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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430546/overall-preference-of-running-shoes-can-be-predicted-by-suitable-perception-factors-using-a-multiple-regression-model
#1
Cheryl Sihui Tay, Thorsten Sterzing, Chen Yen Lim, Rui Ding, Pui Wah Kong
OBJECTIVE: This study examined (a) the strength of four individual footwear perception factors to influence the overall preference of running shoes and (b) whether these perception factors satisfied the nonmulticollinear assumption in a regression model. BACKGROUND: Running footwear must fulfill multiple functional criteria to satisfy its potential users. Footwear perception factors, such as fit and cushioning, are commonly used to guide shoe design and development, but it is unclear whether running-footwear users are able to differentiate one factor from another...
May 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427422/differences-in-muscle-activity-and-temporal-step-parameters-between-lokomat-guided-walking-and-treadmill-walking-in-post-stroke-hemiparetic-patients-and-healthy-walkers
#2
Klaske van Kammen, Anne M Boonstra, Lucas H V van der Woude, Heleen A Reinders-Messelink, Rob den Otter
BACKGROUND: The Lokomat is a robotic exoskeleton that can be used to train gait function in hemiparetic stroke. To purposefully employ the Lokomat for training, it is important to understand (1) how Lokomat guided walking affects muscle activity following stroke and how these effects differ between patients and healthy walkers, (2) how abnormalities in the muscle activity of patients are modulated through Lokomat guided gait, and (3) how temporal step characteristics of patients were modulated during Lokomat guided walking...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417667/immediate-and-short-term-biomechanical-adaptation-of-habitual-barefoot-runners-who-start-shod-running
#3
Ivan P H Au, Fannie O Y Lau, Winko W An, Janet H Zhang, Tony L Chen, Roy T H Cheung
This study investigated the immediate and short-term effects of minimalist shoes (MS) and traditional running shoes (TRS) on vertical loading rates, foot strike pattern and lower limb kinematics in a group of habitual barefoot runners. Twelve habitual barefoot runners were randomly given a pair of MS or TRS and were asked to run with the prescribed shoes for 1 month. Outcome variables were obtained before, immediate after and 1 month after shoe prescription. Average and instantaneous vertical loading rates at the 1-month follow-up were significantly higher than that at the pre-shod session (P < 0...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403112/footwear-used-by-older-people-and-a-history-of-hyperkeratotic-lesions-on-the-foot-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Patricia Palomo-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo, Daniel López-López
Inadequate footwear, painful and hyperkeratotic lesions (HL) are an extremely common problems amongst older people. Such problems increase the risk of falls, hamper mobility, reduction of quality of life, dignity, and ability to remain independent. The etiology of painful and feet conditions is poorly understood.To discover footwear preferences of older people, pain tolerance may favor presence of HL for the use of inadequate footwear in old age.A sample of 100 participants with a mean age of 74.90 ± 7...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388780/effect-of-footwear-on-dynamic-stability-during-single-leg-jump-landings
#5
Bradley J Bowser, William C Rose, Robert McGrath, Jilian Salerno, Joshua Wallace, Irene S Davis
Barefoot and minimal footwear running has led to greater interest in the biomechanical effects of different types of footwear. The effect of running footwear on dynamic stability is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to compare dynamic stability and impact loading across 3 footwear conditions; barefoot, minimal footwear and standard running shoes. 25 injury free runners (21 male, 4 female) completed 5 single-leg jump landings in each footwear condition. Dynamic stability was assessed using the dynamic postural stability index and its directional components (mediolateral, anteroposterior, vertical)...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343023/classification-of-footwear-outsole-patterns-using-fourier-transform-and-local-interest-points
#6
Nicole Richetelli, Mackenzie C Lee, Carleen A Lasky, Madison E Gump, Jacqueline A Speir
Successful classification of questioned footwear has tremendous evidentiary value; the result can minimize the potential suspect pool and link a suspect to a victim, a crime scene, or even multiple crime scenes to each other. With this in mind, several different automated and semi-automated classification models have been applied to the forensic footwear recognition problem, with superior performance commonly associated with two different approaches: correlation of image power (magnitude) or phase, and the use of local interest points transformed using the Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) and compared using Random Sample Consensus (RANSAC)...
March 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338396/should-ballet-dancers-vary-postures-and-under-foot-surfaces-when-practicing-postural-balance
#7
Nili Steinberg, Gordon Waddington, Roger Adams, Janet Karin, Oren Tirosh
BACKGROUND: Postural balance (PB) is an important component skill for professional dancers. However, the effects of different types of postures and different underfoot surfaces on PB have not been adequately addressed. PURPOSE: The main aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of different conditions of footwear, surfaces, and standing positions on static and dynamic PB ability of young ballet dancers. METHOD: Thirty-six male and female young professional ballet dancers (aged 14-19) completed static and dynamic balance testing, measured by head and lumbar accelerometers, while standing on one leg in the turn-out position, under six different conditions: 1...
March 24, 2017: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334016/does-shoe-heel-design-influence-ground-reaction-forces-and-knee-moments-during-maximum-lunges-in-elite-and-intermediate-badminton-players
#8
Wing-Kai Lam, Jaejin Ryue, Ki-Kwang Lee, Sang-Kyoon Park, Jason Tak-Man Cheung, Jiseon Ryu
BACKGROUND: Lunge is one frequently executed movement in badminton and involves a unique sagittal footstrike angle of more than 40 degrees at initial ground contact compared with other manoeuvres. This study examined if the shoe heel curvature design of a badminton shoe would influence shoe-ground kinematics, ground reaction forces, and knee moments during lunge. METHODS: Eleven elite and fifteen intermediate players performed five left-forward maximum lunge trials with Rounded Heel Shoe (RHS), Flattened Heel Shoe (FHS), and Standard Heel Shoes (SHS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332935/correction-to-computerized-agility-training-improves-change-of-direction-and-balance-performance-independently-of-footwear-in-young-adults
#9
Max R Paquette, Brian K Schilling, Joshua D Bravo, Shelby A Peel, Yuhua Li, Robert J Townsend
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331550/experiences-of-mobility-for-people-living-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-who-are-receiving-biologic-drug-therapy-implications-for-podiatry-services
#10
Lucy Sanders, Margaret Donovan-Hall, Alan Borthwick, Catherine J Bowen
BACKGROUND: Despite significant advancements in new treatment modalities for rheumatoid arthritis with biological therapies, foot complications remain a disabling and common feature of the disease. In this study the aim was to explore and describe the personal experiences of people with rheumatoid arthritis in receipt of biologic treatments in a bid to understand the impact of this form of medication on their mobility. METHODS: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was undertaken to explore in depth the individual experience of rheumatoid disease through personal accounts of the patient journey spanning both 'before' and 'after' the instigation of biologic therapy...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328852/impact-of-the-quality-of-life-related-to-foot-health-in-a-sample-of-pregnant-women-a-case-control-study
#11
Daniel López-López, Inés Rodríguez-Vila, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo, Carlos Romero-Morales, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo
Pregnancy women coincide with numerous anatomical and physiological changes, which are believed to have a harmful effect on the quality of life related to foot health. The goal of this research was to identify and compare the impact foot health and overall health in a sample of pregnancy women and women without pregnancies with normalised reference values.A sample of 159 participants of a mean age of 30.13 ± 6.28 came to the area of midwifery center where self-reported data were registered, informants' with a 1 or various pregnancy was determined and the scores obtained were compared in the foot health status questionnaire (FHSQ)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324133/foot-health-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Minna Stolt, Riitta Suhonen, Helena Leino-Kilpi
Rheumatoid arthritis affects joints and can cause significant impairments in daily life. The foot is often the first site of symptoms and foot problems are strongly related to RA. The aim of this review was, therefore, to describe foot health in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and to identify how patients perform foot self-care. With this knowledge interventions to support foot health and functional ability in RA patients can be developed. The design of the review was a scoping review. A systematic literature search of three electronic databases, MEDLINE, CINAHL and Embase, was conducted in June 2016...
March 21, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292715/footwear-characteristics-are-related-to-running-mechanics-in-runners-with-patellofemoral-pain
#13
Jean-Francois Esculier, Blaise Dubois, Laurent J Bouyer, Bradford J McFadyen, Jean-Sébastien Roy
Running footwear is known to influence step rate, foot inclination at foot strike, average vertical loading rate (VLR) and peak patellofemoral joint (PFJ) force. However, the association between the level of minimalism of running shoes and running mechanics, especially with regards to these relevant variables for runners with patellofemoral pain (PFP), has yet to be investigated. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between the level of minimalism of running shoes and habitual running kinematics and kinetics in runners with PFP...
March 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289465/an-exploration-of-diabetic-foot-screening-procedures-data-by-a-multiple-correspondence-analysis
#14
Vilma Urbančič Rovan, Jože Rovan
AIMS: Gangrene and amputation are among most feared complications of diabetes mellitus. Early detection of patients at high risk for foot ulceration can prevent foot complications. Regular foot screening (medical history, foot examination and classification into risk groups) was introduced at the out-patient diabetes clinic in Ljubljana in November 1996. We aimed to explore the relationships between the observed variables, check the appropriateness of the risk status classification and of the post-screening decisions...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285830/the-use-of-non-slip-socks-to-prevent-falls-among-hospitalized-older-adults-a-literature-review
#15
Benjamin Hartung, Michelle Lalonde
Falls among hospitalized older adults are a growing concern. Hospitals are using non-slip socks as an alternative footwear to help prevent falls, however there is limited evidence to support their use. The aim of this article is to review the literature on the effectiveness of non-slip socks to determine if there is sufficient evidence to support their use in the prevention of falls among hospitalized older adults. A comprehensive literature search was conducted using Medline, CINAHL, Scopus, PubMed and the Cochrane Library...
March 9, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285001/associations-between-changes-in-knee-pain-location-and-clinical-symptoms-in-people-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-using-footwear-for-self-management-an-exploratory-study
#16
A Van Ginckel, K L Bennell, P K Campbell, J Kasza, T V Wrigley, D J Hunter, R S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether change in pain location is associated with clinically-relevant improvements in walking pain severity and physical dysfunction in people with medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis (OA) using footwear for self-management. DESIGN: We analysed a sub-set of 91 participants pooled from both arms of a 6-month randomised controlled trial of footwear for knee OA. The Photographic Knee Pain Map was self-administered to generate changes in the number of painful zones ('unchanged', 'increased', 'decreased') and anatomical patterns of pain ('unchanged', 'no longer diffuse', 'becoming diffuse', 'other pattern changes')...
March 8, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277405/the-preferred-movement-path-paradigm-influence-of-running-shoes-on-joint-movement
#17
Benno M Nigg, Jordyn Vienneau, Aimée C Smith, Matthieu B Trudeau, Maurice Mohr, Sandro R Nigg
PURPOSE: (a) to quantify differences in lower extremity joint kinematics for groups of runners subjected to different running footwear conditions, and (b) to quantify differences in lower extremity joint kinematics on an individual basis for runners subjected to different running footwear conditions. METHODS: Three-dimensional ankle and knee joint kinematics were collected for 35 heel-toe runners when wearing three different running shoes and when running barefoot...
March 8, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268695/development-of-a-real-time-activity-monitoring-android-application-utilizing-smartstep
#18
Nagaraj Hegde, Edward Melanson, Edward Sazonov
Footwear based activity monitoring systems are becoming popular in academic research as well as consumer industry segments. In our previous work, we had presented developmental aspects of an insole based activity and gait monitoring system-SmartStep, which is a socially acceptable, fully wireless and versatile insole. The present work describes the development of an Android application that captures the SmartStep data wirelessly over Bluetooth Low energy (BLE), computes features on the received data, runs activity classification algorithms and provides real time feedback...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263247/return-to-sport-activities-after-subtalar-arthroereisis-for-correction-of-pediatric-flexible-flatfoot
#19
Nicolò Martinelli, Alberto Bianchi, Polina Martinkevich, Elena Sartorelli, Giovanni Romeo, Carlo Bonifacini, Francesco Malerba
The aim of this study was to establish whether children treated with subtalar arthroereisis for flexible flatfoot were able to return to sport activities. We reviewed 49 patients with a mean age at the time of surgery of 10.7 years. The type of sport activities, the number of sessions per week, the time dedicated to each session, and the level achieved were assessed preoperatively and at the last follow-up. Overall, 45 patients returned to sports after surgery. Surgery did not alter the duration, frequency, and type of sporting activities, but the participation in physical activities as well as the emotional status and footwear issues improved...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229034/comprehensive-review-of-non-operative-management-of-hallux-rigidus
#20
REVIEW
Charles Kon Kam King, James Loh Sy, Qishi Zheng, Kinjal V Mehta
This article aims to provide an evidence-based literature review for the non-operative management of hallux rigidus. Currently, there is very little article on the evidence for the non-operative management of hallux rigidus. A comprehensive evidence-based literature review of the PubMed database conducted in November 2016, identified 11 relevant articles out of 560 articles assessing the efficacy of non-operative modalities for hallux rigidus. The 11 studies were then assigned to a level of evidence (I-IV)...
January 20, 2017: Curēus
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