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Atsushi Kiba, Kouji Banno, Megumi Yanokura, Mari Asada, Yusuke Nakayama, Daisuke Aoki, Tatsuya Watanabe
AIM: Micro ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) play an important pathological role in endometriosis. Leuprolide acetate, an analog of gonadotropin-releasing hormone, is widely used to treat endometriosis; however, the molecular mechanisms involved in endometriotic tissue regression remain unclear. We performed miRNA expression profiling of clinical ovarian endometrioma to obtain insight into the effects of leuprolide acetate treatment. METHODS: We obtained clinical samples from nine normal eutopic endometrium, eight ovarian endometriotic, and 12 leuprolide acetate-treated endometriotic tissues...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Zhaowu Ma, Teng Liu, Wei Huang, Hui Liu, Hong-Mei Zhang, Qiubai Li, Zhichao Chen, An-Yuan Guo
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNAs with functions of posttranscriptional regulation. The abnormally expressed miRNAs have been shown to be crucial contributors and may serve as biomarkers in many diseases. However, determining the biological function of miRNAs is an ongoing challenge. By combining miRNA targets prediction, miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in TCGA cancers, and pathway data, we performed a miRNA-pathway regulation inference by Fisher's exact test for enrichment analysis. Then we constructed a database to show the cancer related miRNA-pathway regulatory network (http://bioinfo...
September 24, 2016: Oncotarget
Joanna Trelinska, Wojciech Fendler, Iwona Dachowska, Katarzyna Kotulska, Sergiusz Jozwiak, Karolina Antosik, Piotr Gnys, Maciej Borowiec, Wojciech Mlynarski
BACKGROUND: Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is a monogenic disease resulting from defects of the TSC1 or TSC2 genes, which encode the proteins forming hamartin-tuberin tumor suppressor complex, the mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTOR). The mTOR pathway is constitutively activated in response to tuberin or hamartin defects. The mTOR pathway is also regulated by a multitude of epigenetic mechanisms, one of which is regulation by microRNA (miRNA) inhibition. This leads us to hypothesize that organ-level abnormalities of miRNA expression patterns are widespread in TSC...
September 29, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
F X Donadeu, B T Mohammed, J Ioannidis
In a previous microarray study, we identified a subset of micro RNAS (miRNAs), which expression was distinctly higher in atretic than healthy follicles of cattle. In the present study, we investigated the involvement of those miRNAs in granulosa and theca cells during atresia. Reverse Transcription-quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) confirmed that miR-21-5p/-3p, miR-150, miR-409a, miR-142-5p, miR-378, miR-222, miR-155, and miR-199a-5p were expressed at higher levels in atretic than healthy follicles (9-17 mm, classified based on steroidogenic capacity)...
August 13, 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Marta Cosín-Tomás, Anna Antonell, Albert Lladó, Daniel Alcolea, Juan Fortea, Mario Ezquerra, Albert Lleó, Maria José Martí, Mercè Pallàs, Raquel Sanchez-Valle, José Luís Molinuevo, Coral Sanfeliu, Perla Kaliman
Plasma microRNAs (miRNAs) have been proposed as potential biomarkers in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we explored their use as early sensors of the preclinical phase of the disease, when brain pathology is being developed and no cognitive loss is detected. For this purpose, we analyzed a set of ten mature plasma miRNAs in symptomatic patients with AD from a cohort that also included healthy controls (HC) and patients with preclinical Alzheimer's disease (PAD) (cohort 1). Plasmas from subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD) were used to control for disease specificity...
September 8, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Gianguido Cossellu, Valeria Motta, Laura Dioni, Laura Angelici, Luisella Vigna, Giampietro Farronato, Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Valentina Bollati
OBJECTIVES: In this study on 90 individuals we aimed at evaluating the microRNAs (miRNAs) expression profile associated with personal levels of Titanium (Ti) and Zirconium (Zr) traced in hair samples. Ti and Zr materials are broadly used for dental implants but the biological reactions triggered by a long term presence of these materials in the oral cavity still need to be assessed. MiRNAs are mechanisms that need to be investigated as they play a fundamental role in the control of gene expression following external stimuli and contribute to a wide range of pathophysiological processes...
2016: PloS One
Susumu Muroya, Masahiro Shibata, Masayuki Hayashi, Mika Oe, Koichi Ojima
We aimed to understand the roles of miRNAs in the muscle tissue maturation and those of circulating microRNAs (c-miRNAs) in beef production of Japanese Black (JB) cattle (Wagyu), a breed with genetically background of superior intermuscular fat depot, by comparing different feeding conditions (indoor grain-feeding vs. grazing on pasture). The cattle at 18 months old were assigned to pasture feeding or conventional indoor grain feeding conditions for 5 months. Microarray analysis of c-miRNAs from the plasma extracellular vesicles led to the detection of a total of 202 bovine miRNAs in the plasma, including 15 miRNAs that differed between the feeding conditions...
2016: PloS One
Afsar Raza Naqvi, Jezrom B Fordham, Balaji Ganesh, Salvador Nares
Antigen uptake, processing and presentation by antigen presenting cells (APCs) are tightly coupled processes which consequently lead to the activation of innate and adaptive immune responses. However, the regulatory role of microRNA (miRNAs) in these critical pathways is poorly understood. In this study, we show that overexpression of miR-24, miR-30b and miR-142-3p attenuates uptake and processing of soluble antigen ovalbumin (Ova) in primary human macrophages and dendritic cells. MiRNA mimic transfected APCs exhibit defects in antigen presentation (Ova and CMV antigen) to CD4+ T-cells leading to reduced cell proliferation...
2016: Scientific Reports
Eishika Dissanayake, Yuzaburo Inoue
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, single-stranded, non-coding RNAs that are increasingly being recognized as important epigenetic regulators. They have been implicated in the pathogenesis of many diseases including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, connective tissue diseases, and neuromuscular disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: A few miRNAs have already been recognized as a core set of miRNAs important in allergic inflammation. These include let-7, miR-21, miR-142, and miR-146...
September 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
Katherine A Sanders, Miles C Benton, Rod A Lea, Vicki E Maltby, Susan Agland, Nathan Griffin, Rodney J Scott, Lotti Tajouri, Jeannette Lechner-Scott
BACKGROUND: Immunoactivation is less evident in secondary progressive MS (SPMS) compared to relapsing-remitting disease. MicroRNA (miRNA) expression is integral to the regulation of gene expression; determining their impact on immune-related cell functions, especially CD4+ T cells, during disease progression will advance our understanding of MS pathophysiology. This study aimed to compare miRNA profiles of CD4+ T cells from SPMS patients to healthy controls (HC) using whole miRNA transcriptome next-generation sequencing (NGS)...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
Qian-Jie Tang, Hao-Ming Lin, Guo-Dong He, Ju-E Liu, Hong Wu, Xin-Xin Li, Wan-Ping Zhong, Lan Tang, Jin-Xiu Meng, Meng-Zhen Zhang, Han-Ping Li, Ji-Yan Chen, Shi-Long Zhong, Lai-You Wang
AIM: To investigate whether plasma miRNAs targeting CYP3A4/5 have an impact on the variance of pharmacokinetics of clopidogrel. MATERIALS & METHODS: The contribution of 13 miRNAs to the CYP3A4/5 gene expression and activity was investigated in 55 liver tissues. The association between plasma miRNAs targeting CYP3A4/5 mRNA and clopidogrel pharmacokinetics was analyzed in 31 patients with coronary heart disease who received 300 mg loading dose of clopidogrel. RESULTS: Among 13 miRNAs, miR-142 was accounting for 12...
September 2016: Pharmacogenomics
Xiaonan Qiu, Haixia Zhu, Sang Liu, Guoquan Tao, Jing Jin, Haiyan Chu, Meilin Wang, Na Tong, Weida Gong, Qinghong Zhao, Fulin Qiang, Zhengdong Zhang
BACKGROUND: In our previous study, we demonstrated that four microRNAs (miRNAs) (miR-26a, miR-142-3p, miR-148a, and miR-195) which were down-regulated in both plasma and tumor tissues were confirmed to be promising non-invasive diagnostic biomarkers for gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: We used the quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) to assess the expression levels of the four miRNAs from paraffin-embedded surgical specimens of GC patients...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dong Pan, Yarong Du, Zhenxin Ren, Yaxiong Chen, Xiaoman Li, Jufang Wang, Burong Hu
Radiation-induced genomic instability plays a vital role in carcinogenesis. Bod1 is required for proper chromosome biorientation, and Bod1 depletion increases premature chromatid separation. MiR-142-3p influences cell cycle progression and inhibits proliferation and invasion in cervical carcinoma cells. We found that radiation induced premature chromatid separation and altered miR-142-3p and Bod1 expression in 786-O and A549 cells. Overexpression of miR-142-3p increased premature chromatid separation and G2/M cell cycle arrest in 786-O cells by suppressing Bod1 expression...
August 5, 2016: Oncotarget
Arpad Palfi, Karsten Hokamp, Stefanie M Hauck, Sebastian Vencken, Sophia Millington-Ward, Naomi Chadderton, Mathew Carrigan, Elod Kortvely, Catherine M Greene, Paul F Kenna, G Jane Farrar
miRNA dysregulation is a hallmark of many neurodegenerative disorders, including those involving the retina. Up-regulation of miR-1/133 and miR-142, and down-regulation of miR-183/96/182 has been described in the RHO-P347S mouse retina, a model for a common form of inherited blindness. High-throughput LC-MS/MS was employed to analyse the protein expression of predicted targets for these miRNAs in RHO-P347S mouse retinas; 133 potential target genes were identified. Pathway over-representation analysis suggests G-protein signaling/visual transduction, and synaptic transmission for miR-1, and transmembrane transport, cell-adhesion, signal transduction and apoptosis for miR-183/96/182 as regulated functions in retina...
2016: Scientific Reports
Sepideh Zununi Vahed, Yadollah Omidi, Mohammadreza Ardalan, Nasser Samadi
OBJECTIVE: microRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous gene expression regulators that are involved in renal function and physiopathology, making them potential biomarkers in the realm of transplantation. Here, we aimed to evaluate urinary miRNA expression levels and assess their possible values in the prospective evaluation of renal allograft function. DESIGN AND METHODS: The expression levels of four miRNAs involved in renal fibrosis were quantified in urine cell pellets of 47 kidney recipients (with stable allograft function (SGF) and biopsy proven interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy; IFTA) and 15 healthy controls by real-time quantitative-PCR (RT-qPCR)...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
Petra Vychytilova-Faltejskova, Lenka Radova, Milana Sachlova, Zdenka Kosarova, Katerina Slaba, Pavel Fabian, Tomas Grolich, Vladimir Prochazka, Zdenek Kala, Marek Svoboda, Igor Kiss, Rostislav Vyzula, Ondrej Slaby
Early detection of colorectal cancer is the main prerequisite for successful treatment and reduction of mortality. Circulating microRNAs were previously identified as promising diagnostic, prognostic and predictive biomarkers. The purpose of this study was to identify serum microRNAs enabling early diagnosis and prognosis prediction of colon cancer. In total, serum samples from 427 colon cancer patients and 276 healthy donors were included in three-phase biomarker study. Large-scale microRNA expression profiling was performed using Illumina small RNA sequencing...
October 2016: Carcinogenesis
Afsar Raza Naqvi, Jezrom B Fordham, Salvador Nares
Phagocytosis commences with particle internalization and culminates with the activation of innate and adaptive immune responses. However, the role of miRNAs in phagocytosis remains largely unknown. In this study, we examined the role of miR-24, miR-30b and miR-142-3p in Ab Fc receptor (FcR)-mediated phagocytosis by macrophages (MΦ) and dendritic cells (DC). The expression of these miRNAs was reduced following phagocytosis of both IgG-opsonized beads and Escherichia coli, indicating their regulatory role in the process...
October 2016: Innate Immunity
Xiuqin Wang, Yanqing Guo, Chunyan Wang, Hong Yu, Xiuxiang Yu, Hongbo Yu
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease characterized by articular cartilage degradation and joint inflammation in which microRNAs are significantly involved. Previous studies have reported that miR-142-3p is a novel mediator of inflammatory signaling pathways, but whether miR-142-3p regulates OA remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of miR-142-3p in OA and the underlying molecular mechanism. We showed that miR-142-3p was significantly reduced in the articular cartilage tissues from experimental OA mice...
October 2016: Inflammation
Gerhard Schmalz, Simin Li, Ralph Burkhardt, Sven Rinke, Felix Krause, Rainer Haak, Dirk Ziebolz
The aim of this review is to discuss current findings regarding the roles of miRNAs in periodontal diseases and the potential use of saliva as a diagnostic medium for corresponding miRNA investigations. For periodontal disease, investigations have been restricted to tissue samples and five miRNAs, that is, miR-142-3p, miR-146a, miR-155, miR-203, and miR-223, were repeatedly validated in vivo and in vitro by different validation methods. Particularly noticeable are the small sample sizes, different internal controls, and different case definitions of periodontitis in in vivo studies...
2016: BioMed Research International
Sandra Mara Burin, Maria Gabriela Berzoti-Coelho, Juçara Gastaldi Cominal, Luciana Ambrosio, Maria Regina Torqueti, Suely Vilela Sampaio, Fabíola Attié de Castro
Anti-apoptotic genes and apoptomiRs deregulated expression contribute to apoptosis resistance in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) Bcr-Abl(+) cells. Here, the L-amino acid oxidase from Calloselasma rhodostoma (CR-LAAO) venom altered the apoptotic machinery regulation by modulating the expression of the miR-145, miR-26a, miR-142-3p, miR-21, miR-130a, and miR-146a, and of the apoptosis-related proteins Bid, Bim, Bcl-2, Ciap-2, c-Flip, and Mcl-1 in Bcr-Abl(+) cells. CR-LAAO is a potential tool to instigate apoptomiRs regulation that contributes to drive CML therapy...
September 15, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
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