keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Galarraga e

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111909/women-s-reproductive-decision-making-and-abortion-experiences-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#1
Marie E Sullivan, Abigail Harrison, Jane Harries, Namhla Sicwebu, Rochelle K Rosen, Omar Galárraga
Unintended pregnancy is a significant public health issue in South Africa. Despite free services including contraception, women face structural and institutional barriers to accessing care. This qualitative study comprised interviews with 16 women aged 18 to 40 years and receiving post-abortion services at a public clinic in Cape Town. Data analysis revealed three main themes: personal journeys in seeking abortion, contraceptive experiences, and contrasting feelings of empowerment (in reproductive decision making) and disempowerment (in the health care system)...
November 7, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101523/functional-comparison-of-corticostriatal-and-thalamostriatal-postsynaptic-responses-in-striatal-neurons-of-the-mouse
#2
M A Arias-García, D Tapia, J A Laville, V M Calderón, Y Ramiro-Cortés, J Bargas, E Galarraga
Synaptic inputs from cortex and thalamus were compared in electrophysiologically defined striatal cell classes: direct and indirect pathways' striatal projection neurons (dSPNs and iSPNs), fast-spiking interneurons (FS), cholinergic interneurons (ChINs), and low-threshold spiking-like (LTS-like) interneurons. Our purpose was to observe whether stimulus from cortex or thalamus had equivalent synaptic strength to evoke prolonged suprathreshold synaptic responses in these neuron classes. Subthreshold responses showed that inputs from either source functionally mix up in their dendrites at similar electrotonic distances from their somata...
November 3, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987889/hormonal-therapeutic-strategy-on-the-induction-of-accessory-corpora-lutea-in-relation-to-follicle-size-and-on-the-increase-of-progesterone-in-sheep
#3
J Fernandez, M M Bruno-Galarraga, A T Soto, R L de la Sota, M I Cueto, I M Lacau, A E Gibbons
We determined the effect of GnRH or hCG treatment on day 4 post-time artificial insemination (FTAI) on the formation of accessory corpora lutea (acc-CL) and on the concentration of serum progesterone (P4) in sheep. Multiparous adult Merino ewes (n = 36) were synchronized for estrus using double injection of PGF2α agonist (125 μg Cloprostenol) with an interval of 14 days. At 53-56 h after the second PG application, FTAI was performed. On day 4 post FTAI, ewes were either treated with analogue of GnRH (4 μg buserelin; n = 12) or hCG (300 IU, hCG; n = 12) or saline solution (1 ml; Control; n = 12)...
January 1, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815325/stumbling-blocks-at-the-clinic-experiences-of-seeking-hiv-treatment-and-care-in-south-africa
#4
Brendan Maughan-Brown, Caroline Kuo, Omar Galárraga, Philip Smith, Mark N Lurie, Linda-Gail Bekker, Abigail Harrison
Prompt antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation maximises the therapeutic and prevention benefits of a treat-all strategy for HIV therapy. Using in-depth semi-structured interviews with men and women 18 years and older (N = 41), who were highly motivated and seeking treatment, this study examined salient factors that were associated with delays in treatment access and initiation. Results revealed clinic-related barriers including an onerous, inefficient multi-step process to initiate ART. Participants experienced additional delays due to difficulties accessing care (e...
August 16, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765656/-comparison-of-clinical-features-and-diagnosis-between-the-a-and-b-subgroups-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus
#5
N Viguria Sánchez, L Moreno-Galarraga, A Navascués Ortega, C Ezpeleta Baquedano, A González-Benavides, M Mendizabal Diez, E Bernaola Iturbe, J Castilla Catalán
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory tract infection by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most frequent cause of admission in children under 2 years old. The RSV subgroups A and B may circulate simultaneously. We aimed to determine whether clinical differences exist between RSV subgroups A and B. Additionally, we tested the sensitivity of the rapid antigen detection test (RADT) based on immunochromatography in diagnosing subgroups A and B, taking the polymerase chain reaction assay (RT-PCR) as reference...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630651/improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-resource-limited-settings-at-scale-a-discussion-of-interventions-and-recommendations
#6
Jessica E Haberer, Lora Sabin, K Rivet Amico, Catherine Orrell, Omar Galárraga, Alexander C Tsai, Rachel C Vreeman, Ira Wilson, Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Terrence F Blaschke, Bernard Vrijens, Claude A Mellins, Robert H Remien, Sheri D Weiser, Elizabeth Lowenthal, Michael J Stirratt, Papa Salif Sow, Bruce Thomas, Nathan Ford, Edward Mills, Richard Lester, Jean B Nachega, Bosco Mwebesa Bwana, Fred Ssewamala, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Paula Munderi, Elvin Geng, David R Bangsberg
Introduction: Successful population-level antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence will be necessary to realize both the clinical and prevention benefits of antiretroviral scale-up and, ultimately, the end of AIDS. Although many people living with HIV are adhering well, others struggle and most are likely to experience challenges in adherence that may threaten virologic suppression at some point during lifelong therapy. Despite the importance of ART adherence, supportive interventions have generally not been implemented at scale...
2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410917/the-relative-contribution-of-provider-and-ed-level-factors-to-variation-among-the-top-15-reasons-for-ed-admission
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Imad Khojah, Suhui Li, Qian Luo, Griffin Davis, Jessica E Galarraga, Michael Granovsky, Ori Litvak, Samuel Davis, Robert Shesser, Jesse M Pines
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We examine adult emergency department (ED) admission rates for the top 15 most frequently admitted conditions, and assess the relative contribution in admission rate variation attributable to the provider and hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study of ED encounters (≥18years) from 19 EDs and 603 providers (January 2012-December 2013), linked to the Area Health Resources File for county-level information on healthcare resources...
September 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364569/improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-resource-limited-settings-at-scale-a-discussion-of-interventions-and-recommendations
#8
Jessica E Haberer, Lora Sabin, K Rivet Amico, Catherine Orrell, Omar Galárraga, Alexander C Tsai, Rachel C Vreeman, Ira Wilson, Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Terrence F Blaschke, Bernard Vrijens, Claude A Mellins, Robert H Remien, Sheri D Weiser, Elizabeth Lowenthal, Michael J Stirratt, Papa Salif Sow, Bruce Thomas, Nathan Ford, Edward Mills, Richard Lester, Jean B Nachega, Bosco Mwebesa Bwana, Fred Ssewamala, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Paula Munderi, Elvin Geng, David R Bangsberg
INTRODUCTION: Successful population-level antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence will be necessary to realize both the clinical and prevention benefits of antiretroviral scale-up and, ultimately, the end of AIDS. Although many people living with HIV are adhering well, others struggle and most are likely to experience challenges in adherence that may threaten virologic suppression at some point during lifelong therapy. Despite the importance of ART adherence, supportive interventions have generally not been implemented at scale...
March 22, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351364/task-shifting-alcohol-interventions-for-hiv-persons-in-kenya-a-cost-benefit-analysis
#9
Omar Galárraga, Burke Gao, Benson N Gakinya, Debra A Klein, Richard G Wamai, John E Sidle, Rebecca K Papas
BACKGROUND: Among HIV+ patients, alcohol use is a highly prevalent risk factor for both HIV transmission and poor adherence to HIV treatment. The large-scale implementation of effective interventions for treating alcohol problems remains a challenge in low-income countries with generalized HIV epidemics. It is essential to consider an intervention's cost-effectiveness in dollars-per-health-outcome, and the long-term economic impact -or "return on investment" in monetary terms. METHODS: We conducted a cost-benefit analysis, measuring economic return on investment, of a task-shifted cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention delivered by paraprofessionals to reduce alcohol use in a modeled cohort of 13,440 outpatients in Kenya...
March 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263451/inhibition-of-multi-species-oral-biofilm-by-bromide-doped-bioactive-glass
#10
M E Galarraga-Vinueza, B Passoni, C A M Benfatti, J Mesquita-Guimarães, B Henriques, R S Magini, M C Fredel, B V Meerbeek, W Teughels, J C M Souza
Bioactive glass is an attractive biomaterial that has shown excellent osteogenic and angiogenic effects for oral bone repairing procedures. However, anti-biofilm potential related to such biomaterial has not been completely validated, mainly against multi-species biofilms involved in early tissue infections. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anti-biofilm effect of 58 S bioactive glass embedding calcium bromide compounds at different concentrations. Bioactive glass free or containing 5, or 10 wt % CaBr2 was synthesized by alkali sol-gel method and then characterized by physco-chemical analyses and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185745/how-ed-admission-decisions-differ-when-the-same-physician-works-in-two-different-emergency-department
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jesse M Pines, Jessica E Galarraga, Michael Granvosky, Ori Litvak, Samuel Davis, Leah Honigman Warner
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Emergency physicians often work in multiple hospital emergency departments (EDs). We study how emergency physician admission decisions vary in different settings. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional study over two years (2012-3) in six EDs in three states. Included physicians had ≥200 encounters per site in two different EDs. "Admissions" were ED encounters resulting in admission to the hospital or transfer to another hospital...
July 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750384/anti-biofilm-properties-of-bioactive-glasses-embedding-organic-active-compounds
#12
REVIEW
M E Galarraga-Vinueza, J Mesquita-Guimarães, R S Magini, J C M Souza, M C Fredel, A R Boccaccini
Bioactive glasses (BGs) are promising materials for bone repair due to their desirable properties such as osteoconductivity, biodegradability, angiogenic potential, and antibacterial activity. Ionic dissolution products from bioactive glasses increase the medium pH inhibiting surrounding bacteria proliferation. The activity of BGs against biofilm formation has been enhanced by incorporating organic antibacterial compounds. The aim of this review was to summarize evidence in literature which assesses the efficacy of antibacterial and anti-biofilm compounds embedded in bioactive glasses to prevent peri-implant infection during bone healing...
February 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492142/chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-burden-in-rhode-island-modelling-treatment-scale-up-and-elimination
#13
A I Soipe, H Razavi, D Razavi-Shearer, O Galárraga, L E Taylor, B D L Marshall
We utilized a disease progression model to predict the number of viraemic infections, cirrhotic cases, and liver-related deaths in the state of Rhode Island (RI) under four treatment scenarios: (1) current HCV treatment paradigm (about 215 patients treated annually, Medicaid reimbursement criteria fibrosis stage ⩾F3); (2) immediate scale-up of treatment (to 430 annually) and less restrictive Medicaid reimbursement criteria (fibrosis stage ⩾F2); (3) immediate treatment scale-up and no fibrosis stage-specific Medicaid reimbursement criteria (⩾F0); (4) an 'elimination' scenario (i...
August 5, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142650/early-markers-of-atherosclerotic-disease-in-individuals-with-excess-weight-and-dyslipidemia
#14
Eduardo Menti, Denise Zaffari, Thais Galarraga, João Regis da Conceição E Lessa, Bruna Pontin, Lucia Campos Pellanda, Vera Lúcia Portal
BACKGROUND: Excessive weight is a cardiovascular risk factor since it generates a chronic inflammatory process that aggravates the endothelial function. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the endothelial function in individuals with excess weight and mild dyslipidemia using brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (BAFMD), and the association of endothelial function with anthropometric and biochemical variables. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that included 74 individuals and evaluated anthropometric variables (body mass index [BMI], waist-hip ratio [WHR], waist circumference [AC], and percentage of body fat [PBF]), biochemical (blood glucose, insulinemia, ultrasensitive C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL-cholesterol) and endothelial function (BAFMD, evaluated by ultrasound)...
June 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26837427/estimating-the-effect-of-health-insurance-on-personal-prescription-drug-importation
#15
Andrew R Zullo, Chanelle J Howe, Omar Galárraga
Personal prescription drug importation occurs in the United States because of the high cost of U.S. medicines and lower cost of foreign equivalents. Importation carries a risk of exposure to counterfeit (i.e., falsified, fraudulent), adulterated, and substandard drugs. Inadequate health insurance may increase the risk of importation. We use inverse probability weighted marginal structural models and data on 87,494 individuals from the 2011-2013 National Health Interview Survey to estimate the marginal association between no health insurance and importation within U...
February 2, 2016: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26763823/costs-of-ed-episodes-of-care-in-the-united-states
#16
Jessica E Galarraga, Jesse M Pines
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) care is a focus of cost reduction efforts. Costs for acute care originating in the ED, including outpatient and inpatient encounters (i.e. ED episodes), have not been estimated. OBJECTIVE: We estimate total US costs of ED episodes, potentially avoidable costs, and proportional costs of national health expenditures (NHEs). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of 2010 data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, and the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's Nationwide Inpatient Sample...
March 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26237083/predicting-postoperative-knee-flexion-during-gait-of-cerebral-palsy-children
#17
O A Galarraga C, V Vigneron, B Dorizzi, N Khouri, E Desailly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25930083/a-qualitative-study-of-medical-mistrust-perceived-discrimination-and-risk-behavior-disclosure-to-clinicians-by-u-s-male-sex-workers-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-implications-for-biomedical-hiv-prevention
#18
Kristen Underhill, Kathleen M Morrow, Christopher Colleran, Richard Holcomb, Sarah K Calabrese, Don Operario, Omar Galárraga, Kenneth H Mayer
Access to biomedical HIV prevention technologies such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) requires individuals to disclose risk behavior to clinicians, but experiences of discrimination and medical mistrust may limit disclosure among male sex workers and other MSM. We explored experiences of perceived discrimination, medical mistrust, and behavior disclosure among male sex workers compared to other men who have sex with men (MSM). We conducted 56 interviews with MSM and compared findings about medical mistrust, discrimination, and disclosure for 31 men who engaged in sex work vs...
August 2015: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25392165/muscarinic-presynaptic-modulation-in-gabaergic-pallidal-synapses-of-the-rat
#19
Ricardo Hernández-Martínez, José J Aceves, Pavel E Rueda-Orozco, Teresa Hernández-Flores, Omar Hernández-González, Dagoberto Tapia, Elvira Galarraga, José Bargas
The external globus pallidus (GPe) is central for basal ganglia processing. It expresses muscarinic cholinergic receptors and receives cholinergic afferents from the pedunculopontine nuclei (PPN) and other regions. The role of these receptors and afferents is unknown. Muscarinic M1-type receptors are expressed by synapses from striatal projection neurons (SPNs). Because axons from SPNs project to the GPe, one hypothesis is that striatopallidal GABAergic terminals may be modulated by M1 receptors. Alternatively, some M1 receptors may be postsynaptic in some pallidal neurons...
February 1, 2015: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25094673/towards-e-health-device-interoperability-the-spanish-experience-in-the-telemedicine-research-network
#20
P de Toledo, M Galarraga, I Martinez, L Serrano, J Fernandez, F Del Pozo
The expansion of e-Health solutions is hindered by the high costs and low flexibility of home and mobile telemonitoring systems. This situation may be improved by the use of standards to design open, plug-and-play and interoperable devices. This work describes the joint efforts of three research groups in Spain towards the interoperability of their telemonitoring solutions based on the ISO11073/IEEE1073 family of standards.
August 2006: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
keyword
keyword
31608
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"