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Na-Na Tao, Rui Gong, Xiang Chen, Lin He, Fang Ren, Hai-Bo Yu, Juan Chen, Ji-Hua Ren
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major health problem worldwide. Interleukin-35 (IL-35) is a definite immunosuppressive cytokine belonging to the IL-12 family. Nevertheless, the role of IL-35 in HBV replication remains elusive. In this study, we found that the level of HBV DNA replicative intermediates detected by qPCR and Southern blotting analysis was significantly increased by rhIL-35 in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, HBV 3.5 kb mRNA levels were up-regulated by rhIL-35. The HBV core protein level as well as the HBsAg and HBeAg secretion levels were also increased by rhIL-35...
March 21, 2018: Journal of General Virology
Cemile Sonmez, Aysegul Atak Yucel, Turan Hilmi Yesil, Hamit Kucuk, Berna Sezgin, Ridvan Mercan, Ahmet Eftal Yucel, Gulderen Yanikkaya Demirel
Behcet's disease is a chronic multisystemic disease with remissions and relapses. Several studies have shown that immune mechanisms play an important role in the development of the disease. In order to assess the association of disease activity with IL-17A/F, IL-23, IL-12/23 (p40) and IL-35 expression, we aimed to investigate production of these cytokines in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from Behcet's patients and normal controls. Furthermore, we included Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) as disease control to evaluate the specificity of our data for immunopathogenesis of BD...
March 20, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Baoren Zhang, Yi Liu, Xu Lan, Xiaoxi Xu, Xiaoning Zhang, Xiang Li, Yiming Zhao, Guang Li, Caigan Du, Shanzheng Lu, Hao Wang
BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) characterized by chronic inflammation of colon. It is commonly believed that the imbalance of immune system and overwhelming production of cytokines are involved in the pathogenesis of UC. Recent studies demonstrated that interleukin-35 (IL-35), a key player in the regulation of inflammation, has been identified as potential therapeutic target to treat UC. However, conventional intravenous administration is costly and inconvenient...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
QiangYue Jiang, Lingyan Ma, RuiChao Li, JianHai Sun
The occurrence and development of colon cancer is closely related to inflammation. Therefore, this study was conducted a current retrospective research to study the effect of IL-35 (interleukin 35), a newly identified anti-infective factor, on colon cancer development. The expression of IL-35 in colon cancer samples and their adjacent normal mucosa by real-time PCR, ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). The effect of IL-35 on patient survival, colon cancer progression, and its effect on Wnt/β-catenine signaling pathway was also assessed...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Elham Abdi, Hamid Najafipour, Siyavash Joukar, Shahriar Dabiri, Saeed Esmaeli-Mahani, Elham Abbasloo, Nasrin Houshmandi, Abbas Afsharipour
BACKGROUND: IGF-1 and certain other cytokines have been shown to exert inflammatory/anti-inflammatory roles in chronic joint diseases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of IGF-1, IL-27 and IL-35, their interaction and their receptor expression in a rheumatoid arthritis model. METHODS: Freund's adjuvant-induced chronic joint inflammation was operated on 160 male rats. Animals were divided into histopathology and receptor expression groups, each composed of 10 subgroups including; control, vehicle, IGF-1, IL-27, IL-35, their antagonists, IGF-1+IL-27 antagonist and IGF-1+IL-35 antagonist...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Immunology: IJI
Sahar Z Elazab, Waheed F Hessam
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is mediated by many proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines as interleuhin-17 (IL-17) and interleukin-35 (IL-35) respectively. We assessed the effect of allergen specific immunotherapy (IT) on the serum levels of IL-17 and IL-35 in patients with AR sensitive to house dust mites (HDMs). Twenty patients with AR sensitive to HDMs and ten healthy control subjects were included in the study. Sensitivity to HDMs was diagnosed by positive skin prick test. Patients were treated by cluster IT...
June 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
Zhen Nan, Heng Fan, Qing Tang, Man Zhang, Meng Xu, Qianyun Chen, Yujin Liu, Yalan Dong, Hui Wu, Shuangjiao Deng
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) hold great promise for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) owing to the immunosuppressive property and tissue healing potential. The balance of Treg/Th17 plays a crucial part in BMSC-mediated immunosuppression. Interleukin (IL)-35 is a newly identified anti-inflammatory cytokine required for the expansion of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and suppression of Th17 cells differentiation. It could amplify the immunosuppressive property of BMSCs by transfecting into BMSCs...
March 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jianping Hu, Yirong Qin, Shenglan Yi, Chaokui Wang, Jinglu Yang, Lu Yang, Luoziyi Wang, Aize Kijlstra, Peizeng Yang, Hong Li
PURPOSE: Recent studies have reported that IL-35 has a protective effect in autoimmune disease. In this study, we explored the role of IL-35 in the pathogenesis of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. METHODS: The IL-35/EBI3 and IL-35/P35 mRNA level was assayed by Real-Time PCR. The level of IL-35 in serum was detected by ELISA. PBMCs and monocyte-derived DCs were cultured with or without IL-35 and the concentration of IL-17, IL-10, IFN-γ, IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β in supernatants was tested by ELISA...
March 2, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Ali Khalili, Soheil Ebrahimpour, Iradj Maleki, Saeid Abediankenari, Mousa Mohammadnia Afrouzi
BACKGROUND: Regulatory T (Treg) cell play a key role in autoimmune diseases. We evaluated the regulatory function and frequency of Treg cells and secreted IL-10, IL-35 concentration in Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: Twenty-three patients with CD and 25 healthy controls (HC) were included in this study. We analysed the alteration of Tregs frequency using flow cytometry for CD4, CD25, CD127 and FoxP3 markers. Surface expression of CD4, CD25 and CD127 markers were used for isolation of a relatively pure Treg cells...
February 16, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
Meixia Zhang, Wei Gan, Chuyu Jing, Susu Zheng, Juan Zhang, Hujia Shen, Xin Xu, Jiajia Lin, Boheng Zhang, Shuangjian Qiu
Interleukin-35 (IL-35) is implicated in tumorigenesis, but the exact impact on intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is not clearly. The aim of present study was to explore the specific effect of IL-35 on patient prognosis. Additionally, we formulated an effective prognostic nomogram for ICC patients after curative resection. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was applied to explore IL-35 expression as well as IL-35R in 102 ICC patients. The results showed IL-35 was highly expressed in ICC tumor tissues and was positively associated with lymph node metastasis, TNM stage and vascular invasion and was independent prognostic factor for patients' OS and RFS...
February 15, 2018: Cancer Science
Tengda Li, Yuanlan Huang, Peng Liu, Yun Liu, Jie Guo, Weiwei Zhang, Mingli Gu, Cheng Qian, Anmei Deng
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is an autoimmune liver disease. Its histological characteristics, such as progressive intrahepatic bile duct destruction, cholestasis, and liver cirrhosis, are caused by the body's autoimmune disorders. Interleukin (IL)-35 has two subunits (p35 and Ebi3) and is a member of the IL-12 family of heterodimeric cytokines. IL-35 has immunosuppressive functions and plays an important role in many autoimmune diseases. In this study, we compared plasma levels of IL-35 and relative mRNA expression levels of p35 and Ebi3 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 70 PBC patients and 70 healthy individuals...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Xiao-Na Jin, Bao-Zhen Zhou, Dang-Feng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression and clinical significance of VEGF, IL-17, β2-MG and IL-35 in patients with multiple myeloma. METHODS: A total of 83 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) from January 2012 to December 2016 were enrolled in MM group, 36 healthy subjects were enrolled in control group. The levels of IL-17, IL-35 and VEGF in serum were detected by ELISA. The levels of β2-MG in serum were measured by radioimmunoassay. The differences of different indexes between 2 groups were compared...
February 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Ling-Jun Zhao, Song Gao, Xiao Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of thalidomide on the ratio of Th17 to Treg cells in peripheral blood and expression of IL-17 and IL-35 in patients with multiple myeloma(MM), so as to provide reference for the clinical treatment of patients with MM. METHODS: A total of 82 MM patients treated with thalidomide from January 2014 to December 2016 were enrolled in MM group, 30 healthy subjects were selected as control (control group). The ratio of T cell subsets and Treg cells accounted for CD4 + T cell were detected by flow cytometer...
February 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Marziyeh Azad, Sara Keshtgar, Bahia Namavar Jahromi, Zahra Kanannejad, Behrouz Gharesi-Fard
Objective: In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a well-known method for the treatment of infertility. The present study aimed to compare the differences between infertile women with successful and unsuccessful IVF outcomes regarding the expression of T helper (Th) cell transcription factors and a group of related cytokines before and after exposure to their husbands' seminal plasma. Methods: This study was performed on 19 couples with unexplained infertility undergoing IVF treatment...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
Xinyuan Li, Ying Shao, Xiaojin Sha, Pu Fang, Yin-Ming Kuo, Andrew J Andrews, Yafeng Li, William Y Yang, Massimo Maddaloni, David W Pascual, Jin J Luo, Xiaohua Jiang, Hong Wang, Xiaofeng Yang
OBJECTIVE: IL-35 (interleukin-35) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine, which inhibits immune responses by inducing regulatory T cells and regulatory B cells and suppressing effector T cells and macrophages. It remains unknown whether atherogenic stimuli induce IL-35 and whether IL-35 inhibits atherogenic lipid-induced endothelial cell (EC) activation and atherosclerosis. EC activation induced by hyperlipidemia stimuli, including lysophosphatidylcholine is considered as an initiation step for monocyte recruitment and atherosclerosis...
January 25, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Rosalinda Posadas-Sánchez, Nonanzit Pérez-Hernández, Fabiola López-Bautista, Teresa Villarreal-Molina, José Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez, José Manuel Fragoso, Carlos Posadas-Romero, Gilberto Vargas-Alarcón
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
Ya-Chu Tsai, Tsen-Fang Tsai
Anti-interleukin (IL) therapies have emerged as a major treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. This article reviews the up-to-date results of pivotal clinical trials targeting the interleukins used for the treatment of psoriasis, including IL-1, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-17, IL-20, IL-22, IL-23, IL-36 and bispecific biologics IL-17A/tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Cytokines involved in the circuits of psoriasis inflammation without ongoing clinical trials are also mentioned (IL-9, IL-13, IL-15, IL-16, IL-18, IL-19, IL-21, IL-24, IL-27, IL-33, IL-35, IL-37, and IL-38)...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
X Y Song, H Huang, Y Z Liu, S Li, Y Y Zhao, Z J Xu
Objective: To investigate the expression of interleukin(IL)-35 protein and gene in peripheral blood of patients with sarcoidosis and its clinical significance. Methods: Peripheral blood samples from 98 patients with sarcoidosis and 98 healthy volunteers were collected at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2016 and March 2017. The plasma levels of IL-35 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), and the relationship between IL-35 and the clinical characteristics was analyzed...
January 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Xia Yang, Jing-Hong Zhang, Jian-Feng Zhang, Hua Lin, Wei Chen, Li Xiang, Chao-Qian Li
Recent studies suggest that imbalances in the ratios of CD4+ T helper cell subsets, T helper-17 (Th17) and regulatory T (Treg) cells play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI). However, studies of the imbalance of Th17/Treg in paraquat (PQ)-induced ALI have not been reported. Therefore, we investigated whether the ratio of Th17/Treg cells in a mouse model of PQ-induced ALI contributes to pathogenesis of ALI. Male Kunming mice were randomly treated with saline (control group) or PQ (PQ-poisoned (PQP) group); mice were sacrificed at either 12 hours (PQP-12h) or 24 hours (PQP-24h and control) post-treatment...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Sheng-Tao Cheng, Ding Yuan, Yi Liu, Ying Huang, Xiang Chen, Hai-Bo Yu, Lin He, Hui Jiang, Ji-Hua Ren, Juan Chen
Backgrounds: As one of the major public health problems, the hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection would activate the immune system. The outcome of HBV infection was affect significantly by the interactions between HBV and host immune response. Interleukins play important role in anti-viral immunity. Here we investigated the role of interleukin-35 (IL-35) in chronic HBV infection patients. Methods/Results: Serum IL-35 in 72 chronic hepatitis B virus infection patients and 41 healthy control subjects were analyzed by ELISA assay...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
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