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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229034/comprehensive-review-of-non-operative-management-of-hallux-rigidus
#1
REVIEW
Charles Kon Kam King, James Loh Sy, Qishi Zheng, Kinjal V Mehta
This article aims to provide an evidence-based literature review for the non-operative management of hallux rigidus. Currently, there is very little article on the evidence for the non-operative management of hallux rigidus. A comprehensive evidence-based literature review of the PubMed database conducted in November 2016, identified 11 relevant articles out of 560 articles assessing the efficacy of non-operative modalities for hallux rigidus. The 11 studies were then assigned to a level of evidence (I-IV)...
January 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226882/development-of-a-real-time-activity-monitoring-android-application-utilizing-smartstep
#2
Nagaraj Hegde, Edward Melanson, Edward Sazonov, Nagaraj Hegde, Edward Melanson, Edward Sazonov, Nagaraj Hegde, Edward Melanson, Edward Sazonov
Footwear based activity monitoring systems are becoming popular in academic research as well as consumer industry segments. In our previous work, we had presented developmental aspects of an insole based activity and gait monitoring system-SmartStep, which is a socially acceptable, fully wireless and versatile insole. The present work describes the development of an Android application that captures the SmartStep data wirelessly over Bluetooth Low energy (BLE), computes features on the received data, runs activity classification algorithms and provides real time feedback...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222048/comparison-of-running-economy-values-while-wearing-no-shoes-minimal-shoes-and-normal-running-shoes
#3
Robbie G Cochrum, Ryan T Connors, John M Coons, Dana K Fuller, Don W Morgan, Jennifer L Caputo
Cochrum, RG, Connors, RT, Coons, JM, Fuller, DK, Morgan, DW, and Caputo, JL. Comparison of running economy values while wearing no shoes, minimal shoes, and normal running shoes. J Strength Cond Res 31(3): 595-601, 2017-The purpose of this study was to quantify differences in running economy (RE) at 50 and 70% of each subject's velocity at V[Combining Dot Above]O2max (vV[Combining Dot Above]O2max) across barefoot and 2 mass, stack height, and heel-to-toe-drop controlled footwear conditions (minimal shoes and normal running shoes) in 9 recreational distance runners (mean age 26...
March 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217588/promotion-of-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-a-rural-area-of-south-india-a-community-based-study
#4
Nagapraveen Veerapu, P Subramaniyan, B A Praveenkumar, G Arun
INTRODUCTION: Globally, billions of people do not have access to improved sanitation and many defecate in the open air. Poor hand washing practices and limited access to sanitation facilities perpetuate the transmission of disease-causing germs. The objectives of the study were to find out the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) on sanitary latrine, footwear, and hand washing among rural people and to assess the improvement in KAP after health education intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A health education intervention study was conducted from November 2012 to January 2014 in a rural area of Kuppam, Andhra Pradesh, South India among the people aged 15 years and above...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214061/open-physeal-fracture-of-the-distal-phalanx-of-the-hallux-case-study-diagnosis-and-management
#5
Brandon Morris, Scott Mullen, Paul Schroeppel, Bryan Vopat
Open physeal fractures of the distal phalanx of the hallux are the lesser described counterpart to the same fracture of the finger, known by its eponym as a "Seymour fracture". Displaced Salter-Harris phalangeal fractures present with a concomitant nailbed or soft tissue injury. Often these fractures occur in the summer months when open-toe footwear can be worn, however, they may occur indoors as well. Frequently, the injury results from direct axial load of the toe, or "stubbing", which causes the fracture and associated soft tissue injury...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174473/calf-muscle-activity-alteration-with-foot-orthoses-insertion-during-walking-measured-by-fine-wire-electromyography
#6
Hiroshi Akuzawa, Atsushi Imai, Satoshi Iizuka, Naoto Matsunaga, Koji Kaneoka
[Purpose] The purpose of the study was to assess the muscle activity change of the tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, and peroneus longus during gait with orthoses. [Subjects and Methods] Sixteen healthy males participated in this study. Activity of each muscle was measured by using fine-wire and surface electromyography. Gait task was performed by the participants barefoot, with footwear and with orthoses. The electromyography data from a stance phase of each gait trial were used for analysis. The stance phase was divided into contact, midstance, and propulsion phases...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169098/knee-joint-moments-during-high-flexion-movements-timing-of-peak-moments-and-the-effect-of-safety-footwear
#7
Helen C Chong, Liana M Tennant, David C Kingston, Stacey M Acker
AIM: (1) Characterize knee joint moments and peak knee flexion moment timing during kneeling transitions, with the intent of identifying high-risk postures. (2) Determine whether safety footwear worn by kneeling workers (construction workers, tile setters, masons, roofers) alters high flexion kneeling mechanics. METHODS: Fifteen males performed high flexion kneeling transitions. Kinetics and kinematics were analyzed for differences in ascent and descent in the lead and trail legs...
February 4, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166873/effect-of-work-boot-type-on-work-footwear-habits-lower-limb-pain-and-perceptions-of-work-boot-fit-and-comfort-in-underground-coal-miners
#8
Jessica A Dobson, Diane L Riddiford-Harland, Alison F Bell, Julie R Steele
Lower limb injuries are highly prevalent in underground coal mining. Wearing gumboots with inadequate ankle support was thought to contribute to these injuries. Despite the uptake of leather lace-up boots, which provide more ankle support, no recent research could be found investigating the effect of this alternative work boot in underground coal mining. Consequently, this study aimed to determine whether boot type (gumboot, leather lace-up boot) influenced work footwear habits, foot problems, lower limb pain, lower back pain, or perceptions of work boot fit and comfort in underground coal miners...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159052/complex-ankle-arthrodesis-with-step-cut-osteotomy-in-charcot-arthropathy-with-bone-loss
#9
Sean Booth, Moez Ballal, Anand Pillai
We report a case of a complex limb salvage ankle arthrodesis in a patient with Charcot arthropathy. A step-cut osteotomy was performed in order to tackle the issues of anterior tibial bone loss; worsening leg length discrepancy; soft tissue contraction; joint instability and high risk of non-union. The construct formed by the step-cut allowed for the preservation of good bone stock; avoidance of further limb shortening; increased torsional stability and increased surface area for bony union. This resulted in a patient with a stable, plantigrade foot appropriate for footwear...
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155315/awareness-of-diabetic-foot-disease-amongst-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-attending-the-chronic-outpatients-department-at-a-regional-hospital-in-durban-south-africa
#10
Thea T Goie, Mergan Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot disease (DFD) is a major challenge for the healthcare system, with enormous economic consequences for people living with diabetes, their families, and society, affecting both quality of life and quality of care. The study aim was to assess the level of awareness of DFD amongst patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: An observational descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the chronic outpatients department of a regional hospital in Durban, South Africa...
November 17, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151702/the-athletic-shoe-in-football
#11
James Jastifer, Richard Kent, Jeff Crandall, Chris Sherwood, David Lessley, Kirk A McCullough, Michael J Coughlin, Robert B Anderson
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle injuries are common in sports, particularly in cleated athletes. Traditionally, the athletic shoe has not been regarded as a piece of protective equipment but rather as a part of the uniform, with a primary focus on performance and subjective feedback measures of comfort. Changes in turf and shoe design have poorly understood implications on the health and safety of players. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search of the MEDLINE and PubMed databases was conducted...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149661/biomechanical-podiatric-evaluation-in-an-italian-cohort-of-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#12
Susanna Maddali Bongi, Giovanni Ravenni, Benedetta Ciampi, Angela Del Rosso, Khadija El Aoufy
OBJECTIVE: Foot problems are often present in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) patients, however studies regarding podiatric problems related to SSc are lacking and there are no data evaluating the foot biomechanical changes. The aim of the present pilot study was to evaluate podiatric problems in an Italian cohort of SSc patients by assessing received podiatric services, foot pain and disability and biomechanical foot deformity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 25 consecutive SSc patients were enrolled from the Division of Rheumatology, University of Florence...
December 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128776/musculoskeletal-disorders-and-stress-among-footwear-industry-workers
#13
Larissa Brentini de Almeida, Edgar Ramos Vieira, José Eduardo Zaia, Branca Maria de Oliveira Santos, Américo Riccardi Vaccari Lourenço, Paulo Roberto Veiga Quemelo
BACKGROUND: Manufacturing footwear requires intense manual labor and high repetitions with low variability in function that may lead to musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) symptoms and psychological stress. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a potential association between musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and perceived stress among footwear industry workers. METHODS: The Nordic General Questionnaire (NGQ) and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) were completed by 357 footwear industry workers...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119194/prevention-and-management-of-foot-problems-in-diabetes-a-summary-guidance-for-daily-practice-2015-based-on-the-iwgdf-guidance-documents
#14
N C Schaper, J J Van Netten, J Apelqvist, B A Lipsky, K Bakker
Foot problems complicating diabetes are a source of major patient suffering and societal costs. To prevent, or at least reduce, the adverse effects of foot problems in diabetes, the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot (IWGDF; www.iwgdf.org) was founded in 1996, consisting of experts from almost all the disciplines involved in the care of patients with diabetes and foot problems. An important output of the IWGDF is the international consensus guidance, continuously updated since 1999. To date, the publications have been translated into 26 languages, and more than 100,000 copies have been distributed globally...
February 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114267/the-clubfoot-over-the-centuries
#15
Ilaria Sanzarello, Matteo Nanni, Cesare Faldini
The aim of this paper is to review all treatment methods of the clubfoot over the years through the documentation present in the literature and art with the aim of better understanding the pathoanatomy of the deformity, but to also clarify factors that allow a safe, logical approach to clubfoot management. The initial part of this paper traces the most representative iconographic representations of clubfoot in history to describe how his presence was witnessed since ancient times. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, was the first to present written references about treatment methods of clubfoot...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109624/metatarsalgia
#16
REVIEW
J-L Besse
The causes of metatarsalgia are classified as primary, secondary, and iatrogenic. Anatomical and biomechanical considerations separate "static" from "propulsive" forms of metatarsalgia. The physical examination should be combined with an assessment of weight-bearing radiographs and, if needed, of ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging scans. The first-line treatment is conservative (stretching exercises, footwear modification, insoles, and lesion debridement). Soft-tissue surgical procedures (gastrocnemius muscle recession, tendon transfer, and plantar plate repair) should also be considered...
February 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107372/cohort-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-falls-in-older-people-the-reform-trial
#17
Sarah Cockayne, Joy Adamson, Arabella Clarke, Belen Corbacho, Caroline Fairhurst, Lorraine Green, Catherine E Hewitt, Kate Hicks, Anne-Maree Kenan, Sarah E Lamb, Caroline McIntosh, Hylton B Menz, Anthony C Redmond, Zoe Richardson, Sara Rodgers, Wesley Vernon, Judith Watson, David J Torgerson
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of morbidity among older people. A multifaceted podiatry intervention may reduce the risk of falling. This study evaluated such an intervention. DESIGN: Pragmatic cohort randomised controlled trial in England and Ireland. 1010 participants were randomised (493 to the Intervention group and 517 to Usual Care) to either: a podiatry intervention, including foot and ankle exercises, foot orthoses and, if required, new footwear, and a falls prevention leaflet or usual podiatry treatment plus a falls prevention leaflet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101944/biomechanical-implications-of-walking-with-indigenous-footwear
#18
Catherine Willems, Gaetane Stassijns, Wim Cornelis, Kristiaan D'Août
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates biomechanical implications of walking with indigenous "Kolhapuri" footwear compared to barefoot walking among a population of South Indians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten healthy adults from South India walked barefoot and indigenously shod at voluntary speed on an artificial substrate. The experiment was repeated outside, on a natural substrate. Data were collected from (1) a heel-mounted 3D-accelerometer recording peak impact at heel contact, (2) an ankle-mounted 3D-goniometer (plantar/dorsiflexion and inversion/eversion), and (3) sEMG electrodes at the m...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070223/medical-grade-footwear-the-impact-of-fit-and-comfort
#19
Bessie Hurst, Helen Branthwaite, Andrew Greenhalgh, Nachiappan Chockalingam
BACKGROUND: Pressure-related skin lesions on the digits are a significant cause of discomfort. Most foot pain related to ill-fitting shoes occurs in the forefoot and digital areas. Pain has been associated with poor shoe fit, reduced toe box volume, as well as contour and shape of the shoe Off-the-shelf medical-grade footwear is designed as an intervention for chronic lesions on the digits. These shoes are designed with a flexible neoprene fabric upper that is thought to reduce pressure on the forefoot and reduce discomfort associated with ill-fitting shoes...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068843/outcomes-after-interpositional-arthroplasty-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#20
Michael C Aynardi, Lara Atwater, Eric J Dein, Talal Zahoor, Lew C Schon, Stuart D Miller
BACKGROUND: For patients with hallux rigidus seeking a motion-sparing procedure, interposition arthroplasty is an alternative to fusion. The purpose of this study was to report patient outcomes after interpositional arthroplasty for hallux rigidus. METHODS: All patients undergoing interpositional arthroplasty at our institution from 2001 to 2014 were identified and a retrospective chart review was performed. Follow-up was conducted through a telephone survey to obtain survivorship, satisfaction, and functional scores...
January 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
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