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infantile hepatic hemangioma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383241/co-existing-infantile-hepatic-hemangioma-and-mesenchymal-hamartoma-in-a-neonate
#1
Nicolas Berte, Alya Filfilan, Laurence Mainard, Ludovic Mansuy, Jean-Louis Lemelle
Infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH) and mesenchymal hamartoma (MH) form the first and second most common benign hepatic tumors in children. In this case report, we present a newborn child in whom a growing hepatic mass was discovered at the age of 7 days. She suffered also from anemia, respiratory and renal failure. No signs of heart disease or cutaneous lesions were detected. Alpha-fetoprotein was elevated for her age (3562.2 ng/ml). Imaging studies showed multifocal large cystic lesions associated with heterogeneous small solid lesions with arterial enhancement of the liver...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323060/spectrum-of-hepatobiliary-cystic-lesions-a-7-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-referral-center-in-north-india-and-review-of-literature
#2
Prasenjit Das, Pragya Sharma, Tripti Nakra, Shouriyo Ghosh, Rajni Yadav, Brijnandan Gupta, Gaurav Khanna, K S Madhusudhan, Rajesh Panwar, M K Anoop, Ragini Kilambi, Anand N Singh, Nihar R Dash, Sujoy Pal, Siddhartha Datta Gupta
CONTEXT: Cysts arising from the hepatobiliary tree are a group of heterogeneous lesions with regard to pathogenesis, clinical presentation, and radiological finding. They can be intrahepatic or extrahepatic, developmental, secondary to infective/inflammatory etiologies, as well as neoplastic. This study was conducted to determine the spectrum of hepatobiliary cysts in surgically intervened cases, with regard to their prevalence, histological spectrum, and clinicoradiological correlation, wherever possible...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185949/atypical-presentation-of-infantile-hepatic-hemangioma-a-case-study
#3
Ashley Sartori, Gayle Leary Omansky, Steven Ringer
Infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH) is the most common benign hepatic tumor of infancy. It is characterized by rapid proliferation in the first year of life, followed by slow involution during childhood. Presentation can range from asymptomatic to severe, high-output congestive heart failure (CHF). The purpose of this article is to review the case of an infant with an atypical presentation of IHH. It also addresses pathophysiology, diagnosis, management, and multidisciplinary team care.
November 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159525/hepatic-tumors-of-vascular-origin-imaging-appearances
#4
Eric C Ehman, Michael S Torbenson, Michael L Wells, Brian T Welch, Scott M Thompson, Ishan Garg, Sudhakar K Venkatesh
A number of benign and malignant neoplasms may arise from the vascular elements within the liver parenchyma. Lesions discussed in this article include angiosarcoma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, solitary fibrous tumor (hemangiopericytoma), infantile, and cavernous hemangiomas. Despite a common theme of vascular origin, the pathologic and imaging appearance of these entities can be heterogeneous. Angiosarcomas are bizarrely enhancing, highly aggressive tumors, which often present with metastatic disease...
November 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110981/distributive-shock-in-a-neonate-with-diffuse-infantile-hepatic-hemangioma
#5
James Brown, Rajan Arora, Usha Sethuraman
BACKGROUND: Hemangiomas are common cutaneous findings on healthy infants. These vascular malformations are generally benign, though in rare circumstances they can potentially be fatal. This is particularly true when the hemangiomas are large or numerous and occurring in visceral organs. Previously unrecognized visceral hemangiomas are part of the differential for any neonate presenting unexpectedly in shock. CASE REPORT: A 10-day-old neonate presented to the pediatric emergency department with difficulty breathing...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859030/treatment-of-refractory-infantile-hemangiomas-and-pulmonary-hypertension-with-sirolimus-in-a-pediatric-patient
#6
Kelley K Hutchins, Robert D Ross, Daisuke Kobayashi, Alissa Martin, Madhvi Rajpurkar
Infantile hemangioma is a benign vascular neoplasm that spontaneously involutes over time. Management, when needed, consists of medications, laser treatment and surgical excision. We describe a 3-year-old girl who presented shortly after birth with diffuse cutaneous hemangiomas, hepatosplenomegaly with liver lesions, anemia, and acute heart failure. She was diagnosed with hepatic and cutaneous infantile hemangioma based on skin biopsy. She developed progressive pulmonary hypertension with numerous pulmonary nodules suspicious for pulmonary arteriovenous malformations...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588832/diffuse-hepatic-hemangioma-with-single-cutaneous-hemangioma-an-alerting-occurrence
#7
Faten Al Tasseh, Merna El-Khansa, Omran Abd, Anoir Abdel Khalek, Nahida El-Rifai
Screening of infants with five or more cutaneous infantile hemangiomas with abdominal ultrasound is often recommended. However, diffuse hepatic hemangioma can develop even in patients with single cutaneous hemangioma. This highlights the importance of physical examination and screening ultrasound in these patients.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521077/clinical-case-series-of-pediatric-hepatic-angiosarcoma
#8
Kalee L Grassia, Caitlin M Peterman, Ionela Iacobas, Judith F Margolin, Ewa Bien, Bhavna Padhye, Rebecka L Meyers, Denise M Adams
Hepatic angiosarcoma is a rare, aggressive, malignant neoplasm with fewer than 50 cases reported in children. Prognosis is poor, with a minority surviving beyond 2 years after diagnosis. We report eight cases of pediatric hepatic angiosarcoma, diagnosed at a mean age of 3 years. Seven were initially diagnosed with an infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma (IHHE) or hemangioma and the eighth with a "vascular tumor." Two patients, who received liver transplant, survived. We suggest hepatic hemangiomas can rarely transform into angiosarcomas and a subset of IHHEs (Type II) are actually a low-grade form of angiosarcoma rather than a benign lesion...
November 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302004/a-new-perspective-for-infantile-hepatic-hemangioma-in-the-age-of-propranolol-experience-at-baskent-university
#9
Faik Sarıalioğlu, Nalan Yazıcı, Ayşe Erbay, Fatih Boyvat, Şenay Demir, Figen Özçay, Nihal Uslu
Propranolol was first used in 2008 to treat hemangioma; its efficacy and safety have since changed the classical treatment indications. Infantile hepatic hemangioma presents as a spectrum of clinical conditions varying from simple asymptomatic lesions to lethal complications. Tufted hemangioma and Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma are congenital vascular tumors that lead to Kasabach-Merritt syndrome. Hemangiomas, like pure arteriovenous malformations, can cause hyperdynamic heart failure, and diffuse nodular-type hemangiomas can present with hypothyroidism...
March 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056491/propranolol-as-first-line-treatment-for-life-threatening-diffuse-infantile-hepatic-hemangioma-a-case-report
#10
Giulia Varrasso, Amalia Schiavetti, Silvia Lanciotti, Maria Sapio, Eva Ferrara, Alessandra De Grazia, Anna Clerico
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686480/fine-clinical-differences-between-patients-with-multifocal-and-diffuse-hepatic-hemangiomas
#11
Kai Li, Zuopeng Wang, Yinhua Liu, Wei Yao, Yin Gong, Xianmin Xiao
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that multifocal and diffuse hepatic hemangiomas are true infantile hemangiomas for which a continuum probably exists. We determined the similarities and fine differences between the two types of hemangioma and identified the multifocal subgroup of type, which needs timely treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients (4 males and 20 females; age 114±142days) with multifocal or diffuse hepatic hemangiomas who were treated between January 2000 and June 2015 were studied...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610342/history-of-the-infantile-hepatic-hemangioma-from-imaging-to-generating-a-differential-diagnosis
#12
REVIEW
Maria Gnarra, Gerald Behr, Alison Kitajewski, June K Wu, Sudha A Anupindi, Carrie J Shawber, Nick Zavras, Dimitrios Schizas, Chris Salakos, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
We aim to provide an up-to-date summary of infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH) and its misnomers and to dialectically present the differential diagnosis of these rare entities of the liver. Eligible peer-reviewed articles on hepatic infantile hemangiomas, published between 2000 and 2015, were reviewed for this study. IHH is the most common hepatic vascular tumor in children. Once a liver mass is identified in an infant, the differential diagnosis ranges from vascular malformations to benign and malignant tumors including mesenchymal hamartoma, hepatoblastoma, metastatic neuroblastoma, so careful physical examination, imaging studies, and, if indicated, tumor markers and biopsy, are of pivotal importance to ascertain the correct diagnosis...
August 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607318/infantile-hemangiomas-complications-and-treatments
#13
REVIEW
Carol Erin Cheng, Sheila Fallon Friedlander
Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common vascular tumors of infancy. While the majority regress without the need for intervention, approximately 10%, often site dependent, can cause serious complications and require treatment. IH complications can be categorized as life threatening, obstructive, ulcerative or disfiguring. Life threatening complications include airway and hepatic IHs. Functional complications obstructing vital structures or impairing function include periocular, nasal, labial, parotid, auricular, and breast IHs...
September 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530723/clinical-features-and-management-of-multifocal-hepatic-hemangiomas-in-children-a-retrospective-study
#14
Yi Ji, Siyuan Chen, Bo Xiang, Zhicheng Xu, Xiaoping Jiang, Xingtao Liu, Qi Wang, Guoyan Lu, Li Yang
Multifocal hepatic hemangioma (MHH) is a benign hepatic tumor that is commonly diagnosed in children with multiple cutaneous infantile hemangiomas (IHs). We present a review of all children with MHH at our institutions. Of the 42 patients, the median age at presentation of MHH was 2.5 months. Thirty-six (85.7%) patients had cutaneous IHs. Twelve (28.6%) patients were symptomatic at presentation. There was no significant association between the number of hepatic hemangiomas and the number of cutaneous IHs. Fourteen (33...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110421/neonatal-abdominal-hemangiomatosis-propranolol-beyond-infantile-hemangioma
#15
Siu Ying Angel Nip, Kam Lun Hon, Wing Kwan Alex Leung, Alexander K C Leung, Paul C L Choi
Hemangioma is the most common vascular tumor of infancy; presentation is often as cutaneous infantile hemangioma (IH). Cutaneous hemangioma is a clinical diagnosis. Most IHs follow a benign course, with complete involution without treatment in the majority of cases. Visceral hemangioma often involves the liver and manifests as a life-threatening disorder. Hepatic hemangiomas may be associated with high output cardiac failure, coagulopathy, and hepatomegaly which generally develop between 1 and 16 weeks of age...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26904545/elevated-serum-levels-of-alpha-fetoprotein-in-patients-with-infantile-hemangioma-are-not-derived-from-within-the-tumor
#16
Tinte Itinteang, Alice M Chibnall, Reginald Marsh, Jonathan C Dunne, Sophie de Jong, Paul F Davis, Philip Leadbitter, Swee T Tan
AIMS: The embryonic-like stem cell origin of infantile hemangioma (IH) and the observed elevated serum levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in patients with hepatic IH led us to investigate if this tumor was the source of AFP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured serial serum levels of AFP in patients with problematic proliferating IH treated with surgical excision or propranolol treatment. We also investigated the expression of AFP in extrahepatic IH samples using immunohistochemical staining, mass spectrometry, NanoString gene expression analysis, and in situ hybridization...
2016: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26717373/infantile-hepatic-hemangioendothelioma-associated-with-congestive-heart-failure-two-case-reports-with-different-outcomes
#17
Tao Wang, Yibin Wang, Yun Liang, Guoyan Lu
Infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma (IHH) is rare which can regress spontaneously. Arteriovenous shunts within hemangiomas, however, may result in pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) and congestive heart failure (CHF).The authors report 2 young infants suffering from multifocal IHH associated with CHF were both treated with glucocorticoid and transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE), but had different outcomes. The PAH decreased immediately and the symptoms of CHF were alleviated after TAE for both of them...
December 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26263875/benign-liver-tumors-in-children-outcomes-after-resection
#18
Sajid S Qureshi, Monica Bhagat, Seema Kembhavi, Tushar Vora, Mukta Ramadwar, Girish Chinnaswamy, Maya Prasad, Nehal Khanna, Sidharth Laskar
PURPOSE: Benign liver tumors in children are rare and data regarding the surgical outcomes are deficient. We reviewed our experience in the management of these tumors particularly the extent, safety, and effectiveness of surgical resection. METHODS: Between March 2005 and March 2014, 10/90 liver resections were performed for benign liver tumors. Three other patients received conservative treatment. Demographic characteristics, operative management, morbidity, and mortality were analyzed...
December 2015: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26223454/impact-of-screening-for-hepatic-hemangiomas-in-patients-with-multiple-cutaneous-infantile-hemangiomas
#19
Kristy L Rialon, Rudy Murillo, Rebecca D Fevurly, Ann M Kulungowski, David Zurakowski, Marilyn Liang, Harry P W Kozakewich, Ahmad I Alomari, Steven J Fishman
OBJECTIVES: Hepatic hemangiomas are often found in association with multiple cutaneous infantile hemangiomas. Screening abdominal ultrasonography has been recommended for patients with five or more cutaneous lesions. We sought to determine whether hemangiomas found through screening had improved clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients entered into our hepatic hemangioma registry between 1995 and 2012 were reviewed. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients with multiple cutaneous and hepatic hemangiomas were identified; 43 (60%) were detected through screening...
November 2015: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26216655/infantile-hepatic-hemangioma-role-of-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-angiography
#20
Nishant Aggarwal, Aylin Tekes, Thangamadhan Bosemani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
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