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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166407/executive-function-assessment-in-new-zealand-2-year-olds-born-at-risk-of-neonatal-hypoglycemia
#1
Judith M Ansell, Trecia A Wouldes, Jane E Harding
A growing number of babies are born with perinatal risk factors that may impair later development. These children are often assessed at 2 years to help predict outcome and direct support services. Executive function is an important predictor of academic achievement and behavior, but there are limited assessments of executive function in 2-year-olds and few have been tested in at-risk populations. Therefore, we developed a battery of four age-appropriate tasks to assess executive function in 2-year-olds. At 24 months' corrected age 368 children completed tasks assessing attention, inhibition, working memory and cognitive flexibility...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166388/associations-between-thyroid-dysfunction-and-developmental-status-in-children-with-excessive-iodine-status
#2
Inger Aakre, Tor A Strand, Khalil Moubarek, Ingrid Barikmo, Sigrun Henjum
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Adequate iodine status and normal thyroid hormone synthesis are important for optimal child development. In this study, we explored whether young children's developmental status is associated with thyroid dysfunction in an area of chronic excessive iodine exposure. METHODS: We included 298 children between 18 and 48 months of age residing in Algerian refugee camps. Early child development was measured using the Ages and Stages Questionnaires, third edition (ASQ-3), consisting of five domains: Communication, Gross Motor, Fine Motor, Problem Solving and Personal-Social...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166295/nursing-care-of-infants-with-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt
#3
Rachel A Joseph, Michaela R Killian, Emily E Brady
BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital or posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus may require a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt to divert the flow of cerebrospinal fluid, thus preventing increase in intracranial pressure. Knowledge on various aspects of caring for a child with a VP shunt will enable new and experienced nurses to better care for these infants and equip parents for ongoing care at home. PURPOSE: To review the nurses' role in care of infants with hydrocephalus, care after VP shunt placement, prevention of complications, and parental preparation for home care...
November 20, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166294/roles-and-experiences-of-parents-in-necrotizing-enterocolitis-an-international-survey-of-parental-perspectives-of-communication-in-the-nicu
#4
Samir K Gadepalli, Jennifer Canvasser, Yael Eskenazi, Megan Quinn, Jae H Kim, Sheila M Gephart
BACKGROUND: Although partnering with parents is important to improving neonatal outcomes, no studies have investigated what parents are taught, remember, or experience when their child is afflicted with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). PURPOSE: To characterize parental perceptions of communication and support they were given about NEC. METHODS: An online survey was developed, reviewed for face validity, and then administered to parents whose child had experienced NEC...
November 20, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165833/gestational-age-and-child-development-at-age-five-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-australian-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-children
#5
Mark Hanly, Kathleen Falster, Georgina Chambers, John Lynch, Emily Banks, Nusrat Homaira, Marni Brownell, Sandra Eades, Louisa Jorm
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and developmental vulnerability are more common in Australian Aboriginal compared with non-Aboriginal children. We quantified how gestational age relates to developmental vulnerability in both populations. METHODS: Perinatal datasets were linked to the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), which collects data on five domains, including physical, social, emotional, language/cognitive, and general knowledge/communication development...
November 22, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165831/external-validation-of-the-ita-li-ca-prognostic-system-for-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-multicenter-cohort-study-hep-17-0903
#6
Mauro Borzio, Elena Dionigi, Angelo Rossini, Massimo Marignani, Rodolfo Sacco, Ilario De Sio, Emanuela Bertolini, Giampiero Francica, Anna Giacomin, Giancarlo Parisi, Susanna Vicari, Anna Toldi, Andrea Salmi, Sergio Boccia, Mario Mitra, Fabio Fornari
Several staging systems for HCC have been developed. BCLC is considered the best in predicting survival, although limitations have emerged. Recently the Italian-Liver-Cancer (ITA.LI.CA) prognostic system, integrating the ITA.LI.CA tumor-staging (stages 0, A, B1-3; C) with Child-Pugh score, ECOG-PST, and AFP with a strong ability to predict survival was proposed. Aim of our study was to provide an external validation of the ITA.LI.CA system in an independent real-life occidental cohort of HCCs. METHODS: From September 2008 to April 2016, 1508 cirrhotics with incident HCC were consecutively enrolled in 27 Italian institutions (EpaHCC multi-institutional cohort)...
November 22, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165157/the-hokkaido-birth-cohort-study-on-environment-and-children-s-health-cohort-profile-updated-2017
#7
Reiko Kishi, Atsuko Araki, Machiko Minatoya, Tomoyuki Hanaoka, Chihiro Miyashita, Sachiko Itoh, Sumitaka Kobayashi, Yu Ait Bamai, Keiko Yamazaki, Ryu Miura, Naomi Tamura, Kumiko Ito, Houman Goudarzi
The Hokkaido Study on Environment and Children's Health is an ongoing study consisting of two birth cohorts of different population sizes: the Sapporo cohort and the Hokkaido cohort. Our primary study goals are (1) to examine the effects of low-level environmental chemical exposures on birth outcomes, including birth defects and growth retardation; (2) to follow the development of allergies, infectious diseases, and neurobehavioral developmental disorders and perform a longitudinal observation of child development; (3) to identify high-risk groups based on genetic susceptibility to environmental chemicals; and (4) to identify the additive effects of various chemicals, including tobacco smoking...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165149/association-of-excessive-mobile-phone-use-during-pregnancy-with-birth-weight-an-adjunct-study-in-kumamoto-of-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#8
Xi Lu, Masako Oda, Takashi Ohba, Hiroshi Mitsubuchi, Shota Masuda, Takahiko Katoh
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight has been shown to be closely associated with neonatal mortality and morbidity, inhibited growth, poor cognitive development, and chronic diseases later in life. Some studies have also shown that excessive mobile phone use in the postnatal period may lead to behavioral complications in the children during their growing years; however, the relationship between mobile phone use during pregnancy and neonatal birth weight is not clear. The aim of the present study was to determine the associations of excessive mobile phone use with neonatal birth weight and infant health status...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165148/japan-environment-and-children-s-study-backgrounds-activities-and-future-directions-in-global-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Kazue Ishitsuka, Shoji F Nakayama, Reiko Kishi, Chisato Mori, Zentaro Yamagata, Yukihiro Ohya, Toshihiro Kawamoto, Michihiro Kamijima
There is worldwide concern about the effects of environmental factors on children's health and development. The Miami Declaration was signed at the G8 Environment Ministers Meeting in 1997 to promote children's environmental health research. The following ministerial meetings continued to emphasize the need to foster children's research. In response to such a worldwide movement, the Ministry of the Environment, Japan (MOE), launched a nationwide birth cohort study with 100,000 pairs of mothers and children, namely, the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS), in 2010...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165130/determinants-of-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-concentrations-in-erythrocytes-of-pregnant-japanese-women-from-a-birth-cohort-study-study-protocol-and-baseline-findings-of-an-adjunct-study-of-the-japan-environment-children-s-study
#10
Shoji Saito, Terue Kawabata, Nozomi Tatsuta, Fumiko Kimura, Teruo Miyazawa, Satoshi Mizuno, Hidekazu Nishigori, Takahiro Arima, Yasuo Kagawa, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Kanami Tsuno, Yuki Ito, Michihiro Kamijima, Kunihiko Nakai, Nobuo Yaegashi
BACKGROUND: N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) may have multiple beneficial effects on the outcome of pregnancy, maternal health and child development. The present study introduced the protocol of a birth cohort study to examine the beneficial effects of n-3 PUFA status in pregnant Japanese women as an adjunct study of the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS). METHODS: The JECS participants in the coastal areas of Miyagi Prefecture were further invited to participate in this adjunct study, and 1,878 pregnant women were enrolled prior to delivery...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165118/age-at-first-birth-and-long-term-mortality-for-mothers-the-ohsaki-cohort-study
#11
Taichi Sakai, Yumi Sugawara, Ikue Watanabe, Takashi Watanabe, Yasutake Tomata, Naoki Nakaya, Ichiro Tsuji
BACKGROUND: Although maternal age at first birth has been rising in many developed countries, its long-term effects on the health of the mothers themselves are unclear. In this study, we investigated the relationship between maternal age at first birth and long-term mortality. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 20,624 parous Japanese women aged between 40 and 79 years in 1994 and followed up their survival for 14 years. Based on maternal age at first birth, the women were divided into four groups: ≤19 years, 20-24 years, 25-29 years, and ≥30 years...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165117/effects-of-intrauterine-exposures-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls-methylmercury-and-lead-on-birth-weight-in-japanese-male-and-female-newborns
#12
Nozomi Tatsuta, Naoyuki Kurokawa, Kunihiko Nakai, Keita Suzuki, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Katsuyuki Murata, Hiroshi Satoh
BACKGROUND: The effects of prenatal exposures to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), methylmercury, and lead on birth weight remain disputable. The aim of this study was to investigate whether these chemicals affect birth weight of Japanese newborns, with special emphasis on determining whether these effects differ between males and females. METHODS: The subjects from Tohoku Study of Child Development, which was designed to examine the developmental effects of prenatal exposures to such hazardous chemicals, were 489 mother-newborn pairs with complete data including smoking habit during pregnancy...
April 12, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164825/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-birth-spacing-findings-from-the-study-to-explore-early-development-seed
#13
Laura A Schieve, Lin H Tian, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Gayle C Windham, Craig Newschaffer, Julie L Daniels, Li-Ching Lee, Lisa A Croen, M Danielle Fallin
Previous studies of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and birth spacing had limitations; few examined phenotypic case subtypes or explored underlying mechanisms for associations and none assessed whether other (non-ASD) developmental disabilities (DDs) were associated with birth spacing. We assessed associations between inter-pregnancy interval (IPI) and both ASD and other DDs using data from the Study to Explore Early Development, a multi-site case-control study with rigorous case-finding and case-classification methods and detailed data collection on maternal reproductive history...
November 22, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164754/interventions-to-significantly-improve-service-uptake-and-retention-of-hiv-positive-pregnant-women-and-hiv-exposed-infants-along-the-pmtct-continuum-of-care-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Alexandra C Vrazo, Jacqueline Firth, Anouk Amzel, Rebecca Sedillo, Julia Ryan, B Ryan Phelps
OBJECTIVES: Despite the success of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programs, low uptake of services and poor retention pose a formidable challenge to achieving the elimination of vertical HIV transmission in low and middle-income countries. This systematic review summarizes interventions that demonstrate statistically significant improvements in service uptake and retention of HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women and their infants along the PMTCT cascade...
November 22, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164086/a-novel-missense-mutation-of-the-nsd1-gene-associated-with-overgrowth-in-three-generations-of-an-italian-family-case-report-differential-diagnosis-and-review-of-mutations-of-nsd1-gene-in-familial-sotos-syndrome
#15
Gianluigi Laccetta, Francesca Moscuzza, Angela Michelucci, Andrea Guzzetta, Sara Lunardi, Francesca Lorenzoni, Paolo Ghirri
Sotos syndrome (SoS) is characterized by overgrowth of prenatal onset, learning disability, and characteristic facial appearance; it is usually due to haploinsufficiency of NSD1 gene at chromosome 5q35. An Italian child was born at 37 weeks of gestation (weight 2,910 g, 25th-50th centiles; length 50 cm, 75th centile; head circumference 36 cm, 97th centile) showing cryptorchidism on the right side, hypertelorism, dolichocephaly, broad and prominent forehead, and narrow jaw; the pregnancy was worsened by maternal preeclampsia and gestational diabetes, and his mother had a previous history of four early miscarriages...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164081/delayed-development-of-feeding-skills-in-children-with-feeding-difficulties-cross-sectional-study-in-a-brazilian-reference-center
#16
Cláudia C Ramos, Priscila Maximino, Rachel H V Machado, Ana Beatriz Bozzini, Letícia W Ribeiro, Mauro Fisberg
Background: Delays in gross motor development, sensory processing issues, and organic and behavioral problems are known to interfere in the development of feeding skills (FS); and-therefore-in the success of the process of feeding a child. Children with feeding difficulties (FD) commonly present inadequacy of FS. Objectives: Assessment of five FS in Brazilian children with FD, and search of associations with types of FD. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 70 children below 10 years old...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164080/the-incidence-and-short-term-outcomes-of-acute-respiratory-illness-with-cough-in-children-from-a-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-urban-community-in-australia-a-community-based-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Daniel Arnold, Vikas Goyal, Melissa Dunbar, Michael Otim, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
Background: Acute respiratory illnesses with cough (ARIwC) are predominant causes of morbidity in Australian Indigenous children; however, data on disease burden in urban communities are scarce. This study aimed to determine the incidence of ARIwC, the predictors of recurrent (≥4 episodes) ARIwC, and development of chronic cough following an ARIwC in urban, predominantly Indigenous, children aged <5 years from northern Brisbane, Australia. Methods: Prospective cohort study of children aged <5 years registered with a primary healthcare center...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163857/italian-translation-and-cross-cultural-comparison-with-the-childhood-attachment-and-relational-trauma-screen-carts
#18
A Simonelli, C Sacchi, L Cantoni, M Brown, P Frewen
Background: The Childhood Attachment and Relational Trauma Screen (CARTS) is a computer-administered survey designed to assess retrospectively the socio-ecological context in which instances of child abuse may have occurred. To date, studies supporting the validity of the CARTS have only been undertaken in English-speaking North American populations. Validation projects in other countries and cross-cultural comparisons are therefore warranted. Objective: Develop and preliminarily evaluate the psychometric properties of an Italian version of the CARTS on college students and compare such observations to data acquired from Canadian students...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163667/understanding-the-unique-experiences-perspectives-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-of-very-young-adolescents-somali-refugees-in-ethiopia
#19
Luis Ortiz-Echevarria, Meghan Greeley, Tenaw Bawoke, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Jennifer Schlecht
Background: Kobe Refugee camp hosts roughly 39,000 refugees displaced from Somalia during the 2011-2012 Horn of Africa Crisis. Sexual and reproductive health, as with the greater issues of health and well-being for adolescents displaced from this crisis remain largely unknown and neglected. In 2013, the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins University, and International Medical Corps in Ethiopia, implemented qualitative and quantitative research to explore the factors and risks that impact the health of very young adolescents (VYAs), those 10-14 years of age, in this setting...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163336/two-novel-mutations-associated-with-ataxia-telangiectasia-identified-using-an-ion-ampliseq-inherited-disease-panel
#20
Maria V Kuznetsova, Dmitry Yu Trofimov, Ekaterina S Shubina, Taisiya O Kochetkova, Natalia A Karetnikova, Ilya Yu Barkov, Vladimir A Bakharev, Oleg A Gusev, Gennady T Sukhikh
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T), or Louis-Bar syndrome, is a rare neurodegenerative disorder associated with immunodeficiency. For families with at least one affected child, timely A-T genotyping during any subsequent pregnancy allows the parents to make an informed decision about whether to continue to term when the fetus is affected. Mutations in the ATM gene, which is 150 kb long, give rise to A-T; more than 600 pathogenic variants in ATM have been characterized since 1990 and new mutations continue to be discovered annually...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
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