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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341984/effect-of-age-at-vaccination-on-rotavirus-vaccine-effectiveness-in-bolivian-infants
#1
Rachel M Burke, Jacqueline E Tate, Kimberly D Pringle, Manish Patel, Lucia H De Oliveira, Umesh D Parashar
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus vaccines are less effective in developing countries versus developed countries. One hypothesis for this difference in performance is that higher levels of maternal antibodies in developing countries may interfere with vaccine response, suggesting that delayed dosing could be beneficial. The present analysis aims to assess whether rotavirus vaccine effectiveness (VE) varies by age at vaccination during routine use in Bolivia. METHODS: Data were merged from two post-licensure evaluations of monovalent rotavirus vaccine (RV1) in Bolivia, where two doses of RV1 are recommended at two and four months of age...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337709/the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-ses-and-nclex-rn-comparing-ses-indicators-in-mediated-logistic-regression
#2
Timothy W Meyers, Aryn C Karpinski
The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES), ACT test scores, and the National Council Licensure Examination-Registered Nurse (NCLEX-RN) through a mediated logistic regression model. ACT is often considered one of the strongest predictors of success on the NCLEX-RN. Data from nursing students (N = 1,176) at a large, Midwestern university were analyzed. The goal was to determine if the predictive power of ACT on the NCLEX-RN stems from the influence of SES on ACT...
January 15, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320912/fostering-transformation-by-hearing-voices-evaluating-a-6-second-low-fidelity-simulation
#3
Brenda Marshall, Julie Bliss, Benjamin Evans, Oksana Dukhan
BACKGROUND: The stigma of psychosis, with the accompanying symptoms of auditory and visual hallucinations, can affect a nurse's ability to provide safe, effective care. Increasing knowledge of the patient's perspective during auditory hallucinations can increase the nurse's ability to be empathetic and engage in a therapeutic alliance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a six-second auditory hallucination simulation to increase empathy in preclinical undergraduate nursing students...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306576/an-untapped-resource-in-the-nursing-workforce-licensed-practical-nurses-who-transition-to-become-registered-nurses
#4
Cheryl B Jones, Mark Toles, George J Knafl, Anna S Beeber
BACKGROUND: A more diverse registered nurse (RN) workforce is needed to provide health care in North Carolina (NC) and nationally. Studies describing licensed practical nurse (LPN) career transitions to RNs are lacking. PURPOSE: To characterize the occurrence of LPN-to-RN professional transitions; compare key characteristics of LPNs who do and do not make such a transition; and compare key characteristics of LPNs who do transition in the years prior to and following their transition...
July 20, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289489/meeting-report-who-informal-consultation-on-development-of-guidelines-on-procedures-and-data-requirements-for-changes-to-approved-biotherapeutic-products-seoul-republic-of-korea-27-28-april-2017
#5
Meenu Wadhwa, Hye-Na Kang, Hugo Hamel, Teeranart Jivapaisarnpong
In April 2017, WHO convened an informal consultation to develop WHO guidelines on procedures and data requirements for changes to approved biotherapeutic products. The objective of the meeting was to review the draft of WHO guidelines and the comments received from the public consultation. The guidelines were recognized by the participants as a tool for regulatory convergence and harmonization. Regulation of changes to approved biotherapeutic products is a key in ensuring that products of consistent quality, safety and efficacy are distributed after they receive authorization or licensure...
December 27, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278586/rethinking-postgraduate-training-requirements-for-licensure-the-kansas-experience
#6
Kimberly J Templeton, Kelli J Stevens, Kathleen Selzler Lippert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275847/self-amplifying-rna-vaccines-give-equivalent-protection-against-influenza-to-mrna-vaccines-but-at-much-lower-doses
#7
Annette B Vogel, Laura Lambert, Ekaterina Kinnear, David Busse, Stephanie Erbar, Kerstin C Reuter, Lena Wicke, Mario Perkovic, Tim Beissert, Heinrich Haas, Stephen T Reece, Ugur Sahin, John S Tregoning
New vaccine platforms are needed to address the time gap between pathogen emergence and vaccine licensure. RNA-based vaccines are an attractive candidate for this role: they are safe, are produced cell free, and can be rapidly generated in response to pathogen emergence. Two RNA vaccine platforms are available: synthetic mRNA molecules encoding only the antigen of interest and self-amplifying RNA (sa-RNA). sa-RNA is virally derived and encodes both the antigen of interest and proteins enabling RNA vaccine replication...
December 5, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250805/innovative-modeling-of-naturalistic-driving-data-inference-and-prediction
#8
Paul S Albert
Naturalistic driving studies provide opportunities for investigating the effects of key driving exposures on risky driving performance and accidents. New technology provides a realistic assessment of risky driving through the intensive monitoring of kinematic behavior while driving. These studies with their complex data structures provide opportunities for statisticians to develop needed modeling techniques for statistical inference. This article discusses new statistical modeling procedures that were developed to specifically answer important analytical questions for naturalistic driving studies...
December 18, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238452/letter-to-the-editor-licensure-portability-for-occupational-audiologists-is-essential
#9
George R Cook
Occupational audiologists have a crisis in their profession and need advocates. These audiologists are primarily responsible for industrial hearing conservation programs and their compliance with multiple regulations, such as Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and the Federal Railroad Administration. Occupational hearing programs, for the most part, are multi-state programs as companies and corporations are national organizations. Also, companies may contract services across state lines as local services may not be desired or available...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238449/the-physical-therapy-compact-from-development-to-implementation
#10
Leslie Adrian
The Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy (FSBPT) began the process of implementing the Physical Therapy Compact (PTC) in 2010 with a delegate assembly motion. An interstate compact is an agreement between states to enact legislation and enter into a contract for a specific, limited purpose or to address a particular policy issue. An interstate compact benefits patients, consumers, and licensees by addressing workforce concerns improving licensure portability from state-to-state; facilitating short-term mobility and telehealth consultation for physical therapists...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233401/an-analysis-of-the-use-of-pharmacy-curriculum-outcomes-assessment-pcoa-scores-within-one-professional-program
#11
Linda S Garavalia, Sunil Prabhu, Eunice Chung, Daniel C Robinson
OBJECTIVE: The Pharmacy Curriculum Outcomes Assessment (PCOA) is a recent assessment requirement for US pharmacy professional programs. This study analyses PCOA scores for uses described in the 2016 Standards with data from one professional program. METHODS: PCOA data were analyzed for two consecutive classes (n=215) of pharmacy students at the end of their didactic curriculum to explore relationships among PCOA scores, grade point average (GPA), and North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX) scores utilizing regression analyses...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233272/stakeholders-perceptions-on-competency-and-assessment-program-of-entry-level-pharmacists-in-developing-countries
#12
Isaac Asante, Irene Andoh, Arno M M Muijtjens, Jeroen Donkers
OBJECTIVES: To assess the stakeholders' perceptions on the competency of entry-level pharmacists and the use of written licensure examination as the primary assessment for licensure decisions on entry-level pharmacists who have completed the Pharmacy Internship Program1 (PIP) in developing countries. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among stakeholders in which they completed a web-based 21-item pre-tested questionnaire to determine their views regarding the competency outcomes and assessment program for entry-level pharmacist...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232151/adjuvanted-influenza-vaccines
#13
John S Tregoning, Ryan F Russell, Ekaterina Kinnear
In spite of current influenza vaccines being immunogenic, evolution of the influenza virus can reduce efficacy and so influenza remains a major threat to public health. One approach to improve influenza vaccines is to include adjuvants; substances that boost the immune response. Adjuvants are particularly beneficial for influenza vaccines administered during a pandemic when a rapid response is required or for use in patients with impaired immune responses, such as infants and the elderly. This review outlines the current use of adjuvants in human influenza vaccines, including what they are, why they are used and what is known of their mechanism of action...
December 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230515/-competence-based-assessment-in-the-national-licensing-examination-in-germany
#14
REVIEW
Jana Jünger
In Germany, future physicians have to pass a national licensing examination at the end of their medical studies. Passing this examination is the requirement for the license to practice medicine. The Masterplan Medizinstudium 2020 with its 41 measures aims to shift the paradigm in medical education and medical licensing examinations.The main goals of the Masterplan include the development towards competency-based and practical medical education and examination as well as the strengthening of general medicine...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229713/patterns-of-physician-retirement-and-pre-retirement-activity-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Lindsay Hedden, M Ruth Lavergne, Kimberlyn M McGrail, Michael R Law, Lucy Cheng, Megan A Ahuja, Morris L Barer
BACKGROUND: Knowing when physicians retire and how they practise in the pre-retirement years is important information for health human resource planning. We identified patterns of retirement for physicians in British Columbia and the determinants of when and how physicians retire. METHODS: For this population-based retrospective cohort study, we used administrative data to examine activity levels and to identify retirements among BC's practising physicians. We included all physicians who were at least 50 years of age as of March 2006 and who had received payments for clinical services in at least 1 year between 2005/06 and 2011/12...
December 11, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229452/efficacy-of-human-botulism-immune-globulin-for-the-treatment-of-infant-botulism-the-first-12-years-post-licensure
#16
Jessica R Payne, Jessica M Khouri, Nicholas P Jewell, Stephen S Arnon
OBJECTIVES: To report the efficacy of Human Botulism Immune Globulin Intravenous (BIG-IV) in the first 12 years following its licensure in 2003 and to characterize its use nationwide in treating patients with infant botulism. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records and billing information were collected for US patients treated with BIG-IV from 2003 to 2015. Length of hospital stay (LOS) and hospital charge information for treated patients were compared with the BIG-IV Pivotal Clinical Trial Placebo Group to quantify decreases in LOS and hospital charges...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226235/entrustable-professional-activities-in-post-licensure-training-in-primary-care-pediatrics-necessity-development-and-implementation-of-a-competency-based-post-graduate-curriculum
#17
Folkert Fehr, Christoph Weiß-Becker, Hera Becker, Thomas Opladen
There is an absence of broad-based and binding curricular requirements for structured competency-based post-graduate medical training in Germany, and thus no basis for comparing the competencies of physicians undergoing training in a medical specialty (Ärzte im Weiterbildung). In response, the German Society of Primary Care Pediatrics' working group on post-graduate education (DGAAP) has identified realistic entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in primary care, defined their number, scope and content, selected competency domains, specified required knowledge and skills, and described appropriate assessment methods...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223562/can-adolescent-drivers-motor-vehicle-crash-risk-be-reduced-by-pre-licensure-intervention
#18
Jessica H Mirman, Allison E Curry, Michael R Elliott, Leann Long, Melissa R Pfeiffer
PURPOSE: Although motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for adolescents, there is a scarcity of research addressing adolescents' lack of pre-licensure practical driving experience, which is theorized to increase their post-licensure crash risk. METHODS: Utilizing police-reported crashes and survey data from a randomized and quasi-randomized trial (n = 458 adolescents, 16 or 17 years of age at enrollment), the impact of a parent-directed supervised practice driving intervention and a comprehensive on-road driving assessment (ODA) with feedback was evaluated on adolescent drivers' motor vehicle crashes involvement...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221895/report-on-eighth-who-meeting-on-development-of-influenza-vaccines-that-induce-broadly-protective-and-long-lasting-immune-responses-chicago-usa-23-24-august-2016
#19
Justin R Ortiz, Julian Hickling, Rebecca Jones, Armen Donabedian, Othmar G Engelhardt, Jacqueline M Katz, Shabir A Madhi, Kathleen M Neuzil, Guus F Rimmelzwaan, James Southern, David J Spiro, Joachim Hombach
In August 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) convened the "Eighth meeting on development of influenza vaccines that induce broadly protective and long-lasting immune responses" to discuss the regulatory requirements and pathways for licensure of next-generation influenza vaccines, and to identify areas where WHO can promote the development of such vaccines. Participants included approximately 120 representatives of academia, the vaccine industry, research and development funders, and regulatory and public health agencies...
December 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221624/international-medical-graduates-in-nephrology-roles-rules-and-future-risks
#20
Jeffrey S Berns, Muriel Ghosn, Rodolfo R Altamirano
International medical graduates (IMGs) have become an increasingly essential part of many residency and fellowship programs in the United States. IMGs, who may be of either US or non-US citizenship, contribute significantly to the physician workforce across this country, particularly in underserved areas, as well as in their home countries on their return after training. Approximately 65% of nephrology fellows are IMGs, with most of these being non-US citizens. Non-US IMG applications for nephrology fellowship have been declining, exacerbating an ongoing shortage of nephrology trainees...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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