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Rajkumar Bharatia, Manoj Chitale, Ganesh Narain Saxena, Raman Ganesh Kumar, Chikkalingaiah, Abhijit Trailokya, Kalpesh Dalvi, Suhas Talele
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension (HTN), being a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), is an important issue of medical and public health. High blood pressure (BP) is ranked as the third most important risk factor for attributable burden of disease in south Asia (2010). Hypertension (HTN) exerts a substantial public health burden on cardiovascular health status and healthcare systems in India. Uncontrolled hypertension among adults with hypertension is associated with increased mortality...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Milan S Geybels, Karen D McCloskey, Ian G Mills, Janet L Stanford
BACKGROUND: Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) may affect prostate cancer (PCa) growth by various mechanisms including those related to androgens. The fusion of the androgen-regulated gene TMPRSS2 and the oncogene ERG (TMPRSS2:ERG or T2E) is common in PCa, and prostate tumors that harbor the gene fusion are believed to represent a distinct disease subtype. We studied the association of CCB use with the risk of PCa, and molecular subtypes of PCa defined by T2E status. METHODS: Participants were residents of King County, Washington, recruited for population-based case-control studies (1993-1996 or 2002-2005)...
October 18, 2016: Prostate
Mukesh Madhukar Shete
Hypertension is one of the most common conditions seen in primary care and a major public health problem in India. It can lead to various complications if not detected early and treated appropriately. As per the latest Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) the goal BP in most hypertensive patients age <60 years should be <140/90 mmHg and treatment can be started by selecting drugs from among 4 specific medication classes i.e. angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), calcium channel blocker (CCB) or diuretics...
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
P K Agrawal, K Baruah, K Bhargav, Rakesh, F Alam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Tobias Fehlmann, Nicole Ludwig, Christina Backes, Eckart Meese, Andreas Keller
Small non-coding RNAs, especially microRNAs, are discussed as promising biomarkers for a substantial number of human pathologies. A broad understanding in which solid tissues, cell types or body fluids a microRNA is expressed helps also to understand and to improve the suitability of miRNAs as non- or minimally-invasive disease markers. We recently reported the Human miRNA Tissue Atlas ( ) containing 105 miRNA profiles of 31 organs from 2 corpses. We subsequently added miRNA profiles measured by others and us using the same array technology as for the first version of the Human miRNA Tissue Atlas...
September 29, 2016: RNA Biology
S-W Chang, C W McDonough, Y Gong, T A Johnson, T Tsunoda, E R Gamazon, M A Perera, A Takahashi, T Tanaka, M Kubo, C J Pepine, J A Johnson, R M Cooper-DeHoff
We conducted a discovery genome-wide association study with expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) annotation of new-onset diabetes (NOD) among European Americans, who were exposed to a calcium channel blocker-based strategy (CCB strategy) or a β-blocker-based strategy (β-blocker strategy) in the INternational VErapamil SR Trandolapril STudy. Replication of the top signal from the SNP*treatment interaction analysis was attempted in Hispanic and African Americans, and a joint meta-analysis was performed (total 334 NOD cases and 806 matched controls)...
September 27, 2016: Pharmacogenomics Journal
Deri Hwang, Sunyoung Kim, Hangseok Choi, In-Hwan Oh, Byung Sung Kim, Hyun Rim Choi, So Yeon Kim, Chang Won Won
BACKGROUND: Some disagreements surround the effects of calcium-channel blockers (CCBs) on the risk of dementia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effects of CCBs on dementia among elderly hypertensive Koreans.Methods and Results:We conducted a large population-based cohort study using the senior cohort database of the Korean National Health Insurance Service (2002-2013). Subjects were elderly hypertensive Koreans older than 60 years of age. A total of 18,423 patients (CCB user group: 13,692 patients; non-CCB antihypertensive user group: 4,731 patients) were statistically analyzed using the Cox proportional hazard regression model to estimate the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) and confidence intervals (CIs) of dementia associated with CCB use...
September 21, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Hong Sun, Rong-Yuan Zhuang, Tao Li, Yuan-Ting Zheng, Wei-Min Cai
BACKGROUND: Any association between calcium channel blockers (CCBs) and survival in cancer patients remains unclear and the results of related studies are conflicting. The objective of the study was to investigate the association between calcium channel blocker (CCB) use and survival in cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for studies published before January 2016 with terms related to CCBs and survival in cancer patients...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Kazuomi Kario, Satoshi Hoshide
OBJECTIVE: It has been long believed that there is a close association between hypertension and atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there have been few studies on the impact of antihypertensive medication in hypertensives with AF. To investigate whether the timing of the antihypertensive drug administration influences blood pressure (BP) level and biomarkers to hypertensives with AF. DESIGN AND METHOD: The present study was a multicentered, prospective, randomized, open-labelled clinical trial to investigate the difference in the effect of telmisartan/amlodipine combination tablets on BP levels and BP variability using ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) and home BP between the morning administration and the bedtime administration in hypertensives with paroxysmal AF...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Rha Seung-Woon, Choi Byoung Geol, Li Hu, Na Jin Oh, Choi Cheol Ung, Park Chang Gyu, Seo Hong Seog, Oh Dong Joo, Kim Yong Hoon, Her Ae-Young, Park Sang-Ho
OBJECTIVE: Recently several studies reported that anti-hypertensive drugs were associated with development of new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM). However, data on the relationship between detailed prescription types and long-term incidence of NODM are still limited in Asian patients (pts). DESIGN AND METHOD: A total of 3,208 consecutive hypertension pts prescribed with calcium channel blockers (CCB) were enrolled with the exclusion of diabetic pts. Pts were divided into two groups according to the additional prescription of renin angiotensin system (RAS) blockers; 1) the CCB group (n = 1,987) and 2) CCB + RAS group (n = 1,221)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Chan Joo Lee, Jaewon Oh, Sang-Hak Lee, Seok-Min Kang, Donghoon Choi, Hyeon-Chang Kim, Sungha Park
OBJECTIVE: In most cases, the 5 first line drugs are recommended for management of hypertension without preference for one or the other. However, it is unclear whether different classes of anti-hypertensive agents have different effect on survival in low risk, uncomplicated hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of 4 classes of first line anti-hypertensive agents on improving survival in patients with low risk, uncomplicated hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: Adult hypertensive patients without chronic kidney disease, end stage renal disease, diabetes mellitus, acute coronary syndrome, and heart failure in 2002 were selected from Korean National Health Insurance sample cohort consisting of one million subjects...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Shokei Kim-Mitsuyama
There is accumulating evidence that RAS inhibitors not only reduce blood pressure, but also exert pleiotropic effects, including a renoprotective effect, amelioration of insulin resistance, reduction in onset of diabetes, and suppression of cardiovascular remodelling,. However, the definite benefit of RAS inhibition in treatment of hypertension with CKD or DM is not conclusive. We previously performed the OlmeSartan and Calcium Antagonists Randomized (OSCAR) study comparing the preventive effect of high-dose ARB therapy versus ARB plus CCB combination therapy on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in 1164 Japanese elderly hypertensive patients with baseline type 2 diabetes and/or CVD (Am J Med (2012))...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Suzanne Oparil
Heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure are leading causes of death worldwide, and hypertension is a significant risk factor for each. Hypertension is less common in women, compared to men, in those younger than 45 years of age. This trend is reversed in those 65 years and older. In the US between 2011-2014, the prevalence of hypertension in women and men by age group was 6% vs 8% (18-39 years), 30% vs 35% (40-59 years), and 67% vs 63% (60 years and over). Awareness, treatment, and control rates differ between genders with women being more aware of their diagnosis (85% vs 80%), more likely to take their medications (81% vs 71%) and more frequently having controlled hypertension (55% vs 49%)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Kohji Shirai
BACKGROUND: The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a new arterial stiffness index of the arterial tree from the origin of the aorta to the ankle, and was essentially derived from the stiffness parameterβtheory proposed by Hayashi. The conspicuous feature of CAVI is independency from blood pressure at the time of measurement. AIM: The purpose is to clarify the meaning of CAVI as a surrogate marker of arteriosclerosis, and also the role of CAVI in the blood pressure control system...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
William C Cushman
Beginning with the Veterans Administration (VA) Cooperative Hypertension Study of the 1960 s, blood pressure (BP) lowering with antihypertensive medications has been shown to reduce major cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, including coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure (HF) and CV and all-cause mortality in randomized controlled CV outcome trials. Multiple drugs were usually required in these trials to lower BP in treated participants. Medication regimens in the early trials, including the VA trial, included a thiazide-type diuretic (TTD) as initial therapy...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Veronika Rachar, Martin Czejka, Marie Kitzmueller, Philipp Buchner, Maria Lichtneckert, Richard Greil, Herbert Geiler, Christian Dittrich
AIM: This study focuses on the plasma disposition and metabolic activation of capecitabine (CCB) when administered alone or when combined with cetuximab (CTX). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four chemo-naïve patients with KRAS wild-type colorectal cancer were randomized into two arms and received either CCB alone (1,000 mg/m(2) bid p.o.), followed by CCB plus CTX (loading dose (LD)=400 mg/m(2) followed by 250 mg/m(2) weekly i.v. maintenance dose) (Arm A; n=12 patients (patients)) or CCB plus CTX followed by CCB alone (Arm B; n=12 patients)...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
Ruth C Martín-Sanz, Luis Santos-Del-Blanco, Eduardo Notivol, M Regina Chambel, Roberto San-Martín, José Climent
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Serotiny, the maintenance of ripe seeds in closed fruits or cones until fire causes dehiscence, is a key adaptive trait of plants in fire-prone ecosystems, but knowledge of phenotypic plasticity for cone retention in woody plants is extremely scarce. On the basis of published literature and our field observations, we hypothesized that increased aridity might decrease the aerial seed bank as a plastic response, not necessarily adaptive. METHODS: We used a Pinus halepensis common garden replicated in three contrasted sites (mild, cold, and dry) to separate population differentiation from phenotypic plasticity of cone serotiny and canopy cone bank (CCB)...
September 2016: American Journal of Botany
Carolin Zwadlo, Jürgen Borlak
Calcium channel blockers (CCB) differ in their effects on the cardiovascular system with diltiazem being less negatively ionotrop as compared to verapamil. Diltiazem is mainly used to treat supraventricular tachycardia, vasospastic angina and the Raynaud's syndrome. Little is known about the molecular effects of benzothiazepins on cardiac gene expression. We therefore investigated the effects of diltiazem on cardiac gene expression in normotensive and hypertensive rats with left ventricular hypertrophy and compared the results with our previous findings on verapamil and nifedipine...
September 6, 2016: Vascular Pharmacology
Natali Hernández-Becerra, Yunuen Tapia-Torres, Ofelia Beltrán-Paz, Jazmín Blaz, Valeria Souza, Felipe García-Oliva
BACKGROUND: Global demand for food has led to increased land-use change, particularly in dry land ecosystems, which has caused several environmental problems due to the soil degradation. In the Cuatro Cienegas Basin (CCB), alfalfa production irrigated by flooding impacts strongly on the soil. METHODS: In order to analyze the effect of such agricultural land-use change on soil nutrient dynamics and soil bacterial community composition, this work examined an agricultural gradient within the CCB which was comprised of a native desert grassland, a plot currently cultivated with alfalfa and a former agricultural field that had been abandoned for over 30 years...
2016: PeerJ
Nanne Aben, Daniel J Vis, Magali Michaut, Lodewyk F A Wessels
MOTIVATION: Clinical response to anti-cancer drugs varies between patients. A large portion of this variation can be explained by differences in molecular features, such as mutation status, copy number alterations, methylation and gene expression profiles. We show that the classic approach for combining these molecular features (Elastic Net regression on all molecular features simultaneously) results in models that are almost exclusively based on gene expression. The gene expression features selected by the classic approach are difficult to interpret as they often represent poorly studied combinations of genes, activated by aberrations in upstream signaling pathways...
September 1, 2016: Bioinformatics
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