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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344110/anti-interleukin-and-interleukin-therapies-for-psoriasis-current-evidence-and-clinical-usefulness
#1
REVIEW
Ya-Chu Tsai, Tsen-Fang Tsai
Anti-interleukin (IL) therapies have emerged as a major treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. This article reviews the up-to-date results of pivotal clinical trials targeting the interleukins used for the treatment of psoriasis, including IL-1, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-17, IL-20, IL-22, IL-23, IL-36 and bispecific biologics IL-17A/tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Cytokines involved in the circuits of psoriasis inflammation without ongoing clinical trials are also mentioned (IL-9, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-18, IL-19, IL-21, IL-24, IL-27, IL-33, IL-35, IL-37, and IL-38)...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343013/-the-plasma-level-and-gene-expression-in-peripheral-blood-of-interleukin-35-in-patients-with-sarcoidosis-and-its-clinical-significance
#2
X Y Song, H Huang, Y Z Liu, S Li, Y Y Zhao, Z J Xu
Objective: To investigate the expression of interleukin(IL)-35 protein and gene in peripheral blood of patients with sarcoidosis and its clinical significance. Methods: Peripheral blood samples from 98 patients with sarcoidosis and 98 healthy volunteers were collected at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2016 and March 2017. The plasma levels of IL-35 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), and the relationship between IL-35 and the clinical characteristics was analyzed...
January 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338157/imbalance-of-th17-treg-in-the-pathogenesis-of-mice-with-paraquat-induced-acute-lung-injury
#3
Xia Yang, Jing-Hong Zhang, Jian-Feng Zhang, Hua Lin, Wei Chen, Li Xiang, Chao-Qian Li
Recent studies suggest that imbalances in the ratios of CD4+ T helper cell subsets, T helper-17 (Th17) and regulatory T (Treg) cells play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI). However, studies of the imbalance of Th17/Treg in paraquat (PQ)-induced ALI have not been reported. Therefore, we investigated whether the ratio of Th17/Treg cells in a mouse model of PQ-induced ALI contributes to pathogenesis of ALI. Male Kunming mice were randomly treated with saline (control group) or PQ (PQ-poisoned (PQP) group); mice were sacrificed at either 12 hours (PQP-12h) or 24 hours (PQP-24h and control) post-treatment...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333103/interleukin-35-level-is-elevated-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#4
Sheng-Tao Cheng, Ding Yuan, Yi Liu, Ying Huang, Xiang Chen, Hai-Bo Yu, Lin He, Hui Jiang, Ji-Hua Ren, Juan Chen
Backgrounds: As one of the major public health problems, the hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection would activate the immune system. The outcome of HBV infection was affect significantly by the interactions between HBV and host immune response. Interleukins play important role in anti-viral immunity. Here we investigated the role of interleukin-35 (IL-35) in chronic HBV infection patients. Methods/Results: Serum IL-35 in 72 chronic hepatitis B virus infection patients and 41 healthy control subjects were analyzed by ELISA assay...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324262/altered-regulatory-cytokine-profiles-in-cases-of-pediatric-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#5
Ruyan Fan, Bo Wen, Wenpei Liu, Jian Zhang, Chan Liu, Chuping Fan, Xiaowang Qu
OBJECTIVES: Regulatory cytokines are associated with viral infection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relation between serum regulatory cytokines concentrations and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease. METHODS: We enrolled 325 children aged < 24 months who were diagnosed with acute respiratory tract infection. Twenty age-matched healthy children were enrolled as controls. Nasopharyngeal swabs were analyzed to identify virus by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and blood samples were taken to quantify the regulatory cytokine concentrations, including interleukin (IL)-35, IL-10 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 using the Bio-Plex immunoassay or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
January 8, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323337/regulatory-t-cells-as-a-new-therapeutic-target-for-atherosclerosis
#6
REVIEW
Han-Xiao Ou, Bing-Bing Guo, Qi Liu, Yu-Kun Li, Zhen Yang, Wen-Jie Feng, Zhong-Cheng Mo
Atherosclerosis is an autoimmune disease caused by self- and non-self-antigens contributing to excessive activation of T and B cell immune responses. These responses further aggravate vascular inflammation and promote progression of atherosclerosis and vulnerability to plaques via releasing pro-inflammatory cytokines. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) as the major immunoregulatory cells, in particular, induce and maintain immune homeostasis and tolerance by suppressing the immune responses of various cells such as T and B cells, natural killer (NK) cells, monocytes, and dendritic cells (DCs), as well as by secreting inhibitory cytokines interleukin (IL)-10, IL-35 and transcription growth factor β (TGF-β) in both physiological and pathological states...
January 11, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285099/il-35-may-maintain-homeostasis-of-the-immune-microenvironment-in-periodontitis
#7
Ying Jin, Dixin Liu, Xiaoping Lin
T lymphocyte cells, including regulatory T (Treg) and T helper 17 cells, have important roles in the human periodontium. However, the basis for Treg cytokine expression in various compartments of the periodontium remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of interleukin (IL)-35 in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and periodontal tissues of patients with chronic periodontitis (CP), with a view to understanding its role in this disease, and ultimately providing improved treatments...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247146/synoviocytes-derived-interleukin-35-potentiates-b-cell-response-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Ngar-Woon Kam, Dehua Liu, Zhe Cai, Wah-Yan Mak, Chun-Kwok Wong, Kwok-Hing Chiu, Kam-Yiu Wong, Wai-Leuk Tsang, Lai-Shan Tam
OBJECTIVE: Elevated expression of interleukin 35 (IL-35) is associated with autoimmune disease, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The present study was undertaken to determine the functional interaction among IL-35, B cells, and stromal cells residing in the synovium of patients with RA and osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: IL-35 (EBI-3/p35) expression was investigated in RA and OA synovium using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry. IL-35 receptor (IL-35R) expression on B cells dissociated from synovium and periphery of patients with RA, OA, and healthy donor controls (HC) was determined by flow cytometry...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236782/interleukin-35-mitigates-the-function-of-murine-transplanted-islet-cells-via-regulation-of-treg-th17-ratio
#9
Yin Zongyi, Zou Funian, Li Hao, Wang Xin, Cheng Ying, Zhang Jialin, Liu Yongfeng, Li Baifeng
Pancreatic islet transplantation is a promising treatment for type 1 diabetes (T1D). Interleukin-35 (IL-35) is a recently discovered cytokine that exhibits potent immunosuppressive functions. However, the role of IL-35 in islet transplant rejection remains to be elucidated. In this study, we isolated islet cells of BALB/c mouse and purified CD4+ T cell subsets of a C57BL/6 mouse. The model for islet transplantation was established in vitro by co-culture of the islet cells and CD4+ T cells. IL-35 (20 ng/ml) was administered every other day...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223294/glucocorticoid-hormone-treatment-enhances-the-cytokine-production-of-regulatory-t-cells-by-upregulation-of-foxp3-expression
#10
Emese Ugor, Lilla Prenek, Ramóna Pap, Gergely Berta, Dávid Ernszt, József Najbauer, Péter Németh, Ferenc Boldizsár, Tímea Berki
OBJECTIVE: Despite the fact that glucocorticoids (GC) are important therapeutic tools, their effects on regulatory T cells (Treg) are not well defined. The aim of our work was to investigate how GCs influence in vivo the thymic (tTreg) and peripheral Treg (pTreg) differentiation, survival and cytokine production. METHODS: Tregs were detected with flow cytometry in lymphatic organs of 4-6 weeks old BALB/c mice after repeated (2-4days), high-dose in vivo GC treatment using CD4/CD25 cell surface and Foxp3/IL-10/TGFβ/glucocorticoid receptor (GR) intracellular staining...
October 6, 2017: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193791/il-35-recombinant-protein-reverses-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-psoriasis-through-regulation-of-inflammatory-cytokines-and-immune-cells
#11
Yuan Wang, Ying Mao, Junfeng Zhang, Gang Shi, Lin Cheng, Yi Lin, Yiming Li, Xiaomei Zhang, Yujing Zhang, Xiaolei Chen, Jie Deng, Xiaolan Su, Lei Dai, Yang Yang, Shuang Zhang, Dechao Yu, Yuquan Wei, Hongxin Deng
Interleukin-35 (IL-35), a member of the IL-12 family, functions as a new anti-inflammatory factor involved in arthritis, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and other immune diseases. Although IL-35 can significantly prevent the development of inflammation in many diseases, there have been no early studies accounting for the role of IL-35 recombinant protein in IBD and psoriasis. In this study, we assessed the therapeutic potential of IL-35 recombinant protein in three well-known mouse models: the dextransulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis mouse model, the keratin14 (K14)-vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A)-transgenic (Tg) psoriasis mouse model and the imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis mouse model...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185463/il-27-but-not-il-35-inhibits-neuroinflammation-through-modulating-gm-csf-expression
#12
Giacomo Casella, Annamaria Finardi, Hélène Descamps, Federico Colombo, Chiara Maiorino, Francesca Ruffini, Marco Patrone, Massimo Degano, Gianvito Martino, Luca Muzio, Burkhard Becher, Roberto Furlan
IL-27 and IL-35 are heterodimeric cytokines, members of the IL-12 family and considered to have immunomodulatory properties. Their role during neuroinflammation had been investigated using mutant mice devoid of either one of their subunits or lacking components of their receptors, yielding conflicting results. We sought to understand the therapeutic potential of IL-27 and IL-35 delivered by gene therapy in neuroinflammation. We constructed lentiviral vectors expressing IL-27 and IL-35 from a single polypeptide chain, and we validated in vitro their biological activity...
November 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182623/immunotherapeutic-efficacy-of-liposome-encapsulated-refined-allergen-vaccines-against-dermatophagoides-pteronyssinus-allergy
#13
Urai Chaisri, Anchalee Tungtrongchitr, Nitaya Indrawattana, Panisara Meechan, Watchara Phurttikul, Natt Tasaniyananda, Nawannaporn Saelim, Wanpen Chaicumpa, Nitat Sookrung
Allergen specific immunotherapy (AIT) can modulate the allergic response causing a long-term symptom subsidence/abolishment which leads to reduced drug use and prevention of new sensitization. AIT of house dust mite allergy (HDM) using the mite crude extract (CE) as the therapeutic agent is not only less effective than the AIT for many other allergens, but also frequently causes adverse effects during the treatment course. In this study, mouse model of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp) allergy was invented for testing therapeutic efficacies of intranasally administered liposome (L) encapsulated vaccines made of single Dp major allergens (L-Der p 1, L-Der p 2), combined allergens (L-Der p 1 and Der p 2), and crude Dp extract (L-CE)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181338/interleukin-35-suppresses-antiviral-immune-response-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#14
Xue Shao, Jingting Ma, Shengnan Jia, Lanlan Yang, Wudong Wang, Zhenjing Jin
The mechanisms of hepatitis B virus (HBV) persistent infection are not completely understood. Interleukin (IL)-35, which is a newly identified cytokine belongs to IL-12 family, has been demonstrated to induce immunotolerance. Thus, the aim of current study was to investigate the role of IL-35 during chronic HBV infection. A total of 61 patients with chronic HBV infection [37 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and 24 asymptomatic HBV carriers (ASC)] and 20 healthy individuals were enrolled. IL-35 concentration as well as the modulatory function of IL-35 on CD4+CD25+CD127dim/- regulatory T cells (Tregs) and on HBV antigen-specific CD8+ T cells was investigated...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172969/interleukin-35-modulates-the-imbalance-between-regulatory-t-cells-and-t-helper-17-cells-in-enterovirus-71-induced-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#15
Qian Huang, Yanhua Wang, Changyun Si, De'an Zhao, Yanping Wang, Yuxiu Duan
Interleukin (IL)-35 modulates the imbalance between regulatory T cells (Tregs) and T helper (Th) 17 cells, which played vital roles in the pathogenesis of autoimmune and infectious diseases. However, the role of Tregs/Th17 cell imbalance and the regulatory functions of IL-35 have remained largely unknown in enterovirus 71 (EV71)-induced hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). In this study, a total of 47 HFMD patients (30 with mild HFMD and 17 with severe HFMD) and 13 healthy individuals were enrolled. The frequencies of CD4+CD25+CD127dim/- Tregs and CD4+IL-17+ Th17 cells, as well as IL-35 expression levels, were measured...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141218/reciprocal-expression-of-il-35-and-il-10-defines-two-distinct-effector-treg-subsets-that-are-required-for-maintenance-of-immune-tolerance
#16
Xundong Wei, Jianhua Zhang, Qianchong Gu, Man Huang, Wei Zhang, Jie Guo, Xuyu Zhou
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) can exert their functions through multiple suppressive mechanisms; however, it is unclear how Tregs exactly employ these mechanisms. In this study, we found that interleukin-35 (IL-35)-producing Tregs were a distinct effector population from the IL-10-producing subset. We also revealed that these two subsets of effector Tregs have different transcription factor dependency. Terminal differentiation regulator Blimp1 was only critical for IL-10 production, but not for IL-35; Foxp3 was essential for IL-35 but dispensable for IL-10 production...
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123149/il-6-il-12-cytokine-receptor-shuffling-of-extra-and-intracellular-domains-reveals-canonical-stat-activation-via-synthetic-il-35-and-il-39-signaling
#17
D M Floss, M Schönberg, M Franke, F C Horstmeier, E Engelowski, A Schneider, E M Rosenfeldt, J Scheller
IL-35 and IL-39 are recently discovered shared members of the IL-6- and IL-12-type cytokine family with immune-suppressive capacity. IL-35 has been reported to induce the formation of four different receptor complexes: gp130:IL-12β2, gp130:gp130, IL-12β2:IL-12β2, and IL-12β2:WSX-1. IL-39 was proposed to form a gp130:IL-23R receptor complex. IL-35, but not IL-39, has been reported to activate non-conventional STAT signaling, depending on the receptor complex and target cell. Analyses of IL-35 and IL-39 are, however, hampered by the lack of biologically active recombinant IL-35 and IL-39 proteins...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083399/oxidative-stress-controls-regulatory-t-cell-apoptosis-and-suppressor-activity-and-pd-l1-blockade-resistance-in-tumor
#18
Tomasz Maj, Wei Wang, Joel Crespo, Hongjuan Zhang, Weimin Wang, Shuang Wei, Lili Zhao, Linda Vatan, Irene Shao, Wojciech Szeliga, Costas Lyssiotis, J Rebecca Liu, Ilona Kryczek, Weiping Zou
Live regulatory T cells (Treg cells) suppress antitumor immunity, but how Treg cells behave in the metabolically abnormal tumor microenvironment remains unknown. Here we show that tumor Treg cells undergo apoptosis, and such apoptotic Treg cells abolish spontaneous and PD-L1-blockade-mediated antitumor T cell immunity. Biochemical and functional analyses show that adenosine, but not typical suppressive factors such as PD-L1, CTLA-4, TGF-β, IL-35, and IL-10, contributes to apoptotic Treg-cell-mediated immunosuppression...
December 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074035/the-il-12-cytokine-family-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#19
T van der Heijden, I Bot, J Kuiper
Cytokines of the Interleukin (IL)-12 family, consisting of IL-12, IL-23, IL-27 and IL-35, are important regulators in (chronic) inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis, but also in cardiovascular diseases. Cytokines of the IL-12 family consist of two subunits and are known for their regulatory functions in the immunologic response, more specifically in the regulation and differentiation of T-helper (Th) cells such as Th1 and Th17 cells. Binding of these cytokines to its specific heterodimeric receptor results in the activation of the JAK-STAT signaling...
October 23, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070122/-levels-of-t-lymphocyte-subsets-il-17-il-35-and-ifn-%C3%AE-in-peripheral-blood-and-their-clinical-significance-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#20
Zhao-Juan Xu, Dong Zhao, Fu-Ping Li, Ying-Fang Wang, Hui-Ying Xiao, Xu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the levels of T-lymphocyte subsets and IL-17, IL-35, IFN-γ in peripheral blood of patients with multiple myeloma(MM) and their clinical significance. METHODS: A total of 86 MM patients in our hospital from January 2014 to January 2017 were enrolled in MM group and 30 healthy persons were enrolled in control group, the CD4+/CD8+ T cells ratio, CD4+CD25high/+ CD127low/- Treg level in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometer. The levels of IL-17, IL-35 and IFN-γ in peripheral serum were detected by ELISA, and the differences of detected indicators between different groups were compared...
October 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
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