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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783138/is-death-anxiety-more-closely-linked-with-optimism-or-pessimism-among-older-adults
#1
Michael D Barnett, Ellen A Anderson, Arthur D Marsden
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether death anxiety is more closely linked with optimism or pessimism among older adults. Participants consisted of community-dwelling older adults (N = 253; 73.1% female) in the southern U.S. Both optimism and pessimism demonstrated a bivariate association with death anxiety; however, when considering optimism and pessimism together-and after controlling for age, gender, physical health, and mental health-optimism was not associated with death anxiety, while pessimism was associated with higher death anxiety...
May 18, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783137/body-composition-as-a-predictor-of-physical-performance-in-older-age-a-ten-year-follow-up-of-the-helsinki-birth-cohort-study
#2
Tuija M Mikkola, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Minna K Salonen, Mika Simonen, Pertti Pohjolainen, Clive Osmond, Mia-Maria Perälä, Taina Rantanen, Eero Kajantie, Johan G Eriksson
BACKGROUND: This study assessed how different measures of body composition predict physical performance ten years later among older adults. METHODS: The participants were 1076 men and women aged 57 to 70 years. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and body composition (bioelectrical impedance analysis) were measured at baseline and physical performance (Senior Fitness Test) ten years later. Linear regression analyses were adjusted for age, education, smoking, duration of the follow-up and physical activity...
May 14, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783004/-the-thing-that-really-gets-me-is-the-future-symptomatology-in-older-homeless-adults-in-the-hope-home-study
#3
Adam Bazari, Maria Patanwala, Lauren M Kaplan, Colette L Auerswald, Margot B Kushel
CONTEXT: The homeless population is aging. Older homeless adults experience premature development of age-related conditions and an elevated symptom burden. Little is known about symptom experience among older homeless adults. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the experience, understanding, and management of physical, psychological, social (e.g. loneliness), and existential (e.g. regret, loss of dignity) symptoms among older homeless adults. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews from June 2016 through March 2017 with a purposive sample of participants from the HOPE HOME cohort, a longitudinal study of homeless adults ages 50 and older...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782827/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-mild-chronic-renal-failure-in-hiv-infected-patients-influence-of-female-gender-and-antiretroviral-therapy
#4
Marina Pontello Cristelli, Joan Carles Trullàs, Federico Cofán, Naira Rico, Christian Manzardo, Juan Ambrosioni, Josep Lluis Bedini, Asunción Moreno, Fritz Diekmann, Jose Maria Miro
BACKGROUND: In people living with HIV, much is known about chronic kidney disease, defined as a glomerular filtration rate under 60mL/min. However, there is scarce data about prevalence and risk factors for milder impairment (60-89mL/min). OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to assess the influence of sex, antiretroviral therapy, and classical risk factors on the occurrence of mild decreased renal function in a large Spanish cohort of HIV-infected patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional, single center study, including all adult HIV-1-infected patients under antiretroviral treatment with at least two serum creatinine measures during 2014, describing the occurrence of and the risk factors for mildly decreased renal function (eGFR by CKD-EPI creatinine equation of 60-89mL/min)...
May 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782505/are-pension-types-associated-with-happiness-in-japanese-older-people-jages-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ichiro Sasaki, Katsunori Kondo, Naoki Kondo, Jun Aida, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Takashi Kusumi, Naoya Sueishi, Yuichi Imanaka
BACKGROUND: Although many previous studies have examined the determinants of happiness in older adults, few have investigated the association between pension types and happiness. When compared to other conventional socioeconomic indicators, pension types may be more indicative of long-term socioeconomic status as they can reflect a person's job history over their life course. This study examined the association between pension types and happiness in Japanese older people. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study were used to analyze the association between pension types and happiness...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782444/prevalence-of-hearing-impairment-in-mahabubnagar-district-telangana-state-india
#6
Tess Bright, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, G V Murthy, Sarah Polack
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of hearing impairment in Mahabubnagar district, Telangana state, India. METHODS: A population-based prevalence survey of hearing impairment was undertaken in 2014. Fifty-one clusters of 80 people aged 6 months and older were selected using probability-proportionate-to-size sampling. A two-stage hearing screening was conducted using otoacoustic emissions on all participants followed by pure-tone audiometry on those aged 4 years and older who failed otoacoustic emissions...
May 16, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782389/development-of-a-novel-self-administered-cognitive-assessment-tool-and-normative-data-for-older-adults
#7
Raphael J Monsch, Amélie C Burckhardt, Manfred Berres, Alessandra E Thomann, Michael M Ehrensperger, Luzius A Steiner, Nicolai Goettel
BACKGROUND: Preexisting cognitive impairment in surgical patients is one of the leading risk factors for adverse cognitive outcomes such as postoperative delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. We developed a self-administered tablet computer application intended to assess the individual risk for adverse postoperative cognitive outcomes. This cross-sectional study aimed to establish normative data for the tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy volunteers aged 65 years and above were administered the Mini-Mental State Examination, Geriatric Depression Scale, and Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease-Neuropsychological Assessment Battery to assess cognitive health...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782312/naturalistic-driving-study-investigating-self-regulation-behavior-in-early-alzheimer-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#8
Laurence Paire-Ficout, Sylviane Lafont, Fanny Conte, Amandine Coquillat, Colette Fabrigoule, Joël Ankri, Frédéric Blanc, Cécilia Gabel, Jean-Luc Novella, Isabella Morrone, Rachid Mahmoudi
BACKGROUND: Because cognitive processes decline in the earliest stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the driving abilities are often affected. The naturalistic driving approach is relevant to study the driving habits and behaviors in normal or critical situations in a familiar environment of participants. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study analyzed in-car video recordings of naturalistic driving in patients with early-stage AD and in healthy controls, with a special focus on tactical self-regulation behavior...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782311/the-independent-associations-of-physical-activity-and-sleep-with-cognitive-function-in-older-adults
#9
Ryan S Falck, John R Best, Jennifer C Davis, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests physical activity (PA) and sleep are important for cognitive health; however, few studies examining the role of PA and sleep for cognitive health have measured these behaviors objectively. OBJECTIVE: We cross-sectionally examined whether 1) higher PA is associated with better cognitive performance independently of sleep quality; 2) higher sleep quality is associated with better cognitive performance independently of PA; and 3) whether higher PA is associated with better sleep quality...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782302/reasons-for-not-using-condoms-among-heterosexual-men-in-belgrade-serbia
#10
Milan Bjekić, Sandra Sipetić-Grujičić, Hristina Vlajinac, Aleksandra Nikolić
Dear Editor, Proper and consistent use of male condoms can be a highly effective method of preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV (1), but this method relies on men's willingness and ability to use condoms. In the United States of America, about 20% overall and less than 50% of adults with multiple partners used a condom at last intercourse (2). In Serbia in 2013 (3), 50.0% of women and 62.5% of men aged 15-49 who had more than one partner in the past year used a condom during their last intercourse...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782228/participation-retention-and-utilization-of-a-web-based-chronic-disease-self-management-intervention-among-older-adults
#11
Jennifer Dickman Portz, Walter F LaMendola
BACKGROUND: Web-based self-management (web-based SM) interventions provide a potential resource for older adults to engage in their own chronic disease management. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of age on participation, retention, and utilization of a web-based SM intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reports the results of a secondary data analysis of the effects of age in a randomized trial of a web-based diabetes SM intervention...
May 21, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781770/reduced-cognitive-capacity-impairs-the-malleability-of-older-adults-negative-attitudes-to-stigmatized-individuals
#12
Anne C Krendl
BACKGROUND: Although engaging explicit regulatory strategies may reduce negative bias toward outgroup members, these strategies are cognitively demanding and thus may not be effective for older adults (OA) who have reduced cognitive resources. The current study therefore examines whether individual differences in cognitive capacity disrupt OA' ability to explicitly regulate their bias to stigmatized individuals. METHODS: Young and OA were instructed to explicitly regulate their negative bias toward stigmatized individuals by using an explicit reappraisal strategy...
May 21, 2018: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781723/strengths-in-older-adults-differential-effect-of-savoring-gratitude-and-optimism-on-well-being
#13
Isabel María Salces-Cubero, Encarnación Ramírez-Fernández, Ana Raquel Ortega-Martínez
Objetive: The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of three separate strengths training-based interventions - Gratitude, Savoring, and Optimism - in older adults. METHOD: The sample comprised 124 older adults, namely, 74 women and 50 men, non-institutionalized individuals who regularly attend day centers in the provinces of Jaén and Córdoba, southern Spain. Their ages ranged between 60 and 89 years. The measures used were Anxiety, Depression, Life Satisfaction, Positive and Negative Affect, Subjective Happiness, and Resilience...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781714/happy-life-expectancy-and-correlates-of-happiness-among-older-adults-in-south-africa
#14
Witness Chirinda, Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya
OBJECTIVES: This paper examines factors associated with happiness and to estimate happy life expectancy for older people in South Africa. METHODS: The study uses data from the first wave of the Study on Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) survey, which is a nationally representative population-based survey with a sample of 3,840 individuals aged 50 years and above. The Sullivan method and multivariate linear regression analysis were used in the analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of happiness was the same for men (55...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781712/me-and-you-in-caregivinghood-dyadic-resistance-resources-and-deficits-out-of-the-informal-caregiver-s-perspective
#15
Mia M T Wennerberg, Solveig M Lundgren, Monica Eriksson, Ella Danielson
OBJECTIVE: To present Specific and Generalized Resistance Resources (SRRs/GRRs) and Deficits (SRDs/GRDs) described by 32 informal caregivers as originating from themselves and their older adult carerecipients as dyads. METHOD: Salutogenic interviewing was used to assemble data from caregivers. A theory-driven, memo-guided and comparative analysis using within- and across- case analysis was applied to unravel resources and deficits influencing the outcomes when they managed tension associated with caregiving...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781711/validity-and-reliability-of-the-persian-version-of-general-practitioner-assessment-of-cognition-p-gpcog
#16
Vahid Rashedi, Mahshid Foroughan, Heiman Nazari, Katrin Seeher, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to examine the validity, reliability, and practicality of the Persian version of the General Practitioner Assessment of Cognition (P-GPCOG) as a brief, efficient cognitive assessment instrument in Iranian older adults. METHOD: The sample comprised 151 community-dwelling older adults and 79 nursing home residents (aged ≥60 years). The English GPCOG was translated, back-translated, and revised to prepare the final P-GPCOG. The Abbreviated Mental Test score (AMTs) and the Depression in Old Age Scale (DIA-S) were administered to the two different samples to establish the convergent and discriminant validity of the P-GPCOG...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781708/risk-and-protective-factors-for-wellbeing-in-older-veterans-in-new-zealand
#17
Polly Yeung, Joanne Allen, Hazel K Godfrey, Fiona Alpass, Christine Stephens
OBJECTIVES: To compare indicators relating to aging and health among veterans and non-veterans, and identify factors associated with subjective wellbeing (SWB) of older New Zealand veterans. METHODS: Self-reported data were obtained from participants in a longitudinal cohort study of New Zealand older adults. Responses from 352 veterans and 1500 non-veterans (age range of 55-86 and gender matched) were selected as a comparison group on indicators related to health and aging...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781642/effects-of-aging-and-text-stimulus-quality-on-the-word-frequency-effect-during-chinese-reading
#18
Jingxin Wang, Lin Li, Sha Li, Fang Xie, Simon P Liversedge, Kevin B Paterson
Age-related reading difficulty is well established for alphabetic languages. Compared to young adults (18-30 years), older adults (65+ years) read more slowly, make more and longer fixations, make more regressions, and produce larger word-frequency effects. However, whether similar effects are observed for nonalphabetic languages like Chinese remains to be determined. In particular, recent research has suggested Chinese readers experience age-related reading difficulty but do not produce age differences in the word-frequency effect...
May 21, 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781467/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-interprofessional-team-recommendations-for-older-adult-women-with-breast-cancer
#19
Janine Overcash
BACKGROUND: Geriatric oncology incorporates comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and traditional oncology care. OBJECTIVES: The aims are to identify limitations reflected by mean scores on the CGA instruments and describe the CGA recommendations documented in the medical record. METHODS: CGA was administered and consisted of the Timed Up and Go Test, the Activities of Daily Living Scale, the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale, grip strength, falls, pain, the Brief Fatigue Inventory, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Geriatric Depression Scale, the Mini-Cog, and the Mini Nutritional Assessment...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781396/age-related-differences-in-idea-generation-and-selection-for-propositional-language
#20
Daniel L Madden, Martin V Sale, Gail A Robinson
Conceptual preparation mechanisms such as novel idea generation and selection from amongst competing alternatives are critical for language production and may contribute to age-related language deficits. This study investigated whether older adults show diminished idea generation and selection abilities, compared to younger adults. Twenty younger (18-35 years) and 20 older (60-80 years) adults completed two novel experimental tasks, an idea generation task and a selection task. Older participants were slower than younger participants overall on both tasks...
May 21, 2018: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
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