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E Calleja Aguayo, A E Hernández Calvarro, C Marhuenda Irastorza
OBJECTIVES: Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) is a chronic inflamatory disease, a genital form of Lichen Sclerosus in males. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective and descriptive analysis was carried out by rewiew of the medical records of boys who underwent circumcision from April 2013 to April 2014. The study group consisted of boys that were circumcised due it persistant phimosis at 4 years of age, urinary symptoms or painful erection. The histopathological examination was performed only in patients with clinical suspicion of BXO...
April 20, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Alessandro de Troia, Francesca Mottini, Lukla Biasi, Matteo Azzarone, Tiziano Tecchio, PierFranco Salcuni
Infectious aneurysms of the superior mesenteric artery are a rare but life-threatening condition due to the risk of visceral ischemia, sepsis, or hemorrhage. In this study, we report the case of a superior mesenteric artery aneurysm (SMAA) secondary to a bioprosthetic valve endocarditis, successfully managed with aneurysm resection and saphenous vein interposition graft. We performed an extensive PubMed-based rewiew of the literature of the last 10 years on SMAA, which include the detection of 38 articles quoting 41 SMAAs...
February 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
V N Shimanskiy, V V Karnaukhov, L V Shishkina, E V Vinogradov
INTRODUCTION: Lhermitte--Duclos disease is a rare autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by the loss of the normal cerebellar cortex architecture and hamartoma formation in the cerebellar hemispheres. Most commonly, this disease manifests in the third and fourth decades of life. Approximately 220 cases of Lhermitte--Duclos disease have been reported in medical literature to date. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors describe successful two-stage surgical treatment of a young female patient with Lhermitte--Ducos disease...
2015: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Luka Dudaric, Dragica Bobinac
Zdenko KriŽan (1915 - 2005), physician, anatomist and teacher, is an important academic figure of the 20th century, especially in the South Slavic area. He participated in the founding of three anatomical institutes and directed their work. During the years of his career he was teaching and he did scientific research. Prof. KriŽan is author of three compendia of anatomy for Medicine and Dentistry students. The results of his anatomical research, mainly in the area of the head skeleton and blood vessels, were published in national and international scientific journals...
2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
R A Yameogo, D G Mandi, N V Yameogo, G R C Millogo, K J Kologo, B J Y Toguyeni, A K Samadoulougou, P Zabsonre
Super hypertension is defined as systolic BP ≥ 250mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 150mmHg in presence or not of complications. The aim of our study was to describe the epidemiological and evolutive patterns of super hypertension in the cardiology department of the Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital. It was an observation cohort over a period of 26 months (July 2011 to August 2013). We recruited 34 patients, corresponding to a prevalence of 12.9% of all hypertensive patients. The median time of follow-up was 7...
June 2014: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Ibrahim Bülent Buttanri, Didem Serin, Müslime Akbaba, Safak Karslioğlu
PURPOSE: To report our results of canaliculitis treatment with our incision-sparing technique which includes dilation of the punctum and compression of the canaliculus to express the sulphur granules, curettage and irrigation of the canaliculus with antibiotic solutions, and topical antibiotic use. METHODS: The medical records of all patients treated for canaliculitis between October 2009 and March 2013 were rewiewed. The punctum of affected canaliculus was dilated under local anesthesia...
October 2014: Orbit
E Urbán
In spite of the developments in microbiological methods, blood cultures remain the cornerstone for the diagnosis of bacteraemia. Classically, minimum of two bottles are collected on a routine basis: an aerobic bottle, allowing preferential growth of aerobic and facultative anaerobic microorganisms, and an anaerobic bottle, providing suitable environment for strict anaerobic bacteria. Recent reports have documented a decrease in anaerobic bacteraemias and have questioned the need for routine anaerobic blood cultures...
June 2012: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
Csaba András Dézsi
In the past two decades the number of diabetic patients has increased dramatically. According to the data of the International Diabetes Federation published in 2012, more than 371 million people suffer from diabetes mellitus, which is responsible for the death of 4.8 million people yearly. Diabetic nephropathy is the most frequent cause of terminal renal failure. The first stage of its development is microalbuminuria. Without an efficient treatment 20-40% of the patients with microalbuminuria suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus develop chronic renal failure, but only 20% of them become uremic because most of them die beforehand mainly due to cardiovascular disease...
February 16, 2014: Orvosi Hetilap
M Ciocîrlan, A Lupu, C Ciora, Dana Fanică, Maria Ispas, Carmen Preda, M Mănuc, M Diculescu
Neoplastic lesions of the gastrointestinal tract have a large prevalence worldwide and in Romania. Their therapy is tailored to their TNM stage, which can be estimated using non invasive or minimally invasive imaging studies. Precursor lesions and superficial carcinomas are amenable to endoscopic therapy, providing that their endoscopic and/or endoscopic ultrasound aspect suggest a maximal extension to the submucosal layer. Polypectomy, endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) are ablative techniques used for their curative intent treatment...
October 2013: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Giovanni Merolla, Simone Cerciello, Paolo Paladini, Giuseppe Porcellini
The snapping scapula, also called "washboard syndrome" is a controversial condition attributed to bony and soft tissue abnormalities. The syndrome was understimated for long time and often associated only with specific osseous abnormalities. The nodal point in the overview of the syndrome is that crepitus associated with symptomatic bursitis may be physiologic and is not uncommon a clinical presentation without any form of crepitus or craquement. In the current rewiew we analyzed the current concepts in the conservative and surgical management of snapping scapula syndrome, preceded by a description of scapular anatomy, pathophysiology of scapulothoracic articulation and clinical features of snapping scapula...
April 2013: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Marc Danguy des Déserts, Etienne Montelescaut, Laurence Di Costanzo, Diane Commandeur, Ba Vinh Nguyen, Mehdi Ould-Ahmed, Nicolas Taudon, Isabelle Drouillard
Falciparum malaria is a potentially deadly infectious disease, imposing a sure and fast biologic diagnosis, an early and efficient treatment. We report a case of severe imported Falciparium malaria who received artesunate, and we rewiew the different diagnostic methods of malaria as well as the clinico-biological characteristics of severe malaria. Recent data concerning malaria treatment are presented, as a pharmacokinetic study leaded during this case.
November 2012: Annales de Biologie Clinique
T J Knapp
The extensive attention devoted to Noam Chomsky's review of Verbal Behavior by B.F. Skinner has resulted in a neglect of more than a dozen other rewiews of the work. These are surveyed and found to be positive and congenial in tone, with many of the reviewers advancing his/her own analysis of speech and language. The dominant criticism of the book was its disregard of central or implicit processes and its lack of experimental data. An examination of the receptive history of Verbal Behavior offers a more balanced historical account than those which rely excessively on Chomsky's commentary...
1992: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Pan Li, Feng-Yan Sun
Epigenetics refers to changes in gene expression that do not entail a change in DNA sequence, namely phenotype changed, other than the genotype. These changes may remain through cell division for the remainder of the cell's life and may also last for multiple generations. It contains DNA methylation, histone modification, chromatin remodeling, gene imprinting and so on. Methylation is one of the chief epigenetic modify patterns in genomic DNA. DNA methylation via the interaction of methylation-CpG-binding proteins will affect the gene expression...
October 2010: Sheng Li Ke Xue Jin Zhan [Progress in Physiology]
Giuseppe Albino, Rosanna Nenna, Cosimo Damiano Inchingolo, Ettore Cirillo Marucco
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocele is a fluid collection between tunica vaginalis and testis. Approximately 10% of testicular cancers occurs with a reactive hydrocele. CASE REPORT: A 64 year old male presented with a 30 year history of left hydrocele, progressively increasing. Physical examination demonstrated a left large hydrocele, transilluminable, not under pressure. Ultrasonography showed a "corpusculated hydrocele with vaginal hypertrophy jutting out near the head of the epididymis, perhaps caused by an inflammatory reaction [...
December 2010: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
M Mazzoletti, M Broggini
Phisiological activation of PI3K pathway is necessary for cells to regulate many different physiological processes such as transcription, protein synthesis, metabolic responses and membrane trafficking. Abnormal activation of the PI3K pathway leads to an increased activity resulting in tumor onset, maintenance, progression and invasion. Both genetic and epigenetic alterations could affect the normal pathway's activation. Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynaecological malignancies in the western world...
2010: Current Medicinal Chemistry
V De Groot
Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is characterized by recurrent episodes of apnea during sleep. Mechanical upper airway obstruction is by far the most frequent form of SAS, and is named obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Besides giving rise to a reduced quality of life, OSA is associated with important cardiovascular morbidity and mortality if left untreated. OSA has also been associated with several ophthalmic manifestations. The purpose of this paper is to review the most important features of OSA, and to highlight the ophthalmic abnormalities recognized in these patients...
2009: Bulletin de la Société Belge D'ophtalmologie
Magdalena Cwiklińska, Walentyna Balwierz
Based on the rewiew of the literature and own clinical observations, we presented examples of the most common pediatric onco-hematologic malignancies, that are manifested early by osteoarticular complaints. When these complaints predominate in the clinical presentation, they lead the diagnosis towards nonmalignant conditions, that are most common cause of such symptoms in children, like injuries, nonspecific reactive arthritis or inflammatory connective tissue diseases. However, in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, the most prevalent childhood malignancy, bone and joint pains are present early in 40-60% of cases and they frequently anticipate any abnormalities in complete blood counts...
2009: Przegla̧d Lekarski
José Antonio Sacre Hazouri
Leukotrienes comprise a family of products of the 5-lipoxigenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism. The cysteinil leukotrienes C4, D4 and E4 account for the biologic activity that was previously termed "slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis". The proinflammatory effects of cysteinil leukotrienes (cys LTs) have been well described in asthma and rhinitis. The cys LTs induce broncospasm (1,000 times more potent than histamine), edema, mucus, hypersecretion, attract inflammatory cells like eosinophils, increase airway hyperreactivity, vascular leakage, and stimulate takikinins...
July 2008: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
S Colić, M Jurisić, V Jurisić
The radicular cysts are result of inflammatory process in the periapical tissues associated with necrotic and infected pulps. Humoral and cellular immune responses play a central role in the pathogenesis of these lesions. The most important role in the growth of these lesion have proinflammatore cytokine TNF-alpha, IL-1 and IL-6. Cytokine can be secreted by macrophages, monocytes and other cells of the immune system and can participate in skeletal homeostasis including osteoclastic formation, and bone resorption in maxillofacial region...
2008: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
M Cuxart, M Matas, M Picazo, R Sans, J Juvanet, T Osuna
We report the case of a regular hemodialysis patient that presented with bilateral visual lost without other concomitant symptoms, that was consquence of an acute ischemic optic neuropathy. We describe the characteristics of this uncommon pathology and rewiew the relation to optic neuropathy and chronic renal failure.
2005: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
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