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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718519/cookies-elaborated-with-oat-and-common-bean-flours-improved-serum-markers-in-diabetic-rats
#1
Iza F Pérez-Ramírez, Laura J Becerril-Ocampo, Rosalía Reynoso-Camacho, Mayra Denise Herrera, S Horacio Guzmán-Maldonado, Raquel K Cruz-Bravo
BACKGROUND: Common beans have been associated to anti-diabetic effects, due to its high content of bioactive compounds. Nevertheless, its consumption has decreased worldwide. Therefore, there is an increasing interest in the development of novel functional foods elaborated with common beans. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-diabetic effect of oat-bean flour cookies, and to analyze its bioactive composition, using commercial oat-wheat cookies for comparative purposes. RESULTS: Oat-bean cookies (1...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714091/habitual-diet-and-diet-quality-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a%C3%A2-case-control-study
#2
E F Tigchelaar, Z Mujagic, A Zhernakova, M A M Hesselink, S Meijboom, C W M Perenboom, A A M Masclee, C Wijmenga, E J M Feskens, D M A E Jonkers
BACKGROUND: Diet is considered to be a key factor in symptom generation in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and patients tend to exclude food products from their diet in pursue of symptom relief, which may impair diet quality. METHODS: We evaluated habitual dietary intake in IBS patients with regard to nutrients and food products using an extensive food frequency questionnaire. One hundred ninety-four IBS patients were compared to 186 healthy controls using multiple logistic regression analysis...
July 17, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710831/dietary-fiber-intake-and-head-and-neck-cancer-risk-a-pooled-analysis-in-the-international-head-and-neck-cancer-epidemiology-consortium
#3
Daisuke Kawakita, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Federica Turati, Maria Parpinel, Adriano Decarli, Diego Serraino, Keitaro Matsuo, Andrew F Olshan, Jose P Zevallos, Deborah M Winn, Kirsten Moysich, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Hal Morgenstern, Fabio Levi, Karl Kelsey, Michael McClean, Cristina Bosetti, Werner Garavello, Stimson Schantz, Guo-Pei Yu, Paolo Boffetta, Shu-Chun Chuang, Mia Hashibe, Monica Ferraroni, Carlo La Vecchia, Valeria Edefonti
The possible role of dietary fiber in the etiology of head and neck cancers (HNCs) is unclear. We used individual-level pooled data from 10 case-control studies (5959 cases and 12,248 controls) participating in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology (INHANCE) consortium, to examine the association between fiber intake and cancer of the oral cavity/pharynx and larynx. Odds Ratios (ORs) and their 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs) were estimated using unconditional multiple logistic regression applied to quintile categories of non-alcohol energy-adjusted fiber intake and adjusted for tobacco and alcohol use and other known or putative confounders...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710146/current-evidence-on-associations-of-nutritional-factors-with-ovarian-reserve-and-timing-of-menopause-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Nazanin Moslehi, Parvin Mirmiran, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Fereidoun Azizi
Ovarian aging is thought to be influenced by environmental factors, including nutrition. The aim of this study was to systematically review current evidence on the associations between nutritional factors, ovarian reserve, and age at menopause. PubMed and Scopus were structurally searched until May 2016. Original studies, with either observational or interventional designs, that examined the associations of nutritional factors (serum or dietary nutrients, food groups, and/or dietary patterns) with different ovarian reserve markers and/or timing of menopause were considered eligible...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705156/diet-segregation-in-american-bison-bison-bison-of-yellowstone-national-park-wyoming-usa
#5
John L Berini, Catherine Badgley
BACKGROUND: Body size is a major factor in the nutritional ecology of ruminant mammals. Females, due to their smaller size and smaller rumen, have more rapid food-passage times than males and thereby require higher quality forage. Males are more efficient at converting high-fiber forage into usable energy and thus, are more concerned with quantity. American bison are sexually dimorphic and sexually segregate for the majority of their adult lives, and in Yellowstone National Park, they occur in two distinct subpopulations within the Northern and Central ranges...
July 14, 2017: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702429/wild-mushrooms-a-potential-source-of-nutritional-and-antioxidant-attributes-with-acceptable-toxicity
#6
Sumaira Sharif, Muhammad Shahid, Muhammad Mushtaq, Sumia Akram, Ayoub Rashid
This paper describes in detail proximate composition, nutritional profile, phytochemical constituents, antioxidant activities, antimicrobial potential, and antihemolytic activity (towards human erythrocytes) of various fractions of wild Ganoderma lucidum. Proximate analysis established that wild G. lucidum comprises about 87.02±5.45% of moisture, and the remaining part is a rich source of proteins (8.59±0.37%), crude fiber (54.21±1.2%), and carbohydrate (35.16%) with smaller fat content (3.33 %). Similarly, phytochemical screening revealed the presence of flavonoids (217...
June 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702423/food-ingredients-that-inhibit-cholesterol-absorption
#7
REVIEW
Elliot D Jesch, Timothy P Carr
Cholesterol is a vital component of the human body. It stabilizes cell membranes and is the precursor of bile acids, vitamin D and steroid hormones. However, cholesterol accumulation in the bloodstream (hypercholesterolemia) can cause atherosclerotic plaques within artery walls, leading to heart attacks and strokes. The efficiency of cholesterol absorption in the small intestine is of great interest because human and animal studies have linked cholesterol absorption with plasma concentration of total and low density lipoprotein cholesterol...
June 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695324/the-effect-of-almonds-on-vitamin-e-status-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Hana Jung, C-Y Oliver Chen, Jeffrey B Blumberg, Ho-Kyung Kwak
PURPOSE: Almonds have shown to beneficially modify some cardiovascular risk factors in clinical trials conducted in diverse ethnic populations but this relationship has never been tested in Koreans. Thus, we tested the impact of almonds consumed as a snack within the context of a typical Korean diet on cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, crossover trial in a free-living setting with a 2-week run-in period, two 4-week intervention phases, and a 2-week washout period between interventions...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692849/designing-healthier-comminuted-meat-products-effect-of-dietary-fibers-on-water-distribution-and-texture-of-a-fat-reduced-meat-model-system
#9
Minyi Han, Hanne Christine Bertram
Development of healthier meat products is needed to meet consumers' request. The effects of dietary fiber addition on the water distribution, water binding capacity (WBC), and textural properties of a fat-reduced model meat system enriched with inulin, cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), chitosan, pectin, respectively, were investigated in this study. The fibers were incorporated in powder form to constitute 2% (w/w) of the meat batter. In general, fiber enrichment resulted in significant lower cooking loss and improved WBC, while the impact on texture was dependent on the specific dietary fiber...
July 3, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692324/effect-of-goat-s-milk-supplementation-with-tamr-on-free-fatty-acids-antioxidant-activity-and-probiotic-bacteria-of-bio-rayeb-milk
#10
Mohamed N F Hamad, Magdy M Ismail, Esraa M Elraghy
Tamr (dried dates) has a high sugar content, essential vitamins, and high nutrient density. Dairy products still are the most typical carriers of probiotic bacteria. Six treatments of bio-rayeb milk were manufactured from goat's milk fortified with 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25% Tamr using ABT-5 culture. Rayeb milk containing tamr had lower pH and fat and higher carbohydrate, total solids, dietary fiber, ash, total protein, water-soluble nitrogen, and total volatile fatty acids. Mixing tamr with bio-rayeb milk increased nutritional value by decreasing saturated fatty acids and increasing unsaturated fatty acids, oleic, linoleic, α-linolenic acids, and antioxidant activity values...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690068/effects-of-feeding-alfalfa-stemlage-or-wheat-straw-for-dietary-energy-dilution-on-nutrient-intake-and-digestibility-growth-performance-and-feeding-behavior-of-holstein-dairy-heifers
#11
Huawei Su, Matt S Akins, Nancy M Esser, Robin Ogden, Wayne K Coblentz, Kenneth F Kalscheur, Ron Hatfield
Feeding high-quality forage diets may lead to excessive weight gains and over-conditioning for dairy heifers. Restriction of energy density and dry matter intake by using low-energy forages, such as straw, is a good approach for controlling this problem. Alfalfa stems contain high fiber and moderate protein content and have the potential to be used to replace straw to reduce dietary energy. The objective of this study was to compare nutrient intakes, digestibilities, growth performance, and feeding behaviors of dairy heifers offered an alfalfa silage/corn silage high energy diet (HE; 13...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690065/effects-of-replacing-maize-silage-with-lucerne-silage-and-lucerne-silage-chop-length-on-rumen-function-and-milk-fatty-acid-composition
#12
A L Thomson, D J Humphries, K E Kliem, M T Dittmann, C K Reynolds
The objective of this study was to investigate whether higher lucerne (Medicago sativa; alfalfa) silage inclusion rate and longer lucerne chop length improves rumen function through increased provision of physically effective fiber, when included in a maize and lucerne silage-based total mixed ration. Diets were formulated to contain a 50:50 forage:concentrate ratio [dry matter (DM) basis] and be isonitrogenous and contain equal levels of neutral detergent fiber (320 g/kg). The forage portion of the offered diets was composed of maize and lucerne silage DM in proportions (wt/wt) of either 25:75 (high lucerne; HL) or 75:25 (low lucerne; LL)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686965/chemical-constituents-and-pharmacological-actions-of-carob-pods-and-leaves-ceratonia-siliqua-l-on-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Kaïs Rtibi, Slimen Selmi, Dhekra Grami, Mohamed Amri, Bruno Eto, Jamel El-Benna, Hichem Sebai, Lamjed Marzouki
Carob tree, Ceratonia siliqua L., is a medicinal plant used in Tunisian traditional medicine for the treatment of the gastro-intestinal (GI) disorders. In this respect, a relatively large number of scientific publications on the carob tree have been published in recent years. Therefore, the present review was aimed to analyze the traditional uses, phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Ceratonia siliqua on the GI tract. Indeed, previous investigations on the carob pods and leaves have revealed the presence of a number of compounds including high amounts of carbohydrates, dietary fibers, minerals, polyphenols, flavonoids and low amounts of protein and lipids...
July 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686287/food-intake-and-darunavir-plasma-concentrations-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-an-outpatient-setting
#14
A Daskapan, D Dijkema, D A de Weerd, W F W Bierman, J G W Kosterink, T S van der Werf, J W C Alffenaar, Y Stienstra
Patients receiving darunavir are advised to take it concomitantly with food. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the actual concomitant food intake of patients visiting an HIV outpatient clinic. In this cross-sectional study participants treated with darunavir/ritonavir once daily were subjected to a food recall-questionnaire concerning their last concomitant food intake with darunavir. Darunavir trough concentrations were calculated. For the 60 participants the median food intake was 507 (0 - 2707) kcal; protein intake, 20 (0 - 221)g; carbohydrates, 62 (0 - 267)g; fat intake: 14 (0 - 143)g; and dietary fiber: 4 (0 - 30)g...
July 7, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679552/randomized-controlled-trial-of-dietary-fiber-for-the-prevention-of-radiation-induced-gastrointestinal-toxicity-during-pelvic-radiotherapy
#15
Linda Wedlake, Clare Shaw, Helen McNair, Amyn Lalji, Kabir Mohammed, Tanya Klopper, Lindsey Allan, Diana Tait, Maria Hawkins, Navita Somaiah, Susan Lalondrelle, Alexandra Taylor, Nicholas VanAs, Alexandra Stewart, Sharadah Essapen, Heather Gage, Kevin Whelan, H Jervoise N Andreyev
Background: Therapeutic radiotherapy is an important treatment of pelvic cancers. Historically, low-fiber diets have been recommended despite a lack of evidence and potentially beneficial mechanisms of fiber.Objective: This randomized controlled trial compared low-, habitual-, and high-fiber diets for the prevention of gastrointestinal toxicity in patients undergoing pelvic radiotherapy.Design: Patients were randomly assigned to low-fiber [≤10 g nonstarch polysaccharide (NSP)/d], habitual-fiber (control), or high-fiber (≥18 g NSP/d) diets and received individualized counseling at the start of radiotherapy to achieve these targets...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679551/pretreatment-fasting-plasma-glucose-and-insulin-modify-dietary-weight-loss-success-results-from-3-randomized-clinical-trials
#16
Mads F Hjorth, Christian Ritz, Ellen E Blaak, Wim Hm Saris, Dominique Langin, Sanne Kellebjerg Poulsen, Thomas Meinert Larsen, Thorkild Ia Sørensen, Yishai Zohar, Arne Astrup
Background: Which diet is optimal for weight loss and maintenance remains controversial and implies that no diet fits all patients.Objective: We studied concentrations of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and fasting insulin (FI) as prognostic markers for successful weight loss and maintenance through diets with different glycemic loads or different fiber and whole-grain content, assessed in 3 randomized trials of overweight participants.Design: After an 8-wk weight loss, participants in the DiOGenes (Diet, Obesity, and Genes) trial consumed ad libitum for 26 wk a diet with either a high or a low glycemic load...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678925/gestational-protein-restriction-increases-cardiac-connexin-43-mrna-levels-in-male-adult-rat-offspring
#17
Kamila Fernanda Rossini, Camila Andrea de Oliveira, Hércules Jonas Rebelato, Marcelo Augusto Marreto Esquisatto, Rosana Catisti
Background: The dietary limitation during pregnancy influences the growth and development of the fetus and offspring and their health into adult life. The mechanisms underlying the adverse effects of gestational protein restriction (GPR) in the development of the offspring hearts are not well understood. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of GPR on cardiac structure in male rat offspring at day 60 after birth (d60). Methods: Pregnant Wistar rats were fed a normal-protein (NP, 17% casein) or low-protein (LP, 6% casein) diet...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675969/the-dietary-fiber-profile-of-fruit-peels-and-functionality-modifications-induced-by-high-hydrostatic-pressure-treatments
#18
Viridiana Tejada-Ortigoza, Luis Eduardo García-Amezquita, Sergio O Serna-Saldívar, Jorge Welti-Chanes
The effect of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) and temperature on composition of non-conventional dietary fiber (DF) sources and functional properties were evaluated. Mango, orange, or prickly pear peels were processed at 600 MPa during 10 min at 22 ℃ and 55 ℃. Total (TDF), soluble (SDF), and insoluble (IDF) dietary fiber, water/oil holding, and retention capacity, solubility, swelling capacity, and bulk density were assayed. An increment in the SDF content was observed due to the effect of pressure with the greatest changes noticed in mango peel, increasing from 37...
July 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665516/proximate-mineral-composition-and-antioxidant-activity-of-traditional-small-millets-cultivated-and-consumed-in-rayalaseema-region-of-south-india
#19
Vali Pasha K, Ratnavathi C V, Ajani J, Raju D, Manoj Kumar S R, Sashidhar R B
BACKGROUND: Millets are a diverse group of small seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal foods. This communication details the proximate, mineral profile and antioxidant activity of six different small millets (Finger, Foxtail, Proso, Little, Barnyard and Kodo millets) and their 21 cultivars that are traditionally cultivated and consumed in the region of Ralayaseema, South India. RESULTS: The proximate analysis revealed that these millets are rich in protein, fat, ash (mineral), total dietary fiber and total phenols with appreciable antioxidant activity...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662572/beyond-fermentation-other-important-services-provided-to-endothermic-herbivores-by-their-gut-microbiota
#20
M Denise Dearing, Kevin D Kohl
For decades, comparative biologists have recognized the importance of microbial partners in facilitating herbivory as a successful feeding strategy. Most of this success is attributed to the ability of gut microbes to digest recalcitrant dietary fiber and provides usable nutrients to their hosts. Gut microbes can also provide numerous other functions, such as vitamin synthesis, nitrogen recycling, and the detoxification of plant secondary compounds. Here, we review these microbial functions in herbivorous mammals and birds, highlighting studies that utilize recently developed metagenomic techniques...
June 28, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
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