz Tomaszuk, Jan Kiryluk, Andrzej Tomaszuk, Janusz Popko
BACKGROUND: Distal radial fractures are one of the most common injuries seen in traumatology. Most are treated conservatively with closed reduction and immobilisation in a plaster cast. However, this method does not always allow for achieving and maintaining normal fracture reduction in unstable fractures. The aim of this study was assess clinical and radiographic outcomes of treatment of distal radial fractures depending on the method used. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 77 postmenopausal female subjects were divided into three subgroups, depending on the treatment methods: 1...
January 26, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400421/kidney-outcomes-and-risk-factors-for-nephritis-flare-de-novo-in-a-multiethnic-cohort-of-pregnant-patients-with-lupus
#3
Jill P Buyon, Mimi Y Kim, Marta M Guerra, Sifan Lu, Emily Reeves, Michelle Petri, Carl A Laskin, Michael D Lockshin, Lisa R Sammaritano, D Ware Branch, T Flint Porter, Allen Sawitzke, Joan T Merrill, Mary D Stephenson, Elisabeth Cohn, Jane E Salmon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Kidney disease is a critical concern in counseling patients with lupus considering pregnancy. This study sought to assess the risk of renal flares during pregnancy in women with previous lupus nephritis in partial or complete remission, particularly in those with antidouble-stranded DNA antibodies and low complement levels, and the risk of new-onset nephritis in patients with stable/mildly active SLE. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We assessed active nephritis (renal flares and de novo kidney disease) and associated predictors during pregnancy in patients with lupus with urine protein ≤1000 mg and serum creatinine <1...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358814/dysfunctions-of-the-basal-ganglia-cerebellar-thalamo-cortical-system-produce-motor-tics-in-tourette-syndrome
#4
Daniele Caligiore, Francesco Mannella, Michael A Arbib, Gianluca Baldassarre
Motor tics are a cardinal feature of Tourette syndrome and are traditionally associated with an excess of striatal dopamine in the basal ganglia. Recent evidence increasingly supports a more articulated view where cerebellum and cortex, working closely in concert with basal ganglia, are also involved in tic production. Building on such evidence, this article proposes a computational model of the basal ganglia-cerebellar-thalamo-cortical system to study how motor tics are generated in Tourette syndrome. In particular, the model: (i) reproduces the main results of recent experiments about the involvement of the basal ganglia-cerebellar-thalamo-cortical system in tic generation; (ii) suggests an explanation of the system-level mechanisms underlying motor tic production: in this respect, the model predicts that the interplay between dopaminergic signal and cortical activity contributes to triggering the tic event and that the recently discovered basal ganglia-cerebellar anatomical pathway may support the involvement of the cerebellum in tic production; (iii) furnishes predictions on the amount of tics generated when striatal dopamine increases and when the cortex is externally stimulated...
March 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278134/limited-open-quadriceps-release-for-treatment-of-congenital-dislocation-of-the-knee
#5
Ahmed Omar Youssef
BACKGROUND: Congenital dislocation of the knee (CDK) is a rare condition for which the treatment is difficult and remains controversial. The aim of this case series is to evaluate the results of limited open quadriceps release for treatment of CDK. METHODS: Sixteen patients with CDK were managed at our institute from May 2006 to May 2014, and included 10 boys and 6 girls, with a mean age at presentation of 5 weeks (range, 1 to16 wk). Three patients who had an underlying neuromuscular syndrome were excluded...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277466/early-results-of-surgical-management-of-camptodactyly
#6
Brady T Evans, Peter M Waters, Donald S Bae
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that surgery for moderate-to-severe camptodactyly (>50 degrees) results in modest gains in range of motion and improved digital position. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing surgery for camptodactyly at a tertiary children's hospital between 2000 and 2014 was performed. Surgery was indicated for patients with persistent, functionally limiting flexion contractures despite observation, therapy, and splinting. Data were collected on demographics, clinical history and presentation, nonoperative management, surgery, and clinical follow-up, focusing on range of motion at the involved joint...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255548/rapunzel-syndrome-is-not-just-a-mere-surgical-problem-a-case-report-and-review-of-current-management
#7
Obinna Obinwa, David Cooper, Faraz Khan, James M O'Riordan
Recurrent Rapunzel syndrome (RRS) is a rare clinical presentation with fewer than six cases reported in the PubMed literature. A report of RRS and literature review is presented. A 25-year-old female was admitted to hospital with a 4-wk history of epigastric pain and swelling. She had a known history of trichophagia with a previous admission for Rapunzel syndrome requiring a laparotomy nine years earlier, aged 16. Psychological treatment had been successfully achieved for nine years with outpatient hypnotherapy sessions only, but she defaulted on her last session due to stressors at home...
February 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240727/under-pressure-the-utility-of-spacers-in-univalved-fiberglass-casts
#8
Kevin Kleis, John A Schlechter, Joshua D Doan, Christine L Farnsworth, Eric W Edmonds
BACKGROUND: Univalving fiberglass casts after fracture manipulation or extremity surgery reduces the risk of developing compartment syndrome (CS). Previous experiments have demonstrated that univalving decreases intracompartmental pressures (ICPs), but increases the risk for loss of fracture reduction due to altering the mechanical properties of the cast. The purpose of this study was to correlate cast valve width within a univalved cast model to decreasing ICP. METHODS: Saline bags (1 L) were covered with stockinette, Webril, and fiberglass tape then connected to an arterial pressure line monitor...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220182/retrospective-25-year-follow-up-of-treatment-outcomes-in-angle-class-iii-patients-early-versus-late-treatment
#9
B Wendl, A P Muchitsch, H Winsauer, A Walter, H Droschl, N Jakse, M Wendl, T Wendl
OBJECTIVES: To assess early versus late treatment of Class III syndrome for skeletal and dental differences. METHODS: Thirty-eight Class III patients treated with a chincup were retrospectively analyzed. Baseline data were obtained by reviewing pretreatment (T0) anamnestic records, cephalograms, and casts. The cases were assigned to an early or a late treatment group based on age at T0 (up to 9 years or older than 9 years but before the pubertal growth spurt)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218557/scandcleft-randomised-trials-of-primary-surgery-for-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-7-occlusion-in-5-year-olds-according-to-the-huddart-and-bodenham-index
#10
Agneta Karsten, Agneta Marcusson, Kirsti Hurmerinta, Arja Heliövaara, Annelise Küseler, Pål Skaare, Haydn Bellardie, Elisabeth Rønning, William Shaw, Kirsten Mølsted, Paul Sæle, Eli Brinck, Sara Rizell, Midia Najal Chalier, Philip Eyres, Gunvor Semb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Good dentofacial development and good occlusion are main goals in the treatment of UCLP. The aim was to evaluate dental occlusion at age 5 years with the Huddart and Bodenham index after four different protocols of primary surgery for UCLP. DESIGN: Three parallel randomised controlled trials were undertaken as an international multicentre study by 10 cleft teams in five countries: Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Norway, and the UK. METHODS: Three different surgical procedures for primary palatal repair (Arms B, C, and D) were tested against a common procedure (Arm A) in the total cohort of 448 children born with non-syndromic UCLP...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204847/retrospective-25-year-follow-up-of-treatment-outcomes-in-angle-class-iii-patients-success-versus-failure
#11
Brigitte Wendl, A Kamenica, H Droschl, N Jakse, F Weiland, T Wendl, M Wendl
OBJECTIVES: Despite recommendations for early treatment of hereditary Angle Class III syndrome, late pubertal growth may cause a relapse requiring surgical intervention. This study was performed to identify predictors of successful Class III treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight Class III patients treated with a chincup were retrospectively analyzed. Data were collected from the data archive, cephalograms, and casts, including pretreatment (T0) and posttreatment (T1) data, as well as long-term follow-up data collected approximately 25 years after treatment (T2)...
March 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196283/detection-of-human-parvovirus-b19-dna-in-22-of-1-815-cutaneous-biopsies-of-a-wide-variety-of-dermatologic-conditions-suggests-viral-persistence-after-primary-infection-and-casts-doubts-on-its-pathogenic-significance
#12
C Santonja, A Santos-Briz, G Palmedo, H Kutzner, L Requena
BACKGROUND: Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) has been associated with a number of dermatologic and systemic conditions, including myocarditis and autoimmune syndromes. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of B19V deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) detection in a large dermatopathology practice, and to characterize the histopathologic patterns involved. METHODS: We selected for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of B19V a total of 1,815 skin biopsies pertaining to entities allegedly related to Parvovirus B19, as well as cases suspected clinically of representing paraviral exanthemas...
February 14, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182051/warfarin-related-acute-kidney-injury-a-case-report
#13
S Mendonca, D Gupta, A Valsan, R Tewari
Warfarin is an oral anticoagulant used extensively in clinical practice; However, its side-effect of causing renal damage has been recently detected. The mechanism leading to renal damage is glomerular hemorrhage and red blood cell tubular casts prothrombin time. Recently, it was found that warfarin causes renal damage in patients with chronic kidney disease and is also associated with progression of renal disease. Warfarin causing acute kidney injury in patients with normal renal function is a rare manifestation...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181393/blepharocheilodontic-bcd-syndrome-new-insights-on-craniofacial-and-dental-features
#14
Wael Awadh, Anu Kiukkonen, Pekka Nieminen, Sirpa Arte, Kirsti Hurmerinta, David P Rice
Blepharocheilodontic (BCD) syndrome is a rare condition characterized by bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), eyelid abnormalities, and oligodontia. Despite orofacial clefting and oligodontia being central features of the condition, detailed reports of dental and craniofacial characteristics are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyze the dental and craniofacial features in a group of patients with BCD syndrome (three of which were related). Cephalometric radiographic analyses were performed on BCD syndrome patients (all radiographs taken at age 8 years) and compared to 40 randomly selected age-matched controls (20 non-syndromic BCLP, 20 non-cleft)...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178095/clubfoot-and-tethered-cord-syndrome-results-of-treatment-with-the-ponseti-method
#15
Trevor Jackson, Alexander Jones, Nancy Miller, Gaia Georgopoulos
BACKGROUND: The Ponseti technique has demonstrated high success rates worldwide for the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot. The purpose of this study was to determine whether clubfoot associated with tethered cord syndrome (TCS) was more resistant to Ponseti treatment than isolated clubfoot. METHODS: An IRB-approved retrospective cohort study of subjects undergoing Ponseti treatment of clubfoot between 2002 and 2013 was conducted. Subjects with TCS were matched to subjects with isolated clubfoot (1:2) on the basis of laterality, date of birth, sex, and age at presentation...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177984/treatment-of-syndrome-associated-congenital-talipes-equinovarus-using-the-ponseti-method-4-12-years-of-follow-up
#16
Hosam E Matar, Daoud Makki, Neeraj K Garg
to evaluate the effectiveness of the Ponseti method in treating syndrome-associated (nonidiopathic) congenital talipes equinovarus. This was a retrospective consecutive review over a 12-year period in a tertiary centre of all patients with syndrome-associated talipes equinovarus treated with the Ponseti method. The primary outcome measure at the final follow-up was the functional correction of the deformity. There were 16 (28 feet) children, with an average follow-up of 7 years (range: 4-12). The average age at presentation was 6...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131945/design-and-optimization-of-a-novel-implantation-technology-in-contact-lenses-for-the-treatment-of-dry-eye-syndrome-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#17
Furqan A Maulvi, Anjum A Shaikh, Dhara H Lakdawala, Ankita R Desai, Mihir M Pandya, Sulabh S Singhania, Rutvi J Vaidya, Ketan M Ranch, Bhavin A Vyas, Dinesh O Shah
Contact lenses are widely used for ophthalmic drug delivery, but incorporation of drug or formulation in the contact lenses affects its optical and physical property. In the present study, we have designed a novel hyaluronic acid (HA)-laden ring implant contact lenses (modified cast moulding method), to circumvent the changes in critical lens property. The objective was to improve the ocular residence time of HA, by providing sustained ocular HA delivery through implant contact lenses for the treatment of dry eye syndrome...
January 25, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118300/early-application-of-the-ponseti-casting-technique-for-clubfoot-correction-in-sick-infants-at-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#18
Ehud Lebel, Eliraz Weinberg, Tamar M Berenstein-Weyel, Ruben Bromiker
The treatment of congenital clubfoot has been changing rapidly since the mid-1990s with the worldwide use of the Ponseti method for serial casting and limited operative interventions. This method was first applied for isolated clubfeet and later on for other types of clubfoot (teratologic, residual, and neurogenic). Premature babies sustaining clubfoot commonly suffer from additional congenital and acquired medical problems. These may postpone clubfoot management until urgent issues are resolved. The current study describes early initiation of treatment of clubfoot in premature babies at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and their outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109116/aminoaciduria-caused-by-fanconi-syndrome-in-a-heifer
#19
N Cesbron, L Dorso, A-L Royer, G Dervilly-Pinel, J Hervé
A case study of renal tubular dysfunction consistent with idiopathic Fanconi syndrome is reported in an 18-month-old Holstein heifer. The clinical, biochemical, and histopathological features are described. The heifer had clinical signs of growth retardation, wasting, and persistent diarrhea. Biochemical blood analysis identified hypokalemia, hyponatremia, and hypochloremia. Urinalysis identified glycosuria, proteinuria, and acidic pH. Histological examination of the kidney disclosed mild tubular necrosis with proteinaceous casts in the lumina of renal tubules...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101590/-minimally-invasive-treatment-of-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-with-the-2%C3%A2-point-distractor
#20
G Mattiassich, W Litzlbauer, M Ponschab, R Ortmaier, C Rodemund
OBJECTIVE: Open treatment of calcaneus fractures often has an increased risk of wound healing. Minimally invasive treatment with small incisions reduces complications. INDICATIONS: Calcaneal fractures with malalignment/comminution >1-2 mm; broadening, varus alignment of the calcaneal length axis or shortening; emergency surgery for open fractures or compartment syndrome. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Local or general contraindications. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Standardised positioning; restoration of length/axis with 2‑point distractor under fluoroscopic control...
January 18, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
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