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Fluid replacement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805913/feeding-distillers-grains-soybean-hulls-or-a-mixture-of-both-to-cows-as-a-forage-replacement-effects-on-intake-digestibility-and-ruminal-fermentation-characteristics
#1
W B Smith, K P Coffey, R T Rhein, E B Kegley, D Philipp, J G Powell, J D Caldwell, A N Young
Coproduct feedstuffs offer a unique and potentially profitable avenue for cattle feeding strategies. However, research is lacking in the evaluation of varying coproducts on ruminal fermentation and digestive characteristics when included as the major component of the diet of cows. Our objective was to determine the effect of coproduct feedstuffs as a forage replacement on digestive and fermentative characteristics of cows. Eight ruminally fistulated cows (672 ± 32.0 kg initial BW and approximately 9 yr of age) were stratified by BW and randomly allocated to 1 of 4 diets (2 cows∙diet∙period) in a 2-period study: soybean hulls (SH), distillers' dried grains with solubles (DG), an isoenergetic mixture of soybean hulls and distillers' dried grains with solubles (MX), or ad libitum hay plus 0...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804622/human-placental-growth-hormone-in-normal-and-abnormal-fetal-growth
#2
Alexandros Velegrakis, Maria Sfakiotaki, Stavros Sifakis
Human placental growth hormone (PGH), encoded by the growth hormone (GH) variant gene on chromosome 17, is expressed in the syncytiotrophoblast and extravillous cytotrophoblast layers of the human placenta. Its maternal serum levels increase throughout pregnancy, and gradually replaces the pulsatile secreted pituitary GH. PGH is also detectable in cord blood and in the amniotic fluid. This placental-origin hormone stimulates glyconeogenesis, lipolysis and anabolism in maternal organs, and influences fetal growth, placental development and maternal adaptation to pregnancy...
August 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797809/the-role-of-titanium-dioxide-on-the-morphology-microstructure-and-bioactivity-of-grafted-cellulose-hydroxyapatite-nanocomposites-for-a-potential-application-in-bone-repair
#3
Saeed Saber-Samandari, Hamed Yekta, Sara Ahmadi, Kadhim Alamara
Fabrication and characterization of a novel 3D nanocomposite scaffold have been reported in this research. The purpose of developing this new 3D nanocomposite scaffolds is introducing an alternative treatment for bone tissue replacement. Outcomes confirmed that the morphology, microstructure and mechanical properties of synthesized 3D nanocomposite scaffolds closely mimics the properties of real bone tissue. The 3D nanocomposite scaffolds compose of nanoparticle hydroxyapatite which is embedded in the semi-IPN of polyacrylamide-grafted cellulose by free radical polymerization...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796122/ocular-surface-lubricants
#4
Leonard Bielory, Preeti Wagle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the ocular lubricants currently available, consider the components of the various formulations and highlight the status of preservative use in the treatment of anterior ocular surface diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: The primary components of ocular surface lubrication have been, in the past, based on various cellulose formulations that increase hydration. Advances in lubrication have come from areas of the human body requiring lubrication such as the skeletal joints as well as examining the use of natural components of the tear fluid...
August 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794844/a-case-series-on-simultaneous-liver-and-kidney-transplantation-do-we-need-intraoperative-renal-replacement-therapy
#5
Wongook Wi, Tae Soo Hahm, Gaab-Soo Kim
Since the implementation of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scoring system in 2002, the liver transplantation (LT) society has observed a substantial increase in the number of recipients with renal dysfunction. Intraoperative renal replacement therapy (ioRRT) has emerged as one of the solutions available to manage high-MELD score recipients; however, its usefulness has not yet been proven. To date, we have experienced five cases of simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation (SLKT). Recipients of SLKT tend to have a lower pre-transplant kidney function and the longer operation time mandates a larger amount of fluid than LT alone...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791245/diagnostic-yield-and-safety-of-closed-needle-pleural-biopsy-in-exudative-pleural-effusion
#6
Govind Singh Rajawat, Supreet Batra, Rajendra Prasad Takhar, Lalit Rathi, Chand Bhandari, Manohar Lal Gupta
BACKGROUND: Closed pleural biopsy was previously considered a procedure of choice in cases of undiagnosed pleural effusion with good efficacy. Currently, the closed pleural biopsy has been replaced by thoracoscopic biopsy but not easily available in resource-limited setups. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the diagnostic yield and safety of closed needle pleural biopsy in exudative pleural effusion and assessment of patients' characteristics with the yield of pleural biopsy...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782911/simulation-of-aortopulmonary-collateral-flow-in-fontan-patients-for-use-in-prediction-of-interventional-outcomes
#7
Petter Frieberg, Pia Sjöberg, Johan Revstedt, Einar Heiberg, Petru Liuba, Marcus Carlsson
PURPOSE: Patients with complex congenital heart disease may need to be converted to a Fontan circulation with systemic venous return surgically connected to the pulmonary circulation. These patients frequently form aortopulmonary collaterals (APC), that is arterial inflows to the pulmonary artery vascular tree. The aim of this study was to develop a method to calculate the effect of APC on the pulmonary flow distribution based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements and computational fluid dynamics simulations in order to enable prediction of interventional outcomes in Fontan patients...
August 7, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774488/crystalloid-versus-colloid-fluids-for-reduction-of-postoperative-ileus-after-abdominal-operation-under-combined-general-and-epidural-anesthesia
#8
Mohammad Reza Ghodraty, Faranak Rokhtabnak, Hossein Reza Dehghan, Alireza Pournajafian, Masoud Baghaee Vaji, Zahra Sadat Koleini, Jahan Porhomayon, Nader D Nader
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to compare the effect of perioperative administration of crystalloid versus colloid solutions and its impact on reversal of ileus after resection with primary anastomosis of intestine. We hypothesized that inclusion of colloids will improve the return of intestinal motility. METHODS: In a double-blinded clinical trial, 91 the American Society of Anesthesiologists I to III patients undergoing abdominal operation for resection with anastomosis of small or large intestine were randomized to receive either lactated Ringer solution crystalloid group or 6% hydroxyethyl starch colloid group to replace intraoperative fluid loss (blood loss + third space)...
July 31, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770205/fatal-mycotic-aneurysm-of-the-basilar-artery-caused-by-aspergillus-fumigatus-in-a-patient-with-pituitary-adenoma-and-meningitis
#9
Martin Winterholler, Roland Coras, Walter Geißdörfer, Rudolf Rammensee, Philipp Gölitz, Christian Bogdan, Roland Lang
Fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS) frequently occur in immunosuppressed patients. Here, we describe the case of an immunocompetent 64-year-old man who presented with diplopia, right-sided hemiparesis, and a mild headache after cleaning and replacing nesting boxes of wild birds during the preceding months. Lumbar puncture revealed pleocytosis, elevated protein, and lactate levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Initial imaging showed ischemia in the left thalamus and an enlargement of the sellar region...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768880/hyaluronan-supplementation-as-a-mechanical-regulator-of-cartilage-tissue-development-under-joint-kinematic-mimicking-loading
#10
Yabin Wu, Martin J Stoddart, Karin Wuertz-Kozak, Sibylle Grad, Mauro Alini, Stephen J Ferguson
Articular cartilage plays an essential role in joint lubrication and impact absorption. Through this, the mechanical signals are coupled to the tissue's physiological response. Healthy synovial fluid has been shown to reduce and homogenize the shear stress acting on the cartilage surfaces due to its unique shear-thinning viscosity. As cartilage tissues are sensitive to mechanical changes in articulation, it was hypothesized that replacing the traditional culture medium with a healthy non-Newtonian lubricant could enhance tissue development in a cartilage engineering model, where joint-kinematic-mimicking mechanical loading is applied...
August 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767319/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-utilization-of-ethanol-locks-in-pediatric-patients-with-intestinal-failure
#11
Riad Rahhal, Maisam A Abu-El-Haija, Lin Fei, Dawn Ebach, Sarah Orkin, Elizabeth Kiscaden, Conrad R Cole
BACKGROUND: Intestinal failure is a chronic condition related to loss of bowel length and/or function, resulting in dependence on central venous catheters for fluids and nutrition. Catheter use can be associated with significant complications, including catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs), which can lead to loss of vascular access, advancing intestinal failure associated-liver disease and death. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ethanol locks as compared with standard heparin locks in pediatric intestinal failure...
August 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763904/-discussion-on-the-related-problems-of-pediatric-burn-treatment
#12
Z Y Li, Z Lyu
The incidence of pediatric burn is high currently. Many clinical problems in the treatment of pediatric burn are composed of fluid replacement during shock stage, wound treatment, nutrition and metabolism etc, which urgently need to be sorted out and updated again to make corresponding clinical guidelines, criteria, or consensus for standardizing the clinical diagnosis and treatment, so as to improve the clinical treatment level of pediatric burn.
July 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761770/extended-peritoneal-dialysis-and-renal-recovery-in-hiv-infected-patients-with-prolonged-aki-a-report-of-2-cases
#13
Donlawat Saengpanit, Pongpratch Puapatanakul, Piyaporn Towannang, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has recently been established as a treatment option for renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Its efficacy in providing fluid and small solute removal has also been demonstrated in clinical trials and is equivalent to hemodialysis (HD). However, effect of RRT modality on renal recovery after AKI remains a controversy. Moreover, the setting of human immunodeficiency virus- (HIV-) infected patients with AKI requiring RRT makes the decision on RRT initiation and modality selection more complicated...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760487/complications-of-therapeutic-apheresis-in-pediatric-kidney-transplantation
#14
REVIEW
Mattia Parolin, Enrico Vidal
In the setting of kidney transplantation, therapeutic apheresis (TA) is employed both for pre-intervention procedures and during the post-transplant period. In pediatric nephrology units, TA is usually performed as a therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) with dialysis equipment, and using non-plasma replacement fluids. In children undergoing kidney transplantation, complications of TPE are mainly related to its depletive properties combined with the iatrogenic immunodeficiency status of the patient. Moreover, the use of small central venous catheters and the equipment standardized for adults can increase the risk of adverse events...
July 10, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759112/fluid-replacement-therapy-for-acute-episodes-of-pain-in-people-with-sickle-cell-disease
#15
REVIEW
Uduak Okomo, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Treating vaso-occlusive painful crises in people with sickle cell disease is complex and requires multiple interventions. Extra fluids are routinely given as adjunct treatment, regardless of the individual's state of hydration with the aim of slowing or stopping the sickling process and thereby alleviating pain. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane Review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the optimal route, quantity and type of fluid replacement for people with sickle cell disease with acute painful crises...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752425/minimal-modulation-of-the-host-immune-response-to-sis-matrix-implants-by-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-the-amniotic-fluid
#16
F Lesage, S Pranpanus, F M Bosisio, M Jacobs, S Ospitalieri, J Toelen, J Deprest
PURPOSE: Surgical restoration of soft tissue defects often requires implantable devices. The clinical outcome of the surgery is determined by the properties inherent to the used matrix. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) modulate the immune processes after in vivo transplantation and their addition to matrices is associated with constructive remodeling. Herein we evaluate the potential of MSC derived from the amniotic fluid (AF-MSC), an interesting MSC source for cell therapeutic applications in the perinatal period, for immune modulation when added to a biomaterial...
July 27, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740778/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-after-head-and-neck-reconstructive-surgery
#17
Masanori Mori, Hayato Nagashima, Satoshi Akazawa, Noriko Saegusa, Yuichi Ichikawa, Kei Iida, Kotaro Yoshimura, Masahiro Nakagawa
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a form of transient heart failure that clinically mimics acute coronary syndrome and is characterized by left ventricular wall motion abnormalities. The pathophysiology of TCM is not well established. TCM is often preceded by emotional or physical stress and may occur after surgery. We present 3 cases of TCM occurring after head and neck reconstructive surgery. Echocardiography plays a central role in the diagnosis of TCM. Left ventricular wall motion abnormalities extend beyond the territory of a single coronary artery...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737271/in-vitro-fertilization-and-pregnancy-management-in-a-woman-with-acquired-idiopathic-chylous-ascites
#18
Ai Sakamoto, Yasuhiko Kamada, Sayoko Kotani, Kiyoshi Yamada, Yoshihiro Kimata, Yuji Hiramatsu
Acquired idiopathic chylous ascites is extremely rare in women of reproductive age. This is the first report describing successful infertility and pregnancy management in a patient with idiopathic chylous ascites. A 23-year-old woman presented with abdominal distention and was diagnosed with idiopathic fluid collection. A lymphogram revealed lymphatic leakage from the right renal hilum. Lymphatic-venous anastomosis of the thoracic duct was performed thrice, but the chylous ascites persisted. In vitro fertilization was performed because natural conception was not possible...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734308/molecular-simulation-of-caloric-properties-of-fluids-modelled-by-force-fields-with-intramolecular-contributions-application-to-heat-capacities
#19
William R Smith, Jan Jirsák, Ivo Nezbeda, Weikai Qi
The calculation of caloric properties such as heat capacity, Joule-Thomson coefficients, and the speed of sound by classical force-field-based molecular simulation methodology has received scant attention in the literature, particularly for systems composed of complex molecules whose force fields (FFs) are characterized by a combination of intramolecular and intermolecular terms. The calculation of a thermodynamic property for a system whose molecules are described by such a FF involves the calculation of the residual property prior to its addition to the corresponding ideal-gas property, the latter of which is separately calculated, either using thermochemical compilations or nowadays accurate quantum mechanical calculations...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729904/impact-of-a-sepsis-bundle-in-wards-of-a-tertiary-hospital
#20
F Teles, W G Rodrigues, M G T C Alves, C F T Albuquerque, S M O Bastos, M F A Mota, E S Mota, F J L Silva
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a prevalent disease worldwide and still exhibits high rates of mortality. In the last years, many interventions aiming a positive impact on sepsis evolution have been studied. One of the main is the use of managed care protocols (sepsis bundles), which consist in systematization of diagnosis and treatment, such as standardization of antibiotics, collection of specific tests (cultures, lactate), and fluid replacement. Some studies have shown a reduction in hospital costs and lower mortality with the use of these tools...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
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