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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453969/reducing-intrusive-traumatic-memories-after-emergency-caesarean-section-a-proof-of-principle-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Antje Horsch, Yvan Vial, Céline Favrod, Mathilde Morisod Harari, Simon E Blackwell, Peter Watson, Lalitha Iyadurai, Michael B Bonsall, Emily A Holmes
Preventative psychological interventions to aid women after traumatic childbirth are needed. This proof-of-principle randomized controlled study evaluated whether the number of intrusive traumatic memories mothers experience after emergency caesarean section (ECS) could be reduced by a brief cognitive intervention. 56 women after ECS were randomized to one of two parallel groups in a 1:1 ratio: intervention (usual care plus cognitive task procedure) or control (usual care). The intervention group engaged in a visuospatial task (computer-game 'Tetris' via a handheld gaming device) for 15 min within six hours following their ECS...
April 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453858/digenic-inheritance-of-prokr2-and-wdr11-mutations-in-pituitary-stalk-interruption-syndrome
#2
Shana E McCormack, Dong Li, Yeon Joo Kim, Ji Young Lee, Soo-Hyun Kim, Robert Rapaport, Michael A Levine
Context: Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS, ORPHA95496) is a congenital defect of the pituitary gland characterized by the triad of a very thin/interrupted pituitary stalk, an ectopic (or absent) posterior pituitary gland, and hypoplasia or aplasia of the anterior pituitary gland. Complex genetic patterns of inheritance of this disorder are increasingly recognized. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify a genetic etiology of PSIS in an affected child...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453711/improving-access-to-child-health-services-at-the-community-level-in-zambia-a-country-case-study-on-progress-in-child-survival-2000-2013
#3
Aaron M Kipp, Margaret Maimbolwa, Marie A Brault, Penelope Kalesha-Masumbu, Mary Katepa-Bwalya, Phanuel Habimana, Sten H Vermund, Kasonde Mwinga, Connie A Haley
Reductions in under-five mortality in Africa have not been sufficient to meet the Millennium Development Goal #4 (MDG#4) of reducing under-five mortality by two-thirds by 2015. Nevertheless, 12 African countries have met MDG#4. We undertook a four country study to examine barriers and facilitators of child survival prior to 2015, seeking to better understand variability in success across countries. The current analysis presents indicator, national document, and qualitative data from key informants and community women describing the factors that have enabled Zambia to successfully reduce under-five mortality over the last 15 years and achieve MDG#4...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453637/automated-identification-of-implausible-values-in-growth-data-from-pediatric-electronic-health-records
#4
Carrie Daymont, Michelle E Ross, A Russell Localio, Alexander G Fiks, Richard C Wasserman, Robert W Grundmeier
Objective: Large electronic health record (EHR) datasets are increasingly used to facilitate research on growth, but measurement and recording errors can lead to biased results. We developed and tested an automated method for identifying implausible values in pediatric EHR growth data. Materials and Methods: Using deidentified data from 46 primary care sites, we developed an algorithm to identify weight and height values that should be excluded from analysis, including implausible values and values that were recorded repeatedly without remeasurement...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449357/premastication-and-length-for-age-among-children-under-24%C3%A2-months-in-laos
#5
Joel Conkle, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Melissa Young, Aryeh D Stein
Premastication of infant food by caregivers is common in Laos. Premastication is hypothesized to have both positive and negative implications for children, but the net effect of premastication on child health and nutrition is largely unknown because of a lack of research. This study quantitatively describes premastication in 5 provinces of Laos and examines the associations between premastication and the length of young children. We analyzed cross-sectional data from the Laos 2015 Food and Nutrition Security Survey to characterize premastication among children under 2 years of age (n = 1,661) and to test associations between premastication and child length-for-age z-score...
April 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449355/father-child-interactions-at-3-months-and-24-months-contributions-to-children-s-cognitive-development-at-24-months
#6
Vaheshta Sethna, Emily Perry, Jill Domoney, Jane Iles, Lamprini Psychogiou, Natasha E L Rowbotham, Alan Stein, Lynne Murray, Paul G Ramchandani
The quality of father-child interactions has become a focus of increasing research in the field of child development. We examined the potential contribution of father-child interactions at both 3 months and 24 months to children's cognitive development at 24 months. Observational measures of father-child interactions at 3 and 24 months were used to assess the quality of fathers' parenting (n = 192). At 24 months, the Mental Developmental Index (MDI) of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition (N...
April 27, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449229/exposure-to-texture-of-foods-for-8-month-old-infants-does-the-size-of-the-pieces-matter
#7
Saakje P da Costa, Lianne Remijn, Hugo Weenen, Carel Vereijken, Cees van der Schans
The present study examined the effect of meals varying in amount, size, and hardness of food pieces on the development of the chewing capabilities of 8-month-old infants. The study also examined changes in shivering, gagging, coughing, choking, and their ability to eat from a spoon. In an in-home setting two groups were given commercially available infant meals and fruits, purees with either less, smaller and softer or more, larger and harder pieces. Both groups were given these foods for 4 weeks and were monitored several times during this period...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449223/the-impact-of-a-sibling-s-life-limiting-genetic-condition-on-adult-brothers-and-sisters
#8
Erica Brown, Jane Coad, Anita Franklin
It is estimated that rare diseases affect the lives of over three million people in the United Kingdom. Of these, a significant proportion are children and young people with genetic life-limiting or life-shortening conditions. This study used a qualitative approach with in-depth semi-structured interviews to explore the experiences of 10 adult siblings of a baby diagnosed with Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome) or Trisomy 18 (Edward syndrome). Findings illustrate that parental grief from the time of their child's diagnosis onward is also experienced by siblings...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449133/maternal-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-prospective-sibling-control-study
#9
Espen Moen Eilertsen, Line C Gjerde, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ragnhild E Ørstavik, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Camilla Stoltenberg, Nikolai Czajkowski, Espen Røysamb, Kenneth S Kendler, Eivind Ystrom
Background: Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy has repeatedly been associated with development of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the offspring. It is, however not known whether this reflects a direct casual intra-uterine effect or a non-causal relationship due to confounding. We used three different approaches to control for measured and unmeasured confounding: statistical adjustment for covariates, negative control comparison against maternal pre-pregnancy alcohol use, and comparison among differentially exposed siblings...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448813/adverse-childhood-experiences-mental-health-and-excessive-alcohol-use-examination-of-race-ethnicity-and-sex-differences
#10
Rosalyn D Lee, Jieru Chen
Responses from N=60,598 interviews from the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (the 10 states and the District of Columbia that included the optional Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) module) were used to test whether associations between childhood adversity and adult mental health and alcohol behaviors vary by race/ethnicity and sex. ACE items were categorized into two types - household challenges and child abuse. Outcomes were current depression, diagnosed depression, heavy drinking and binge drinking...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448800/assessment-of-bilingual-children-what-if-testing-both-languages-is-not-possible
#11
Tessel Boerma, Elma Blom
Language delays of bilingual children can arise from language impairment (LI) but also from insufficient exposure to the target language. A reliable diagnosis of LI in bilingual children is therefore ideally based on the evaluation of both languages, as LI affects each language that is learned. However, due to the multitude of language combinations that are encountered in clinical practice, this is often not feasible. Bilingual norm-referencing may offer a solution, but the heterogeneity within the bilingual population makes it difficult to determine appropriate standards for every child...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448694/the-joint-effect-of-air-pollution-exposure-and-copy-number-variation-on-risk-for-autism
#12
Dokyoon Kim, Heather Volk, Santhosh Girirajan, Sarah Pendergrass, Molly A Hall, Shefali S Verma, Rebecca J Schmidt, Robin L Hansen, Debashis Ghosh, Yunin Ludena-Rodriguez, Kyoungmi Kim, Marylyn D Ritchie, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Scott B Selleck
Autism spectrum disorder is a complex trait with a high degree of heritability as well as documented susceptibility from environmental factors. In this study the contributions of copy number variation, exposure to air pollutants, and the interaction between the two on autism risk, were evaluated in the population-based case-control Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and Environment (CHARGE) Study. For the current investigation, we included only those CHARGE children (a) who met criteria for autism or typical development and (b) for whom our team had conducted both genetic evaluation of copy number burden and determination of environmental air pollution exposures based on mapping addresses from the pregnancy and early childhood...
April 27, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447819/intelligence-income-and-education-as-potential-influences-on-a-child-s-home-environment-a-maternal-sibling-comparison-design
#13
Alexandria Ree Hadd, Joseph Lee Rodgers
The quality of the home environment, as a predictor, is related to health, education, and emotion outcomes. However, factors influencing the quality of the home environment, as an outcome, have been understudied-particularly how children construct their own environments. Further, most previous research on family processes and outcomes has implemented between-family designs, which limit claims of causality. The present study uses kinship data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to construct a maternal sibling-comparison design to investigate how maternal and child traits predict the quality of home environment...
April 27, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447549/a-child-with-severe-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-a-complex-tmprss6-genotype
#14
Anna Paola Capra, Elisa Ferro, Laura Cannavò, Maria Angela La Rosa, Giuseppina Zirilli
OBJECTIVES: We report a case of a 7-year-old girl with severe hypochromic microcytic anemia, who was unresponsive to classical iron supplements. We suspected IRIDA, iron-refractory iron-deficiency anemia, a genetic iron metabolism disorder, caused by TMPRSS6 variations. TMPRSS6 encodes matriptase-2, a negative regulator of hepcidin, and its pathological variants are related to normal to high levels of hepcidin. We analyzed the TMPRSS6 gene and we improved clinical management of the patient, selecting the appropriate supplementation therapy...
April 27, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447470/adapting-and-developing-a-video-feedback-intervention-for-co-parents-of-infants-at-risk-of-externalising-behaviour-problems-vipp-co-a-feasibility-study
#15
Jane E Iles, Camilla Rosan, Esther Wilkinson, Paul G Ramchandani
BACKGROUND: Recent research on early interventions with parents of infants at risk of externalising behaviour problems indicates that focusing on co-parenting and involving fathers in treatment may enhance effectiveness. This article reports the development and preliminary evaluation of a brief intervention: video-feedback intervention to promote positive parenting and sensitive discipline for co-parents (VIPP-Co). METHODS: Families who reported to be struggling with their infant's behaviour were recruited from the community and received six home-based sessions of VIPP-Co...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446887/the-impact-of-prenatal-parental-locus-of-control-on-children-s-psychological-outcomes-in-infancy-and-early-childhood-a-prospective-5-year-study
#16
Stephen Nowicki, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Steven Gregory, Genette Ellis, Jean Golding
Locus of control is one of the most widely studied concepts in the history of personality psychology. In spite of its popularity and its associations with numerous relevant outcomes, the ability of locus of control to predict future behaviors involving parenting effectiveness has been under researched. The few parent locus of control children's outcome studies are characterized by cross-sectional methodologies that focus on mothers. The present study uses a prospective methodology to compare data on mothers' and fathers' locus of control with their child's behavior outcomes from a large scale research project, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446886/parenting-and-temperament-influence-on-school-success-in-9-13-year-olds
#17
Purificación Checa, Alicia Abundis-Gutierrez
Children spend a lot of time with their parents who are the first agents that educate them. The parenting style implemented in the family influences other contexts outside home such as the school. There is evidence that a positive parenting style has an influence on school success. However, there are other variables related to school success, for example, temperament. The influence of parenting decreases with age as children develop abilities to self-regulate without parents' external control. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the contribution of parenting style and temperament in 9-13 years old children on both academic performance and school adjustment skills...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446546/conjunctival-ultraviolet-autofluorescence-as-a-measure-of-past-sun-exposure-in-children
#18
Cong Sun, Angela Pezic, David A Mackey, John B Carlin, Andrew Kemp, Justine A Ellis, Fergus J Cameron, Christine P Rodda, Terence Dwyer, Minas T Coroneo, Anne-Louise Ponsonby
BACKGROUND: Conjunctival ultraviolet autofluorescence (CUVAF) area detected from UVAF photographs is a recently developed potential marker for past sun exposure but its relationship with sun-related factors have not been fully investigated. METHODS: The study included 339 ethnically diverse and healthy children aged 5-15 years in Melbourne, Australia. Data were collected by questionnaire and examination at school. CUVAF area was measured using a computer programme and analysed as a continuous and dichotomous outcome (any/none)...
April 26, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446452/the-child-sport-concussion-assessment-tool-5th-edition-child-scat5
#19
Gavin A Davis, Laura Purcell, Kathryn J Schneider, Keith Owen Yeates, Gerard A Gioia, Vicki Anderson, Richard G Ellenbogen, Ruben J Echemendia, Michael Makdissi, Allen Sills, Grant L Iverson, Jiri Dvorak, Paul McCrory, Willem Meeuwisse, Jon Patricios, Christopher C Giza, Jeffrey S Kutcher
This article presents the Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5th Edition (Child SCAT5). The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool was introduced in 2004, following the 2nd International Conference on Concussion in Sport in Prague, Czech Republic. Following the 4th International Consensus Conference, held in Zurich, Switzerland, in 2012, the SCAT 3rd edition (Child SCAT3) was developed for children aged between 5 and12 years. Research to date was reviewed and synthesised for the 5th International Consensus Conference on Concussion in Sport in Berlin, Germany, leading to the current revision of the test, the Child SCAT5...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446449/the-berlin-2016-process-a-summary-of-methodology-for-the-5th-international-consensus-conference-on-concussion-in-sport
#20
REVIEW
Willem H Meeuwisse, Kathryn J Schneider, Jiri Dvorak, Onutobor Tobi Omu, Caroline F Finch, K Alix Hayden, Paul McCrory
The purpose of this paper is to summarise the methodology for the 5th International Consensus Conference on Concussion in Sport. The 18 months of preparation included engagement of a scientific committee, an expert panel of 33 individuals in the field of concussion and a modified Delphi technique to determine the primary questions to be answered. The methodology also involved the writing of 12 systematic reviews to inform the consensus conference and submission and review of scientific abstracts. The meeting itself followed a 2-day open format, a 1-day closed expert panel meeting and two additional half day meetings to develop the Concussion Recognition Tool 5 (Pocket CRT5), Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5 (SCAT5) and Child SCAT5...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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