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HBsAg seroconversion

Seong Hee Kang, Keunhee Kang, Jong Eun Yeon, Young Sun Lee, Tae Suk Kim, Yang Jae Yoo, Sang Jun Suh, Eileen L Yoon, Young Kul Jung, Ji Hoon Kim, Yeon Seok Seo, Hyung Joon Yim, Kwan Soo Byun
BACKGROUND & AIM: Although the ideal end point for antiviral treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is loss of HBsAg, the typical clinical end points are HBeAg seroconversion in HBeAg-positive patients and long-term DNA suppression in HBeAg-negative patients. We evaluated the long-term antiviral response after cessation of lamivudine treatment in CHB patients. METHODS: A total of 157 patients who had discontinued lamivudine between 1997 and 2014 were enrolled (97 HBeAg-positive and 60 HBeAg-negative CHB patients)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Tao-Yuan Li, You-Peng Chen
We report a rare case of HBsAg seroconversion after 7 years of entecavir therapy in a 48-year-old HBeAg-negative CHB male patient with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). After a poor response to a 48-week interferon-α 2b therapy, the patient received long-term entecavir therapy. Serum ALT levels became normal and HBV DNA viral load was undetectable at the 10th week after commencement of entecavir treatment, and seroconversion of HBsAg was detected after 7 years of entecavir therapy.
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Zhen Wang, Jinfeng Zeng, Tingting Li, Xin Zheng, Xiaoxuan Xu, Xianlin Ye, Liang Lu, Weigang Zhu, Baocheng Yang, Jean-Pierre Allain, Chengyao Li
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hepatitis B vaccination program at birth has been implemented nationwide since 1992 in China. However, current HBV prevalence status in blood donors has not been entirely examined, which may impact HBV safety in blood donations as the vaccinees over 18 years old progressively become the majority population of blood donors. METHODS: In this study, 569,145 blood donors were screened for HBsAg by rapid tests and enzyme immunoassays, among them 475,538 blood samples with negative HBsAg were further screened for HBV DNA by nucleic acid testing between 2005 and 2014 at Shenzhen blood center...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Scott Fung, Peter Kwan, Milotka Fabri, Andrzej Horban, Mijomir Pelemis, Hie-Won Hann, Selim Gurel, Florin A Caruntu, John F Flaherty, Benedetta Massetto, Kyungpil Kim, Kathryn M Kitrinos, G Mani Subramanian, John G McHutchison, Leland J Yee, Magdy Elkhashab, Thomas Berg, Ioan Sporea, Cihan Yurdaydin, Petr Husa, Maciej S Jablkowski, Edward Gane
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Long-term treatment with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) alone, or in combination with emtricitabine (FTC) is associated with sustained viral suppression in patients with lamivudine resistant (LAM-R) chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: LAM-R CHB patients were randomised 1:1 to receive TDF 300mg or FTC 200mg and TDF 300mg once daily in a prospective, double blind, study. The proportion of patients with plasma hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA<69IU/ml (<400copies/ml) at week 96 (primary efficacy endpoint) was reported previously...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Julianne Bayliss, Lilly Yuen, Gillian Rosenberg, Darren Wong, Margaret Littlejohn, Kathleen Jackson, Anuj Gaggar, Kathryn M Kitrinos, G Mani Subramanian, Patrick Marcellin, Maria Buti, Harry L A Janssen, Ed Gane, Vitina Sozzi, Danni Colledge, Rachel Hammond, Rosalind Edwards, Stephen Locarnini, Alexander Thompson, Peter A Revill
OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) loss are important clinical outcomes for patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treated with antiviral therapy. To date, there have been few studies that have evaluated viral sequence markers predicting serological response to nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) treatment. DESIGN: We used next-generation sequencing (NGS) and quantitative HBV serology (HBeAg and HBsAg) to identify viral sequence markers associated with serological response to long-term tenofovir disoproxil fumarate therapy among HBeAg-positive patients...
August 17, 2016: Gut
Vitina Sozzi, Renae Walsh, Margaret Littlejohn, Danni Colledge, Kathy Jackson, Nadia Warner, Lilly Yuen, Stephen A Locarnini, Peter A Revill
: The hepatitis B virus (HBV) exists as 9 major genotypes (A to I), one minor strain (designated J) and multiple subtypes. Marked differences in HBV natural history, disease progression and treatment response are exhibited by many of these genotypes and subtypes. For example, HBV genotype C is associated with later HBeAg seroconversion and high rates of liver cancer compared to other HBV genotypes, whereas genotype A2 is rarely associated with HBeAg negative disease or liver cancer. The reasons for these and other differences in HBV natural history are yet to be determined but could in part be due to sequence differences in the HBV genome that alter replicative capacity and / or gene expression...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Virology
Ka Zhang, Hong Cao, Jiayi Liang, Xin Shu, Haixia Sun, Gang Li, Qihuan Xu
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to compare the efficacy and safety of the addition of adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) (started at different time points) to pegylated interferon alpha-2a (PEG-INF-α2a) and PEG-INF-α2a monotherapy. This prospective, randomized study sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination of PEG-INF-α2a and ADV at different time points.120 patients were randomized into groups that received PEG-INF-α2a as monotherapy (group A) or in combination with ADV started at week 0 (group B), 12 (group C), or 24 (group D)...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Nourhan H AbdelAllah, Nourtan F Abdeltawab, Abeer A Boseila, Magdy A Amin
Hepatitis B viral (HBV) infections represent major public health problem and are an occupational hazard for healthcare workers. Current alum-adjuvanted HBV vaccine is the most effective measure to prevent HBV infection. However, the vaccine has some limitations including poor response in some vaccinee and being a frost-sensitive suspension. The goal of our study was to use an alternative natural adjuvant system strongly immunogenic allowing for a reduction in dose and cost. We tested HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) adjuvanted with chitosan (Ch) and sodium alginate (S), both natural adjuvants, either alone or combined with alum in mouse model...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
X D Luo, X P Chen, R Chen, X F Chen, J Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of 104-week sequential therapy with telbivudine or entecavir in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with suboptimal responses to 24-week pegylated interferon-α-2a (PEG-IFN-α-2a) therapy. METHODS: A total of 130 HBeAg-positive CHB patients with HBV DNA≥5.0 lg IU/ml and a reduction in HBsAg quantitation < 1 lg IU/ml compared with baseline who received PEG-IFN-α-2a therapy for 24 weeks were enrolled and randomly divided into telbivudine group and entecavir group, and 5 of them were lost...
April 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Massimo Levrero, Barbara Testoni, Fabien Zoulim
Current HBV treatments control replication and liver disease progression in the vast majority of treated patients. However, HBV patients often require lifelong therapies due to the persistence of transcriptionally active viral cccDNA mini-chromosome in the nucleus, which is not directly targeted by current antiviral therapies. A true complete cure of HBV would require clearance of intranuclear cccDNA from all infected hepatocytes. An intermediate but still relevant step forward that would allow treatment cessation would be reaching a functional cure, equivalent to resolved acute infection, with a durable HBsAg loss±anti-HBs seroconversion, undetectable serum DNA and persistence of cccDNA in a transcriptionally inactive status...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Virology
Yin-Chen Wang, Sien-Sing Yang, Chien-Wei Su, Yuan-Jen Wang, Kuei-Chuan Lee, Teh-Ia Huo, Han-Chieh Lin, Yi-Hsiang Huang
Information on the efficacy of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients and predictors of the response based on real-world data is limited. Consecutive 201 patients who underwent PEG-IFN treatment for CHB were reviewed. A virological response (VR) was defined as a serum HBV DNA of <2000 IU/mL, and a combined response (CR) was defined a VR accompanied by serological response for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive CHB. For HBeAg-positive CHB patients, the HBeAg seroconversion rate and CR rate were 30...
2016: Scientific Reports
Teerha Piratvisuth, Piyawat Komolmit, Henry Ly Chan, Tawesak Tanwandee, Wattana Sukeepaisarnjaroen, Mário G Pessoa, Eduardo Fassio, Suzane K Ono, Fernando Bessone, Jorge Daruich, Stefan Zeuzem, Michael Manns, Alkaz Uddin, Yuhong Dong, Aldo Trylesinski
BACKGROUND: A 2-year roadmap study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tenofovir intensification at Week 24 in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) receiving telbivudine. SCOPE: A prospective multicenter study was conducted in treatment-naive patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive CHB. All patients received telbivudine (600 mg/day) until Week 24. Thereafter, patients with detectable hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA (≥300 copies/mL) were administered tenofovir (300 mg/day) plus telbivudine, and patients with undetectable HBV DNA continued telbivudine monotherapy until Week 104...
2016: Drugs in Context
Yali Hu, Zhenhua Feng, Jingli Liu, Jie Chen, Shu Zhang, Yi-Hua Zhou
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We investigated the virological factors predicting spontaneous postpartum hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroclearance in pregnant women infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHODS: We invited 419 HBV infected women whose sera had been collected during their pregnancy from August 2002-July 2004 and archived at -30°C, to participate the follow-up in October 2009-March 2010. Various virological factors were determined and compared in women with or without the seroconversion and seroclearance...
April 2016: Archives of Medical Research
S Lingala, D T-Y Lau, C Koh, S Auh, M G Ghany, J H Hoofnagle
BACKGROUND: One to 5 years of therapy of chronic hepatitis B with oral nucleoside analogues result in significant clinical improvements, but effects of more prolonged therapy are not well defined. AIM: To describe outcomes of chronic hepatitis B with long-term lamivudine therapy. METHODS: Forty-two patients with chronic hepatitis B treated with lamivudine were followed for 3.2-19.5 (median = 16.1) years. Therapy was switched to other agents (n = 16) if patients developed lamivudine resistance and relapse of disease...
August 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Maria Stanzione, Gianfranca Stornaiuolo, Viviana Rizzo, Agostina Pontarelli, Giovanni Battista Gaeta
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) seroconversion to anti-HBs antibody is the best final objective for all available chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treatments. Unfortunately, this goal is rarely achieved with the currently applied therapeutic approaches. Here we describe the case of an anti-HBe-positive CHB patient who was successfully treated with a particular therapeutic schedule. The patient was initially treated with lamivudine (LAM) for nine years. Breakthrough was observed after eight years of LAM therapy...
June 1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Juliana Bruder Costa, Tania Dufeu-Duchesne, Vincent Leroy, Inga Bertucci, Magali Bouvier-Alias, Noelle Pouget, Ophelie Brevot-Lutton, Marc Bourliere, Fabien Zoulim, Joel Plumas, Caroline Aspord
Pegylated interferon α-2a (Peg-IFN-α) represents a therapeutic alternative to the prolonged use of nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. The mechanisms leading to a positive clinical outcome remain unclear. As immune responses are critical for virus control, we investigated the effects of Peg-IFN-α on both innate and adaptive immunity, and related it to the clinical evolution. The phenotypic and functional features of the dendritic cells (DCs), natural killer (NK) cells and HBV-specific CD4/CD8 T cells were analyzed in HBeAg-negative CHB patients treated for 48-weeks with NA alone or together with Peg-IFN-α, before, during and up to 2-years after therapy...
2016: PloS One
Caroline Aspord, Juliana Bruder Costa, Marie-Christine Jacob, Tania Dufeu-Duchesne, Inga Bertucci, Noelle Pouget, Ophelie Brevot-Lutton, Fabien Zoulim, Marc Bourliere, Joel Plumas, Vincent Leroy
The ultimate goal of pegylated interferon-alfa-2a (Peg-IFN-α) therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection is HBsAg seroconversion. Even though B cells are major mediators of a positive clinical outcome, their modulation during Peg-IFN-α therapy has not yet been described. We investigated here the effects of Peg-IFN-α on eight circulating B-cell subsets thanks to an original multi-gating approach based on CD19, CD27, IgD, CD10, and CD38 markers in patients with CHB treated with nucleos(t)ide analog alone or in combination with Peg-IFN-α...
2016: PloS One
Ilaria Lenci, Leonardo Baiocchi, Laura Tariciotti, Daniele Di Paolo, Martina Milana, Francesco Santopaolo, Tommaso Maria Manzia, Luca Toti, Valentina Svicher, Giuseppe Tisone, Carlo Federico Perno, Mario Angelico
Tailored approaches have been attempted to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) reinfection in antibodies against hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive liver transplantation (LT) recipients in order to minimize the use of hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) and nucleoside analogues (NAs). We report the results of complete HBV prophylaxis withdrawal after a follow-up of at least 6 years in LT recipients with undetectable serum HBV DNA and intrahepatic total HBV DNA and covalently closed circular DNA at LT. We included 30 HBsAg positive, hepatitis B e antigen-negative recipients, 6 with hepatitis C virus and 7 with hepatitis D virus coinfection, who had received HBIG plus NA for at least 5 years after LT...
September 2016: Liver Transplantation
M R H Roushan, M Mohammadpour, M Baiany, S Soleimani, A Bijani
To determine the time to appearance of antibody against hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) after clearance of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in chronically infected individuals, we followed up 3963 cases with positive antibody against hepatitis B e antigen (anti-HBe) from 1991 to 2014. Of these, 101 (67 males, 34 females) lost HBsAg. These serocleared cases were checked every 6-month interval regarding HBsAg, anti-HBs, liver function tests, and liver sonography. Hepatitis B virus DNA was assessed at the time of seroclearance or the appearance of anti-HBs...
September 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Yue-Li Xiong, Hu Li, Fen Liu, Dazhi Zhang, Hong Ren, Peng Hu
BACKGROUND: After treatment cessation, a high prevalence of relapse was reported in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients in China, especially in nucleot(s)ide analogues (NUCs)-experienced patients. Re-treatment for these patients remains unsolved. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of PEGylated interferon in HBeAg positive patients with exposure to antiviral therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 55 treatment-experienced, HBeAg positive Chinese patients were enrolled in this study...
April 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
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