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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929554/optimizing-patient-and-public-involvement-ppi-identifying-its-essential-and-desirable-principles-using-a-systematic-review-and-modified-delphi-methodology
#1
Rebecca L Baines, Sam Regan de Bere
BACKGROUND: There is international interest in the active involvement of patients and the public. However, consensus on how best to optimize its application is currently unavailable. OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess the underlying principles of patient and public involvement (PPI) in health and social care services, research, education and regulation across medicine, dentistry and nursing. DESIGN: A four-phase methodology: (i) an extensive systematic review of published and grey literature; (ii) inductive thematic analysis of review findings; (iii) development of best practice principles; and (iv) consensus testing of identified principles using a modified Delphi methodology...
September 19, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929282/anoperineal-lesions-in-crohn-s-disease-french-recommendations-for-clinical-practice
#2
REVIEW
D Bouchard, L Abramowitz, G Bouguen, C Brochard, A Dabadie, V de Parades, M Eléouet-Kaplan, N Fathallah, J-L Faucheron, L Maggiori, Y Panis, F Pigot, P Rouméguère, A Sénéjoux, L Siproudhis, G Staumont, J-M Suduca, B Vinson-Bonnet, J-D Zeitoun
BACKGROUND: Anoperineal lesion (APL) occurrence is a significant event in the evolution of Crohn's disease (CD). Management should involve a multidisciplinary approach combining the knowledge of the gastroenterologist, the colorectal surgeon and the radiologist who have appropriate experience in this area. Given the low level of evidence of available medical and surgical strategies, the aim of this work was to establish a French expert consensus on management of anal Crohn's disease. These recommendations were led under the aegis of the Société Nationale Française de Colo-Proctologie (SNFCP)...
September 19, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928765/emerging-challenges-and-opportunities-for-education-and-research-in-weed-science
#3
REVIEW
Bhagirath S Chauhan, Amar Matloob, Gulshan Mahajan, Farhena Aslam, Singarayer K Florentine, Prashant Jha
In modern agriculture, with more emphasis on high input systems, weed problems are likely to increase and become more complex. With heightened awareness of adverse effects of herbicide residues on human health and environment and the evolution of herbicide-resistant weed biotypes, a significant focus within weed science has now shifted to the development of eco-friendly technologies with reduced reliance on herbicides. Further, with the large-scale adoption of herbicide-resistant crops, and uncertain climatic optima under climate change, the problems for weed science have become multi-faceted...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928347/improving-breastfeeding-medicine-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-student-survey-and-extensive-curriculum-review-with-suggestions-for-improvement
#4
Anna J Gary, Erin E Birmingham, Laurie B Jones
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding education should be incorporated routinely into medical school curricula. Despite strong evidence supporting exclusive breastfeeding of infants, lack of physician education has continued to undermine the practice of breastfeeding. Protecting and supporting breastfeeding should be a public health priority as it has the potential to save billions of dollars in health care and also provide the most benefit to the newborn infant. The purpose of this article was to evaluate how the United States undergraduate medical institution incorporates breastfeeding medicine into its curriculum and to suggest modifications that will improve breastfeeding education at all undergraduate medical institutions...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927724/empirical-evidence-for-the-relationship-between-cognitive-workload-and-attentional-reserve
#5
Kyle J Jaquess, Rodolphe J Gentili, Li-Chuan Lo, Hyuk Oh, Jing Zhang, Jeremy C Rietschel, Matthew W Miller, Ying Ying Tan, Bradley D Hatfield
While the concepts of cognitive workload and attentional reserve have been thought to have an inverse relationship for some time, such a relationship has never been empirically tested. This was the purpose of the present study. Aspects of the electroencephalogram were used to assess both cognitive workload and attentional reserve. Specifically, spectral measures of cortical activation were used to assess cognitive workload, while amplitudes of the event-related potential from the presentation of unattended "novel" sounds were used to assess attentional reserve...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927355/the-promise-of-qualitative-research-to-inform-theory-to-address-health-equity
#6
Rachel C Shelton, Derek M Griffith, Michelle C Kegler
Most public health researchers and practitioners agree that we need to accelerate our efforts to eliminate health disparities and promote health equity. The past two decades of research have provided a wealth of descriptive studies, both qualitative and quantitative, that describe the size, scale, and scope of health disparities, as well as the key determinants that affect disparities. We need, however, to shift more aggressively to action informed by this research and develop deeper understandings of how to shape multilevel interventions, influenced by theories across multiple levels of the social-ecologic framework...
October 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927354/advancing-the-science-of-qualitative-research-to-promote-health-equity
#7
Derek M Griffith, Rachel C Shelton, Michelle Kegler
Qualitative methods have long been a part of health education research, but how qualitative approaches advance health equity has not been well described. Qualitative research is an increasingly important methodologic tool to use in efforts to understand, inform, and advance health equity. Qualitative research provides critical insight into the subjective meaning and context of health that can be essential for understanding where and how to intervene to inform health equity research and practice. We describe the larger context for this special theme issue of Health Education & Behavior, provide brief overviews of the 15 articles that comprise the issue, and discuss the promise of qualitative research that seeks to contextualize and illuminate answers to research questions in efforts to promote health equity...
October 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926423/a-noninterventional-multicenter-prospective-phase-iv-study-of-trabectedin-in-patients-with-advanced-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#8
Angela Buonadonna, Charlotte Benson, Jose Casanova, Bernd Kasper, Antonio López Pousa, Filomena Mazzeo, Thomas Brodowicz, Nicolas Penel
This prospective, noninterventional study is the first phase IV trial designed to evaluate trabectedin in patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma in real-life clinical practice across Europe. To be included in the study, patients must have received more than or equal to one cycle of trabectedin and be currently on treatment. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival as defined by investigators. The secondary endpoints included objective response rate, disease control rate, time to progression and the growth modulation index (GMI), overall survival, and an assessment of the cancer-related symptoms and safety...
September 18, 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925970/current-status-of-rift-valley-fever-vaccine-development
#9
REVIEW
Bonto Faburay, Angelle Desiree LaBeaud, D Scott McVey, William C Wilson, Juergen A Richt
Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne zoonotic disease that presents a substantial threat to human and public health. It is caused by Rift Valley fever phlebovirus (RVFV), which belongs to the genus Phlebovirus and the family Phenuiviridae within the order Bunyavirales. The wide distribution of competent vectors in non-endemic areas coupled with global climate change poses a significant threat of the transboundary spread of RVFV. In the last decade, an improved understanding of the molecular biology of RVFV has facilitated significant progress in the development of novel vaccines, including DIVA (differentiating infected from vaccinated animals) vaccines...
September 19, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925868/design-and-discovery-of-new-antibacterial-agents-advances-perspectives-challenges
#10
Josef Jampilek
Emerging resistance of bacterial pathogens to clinically used drugs, including not only first-choice but also second- and third-choice drugs, is alarming, but since the 1990s only a modest number of new, first in class, drugs for systemic administration have been marketed for the treatment of bacterial infections. This article provides a review of recently reported new antibacterial chemotherapeutics approved for clinical practice, antibacterial chemotherapeutics in clinical trials and antibacterial agents under development...
September 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920888/prediction-of-motor-recovery-after-stroke-advances-in-biomarkers
#11
REVIEW
Cathy M Stinear
Stroke remains a leading cause of adult disability, and the recovery of motor function after stroke is crucial for the patient to regain independence. However, making accurate predictions of a patient's motor recovery and outcome is difficult when based on clinical assessment alone. Clinical assessment of motor impairment within a few days of stroke can help to predict subsequent recovery, while neurophysiological and neuroimaging biomarkers of corticomotor structure and function can help to predict both motor recovery and motor outcome after stroke...
October 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920111/interpretation-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-volumetric-data-how-to-report-findings
#12
Mel Mupparapu, Adriana G Creanga, Steven R Singer
Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was introduced to the dental profession at the beginning of the new millennium and has become an integral part of dental practice, especially within the surgical specialties. With advances in technology and the introduction of new-generation digital detectors, the concomitant increase in pixel resolution provided the ability to discern fine details of the anatomy. This article focuses on the methodology of CBCT interpretation and reporting. Details of reviewing the volume thoroughly are described with relevant citations...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918810/progress-in-endoscopic-ultrasonography-training-in-therapeutic-or-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#13
REVIEW
Monica Saumoy, Michel Kahaleh
Therapeutic endoscopic ultrasound is a rapidly expanding field, requiring training beyond the 3-year gastroenterology fellowship and at least an additional year in a structured advanced endoscopy fellowship program with mentorship from an expert at a sufficiently high-volume center. Simulation models can provide initial instruction on technique and increase familiarity with the rapidly changing devices. Trainees must also be given a graduated level of independence to perform each step and, eventually, be able to practice on a variety of endoscopic targets...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918369/the-development-of-biodiversity-conservation-measures-in-china-s-hydro-projects-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Ruiqiao Bai, Xuehua Liu, Xiaofei Liu, Lanmei Liu, Jianping Wang, Sihui Liao, Annah Zhu, Zhouyuan Li
The hydropower capacity of China ranks first in the world and accounts for approximately 20% of the total energy production in the country. While hydropower has substantially contributed to meeting China's renewable energy targets and providing clean energy to rural areas, the development of hydropower in China has been met with significant controversy. Ecologically, hydro projects alter the landscape, with potential impacts to the country's aquatic biodiversity. Over the past four decades in China, various mainstream opinions and misunderstandings have been presented concerning how to alleviate the negative impacts of hydro projects on aquatic ecosystems...
September 14, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917611/end-of-life-practice-patterns-at-u-s-adult-cystic-fibrosis-care-centers-a-national-retrospective-chart-review
#15
Elaine Chen, Karen Homa, Jessica Goggin, Kathryn A Sabadosa, Sarah Hempstead, Bruce C Marshall, Albert Faro, Elisabeth P Dellon
BACKGROUND: There are many challenges to providing end-of-life care (EOLC) to people with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: Chart abstraction was used to examine EOLC in adults with CF who died between 2011 and 2013. RESULTS: We reviewed 248 deaths from 71 CF care centers. Median age at death was 29years (range 18-73). While median FEV1 was in the severe lung disease category (FEV1<40%), 38% had mild or moderate lung disease in the year preceding death...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917251/advances-in-external-beam-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-principle-concerns-in-implementing-a-liver-radiation-program
#16
Stewart Gaede, Michael I Lock
Despite significant advances in diagnosis, surgery and medical oncology, patients with primary and secondary liver cancer have some of the worst prognoses in oncology. In addition, the incidence of liver cancer is expected to increase. For this reason, centres are seeking new treatments and establishing specialized multidisciplinary teams. This article will focus on the evidence and practical data to assist in setting up or improving current process pathways, to provide an efficient and safe radiotherapy program for liver...
September 2017: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916926/informatics-for-precision-medicine-and-healthcare
#17
Jiajia Chen, Yuxin Lin, Bairong Shen
The past decade has witnessed great advances in biomedical informatics. Biomedical informatics is an emerging field of healthcare that aims to translate the laboratory observation into clinical practice. Smart healthcare has also developed rapidly with ubiquitous sensor and communication technologies. It is able to capture the online patient-centric phenotypic variables, thus providing a rich information base for translational biomedical informatics. Biomedical informatics and smart healthcare represent two interrelated disciplines...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#18
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914769/multifunctional-nanotechnology-enabled-sensors-for-rapid-capture-and-detection-of-pathogens
#19
REVIEW
Fatima Mustafa, Rabeay Y A Hassan, Silvana Andreescu
Nanomaterial-based sensing approaches that incorporate different types of nanoparticles (NPs) and nanostructures in conjunction with natural or synthetic receptors as molecular recognition elements provide opportunities for the design of sensitive and selective assays for rapid detection of contaminants. This review summarizes recent advancements over the past ten years in the development of nanotechnology-enabled sensors and systems for capture and detection of pathogens. The most common types of nanostructures and NPs, their modification with receptor molecules and integration to produce viable sensing systems with biorecognition, amplification and signal readout are discussed...
September 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914268/impact-of-hipaa-s-minimum-necessary-standard-on-genomic-data-sharing
#20
Barbara J Evans, Gail P Jarvik
This article provides a brief introduction to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) Privacy Rule's minimum necessary standard, which applies to sharing of genomic data, particularly clinical data, following 2013 Privacy Rule revisions. This research used the Thomson Reuters Westlaw database and law library resources in its legal analysis of the HIPAA privacy tiers and the impact of the minimum necessary standard on genomic data sharing. We considered relevant example cases of genomic data-sharing needs...
September 14, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
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