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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334427/capnography-versus-standard-monitoring-for-emergency-department-procedural-sedation-and-analgesia
#1
REVIEW
Brian F Wall, Kirk Magee, Samuel G Campbell, Peter J Zed
BACKGROUND: Procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) is used frequently in the emergency department (ED) to facilitate painful procedures and interventions. Capnography, a monitoring modality widely used in operating room and endoscopy suite settings, is being used more frequently in the ED setting with the goal of reducing cardiopulmonary adverse events. As opposed to settings outside the ED, there is currently no consensus on whether the addition of capnography to standard monitoring modalities reduces adverse events in the ED setting...
March 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333653/association-of-transient-hyperthyroidism-and-severity-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#2
Nor Zila Hassan Malek, Aida Kalok, Zainal Abidin Hanafiah, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Nor Azlin Mohamed Ismail
Background Transient non-immune hyperthyroidism in early pregnancy is hyperthyroidism diagnosed for the first time in early pregnancy, without evidence of thyroid autoimmunity or clinical findings of Grave's disease and resolved spontaneously as the pregnancy progressed. Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is the commonest cause with 66%-73% of women with severe HG were found to have elevated thyroid function. Materials and methods We conducted a cross sectional study to determine the prevalence of transient hyperthyroidism in patients with hyperemesis gravidarum and its relation to the severity of nausea and vomiting...
March 23, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325253/efficacy-and-safety-of-olanzapine-for-the-prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Jukapun Yoodee, Unchalee Permsuwan, Mantiwee Nimworapan
BACKGROUND: Olanzapine is an anti-psychotic drug that has been used for preventing and treating Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting (CINV). This study aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the efficacy and safety of olanzapine for prophylaxis and treatment of CINV. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials-CENTRAL up to July 15, 2016. All observational and intervention studies were included, but only the intervention studies were pooled for meta-analysis...
April 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#4
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322837/role-of-prostanoid-ep3-1-receptors-in-mechanisms-of-emesis-and-defaecation-in-ferrets
#5
Kelvin K W Kan, Man K Wai, Robert L Jones, John A Rudd
Prostanoid EP receptor agonists are used for a number of clinical indications but may be associated with gastric disturbance. In the present studies we used the ferret and sulprostone (30µg/kg, i.p.) to investigate the role of EP3/1 receptors in mechanisms of emesis and defaecation. The emetic response was antagonized significantly by (+)-(2S,3S)-3-(2-methoxybenzylamino)-2-phenlypiperidine hydrochloride (CP-99,994; 10mg/kg, i.p.; P<0.05), but not by metoclopramide (0.3 and 3mg/kg), ondansetron (0.1 and 1mg/kg), or scopolamine (3mg/kg); promethazine (3mg/kg) potentiated emesis by approximately 82% (P<0...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321977/the-relationship-between-hp-infection-and-vomiting-induced-by-gastrointestinal-cancer-chemotherapy
#6
Yiwei Yao, Chushu Ji, Yifu He, Yueyin Pan
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting are the most common adverse reactions to chemotherapy. AIM: To discuss the relationship between Helicobacter pylori (HP) and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). METHODS: One hundred twelve patients with malignant tumours of the gastrointestinal tract were selected. Based on the 14C-urea breath test results, the patients were divided into HP-positive (n = 59) and HP-negative (n = 53) groups...
March 21, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286114/mechanism-of-deoxynivalenol-effects-on-the-reproductive-system-and-fetus-malformation-current-status-and-future-challenges
#7
REVIEW
Miao Yu, Liangkai Chen, Zhao Peng, Andreas K Nüssler, Qinghua Wu, Liegang Liu, Wei Yang
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a toxic fungal secondary metabolite produced by molds of the Fusarium genus, and it is known to cause a spectrum of diseases both in humans and animals, such as emesis, diarrhea, anorexia, immunotoxicity, hematological disorders, impairment of maternal reproduction, and fetal development. The recently revealed teratogenic potential of DON has received much attention. In various animal models, it has been shown that DON led to skeletal deformities of the fetus. However, the underlying mechanisms are not yet fully understood, and toxicological data are also scarce...
March 7, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281318/intracranial-myxoid-mesenchymal-tumors-with-ewsr1-creb-family-gene-fusions-myxoid-variant-of-angiomatoid-fibrous-histiocytoma-or-novel-entity
#8
Tejus A Bale, Angelica Oviedo, Harry Kozakewich, Caterina Giannini, Phani K Davineni, Keith Ligon, Sanda Alexandrescu
BACKGROUND: Intracranial myxoid mesenchymal tumor harboring EWSR1 fusions with CREB family of genes was recently described, and it resembles the myxoid variant of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma. We present 3 pediatric patients with intracranial EWSR1-rearranged myxoid mesenchymal neoplasm and provide a molecular genetic characterization of these tumors. METHODS: Clinical histories and imaging results were reviewed. Histology, immunohistochemistry, EWSR1, FUS, NR4A3 fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and next generation sequencing (NGS) were performed...
March 9, 2017: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270854/antiemetic-and-myeloprotective-effects-of-rhus-verniciflua-stoke-in-a-cisplatin-induced-rat-model
#9
Hyo-Seon Kim, Hyeong-Geug Kim, Hwi-Jin Im, Jin-Seok Lee, Sung-Bae Lee, Won-Yong Kim, Hye-Won Lee, Sam-Keun Lee, Chang Kyu Byun, Chang-Gue Son
Rhus verniciflua Stoke has been commonly used in traditional medicine to treat gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction diseases. In order to investigate pharmacological properties of Rhus verniciflua Stoke water extract (RVX) on cisplatin-induced amnesia, RVX (0, 25, 50, or 100 mg/kg) was orally administrated for five consecutive days after a single intraperitoneal injection of cisplatin (6 mg/kg) to SD rat. Cisplatin injection significantly increased the kaolin intake (emesis) but reduced the normal diet intake (anorexia) whereas the RVX treatment significantly improved these abnormal diet behaviors at both the acute and delayed phase...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270851/reduced-need-for-rescue-antiemetics-and-improved-capacity-to-eat-in-patients-receiving-acupuncture-compared-to-patients-receiving-sham-acupuncture-or-standard-care-during-radiotherapy
#10
Anna Enblom, Gunnar Steineck, Mats Hammar, Sussanne Börjeson
Objective. To evaluate if consumption of emesis-related care and eating capacity differed between patients receiving verum acupuncture, sham acupuncture, or standard care only during radiotherapy. Methods. Patients were randomized to verum (n = 100) or sham (n = 100) acupuncture (telescopic blunt sham needle) (median 12 sessions) and registered daily their consumption of antiemetics and eating capacity. A standard care group (n = 62) received standard care only and delivered these data once. Results. More patients in the verum (n = 73 of 89 patients still undergoing radiotherapy; 82%, Relative Risk (RR) 1...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260949/a-randomized-crossover-trial-on-the-effect-of-compression-stockings-on-nausea-and-vomiting-in-early-pregnancy
#11
Erika Mendoza, Felix Amsler
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the impact of wearing compression stockings on women's quality of life (QoL) associated with nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy (NVP). METHODS: In this randomized, open, single-center, crossover study, 74 women were assigned 1:1 to 2 weeks with compression stockings followed by 2 weeks without or vice versa. The main outcomes were NVP-associated QoL, leg-related QoL, and dizziness, as assessed by the Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy Quality of Life (NVPQOL) questionnaire, Chronic Venous Disease Quality of Life (CIVIQ) questionnaire, and questions on dizziness at baseline and after each 2-week period, respectively...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257497/investigating-antimalarial-drug-interactions-of-emetine-dihydrochloride-hydrate-using-calcusyn-based-interactivity-calculations
#12
Holly Matthews, Jon Deakin, May Rajab, Maryam Idris-Usman, Niroshini J Nirmalan
The widespread introduction of artemisinin-based combination therapy has contributed to recent reductions in malaria mortality. Combination therapies have a range of advantages, including synergism, toxicity reduction, and delaying the onset of resistance acquisition. Unfortunately, antimalarial combination therapy is limited by the depleting repertoire of effective drugs with distinct target pathways. To fast-track antimalarial drug discovery, we have previously employed drug-repositioning to identify the anti-amoebic drug, emetine dihydrochloride hydrate, as a potential candidate for repositioned use against malaria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251254/-side-effects-of-chemotherapy
#13
K Hauner, P Maisch, M Retz
Urologic tumors are frequently treated by multimodal therapeutic strategies with the consequence of an increasing number of adverse events. The most common chemotherapy-induced side effects are neutropenia, stomatitis, mucositis, diarrhea, and emesis. The efficacy of tumor therapy can be improved by good prophylaxis and standardized management of side effects.
March 1, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244483/weekly-cisplatin-30-40-mg-m-2-as-radiosensitizer-is-it-high-or-moderate-emetic-agent
#14
A Karpe, V M Patil, A Joshi, V Noronha, S Gupta, A Ramaswamy, A Sahu, V Doshi, T Gupta, S Rath, S Banavali, K Prabhash
PURPOSE: The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) guideline recommends a high antiemetic prophylaxis for any dose of cisplatin. This hypothesis was tested by us in this analysis of solid tumor patients who received weekly cisplatin as a radiosensitizer in a dose range of 30-40 mg/m2. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 181 solid tumor patients who received weekly cisplatin (in the dose range of 30-40 mg/m2) as a radiosensitizer between July 2015 and August 2015...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243846/protective-effect-of-tropisetron-on-high-glucose-induced-apoptosis-and-oxidative-stress-in-pc12-cells-roles-of-jnk-p38-mapks-and-mitochondria-pathway
#15
Azadeh Aminzadeh
Tropisetron, a selective 5-HT3 receptor (5-HT3R) antagonist, is widely used to counteract chemotherapy-induced emesis. There is growing interest concerning the beneficial effects of tropisetron on the treatment of several diseases. This study was carried out to examine effects of tropisetron on high glucose (HG) induced apoptosis in PC12 cells as a suitable culture model for studying neuronal functions. Apoptosis was induced by HG, and cells were treated with HG in the absence and presence of tropisetron for varying periods of time...
February 27, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241811/the-burden-of-nausea-and-vomiting-during-pregnancy-severe-impacts-on-quality-of-life-daily-life-functioning-and-willingness-to-become-pregnant-again-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Kristine Heitmann, Hedvig Nordeng, Gro C Havnen, Anja Solheimsnes, Lone Holst
BACKGROUND: Though nausea and vomiting is very common during pregnancy, no studies have investigated the impact of this condition on the women's daily lives in a Scandinavian population. The aim of this study was to describe the burden of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) on global quality of life, daily life functioning and willingness to become pregnant again according to the severity of NVP symptoms. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional population-based study conducted in Norway...
February 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235999/concise-review-of-the-management-of-iatrogenic-emesis-using-cannabinoids-emphasis-on-nabilone-for-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting
#17
REVIEW
Joseph V Pergolizzi, Robert Taylor, Jo Ann LeQuang, Gianpietro Zampogna, Robert B Raffa
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is a prevalent, distressing, and burdensome side effect of cancer chemotherapy. It is estimated to affect the majority of patients receiving certain anti-cancer drug regimens and can be treatment-limiting, even for life-saving medications. Despite seemingly numerous options, such as antimuscarinic anticholinergics, antihistamines, 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, dopamine receptor antagonists, and neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists, preventative therapies are often inadequately effective, particularly for "delayed CINV"-leaving an important unmet clinical need...
March 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231602/observational-case-series-evaluation-of-the-granisetron-transdermal-patch-system-sancuso-for-the-management-of-nausea-vomiting-of-pregnancy
#18
Tran N Le, Michael T Adler, Holly Ouillette, Pamela Berens, Judith A Smith
Objective The objective of this study was to observe the efficacy of antiemetic therapy (no emesis/retching episodes and no rescue medication use) when granisetron is administered via a transdermal patch system (TDS) in women who are 6 to 14 weeks pregnant when compared with oral ondansetron by evaluating the frequency of the use of rescue medications for control of nausea/vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). Methods This was an observational case series study to observe the potential benefits of granisetron TDS compared with oral ondansetron for management of NVP in pregnant patients during the first trimester...
February 23, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229039/clofarabine-desensitization-a-case-report-leukemia-research-reports
#19
Sarah M Hayes, Justin A Wasko, Erica Dahl Warlick
We describe a relapsed AML patient who had two prior severe reactions to clofarabine involving rigors, emesis, tachycardia, hypotension, and acute kidney injury. Given previous prolonged remission achieved with clofarabine and cytarabine therapy years prior, rechallenge was undertaken upon discovery of AML relapse. We designed a desensitization protocol performed with the first dose of clofarabine, leading to successful administration of the entire clofarabine/cytarabine treatment course. From this case we show promise for clofarabine rechallenge after prior hypersensitivity reactions in patients with few treatment options for relapsed AML...
2017: Leukemia Research Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214641/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-causing-vision-loss-following-endoscopic-endonasal-resection-of-pituitary-adenoma-a-case-report
#20
Nicolas W Villelli, Daniel M Prevedello, Daniel S Ikeda, Alaa S Montaser, Bradley A Otto, Ricardo L Carrau
BACKGROUND: Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) is characterized by headache, altered mental status, visual changes, and seizure combined with brain imaging consistent with cerebral edema without infarction. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of PRES following an endoscopic endonasal resection of a pituitary macroadenoma. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 59-year-old female was diagnosed with a pituitary macroadenoma, for which she underwent endoscopic endonasal extracapsular resection...
February 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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