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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#1
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333837/-biodegradable-airway-stent-for-the-treatment-of-bronchial-obstruction-in-the-child-case-report
#2
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón
Bronchial obstruction is infrequent in the child. The main cause is malacia or benign stenosis. Management alternatives range from conservative treatment to complex surgical and/or endoscopic techniques. Placement of a stent can play a key role in situations where there is no other therapeutic option. However, the ideal stent is not yet available. In the last few years, progress has been made in the development and characterization of novel biodegradable materials in order to overcome the drawbacks of traditional stents made of silicone or metal...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333806/asq-3-validation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-for-the-detection-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-argentine-children
#3
Ana M Romero Otalvaro, Nora Grañana, Nadia Gaeto, María de Los Á Torres, María N Zamblera, María A Vasconez, Claudia Misenta, María E Rouvier, Jane Squires
INTRODUCTION: The systematic assessment of child development in the first years of life is an essential component of pediatric health checkups. The Ages and Stages Questionnaire, third edition (ASQ-3) is the most validated scale, and has been recommended by the UNICEF to verify if children have a normal neurological development. It is a monitoring instrument to assess the main developmental areas, including communication, gross motor, fine motor, personal-social, and problem solving skills, and to compare the local population to the international development standards...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333371/use-of-repeat-anterior-maxillary-distraction-to-correct-residual-midface-hypoplasia-in-cleft-patients
#4
Sunil Richardson, Shreya Krishna, Avi Bansal
Objectives: The study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of performing a second, repeat anterior maxillary distraction (AMD) to treat residual cleft maxillary hypoplasia. Materials and Methods: Five patients between the ages of 12 to 15 years with a history of AMD and with residual cleft maxillary hypoplasia were included in the study. Inclusion was irrespective of gender, type of cleft lip and palate, and the amount of advancement needed. Repeat AMD was executed in these patients 4 to 5 years after the primary AMD procedure to correct the cleft maxillary hypoplasia that had developed since the initial procedure...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333101/variations-in-the-aurka-gene-biomarkers-for-the-development-and-progression-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Bin Wang, Chin-Jung Hsu, Chia-Hsuan Chou, Hsiang-Lin Lee, Whei-Ling Chiang, Chen-Ming Su, Hsiao-Chi Tsai, Shun-Fa Yang, Chih-Hsin Tang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a liver malignancy and a major cause of cancer mortality worldwide. AURKA (aurora kinase A) is a mitotic serine/threonine kinase that functions as an oncogene and plays a critical role in hepatocarcinogenesis. We report on the association between 4 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the AURKA gene (rs1047972, rs2273535, rs2064836, and rs6024836) and HCC susceptibility as well as clinical outcomes in 312 patients with HCC and in 624 cancer-free controls. We found that carriers of the TT allele of the variant rs1047972 were at greater risk of HCC compared with wild-type (CC) carriers...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332616/addressing-children-s-needs-in-disasters-a-regional-pediatric-tabletop-exercise
#6
Sarita Chung, Aaron H Gardner, David J Schonfeld, Jessica L Franks, Marvin So, Eric J Dziuban, Georgina Peacock
OBJECTIVE: Preparing and responding to the needs of children during public health emergencies continues to be challenging. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of a tabletop exercise in initiating pediatric preparedness strategies and assessing the impact of the exercise on participants' understanding of and confidence in their roles during pediatric public health emergencies. METHODS: A tabletop exercise was developed to simulate a public health emergency scenario involving smallpox in a child, with subsequent spread to multiple states...
January 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332551/how-narratives-of-fear-shape-girls-participation-in-community-life-in-two-conflict-affected-populations
#7
Marni Sommer, Miguel Munoz-Laboy, Emily Wilkinson Salamea, Johanna Arp, Kathryn L Falb, Nadine Rudahindwa, Lindsay Stark
Numerous social factors shape girls' lives in conflict-affected settings, affecting their vulnerability to gender-based violence (GBV). Qualitative research methods were used to examine spaces of perceived safety and risk for girls living in two conflict-affected populations: camps in Ethiopia hosting primarily South Sudanese and Sudanese refugees and communities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Three major themes emerged: (a) challenges around caregiver-child communication regarding development, sex, and sexual violence; (b) a typology of safe/risky spaces; and (c) the influence of male-dominated spaces on experiences and fear of GBV...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332265/review-of-a-parent-s-influence-on-pediatric-procedural-distress-and-recovery
#8
REVIEW
Erin A Brown, Alexandra De Young, Roy Kimble, Justin Kenardy
Understanding how parents influence their child's medical procedures can inform future work to reduce pediatric procedural distress and improve recovery outcomes. Following a pediatric injury or illness diagnosis, the associated medical procedures can be potentially traumatic events that are often painful and distressing and can lead to the child experiencing long-term physical and psychological problems. Children under 6 years old are particularly at risk of illness or injury, yet their pain-related distress during medical procedures is often difficult to manage because of their young developmental level...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331702/is-very-low-infant-birth-weight-a-predictor-for-a-five-year-course-of-depression-in-parents-a-latent-growth-curve-model
#9
Claus Barkmann, Nadine Helle, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: A very low birth weight (VLBW) is considered as a significant risk factor for early-onset developmental problems in infants, but is also discussed as a potential risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms in affected parents. METHODS: In this study, the 5-year courses of maternal and paternal depression with VLBW and term born infants (n = 250 families) are modeled and predicted by factors existing at the time of birth. RESULTS: The dyadic trajectories of depression could be best described by five classes (I no depression, II minor maternal depression, III increasing dyadic depression, IV significant maternal depression, V highly depressed mothers)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331637/development-of-a-multi-dimensional-scale-to-measure-trauma-associated-with-child-sexual-abuse-mscsa-and-its-ramifying-impacts-on-children-a-pilot-study
#10
Vandana Choudhary, Sujata Satapathy, Rajesh Sagar
BACKGROUND: With the rising incidence of CSA in India and absence of culturally competent tool to assess the impact of trauma, there is a dire need for development of a comprehensive scale to assess the impact of trauma on children. Thus, the present study aims to develop a multi-dimensional CSA tool for children aged between 7 and 13 years. METHOD: Qualitative research method of FGD/Key Interviews with 4 group participants (Parents, counsellors, mental health and medical professionals) and in-depth interview with children having history of CSA was conducted along with item pooling from existing scales...
January 4, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331486/prenatal-exposure-to-acetaminophen-and-children-s-language-development-at-30-months
#11
C-G Bornehag, A Reichenberg, M Unenge Hallerback, S Wikstrom, H M Koch, B A Jonsson, S H Swan
OBJECTIVE: To examine prenatal APAP exposure in relation to language development in offspring at 30 months of age. METHOD: A population-based pregnancy cohort study including 754 women who enrolled in the Swedish Environmental Longitudinal, Mother and child, Asthma and allergy (SELMA) study in pregnancy week 8-13. Two exposure measures were used: (1) maternally reported number of APAP tablets taken between conception and enrollment; (2) APAP urinary concentration at enrollment...
November 10, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331342/development-of-a-prognostic-score-to-predict-response-to-yttrium-90-radioembolization-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-invasion
#12
Carlo Spreafico, Carlo Sposito, Marta Vaiani, Tommaso Cascella, Sherrie Bhoori, Carlo Morosi, Rodolfo Lanocita, Raffaele Romito, Carlo Chiesa, Marco Maccauro, Alfonso Marchianò, Vincenzo Mazzaferro
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Yttrium-90 trans-arterial radioembolization (TARE) has shown promising efficacy in the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with tumoral portal vein thrombosis (PVTT). Aim of this study is to identify prognostic factors for survival in patients with HCC and PVTT undergoing TARE, and build a prognostic classification for these patients. METHODS: This is a single Center retrospective study conducted over 6 years (2010-2015), on consecutive patients undergoing TARE...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331151/the-impact-of-parental-mental-illness-across-the-full-diagnostic-spectrum-on-externalising-and-internalising-vulnerabilities-in-young-offspring
#13
Kimberlie Dean, Melissa J Green, Kristin R Laurens, Maina Kariuki, Stacy Tzoumakis, Titia Sprague, Rhoshel Lenroot, Vaughan J Carr
BACKGROUND: The intergenerational risk for mental illness is well established within diagnostic categories, but the risk is unlikely to respect diagnostic boundaries and may be reflected more broadly in early life vulnerabilities. We aimed to establish patterns of association between externalising and internalising vulnerabilities in early childhood and parental mental disorder across the full spectrum of diagnoses. METHODS: A cohort of Australian children (n = 69 116) entering the first year of school in 2009 were assessed using the Australian Early Development Census, providing measures of externalising and internalising vulnerability...
January 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330996/missed-immunization-opportunities-among-children-under-5-years-of-age-dwelling-in-karachi-city
#14
Asif Khaliq, Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Syed Abdullah Hussaini, Kiran Azam, Mehak Qamar
BACKGROUND: Immunization is the safest and effective measure for preventing and eradicating various communicable diseases. A glaring immunization gap exists between developing and industrialized countries towards immunization, because the developing countries including Pakistan are still striving to provide basic immunization to their children. The purpose of this study was to access the prevalence and factors of missing immunization among under 5-year children of Karachi.. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from June 2015 to October 2015 among different outpatient clinics of Karachi...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330728/analysis-of-plasma-tenascin-c-in-post-hcv-cirrhosis-a-prospective-study
#15
Jennifer H Benbow, April D Elam, Krista L Bossi, Danae L Massengill, Elizabeth Brandon-Warner, William E Anderson, Catherine R Culberson, Mark W Russo, Andrew S deLemos, Laura W Schrum
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis, one of the most common etiologies of liver cirrhosis in the Western world, is a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma. To confirm and improve current effectiveness of screening and prognosis of patients with established cirrhosis, a credible, simple plasma biomarker is needed. Hepatic stellate cell activation, a pivotal event in cirrhosis development, results in increased secretion of extracellular matrix proteins, including tenascin-C (TnC)...
January 12, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330714/evidence-based-recommendations-to-improve-the-safe-use-of-drugs-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#16
Rianne A Weersink, Margriet Bouma, David M Burger, Joost P H Drenth, S Froukje Harkes-Idzinga, Nicole G M Hunfeld, Herold J Metselaar, Margje H Monster-Simons, Katja Taxis, Sander D Borgsteede
INTRODUCTION: The presence of liver cirrhosis can have a major impact on pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics, but guidance for prescribing is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to provide an overview of evidence-based recommendations developed for the safe use of drugs in liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Recommendations were based on a systematic literature search combined with expert opinion from a panel of 10 experts. The safety of each drug was classified as safe, no additional risks known, additional risks known, unsafe, unknown or the safety class was dependent on the severity of liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh classification)...
January 12, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330015/mother-to-child-transmission-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae
#17
Dana Danino, Rimma Melamed, Batya Sterer, Nurith Porat, Guy Hazan, Alex Gushanski, Eilon Shany, David Greenberg, Avraham Borer
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are at high risk for extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) sepsis and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) outbreaks. Maternal colonization with ESBL-E may be precursory to maternal-neonatal transmission. However, there is no consensus regarding surveillance of pregnant women for ESBL-E colonization. AIM: To identify pairs of mothers and offspring harbouring same-strain ESBL-E colonization and to determine whether maternal transmission may play a role in increasing ESBL-E carriage in preterm infants...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329511/classifying-and-characterizing-the-development-of-adaptive-behavior-in-a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-young-children-with-autism
#18
Cristan Farmer, Lauren Swineford, Susan E Swedo, Audrey Thurm
BACKGROUND: Adaptive behavior, or the ability to function independently in ones' environment, is a key phenotypic construct in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Few studies of the development of adaptive behavior during preschool to school-age are available, though existing data demonstrate that the degree of ability and impairment associated with ASD, and how it manifests over time, is heterogeneous. Growth mixture models are a statistical technique that can help parse this heterogeneity in trajectories...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329429/how-to-convene-an-international-health-or-development-commission-ten-key-steps
#19
Gavin Yamey, Lawrence H Summers, Dean T Jamison, Jessica Brinton
The Commission on Investing in Health (CIH), an international group of 25 economists and global health experts, published its Global Health 2035 report in The Lancet in December 2013. The report laid out an ambitious investment framework for achieving a "grand convergence" in health-a universal reduction in deaths from infectious diseases and maternal and child health conditions-within a generation. This article captures ten key elements that the CIH found important to its process and successful outcomes. The elements are presented in chronological order, from inception to post-publication activities...
January 10, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329288/soil-transmitted-helminth-infection-loss-of-education-and-cognitive-impairment-in-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Noel Pabalan, Eloisa Singian, Lani Tabangay, Hamdi Jarjanazi, Michael J Boivin, Amara E Ezeamama
BACKGROUND: Evidence of an adverse influence of soil transmitted helminth (STH) infections on cognitive function and educational loss is equivocal. Prior meta-analyses have focused on randomized controlled trials only and have not sufficiently explored the potential for disparate influence of STH infection by cognitive domain. We re-examine the hypothesis that STH infection is associated with cognitive deficit and educational loss using data from all primary epidemiologic studies published between 1992 and 2016...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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