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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724164/predictive-characteristics-of-elevated-1-hour-glucose-challenge-test-results-for-gestational-diabetes
#1
Alan T N Tita, Yinglei Lai, Mark B Landon, Susan M Ramin, Brian Casey, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Anthony Sciscione, Patrick Catalano, Margaret Harper, George R Saade, Steve N Caritis, Yoram Sorokin, Alan M Peaceman, Jorge E Tolosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723929/clinical-utility-of-the-structured-observation-of-motor-performance-in-infants-within-the-child-health-services
#2
Kine Johansen, Kristina Persson, Karin Sonnander, Margaretha Magnusson, Anna Sarkadi, Steven Lucas
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical utility of the Structured Observation of Motor Performance in Infants (SOMP-I) when used by nurses in routine child healthcare by analyzing the nurses' SOMP-I assessments and the actions taken when motor problems were suspected. METHOD: Infants from three child health centers in Uppsala County, Sweden, were consecutively enrolled in a longitudinal study. The 242 infants were assessed using SOMP-I by the nurse responsible for the infant as part of the regular well-child visits at as close to 2, 4, 6 and 10 months of age as possible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723608/breastfeeding-and-the-gut-brain-axis-is-there-a-role-for-melatonin
#3
REVIEW
George Anderson, Cathy Vaillancourt, Michael Maes, Russel J Reiter
The benefits of breastfeeding over formula feed are widely appreciated. However, for many mothers breastfeeding is not possible, highlighting the need for a significant improvement in the contents of formula feed. In this article, the overlooked role of melatonin and the melatonergic pathways in breast milk and in the regulation of wider breast milk components are reviewed. There is a growing appreciation that the benefits of breastfeeding are mediated by its effects in the infant gut, with consequences for the development of the gut-brain axis and the immune system...
July 19, 2017: Biomolecular Concepts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722644/children-diagnosed-with-auditory-processing-disorder-and-their-parents-a-qualitative-study-about-perceptions-of-living-with-apd
#4
Sarah Lawton, Suzanne C Purdy, Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren
BACKGROUND: Negative psychosocial consequences have been reported for children with auditory processing disorder (APD). The current literature surrounding APD does not sufficiently address the emotional and psychological consequences of living with the disorder. It is recommended that data be collected from multiple sources, including the child living with APD. Subjective reports of the perceptions of children with APD and their families have real-life validity and can inform clinical decisions and guide future research...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722635/early-life-inflammation-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-bangladeshi-infants-growing-up-in-adversity
#5
Nona M Jiang, Fahmida Tofail, Jennie Z Ma, Rashidul Haque, Beth Kirkpatrick, Charles A Nelson, William A Petri
Exposure to profound adversity can negatively affect the neurodevelopment of children, but biologic mechanisms that underlie this association remain unknown. We sought to determine whether elevated levels of the inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and soluble CD14 (sCD14) are associated with neurodevelopmental outcomes in Bangladeshi children. A total of 422 infant-mother pairs from an urban slum in Dhaka, Bangladesh, were enrolled at birth and followed prospectively. Inflammation was measured with sCD14, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 at 18 weeks, and CRP at 6, 18, 40, and 53 weeks...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722556/spanning-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-mnch-and-health-systems-research-boundaries-conducive-and-limiting-health-systems-factors-to-improving-mnch-outcomes-in-west-africa
#6
Irene Akua Agyepong, Aku Kwamie, Edith Frimpong, Selina Defor, Abdallah Ibrahim, Genevieve C Aryeetey, Virgil Lokossou, Issiaka Sombie
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements over time, West Africa lags behind global as well as sub-Saharan averages in its maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) outcomes. This is despite the availability of an increasing body of knowledge on interventions that improve such outcomes. Beyond our knowledge of what interventions work, insights are needed on others factors that facilitate or inhibit MNCH outcome improvement. This study aimed to explore health system factors conducive or limiting to MNCH policy and programme implementation and outcomes in West Africa, and how and why they work in context...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722553/travelling-models-and-the-challenge-of-pragmatic-contexts-and-practical-norms-the-case-of-maternal-health
#7
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan, Aïssa Diarra, Mahaman Moha
As in other areas of international development, we are witnessing the proliferation of 'traveling models' developed by international experts and introduced in an almost identical format across numerous countries to improve some aspect of maternal health systems in low- and middle-income countries. These policies and protocols are based on 'miracle mechanisms' that have been taken out of their original context but are believed to be intrinsically effective in light of their operational devices.In reality, standardised interventions are, in Africa and elsewhere, confronted with pragmatic implementation contexts that are always varied and specific, and which lead to drifts, distortions, dismemberments and bypasses...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722548/the-change-makers-of-west-africa
#8
EDITORIAL
Sue Godt, Sharmila Mhatre, Anne-Marie Schryer-Roy
West Africa was the focus of global attention during the Ebola virus disease outbreak, when systemic health system weaknesses compounded a serious emergency and complicated response efforts. Following the crisis, calls were made to strengthen health systems, but investments to date have fallen short of delivering the support needed to build strong health systems able to prevent and manage future outbreaks.In part, this reality serves to highlight the shortcomings of the solutions being repeatedly prioritised by external funders and experts, solutions that often fail to consider the wealth of West African evidence and actors actively working to strengthen the leadership and health systems needed to drive and sustainably improve national health outcomes...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722116/opioids-for-cancer-related-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
REVIEW
Philip J Wiffen, Tess E Cooper, Anna-Karenia Anderson, Andrew L Gray, Marie-Claude Grégoire, Gustaf Ljungman, Boris Zernikow
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for pharmacological treatments for children's persisting pain acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. Views on children's pain have changed over time and relief of pain is now seen as important. In the past, pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, and it was assumed that children quickly forgot about painful experiences...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721958/cost-analysis-of-a-simulation-based-training-for-health-workforce-in-india
#10
Gursimer Jeet, Shankar Prinja, Arun Kumar Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Training of health-care workforce including doctors, staff nurses, and Auxiliary Nurse Midwives using simulation techniques for skill enhancement have been used in a variety of clinical settings to improve the quality of training. India adopted the skills laboratories model for capacity building of health workers in maternal and child health in Bihar state. OBJECTIVE: Current economic evaluation was performed with the objective of assessing the financial and economic cost of implementing skills laboratories...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721930/pharmacoresistant-epileptic-eyelid-twitching-in-a-child-with-a-mutation-in-syngap1
#11
Tetsuya Okazaki, Yoshiaki Saito, Rika Hiraiwa, Shinji Saitoh, Masachika Kai, Kaori Adachi, Yoko Nishimura, Eiji Nanba, Yoshihiro Maegaki
SYNGAP1 gene mutation has been associated with epilepsy which is often drug resistant, with seizure types including eyelid myoclonia. However, detailed descriptions, including ictal video-EEG, have not been reported. We report the case of a 4-year-old boy who developed recurrent epileptic eyelid twitching at 1 year and 5 months of age. Seizures gradually increased in frequency to more than 50 times per day and manifested with upward eye deviation, motion arrest, loss of consciousness, and eyelid twitching lasting for five seconds...
July 19, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721693/towards-relational-recovery-nurses-practices-with-consumers-and-families-with-dependent-children-in-mental-health-inpatient-units
#12
Kim Foster, Sophie Isobel
Facilitating parent-child and family connections during parental hospitalization provides important opportunities for mental health services to support individual and family recovery. Nurses are often the primary point of contact for families in the inpatient context. They play an integral role in the care provision of consumers and families and in supporting consumers' recovery. The aim of the present qualitative study was to explore nurses' practice with families in inpatient mental health settings in the context of designated family rooms...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721660/clinicopathologic-and-molecular-characteristics-of-familial-cherubism-with-associated-odontogenic-tumorous-proliferations
#13
Prokopios P Argyris, Rajaram Gopalakrishnan, Ying Hu, Ernst J Reichenberger, Ioannis G Koutlas
Cherubism is a rare autosomal dominant condition affecting the jaws and caused by mutations in the gene encoding for the adapter protein SH3BP2 that maps to chromosome 4p16.3. Cherubism is characterized by symmetrically developing bone lesions in the maxilla and mandible. The lesions have been radiographically and histopathologically well-described. Here, we present a family with cherubism with two of its members featuring odontogenic tumorous proliferations in association with persistent central giant cell lesions (CGCL)...
July 18, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720232/meta-analysis-of-the-predictive-factors-of-postpartum-fatigue
#14
Hanan A Badr, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
PURPOSE: Nearly 64% of new mothers are affected by fatigue during the postpartum period, making it the most common problem that a woman faces as she adapts to motherhood. Postpartum fatigue can lead to serious negative effects on the mother's health and the newborn's development and interfere with mother-infant interaction. The aim of this meta-analysis was to identify predictive factors of postpartum fatigue and to document the magnitude of their effects using effect sizes. METHOD: We used two search engines, PubMed and Google Scholar, to identify studies that met three inclusion criteria: (a) the article was written in English, (b) the article studied the predictive factors of postpartum fatigue, and (c) the article included information about the validity and reliability of the instruments used in the research...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720140/a-mixed-methods-protocol-for-developing-and-testing-implementation-strategies-for-evidence-based-obesity-prevention-in-childcare-a-cluster-randomized-hybrid-type-iii-trial
#15
Taren Swindle, Susan L Johnson, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Geoffrey M Curran
BACKGROUND: Despite the potential to reach at-risk children in childcare, there is a significant gap between current practices and evidence-based obesity prevention in this setting. There are few investigations of the impact of implementation strategies on the uptake of evidence-based practices (EBPs) for obesity prevention and nutrition promotion. This study protocol describes a three-phase approach to developing and testing implementation strategies to support uptake of EBPs for obesity prevention practices in childcare (i...
July 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720089/analysis-of-the-association-between-millennium-development-goals-4-5-and-the-physician-workforce-across-international-economic-strata
#16
Christopher P Morley, Dongliang Wang, Emily M Mader, Kyle P Plante, Lindsey N Kingston, Azadeh Rabiei
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are 8 international development goals voluntarily adopted by 189 nations. The goals included health related aims to reduce the under-five child mortality rate by two-thirds (MDG4), and to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters (MDG5). To assess the relationship between the healthcare workforce and MDGs 4-5, we examined the physician workforces of countries around the globe, in terms of the Physician Density Level (PDL, or number of physicians per 1000 population), and compared this rate across a number of years to several indicator variables specified as markers of progress towards MDG4 and MDG5...
July 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720085/my-child-cannot-breathe-while-sleeping-a-report-of-three-cases-and-review
#17
Won Hee Seo, Minkyu Park, So-Hee Eun, Seonkyeong Rhie, Dae Jin Song, Kyu-Young Chae
BACKGROUND: Sudden breath-holding episodes during sleep in young children are potentially related to sudden infant death syndrome and other life-threatening events. Additionally, these episodes can negatively affect child's growth and development. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present 3 cases of preschool children with similar paroxysmal nocturnal waking events associated with choking that had different etiologies (nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux disease, and parasomnia, respectively)...
July 18, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720035/home-visiting-and-the-health-of-preterm-infants
#18
Patrick H Casey, Carmen Irby, Sandra Withers, Susan Dorsey, Jingyun Li, Malik Rettiganti
The results of home visiting programs which target medically fragile low-birth-weight preterm infants (LBWPT) have been inconsistent. We provided nurse/social worker home visits to families of LBWPT infants on a regular schedule. Teams were trained in approaches to improve the health and development of the infants. The completion of immunization series was sigmificantly higher and the infant mortality rates of the home visits childen were significanly lower compared to national and state rates. We used state Medicaid data and examined frequency of hospitalization, emergency department visits, routine and nonscheduled visits to primary care physician, and pharmacy use of the home-visited subjects compared with a propensity-matched group...
August 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720023/early-motor-development-and-cognitive-abilities-among-mexican-preschoolers
#19
Erika Osorio-Valencia, Luisa Torres-Sánchez, Lizbeth López-Carrillo, Stephen J Rothenberg, Lourdes Schnaas
Psychomotricity plays a very important role in children's development, especially for learning involving reading-writing and mathematical calculations. Evaluate motor development in children 3 years old and its relationship with their cognitive abilities at the age of 5 years. Based on a cohort study, we analyzed the information about motor performance evaluated at 3 years old by Peabody Motor Scale and cognitive abilities at 5 years old. The association was estimated using linear regression models adjusted by mother's intelligence quotient, sex, Bayley mental development index at 18 months, and quality of the environment at home (HOME scale)...
July 18, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719918/-the-wish-for-a-child-in-the-case-of-permanent-infertility-development-of-the-german-questionnaire-on-attitudes-toward-motherhood
#20
Maike Fliegner, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Kerstin Krupp, Franziska Brunner
Study 1 Development of the questionnaire Most questionnaires on attitudes toward motherhood presume that the subject is fertile and positive and negative attitudes are represented on a one-dimensional scale. Moreover, the questionnaires often do not provide German versions and German norms. The aim of this study is to examine whether the German Questionnaire on Attitudes toward Motherhood ("FEMu") can be used to describe attitudes toward motherhood multi-dimensionally and whether it is applicable independent of a person's fertility status...
July 18, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
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