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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933576/-medical-certificates-and-examinations-in-family-doctor-s-office-indications-barriers-and-relevance-of-standardization
#1
Livia Ertl, Linda Sanftenberg, Jörg Schelling
BACKGROUND: In view of medical care being required more and more, the doctors' tight time should be reserved for tasks which correspond to their qualification. A standardization of certificates might save time and improve quality. OBJECTIVE: This paper overviews the role of certificates and the required examinations in family doctor's everyday practice. Current practices, difficulties and suggestions for improvements were worked out in order to illuminate the potential for standardization...
December 2016: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933285/developmental-profile-and-diagnoses-in-children-presenting-with-motor-stereotypies
#2
Francesco Cardona, Francesca Valente, Daniela Miraglia, Caterina D'Ardia, Valentina Baglioni, Flavia Chiarotti
INTRODUCTION: Motor stereotypies represent a typical example of the difficulty in distinguishing non-clinical behaviors (physiological and transient) from symptoms or among different disorders ["primary stereotypies," associated with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disabilities, genetic syndromes, and sensory impairment]. The aim of this study was to obtain an accurate assessment on the relationship between stereotypies and neurodevelopmental disorders. METHODS: We studied 23 children (3 girls), aged 36-95 months, who requested a consultation due to the persistence or increased severity of motor stereotypies...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933021/dimensions-of-compulsive-exercise-across-eating-disorder-diagnostic-subtypes-and-the-validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-compulsive-exercise-test
#3
Sarah Sauchelli, Jon Arcelus, Roser Granero, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Zaida Agüera, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Objectives: Compulsive exercise in eating disorders has been traditionally considered as a behavior that serves the purpose of weight/shape control. More recently, it has been postulated that there may be other factors that drive the compulsive need to exercise. This has led to the development of the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET); a self-reported questionnaire that aims to explore the cognitive-behavioral underpinnings of compulsive exercise from a multi-faceted perspective. The objectives of this study were threefold: (1) to validate the Spanish version of the CET; (2) to compare eating disorder diagnostic subtypes and a healthy control group in terms of the factors that drive compulsive exercise as defined by the CET; (3) to explore how the dimensions evaluated in the CET are associated with eating disorder symptoms and general psychopathology...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933012/degrees-of-freedom-in-planning-running-analyzing-and-reporting-psychological-studies-a-checklist-to-avoid-p-hacking
#4
REVIEW
Jelte M Wicherts, Coosje L S Veldkamp, Hilde E M Augusteijn, Marjan Bakker, Robbie C M van Aert, Marcel A L M van Assen
The designing, collecting, analyzing, and reporting of psychological studies entail many choices that are often arbitrary. The opportunistic use of these so-called researcher degrees of freedom aimed at obtaining statistically significant results is problematic because it enhances the chances of false positive results and may inflate effect size estimates. In this review article, we present an extensive list of 34 degrees of freedom that researchers have in formulating hypotheses, and in designing, running, analyzing, and reporting of psychological research...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932912/mysida-and-lophogastrida-of-greece-a-preliminary-checklist
#5
Panayota Koulouri, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The checklist of Mysida and Lophogastrida of Greece was created within the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS), which is one of the applications of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) resuming efforts to develop a complete checklist of species recorded and reported from Greek waters. The objectives of the present study were to update and cross-check taxonomically all records of Mysida and Lophogastrida species known to occur in Greek waters in order to search for inaccuracies and omissions...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932911/cumacea-of-greece-a-preliminary-checklist
#6
Panayota Koulouri, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The first attempt to compile the checklist of Cumacea of Greece was made in the context of the "Greek Biodiversity Database" project (2005-2008) coordinated by the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Since then, only scattered information on new elements of the Greek cumacean fauna has been available. The objectives of the present study were to update and cross-check taxonomically all cumacean species records from Greek waters for inaccuracies and omissions according to the recent literature and current taxonomic status...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932910/ascidiacea-chordata-tunicata-of-greece-an-updated-checklist
#7
Chryssanthi Antoniadou, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The checklist of the ascidian fauna (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) of Greece was compiled within the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS), an application of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) aiming to produce a complete checklist of species recorded from Greece. This checklist was constructed by updating an existing one with the inclusion of recently published records. All the reported species from Greek waters were taxonomically revised and cross-checked with the Ascidiacea World Database...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932904/brachiopoda-of-greece-an-annotated-checklist
#8
Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: Until today, only scattered species records of Brachiopoda from Greece have been included in publications on the Mediterranean brachiopod fauna. These records were mostly based on material collected during marine expeditions in the eastern Mediterranean decades ago, while few recent additional records appear in ecological studies. The aim of this paper was to give the first checklist of brachiopod species of Greece, in the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS) initiative of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI), by reviewing the existing literature...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932903/porifera-of-greece-an-updated-checklist
#9
Eleni Voultsiadou, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The checklist of Porifera of Greece was created in the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS), an initiative of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) that has resumed efforts to compile a complete checklist of species recorded from Greece. An updated checklist of Porifera was created on the basis of a list of the Aegean Demospongiae and Homoscleromorpha published one decade ago. All records of species known to occur in Greek waters were taxonomically validated and cross-checked for possible inaccuracies and omissions...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932902/introduction-to-the-greek-taxon-information-system-gtis-in-lifewatchgreece-the-construction-of-the-preliminary-checklists-of-species-of-greece
#10
Nicolas Bailly, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Christos Arvanitidis, Anastasios Legakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932631/dying-in-the-hospital-setting-a-meta-synthesis-identifying-the-elements-of-end-of-life-care-that-patients-and-their-families-describe-as-being-important
#11
REVIEW
Claudia Virdun, Tim Luckett, Karl Lorenz, Patricia M Davidson, Jane Phillips
BACKGROUND: Despite most expected deaths occurring in hospital, optimal end-of-life care is not available for all in this setting. AIM: To gain a richer and deeper understanding of elements of end-of-life care that consumers consider most important within the hospital setting. DESIGN: A meta-synthesis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of Academic Search Complete, AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, Google, Google Scholar and CareSearch for qualitative studies published between 1990 and April 2015 reporting statements by consumers regarding important elements of end-of-life hospital care...
December 8, 2016: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931743/a-longitudinal-study-of-emotion-regulation-among-sexually-abused-preschoolers
#12
Ariane Séguin-Lemire, Martine Hébert, Louise Cossette, Rachel Langevin
The aim of the present study was to investigate the evolution of emotion regulation competencies in sexually abused preschoolers. Children's emotion regulation abilities and their emotional lability and negativity were assessed shortly after disclosure of sexual abuse and one year later, and compared to those of non-abused children. A sample of 47 sexually abused (37 girls, 10 boys) and 74 non-abused children (54 girls, 20 boys), aged 3-7 years (M=56.83months; SD=9.55), participated in the study. Parents and daycare educators or teachers completed the Emotion Regulation Checklist (Shields & Cicchetti, 1997) and an adapted version of the History of Victimization Form (Parent & Hébert, 2006)...
December 5, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931268/an-epidemiological-analysis-of-equine-welfare-data-from-regulatory-inspections-by-the-official-competent-authorities
#13
P L Hitchens, J Hultgren, J Frössling, U Emanuelson, L J Keeling
Determining welfare status in a population is the first step in efforts to improve welfare. The primary objective of this study was to explore a new epidemiological approach for analysis of data from official competent authorities that pertain to compliance with animal welfare legislation. We reviewed data already routinely collected as part of Swedish official animal welfare inspections for 2010-13, using a checklist containing 45 checkpoints (CPs). These covered animal-, resource- and management-based measures of equine welfare...
December 9, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929478/improving-treatment-plan-evaluation-with-automation
#14
Elizabeth L Covington, Xiaoping Chen, Kelly C Younge, Choonik Lee, Martha M Matuszak, Marc L Kessler, Wayne Keranen, Eduardo Acosta, Ashley M Dougherty, Stephanie E Filpansick, Jean M Moran
The goal of this work is to evaluate the effectiveness of Plan-Checker Tool (PCT) which was created to improve first-time plan quality, reduce patient delays, increase the efficiency of our electronic workflow, and standardize and automate the phys-ics plan review in the treatment planning system (TPS). PCT uses an application programming interface to check and compare data from the TPS and treatment management system (TMS). PCT includes a comprehensive checklist of automated and manual checks that are documented when performed by the user as part of a plan readiness check for treatment...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929309/is-posttraumatic-growth-trauma-specific-invariance-across-trauma-and-stressor-exposed-groups
#15
Madison W Silverstein, Daniel J Lee, Tracy K Witte, Frank W Weathers
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic growth (PTG), or multidimensional positive change following a traumatic event (TE), is conceptualized as qualitatively distinct from growth following a nontraumatic stressful event (NTSE; Tedeschi & Calhoun, 2004; Zoellner & Maercker, 2006). However, the degree to which PTG is a trauma-specific phenomenon has yet to be established. Although research indicates that individuals who experience TEs endorse greater PTG than those who experience NTSEs (Kastenmüller et al...
December 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928842/evaluating-beneficial-drug-effects-in-a-non-interventional-setting-a-review-of-effectiveness-studies-based-on-swedish-prescribed-drug-register-data
#16
Susanna M Wallerstedt, Mikael Hoffmann
AIMS: To describe and assess current effectiveness studies published up to 2014 using Swedish Prescribed Drug Register (SPDR) data. METHODS: Study characteristics were extracted. Each study was assessed concerning the clinical relevance of the research question, the risk of bias according to a structured checklist, and as to whether its findings contributed to new knowledge. The biases encountered and ways of handling these were retrieved. RESULTS: A total of 24 effectiveness studies were included in the review, the majority on cardiovascular and psychiatric disease (n = 17; 71%)...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928698/urban-and-education-disparity-for-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-taiwan-birth-cohort-study
#17
For-Wey Lung, Tung-Liang Chiang, Shio-Jean Lin, Bih-Ching Shu
This study aimed to determine the optimal cut-off for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) screening in 66-month-old children, and to explore the distribution of ASD screening and diagnosis in Taiwan. The Taiwan Birth Cohort Study dataset was used (N = 20,095). The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) cut-off point of 13/14 was considered optimal for screening of children at 66 months. More children were diagnosed with ASD in urban areas. Parents of children diagnosed with ASD had a higher level of education, but parents of children with a lower level of education were screened as being at higher risk of ASD...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926559/preoperative-immunonutrition-and-elective-colorectal-resection-outcomes
#18
Lucas W Thornblade, Thomas K Varghese, Xu Shi, Eric K Johnson, Amir Bastawrous, Richard P Billingham, Richard Thirlby, Alessandro Fichera, David R Flum
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials demonstrate the efficacy of arginine-enriched nutritional supplements (immunonutrition) in reducing complications after surgery. The effectiveness of preoperative immunonutrition has not been evaluated in a community setting. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether immunonutrition before elective colorectal surgery improves outcomes in the community at large. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study with a propensity score-matched comparative effectiveness evaluation...
January 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925391/academic-poster-design-at-a-national-conference-a-need-for-standardised-guidance
#19
Alan Gopal, Melody Redman, David Cox, David Foreman, Elizabeth Elsey, Simon Fleming
BACKGROUND: Academic posters are a common means of disseminating information at conferences. Presentation at conferences is frequently given weight in postgraduate training programme recruitment. Some conferences provide guidance for visual presentation of posters. For the Association of the Study of Medical Education (ASME) Annual Scientific Meeting (ASM) 2015, poster abstract guidance was provided; however, the guidance on poster design was limited to size and orientation. The aim of this study was to investigate academic poster quality at a national medical education conference to identify where standards could be promoted and improved...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925149/behavioural-interventions-to-promote-workers-use-of-respiratory-protective-equipment
#20
REVIEW
Bao Yen Luong Thanh, Malinee Laopaiboon, David Koh, Pornpun Sakunkoo, Hla Moe
BACKGROUND: Respiratory hazards are common in the workplace. Depending on the hazard and exposure, the health consequences may include: mild to life-threatening illnesses from infectious agents, acute effects ranging from respiratory irritation to chronic lung conditions, or even cancer from exposure to chemicals or toxins. Use of respiratory protective equipment (RPE) is an important preventive measure in many occupational settings. RPE only offers protection when worn properly, when removed safely and when it is either replaced or maintained regularly...
December 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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