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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088408/the-effects-of-adding-fat-to-diets-of-lactating-dairy-cows-on-total-tract-neutral-detergent-fiber-digestibility-a-meta-analysis
#1
K A Weld, L E Armentano
The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine the effects of supplemental fat on fiber digestibility in lactating dairy cattle. Published papers that evaluated the effects of adding fat to the diets of lactating dairy cattle on total-tract neutral detergent fiber digestibility (ttNDFd) and dry matter intake (DMI) were compiled. The final data set included 108 fat-supplemented treatment means, not including low-fat controls, from 38 publications. The fat-supplemented treatment means exhibited a wide range of ttNDFd (49...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088179/chronic-constipation-diagnosis-and-treatment-evaluation-the-chro-co-di-t-e-study
#2
Massimo Bellini, Paolo Usai-Satta, Antonio Bove, Renato Bocchini, Francesca Galeazzi, Edda Battaglia, Pietro Alduini, Elisabetta Buscarini, Gabrio Bassotti
BACKGROUND: According to Rome criteria, chronic constipation (CC) includes functional constipation (FC) and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). Some patients do not meet these criteria (No Rome Constipation, NRC). The aim of the study was is to evaluate the various clinical presentation and management of FC, IBS-C and NRC in Italy. METHODS: During a 2-month period, 52 Italian gastroenterologists recorded clinical data of FC, IBS-C and NRC patients, using Bristol scale, PAC-SYM and PAC-QoL questionnaires...
January 14, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080325/adequacy-of-parent-packed-lunches-and-preschooler-s-consumption-compared-to-dietary-reference-intake-recommendations
#3
Maria Jose Romo-Palafox, Nalini Ranjit, Sara J Sweitzer, Cindy Roberts-Gray, Courtney E Byrd-Williams, Margaret E Briley, Deanna M Hoelscher
BACKGROUND: U.S. preschool children consume inadequate amounts of key nutrients. Understanding the contents of lunches packed by parents and consumed by their children can help identify areas of opportunity for the development of healthy food preferences. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutrient adequacy of lunches packed by parents and consumed by children attending early care and education (ECE) centers. METHODS: Baseline data from 607 parent-child dyads in the "Lunch Is in the Bag" cluster-randomized controlled trial in Central Texas were examined...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078657/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-dietary-intake-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-bmi-among-cancer-survivors-2005-and-2010-national-health-interview-surveys-nhis
#4
Doratha A Byrd, Tanya Agurs-Collins, David Berrigan, Richard Lee, Frances E Thompson
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports racial/ethnic differences in mean dietary and alcohol intake, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) among cancer survivors and examines adherence to the American Cancer Society and the US Dietary Guidelines for Americans. METHODS: Data are from the cross-sectional 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS). The total sample of cancer survivors (N = 3367) included non-Hispanic Whites (NHW; N = 2698), non-Hispanic Blacks (NHBs; N = 379), and Hispanics (N = 290)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078265/classification-of-31-korean-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-cultivars-based-on-the-chemical-compositions
#5
Induck Choi, Chon-Sik Kang, Choon-Kee Lee, Sun-Lim Kim
Whole grain wheat flour (WGWF) is the entire grain (bran, endosperm, and germ) milled to make flour. The WGWF of 31 Korean wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars were analyzed for the chemical compositions, and classified into groups by hierarchical cluster analysis (HCL). The average composition values showed a substantial variation among wheat varieties due to different wheat varieties. Wheat cv. Shinmichal1 (waxy wheat) had the highest ash, lipid, and total dietary fiber contents of 1.76, 3.14, and 15.49 g/100 g, respectively...
December 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077732/high-protein-and-high-dietary-fiber-breakfasts-result-in-equal-feelings-of-fullness-and-better-diet-quality-in-low-income-preschoolers-compared-with-their-usual-breakfast
#6
Sibylle Kranz, Mary Brauchla, Wayne W Campbell, Rickard D Mattes, Amy J Schwichtenberg
BACKGROUND: In the United States, 17% of children are currently obese. Increasing feelings of fullness may prevent excessive energy intake, lead to better diet quality, and promote long-term maintenance of healthy weight. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a fullness-rating tool (aim 1) and to determine whether a high-protein (HP), high-fiber (HF), and combined HP and HF (HPHF) breakfast increases preschoolers' feelings of fullness before (pre) and after (post) breakfast and pre-lunch, as well as their diet quality, as measured by using a composite diet quality assessment tool, the Revised Children's Diet Quality Index (aim 2)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077379/effects-of-supplementation-with-nondigestible-carbohydrates-on-fecal-calprotectin-and-on-epigenetic-regulation-of-sfrp1-expression-in-the-large-bowel-mucosa-of-healthy-individuals
#7
Fiona C Malcomson, Naomi D Willis, Iain McCallum, Long Xie, Idoia Ibero-Baraibar, Wing C Leung, Seamus Kelly, D Michael Bradburn, Nigel J Belshaw, Ian T Johnson, John C Mathers
BACKGROUND: Hyperactive Wnt signaling is frequently observed in colorectal cancer. Higher intakes of dietary fiber [nondigestible carbohydrates (NDCs)] and the fermentation product butyrate are protective against colorectal cancer and may exert their preventative effects via modulation of the Wnt pathway. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effects of supplementing healthy individuals with 2 NDCs [resistant starch (RS) and polydextrose] on fecal calprotectin concentrations and Wnt pathway-related gene expression...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076653/recent-advances-in-primate-nutritional-ecology
#8
Nicoletta Righini
Nutritional ecology seeks to explain, in an ecological and evolutionary context, how individuals choose, acquire, and process food to satisfy their nutritional requirements. Historically, studies of primate feeding ecology have focused on characterizing diets in terms of the botanical composition of the plants consumed. Further, dietary studies have demonstrated how patch and food choice in relation to time spent foraging and feeding are influenced by the spatial and temporal distribution of resources and by social factors such as feeding competition, dominance, or partner preferences...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071023/effect-of-food-processing-on-the-physicochemical-properties-of-dietary-fibre
#9
Vasfiye Hazal Ozyurt, Semih Ötles
Products derived from the manufacturing or processing of plant based foods: cereals, fruits, vegetables, as well as algae, are sources of abundant dietary fibre. Diets high in dietary fibre have been associated with the reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and gastrointestinal disorders. These fibre-rich products and byproducts can also fortify foods, increase their dietary fibre content and result in healthy products, low in calories, cholesterol and fat. Traditionally, consumers have chosen foods such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables as sources of dietary fibre...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071006/sensory-qualities-of-pastry-products-enriched-with-dietary-fiber-and-polyphenolic-substances
#10
Patrycja Komolka, Danuta Górecka, Krystyna Szymandera-Buszka, Anna Jędrusek-Golińska, Krzysztof Dziedzic, Katarzyna Waszkowiak
BACKGROUND: Growing consumer demand for products with pro-health properties is forcing food manufacturers to introduce new food items onto the market, which will not only possess such health-enhancing properties but will also compete on the grounds of sensory attributes - taste, flavour, texture etc. METHODS: The aim was to evaluate these sensory attributes of pastry products enhanced with biologically active compounds, such as inulin, buckwheat hull and buckwheat flour...
April 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070327/nutritional-antioxidative-and-antimicrobial-analysis-of-the-mediterranean-hackberry-celtis-australis-l
#11
Ajda Ota, Ana Miklavčič Višnjevec, Rajko Vidrih, Željko Prgomet, Marijan Nečemer, Janez Hribar, Nina Gunde Cimerman, Sonja Smole Možina, Milena Bučar-Miklavčič, Nataša Poklar Ulrih
Celtis australis is a deciduous tree commonly known as Mediterranean hackberry or the European nettle tree. The fruit of hackberry are seldom used for nutritional purposes. The nutritional and physicochemical properties of ripe hackberry fruit from Istria (Marasi village near Vrsar, Croatia) were determined, including water, total fiber, protein, vitamin, mineral, and phenolic contents. This analysis demonstrates that the hackberry fruit is a valuable source of dietary fiber, protein, and vitamins, and of pigments such as lutein, β-carotene, zeaxanthin, and tocopherols...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070321/nutritional-composition-quality-and-shelf-stability-of-processed-ruspolia-nitidula-edible-grasshoppers
#12
Geoffrey Ssepuuya, Ivan Muzira Mukisa, Dorothy Nakimbugwe
The nutritional and commercial potential of the edible grasshopper (Ruspolia nitidula, nsenene in Luganda), a delicacy in Uganda and many East African tribes, is limited by a short shelf life and unverified nutritional value. This research established that R. nitidula is nutritious with 36-40% protein, 41-43% fat, 2.5-3.2% carbohydrate, 2.6-3.9% ash, 11.0-14.5% dietary fiber, and 900-2300 μg/100 g total carotenoids on a dry matter basis. Sautéing was the most preferred processing method resulting in grasshoppers with a notably better aroma and flavor...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068489/legumes-as-functional-ingredients-in-gluten-free-bakery-and-pasta-products
#13
Martina Foschia, Stefan W Horstmann, Elke K Arendt, Emanuele Zannini
The increasing demand of gluten-free food products from consumers has triggered food technologists to investigate a wide range of gluten-free ingredients from different sources to reproduce the unique network structure developed by gluten in a wheat-dough system. In recent times, the attention has been focused on novel application of legume flour or ingredients. The interest in this crop category is mainly attributed to their functional properties, such as solubility and water-binding capacity, which play an important role in gluten-free food formulation and processing...
January 4, 2017: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067025/whole-grain-oats-more-than-just-a-fiber-role-of-unique-phytochemicals
#14
REVIEW
Shengmin Sang, YiFang Chu
Oats are a good source of soluble dietary fiber, especially β-glucan, which has outstanding functional and nutritional properties. β-Glucan is considered to be the major active component of oats because of its cholesterol-lowering and anti-diabetic effects. However, the nutritional benefits of oats appear to go beyond fiber to bioactive phytochemicals with strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. In this review, we summarize current knowledge on the chemistry, stability, bioavailability, and health effects of two unique phytochemicals in oats, avenanthramides (AVAs) and avenacosides A and B...
January 9, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065788/western-dietary-pattern-increases-whereas-prudent-dietary-pattern-decreases-risk-of-incident-diverticulitis-in-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Lisa L Strate, Brieze R Keeley, Yin Cao, Kana Wu, Edward L Giovannucci, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary fiber is implicated as a risk factor for diverticulitis. Analyses of dietary patterns may provide information on risk beyond those of individual foods or nutrients. We examined whether major dietary patterns are associated with risk of incident diverticulitis. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 46,295 men who were free of diverticulitis and known diverticulosis in 1986 (baseline) using data from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study...
January 5, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065611/-diet-and-lifestyle-rules-in-chronic-constipation-in-adults-from-fantasy-to-reality%C3%A2
#16
Nadia Fathallah, Dominique Bouchard, Vincent de Parades
Chronic constipation is one of the most common chronic gastrointestinal complaints and a frequent reason for consultation. Lifestyle modification and dietary advice attract a lot of patients, often dissatisfied with a long-term drug intake. These behavioral modifications are recommended as a first-line approach in the treatment of chronic mild constipation in the majority of current guidelines despite a low level of evidence. Fiber supplementation is probably the most relevant measure because of a satisfactory level of proof...
January 5, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063510/converting-citrus-wastes-into-value-added-products-economic-and-environmently-friendly-approaches
#17
REVIEW
Kavita Sharma, Neelima Mahato, Moo Hwan Cho, Yong Rok Lee
Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruits, lemons, limes, tangerines, and mandarins, are among the most widely cultivated fruits around the globe. Its production is increasing every year due to rising consumer demand. Citrus-processing industries generate huge amounts of wastes every year, and citrus peel waste alone accounts for almost 50% of the wet fruit mass. Citrus waste is of immense economic value as it contains an abundance of various flavonoids, carotenoids, dietary fiber, sugars, polyphenols, essential oils, and ascorbic acid, as well as considerable amounts of some trace elements...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051940/a-maternal-low-fiber-diet-predisposes-offspring-to-improved-metabolic-phenotypes-in-adulthood-in-an-herbivorous-rodent
#18
Xue-Ying Zhang, Mei-Fang Lou, Wei Shen, Rong-Shu Fu, De-Hua Wang
The maternal or paternal dietary composition can have important effects on various aspects of their offspring's physiology. Studies from animal models and humans showed that a maternal high-fiber diet protected offspring against fat accumulation. However, little is known about how a maternal low-fiber diet modifies the metabolism of offspring in herbivorous rodents. We hypothesized that a maternal low-fiber diet would confer long-lasting beneficial effects on offspring metabolic phenotypes in herbivorous Brandt's vole (Lasiopodomys brandtii)...
January 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049271/dietary-intake-physical-activity-and-time-management-are-associated-with-constipation-in-preschool-children-in-japan
#19
Keiko Asakura, Shizuko Masayasu, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Constipation is a common complaint in children, which is not fatal but can affect quality of life. Several lifestyle-related risk factors for constipation have been reported, particularly dietary factors, but results have been inconsistent. Here, we examined the relationship of dietary and lifestyle factors with constipation in Japanese preschool children using data of a nationwide study. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Subjects were 5,309 children aged 5 to 6 years at 380 nursery schools in 44 of 47 prefectures in Japan...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049267/dietary-fiber-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-risk-of-pancreatic-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#20
Qi-Qi Mao, Yi-Wei Lin, Hong Chen, Jie Qin, Xiang-Yi Zheng, Xin Xu, Li-Ping Xie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The association between fiber intake and pancreatic cancer risk is conflicting and poorly explored. The aim of study was to investigate the association between dietary fiber intake and the risk of pancreatic cancer by conducting a meta-analysis of epidemiological studies. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Systematic search of PubMed and Embase databases up to April 2015 were conducted to identify relevant studies. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were combined using random-effects models to assess the risk of pancreatic cancer when comparing extreme categories of fiber intake...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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