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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902891/computerized-agility-training-improves-change-of-direction-and-balance-performance-independently-of-footwear-in-young-adults
#1
Max R Paquette, Brian K Schilling, Joshua D Bravo, Shelby A Peel, Yuhua Li, Robert J Townsend
: Understanding the effects of training in different footwear on sporting performance would be useful to coaches and athletes. PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of computerized agility training using 3 types of footwear on change-of-direction and balance performance in young adults. METHOD: Thirty recreationally active young adults (Mage = 22.8 ± 3.1 years; Mheight = 1.71 ± 0.7 m; Mbodymass = 73.4 ± 10.3 kg) were randomly assigned to a 6-week computerized agility training intervention in 1 of 3 footwear groups (n = 10/group): barefoot, minimal footwear, or traditional shoes...
November 30, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890134/the-relationship-between-arch-height-and-foot-length-implications-for-size-grading
#2
Matthew Hill, Roozbeh Naemi, Helen Branthwaite, Nachiappan Chockalingam
OBJECTIVE: Medial longitudinal Arch Height is synonymous with classifying foot type and conversely foot function. Detailed knowledge of foot anthropometry is essential in the development of ergonomically sound footwear. Current Footwear design incorporates a direct proportionate scaling of instep dimensions with those of foot length. The objective of this paper is to investigate if a direct proportional relationship exists between human arch height parameters and foot length in subjects with normal foot posture...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888786/the-assessment-of-three-dimensional-foot-pronation-using-a-principal-component-analysis-method-in-the-stance-phase-of-running
#3
Mohammad Rabiei, Mansour Eslami, Afshin Fayyaz Movaghar
Foot pronation has not been quantified dynamically in three planes of movement in an in-vivo study. The aims of this study were to determine foot pronation through using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method and to compare it among barefoot, shod and shod with 6° lateral wedge during the stance phase of running. In this method, three-dimension of foot movements were measured and each of these components represents a percentage of foot pronation. These components were derived based on eigenvalues and vectors of covariance matrix of primary variables...
September 20, 2016: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883983/loss-and-replacement-of-small-particles-on-the-contact-surfaces-of-footwear-during-successive-exposures
#4
David A Stoney, Andrew M Bowen, Paul L Stoney
On the contact surfaces of footwear loosely, moderately and strongly held particle fractions were separated and analyzed in an effort to detect different particle signals. Three environmental exposure sites were chosen to have different, characteristic particle types (soil minerals). Shoes of two types (work boots and tennis shoes) were tested, accumulating particles by walking 250m in each environment. Some shoes were exposed to only one environment; others were exposed to all three, in one of six different sequences...
November 16, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863443/gait-assessment-with-solesound-instrumented-footwear-in-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#5
Jacqueline Montes, Damiano Zanotto, Sally Dunaway Young, Rachel Salazar, Darryl C De Vivo, Sunil Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Gait impairment is common in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and is described using clinical assessments and instrumented walkways. Continuous over-ground walking has not been studied. METHODS: Nine SMA participants completed the six-minute walk test (6MWT) and 10-meter walk/run wearing instrumented footwear (SoleSound). Data were simultaneously collected using a reference system (GAITRite(TM) ). The root mean square error (RMSE) indicated criterion validity...
November 18, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863158/hallux-valgus-by-nature-or-nurture-a-twin-study
#6
Shannon E Munteanu, Hylton B Menz, John D Wark, Jemma J Christie, Katrina J Scurrah, Minh Bui, Bircan Erbas, John L Hopper, Anita E Wluka
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contributions of shared but unmeasured genetic and environmental factors to hallux valgus (HV). METHODS: Between 2011-2012, 74 monozygotic (MZ) and 56 dizygotic (DZ) female twin pairs self-reported HV and putative risk factors, including footwear use across their lifespan. Estimates of casewise concordance (PC ), correlation (ρ) and odds ratios (OR) were calculated, adjusting for age and other risk factors, and compared between MZ and DZ pairs using logistic regression, generalised estimating equations and a maximum likelihood-based method, respectively...
November 18, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858517/slip-initiation-in-alternative-and-slip-resistant-footwear
#7
Harish Chander, Chip Wade, John C Garner, Adam C Knight
Slips occur as a result of failure of normal locomotion. The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of alternative footwear [Crocs™ (CC), flip-flops (FF)] and an industry standard low top slip resistant shoe (SRS)] under multiple gait trials [normal dry (NG); unexpected slip (US), alert slip (AS) and expected slip (ES)] on lower extremity joint kinematics, kinetics and muscle activity. Eighteen healthy male participants [age: 22.28 ± 2.2 years; height: 177.66 ± 6.9 cm; mass: 79.27 ± 7.6 kg] completed the study...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856143/finite-element-modelling-of-the-foot-for-clinical-application-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Sara Behforootan, Panagiotis Chatzistergos, Roozbeh Naemi, Nachiappan Chockalingam
Over the last two decades finite element modelling has been widely used to give new insight on foot and footwear biomechanics. However its actual contribution for the improvement of the therapeutic outcome of different pathological conditions of the foot, such as the diabetic foot, remains relatively limited. This is mainly because finite element modelling has only been used within the research domain. Clinically applicable finite element modelling can open the way for novel diagnostic techniques and novel methods for treatment planning/optimisation which would significantly enhance clinical practice...
November 15, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843849/a-study-of-risk-factors-and-foot-care-behavior-among-diabetics
#9
Mackson Nongmaithem, Arjinder Pal Singh Bawa, Abhilash Kumar Pithwa, Simran Kaur Bhatia, Gurjit Singh, Somnath Gooptu
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot results in considerable morbidity and mortality in developing countries and the prevalence of diabetes is expected to increase further in the next decades in these countries. Diabetic ulcers are the most common foot injuries leading to lower extremity amputation. Family physicians have a pivotal role in the prevention or early diagnosis of diabetic foot complications. Patient education regarding foot hygiene, nail care and proper footwear is crucial to reducing the risk of an injury that can lead to ulcer formation...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842954/a-three-dimensional-approach-for-quantifying-resultant-loading-at-the-knee
#10
Ryan T Lewinson, Chad P Maag, Victor M Y Lun, J Preston Wiley, Chirag Patel, Darren J Stefanyshyn
BACKGROUND: Clinical effectiveness of lateral wedges for knee osteoarthritis is inconsistent across studies. One explanation is that knee loading is not fully described by the peak frontal-plane knee moment. The purpose of this study was to propose a 3D resultant approach to describing moments at the knee and evaluate how this moment changes in response to lateral wedges. METHODS: Walking gait analysis was performed on 20 individuals with knee osteoarthritis, in their own shoes, with and without a six millimeter lateral wedge insole...
November 11, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835963/flip-flop-footwear-with-a-moulded-foot-bed-for-the-treatment-of-foot-pain-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Vivienne Helaine Chuter, Angela Searle, Martin J Spink
BACKGROUND: Foot pain is a common problem affecting up to 1 in 5 adults and is known to adversely affect activities of daily living and health related quality of life. Orthopaedic footwear interventions are used as a conservative treatment for foot pain, although adherence is known to be low, in part due to the perception of poor comfort and unattractiveness of the footwear. The objective of this trial was to assess the efficacy of flip-flop style footwear (Foot Bio-Tec©) with a moulded foot-bed in reducing foot pain compared to participant's usual footwear...
November 11, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827276/influence-of-beliefs-about-health-and-illness-on-self-care-and-care-seeking-in-foreign-born-people-with-diabetic-foot-ulcers-dissimilarities-related-to-origin
#12
K Hjelm, J Apelqvist
OBJECTIVE: To describe beliefs about health and illness among foreign-born people with diabetic foot ulcers that might affect self-reported self-care and health-care seeking and to study whether there are dissimilarities related to origin. METHOD: Qualitative descriptive study. Semi-structured interviews with people aged 38-86 years; 13 born in European and 13 in non-European countries (all except one in the Middle East). All resident in Sweden for 7-60 years (median: 18...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824657/effect-of-footwear-on-joint-pain-and-function-in-older-adults-with-lower-extremity-osteoarthritis
#13
Amy Wagner, Sarah Luna
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition among older adults; given the risks of surgical and pharmaceutical interventions, conservative, lower-cost management options such as footwear warrant further investigation. This systematic review investigated the effects of footwear, including shoe inserts, in reducing lower extremity joint pain and improving gait, mobility, and quality of life in older adults with OA. METHODS: The CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, PubMed, RECAL, and Web of Knowledge databases were searched for publications from January 1990 to September 2014, using the terms "footwear," "shoes," "gait," "pain," and "older adult...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824259/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-cycling-cleat-designed-for-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#14
Ryan T Crews, Steven R Smith, Ramin Ghazizadeh, Sai Yalla, Stephanie C Wu
BACKGROUND: Offloading devices for diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) generally restrict exercise. In addition to traditional health benefits, exercise could benefit DFU by increasing blood flow and acting as thermotherapy. This study functionally evaluated a cycling cleat designed for forefoot DFU. METHODS: Fifteen individuals at risk of developing a DFU used a recumbent stationary bicycle to complete one 5-minute cycling bout with the DFU cleat on their study foot and one 5-minute bout without it...
November 8, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821692/combining-footwear-with-public-health-iconography-to-prevent-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections
#15
Sarah B Paige, Sagan Friant, Lucie Clech, Carly Malavé, Catherine Kemigabo, Richard Obeti, Tony L Goldberg
Shoes are effective for blocking soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) that penetrate the skin. Unfortunately, shoe-wearing is uncommon in many areas where STHs are prevalent, in part because local populations are unaware of the health benefits of wearing shoes. This is especially true in low-literacy populations, where information dissemination through written m essages is not possible. We launched a public health intervention that combines a public health image with sandals. The image is a "lenticular image" that combines two alternating pictures to depict the efficacy of shoes for preventing STH infection...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811159/in-vitro-cytotoxicity-and-genotoxicity-of-composite-mixtures-of-natural-rubber-and-leather-residues-used-for-textile-applications
#16
Dalita Gsm Cavalcante, Andressa S Gomes, Elton Ap Dos Reis, Caroline S Danna, Leandra E Kerche-Silva, Eidi Yoshihara, Aldo E Job
A novel composite material has been developed from natural rubber and leather waste, and a corresponding patent has been filed. This new material may be incorporated into textile and footwear products. However, as leather waste contains chromium, the biocompatibility of this new material and its safety for use in humans must be investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of chromium in this new material, determine the amount of each form of chromium present (trivalent or hexavalent), and evaluate the potential cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of the novel composite in two cell lines...
November 3, 2016: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803620/a-comparison-of-stride-length-and-lower-extremity-kinematics-during-barefoot-and-shod-running-in-well-trained-distance-runners
#17
Peter Francis, James Ledingham, Sarah Clarke, D J Collins, Philip Jakeman
Stride length, hip, knee and ankle angles were compared during barefoot and shod running on a treadmill at two speeds. Nine well-trained (1500m time: 3min:59.80s ± 14.7 s) male (22 ±3 years; 73 ±9 kg; 1.79 ±0.4 m) middle distance (800 m - 5,000 m) runners performed 2 minutes of running at 3.05 m·s(-1) and 4.72 m·s(-1) on an treadmill. This approach allowed continuous measurement of lower extremity kinematic data and calculation of stride length. Statistical analysis using a 2X2 factorial ANOVA revealed speed to have a main effect on stride length and hip angle and footwear to have a main effect on hip angle...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801714/temporal-patterns-of-in-hospital-falls-of-elderly-patients
#18
Pablo J López-Soto, Michael H Smolensky, Linda L Sackett-Lundeen, Alfredo De Giorgi, María A Rodríguez-Borrego, Roberto Manfredini, Cristiano Pelati, Fabio Fabbian
BACKGROUND: A potentially important factor yet to receive adequate study is the time when hospital falls occur. A prior study conducted before the system-wide introduction of preventive measures revealed a biphasic 24-hour pattern of hospital falls with major peak in the morning. OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to identify the temporal patterning of falls among elderly patients in hospitals with comprehensive fall prevention programs in place. METHODS: A 4-year observational study was conducted by the local health authority in the five nonteaching public hospitals located in the province of Ferrara, Italy...
November 2016: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791971/functional-outcomes-after-operative-treatment-of-calcaneal-fractures-midterm-review
#19
Michael A Del Core, Emily Mills, Lisa K Cannada, David E Karges
The purpose of this article is to report midterm follow-up of operatively treated calcaneus fractures. All patients with a calcaneus fracture, treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) using the extensile lateral approach, were identified. Functional outcomes were assessed using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society's (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot assessment, SF-36, and a questionnaire. There were 20 patients (25 fractures): 16 males and four females. The average age was 42 years (range, 16-73 years) and the mean follow-up time was 40 months (range, 13-73 months)...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784518/footwear-dermatitis-diagnosis-and-management-part-iii
#20
Virendra N Sehgal, Farhan Rasool, Govind Srivastava, Ashok Aggarwal, Taru Dutt, Prashant Verma
Footwear dermatitis is an entity with clear clinical features, and the confirmation of its diagnosis is vital. The authors review several tools used for its diagnosis to facilitate appropriate and timely management.
2016: Skinmed
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