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Ultrasound guided nerve blocks

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215966/does-patient-perception-differ-following-adductor-canal-block-and-femoral-nerve-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-simultaneous-bilateral-randomized-study
#1
Hyun J Koh, In J Koh, Man S Kim, Keun Y Choi, Hyeon U Jo, Yong In
BACKGROUND: Femoral nerve block (FNB) has been used as part of the multimodal analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but leads to weakness in the quadriceps muscles. Recently, adductor canal block (ACB) was reported to provide effective pain relief while sparing the strength of the quadriceps. This simultaneous bilateral randomized study investigated whether patients perceived differences between ACB and the FNB after same-day bilateral TKA. METHODS: We performed a prospective simultaneous bilateral randomized study in 50 patients scheduled to undergo same-day bilateral TKA...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203021/-comparision-for-clinical-efficiency-of-continuous-adductor-canal-block-and-femoral-nerve-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#2
M W Zhao, N Wang, L Zeng, M Li, Z K Zhao, H Zhang, H Tian
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain control efficiency of continuous adductor canal block (ACB) and femoral nerve block (FNB) in total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: From April to September 2016, patients with severe knee osteoarthritis undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were prospectively observed, and all the patients were randomized received ultrasound-guided continuous ACB or FNB after surgery. Numeric pain rating scales(NPRS)pain scores in rest and activity 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h after surgery were collected, and the preoperative and postoperative quadriceps strength at 24 and 48 h were analyzed...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195898/ultrasound-guided-glossopharyngeal-nerve-block-a-cadaver-and-a-volunteer-sonoanatomy-study
#3
Josip Ažman, Tatjana Stopar Pintaric, Erika Cvetko, Kamen Vlassakov
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Glossopharyngeal nerve (GPN) blocks are usually performed by topical, intraoral, or peristyloid approaches, which carry significant complication risks due to the proximity of important neurovascular structures. This study presents a proof of concept for a new ultrasound (US)-guided technique, which would block the GPN distally, in the parapharyngeal space, away from the immediate vicinity of high-risk collateral structures. METHODS: Five cadaver heads were dissected, and the location of the GPN was explored bilaterally...
March 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192896/ultrasound-guided-pectoral-nerves-and-serratus-plane-block-for-post-thoracotomy-pain-syndrome
#4
Emanuele Piraccini, Morena Calli, Helen Byrne, Ruggero M Corso, Stefano Maitan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192858/deep-and-superficial-circumflex-iliac-arteries-and-their-relationship-to-the-ultrasound-guided-femoral-nerve-block-procedure-a-cadaver-study
#5
Keiko Ogami, Hiroaki Murata, Akiko Sakai, Shuntaro Sato, Kazunobu Saiki, Keishi Okamoto, Yoshitaka Manabe, Tetsuya Hara, Toshiyuki Tsurumoto
BACKGROUND: The in-plane lateral to medial approach is a standard technique for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block (USG-FNB). The first bifurcation of the femoral artery, which consists of the deep artery of the thigh (DAT) or occasionally the lateral circumflex femoral artery (LCFA), is regarded as the distal border for this procedure. We sometimes detect arteries along the estimated needle trajectory for USG-FNB. The superficial (SCIA) and deep (DCIA) circumflex iliac arteries run laterally parallel to the inguinal ligament from the femoral or external iliac artery...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188578/ultrasound-guided-forearm-nerve-blocks-in-managing-hand-and-finger-injuries
#6
Rebecca Milligan, Stephen Houmes, Lisa C Goldberg, Arun Nagdev, Richard Amini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186626/ultrasound-guided-dorsal-penile-nerve-block-performed-in-a-case-of-zipper-entrapment-injury
#7
Gabriel Rose, Vincent Costa, Aaran Drake, Sebastian D Siadecki, Turandot Saul
Injury to the penis resulting from zipper entrapment is a painful condition that presents a unique anesthetic challenge to the emergency physician and may even require procedural sedation for removal. In this case report, we describe successful removal of zipper entrapment from the penis of a 34-year-old patient after the application of an ultrasound-guided dorsal penile nerve block. We discuss the anatomy, sonographic features, and steps required for the nerve block procedure. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185262/ultrasound-guided-approach-to-nerves-direct-vs-tangential-and-the-incidence-of-intraneural-injection-a-cadaveric-study
#8
L A Sermeus, X Sala-Blanch, J G McDonnell, C A Lobo, B J Nicholls, G J van Geffen, O Choquet, G Iohom, B de Jose Maria Galve, C Hermans, M Lammens
This study evaluated the incidence of nerve puncture and intraneural injection based on the needle approach to the nerve (direct vs. tangential). Two expert operators in regional anaesthesia performed in-plane ultrasound-guided nerve blocks (n = 158) at different levels of the brachial plexus in cadavers, aiming either directly for the nerve (n = 77) or tangentially inferior to the nerve (n = 81). After reaching the outer limit of the nerve, the needle was intentionally advanced approximately 1 mm in both approaches, and 0...
February 10, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184266/utility-of-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-day-case-inguinal-hernia-repair
#9
Luciano Frassanito, Sara Pitoni, Gianluigi Gonnella, Sergio Alfieri, Miryam Del Vicario, Stefano Catarci, Gaetano Draisci
BACKGROUND: The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a regional anesthesia technique that effectively reduces the pain intensity and use of analgesia in abdominal surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the utility of the ultrasound-guided TAP block in improving the efficacy of the ultrasound-guided ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve (IIN/IHN) block for intraoperative anesthesia and postoperative pain control in day-case inguinal hernia repair (IHR). METHODS: We conducted a descriptive study of patients undergoing elective primary unilateral open IHR...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183577/sonoanatomic-indices-of-lumbar-facet-joints-in-patients-with-facetogenic-back-pain-in-comparison-to-healthy-subjects
#10
Poupak Rahimzadeh, Hamid Reza Faiz, Ali Reza Baghaee, Nader D Nader
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, ultrasound is increasingly used with a great accuracy in performing nerve blocks for facet joint disease. OBJECTIVES: To measure sonoanatomic characteristics for the facet joints of lumbar vertebras in patients with facetogenic pain and healthy volunteers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. SETTING: University-affiliated Specialty Clinic for Pain Management. PATIENTS: Twenty patients with facet joint disease (FJD) and 40 healthy volunteers (HVGs) were matched for age and sex, height, and weight...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166067/ultrasound-guided-femoral-nerve-block-to-provide-analgesia-for-positioning-patients-with-femur-fracture-before-subarachnoid-block-comparison-with-intravenous-fentanyl
#11
S Ranjit, B B Pradhan
Background Positioning patients with fractured femur for subarachnoid block is painful. Intravenous analgesics or peripheral nerve block like femoral nerve block or fascia iliaca compartment block are some of the available techniques to reduce pain. We compared the efficacy of femoral nerve block and intravenous fentanyl in providing effective analgesia before positioning for subarachnoid block. Objective This study was designed to compare between ultrasound guided femoral nerve block with lignocaine and intravenous fentanyl in providing effective analgesia before positioning patient with femur fracture in sitting position for subarachnoid block...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162635/-389-treatment-of-refractory-trigeminal-neuralgia-caused-by-head-and-neck-radiation-with-ultrasound-guided-trigeminal-nerve-block
#12
A Ebrahimi, A Nader, M Kendall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162634/-390-dexamethasone-versus-triamcinolone-side-effects-for-ultrasound-guided-trigeminal-nerve-block-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-typical-or-atypical-facial-pain
#13
A Nader, M Kendall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158160/ultrasound-guided-block-of-the-suprascapular-nerve-in-breast-cancer-survivors-with-limited-shoulder-motion-case-series
#14
Sibel Caglar Okur, Ozden Ozyemisci-Taskiran, Yasemin Pekindogan, Murat Mert, Nil Syiner Caglar
BACKGROUND: Suprascapular nerve block is performed in the management of chronic shoulder pain and frozen shoulder. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of ultrasound-guided suprascapular nerve block in restoration of shoulder motion in breast cancer survivors. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study. SETTING: A training and research hospital, outpatient setting. METHODS: A total of 18 breast cancer survivors with limited shoulder motion, pain, and difficulty in positioning the upper extremity for radiation treatment following surgery were enrolled in this study...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157792/ultrasound-guided-costoclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-sonoanatomy-technique-and-block-dynamics
#15
Jia Wei Li, Banchobporn Songthamwat, Winnie Samy, Xavier Sala-Blanch, Manoj Kumar Karmakar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe in detail the relevant sonoanatomy, technique, and block dynamics of an ultrasound-guided costoclavicular brachial plexus block (BPB). METHODS: Thirty patients scheduled for hand or forearm surgery under a BPB underwent transverse ultrasound imaging of the medial infraclavicular fossa to identify the cords of the brachial plexus at the costoclavicular space (CCS). An ultrasound-guided BPB was then performed at the CCS with 20 mL of 0...
March 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154824/ultrasound-guided-quadratus-lumborum-block-an-updated-review-of-anatomy-and-techniques
#16
REVIEW
Hironobu Ueshima, Hiroshi Otake, Jui-An Lin
Purpose of Review. Since the original publication on the quadratus lumborum (QL) block, the technique has evolved significantly during the last decade. This review highlights recent advances in various approaches for administering the QL block and proposes directions for future research. Recent Findings. The QL block findings continue to become clearer. We now understand that the QL block has several approach methods (anterior, lateral, posterior, and intramuscular) and the spread of local anesthetic varies with each approach...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144159/anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-management-challenges
#17
REVIEW
Eleni Chrona, Georgia Kostopanagiotou, Dimitrios Damigos, Chrysanthi Batistaki
Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is a commonly underdiagnosed and undertreated chronic state of pain. This syndrome is characterized by the entrapment of the cutaneous branches of the lower thoracoabdominal intercostal nerves at the lateral border of the rectus abdominis muscle, which causes severe, often refractory, chronic pain. This narrative review aims to identify the possible therapeutic strategies for the management of the syndrome. Seventeen studies about ACNES therapy were reviewed; of them, 15 were case-control studies, case series, or case reports, and two were randomized controlled trials...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126454/ultrasound-guided-retroclavicular-approach-infraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-for-upper-extremity-emergency-procedures
#18
Josh Luftig, Daniel Mantuani, Andrew A Herring, Arun Nagdev
The America Society of Anesthesiology guidelines recommend multimodal analgesia that combines regional anesthetic techniques with pharmacotherapy to improve peri-procedural pain management and reduce opioid related complications. Commonly performed emergency procedures of the upper extremity such as fracture and dislocation reduction, wound debridement, and abscess incision and drainage are ideal candidates for ultrasound-guided (USG) regional anesthesia of the brachial plexus. However, adoption of regional anesthesia by emergency practitioners has been limited by concerns for potential complications and perceived technical difficulty...
January 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121019/tibial-nerve-block-using-an-ultrasound-guided-inframalleolar-medial-plantar-nerve-perineural-injection-a-technical-note
#19
Christopher J Burke, Ronald S Adler
Sonographic-guided tibial nerve block allows for rapid anesthetization of the heel and plantar regions of the foot. We describe a variant technique for tibial nerve regional anesthesia utilizing perineural injection of the medial plantar nerve proximal to the sustentaculum tali where the nerve is superficial and readily accessed, with resultant retrograde flow of local anesthetic proximally. Perineural injection of the medial plantar nerve at the inframalleolar level provides a simple, safe, and effective alternative method to achieve tibial nerve block for regional anesthesia in a variety of procedures...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120017/-sciatic-nerve-block-out-of-plane-distal-to-the-bifurcation-effective-and-safe
#20
T Geiser, J Apel, O Vicent, J Büttner
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound guided distal sciatic nerve block (DSB) at bifurcation level shows fast onset and provides excellent success rates. However, its safe performance might be difficult for the unexperienced physician. Just slightly distal to the bifurcation, the tibial nerve (TN) and common fibular nerve (CFN) can be shown clearly separated from each other. Therefore, we investigated if a block done here would provide similar quality results compared to the DSB proximally to the division, with a potentially lower risk of nerve damage...
January 24, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
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