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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791235/long-term-planetary-habitability-and-the-carbonate-silicate-cycle
#1
Andrew J Rushby, Martin Johnson, Benjamin J W Mills, Andrew J Watson, Mark W Claire
The potential habitability of an exoplanet is traditionally assessed by determining whether its orbit falls within the circumstellar "habitable zone" of its star, defined as the distance at which water could be liquid on the surface of a planet (Kopparapu et al., 2013 ). Traditionally, these limits are determined by radiative-convective climate models, which are used to predict surface temperatures at user-specified levels of greenhouse gases. This approach ignores the vital question of the (bio)geochemical plausibility of the proposed chemical abundances...
May 2018: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785869/reliability-and-validity-of-the-zebris-fdm-thq-instrumented-treadmill-during-running-trials
#2
Ken Van Alsenoy, Athol Thomson, Angus Burnett
Little is known about the reliability, validity and smallest detectable differences of selected kinetic and temporal variables recorded by the Zebris FDM-THQ instrumented treadmill especially during running. Twenty male participants (age = 31.9 years (±5.6), height = 1.81 m (±0.08), mass = 80.2 kg (±9.5), body mass index = 24.53 kg/m2 (±2.53)) walked (5 km/h) and ran (10 and 15 km/h) on an instrumented treadmill, wearing running shoes fitted with Pedar-X insoles. A test-double retest protocol was conducted over two consecutive days...
May 22, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775166/aluminum-foot-insoles-reduce-plantar-forefoot-pressure-and-increase-foot-comfort-for-motorcyclists
#3
Israel Casado-Hernández, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Daniel López-López, Antonio Gómez-Bernal, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias
BACKGROUND: Foot pain and paresthesia are common in cycling, due to plantar pressure and repetitive loading. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the effect of foot insoles on plantar pressure of the foot in motorcycling, as well as self-reported comfort. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized crossover clinical trial. METHODS: A flexible foot pressure mat (GP MobilData WiFi® Gebiomized®) with different sizes was utilized. RESULTS: Maximum pressure values occurred predominantly in the hallux with 4...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768332/short-term-effects-of-customized-arch-support-insoles-on-symptomatic-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Hui-Ling Peng, Wen-Chung Lee
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available regarding the effects of insoles on pediatric flexible flatfoot because of the heterogeneity and low methodological quality of previous studies. The purpose of this prospective trial is to examine the short-term effects of customized arch support insoles on symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children by using the International Classification of Functioning, randomized controlled Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: This study was conducted in a rehabilitation outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757494/multifunctional-smart-skin-adhesive-patches-for-advanced-health-care
#5
REVIEW
Insol Hwang, Hong Nam Kim, Minho Seong, Sang-Hyeon Lee, Minsu Kang, Hoon Yi, Won Gyu Bae, Moon Kyu Kwak, Hoon Eui Jeong
A skin adhesive patch is the most fundamental and widely used medical device for diverse health-care purposes. Conventional skin adhesive patches have been mainly utilized for routine medical purposes such as wound management, fixation of medical devices, and simple drug release. In contrast to traditional skin adhesive patches, recently developed patches incorporate multiple key functions of bulky medical devices into a thin, flexible patch based on emerging nanomaterials and flexible electronic technologies...
May 14, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755790/the-effect-of-a-textured-insole-on-symmetry-of-turning
#6
Etem Curuk, Yunju Lee, Alexander S Aruin
Turning while walking is a common daily activity. Individuals with unilateral impairment frequently perform turns asymmetrically. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of a discomfort-inducing textured insole on symmetry of turning. Nine healthy individuals performed turns to the right while walking with no insole, immediately after the insole was inserted in the right shoe, and after walking for six minutes with the insole. The duration of turning, displacements of pelvic markers, and perceived level of discomfort were evaluated...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750815/abnormal-gait-pattern-emerges-during-curved-trajectories-in-high-functioning-parkinsonian-patients-walking-in-line-at-normal-speed
#7
Anna Maria Turcato, Marco Godi, Marica Giardini, Ilaria Arcolin, Antonio Nardone, Andrea Giordano, Marco Schieppati
BACKGROUND: Several patients with Parkinson´s disease (PD) can walk normally along straight trajectories, and impairment in their stride length and cadence may not be easily discernible. Do obvious abnormalities occur in these high-functioning patients when more challenging trajectories are travelled, such as circular paths, which normally implicate a graded modulation in the duration of the interlimb gait cycle phases? METHODS: We compared a cohort of well-treated mildly to moderately affected PD patients to a group of age-matched healthy subjects (HS), by deliberately including HS spontaneously walking at the same speed of the patients with PD...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748781/plantar-blood-flow-response-to-accumulated-pressure-stimulus-in-diabetic-people-with-different-peak-plantar-pressure-a-non-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Fang Pu, Weiyan Ren, Hongyuan Fu, Xuan Zheng, Min Yang, Yih-Kuen Jan, Yubo Fan
The aim of this study was to investigate the plantar blood flow response to the same accumulated pressure stimulus in diabetic patients with different peak plantar pressure (PPP), which is important for assessing the risk of diabetic foot ulcer. Eleven diabetic subjects with high PPP (PPP ≥ 207 kPa) and 8 diabetic subjects with low PPP (PPP < 207 kPa) were asked to walk naturally on a treadmill so as to induce an accumulated stimulus of 73,000 kPa·s on their first metatarsal head, which was monitored with a sensorized insole...
May 11, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738486/shoe-insole-technology-for-injury-prevention-in-walking
#9
REVIEW
Hanatsu Nagano, Rezaul K Begg
Impaired walking increases injury risk during locomotion, including falls-related acute injuries and overuse damage to lower limb joints. Gait impairments seriously restrict voluntary, habitual engagement in injury prevention activities, such as recreational walking and exercise. There is, therefore, an urgent need for technology-based interventions for gait disorders that are cost effective, willingly taken-up, and provide immediate positive effects on walking. Gait control using shoe-insoles has potential as an effective population-based intervention, and new sensor technologies will enhance the effectiveness of these devices...
May 8, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732409/climate-models-predict-increasing-temperature-variability-in-poor-countries
#10
Sebastian Bathiany, Vasilis Dakos, Marten Scheffer, Timothy M Lenton
Extreme events such as heat waves are among the most challenging aspects of climate change for societies. We show that climate models consistently project increases in temperature variability in tropical countries over the coming decades, with the Amazon as a particular hotspot of concern. During the season with maximum insolation, temperature variability increases by ~15% per degree of global warming in Amazonia and Southern Africa and by up to 10%°C-1 in the Sahel, India, and Southeast Asia. Mechanisms include drying soils and shifts in atmospheric structure...
May 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729613/effect-of-lateral-wedge-length-on-ambulatory-knee-kinetics
#11
Arielle G Fischer, Baptiste Ulrich, Laurent Hoffmann, Brigitte M Jolles, Julien Favre
BACKGROUND: Lateral wedge insoles (LWI) were proposed to treat medial knee osteoarthritis through reductions of the ambulatory knee adduction moment (KAM). Limited attention was however paid to the LWI length, resulting in unclear understanding of its effect on KAM reductions. The knee flexion moment (KFM) was also shown to be important in knee osteoarthritis, but little is known about the effect of LWI length on it. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study aimed to compare the KAM and KFM of healthy subjects walking with four different lengths of LWI, explicitly without LWI and with LWI below the hindfoot (HF), below the hindfoot and forefoot (HF + FF) and below the hindfoot, forefoot and hallux (HF + FF + HX) segments...
April 27, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726449/proof-of-concept-of-a-partial-weight-bearing-supporting-real-time-feedback-system
#12
Andrés I Tkachenko-Bril, Harald Jagoš, Veronika David, Katharina Pils, Jakob Gaudernak, Dietmar Rafolt
BACKGROUND: Patient compliance with lower limb partial weight bearing (PWB) instructions during post-surgical early mobilization is often low and many are unable to adhere to the prescribed limits without the implementation of concurrent biofeedback. OBJECTIVES: A real-time feedback system based on eSHOE instrumented insoles was tested in order to preliminarily quantify its efficiency at improving geriatric patients' compliance. METHODS: In order to gain a proof of concept, measurements with one patient after a hip fracture were carried out...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723634/total-knee-replacement-and-non-surgical-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-2-year-outcome-from-two-parallel-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Søren T Skou, Ewa M Roos, Mogens B Laursen, Michael S Rathleff, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Sten Rasmussen, Ole Simonsen
OBJECTIVES: To compare 2-year outcomes of total knee replacement (TKR) followed by non-surgical treatment to that of non-surgical treatment alone and outcomes of the same non-surgical treatment to that of written advice. DESIGN: In two randomized trials, 200 (mean age 66) adults with moderate to severe knee osteoarthritis (OA), 100 eligible for TKR and 100 not eligible for TKR, were randomized to TKR followed by non-surgical treatment, non-surgical treatment alone, or written advice...
April 30, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718822/remote-temperature-monitoring-in-diabetic-foot-ulcer-detection
#14
Amanda L Killeen, Jodi L Walters
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and resource utilization. Remote temperature monitoring (RTM) is an evidence-based and recommended component of standard preventative foot care for high-risk populations that can detect the inflammation preceding and accompanying DFUs. OBJECTIVE: This case series illustrates the use of a RTM foot mat for the early detection and prevention of DFUs in patients with a history of DFUs...
April 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706698/the-prevalence-of-the-flat-foot-condition-and-insole-prescription-in-people-with-down-s-syndrome-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#15
Yoshihide Kanai, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Tomohiro Nakayama, Arito Yozu, Nobuaki Iwasaki
[Purpose] The general approach for flat foot (FF) treatment in people with Down's syndrome (DS) is the use of insoles. However, the appropriate timing of the first insole prescription remains unclear. An aim of this present research was to investigate the status of prevalence of FF and orthosis prescription in the DS population. [Subjects and Methods] Two hundred fifteen subjects with DS who were seen at our hospital were retrospectively investigated. Investigated parameters were: prevalence of FF and other foot diseases, ratio and timing of orthopaedic consultation, ratio and timing of orthoses prescription, and mean age at the time of orthosis prescription...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693624/gait-shear-and-plantar-pressure-monitoring-a-non-invasive-ofs-based-solution-for-e-health-architectures
#16
Cátia Tavares, M Fátima Domingues, Anselmo Frizera-Neto, Tiago Leite, Cátia Leitão, Nélia Alberto, Carlos Marques, Ayman Radwan, Eduardo Rocon, Paulo André, Paulo Antunes
In an era of unprecedented progress in sensing technology and communication, health services are now able to closely monitor patients and elderly citizens without jeopardizing their daily routines through health applications on their mobile devices in what is known as e-Health. Within this field, we propose an optical fiber sensor (OFS) based system for the simultaneous monitoring of shear and plantar pressure during gait movement. These parameters are considered to be two key factors in gait analysis that can help in the early diagnosis of multiple anomalies, such as diabetic foot ulcerations or in physical rehabilitation scenarios...
April 25, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690496/dual-task-elderly-gait-of-prospective-fallers-and-non-fallers-a-wearable-sensor-based-analysis
#17
Jennifer Howcroft, Edward D Lemaire, Jonathan Kofman, William E McIlroy
Wearable sensors could facilitate point of care, clinically feasible assessments of dynamic stability and associated fall risk through an assessment of single-task (ST) and dual-task (DT) walking. This study investigated gait changes between ST and DT walking and between older adult prospective fallers and non-fallers. The results were compared to a study based on retrospective fall occurrence. Seventy-five individuals (75.2 ± 6.6 years; 47 non-fallers, 28 fallers; 6 month prospective fall occurrence) walked 7...
April 21, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673934/foot-structure-and-knee-joint-kinetics-during-walking-with-and-without-wedged-footwear-insoles
#18
Ryan T Lewinson, Ryan Madden, Anthony Killick, John W Wannop, J Preston Wiley, Victor M Y Lun, Chirag Patel, Jeremy M LaMothe, Darren J Stefanyshyn
The relationship between static foot structure characteristics and knee joint biomechanics during walking, or the biomechanical response to wedged insoles are currently unknown. In this study, 3D foot scanning, dual X-ray absorptiometry and gait analysis methods were used to determine structural parameters of the foot and assess their relation to knee joint loading and biomechanical response to wedged insoles in 30 patients with knee osteoarthritis. In multiple linear regression models, foot fat content, height of the medial longitudinal arch and static hind foot angle were not associated with the magnitude of the knee adduction moment (R2  = 0...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673165/a-novel-detection-model-and-its-optimal-features-to-classify-falls-from-low-and-high-acceleration-activities-of-daily-life-using-an-insole-sensor-system
#19
Benjamin Cates, Taeyong Sim, Hyun Mu Heo, Bori Kim, Hyunggun Kim, Joung Hwan Mun
In order to overcome the current limitations in current threshold-based and machine learning-based fall detectors, an insole system and novel fall classification model were created. Because high-acceleration activities have a high risk for falls, and because of the potential damage that is associated with falls during high-acceleration activities, four low-acceleration activities, four high-acceleration activities, and eight types of high-acceleration falls were performed by twenty young male subjects. Encompassing a total of 800 falls and 320 min of activities of daily life (ADLs), the created Support Vector Machine model&rsquo;s Leave-One-Out cross-validation provides a fall detection sensitivity (0...
April 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671497/osteoarthritis-rapid-evidence-review
#20
Mark H Ebell
Osteoarthritis (OA) should be suspected in patients with pain in the fingers, shoulders, hips, knees, or ankles, especially if they are older than 40 years. Patients older than 50 years who have joint pain, minimal morning stiffness, and functional impairment likely have OA. Radiography can confirm the diagnosis and may be helpful before surgical referral, but findings generally do not correlate well with symptoms. Exercise, physical therapy, knee taping, and tai chi are beneficial for knee OA. Medical therapy provides modest benefits in pain reduction and functional improvement; however, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, tramadol, and other opioids have significant potential harms...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
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