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Brachial plexus neonate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629251/neonatal-complications-amoung-596-infants-delivered-by-vacuum-extraction-in-relation-to-characteristics-of-the-extraction
#1
Cecilia Ekéus, Karin Wrangsell, Sandra Penttinen, Katarina Åberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between complicated vacuum extraction deliveries and neonatal complications. METHODS: Observational study including data on the management of 596 consecutive VE-deliveries at 6 different birth clinics in Sweden in 2013. We used logistic regression to examine the association between a complicated VE and: extracranial bleeding, severe neonatal complication (intracranial hemorrhage and/or asphyxia/low Apgar score and/or convulsions, and/or encephalopathy) and brachial plexus injury...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555780/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-hand-use-at-home-questionnaire-to-assess-amount-of-affected-hand-use-in-children-with-unilateral-paresis
#2
Yvonne Geerdink, Pauline Aarts, Menno Van Der Holst, Robert Lindeboom, Jan Van Der Burg, Bert Steenbergen, Alexander C Geurts
AIM: To describe the development of the parent-rated Hand-Use-at-Home questionnaire (HUH) assessing the amount of spontaneous use of the affected hand in children with unilateral paresis, and to test its internal structure, unidimensionality, and validity. METHOD: Parents of children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP) and professionals participated in the development of the HUH. To examine internal validity, data of 322 children (158 males, 164 females; mean age 6y 7mo, standard deviation [SD] 2y 1mo) with unilateral CP (n=131) or neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) (n=191) were collected...
May 29, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479130/increased-brain-activation-during-motor-imagery-suggests-central-abnormality-in-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy
#3
Galia V Anguelova, Serge Rombouts, J Gert van Dijk, Pieter F Buur, Martijn J A Malessy
Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy (NBPP) may lead to permanent impairment of arm function. As NBPP occurs when central motor programs develop, these may be ill-formed. We studied elbow flexion and motor imagery with fMRI to search for abnormal motor programming. We compared the cortical activity of adults with conservatively treated NBPP to that of healthy individuals stratified for hand dominance, using fMRI BOLD tasks of elbow flexion and motor imagery of flexion. Additionally, resting-state networks and regional gray matter volume were studied...
May 4, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445364/n-acetylcysteine-prevents-retrograde-motor-neuron-death-after-neonatal-peripheral-nerve-injury
#4
Joseph Catapano, Jennifer Zhang, David Scholl, Cameron Chiang, Tessa Gordon, Gregory H Borschel
BACKGROUND: Neuronal death may be an overlooked and unaddressed component of disability following neonatal nerve injuries, such as obstetric brachial plexus injury. N-acetylcysteine and acetyl-L-carnitine improve survival of neurons after adult nerve injury, but it is unknown whether they improve survival after neonatal injury, when neurons are most susceptible to retrograde neuronal death. The authors' objective was to examine whether N-acetylcysteine or acetyl-L-carnitine treatment improves survival of neonatal motor or sensory neurons in a rat model of neonatal nerve injury...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419287/prediction-algorithm-for-surgical-intervention-in-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy
#5
Thomas J Wilson, Kate W C Chang, Lynda J S Yang
BACKGROUND: Neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) results in reduced function of the affected arm with profound ramifications on quality of life. Advances in surgical technique have shown improvements in outcomes for appropriately selected patients. Patient selection, however, remains difficult. OBJECTIVE: To develop a decision algorithm that could be applied at the individual patient level, early in life, to reliably predict persistent NBPP that would benefit from surgery...
April 17, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318741/neonatal-magnetic-resonance-imaging-without-sedation-correlates-with-injury-severity-in-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#6
Andrea S Bauer, Peter Y Shen, Anna E Nidecker, Paul S Lee, Michelle A James
PURPOSE: Which infants with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) should undergo microsurgical plexus reconstruction remains controversial. The current gold standard for the decision for plexus reconstruction is serial clinical examinations, but this approach obviates the possibility of early surgical treatment. We hypothesize that a new technique using 3-dimensional volumetric proton density magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without sedation can evaluate the severity of BPBP injury earlier than serial clinical examinations...
May 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099684/a-multistate-population-based-analysis-of-linked-maternal-and-neonatal-discharge-records-to-identify-risk-factors-for-neonatal-brachial-plexus-injury
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Michael D Freeman, Shaun M Goodyear, Wendy M Leith
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interaction and contribution of maternal and fetal risk factors associated with neonatal brachial plexus injury (BPI). METHODS: In a case-control study, matched maternal and neonatal discharge records were accessed from US State Inpatient Databases for New Jersey (2010-2012), Michigan (2010-2011), and Hawaii (2010-2011). Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to evaluate associations between risk factors and BPI. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to build predictive models, including two stratified models evaluating deliveries among obese and diabetic cohorts...
March 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935564/high-prevalence-of-cranial-asymmetry-exists-in-infants-with-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy
#8
Megan Tang, Kimberly A Gorbutt, Ammanath Peethambaran, Lynda Yang, Virginia S Nelson, Kate Wan-Chu Chang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to: 1) evaluate the prevalence of cranial asymmetry (positional plagiocephaly) in infants with neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP); 2) examine the association of patient demographics, arm function, and NBPP-related factors to positional plagiocephaly; and 3) determine percentage of spontaneous recovery from positional plagiocephaly and its association with arm function. METHODS: Infants < 1 year of age with NBPP and no previous exposure to plagiocephaly cranial remolding therapy or surgical intervention were recruited for this prospective cross-sectional study...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926680/humeral-retroversion-in-children-with-shoulder-internal-rotation-contractures-secondary-to-upper-trunk-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy
#9
Michael L Pearl, Michael Batech, Fabian van de Bunt
BACKGROUND: The most common sequela of neonatal brachial plexus palsy is an internal rotation contracture of the shoulder that impairs function and leads to skeletal deformation of the glenohumeral joint. Treatment options include release, transfers, and humeral osteotomy, all ultimately striving for better function through increased external rotation. Prior studies have shown that neonatal brachial plexus palsy alters humeral retroversion but with conflicting findings. We studied retroversion in children with internal rotation contractures from neonatal brachial plexus palsy to clarify its effect on version and surgical planning...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921380/induction-of-labour-for-suspected-macrosomia-at-term-in-non-diabetic-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
E R Magro-Malosso, G Saccone, M Chen, R Navathe, M Di Tommaso, V Berghella
BACKGROUND: Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) compared induction of labour with expectant management in non-diabetic women with suspected fetal macrosomia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of labour induction for suspected fetal macrosomia. SEARCH STRATEGY: Literature search in electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included all RCTs of suspected fetal macrosomia comparing labour induction with expectant management in term pregnancy...
February 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834085/neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy-and-causation
#11
EDITORIAL
M J Turner, M Farren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784179/neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy-obstetric-factors-associated-with-litigation
#12
Suneet P Chauhan, Kate W-C Chang, Nana-Ama Esi Ankumah, Lynda J-S Yang
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare characteristics between neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) cases that were litigated versus those that were not. STUDY DESIGN: From May to December 2012, the University of Michigan Interdisciplinary Brachial Plexus Program surveyed 51 consecutive families whose children were treated for NBPP. Obstetric data was self-reported. Unless NBPP resolved, children were followed for at least two years. Student's t-test and Chi-square test with odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals were calculated...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771202/-in-case-of-fetal-macrosomia-the-best-strategy-is-the-induction-of-labor-at-38%C3%A2-weeks-of-gestation
#13
REVIEW
P Rozenberg
Macrosomic fetuses are at increased risk of obstetric complications, and notably shoulder dystocia, responsible for a severe neonatal morbidity. In case of fetal macrosomia, three options are: (i) the elective cesarean delivery, but this is recommended only when the estimated fetal weight is≥4500g for diabetic women and 5000g for non-diabetic women; (ii) the expectative management, but children with birth weight≥4500 had significantly increased risk of perinatal mortality, neonatal asphyxia, trauma, and cesarean delivery; (iii) the induction of labor which, reducing the possibility of fetal growth, reduce the risk of cesarean delivery for cephalopelvic disproportion and shoulder dystocia...
November 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663913/-simulation-benefits-in-obstetrical-emergency-which-proof-level
#14
P Raynal
Simulation in obstetrical emergency is in expansion. The important economic and human cost in simulation needs a real evaluation about enhancement in technical and non-technical skills, maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. We present a literature review of the results published on the subject in shoulder dystocia, post-partum haemorrhage, eclampsia and cord prolaps with a selection of publications with high evidence level or positive impact of training on obstetrical emergencies. There are few publications with a positive impact of training on obstetrical emergencies...
October 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612080/serial-casting-for-elbow-flexion-contractures-in-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy
#15
B J Duijnisveld, D Steenbeek, R G H H Nelissen
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of serial casting of elbow flexion contractures in neonatal brachial plexus palsy. METHODS: A prospective consecutive cohort study was performed with a median follow-up of 5 years. Forty-one patients with elbow flexion contractures ≥ 30° were treated with serial casting until the contracture was ≤ 10°, for a maximum of 8 weeks. Range of motion, number of recurrences and patient satisfaction were recorded and analyzed using Wilcoxon signed-rank and Cox regression tests...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606502/non-sedated-rapid-volumetric-proton-density-mri-predicts-neonatal-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy-functional-outcome
#16
Peter Y Shen, Anna E Nidecker, Ethan A Neufeld, Paul S Lee, Michelle A James, Andrea S Bauer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The current prognostic biomarker of functional outcome in brachial plexus birth palsy is serial clinical examination throughout the first 6 months of age. This can delay surgical treatment and prolong parental anxiety in neonates who will recover spontaneously. A potentially superior biomarker is a volumetric proton density MRI performed at clinical presentation and within the first 12 weeks of life, providing a high spatial and contrast resolution examination in 4 minutes...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594149/culturing-schwann-cells-from-neonatal-rats-by-improved-enzyme-digestion-combined-with-explants-culture-method
#17
Di Liu, Xiao-Chun Liang, Hong Zhang
Objective To develop an improved method for culturing Schwann cells(SCs) by using both enzyme digestion and explants-culture approaches and compared with traditional explants-culture method and general hemi-explants-culture method. Methods Bilaterally sciatic nerves and brachial plexus nerves were dissected from 3 to 5-day-old neonatal SD rats and explants-culture method,general hemi-explants-culture method,and improved enzyme digestion combined with explants-culture method were adopted to culture SCs,respectively...
August 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519824/health-related-quality-of-life-components-in-children-with-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy-a-qualitative-study
#18
Kate W-C Chang, Amy Austin, Jan Yeaman, Lauren Phillips, Anna Kratz, Lynda J-S Yang, Noelle E Carlozzi
BACKGROUND: Currently, no published, validated patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) exist for use with neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP). NBPP is a debilitating condition that occurs during the perinatal period, resulting in paralysis/paresis and loss of sensation in the affected arm. Commonly used NBPP measures are not comprehensive and do not fully account for clinically meaningful changes in function or progression of the disorder. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate important components of HRQOL for children with NBPP and identify where new PRO measures are needed...
April 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473649/neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy-in-children-aged-0-to-2-5%C3%A2-years-parent-perceived-family-impact-quality-of-life-and-upper-extremity-functioning
#19
Menno van der Holst, Duco Steenbeek, Willem Pondaag, Rob G H H Nelissen, Thea P M Vliet Vlieland
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether parents perceive impact of neonatal brachial plexus palsy on family and quality of life and upper extremity functioning in children less than 2.5 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used the PedsQL Family Impact Module (36 items/one total/four scales/scores 0 to 100), TNO-AZL (Dutch Organisation of Applied Natural Science and Academic Hospital Leiden) Preschool Children Quality of Life (43 items/12 scales/scores 0 to 100) and 21 upper extremity functioning questions...
September 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472147/vacuum-extraction-in-fetal-macrosomia-and-risk-of-neonatal-complications-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Katarina Åberg, Mikael Norman, Karin Pettersson, Cecilia Ekéus
INTRODUCTION: High birthweight is associated with complicated childbirth. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between birthweight, mode of delivery, and neonatal complications among infants born at term with a birthweight ≥3000 g. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This population-based cohort study used data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register from 1999 to 2012, including 1 030 775 births at >36 completed weeks. Exposure was mode of delivery, categorized into non-instrumental vaginal delivery (VD), emergency cesarean section (CS), vacuum extraction (VE) or cesarean section following attempted vacuum extraction (VE + CS), and birthweight was divided into five categories (3000-3999 g, 4000-4499 g, 4500-4999 g, and ≥5000 g)...
October 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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