keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

peritoneal dialysate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935537/predictors-of-residual-renal-function-decline-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-the-balanz-trial
#1
Htay Htay, Yeoungjee Cho, Elaine M Pascoe, Darsy Darssan, Carmel M Hawley, David W Johnson
♦ Objective: Preservation of residual renal function (RRF) is associated with improved survival. The aim of the present study was to identify independent predictors of RRF and urine volume (UV) in incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. ♦ Methods: The study included incident PD patients who were balANZ trial participants. The primary and secondary outcomes were RRF and UV, respectively. Both outcomes were analyzed using mixed effects linear regression with demographic data in the first model and PD-related parameters included in a second model...
December 1, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914030/active-compounds-extracted-from-extra-virgin-olive-oil-counteract-mesothelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-of-peritoneal-mesothelium-cells-exposed-to-conventional-peritoneal-dialysate-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evidences
#2
S Lupinacci, G Toteda, D Vizza, A Perri, C Benincasa, A Mollica, A La Russa, P Gigliotti, F Leone, D Lofaro, M Bonofiglio, E Perri, R Bonofiglio
During peritoneal dialysis (PD), peritoneal mesothelial cells undergo a transition from an epithelial phenotype to a mesenchymal phenotype that, together with the inflammatory process, promotes tissue fibrosis and a failure of peritoneal membrane function. To date, there is no definitive treatment for the progressive thickening and angiogenesis of the peritoneal membrane associated with PD. In this study we tested, in vitro and in vivo, the ability of active compounds extracted from extra virgin olive oil (AC-EVOO) to counteract the mesothelial-to-mesenchymal transition process (MMT) observed in mesothelial cells chronically exposed to the conventional peritoneal dialysate (DL)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900965/effect-of-intraperitoneal-injection-of-sulodexide-on-peritoneal-function-and-albumin-leakage-in-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#3
Yosra Guedri, K Najla Damma, Melek Toumi, Wissal Sahtout, Awatef Azzabi, Sinda Mrabet, Safa Nouira, Dalila Saidane, Samira Amor, Anis Belarbia, Dorsaf Zellama, Abdellatif Achour
Peritoneal protein loss is one of the inevitable consequences during continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Our objective was to study the effect of sulodexide on the protein loss and efficiency of dialysis. This study included six patients receiving CAPD treated with sulodexide at the dose of 600 IU/day given by intraperitoneal injection for 10 days. Clinical and biologic parameters were assessed before starting the treatment (D0 and after 10 days of treatment (D10. We also evaluated the benefit of therapy persisting 20 days after the end of treatment (D30...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893682/peritoneal-dialysis-related-peritonitis-due-to-halomonas-hamiltonii-a-first-case-report
#4
Se Hwan Yeo, Jae Hoon Kwak, Yeo Un Kim, Jin Suk Lee, Hyo Jin Kim, Kyoung Hwa Park, Jung Sook Lee, Gyoung Yim Ha, Jeong Ho Lee, Jun Yeop Lee, Kyung Don Yoo
INTRODUCTION: Halomonas hamiltonii is a Gram-negative, halophilic, motile, and nonspore-forming rod bacterium. Although most Halomonas sp. are commonly found in saline environments, it has rarely been implicated as a cause of human infection. Herein, the authors present a case report of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)-related peritonitis attributed to H hamiltonii. CASE PRESENTATION: An 82-year-old male patient who had been receiving CAPD therapy presented to an emergency department with complaints of abdominal pain and cloudy dialysate that had persisted for 2 days...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881607/bicarbonate-balance-and-prescription-in-esrd
#5
Matthew K Abramowitz
The optimal approach to managing acid-base balance is less well defined for patients receiving hemodialysis than for those receiving peritoneal dialysis. Interventional studies in hemodialysis have been limited and inconsistent in their findings, whereas more compelling data are available from interventional studies in peritoneal dialysis. Both high and low serum bicarbonate levels associate with an increased risk of mortality in patients receiving hemodialysis, but high values are a marker for poor nutrition and comorbidity and are often highly variable from month to month...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870228/dialysate-bacterial-endotoxin-as-a-prognostic-indicator-of-peritoneal-dialysis-related-peritonitis
#6
Cheuk-Chun Szeto, Ka-Bik Lai, Kai-Ming Chow, Bonnie Ching-Ha Kwan, Man-Ching Law, Wing-Fai Pang, Terry King-Wing Ma, Chi-Bon Leung, Philip Kam-Tao Li
Peritonitis is the major complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). The aim of our present study is to explore the prognostic value of endotoxin level in PD effluent for the prediction of treatment failure in PD-related peritonitis. We studied 325 peritonitis episodes in 223 patients. PD effluent (PDE) was collected every 5 days for endotoxin level and leukocyte count. Patients were followed for relapsing or recurrent peritonitis. We found 20 episodes (6.2%) had primary treatment failure; 41 (12.6%) developed relapsing, 19 (5...
December 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867039/peritoneal-dialysis-effluent-mir-21-and-mir-589-levels-correlate-with-longitudinal-change-in-peritoneal-transport-characteristics
#7
Cheuk-Chun Szeto, Kai-Ming Chow, Bonnie Ching-Ha Kwan, Phyllis Mei-Shan Cheng, Cathy Choi-Wan Luk, Jack Kit-Chung Ng, Man-Ching Law, Chi-Bon Leung, Philip Kam-Tao Li
BACKGROUND: The role of microRNA (miRNA) in peritoneal fibrosis and longitudinal change in transport is uncertain. METHODS: We studied 80 new peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Peritoneal transport was determined by standard peritoneal equilibration test (PET) of creatinine at baseline. Based on published literature, PD effluent levels of 10 miRNA targets were quantified. PET and miRNA quantification were repeated one year later in 46 patients. RESULTS: Baseline PD effluent levels of all targets tested had modest but significant correlation with peritoneal transport parameters...
November 17, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848064/the-carbon-footprints-of-home-and-in-center-peritoneal-dialysis-in-china
#8
Mindong Chen, Rong Zhou, Chongbo Du, Fulei Meng, Yanli Wang, Liping Wu, Fang Wang, Yahong Xu, Xiufen Yang
OBJECTIVE: The provision of healthcare itself is associated with abundant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This study aims to determine the carbon footprints of peritoneal dialysis (PD) with the different modalities and treatment regimes. METHODS: A total of 68 subjects performed with PD treatment were enrolled in this study. Emissions factors were applied to data that were collected for energy consumption, travel, and procurement. RESULTS: The carbon footprints generated by the provision of PD treatment for the individual patient were calculated and normalized to a 2-l PD dialysate volume...
November 15, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837150/il-6-trans-signaling-links-inflammation-with-angiogenesis-in-the-peritoneal-membrane
#9
Rusan Catar, Janusz Witowski, Nan Zhu, Christian Lücht, Alicia Derrac Soria, Javier Uceda Fernandez, Lei Chen, Simon A Jones, Ceri A Fielding, Andras Rudolf, Nicholas Topley, Duska Dragun, Achim Jörres
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is implicated in the peritoneal membrane remodeling that limits ultrafiltration in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Although the exact mechanism of VEGF induction in PD is unclear, VEGF concentrations in drained dialysate correlate with IL-6 levels, suggesting a link between these cytokines. Human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs), the main source of IL-6 and VEGF in the peritoneum, do not bear the cognate IL-6 receptor and are thus unable to respond to classic IL-6 receptor signaling...
November 11, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810276/-peritoneal-equilibration-test-conventional-versus-adapted-preliminary-study
#10
Ariane Zaloszyc, Claus Peter Schmitt, Betti Schaefer, Armelle Doutey, Joëlle Terzic, Soraya Menouer, Laetitia Higel, Michel Fischbach
Conventional automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is prescribed as a repetition of cycles with the same dwell time and the same fill volume. Water and sodium balance remains a common problem among patients on peritoneal dialysis. More recently, adapted automated peritoneal dialysis was described, as a combination of short dwells with a low volume, in order to enhance ultrafiltration, followed by long dwells with a large fill volume to favor solute removal. We performed a preliminary crossover study on 4 patients...
October 31, 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768727/addition-of-alanyl-glutamine-to-dialysis-fluid-restores-peritoneal-cellular-stress-responses-a-first-in-man-trial
#11
Klaus Kratochwill, Michael Boehm, Rebecca Herzog, Katharina Gruber, Anton Michael Lichtenauer, Lilian Kuster, Dagmar Csaicsich, Andreas Gleiss, Seth L Alper, Christoph Aufricht, Andreas Vychytil
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis and ultrafiltration failure remain serious complications of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD). Dysfunctional cellular stress responses aggravate peritoneal injury associated with PD fluid exposure, potentially due to peritoneal glutamine depletion. In this randomized cross-over phase I/II trial we investigated cytoprotective effects of alanyl-glutamine (AlaGln) addition to glucose-based PDF. METHODS: In a prospective randomized cross-over design, 20 stable PD outpatients underwent paired peritoneal equilibration tests 4 weeks apart, using conventional acidic, single chamber 3...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759470/the-influence-of-low-calcium-dialysate-on-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#12
Zebin Wang, Yueqiang Wen, Jianbo Liang, Xinling Liang, Wei Shi
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic function was found to be a significant predictor of cardiovascular events and general mortality in dialysis. Studies have indicated that dialysate calcium concentrations were significantly associated with cardiac function. However, the relationship between low calcium dialysate and LV diastolic function has not been clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of low calcium dialysate on cardiac function in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. A total of 60 PD patients were enrolled in this study, with a calcium content of the PD solution of 1...
October 19, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738089/short-dwell-cycling-intraperitoneal-cefazolin-plus-ceftazidime-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#13
Sadudee Peerapornratana, Pajaree Chariyavilaskul, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch, Kearkiat Praditpornsilpa, Somchai Eiam-Ong, Pisut Katavetin
♦ Background: Current guidelines suggest that intraperitoneal (IP) antibiotics should be administered only in a long peritoneal dialysis (PD) dwell (≥ 6 hours). The long dwell might result in low ultrafiltration and volume overload. We aim to examine plasma and dialysate concentration of cefazolin and ceftazidime after IP administration in a short-dwell (≤ 2 hours) automated cyclingexchange. ♦ Methods: Stable PD patients without peritonitis were invited to participate in the present study. Patients underwent 5 2-liter exchanges of PD fluid over 10 hours by the PD cycling machine without last fill or additional dwell...
October 13, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738086/peritoneal-dialysis-related-peritonitis-due-to-melioidosis-a-potentially-devastating-condition
#14
Talerngsak Kanjanabuch, Nuttha Lumlertgul, Lachlan J Pearson, Tanittha Chatsuwan, Krit Pongpirul, Asada Leelahavanichkul, Nisa Thongbor, Gunticha Nuntawong, Laksamon Praderm, Pantiwa Wechagama, Surapong Narenpitak, Apinya Wechpradit, Worauma Punya, Guttiga Halue, Phetpailin Naka, Somboon Jeenapongsa, Somchai Eiam-Ong
♦ Background: Melioidosis, an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. Although a wide range of clinical manifestations from this organism are known, peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) has rarely been reported. ♦ Patients and Methods: Peritoneal dialysis patients from all regions in Thailand were eligible for the study if they had peritonitis and either peritoneal fluid or effluent culture positive for B.pseudomallei Patient data obtained included baseline characteristics, laboratory investigations, treatments, and clinical outcomes...
October 13, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717781/1-3-%C3%A3-d-glucan-testing-is-highly-specific-in-patients-undergoing-dialysis-treatment
#15
Juergen Prattes, Daniel Schneditz, Florian Prueller, Eva Jaindl, Notburga Sauseng, Martin Hoenigl, Gernot Schilcher, Robert Krause
BACKGROUND: The aim of this combined in-vitro and in-vivo study was to investigate whether state of the art dialysis modalities produce false positive serum 1,3-ß-d-Glucan (BDG) levels. METHODS: Dialysis fluid for simulated dialysis treatments was spiked with BDG from different sources. Samples were taken from the dialysate and dialyzer blood compartments at various time points. In addition, serum samples were obtained in three groups of patients without invasive fungal disease: a...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680760/pharmacokinetics-of-intraperitoneal-daptomycin-in-patients-with-peritoneal-dialysis-related-peritonitis
#16
Laure Peyro Saint Paul, Maxence Ficheux, Danièle Debruyne, Magalie Loilier, Nicolas Bouvier, Rémy Morello, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Renaud Verdon, François Fournel, Vincent Cattoir, Thierry Lobbedez
♦ Background: Antibiotics are preferentially delivered via the peritoneal route to treat peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis (PDRP) to ensure that maximal concentrations are delivered to the site of infection. Our study focused on the pharmacokinetics of daptomycin (DAP) administered via the intraperitoneal (IP) route in patients with PDRP. ♦ Methods: According to the DaptoDP protocol (Clinical Trial No. 2012-005699-33), IP DAP was administered daily, i.e., during the 6-h Nutrineal (Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Deerfield, IL, USA) dwell time period, for 14 days, in addition to administration of the antibiotics used for the usual care of patients with PDRP...
September 28, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620210/effect-of-scavenging-circulating-reactive-carbonyls-by-oral-pyridoxamine-in-uremic-rats-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#17
Yoshitaka Mori, Takatoshi Kakuta, Takayo Miyakogawa, Susumu Takekoshi, Hiroko Yuzawa, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Atsushi Kawakami, Toshio Miyata, Masafumi Fukagawa
Pyridoxamine, a reactive carbonyl (RCO) scavenger, can ameliorate peritoneal deterioration in uremic peritoneal dialysis (PD) rats when given via dialysate. We examined the effects of scavenging circulating RCOs by oral pyridoxamine. Rats underwent nephrectomy and 3 weeks of twice daily PD either alone or with once daily oral pyridoxamine. PD solution was supplemented with methylglyoxal, a major glucose-derived RCO, to quench intraperitoneal pyridoxamine. Oral pyridoxamine achieved comparable blood and dialysate pyridoxamine concentrations, suppressed pentosidine accumulation in the blood but not in the mesenterium or dialysate, and reduced the increases in small solute transport and mesenteric vessel densities, with no effects on submesothelial matrix layer thickening or serum creatinine...
September 13, 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596540/surgical-management-of-complications-with-peritoneal-dialysis
#18
Andrzej Ratajczak, Małgorzata Lange-Ratajczak, Adam Bobkiewicz, Adam Studniarek
This report reviews the most common surgical interventions and complications of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Based on the current knowledge as well as our experience we detail the role of these surgical procedures. We supplement the reported knowledge in the field with our own experience in this area. The areas discussed include early complications such as surgical wound hemorrhage, bleeding from the catheter, intestinal perforation and urinary bladder perforation, dialysate leakage through the wound, as well as late complications including catheter kinking or occlusion, retention of fluid in the peritoneal recess, hernias and hydrothorax, and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis...
September 6, 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584930/myths-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#19
Martin B Lee, Joanne M Bargman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To clarify misconceptions about the feasibility and risks of peritoneal dialysis that unnecessarily limit peritoneal dialysis uptake or continuation in patients for whom peritoneal dialysis is the preferred dialysis modality. The inappropriate choice of haemodialysis as a result of these misconceptions contributes to low peritoneal dialysis penetrance, increases transfer from peritoneal dialysis to haemodialysis, increases expenditure on haemodialysis and compromises quality of life for these patients...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560500/laparoscopic-management-of-dialysate-leakage-secondary-to-necrotic-peritoneum
#20
Chih-Kun Huang, Hsi-Hao Wang, Zubaidah Nor Hanipah
Peritoneal dialysate leakage is a well-known complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). In late leakage, it is usually managed conservatively and subsequently converted to hemodialysis. We hereby report a case of peritoneal dialysate leakage secondary to necrotic peritoneum, which was managed by laparoscopic excision of the affected peritoneum. Regeneration of new peritoneum was documented and the patient could resume CAPD successfully.
August 25, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
keyword
keyword
31637
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"