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Depression and dementia

Raymond Smith, Vari Drennan, Ann Mackenzie, Nan Greenwood
BACKGROUND: Volunteer led befriending and peer support is provided to a wide range of people with varying needs. Despite large numbers of such schemes for carers of people with dementia, there is little evidence for any benefits they may offer. The aim of this research was to investigate the impact of befriending and peer support on carers of people with dementia and to explore their experiences of receiving the interventions using a mixed methods approach. METHODS: Nineteen carers of people with dementia were recruited from befriending and peer support services...
March 7, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Andrea L Metti, John R Best, C Elizabeth Shaaban, Mary Ganguli, Caterina Rosano
Background: physical function (PF) and physical activity (PA) both decline as adults age and have been linked to negative outcomes, including dementia, depression and cardiovascular diseases. Although declines in each are associated with numerous negative outcomes, the longitudinal relationship between these two measures is unclear. Objective: to examine the dynamic, bidirectional associations between declines in PF and PA. Design: prospective cohort...
March 13, 2018: Age and Ageing
Linda W Samia, Ann O'Sullivan, Kate Cole Fallon, AbouEl-Makarim Aboueissa, Kenneth W Hepburn
Background and Objectives: The Savvy Advanced psychoeducation program was designed for previously trained caregivers of persons living with dementia to refine their problem-solving and planning skills and enhance their sense of self-efficacy as dementia progressed for the care recipient. Implementation, feasibility, participant satisfaction, and perceived program benefits were also evaluated. Research Design and Methods: A total of 100 dementia family caregivers participated in the 12-month evaluation of Savvy Advanced...
March 12, 2018: Gerontologist
Hwan-Hee Kim, Nam-Hae Jung
[Purpose] In this study, we investigated the effects of combining exercise with a cognitive-enhancement group program on cognition and depression in a group of community-dwelling elderly people. [Subjects and Methods] The study's subjects consisted of 30 community-dwelling elderly people of both genders, whose average age was 78 years. They participated in a program of physical exercise combined with a cognitive-enhancement group training program. This consisted of sessions lasting 60 minutes that took place once a week over 3 months...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Diego Z Carvalho, Erik K St Louis, David S Knopman, Bradley F Boeve, Val J Lowe, Rosebud O Roberts, Michelle M Mielke, Scott A Przybelski, Mary M Machulda, Ronald C Petersen, Clifford R Jack, Prashanthi Vemuri
Importance: Aging is associated with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), which has been linked to cognitive decline in the elderly. However, whether EDS is associated with the pathologic processes of Alzheimer disease remains unclear. Objective: To investigate whether EDS at baseline is associated with a longitudinal increase in regional β-amyloid (Aβ) accumulation in a cohort of elderly individuals without dementia. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective analysis included participants enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging, a longitudinal population-based study in Olmsted County, Minnesota...
March 12, 2018: JAMA Neurology
Victoria Omranifard, Ebrahim Haghighizadeh, Shahla Akouchekian
Background: The most common neurodegenerative disease is dementia. Family of dementia patients says that their lives have been changed extensively after happening of dementia to their patients. One of the problems of family and caregivers is depression of the caregiver. In this study, we aimed to find the prevalence of depression and factors can affect depression in the dementia caregivers. Materials and Methods: This study was cross-sectional study with convenient sampling method...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Sławomir Tobis, Krystyna Jaracz, Dorota Talarska, Sylwia Kropińska, Ewa Zasadzka, Mariola Pawlaczyk, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Ian Philp, Aleksandra Suwalska
EASYCare Standard 2010 is a brief instrument identifying concerns in health, functional independence, and well-being, from older persons' perspective. It has not previously been validated for self-assessment. Our aim was to determine whether self-assessment (EC1) can give comparable results to an evaluation performed by professionals (EC2), for older people living at home. The study included community-dwelling individuals (aged at least 60 years, n  = 100; 67 females) without dementia (abbreviated mental test score [AMTS] above 6)...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Jesús Rivera-Navarro, Rosa Sepúlveda, Israel Contador, Bernardino Fernández-Calvo, Francisco Ramos, Miguel Ángel Tola-Arribas, Miguel Goñi
The objective of our study is to validate the Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) as an instrument for detecting the maltreatment of people with dementia in Spain. In total, 326 informal caregivers of people with different types of dementia were interviewed in several cities in northwest Spain. The caregivers were selected from outpatient neurology clinics and associations of relatives of people with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. A comprehensive sociodemographic questionnaire was administered to all participants, and several standardized scales were used to assess burden, anxiety, depression, social support and resilience...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Charlotte R Stoner, Martin Orrell, Aimee Spector
OBJECTIVES: To conduct an in-depth psychometric assessment of the PPOM; a measure of hope and resilience. METHOD: An observational study at five NHS trusts across England. Participants either completed the study using self-complete or interview led procedures, depending on their preference. Assessments were internal consistency, floor and ceiling effects, test-retest reliability, convergent validity and factor structure. RESULTS: 225 participants were recruited and completed the study, with a subsample of 48 comprising the test-retest sample...
March 3, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Michael D Hopkinson, James Reavell, Deirdre A Lane, Pavan Mallikarjun
Background and Objectives: There is limited evidence for the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in managing psychological morbidities in caregivers of dementia patients. To evaluate changes in dementia caregivers' depression, anxiety, and stress following CBT. Also to assess quality of life, intervention adherence/satisfaction and therapy effectiveness using different formats, frequencies, and delivery methods. Research Design and Methods: Studies were identified through electronic bibliographic searches (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library) and from gray literature (Conference Proceedings Citation Index and clinicaltrials...
February 24, 2018: Gerontologist
Rebecca Abrahams, Karen P Y Liu, Michelle Bissett, Paul Fahey, Karen S L Cheung, Rosalind Bye, Katrina Chaudhary, Leung-Wing Chu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapists and health practitioners commonly provide interventions to family caregivers of people with dementia with the aim of relieving burden, depression, and disruptions in health and social support. To date, the effects of multicomponent interventions specifically targeting these four important outcomes has not been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of multicomponent interventions on four outcomes for co-residing family caregivers of people with dementia...
March 12, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Claudio Liguori, Mariangela Pierantozzi, Agostino Chiaravalloti, Giulia M Sancesario, Nicola B Mercuri, Flaminia Franchini, Orazio Schillaci, Giuseppe Sancesario
Late-life depression (LLD) and Alzheimer's Disease (AD) are the two most frequent neuropsychiatric disorders affecting elderly. LLD and AD may clinically present with depressive and cognitive symptoms. Therefore, when cognitive decline is coupled with depression in the elderly, the differential diagnosis between LLD and AD could be challenging. The aim of the present study was to evaluate in a population of elderly patients affected by depression and dementia the usefulness of CSF AD biomarkers (tau proteins and β-amyloid42 -Aβ42 ) and 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography (18FFDG-PET) in early differentiating LLD from AD...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Anne M A van den Brink, Debby L Gerritsen, Miranda M H de Valk, Astrid T Mulder, Richard C Oude Voshaar, Raymond T C M Koopmans
OBJECTIVE: Aging societies will bring an increase in the number of long-term care residents with mental-physical multimorbidity. To optimize care for these residents, it is important to study their care needs, since unmet needs lower quality of life. To date, knowledge about care needs of residents with mental-physical multimorbidity is limited. The aim of this study was to explore (un)met care needs of residents with mental-physical multimorbidity and determinants of unmet needs. METHODS: Cross-sectional cohort study among 141 residents with mental-physical multimorbidity without dementia living in 17 geronto-psychiatric nursing home units across the Netherlands...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Ricardo F Allegri, Pablo Bagnatti
The first step from the neuropsychology in Argentina was in 1883 with the thesis of Antonio Piñeiro about the brain localization of the language and vision disorders, only few years after Broca. The aim of this work has been to describe the development of the neuropsychology in Argentina and its relation with the psychology, neurology and psychiatry. The first period was into the neurology with its French school in?uence. In 1907, Jose Ingeniero published in French his book about "amusia", Cristofredo Jakob the "folia neurobiologica" where he described the organization of the human brain, Vicente Dimitri in 1933 his book "aphasia" and Bernardo de Quiros in 1959 his works about dyslexia...
November 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Haruo Hanyu
There is a wide range of potentially modifiable risk factors for Alzheimer's disease and dementia, including cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity, sleep-apnea syndrome), psychosocial factors (e.g., depression), health behaviors (e.g., low level of physical or mental activity, smoking status), and head trauma. In the elderly, weight loss associated with frailty and sarcopenia is another risk factor for dementia. Recent epidemiological studies have shown that the prevalence of dementia has declined in the US and European countries during the last 20 years...
March 2018: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
L A Rafferty, P E Cawkill, S A M Stevelink, K Greenberg, N Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Dementia is currently incurable, irreversible and a major cause of disability for the world's older population. The association between mental health difficulties, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), and dementia has a long history within the civilian population. Despite the increased importance of this link within the military veteran population, who suffer a greater propensity of mental health difficulties and consist largely of over 65s, attention is only recently being paid to the salience of such an association for this group...
March 8, 2018: Psychological Medicine
F Senese, P Rucci, M P Fantini, D Gibertoni, E Semrov, M Nassisi, R Messina, C Travaglini
BACKGROUND: Information on individual mental healthcare costs and utilization patterns in Italy is scant. We analysed the use and the annual costs of community mental health services (MHS) in an Italian local health authority (LHA). Our aims are to compare the characteristics of patients in the top decile of costs with those of the remaining 90%, and to investigate the demographic and clinical determinants of costs. METHODS: This retrospective study is based on administrative data of adult patients with at least one contact with MHS in 2013...
March 4, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Dawn Brooker, Simon Evans, Shirley Evans, Jennifer Bray, Francesca Lea Saibene, Claudia Scorolli, Dorota Szcześniak, Alessia d'Arma, Katarzyna M Urbańska, Teresa Atkinson, Elisabetta Farina, Joanna Rymaszewska, Rabih Chattat, Catherine Henderson, Amritpal Rehill, Iris Hendriks, Franka Meiland, Rose-Marie Dröes
OBJECTIVES: MEETINGDEM investigated whether the Dutch Meeting Centres Support Programme (MCSP) could be implemented in Italy, Poland, and the UK with comparable benefits. This paper reports on the impact on people living with dementia attending pilot Meeting Centres in the 3 countries. METHODS: Nine pilot Meeting Centres (MCs) participated (Italy-5, Poland-2, UK-2). Effectiveness of MCSP was compared with Usual Care (UC) on outcomes measuring behavioural and psychological symptoms (NPI), depression (CSDD), and quality of life (DQoL, QOL-AD), analysed by ANCOVAs in a 6-month pre-test/post-test controlled trial...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Marion M Ortner
The diagnosis of dementia probably due to Alzheimer's disease is still primarily a clinical one. In cases that remain clinically unclear, however, biomarkers for amyloid deposition and neuronal injury can help to identify the underlying cause. One biomarker even for early neuronal injury in the stage of mild cognitive impairment is cerebral glucose hypometabolism measured by18 F-FDG PET. Distinct patterns of hypometabolism can be seen, for example, in dementia due to Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, and dementia with Lewy bodies...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Lisa L Onega, Thomas W Pierce, Lora Epperly
This secondary analysis examined whether the benefits of bright light therapy on depression are greater in persons with mild/moderate or severe dementia. Exploratory analyses were also conducted to determine if bright light treatment targets different depressive symptom clusters based on dementia severity. Analyses using total scores from the instruments, Depressive Symptom Assessment for Older Adults and the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, showed that bright light exposure is an equally effective intervention for depression in persons with both mild/moderate and severe dementia...
March 6, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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