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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914017/mothers-fathers-and-parental-systems-a-conceptual-model-of-parental-engagement-in-programmes-for-child-mental-health-connect-attend-participate-enact-cape
#1
Patrycja J Piotrowska, L A Tully, R Lenroot, E Kimonis, D Hawes, C Moul, P J Frick, V Anderson, M R Dadds
Parenting programmes are one of the best researched and most effective interventions for reducing child mental health problems. The success of such programmes, however, is largely dependent on their reach and parental engagement. Rates of parental enrolment and attendance are highly variable, and in many cases very low; this is especially true of father involvement in parenting programmes. This paper proposes a conceptual model of parental engagement in parenting programmes-the CAPE model (Connect, Attend, Participate, Enact) that builds on recent models by elaborating on the interdependent stages of engagement, and its interparental or systemic context...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913907/development-of-a-culturally-informed-child-safety-curriculum-for-american-indian-families
#2
Ryan M Berns, Emily J Tomayko, Kate A Cronin, Ronald J Prince, Tassy Parker, Alexandra K Adams
American Indian (AI) children are disproportionately affected by unintentional injuries, with injury mortality rates approximately 2.3 times higher than the combined rates for all children in the United States. Although multiple risk factors are known to contribute to these increased rates, a comprehensive, culturally informed curriculum that emphasizes child safety is lacking for this population. In response to this need, academic and tribal researchers, tribal community members, tribal wellness staff, and national child safety experts collaborated to develop a novel child safety curriculum...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913773/pediatric-nutrition-assessment-anthropometrics-to-zinc
#3
Kelly Green Corkins, Erin E Teague
Pediatric patients with chronic illnesses or diseases or who require long-term nutrition support are most vulnerable to nutrition-related issues. Malnutrition in a pediatric patient may negatively affect long-term growth and development. Children also become malnourished much more quickly than adults. A comprehensive nutrition assessment that includes food and nutrition-related history, anthropometric measurements, biochemical data, medical tests and procedures, nutrition-focused physical findings, and patient history should be completed on these patients as no one parameter is a comprehensive indicator of nutrition status...
December 2, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913688/left-ventricle-transcriptomic-analysis-reveals-connective-tissue-accumulation-associates-with-initial-age-dependent-decline-in-v%C3%AC-o2peak-from-its-lifetime-apex
#4
Gregory N Ruegsegger, Ryan G Toedebusch, Joshua F Braselton, Thomas E Childs, Frank W Booth
Peak oxygen consumption (V̇O2peak) strongly predicts morbidity and mortality better than other established risk factors, yet mechanisms associated with its age-associated decline are unknown. Our lab has shown that V̇O2peak first begins to decrease at the same age of 19-20 weeks old in both sedentary and wheel-running, female Wistar rats (Toedebusch et al., Physiol Genomics. 48:101-15, 2016). Here, we employed a total systemic approach using unsupervised interrogation of mRNA with RNA-sequencing. The purpose of our study was to analyze transcriptomic profiles from both sedentary (SED) and wheel-running (RUN) conditions as a strategy to identify pathways in the left ventricle that may contribute to the initial reductions in V̇O2peak occurring between 19 and 27 weeks of age...
December 2, 2016: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912741/impact-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-nutritional-education-and-physical-activity-in-primary-public-schools-in-chile-kind-programme-study-protocol-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Nelly Bustos, Sonia Olivares, Bárbara Leyton, Marcelo Cano, Cecilia Albala
BACKGROUND: Chile has suffered a fast increase in childhood obesity in the last 10 years. As a result, several school programmes have been implemented, however the effectiveness of these needs to be evaluated to identify and prioritize strategies to curve this trend. METHODS: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Twelve primary public schools chosen at random over three regions of the country will take part in this study. The sample size consisted of a total of 1,655 children...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911938/motion-plan-changes-predictably-in-dyadic-reaching
#6
Atsushi Takagi, Niek Beckers, Etienne Burdet
Parents can effortlessly assist their child to walk, but the mechanism behind such physical coordination is still unknown. Studies have suggested that physical coordination is achieved by interacting humans who update their movement or motion plan in response to the partner's behaviour. Here, we tested rigidly coupled pairs in a joint reaching task to observe such changes in the partners' motion plans. However, the joint reaching movements were surprisingly consistent across different trials. A computational model that we developed demonstrated that the two partners had a distinct motion plan, which did not change with time...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911219/anxiety-mediates-the-relation-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-genito-pelvic-pain-in-adolescent-girls
#7
Marie Santerre-Baillargeon, Pascale Vézina-Gagnon, Isabelle Daigneault, Tina Landry, Sophie Bergeron
Previous research has demonstrated associations between child sexual abuse, anxiety and genito-pelvic pain, but no study to date has examined whether sexual abuse may be associated with genito-pelvic pain through victims' elevated anxiety. The present study aimed to determine whether anxiety mediates the relationship between child sexual abuse and genito-pelvic pain. Using self-report questionnaires, data were gathered from 218 sexually active adolescent girls recruited from seven metropolitan high schools...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910720/the-management-of-infection-with-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-young-children-post-2015-an-opportunity-to-close-the-policy-practice-gap
#8
Stephen M Graham
The treatment of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in young children is supported by universal policy based on strong rationale and evidence of effectiveness, but has rarely been implemented in tuberculosis endemic countries. Areas covered: This review highlights a number of important recent developments that provide an unprecedented opportunity to close the policy-practice gap, as well as ongoing needs to facilitate implementation under programmatic conditions and scale-up. Expert commentary: The WHO's End TB Strategy and Stop TB Partnership's Plan to End TB provide ambitious targets for prevention at a time when National Tuberculosis Programs in tuberculosis endemic countries are increasing attention to the challenges of management and prevention of tuberculosis disease in children...
December 2, 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910260/impact-of-small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-at-18%C3%A2-months-of-age-results-from-four-randomized-controlled-trials-in-africa
#9
Mary Arimond, Souheila Abbeddou, Chiza Kumwenda, Harriet Okronipa, Jaimie Hemsworth, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Eugenia Ocansey, Anna Lartey, Ulla Ashorn, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Stephen A Vosti, Sonja Y Hess, Kathryn G Dewey
Optimal infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices can help ensure nutrient adequacy and support healthy growth and development. Small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) have been proposed to help fill nutrient gaps, but little is known about the impact of provision of SQ-LNS on breastfeeding or complementary feeding practices. In the context of four coordinated randomized controlled nutrient supplementation trials in diverse sites in Africa, we compared IYCF practices at infant age 18 months (after 9-12 months of supplementation) between those receiving and not receiving SQ-LNS...
December 2, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910175/postanesthesia-evaluation-of-emotional-and-psychological-satisfaction-in-a-hispanic-population
#10
Angela Zauner, Alvaro Pinilla, Daniel Benitez, Alejandra Tellez, David Romero, Ana Suarez, Vanessa López, Eduardo Hermida
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction has a positive impact on clinical care. Different strategies, such as questionnaires, have been developed to evaluate and improve patient satisfaction. A validated pediatric anesthesia questionnaire previously showed the importance of perioperative care built upon a relationship of trust between healthcare providers and children and parents, and a comfortable environment in which satisfactory answers are provided. However, the questionnaire was validated in English, and no research exists on the use of satisfaction questionnaires in Spanish...
December 2, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909943/simulating-different-dosing-scenarios-for-a-child-appropriate-valproate-er-formulation-in-a-new-pediatric-two-stage-dissolution-model
#11
Frank Karkossa, Antonia Krueger, Jana Urbaniak, Sandra Klein
Predictive in vitro test methods addressing the parameters relevant to drug release in the pediatric gastrointestinal tract could be an appropriate means for reducing the number of in vivo studies in children. However, dissolution models addressing the particular features of pediatric gastrointestinal physiology and typical pediatric dosing scenarios have not yet been described. The objective of the present study was to combine the knowledge on common vehicle types and properties and current information on pediatric gastrointestinal physiology to design a dissolution model that enables a biorelevant simulation of the gastrointestinal conditions in young children...
December 1, 2016: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909931/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-mothers-and-fathers-family-level-interactions-in-relation-to-parenting
#12
David Williamson, Charlotte Johnston, Amira Noyes, Kurtis Stewart, Margaret D Weiss
Previous studies linking parent ADHD symptoms to parenting have typically focused on each parent individually. To provide a broader understanding of family context, in this study, levels of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity in mothers and fathers were examined, both individually and in combination, in relation to negative parenting and child-rearing disagreements. Two-parent families of 5 to 13 year old boys (126 with ADHD and 53 typically developing) participated. Parents reported their own ADHD symptoms and their perceptions of child-rearing disagreements...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909452/the-levels-of-cortisol-and-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-child-and-adolescent-victims-of-sexual-abuse-with-or-without-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Şeref Şimşek, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Cem Uysal, Hüseyin Aktaş
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether cortisol and oxidative stress levels and DNA damage differ between individuals who developed PTSD or not following a sexual trauma. METHODS: The study included 61 children aged between 5 and 17 years who sustained sexual abuse (M/F: 18/43). The patients were divided into two groups: patients with PTSD and patients without PTSD based, based on the results of a structured psychiatric interview (K-SADS-PL and CAPS-CA)...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909423/how-do-you-play-a-comparison-among-children-aged-4-10
#14
Elisa Delvecchio, Jian-Bin Li, Chiara Pazzagli, Adriana Lis, Claudia Mazzeschi
Pretend play has a central role for children's development and psychological well-being. However, there is a paucity of standardized and valid measures specifically devoted to assess the core domains involved in play activities in preschool and primary school children. The Affect in Play Scale-Preschool (4-5 years) and the Affect in Play Scale-Preschool Extended Version (6-10 years) are semi-structured parallel tools designed to explore child's cognitive and affective processes using a standardized play task...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909390/child-welfare-involved-parents-and-pathways-triple-p-perceptions-of-program-acceptability-and-appropriateness
#15
Ericka M Lewis, Megan Feely, Kristen D Seay, Nicole Fedoravicis, Patricia L Kohl
Nearly half of children in the child welfare system have clinically significant behavior problems and are at risk of developing disruptive behavioral disorders. Yet, behavioral parent training interventions, which are the most effective way to treat these problems, are rarely provided to child welfare involved families. As a result, little is known about the acceptability and appropriateness of these parent training interventions with these families. This qualitative study explored implementation outcomes of an evidenced-based parenting intervention, Pathways Triple P, with families in the child welfare system...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909237/the-impact-of-foster-parent-training-on-parenting-skills-and-child-disruptive-behavior-a-meta-analysis
#16
David T Solomon, Larissa N Niec, Ciera E Schoonover
Children in foster care are at risk for behavioral and emotional problems that require higher levels of care than other children. To meet these needs and reduce placement disruptions, foster parents require effective parenting skills. Although a number of training models have been evaluated, the findings on the efficacy of foster parent training (FPT) are mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis of the FPT outcome research from 1984 to 2014 to develop a clearer understanding of the impact of such trainings. Fifteen samples (16 studies) were identified that investigated the impact of FPT on self-reported parenting skills and knowledge and child problem behaviors...
November 30, 2016: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908434/an-observational-study-of-handwashing-compliance-in-a-child-care-facility
#17
Jeffrey Clark, Jennifer K Henk, Philip G Crandall, Mardel A Crandall, Corliss A O'Bryan
BACKGROUND: Handwashing (HW) compliance, although an effective means of limiting childhood illness, remains low among personnel in early childhood centers (ECCs). Our study determined HW compliance and efficacy of ECC personnel. METHODS: Surveillance cameras were used to determine HW opportunities, compliance, occurrences, and effectiveness based on child-care oriented criteria. RESULTS: We observed 349 HW triggering events, with 14 events per hour; a median of 2 personnel (caregivers, paraprofessional aides, or parents) were present at any given time period...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908287/is-mid-life-social-participation-associated-with-cognitive-function-at-age-50-results-from-the-british-national-child-development-study-ncds
#18
Ann Bowling, Jitka Pikhartova, Brian Dodgeon
BACKGROUND: Some studies have indicated that social engagement is associated with better cognitive outcomes. This study aimed to investigate associations between life-course social engagement (civic participation) and cognitive status at age 50, adjusting for social networks and support, behavioural, health, social and socio-economic characteristics. METHODS: The vehicle for the study was the National Child Development Study (1958 Birth Cohort Study), which is a general population sample in England, Scotland and Wales (9119: 4497 men and 4622 women) participating in nationally representative, prospective birth cohort surveys...
December 2, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908200/development-of-an-internet-version-of-the-lidcombe-program-of-early-stuttering-intervention-a-trial-of-part-1
#19
Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Sue O'brian, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: There is evidence that access to treatment for early stuttering is not available for all who need it. An internet version of the Lidcombe Program for early stuttering (Internet-LP) has been developed to deal with this shortfall. The LP is suitable for such development because it is delivered by parents in the child's everyday environment, with training by a speech-language pathologist. A Phase I trial of Internet-LP Part 1, comprising parent training, is reported here. METHOD: Eight parents of pre-schoolers who stutter were recruited and six completed the trial...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907897/cost-effectiveness-of-embryo-transfer-strategies-a-decision-analytic-model-using-long-term-costs-and-consequences-of-singletons-and-multiples-born-as-a-consequence-of-ivf
#20
M M J van Heesch, A D I van Asselt, J L H Evers, M A H B M van der Hoeven, J C M Dumoulin, C E M van Beijsterveldt, G J Bonsel, R H M Dykgraaf, J B van Goudoever, C Koopman-Esseboom, W L D M Nelen, K Steiner, P Tamminga, N Tonch, H L Torrance, C D Dirksen
STUDY QUESTION: What is the cost-effectiveness of elective single embryo transfer (eSET) versus double embryo transfer (DET) strategies from a societal perspective, when applying a time horizon of 1, 5 and 18 years? SUMMARY ANSWER: From a short-term perspective (1 year) it is cost-effective to replace DET with single embryo transfer; however when intermediate- (5 years) and long-term (18 years) costs and consequences are incorporated, DET becomes the most cost-effective strategy, given a ceiling ratio of €20 000 per quality-adjusted life years (QALY) gained...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
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