Read by QxMD icon Read

peritoneal dialysate

Klaus Kratochwill, Michael Boehm, Rebecca Herzog, Katharina Gruber, Anton Michael Lichtenauer, Lilian Kuster, Dagmar Csaicsich, Andreas Gleiss, Seth L Alper, Christoph Aufricht, Andreas Vychytil
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis and ultrafiltration failure remain serious complications of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD). Dysfunctional cellular stress responses aggravate peritoneal injury associated with PD fluid exposure, potentially due to peritoneal glutamine depletion. In this randomized cross-over phase I/II trial we investigated cytoprotective effects of alanyl-glutamine (AlaGln) addition to glucose-based PDF. METHODS: In a prospective randomized cross-over design, 20 stable PD outpatients underwent paired peritoneal equilibration tests 4 weeks apart, using conventional acidic, single chamber 3...
2016: PloS One
Zebin Wang, Yueqiang Wen, Jianbo Liang, Xinling Liang, Wei Shi
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic function was found to be a significant predictor of cardiovascular events and general mortality in dialysis. Studies have indicated that dialysate calcium concentrations were significantly associated with cardiac function. However, the relationship between low calcium dialysate and LV diastolic function has not been clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of low calcium dialysate on cardiac function in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. A total of 60 PD patients were enrolled in this study, with a calcium content of the PD solution of 1...
October 19, 2016: Renal Failure
Sadudee Peerapornratana, Pajaree Chariyavilaskul, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch, Kearkiat Praditpornsilpa, Somchai Eiam-Ong, Pisut Katavetin
♦ Background: Current guidelines suggest that intraperitoneal (IP) antibiotics should be administered only in a long peritoneal dialysis (PD) dwell (≥ 6 hours). The long dwell might result in low ultrafiltration and volume overload. We aim to examine plasma and dialysate concentration of cefazolin and ceftazidime after IP administration in a short-dwell (≤ 2 hours) automated cyclingexchange. ♦ Methods: Stable PD patients without peritonitis were invited to participate in the present study. Patients underwent 5 2-liter exchanges of PD fluid over 10 hours by the PD cycling machine without last fill or additional dwell...
October 13, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Talerngsak Kanjanabuch, Nuttha Lumlertgul, Lachlan J Pearson, Tanittha Chatsuwan, Krit Pongpirul, Asada Leelahavanichkul, Nisa Thongbor, Gunticha Nuntawong, Laksamon Praderm, Pantiwa Wechagama, Surapong Narenpitak, Apinya Wechpradit, Worauma Punya, Guttiga Halue, Phetpailin Naka, Somboon Jeenapongsa, Somchai Eiam-Ong
♦ Background: Melioidosis, an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. Although a wide range of clinical manifestations from this organism are known, peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) has rarely been reported. ♦ Patients and Methods: Peritoneal dialysis patients from all regions in Thailand were eligible for the study if they had peritonitis and either peritoneal fluid or effluent culture positive for B.pseudomallei Patient data obtained included baseline characteristics, laboratory investigations, treatments, and clinical outcomes...
October 13, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Juergen Prattes, Daniel Schneditz, Florian Prueller, Eva Jaindl, Notburga Sauseng, Martin Hoenigl, Gernot Schilcher, Robert Krause
BACKGROUND: The aim of this combined in-vitro and in-vivo study was to investigate whether state of the art dialysis modalities produce false positive serum 1,3-ß-d-Glucan (BDG) levels. METHODS: Dialysis fluid for simulated dialysis treatments was spiked with BDG from different sources. Samples were taken from the dialysate and dialyzer blood compartments at various time points. In addition, serum samples were obtained in three groups of patients without invasive fungal disease: a...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection
Laure Peyro Saint Paul, Maxence Ficheux, Danièle Debruyne, Magalie Loilier, Nicolas Bouvier, Rémy Morello, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Renaud Verdon, François Fournel, Vincent Cattoir, Thierry Lobbedez
♦ Background: Antibiotics are preferentially delivered via the peritoneal route to treat peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis (PDRP) to ensure that maximal concentrations are delivered to the site of infection. Our study focused on the pharmacokinetics of daptomycin (DAP) administered via the intraperitoneal (IP) route in patients with PDRP. ♦ Methods: According to the DaptoDP protocol (Clinical Trial No. 2012-005699-33), IP DAP was administered daily, i.e., during the 6-h Nutrineal (Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Deerfield, IL, USA) dwell time period, for 14 days, in addition to administration of the antibiotics used for the usual care of patients with PDRP...
September 28, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Yoshitaka Mori, Takatoshi Kakuta, Takayo Miyakogawa, Susumu Takekoshi, Hiroko Yuzawa, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Atsushi Kawakami, Toshio Miyata, Masafumi Fukagawa
Pyridoxamine, a reactive carbonyl (RCO) scavenger, can ameliorate peritoneal deterioration in uremic peritoneal dialysis (PD) rats when given via dialysate. We examined the effects of scavenging circulating RCOs by oral pyridoxamine. Rats underwent nephrectomy and 3 weeks of twice daily PD either alone or with once daily oral pyridoxamine. PD solution was supplemented with methylglyoxal, a major glucose-derived RCO, to quench intraperitoneal pyridoxamine. Oral pyridoxamine achieved comparable blood and dialysate pyridoxamine concentrations, suppressed pentosidine accumulation in the blood but not in the mesenterium or dialysate, and reduced the increases in small solute transport and mesenteric vessel densities, with no effects on submesothelial matrix layer thickening or serum creatinine...
September 13, 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Andrzej Ratajczak, Małgorzata Lange-Ratajczak, Adam Bobkiewicz, Adam Studniarek
This report reviews the most common surgical interventions and complications of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Based on the current knowledge as well as our experience we detail the role of these surgical procedures. We supplement the reported knowledge in the field with our own experience in this area. The areas discussed include early complications such as surgical wound hemorrhage, bleeding from the catheter, intestinal perforation and urinary bladder perforation, dialysate leakage through the wound, as well as late complications including catheter kinking or occlusion, retention of fluid in the peritoneal recess, hernias and hydrothorax, and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis...
September 6, 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
Martin B Lee, Joanne M Bargman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To clarify misconceptions about the feasibility and risks of peritoneal dialysis that unnecessarily limit peritoneal dialysis uptake or continuation in patients for whom peritoneal dialysis is the preferred dialysis modality. The inappropriate choice of haemodialysis as a result of these misconceptions contributes to low peritoneal dialysis penetrance, increases transfer from peritoneal dialysis to haemodialysis, increases expenditure on haemodialysis and compromises quality of life for these patients...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Chih-Kun Huang, Hsi-Hao Wang, Zubaidah Nor Hanipah
Peritoneal dialysate leakage is a well-known complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). In late leakage, it is usually managed conservatively and subsequently converted to hemodialysis. We hereby report a case of peritoneal dialysate leakage secondary to necrotic peritoneum, which was managed by laparoscopic excision of the affected peritoneum. Regeneration of new peritoneum was documented and the patient could resume CAPD successfully.
August 25, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Masatsugu Nakao, Izumi Yamamoto, Yukio Maruyama, Masamitsu Morishita, Akio Nakashima, Nanae Matsuo, Yudo Tanno, Ichiro Ohkido, Masato Ikeda, Hiroyasu Yamamoto, Keitaro Yokoyama, Takashi Yokoo
AIM: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare but serious complication that occurs in peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy. The present study aimed to identify the risk factors, especially peritonitis and biocompatible PD fluid. METHODS: The study included 703 patients who received PD between January 1980 and March 2015 at two centers. The patients were divided into two groups: those who had developed EPS (EPS group: n = 44) and those who had no documentary evidence of EPS (non-EPS group: n = 659)...
August 24, 2016: Nephrology
Dirk G Struijk
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) for the treatment of end-stage renal failure was introduced in the 1960s. Nowadays it has evolved to an established therapy that is complementary to hemodialysis (HD), representing 11% of all patients treated worldwide with dialysis. Despite good clinical outcomes and similar results in patient survival between PD and HD, the penetration of PD is decreasing in the Western world. SUMMARY: First the major events in the history of the development of PD are described...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
Mayumi Idei, Yoko Tabe, Chieko Hamada, Kazunori Miyake, Hiroyuki Takemura, Hiroaki Io, Mitsuru Wakita, Takashi Horii, Yasuhiko Tomino, Akimichi Ohsaka, Takashi Miida
BACKGROUND: Long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) causes peritoneal morphological and functional changes, resulting in high transport status featuring increased peritoneal permeability. High transport status is diagnosed by peritoneal equilibration test (PET), a reliable but time-consuming method. We identifed a reliable biomarker in peritoneal effluent to predict high transport status in PD patients. METHODS: We collected peritoneal effluent and serum from 33 PD patients and measured common laboratory test parameters...
November 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Bengt Rippe, Carl M Öberg
The turnover of albumin is increased in both peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) due to increased external losses, normally leading to compensatory increases in the hepatic albumin synthesis. The normal rate of albumin synthesis is on the order of 12 g/day corresponding to an equally large albumin fractional catabolic rate of ~4% daily. Most albumin catabolism is assumed to occur in the endothelium, but there is also renal and hepatic catabolism and leakage into the gastrointestinal tract. In PD the daily losses are on the order of 5 g/day...
August 15, 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
Roberto Chimenz, Antonio Lacquaniti, Laura Colavita, Valeria Chirico, Claudia Fede, Michele Buemi, Carmelo Fede
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis, the most important limitation of peritoneal dialysis (PD), could be detected by biomarkers in dialysate effluent, representing a noninvasive method to indirectly assess the peritoneum status. The aim of our study was to test high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in PD patients, evaluating its role as precocious marker of peritoneum damage during peritonitis. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β was correlated with peritoneal transport characteristics. METHODS: Six patients, treated by ambulatory PD, were enrolled...
August 8, 2016: Renal Failure
Ni Tien, Hung-Chih Chen, Shiow-Lan Gau, Tzu-Hsien Lin, Hsiu-Shen Lin, Bang-Jau You, Po-Chuan Tsai, I-Ru Chen, Ming-Fan Tsai, I-Kuan Wang, Chao-Jung Chen, Chiz-Tzung Chang
BACKGROUND: Bacterial peritonitis is the most common cause of peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy drop-out. A quick and accurate diagnosis of the bacterial pathogen can reduce the PD drop-out rate. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) can rapidly identify bacteria using chips coated with nano-sized metal particles. METHODS: Known bacteria were loaded in the SERS-chips and illuminated with laser light to establish a reference Raman spectra library. Dialysate from PD peritonitis patients was concentrated by centrifuge and examined with the same SERS, and the resulting Raman spectra were compared with library spectra for bacteria identification...
October 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Oscar Åkesson, Pernilla Abrahamsson, Göran Johansson, Per-Jonas Blind
BACKGROUND: Ischemic injury of an organ causes metabolic change from aerobic to anaerobic metabolism. It has been shown in experimental studies on the heart and liver that such conversion may be detected by conventional microdialysis probes placed intra-parenchymatously, as well as on organ surfaces, by assaying lactate, pyruvate, glucose, and glycerol in dialysate. We developed a microdialysis probe (S-μD) intended for use solely on organ surfaces. The aim of this study was to assess whether the newly developed S-μD probe could be used for detection and monitoring of small bowel ischemia...
July 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Bo Mi Moon, Myung-Jin Choi, Md Tipu Sultan, Jae Won Yang, Hyung Woo Ju, Jung Min Lee, Hyun Jung Park, Ye Ri Park, Soo Hyeon Kim, Dong Wook Kim, Min Chae Lee, Ju Yeon Jeong, Ok Joo Lee, Gun Yong Sung, Chan Hum Park
During the last decade, there has been a great advance in the kidney dialysis system by wearable artificial kidney (WAK) system for end-stage renal disease patients. Uremic solute removal and water regeneration system are the most prerequisite for WAK to work properly. In this study, we designed a filtering membrane system by using immobilized urease silk fibroin filter and evaluated its comparative effectiveness with a PVDF filtering system in peritoneal dialysate regeneration system by urea removal efficacy...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Zhamshid Okhunov, Renai Yoon, Alberto Perez Lanzac, Michael Sgroi, Wei Ling Lau, Michael Del Junco, Michael Ordon, Austin Drysch, Christina Hwang, Simone L Vernez, Roy Fujitani, Nii-Kabu Kabutey, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Jaime Landman
OBJECTIVES: We attempted to create a surgical model to evaluate the retroperitoneal space for the ability to transfer solutes through the retroperitoneal membrane. Our dual objectives were to develop a technique to assess the feasibility of retroperitoneal dialysis (RPD) in a porcine model. METHODS: We incorporated two 35-kg Yorkshire pigs for this pilot study. In the first animal, we clamped renal vessels laparoscopically. In the second animal, we embolized renal arteries...
August 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Mari Ishida, Takatoshi Kakuta, Takayo Miyakogawa, Ryoko Tatsumi, Chiemi Matsumoto, Masafumi Fukagawa
OBJECTIVE: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of endothelial nitric oxide synthase. Elevated serum ADMA concentration is associated with impaired vascular endothelial function. We examined the relationships of ADMA with pentosidine, a representative advanced glycation end product, cytokines and the markers of peritoneal inflammation, damage and repair in dialysate effluent of peritoneal dialysis patients. METHODS: Study design was cross-sectional...
2016: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"