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Karen MacKinnon, Lenora Marcellus, Julie Rivers, Carol Gordon, Maureen Ryan, Diane Butcher
BACKGROUND: Although maternal-child care is a pillar of primary health care, there is a global shortage of maternal-child health care providers. Nurse educators experience difficulties providing undergraduate students with maternal-child learning experiences for a number of reasons. Simulation has the potential to complement learning in clinical and classroom settings. Although systematic reviews of simulation are available, no systematic reviews of qualitative evidence related to maternal-child simulation-based learning (SBL) for undergraduate nursing students and/or educators have been located...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Abhinav A Shukla, Shahid Rameez, Leslie S Wolfe, Nathan Oien
The ability to conduct multiple experiments in parallel significantly reduces the time that it takes to develop a manufacturing process for a biopharmaceutical. This is particularly significant before clinical entry, because process development and manufacturing are on the "critical path" for a drug candidate to enter clinical development. High-throughput process development (HTPD) methodologies can be similarly impactful during late-stage development, both for developing the final commercial process as well as for process characterization and scale-down validation activities that form a key component of the licensure filing package...
November 14, 2017: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
Ruby Emily Grymonpre, Mubashir Aslam Arain, Lesley Ann Bainbridge, Siegrid Deutschlander, Elizabeth Louise Harrison, Ruth A Koenig, Máire McAdams, Grace Maureen Mickelson, Esther Suter
In response to the shortage of healthcare professionals, the Canadian government has supported two innovative health workforce planning strategies: interprofessional education for interprofessional collaboration and recruiting internationally educated health professionals (IEHPs). Interprofessional collaboration is increasingly expected by Canadian-educated healthcare professionals; IEHPs must also be oriented to this practice model. An environmental scan and iterative assessments and evaluations informed the development of an online interprofessional competency toolkit aimed at training and assessing interprofessional collaboration for IEHPs...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
Ann L Nordquist, Tanya Villalpando Mitchell, Pamela R Overman, Christopher J Van Ness, Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot
Purpose: Dental hygiene students nearing completion of their educational programs are required to take written and clinical examinations in order to be eligible for licensure. The written licensure exam, the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE), is administered by the Joint Commission of National Dental Examinations (JCNDE). Failing a licensing examination is a costly experience for students and has the potential for a negative impact on a program's accreditation status. Nursing programs have published extensively on strategies used to prepare students for licensure examinations...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Yu-Ching Tu, Yi-Jung Lin, Jonathan W Lee, Lir-Wan Fan
BACKGROUND: Determining the most effective approach for students' successful academic performance and achievement on the national licensure examination for RNs is important to nursing education and practice. METHOD: A quasi-experimental design was used to compare didactic instruction and test-enhanced learning among nursing students divided into two fundamental nursing review courses in their final semester. Students in each course were subdivided into low-, intermediate-, and high-score groups based on their first examination scores...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
Yin Wang, Liling Chen, Yuejia Cheng, Suizan Zhou, Yuanyuan Pang, Jun Zhang, Carolyn M Greene, Ying Song, Tao Zhang, Genming Zhao
BACKGROUND: We actively followed a cohort of nursery school children in Suzhou, China to assess the impact of vaccination with trivalent influenza vaccine on the prevention of influenza like illness (ILI). METHODS: We enrolled children aged 36 to 72 months from 13 nursery schools in Suzhou starting two weeks after vaccination during October 2015-February 2016. Every school-day, teachers reported the names of students with ILI to study clinicians, who collected the student's nasopharyngeal swab or throat swab, either at a study clinic or the child's home...
November 1, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Julia E Painter, Brandie S Temple, Laura A Woods, Carrie Cwiak, Lisa B Haddad, Mark J Mulligan, Ralph J DiClemente
Licensure of an HIV vaccine could reduce or eliminate HIV among vulnerable populations. However, vaccine effectiveness could be undermined by risk compensation (RC), defined by an increase in risky behavior due to a belief that the vaccine will confer protection. Interest in an HIV vaccine for reasons indicative of RC may serve as an indicator of actual RC in a postlicensure era. This study assessed factors associated with interest in an HIV vaccine for reasons indicative of RC among African American women aged 18 to 55 years, recruited from a hospital-based family planning clinic in Atlanta, Georgia ( N = 321)...
October 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Sirintip Sricharoenchai, Chukiat Sirivichayakul, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Jittima Dhitavat, Arom Pitisuthitham, Wanatpreeya Phongsamart, Kobporn Boonnak, Keswadee Lapphra, Yupa Sabmee, Orasri Wittawatmongkol, Pailinrut Chinwangso, Indrajeet Kumar Poredi, Jean Petre, Pham Hong Thai, Simonetta Viviani
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence shows that protection induced by acellular pertussis vaccines is short-lived, requiring repeated booster vaccination to control pertussis disease. We aimed to assess the safety and immunogenicity of a recombinant acellular pertussis vaccine containing genetically inactivated pertussis toxin and filamentous haemagglutinin, as either a monovalent vaccine (aP[PTgen/FHA]) or in combination with tetanus and reduced-dose diphtheria vaccines (TdaP[PTgen/FHA]), versus a licensed tetanus and reduced-dose diphtheria and acellular pertussis combination vaccine (Tdap)...
October 20, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
R A Dalmo
Recently in 2016, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) recommended granting a marketing authorization in the EU for "Clynav," a DNA vaccine against salmon pancreas disease (salmonid alphavirus-3). Generally, DNA vaccines induce both early and late immune responses in fish that may be protective against disease. Several transcriptomic approaches have been performed to map immunome profiles following DNA vaccination, but the precise immune mechanism(s) that is responsible for protection is not known, although reasonable suggestions have been made...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
Kelly L Dore, Harold I Reiter, Sharyn Kreuger, Geoffrey R Norman
In re-examining the paper "CASPer, an online pre-interview screen for personal/professional characteristics: prediction of national licensure scores" published in AHSE (22(2), 327-336), we recognized two errors of interpretation.
October 23, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Johnathon P Ehsani, Kaigang Li, Brydon J B Grant, Pnina Gershon, Shelia G Klauer, Thomas A Dingus, Bruce Simons-Morton
An increasing number of countries are requiring an extended learner permit prior to independent driving. The question of when drivers begin the learner permit period, and how long they hold the permit before advancing to independent licensure has received little research attention. Licensure timing is likely to be related to "push" and "pull" factors which may encourage or inhibit the process. To examine this question, we recruited a sample of 90 novice drivers (49 females and 41 males, average age of 15.6 years) soon after they obtained a learner permit and instrumented their vehicles to collect a range of driving data...
2017: Safety (Basel)
Bruce Simons-Morton, Johnathon P Ehsani
The young driver problem is typified by high crash rates early in licensure that decline with experience, but are higher initially and decline more slowly for the youngest novices. Despite considerable effort, only Graduated Driver Licensing System (GDLS) policies have been shown to improve novice young driver safety outcomes. Unfortunately, GDLS policies are mostly limited to countries with a relatively young licensure age. Meanwhile, it is not entirely clear how GDLS and other young driver transportation safety efforts, including driver training and testing, supervised practice and parental management of young drivers, can best be configured...
December 2016: Safety (Basel)
Pamella Ivey Chavis
AIM: Relationships between self-esteem, locus of control (LOC), and first-time passage of National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN®) were examined at baccalaureate nursing programs at two historically black colleges and universities. BACKGROUND: Shortages continue to exceed demands for RNs prepared at the baccalaureate level. Inconsistent pass rates on the NCLEX-RN for graduates of historically black colleges and universities impede the supply of RNs...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
Cobin D Soelberg, Raeford E Brown, Derick Du Vivier, John E Meyer, Banu K Ramachandran
The United States is in the midst of a devastating opioid misuse epidemic leading to over 33,000 deaths per year from both prescription and illegal opioids. Roughly half of these deaths are attributable to prescription opioids. Federal and state governments have only recently begun to grasp the magnitude of this public health crisis. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released their Guidelines for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain. While not comprehensive in scope, these guidelines attempt to control and regulate opioid prescribing...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Rita Reyburn, Devina Nand, Cattram Nguyen, Shivnay Naidu, Arishma Bali, Miriama Rokovutoro, Tupou Ratu, Simon Kumar, Donald Lewis, Varanisese Smith, Fiona Russell
OBJECTIVES: Post-licensure studies to evaluate vaccine impact are an important component of introducing new vaccines. Such studies often rely on routinely collected data but the limitations to these data must be understood. To validate administrative data for use in 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate and rotavirus vaccine impact evaluations we have audited the two electronic database capturing hospital admissions in Fiji for completeness and consistency. METHODS: Hospital admission data for one week per year between 2007-2011 and 2014-2015 was collected from ward registers for selected hospitals...
November 7, 2017: Vaccine
Katerina Yale, Olabola Awosika, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Alison Ehrlich
Biologics are a mainstay of treatment for many dermatologic conditions, however the high costs can be prohibitive for many patients. A growing market of biosimilar drugs is emerging with the hope of providing patients access to more affordable medications. While the FDA has created an abbreviated licensure pathway for these drugs, states are still in the process of creating regulations regarding their substitution for reference biologics. This article looks to raise awareness of the current federal regulations and the differences among state regulations regarding the use of biosimilars...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Divya Hosangadi, Peter G Smith, Birgitte K Giersing
Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) and Shigella are enteropathogens causing significant global morbidity and mortality, particularly in low-income countries. No licensed vaccine exists for either pathogen, but candidates are in development, with the most advanced candidates potentially approaching pivotal efficacy testing within the next few years. A positive policy recommendation for introduction of any vaccine, following licensure, depends on evidence of vaccine cost-effectiveness and impact on morbidity and mortality...
October 11, 2017: Vaccine
John S Andrews, James F Bale, Jennifer B Soep, Michele Long, Carol Carraccio, Robert Englander, Deborah Powell
The Education in Pediatrics Across the Continuum (EPAC) Study Group is developing the first competency-based, time-variable progression from undergraduate medical education (UME) to graduate medical education (GME) in the history of medical education in the United States. EPAC, an innovation project sponsored by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and supported by the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, was developed through a collaboration between 5 medical schools and multiple professional organizations with an interest in undergraduate and graduate medical education...
October 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Chikita Mann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Professional Case Management
Petra Kern, Daniel B Tague
Background: The field of music therapy is growing worldwide. While there is a wealth of country-specific information available, only a few have databased workforce censuses. Currently, little to no descriptive data exists about the global development of the profession. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to obtain descriptive data about current demographics, practice status, and clinical trends to inform worldwide advocacy efforts, training needs, and the sustainable development of the field...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
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