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Amy G Bryant, Jonas J Swartz
Crisis pregnancy centers are organizations that seek to intercept women with unintended pregnancies who might be considering abortion. Their mission is to prevent abortions by persuading women that adoption or parenting is a better option. They strive to give the impression that they are clinical centers, offering legitimate medical services and advice, yet they are exempt from regulatory, licensure, and credentialing oversight that apply to health care facilities. Because the religious ideology of these centers' owners and employees takes priority over the health and well-being of the women seeking care at these centers, women do not receive comprehensive, accurate, evidence-based clinical information about all available options...
March 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
Jose Francois, Jeffrey Sisler, Stephanie Mowat
BACKGROUND: The Manitoba Physician Achievement Review (MPAR) is a 360-degree feedback assessment that physicians undergo every 7 years to retain licensure. Deliberate reflection on feedback has been demonstrated to encourage practice change. The MPAR Reflection Exercise (RE), a peer-assisted debriefing tool, was developed whereby the physician selects a peer with whom to review and reflect on feedback, committing to change. This qualitative study explores how physicians who had undergone the MPAR used the RE, what areas of change are identified and committed to, and what they perceived as the role of reflection in the MPAR process...
March 14, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Veena Hoffman, Remon Abu-Elyazeed, Cheryl Enger, Daina B Esposito, Michael C Doherty, Scott C Quinlan, Kathleen Skerry, Crystal N Holick, Peter Basile, Leonard R Friedland, Nicolas Praet, Stéphanie Wéry, Corinne Willame, David D Dore, Dominique Rosillon
As part of a regulatory commitment for post-licensure safety monitoring of live, oral human rotavirus vaccine (RV1), this study compared the incidence rates (IR) of intussusception, acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) hospitalization, Kawasaki disease, convulsion, and mortality in RV1 recipients versus inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) recipients in concurrent (cIPV) and recent historical (hIPV) comparison cohorts. Vaccine recipients were identified in 2 claims databases from August 2008 - June 2013 (RV1 and cIPV) and January 2004 - July 2008 (hIPV)...
March 13, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
D Y W Chan, W J Edmunds, H L Chan, V Chan, Y C K Lam, S L Thomas, A J van Hoek, S Flasche
In Hong Kong, universal varicella vaccination started in July 2014. Before this, children could receive varicella vaccine via the private market. We analysed the epidemiology of varicella and zoster before universal vaccination. We estimated varicella vaccination coverage through surveys in preschool children. We estimated the burden of varicella and zoster with varicella notifications from 1999/00 to 2013/14, Accident and Emergency Department (A&E) attendance and inpatient admissions to public hospitals from 2004/05 to 2013/14...
March 12, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Kirsten S Vannice, Annelies Wilder-Smith, Alan D T Barrett, Kalinka Carrijo, Marco Cavaleri, Aravinda de Silva, Anna P Durbin, Tim Endy, Eva Harris, Bruce L Innis, Leah C Katzelnick, Peter G Smith, Wellington Sun, Stephen J Thomas, Joachim Hombach
Licensing and decisions on public health use of a vaccine rely on a robust clinical development program that permits a risk-benefit assessment of the product in the target population. Studies undertaken early in clinical development, as well as well-designed pivotal trials, allow for this robust characterization. In 2012, WHO published guidelines on the quality, safety and efficacy of live attenuated dengue tetravalent vaccines. Subsequently, efficacy and longer-term follow-up data have become available from two Phase 3 trials of a dengue vaccine, conducted in parallel, and the vaccine was licensed in December 2015...
March 7, 2018: Vaccine
Ann M Bowling, Rhonda Cooper, Ashley Kellish, Laura Kubin, Tedra Smith
INTRODUCTION: Direct patient care across the lifespan has been the standard for nursing clinical experiences over the past several years. Recently, the Ohio Board of Nursing ruled that 100% of pediatric clinical hours could be replaced with simulation. PURPOSE: Make a recommendation for the number of direct patient care clinical hours in pediatrics that are needed to meet the pediatric nursing competencies. METHOD: All fifty United States Boards of Nursing prelicensure nursing education requirements were reviewed to identify the number of required clinical hours and definitions for clinical experience...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Tao T Le, Charles G Prober
New digital platforms are transforming learning in higher education and providing high-quality education content at little or no cost. Educators can now reach large, even global audiences. Yet, many medical schools continue to develop and maintain custom but duplicative curricular content despite having limited faculty and financial resources. In addition, medical students are faced with a multitude of potentially unaligned curricula driven by the school, national licensing exams, and the students' own perceived clinical training needs...
March 6, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Jennifer O'Rourke, Joanna Abraham, Lee Ann Riesenberg, Jeff Matson, Karen Dunn Lopez
AIM: To identify the core components of nurse-nurse handoffs. BACKGROUND: Patient handoffs involve a process of passing information, responsibility and control from one caregiver to the next during care transitions. Around the globe, ineffective handoffs have serious consequences resulting in wrong treatments, delays in diagnosis, longer stays, medication errors, patient falls and patient deaths. To date, the core components of nurse-nurse handoff have not been identified...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Kenneth V Iserson
The aim of this section is to expand and accelerate advances in curriculum developments and in methods of teaching bioethics.
April 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
Nicole Custer
Test anxiety may cause nursing students to cope poorly with academic demands, affecting academic performance and attrition and leading to possible failure on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN®). Test-anxious nursing students may engage academic procrastination as a coping mechanism. The Test Anxiety Inventory and the Procrastination Assessment Scale for Students were administered to 202 prelicensure nursing students from diploma, associate, and baccalaureate nursing programs in southwestern Pennsylvania...
March 2, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Wendy M Donnell, Glenda C Walker, Greg Miller
AIM: The purpose of this study was to identify students at risk of attrition and implement interventions to decrease the risk. BACKGROUND: The ability to identify and intervene with students deemed at risk of attrition can be a valuable tool for increasing the RN workforce. "Statewide At-Risk Tracking and Interventions for Nurses" (SATIN) involved students from 27 initial RN licensure nursing programs in Texas. METHOD: At-risk status of each nursing student was identified, and each nursing program provided interventions based on students' needs...
March 2, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Kristine M L'Ecuyer, Shelley von der Lancken, Diane Malloy, Geralyn Meyer, Matthew J Hyde
BACKGROUND: The clinical education of undergraduate nursing students relies heavily on the use of staff nurses who assume the preceptor role. The best and most efficient utilization of preceptors is unknown. METHOD: This study reviewed Board of Nursing rules and regulations for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories for their published requirements regarding preceptors. Specifically, this review focused on preceptor-student and faculty-student ratios, role responsibilities, and requirements of preceptors and faculty in undergraduate precepted clinical experiences...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
Zubin Austin, Paul A M Gregory
BACKGROUND: The framing of competence as a binary "either-or" process may be shaped by the measurement tools and assessment methods used to define it. Blunt measures such as passing or failing a licensure examination, or revoking/suspending a license after a single dispensing error fosters anxiety amongst professionals and potentially leads to behaviours where learning needs are actually hidden from educators, employers or regulators. Such framing may not accurately capture the lived experience of those labelled "incompetent" and in fact may be counterproductive to remediation and skills enhancement...
February 27, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Richard B S Roden, Peter L Stern
The discovery of genotype 16 as the prototype oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) initiated a quarter century of laboratory and epidemiological studies that demonstrated their necessary, but not sufficient, aetiological role in cervical and several other anogenital and oropharyngeal cancers. Early virus-induced immune deviation can lead to persistent subclinical infection that brings the risk of progression to cancer. Effective secondary prevention of cervical cancer through cytological and/or HPV screening depends on regular and widespread use in the general population, but coverage is inadequate in low-resource settings...
March 2, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cancer
Tien-Min Gabriel Chu, Nicholas M Makhoul, Daniela Rodrigues Silva, Theresa S Gonzales, Ariadne Letra, Keith A Mays
This Point/Counterpoint article addresses a long-standing but still-unresolved debate on the advantages and disadvantages of using live patients in dental licensure exams. Two contrasting viewpoints are presented. Viewpoint 1 supports the traditional use of live patients, arguing that other assessment models have not yet been demonstrated to be viable alternatives to the actual treatment of patients in the clinical licensure process. This viewpoint also contends that the use of live patients and inherent variances in live patient treatment represent the realities of daily private practice...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Joshua Osowicki, Johan Vekemans, David C Kaslow, Martin H Friede, Jerome H Kim, Andrew C Steer
While progress towards a Group A Streptococcus (GAS) vaccine has been stalled by a combination of scientific, regulatory, and commercial barriers, the problem persists. The high and globally-distributed burden of disease attributable to GAS makes vaccination an imperative global public health goal. Advances across a range of scientific disciplines in understanding GAS diseases have made the goal a realistic one and focused attention on the need for coordinated global action. With a view to accelerating GAS vaccine development, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Vaccine Institute (IVI) convened a global stakeholder consultation on the 12th and 13th of December 2016, in Seoul, South Korea...
February 26, 2018: Vaccine
Jennifer R Kogan, Alison J Whelan, Larry D Gruppen, Lorelei A Lingard, Pim W Teunissen, Olle Ten Cate
As competency-based medical education is adopted across the training continuum, discussions regarding time-variable medical education have gained momentum, raising important issues that challenge the current regulatory environment and infrastructure of both undergraduate and graduate medical education in the United States. Implementing time-variable medical training will require recognizing, revising, and potentially reworking the multiple existing structures and regulations both internal and external to medical education that are not currently aligned with this type of system...
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Jeremiah M Kinsman, Kathy Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research conducted in November 2013 found there were a limited number of states and territories in the United States (US) that authorize emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and emergency medical responders (EMRs) to administer opioid antagonists. Given the continued increase in the number of opioid-related overdoses and deaths, many states have changed their policies to authorize EMTs and EMRs to administer opioid antagonists. The goal of this study is to provide an updated description of policy on EMS licensure levels' authority to administer opioid antagonists for all 50 US states, the District of Columbia (DC), and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (PR)...
February 27, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
(no author information available yet)
Psychological evaluations are relied on by employers, professional licensing boards, and civil service commissions to make hiring and employment decisions affecting individuals, organizations, and the public. To promote best practices, these professional practice guidelines were developed for use by psychologists who perform clinical evaluations of individuals for occupational purposes, regardless of whether the evaluation is intended to obtain employment, to achieve licensure/certification, or to maintain either...
February 2018: American Psychologist
Jorge E Arana, Theresa Harrington, Maria Cano, Paige Lewis, Adamma Mba-Jonas, Li Rongxia, Brock Stewart, Lauri E Markowitz, Tom T Shimabukuro
BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (4vHPV) for use in females and males aged 9-26 years, since 2006 and 2009 respectively. We characterized reports to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), a US spontaneous reporting system, in females and males who received 4vHPV vaccination. METHODS: We searched VAERS for US reports of adverse events (AEs) following 4vHPV from January 2009 through December 2015...
March 20, 2018: Vaccine
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