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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449952/variations-of-dietary-intake-by-glycemic-status-and-hispanic-latino-heritage-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#1
Sarah S Casagrande, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Larissa Avilés-Santa, Matthew J O'Brien, Cristina Palacios, Cynthia M Pérez, Samantha A Reina, Xueyin Wang, Qibin Qi, Aida L Giachello, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Catherine C Cowie
Objective: A healthy diet is important for diabetes prevention and control; however, few studies have assessed dietary intake among US Hispanics/Latinos, a diverse population with a significant burden of diabetes. To address this gap in the literature, we determined intake of energy, macro/micronutrients, and vitamin supplements among Hispanics/Latinos by glycemic status and heritage. Research design and methods: Cross-sectional study of adults aged 18-74 years from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011) with complete baseline data on glycemic status and two 24-hour dietary recalls (n=13 089)...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362089/review-pyrophosphate-and-pyrophosphatases-in-plants-their-involvement-in-stress-responses-and-their-possible-relationship-to-secondary-metabolism
#2
REVIEW
Francisca Morayna Gutiérrez-Luna, Eric Edmundo Hernández-Domínguez, Lilián Gabriela Valencia-Turcotte, Rogelio Rodríguez-Sotres
Pyrophosphate (PPi) is produced as byproduct of biosynthesis in the cytoplasm, nucleus, mitochondria and chloroplast, or in the tonoplast and Golgi by membrane-bound H+-pumping pyrophosphatases (PPv). Inorganic pyrophosphatases (E.C. 3.6.1.1; GO:0004427) impulse various biosynthetic reactions by recycling PPi and are essential to living cells. Soluble and membrane-bound enzymes of high specificity have evolved in different protein families and multiple pyrophosphatases are encoded in all plant genomes known to date...
February 2018: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338957/commuting-and-sleep-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-sue%C3%A3-o-ancillary-study
#3
Megan E Petrov, Jia Weng, Kathryn J Reid, Rui Wang, Alberto R Ramos, Douglas M Wallace, Carmela Alcantara, Jianwen Cai, Krista Perreira, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Phyllis C Zee, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Sanjay R Patel
INTRODUCTION: Commute time is associated with reduced sleep time, but previous studies have relied on self-reported sleep assessment. The present study investigated the relationships between commute time for employment and objective sleep patterns among non-shift working U.S. Hispanic/Latino adults. METHODS: From 2010 to 2013, Hispanic/Latino employed, non-shift-working adults (n=760, aged 18-64 years) from the Sueño study, ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, reported their total daily commute time to and from work, completed questionnaires on sleep and other health behaviors, and wore wrist actigraphs to record sleep duration, continuity, and variability for 1 week...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331726/impact-of-the-start-up-process-on-the-microbial-communities-in-biocathodes-for-electrosynthesis
#4
Raúl Mateos, Ana Sotres, Raúl M Alonso, Adrián Escapa, Antonio Morán
This study seeks to understand how the bacterial communities that develop on biocathodes are influenced by inocula diversity and electrode potential during start-up. Two different inocula are used: one from a highly diverse environment (river mud) and the other from a low diverse milieu (anaerobic digestion). In addition, both inocula were subjected to two different polarising voltages: oxidative (+0.2 V vs. Ag/AgCl) and reductive (-0.8 V vs. Ag/AgCl). Bacterial communities were analysed by means of high throughput sequencing...
January 7, 2018: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318759/associations-of-sodium-and-potassium-with-obesity-measures-among-diverse-us-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#5
Tali Elfassy, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Linda Van Horn, Marc Gellman, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Neil Schneiderman, Martha Daviglus, Jeannette M Beasley, Maria M Llabre, Pamela A Shaw, Guillermo Prado, Hermes Florez, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate cross-sectional associations of sodium and potassium with BMI, waist circumference (WC), and body fat and to determine whether the nativity and/or duration of United States (US) residence modified these associations. METHODS: Sodium and potassium were derived from 24-hour diet recalls from 16,156 US participants of the 2008 to 2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) and from 24-hour urine in 447 HCHS/SOL participants...
February 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316554/skin-infections-due-to-bacteria-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-a-review
#6
Muneeb Ilyas, Nishita Maganty, Zachary Ginsberg, Amit Sharma
Though there is an abundance of information on cutaneous malignancies in transplant recipients, cutaneous infections in solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) are underrepresented in the dermatological literature. Our paper provides a comprehensive review of bacterial cutaneous infections within the solid organ transplant population. Cutaneous bacterial infections may lead to significant morbidity and even mortality in this immunosuppressed population. Thus, it is to the benefit of both dermatologists and other transplant care providers to better understand and recognize the features of cutaneous bacterial infections in SOTRs...
January 10, 2018: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284295/perceptions-of-cancer-risk-efficacy-and-cancer-related-risk-behaviors-results-from-the-hchs-sol-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#7
Rina S Fox, Sarah D Mills, Scott C Roesch, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Patricia Gonzalez, Venera Bekteshi, Jianwen Cai, David W Lounsbury, Gregory A Talavera, Frank J Penedo, Vanessa L Malcarne
This study evaluated the associations among perceived risk, perceived efficacy, and engagement in six cancer-related risk behaviors in a population-based Hispanic/Latino sample. Interviews were conducted with 5,313 Hispanic/Latino adults as part of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Participants were recruited from the study's four field centers (Bronx, NY; Chicago, IL; Miami, FL; San Diego, CA) between February 2010 and June 2011. Perceived risk and perceived efficacy were assessed with questions drawn from the Health Interview National Trends Survey...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281051/evaluation-of-a-novel-global-immunity-assay-to-predict-infection-in-organ-transplant-recipients
#8
Muhtashim Mian, Yoichiro Natori, Victor Ferreira, Nazia Selzner, Shahid Husain, Lianne Singer, S Joseph Kim, Atul Humar, Deepali Kumar
Background: Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) are predisposed to infection due to the need for lifelong immunosuppression, although tools to measure the overall degree of immunosuppression are limited. In this study, we used a novel global cell-mediated immunity (CMI) assay to quantify the degree of immunosuppression and predict subsequent infections. Methods: Consecutive SOTRs were enrolled and provided whole blood to conduct the global CMI assay (QuantiFERON Monitor) at 1, 3, and 6 months posttransplant...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167858/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinomas-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-compared-with-immunocompetent-patients
#9
Joyce Y Cheng, Fang-Yong Li, Christine J Ko, Oscar R Colegio
Importance: Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) have a 100-fold increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and they may develop more aggressive SCCs compared with immunocompetent individuals. Objective: To compare outcomes associated with aggressive behavior of SCC in SOTRs and high-risk immunocompetent patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study of 58 SOTRs and 40 immunocompetent patients evaluated at the Yale Transplant Dermatology Clinic in New Haven, Connecticut, who had at least 1 SCC confirmed histopathologically between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2015...
November 22, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159658/lung-necrosectomy-in-pediatric-patients-with-necrotizing-pneumonia
#10
Francina V Bolaños-Morales, Emmanuel Peña Gómez-Portugal, María E Aguilar-Mena, Patricio J Santillán-Doherty, Avelina Sotres-Vega, J Alfredo Santibáñez-Salgado
INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing pneumonia is the consolidation of lung parenchyma with destruction and necrosis, forming solitary or multiloculated radiolucent foci. When antibiotic treatment fails and clinical course does not improve, patients might need lung tissue resection: segmentectomy, lobectomy or bilobectomy. We have performed a more conservative surgical approach in pediatric patients with necrotizing pneumonia, lung necrosectomy: resection of unviable necrotic tissue, to preserve more healthy and potentially recoverable lung parenchyma...
November 20, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115297/applying-recovery-biomarkers-to-calibrate-self-report-measures-of-sodium-and-potassium-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#11
Y Mossavar-Rahmani, D Sotres-Alvarez, W W Wong, C M Loria, M D Gellman, L Van Horn, M H Alderman, J M Beasley, C M Lora, A M Siega-Riz, R C Kaplan, P A Shaw
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/jhh.2016.98.
December 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062127/graphene-oxide-electrodeposited-electrode-enhances-start-up-and-selective-enrichment-of-exoelectrogens-in-bioelectrochemical-systems
#12
R M Alonso, M I San-Martín, A Sotres, A Escapa
This study seeks to assess the impact that the anodic electrodeposition of graphene oxide (GO) has on the start-up process and on the development of microbial communities on the anode of BESs. The GO electrodeposited electrodes were characterised in abiotic conditions to verify the extent of the modification and were then transferred to a bioelectrochemical reactor. Results showed that the modified electrode allowed for a reduced start-up time compared to the control electrode. After three months, high throughput sequencing was performed, revealing that electrochemically reduced graphene oxide acts as a selective agent toward exoelectrogenic bacteria as Geobacter...
October 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047291/recurrent-moderate-hypoglycemia-exacerbates-oxidative-damage-and-neuronal-death-leading-to-cognitive-dysfunction-after-the-hypoglycemic-coma
#13
Gabriela Languren, Teresa Montiel, Leticia Ramírez-Lugo, Israela Balderas, Gustavo Sánchez-Chávez, Francisco Sotres-Bayón, Federico Bermúdez-Rattoni, Lourdes Massieu
Moderate recurrent hypoglycemia (RH) is frequent in Type 1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM) patients who are under intensive insulin therapy increasing the risk for severe hypoglycemia (SH). The consequences of RH are not well understood and its repercussions on neuronal damage and cognitive function after a subsequent episode of SH have been poorly investigated. In the current study, we have addressed this question and observed that previous RH during seven consecutive days exacerbated oxidative damage and neuronal death induced by a subsequent episode of SH accompanied by a short period of coma, in the parietal cortex, the striatum and mainly in the hippocampus...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021622/the-circadian-transcriptome-of-marine-fish-sparus-aurata-larvae-reveals-highly-synchronized-biological-processes-at-the-whole-organism-level
#14
M Yúfera, E Perera, J A Mata-Sotres, J Calduch-Giner, G Martínez-Rodríguez, J Pérez-Sánchez
The regulation of circadian gene expression remains largely unknown in farmed fish larvae. In this study, a high-density oligonucleotide microarray was used to examine the daily expression of 13,939 unique genes in whole gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) larvae with fast growth potentiality. Up to 2,229 genes were differentially expressed, and the first two components of Principal Component Analysis explained more than 81% of the total variance. Clustering analysis of differentially expressed genes identified 4 major clusters that were triggered sequentially, with a maximum expression at 0 h, 3 h, 9-15 h and 18-21 h zeitgeber time...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020220/role-of-secondary-prophylaxis-with-valganciclovir-in-the-prevention-of-recurrent-cytomegalovirus-disease-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#15
Bradley J Gardiner, Jennifer K Chow, Lori Lyn Price, Natalie E Nierenberg, David M Kent, David R Snydman
Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs). Ganciclovir and valganciclovir are highly effective antiviral drugs with a well-established role in primary prophylaxis and treatment of CMV disease. Our objective in this study was to examine the effect of secondary prophylaxis (SP) on the risk of relapse in SOTRs following an episode of CMV disease. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of SOTRs from 1995 to 2015 and used propensity score-based inverse probability of treatment weighting methodology to control for confounding by indication...
November 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986399/objectively-measured-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-genetic-predisposition-to-obesity-in-us-hispanics-latinos-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#16
Jee-Young Moon, Tao Wang, Tamar Sofer, Kari E North, Carmen R Isasi, Jianwen Cai, Marc D Gellman, Ashley E Moncrieft, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Maria Argos, Robert C Kaplan, Qibin Qi
Studies using self-reported data suggest gene-physical activity interaction on obesity, yet the influence of sedentary behavior, distinct from lack of physical activity, on genetic associations with obesity remains unclear. We analyzed interactions of accelerometer-measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time with genetic variants on obesity among 9,645 US Hispanics/Latinos. An overall genetic risk score (GRS), central nervous system (CNS)-related GRS, and non-CNS GRS were calculated based on 97 BMI-associated SNPs...
October 6, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970105/sleep-patterns-and-hypertension-using-actigraphy-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#17
Alberto R Ramos, Jia Weng, Douglas M Wallace, Megan R Petrov, William K Wohlgemuth, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Jose S Loredo, Kathryn J Reid, Phyllis C Zee, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Sanjay R Patel
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between actigraphy-based measures of sleep and prevalent hypertension in a sample of US Latinos. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2,148 participants of the Sueño Sleep Ancillary Study of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), who underwent 1 week of wrist actigraphy to characterize sleep duration, sleep efficiency, sleep fragmentation index, and daytime naps. Insomnia was defined as an Insomnia Severity Index ≥ 15...
September 29, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874520/sipp-a-novel-mitochondrial-phosphate-carrier-mediates-in-self-incompatibility
#18
Liliana E García-Valencia, Carlos E Bravo-Alberto, Hen-Ming Wu, Rogelio Rodríguez-Sotres, Alice Y Cheung, Felipe Cruz-García
In Solanaceae, the S-specific interaction between the pistil S-RNase and the pollen S-Locus F-box protein controls self-incompatibility (SI). Although this interaction defines the specificity of the pollen rejection response, the identification of three pistil essential modifier genes unlinked to the S-locus (HT-B, 120K, and NaStEP) unveils a higher degree of complexity in the pollen rejection pathway. We showed previously that NaStEP, a stigma protein with homology with Kunitz-type protease inhibitors, is essential to SI in Nicotiana spp...
November 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870280/glucose-and-cholesterol-stabilization-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-by-problem-solving-therapy-in-primary-care-centers-in-mexico-city
#19
Valerio Villamil-Salcedo, Blanca E Vargas-Terrez, Jorge Caraveo-Anduaga, Jorge González-Olvera, Adriana Díaz-Anzaldúa, José Cortés-Sotres, Magdalena Pérez-Ávila
Aim The aim of this study was to determine if the problem-solving therapy (PST) helps control metabolic variables in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who show depressive and anxiety symptoms. BACKGROUND: T2DM is a chronic-degenerative multifactorial disease. It is considered one of the main public health problems in the world, and it represents an important social and economic burden. It is frequently associated with major depression and anxiety disorders, which are related with high glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) concentrations and poor metabolic control...
September 5, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867291/cancer-recurrence-after-solid-organ-transplantation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Sergio A Acuna, Johnny W Huang, Fahima Dossa, Prakesh S Shah, S Joseph Kim, Nancy N Baxter
Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTR) with a pre-transplant malignancy (PTM) have been thought to be at high risk of cancer recurrence. However, recent population-based studies report cancer recurrence rates in SOTR similar to those of non-transplant patients. A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library to identify studies reporting cancer recurrence in SOTR with PTM. Quality assessment was performed using a validated tool for assessing the quality of an observational study with no control group designed by the Institute of Health Economics...
October 2017: Transplantation Reviews
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