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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738668/study-of-effects-of-multimodal-exercise-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-health-perception-in-community-living-hungarian-older-adults
#1
Anikó Virág, Izabella Harkányi, Csilla K Karóczi, Zsolt Vass, Éva Kovács
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects on fitness indicators and subjective health-perception of a multimodal exercise programme provided by a district in Budapest among community-living seniors. METHODS: Sixty community-living older adults aged over 60 years formed beginner group (who were at the beginning of the exercise programme), advanced group (who had been in the programme for 3-6 months), active group (who had been participating in the exercise programme for at least 6 months, in addition to Nordic Walking programme) and a physically inactive control group...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738460/-association-between-sleep-and-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#2
H F Liu, F Li, Y H Wang, J H Chen, D X Peng, J Chen, L H Tan, X Mi, B H Zhao
Objective: To understand the association between peripheral leukocytes telomere length (TL) and sleep in middle-aged and old adults. Methods: A total of 176 middle-aged and old adults were investigated by using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and questionnaire. TL was measured by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The correlation and regression analysis between sleep and telomere length was performed. Results: TL had a mean T/S ratio of 0.995±0.23. There was a negative correlation between TL and age (r=-0.241, P=0...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738421/cardiovascular-disease-among-transgender-adults-receiving-hormone-therapy-a-narrative-review
#3
Carl G Streed, Omar Harfouch, Francoise Marvel, Roger S Blumenthal, Seth S Martin, Monica Mukherjee
Recent reports estimate that 0.6% of adults in the United States, or approximately 1.4 million persons, identify as transgender. Despite gains in rights and media attention, the reality is that transgender persons experience health disparities, and a dearth of research and evidence-based guidelines remains regarding their specific health needs. The lack of research to characterize cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk factors in transgender populations receiving cross-sex hormone therapy (CSHT) limits appropriate primary and specialty care...
July 25, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738314/factors-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-in-a-cohort-of-older-homeless-adults-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#4
Emily Hurstak, Julene K Johnson, Lina Tieu, David Guzman, Claudia Ponath, Christopher T Lee, Christina Weyer Jamora, Margot Kushel
BACKGROUND: We evaluated cognitive function and factors associated with cognitive impairment in a cohort of older homeless adults. We hypothesized that substance use and a history of traumatic brain injury would be associated with cognitive impairment. METHODS: We recruited 350 homeless individuals aged ≥50 years using population-based sampling and conducted structured interviews and neuropsychological testing. We evaluated alcohol use with the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, defining high-severity alcohol use as a total score ≥16 or ≥4 on the alcohol dependency sub-scale...
July 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738243/both-facilitatory-and-inhibitory-impairments-underlie-age-related-differences-of-proactive-cognitive-control-across-the-adult-lifespan
#5
Pascal W M Van Gerven, Petra P M Hurks, Jos J Adam
We investigated two components of proactive cognitive control, response facilitation and response inhibition, in an adult lifespan sample (N=544, age range=18-91years) by administering two response-preparation tasks: a procue task, primarily involving facilitation, and an anticue task, involving both facilitation and inhibition. Cues in both tasks corresponded with the index and middle fingers of either the left or right hand. After a random preparation interval (PI) of 100-850ms following the onset of the cue signal, a single-target stimulus indicated the required response...
July 21, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738068/age-dependent-relationships-between-body-mass-index-and-mortality-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#6
Tze Pin Ng, Aizhen Jin, Khuan Yew Chow, Liang Feng, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Keng Bee Yap
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between body mass index (BMI) with mortality risk, in particular the BMI category associated with the lowest all-cause and CVD-and-stroke mortality and the BMI threshold for defining overweight or obesity in older persons is controversial. This study investigated the age-dependent associations of BMI categories with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke mortality. METHOD: Prospective cohort study (Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Studies) of older adults aged 55 and above, followed up from 2003 to 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738042/cognitive-screening-using-the-clock-drawing-test-to-assess-for-preexisting-deficits-in-older-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer%C3%A2
#7
Janine Overcash, Maddy Perry
BACKGROUND: Older women diagnosed with breast cancer may also have preexisting cognitive deficits.
. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to describe errors on the clock-drawing test (CDT), which is used to screen for preexisting cognitive deficits in older women diagnosed with breast cancer.
. METHODS: This descriptive study included a convenience sample of women aged 69 years or older with a diagnosis of breast cancer. The CDT was used to screen for cognitive deficits, such as size of the clock, graphic difficulties, stimulus-bound response, conceptual deficit, spatial and/or planning deficit, and perseveration...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737606/visual-acuity-and-contrast-sensitivity-development-in-children-sweep-visually-evoked-potential-and-psychophysics
#8
Fahad M Almoqbel, Elizabeth L Irving, Susan J Leat
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the development of visual acuity (VA) and contrast sensitivity in children as measured with objective (sweep visually evoked potential) and subjective, psychophysical techniques, including signal detection theory (SDT), which attempts to control for differences in criterion or behavior between adults and children. Furthermore, this study examines the possibility of applying SDT methods with children. METHODS: Visual acuity and contrast thresholds were measured in 12 children 6 to 7 years old, 10 children 8 to 9 years old, 10 children 10 to 12 years old, and 16 adults...
July 21, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737117/prevalence-and-correlates-of-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-in-older-adults-results-from-the-well-being-of-the-singapore-elderly-wise-study
#9
Laxman Cetty, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Boon Yiang Chua, Louisa Picco, Martin Prince, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Older adults are among the most susceptible to sustain traumatic brain injury (TBI). The study aimed to determine the (1) prevalence of TBI among older adults in Singapore, and (2) socio-demographic, lifestyle, and clinical correlates of TBI. METHODS: Data were extracted from the cross-sectional, Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study. The study included 2,565 participants aged 60 years and above (Mean = 72.75, SD = 9.54). Information on TBI, socio-demographic, and lifestyle factors were collected using participant self-report and verified with the informant report where necessary...
July 24, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737106/disparities-in-the-prevalence-of-unmet-needs-and-their-consequences-among-black-and-white-older-adults
#10
Clara Berridge, Vincent Mor
OBJECTIVE: We document differential prevalence of need for assistance with personal, instrumental, and mobility tasks and adverse consequences of unmet needs, nursing home relocation, and mortality among Black and White older adults. METHOD: Data are from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Using logistic and multinomial logistic regression, we determine whether race is predictive of reporting need or adverse consequence and test the role of race as a moderator of the relationship between baseline need and three 1-year outcomes...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737101/intervention-to-prevent-falls-community-based-clinics
#11
Dorothy I Baker, Linda Leo-Summers, Terrence E Murphy, Barbara Katz, Beth A Capobianco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to document results of State funded fall prevention clinics on rates of self-reported falls and fall-related use of health services. METHODS: Older adults participated in community-based fall prevention clinics providing individual assessments, interventions, and referrals to collaborating community providers. A pre-post design compares self-reported 6-month fall history and fall-related use of health care before and after clinic attendance...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737062/community-level-electronic-prescribing-and-adverse-drug-event-hospitalizations-among-older-adults
#12
Grishma P Bhavsar, Janice C Probst, Kevin J Bennett, James W Hardin, Zaina Qureshi
This study sought to determine how the proportion of physicians using electronic prescribing in nine US states was associated with the hospitalization rate for adverse drug events among older adult patients. A discharge-level analysis of the relationship between county electronic prescribing and adverse drug event hospitalization rates was conducted. Data from the 2011 State Inpatient Databases, the Office of the National Coordinator Health IT Dashboard, and the Area Health Resource File were obtained for nine US states...
July 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737054/age-trajectories-of-physical-health-among-older-adults-of-mexican-descent-implications-of-immigrant-status-age-at-immigration-and-gender
#13
Maria A Monserud
OBJECTIVE: This study examines consequences of immigrant status, age at immigration, and gender on age trajectories of activities of daily living (ADL) limitations and chronic conditions among older adults of Mexican descent. METHOD: This research draws on 7 waves of the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly and employs growth curve models. RESULTS: All men had similar age trajectories of ADL limitations, regardless of immigrant status and age at immigration...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737046/instrumented-assessment-of-physical-activity-is-associated-with-muscle-function-but-not-with-muscle-mass-in-a-general-population
#14
Anna G M Rojer, Esmee M Reijnierse, Marijke C Trappenburg, Rob C van Lummel, Martijn Niessen, Kim S van Schooten, Mirjam Pijnappels, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
OBJECTIVES: Self-reported physical activity has shown to affect muscle-related parameters. As self-report is likely biased, this study aimed to assess the association between instrumented assessment of physical activity (I-PA) and muscle-related parameters in a general population. METHOD: Included were 156 young-to-middle-aged and 80 older community-dwelling adults. Seven days of trunk accelerometry (DynaPort MoveMonitor, McRoberts B.V.) quantified daily physical activity (i...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736934/using-social-media-to-engage-nurses-in-health-policy-development
#15
Siobhan O'Connor
AIMS: To explore nurses' views on future priorities for the profession and to examine social media as an engagement tool to aid policy discussion and development. BACKGROUND: Nurses are often not directly involved in policy creation and some feel it is a process they cannot easily influence. METHODS: A descriptive mixed methods study of a Twitter chat hosted by the Chief Nursing Officer for Scotland was undertaken. Data were gathered using an analytics platform and NCapture software...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736899/trajectories-of-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-older-adults-a-6-year-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Sophie E Holmes, Irina Esterlis, Carolyn M Mazure, Yen Ying Lim, David Ames, Stephanie Rainey-Smith, Chris Fowler, Kathryn Ellis, Ralph N Martins, Olivier Salvado, Vincent Doré, Victor L Villemagne, Christopher C Rowe, Simon M Laws, Colin L Masters, Robert H Pietrzak, Paul Maruff
OBJECTIVE: Depressive and anxiety symptoms are common in older adults, significantly affect quality of life, and are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease. We sought to identify the determinants of predominant trajectories of depressive and anxiety symptoms in cognitively normal older adults. METHOD: Four hundred twenty-three older adults recruited from the general community underwent Aβ positron emission tomography imaging, apolipoprotein and brain-derived neurotrophic factor genotyping, and cognitive testing at baseline and had follow-up assessments...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736876/geriatric-cooperatives-in-southwestern-ontario-a-novel-way-of-increasing-inter-sectoral-partnerships-in-the-care-of-older-adults-with-responsive-behaviours
#17
Iris Gutmanis, Loretta M Hillier
Established in 2010, Geriatric Cooperatives support the evolving Behavioural Supports Ontario (BSO) programme in the South West Local Health Integration Network. Geriatric Cooperatives bring together members representing relevant cross-sectoral services and are tasked with identifying system gaps associated with the BSO target population as well as developing work plans specific to their local area, leveraging local capacity, and co-ordinating and improving linkages between sectors and services. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the partnerships formed over time within these Cooperatives in order to inform their ongoing development and sustainability...
July 24, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736853/tai-chi-for-risk-of-falls-a-meta-analysis
#18
Rafael Lomas-Vega, Esteban Obrero-Gaitán, Francisco J Molina-Ortega, Rafael Del-Pino-Casado
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effectiveness of tai chi for falls prevention. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Pubmed, Scopus, CINHAL, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) were searched to May 26, 2016. PARTICIPANTS: Older adult population and at-risk adults. INTERVENTION: Randomized controlled trials analyzing the effect of tai chi versus other treatments on risk of falls...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736796/longitudinal-research-on-aging-drivers-longroad-study-design-and-methods
#19
Guohua Li, David W Eby, Robert Santos, Thelma J Mielenz, Lisa J Molnar, David Strogatz, Marian E Betz, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Lindsay H Ryan, Vanya Jones, Samantha I Pitts, Linda L Hill, Charles J DiMaggio, David LeBlanc, Howard F Andrews
BACKGROUND: As an important indicator of mobility, driving confers a host of social and health benefits to older adults. Despite the importance of safe mobility as the population ages, longitudinal data are lacking about the natural history and determinants of driving safety in older adults. METHODS: The Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD) project is a multisite prospective cohort study designed to generate empirical data for understanding the role of medical, behavioral, environmental and technological factors in driving safety during the process of aging...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736795/identifying-characteristics-and-outcomes-that-are-associated-with-fall-related-fatalities-multi-year-retrospective-summary-of-fall-deaths-in-older-adults-from-2005-2012
#20
Sara M Deprey, Lynda Biedrzycki, Kristine Klenz
BACKGROUND: Fall-related deaths continue to be the leading cause of accidental deaths in the older adult (65+ year) population. However, many fall-related fatalities are unspecified and little is known about the fall characteristics and personal demographics at the time of the fall. Therefore, this report describes the characteristics, circumstances and injuries of falls that resulted in older adult deaths in one U.S. County and explores the variables associated with fatal injuries from falls...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
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