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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151199/loneliness-in-older-adults-living-with-hiv
#1
Meredith Greene, Nancy A Hessol, Carla Perissinotto, Roland Zepf, Amanda Hutton Parrott, Cameron Foreman, Robert Whirry, Monica Gandhi, Malcolm John
We conducted a cross-sectional study among HIV-positive adults age ≥ 50 in San Francisco to evaluate the frequency of loneliness, characteristics of those who reported loneliness, and the association of loneliness with functional impairment and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Participants (N = 356) were predominately male (85%); 57% were white; median age was 56. 58% reported any loneliness symptoms with 24% reporting mild, 22% moderate and 12% severe loneliness. Lonely participants were more likely to report depression, alcohol and tobacco use, and have fewer relationships...
November 18, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151147/the-relationship-of-five-boarding-school-experiences-and-physical-health-status-among-northern-plains-tribes
#2
Ursula Running Bear, Calvin D Croy, Carol E Kaufman, Zaneta M Thayer, Spero M Manson
PURPOSE: American Indian (AI) boarding school attendance is related to poor physical health status; however, little is known about how specific aspects of this experience contribute to poor health. Five experiences (age of first attendance, limited family visits, forced church attendance, prohibition on practicing AI culture and traditions, and punishment for use of AI language) may be independently associated with physical health status in adulthood. We expected the effect to be greater for those who began boarding school at older ages...
November 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151052/prevalence-of-health-services-usage-and-associated-factors-in-the-amazon-region-of-brazil-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Maria Elizete A Araujo, Marcus T Silva, Tais F Galvao, Mauricio G Pereira
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of healthcare use and associated factors in the Manaus metropolitan region and to describe the reasons for lack of access. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: A survey conducted between May and August of 2015 in eight cities from Manaus metropolitan region, Amazonas, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 4001 adults ≥18 years of age. PRIMARY OUTCOMES MEASURES: Physician visits, dentist visits and hospitalisations in the last 12 months were the primary outcomes...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151044/mortality-among-referrals-to-a-community-based-intermediate-care-team
#4
Bharath Lakkappa, Sanjay Shah, Stephen Rogers, Leanne Helen Holman
OBJECTIVES: Intermediate care services have been introduced to help mitigate unnecessary hospital demand and premature placement in long-term residential care. Many patients are elderly and/or with complex comorbidities, but little consideration has been given to the palliative care needs of patients referred to intermediate care services. The objective of this study is to determine the proportion of patients referred to a community-based intermediate care team who died during care and up to 24 months after discharge and so to help inform the development of supportive and palliative care in this setting...
November 18, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150988/patterns-and-correlates-of-grip-strength-in-older-americans
#5
Kimberly Forrest, Adelle Williams, Marcy Leeds, Joseph Robare, Thomas Bechard
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength is a sensitive indicator of morbidity and mortality in older adults. Loss of muscle strength contributes to a decline in physical functioning. Hand grip strength is a simple measurement but correlated with total body muscle strength. This study evaluated the patterns and correlates of grip strength among older adults in the United States. METHODS: The grip strength data were analyzed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 16, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150540/increased-florbetapir-binding-in-the-temporal-neocortex-from-age-20-to-60-years
#6
Julie Gonneaud, Eider M Arenaza-Urquijo, Florence Mézenge, Brigitte Landeau, Malo Gaubert, Alexandre Bejanin, Robin de Flores, Miranka Wirth, Clémence Tomadesso, Géraldine Poisnel, Ahmed Abbas, Béatrice Desgranges, Gaël Chételat
OBJECTIVE: To improve our understanding of early β-amyloid (Aβ) accumulation processes using florbetapir-PET scan in 20- to 60-year-old individuals. METHODS: Seventy-six cognitively normal individuals aged 20 to 60 years, 57 cognitively normal older individuals (61-84 years old), and 70 patients with mild cognitive impairment or probable Alzheimer disease (AD) underwent a florbetapir-PET scan. Images were spatially normalized and scaled using the whole cerebellum...
November 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150172/handgrip-strength-and-its-association-with-functional-independence-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#7
Bamini Gopinath, Annette Kifley, Gerald Liew, Paul Mitchell
We assessed the associations between handgrip strength and functional independence, quality of life and depressive symptoms in 947 participants aged 65 years or over. Handgrip strength was measured with a dynamometer. Use of formal support and family/friend support was self-reported. Activities of daily living (ADL), quality of life and depressive symptoms were assessed using validated scales. Mean handgrip strength was 27.1kg (±10.3). Each 10kg increase in handgrip strength was associated with 39% reduced odds of impaired instrumental ADL...
December 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150169/vitamin-d-and-walking-speed-in-older-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Cedric Annweiler, Samir Henni, Stéphane Walrand, Manuel Montero-Odasso, Gustavo Duque, Guillaume T Duval
Vitamin D is involved in musculoskeletal health. There is no consensus on a possible association between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations and walking speed, a 'vital sign' in older adults. Our objective was to systematically review and quantitatively assess the association of 25OHD concentration with walking speed. A Medline search was conducted on June 2017, with no limit of date, using the MeSH terms "Vitamin D" OR "Vitamin D Deficiency" combined with "Gait" OR "Gait disorders, Neurologic" OR "Walking speed" OR "Gait velocity"...
December 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149973/hepatitis-c-virus-recurrence-occurs-earlier-in-patients-receiving-donation-after-circulatory-death-liver-transplant-grafts-compared-with-those-receiving-donation-after-brainstem-death-grafts
#9
S A Townsend, M A Monga, P Nightingale, D Mutimer, A M Elsharkawy, A Holt
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis remains the commonest indication for liver transplantation worldwide, yet few studies have investigated the impact of donation after circulatory death (DCD) graft use on HCV recurrence and patient outcomes. DCD grafts have augmented the limited donor organ pool and reduced wait-list mortality, although concerns regarding graft longevity and patient outcome persist. METHODS: This was a single-center study of all HCV + adults who underwent DCD liver transplantation between 2004 and 2014...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149955/hemodialysis-patients-willingness-to-undergo-kidney-transplantation-an-observational-study
#10
H Alansari, A Almalki, L Sadagah, M Alharthi
BACKGROUND: The number of dialysis patients is increasing, with only 20% undergoing kidney transplantation. In Saudi Arabia, no studies had examined transplantation barriers from the patients' perspectives. We aimed in this study to estimate hemodialysis (HD) patients' willingness to undergo kidney transplantation and to explore its underlying determinants. METHODS: In an observational cross-sectional study involving adult HD patients from King Abdulaziz Medical City and King Abdullah Dialysis Center-Jeddah, patients were interviewed through a pre-tested questionnaire...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149503/sexual-functioning-among-young-adult-cancer-patients-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#11
Chiara Acquati, Brad J Zebrack, Anna C Faul, Leanne Embry, Christine Aguilar, Rebecca Block, Brandon Hayes-Lattin, David R Freyer, Steve Cole
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related sexual dysfunction has been reported among adolescents and young adults (AYAs); however, its prevalence over time has not been examined. This longitudinal study investigated sexual dysfunction in AYAs over the course of 2 years after the initial diagnosis. METHODS: Young adult patients (18-39 years old) completed the Medical Outcomes Study Sexual Functioning Scale within the first 4 months of their diagnosis (n = 123) and again 6 (n = 107) and 24 months later (n = 95)...
November 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149452/contextual-and-individual-determinants-of-periodontal-disease-multilevel-analysis-based-on-andersen-s-model
#12
Maria I B Valente, Mario V Vettore
AIM: To investigate the relationship of contextual and individual factors with periodontal disease in dentate adults and older people using the Andersen's behavioural model. METHODS: Secondary individual data from 6011 adults and 2369 older people from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (2010) were combined with contextual data for 27 cities. Attachment loss (AL) categories for each sextant were coded and summed to obtain the periodontal disease measure. The association of predisposing, enabling and need characteristics at city and individual level with periodontal disease was assessed using an adapted version of the Andersen's behavioural model...
November 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149309/a-comparable-yardstick-adjusting-for-education-bias-in-south-african-health-system-responsiveness-ratings
#13
Laura Rossouw, Anja Smith
Health-system responsiveness (HSR) measures the experience of health-system users in terms of the non-clinical aspects of the health system. This has been operationalized as a measurable construct in multiple surveys and studies. According to the literature, reporting behaviour may vary systematically across socio-demographic characteristics. In this study we explore the association between education levels and reporting behaviour in terms of HSR in South Africa using data from the World Health Organization Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health for South Africa (WHO SAGE) conducted in 2007 and 2008...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149251/parental-age-and-risk-of-lymphoid-neoplasms
#14
Gunnar Larfors, Ingrid Glimelius, Sandra Eloranta, Karin E Smedby
High parental age at childbirth has repeatedly been linked to childhood malignancies, while few studies have focused on the offspring's risk of adult cancer. In this population-based case-control study, we identified 32,000 patients with lymphoid neoplasms, diagnosed at ages 0-79 years during the period 1987-2011, and 160,000 matched controls in Sweden. Using prospectively registered data on their first-degree relatives, we evaluated the impact of parental age on the risk of lymphoid neoplasms by subtype. Overall, each 5-year increment in maternal age was associated with a 3% increase in incidence of offspring lymphoid neoplasms (hazard ratio = 1...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149097/acute-coronary-disease-prognosis-and-prevalence-of-risk-factors-in-young-adults
#15
REVIEW
Alvaro Gudiño Gomezjurado, Bianca Pujol Freitas, Flavia Contreira Longatto, Juliana Negrisoli, Gustavo Aguiar Sousa
Acute coronary disease is a rare entity in young people and is mostly related to atherosclerotic disease. However, other causes such as myocardial bridges, coronary artery dissection and antiphospholipid syndrome may be present. The prognosis of the disease in this group of patients is favorable; although women may have a higher morbidity because diagnosis and treatment can be delayed. The goal of this review is to update the knowledge about risk factors and prognosis of young patients with an acute coronary event compared to the older population...
November 9, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148906/research-and-policy-change-to-improve-healthcare-and-elder-services-for-lgbt-older-adults
#16
Sean R Cahill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148830/age-differences-in-the-use-of-emotion-regulation-strategies-derived-from-the-process-model-of-emotion-regulation-a-systematic-review
#17
V C Allen, T D Windsor
OBJECTIVES: This review examines differences in the use of emotion regulation (ER) strategies among younger and older adults. METHOD: A systematic review using search terms related to ageing and ER identified 23 relevant studies. Narrative synthesis was adopted to analyse the findings. RESULTS: Generally, greater use of situation selection and attentional deployment was identified among older adults, although these relationships were dependent on contextual/moderator variables...
November 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148828/increased-cellular-aging-by-3-years-of-age-in-latino-preschool-children-who-consume-more-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-pilot-study
#18
Janet M Wojcicki, Rosalinda Medrano, Jue Lin, Elissa Epel
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in adults and older children find that sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases risk for obesity and cellular aging, as measured by leukocyte telomere length (LTL). METHODS: In a previously described, San Francisco-based Latino birth cohort, where telomere length was measured at birth, we evaluate the relationship between beverage consumption (including SSB and 100% fruit juice), obesity, and LTL at 2-3 years old, as well as change in LTL from birth...
November 17, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148343/lessons-learned-from-the-affordable-care-act-the-premium-subsidy-design-may-promote-adverse-selection
#19
Ilana Graetz, Caitlin N McKillop, Cameron M Kaplan, Teresa M Waters
Since 2014, average premiums for health plans available in the Affordable Care Act marketplaces have increased. We examine how premium price changes affected the amount consumers pay after subsidies for the lowest-cost bronze and silver plans available by age in the federally facilitated exchanges. Between 2015 and 2016, benchmark plan premiums increased in 83.3% of counties. Overall, rising benchmark premiums were associated with lower average after-subsidy premiums for the lowest-cost bronze and silver plans for older subsidy-eligible adults, but with higher after-subsidy premiums for younger adults purchasing the same plans, regardless of income...
May 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148342/undiagnosed-and-uncontrolled-chronic-conditions-in-china-could-social-health-insurance-consolidation-make-a-change
#20
Xing Lin Feng
Policy makers in China are considering consolidating the country's fragmented health insurance programs. This system consists of three components. The Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance (UEBMI) covers formal employees, the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) covers rural residents, and the Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance (URBMI) covers urban residents. Consolidation could, in theory, create a more efficient health system that is better able to address noncommunicable diseases. Using national survey data during 2011 to 2013, I found that 44% to 76% cases of hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia went undiagnosed among Chinese adults aged 45 and older...
February 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
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