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Katie Christensen, Sarah Janssens, Michael Beckmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of incorporating a standardized ward round (SWR) tool including checklists for communication, safety, and efficiency into ward rounds. METHODS: A prospective non-randomized, before-and-after observational study was conducted at a tertiary maternity hospital in Brisbane, Australia, between October 1, 2014, and October 1, 2015. Obstetric team members performing prenatal ward rounds used role-specific lanyards prompting the structure of each consultation...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Carl H Backes, Brian K Rivera, Jeffrey A Bridge, Aimee K Armstrong, Brian A Boe, Darren P Berman, Tyler Fick, Ralf J Holzer, Ziyad M Hijazi, Sylvia Abadir, Henri Justino, Lisa Bergersen, Charles V Smith, Haresh Kirpalani
CONTEXT: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a precursor to morbidity and mortality. Percutaneous (catheter-based) closure is the procedure of choice for adults and older children with a PDA, but use during infancy (<1 year) is not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the technical success and safety of percutaneous PDA closure during infancy. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, and Ovid (Medline) were searched through December 2015 with no language restrictions...
January 13, 2017: Pediatrics
Roxanne M Parslow, Sarah Harris, Jessica Broughton, Adla Alattas, Esther Crawley, Kirstie Haywood, Alison Shaw
OBJECTIVE: To synthesis the qualitative studies of children's experiences of chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-ethnography. BACKGROUND: CFS/ME is an important disabling illness, with uncertain cause and prognosis. As a result, children with CFS/ME can find themselves living with greater uncertainty and stigma, exacerbating the impact of the condition. There is a growing body of qualitative research in CFS/ME, yet there has been no attempt to systematically synthesis the studies involving children...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
Michael J Battistone, Andrea M Barker, J Peter Beck, Robert Z Tashjian, Grant W Cannon
BACKGROUND: We developed two objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) to educate and evaluate trainees in the evaluation and management of shoulder and knee pain. Our objective was to examine the evidence for validity of these OSCEs. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team of content experts developed checklists of exam maneuvers and criteria to guide rater observations. Content was proposed by faculty, supplemented by literature review, and finalized using a Delphi process...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
Nicole Passia, Samir Abou-Ayash, Daniela Bender, Elfriede Fritzer, Michael Graf, Stefanie Kappel, Ioannis Konstantinidis, Torsten Mundt, Nadine Frfr Maltzahn, Stefan Wolfart, Matthias Kern
PURPOSE: The aim of this multicenter single mandibular implant study was to compare the clinical outcome of an immediately loaded implant placed in the midline of an edentulous mandible with the clinical outcome when closed healing and delayed loading is chosen. Here, the patient recruitment period and the main reasons for exclusion were analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient recruitment was performed at nine German universities. Rather conservative inclusion and exclusion criteria, including denture satisfaction, denture status, a psychologic symptom checklist, and a defined bone height in the posterior mandible, had to be fulfilled...
January 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Andreas D Flouris, Petros C Dinas, Angelica Valente, Cláudia Marlise Balbinotti Andrade, Nair Honda Kawashita, Paraskevi Sakellariou
Understanding the impact of regular exercise training on uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) activity in classical brown adipose tissue (CBAT) is vital to our knowledge of whole-body thermogenic activity. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the available experimental evidence on the effect of regular exercise training on UCP1 expression in CBAT. We performed a literature search using PubMed (1966-2016), Scopus, and EMBASE (1974-2016). Studies in any language that examined the effect of regular exercise training on UCP1 expression in CBAT, and not white adipose tissue (WAT), were eligible...
January 13, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
William F Bond, Hanna C Gonzalez, Amy M Funk, Linda S Fehr, Jeremy S McGarvey, Jessica D Svendsen, Robert Sawicki
OBJECTIVE: Multimodal curricular assessment after adding standardized patient (SP) actor-based simulation to an advance care planning (ACP) facilitator training course and development of a formative feedback tool. BACKGROUND: ACP represents a highly valued service requiring more and better trained facilitators. METHODS: Participants were primarily nurses and social workers in a large multisite health system. The course included a precourse video demonstration of ACP, traditional lectures, and four 30-minute simulations with SPs...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Stephen Bent, Katherine Dang, Felicia Widjaja, Brittany Lawton, Nazneen, Robert L Hendren
OBJECTIVES: Certain clinical providers specialize in providing complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) therapies for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Because many of these providers and their patients/families have reported substantial improvement, the authors developed an online platform to carefully examine these clinical practices. The initial goal was to examine the feasibility of prospective data collection in this setting. The larger goals were to characterize the tests and treatments used in these clinics; examine associations between specific treatments, biomarkers, and improved outcomes; and identify promising treatments for future study...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Lishou Xiong, Xiaorong Gong, Kewin Tien-Ho Siah, Nitesh Pratap, Uday Chand Ghoshal, Murdani Abdullah, Ari Fahrial Syam, Young-Tae Bak, Myung-Gyu Choi, Ching-Liang Lu, Sutep Gonlachanvit, Andrew Seng Boon Chua, Kuck-Meng Chong, Jane D Ricaforte-Campos, Quan Shi, Xiaohua Hou, William E Whitehead, Kok-Ann Gwee, Minhu Chen
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Information on real world treatment experiences of patients with functional bowel disorders is lacking from Asia. We aimed to describe the medication exposure and treatment satisfaction of patients presenting to gastroenterology clinics across a sampling of Asian cities. METHODS: From March 2011 to October 2013, adult patients presenting to hospital based gastroenterology outpatient clinics in 11 cities across Asia, who fulfilled screening criteria for any functional GI disorder, were asked to complete a validated culturally-adapted translation of the Rome III diagnostic questionnaire, a checklist of medications received in the preceding 3 months and questions on treatment satisfaction...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Jennifer J Doering, Dauphne A Sims, Donald D Miller
Postpartum sleep and fatigue have bidirectional relationships with depressive symptoms and challenge women's everyday functioning. The everyday process of managing postpartum sleep and fatigue in the context of depressive symptoms remains unexplored. We conducted a grounded theory study with a sample of 19 women who screened positive on the Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS™) Short Form at 3 weeks postpartum. Women completed semi-structured in-home interviews and the full PDSS and Modified Fatigue Symptoms Checklist at 1, 3, and 6 months postpartum...
January 13, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
Maurício da Silva Baptista, Jean Cadet, Paolo Di Mascio, Ashwini A Ghogare, Alexander Greer, Michael R Hamblin, Carolina Lorente, Silvia Cristina Nunez, Martha Simões Ribeiro, Andrés H Thomas, Mariana Vignoni, Tania Mateus Yoshimura
Here, ten guidelines are presented for a standardized definition of type I and II photosensitized oxidation reactions. Because of varied notions of reactions mediated by photosensitizers, a checklist of recommendations is provided for their definitions. Type I and type II photoreactions are oxygen-dependent and involve unstable species such as the initial formation of radical cation or neutral radicals from the substrates and/or singlet oxygen ((1) O2(1) ∆g ) by energy transfer to molecular oxygen. In addition, superoxide anion radical (O2(•-) ) can be generated by a charge transfer reaction involving O2 or more likely indirectly as the result of O2 -mediated oxidation of the radical anion of type I photosensitizers...
January 13, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Ghizlane Aarab, Maria Nikolopoulou, Jari Ahlberg, Martijn W Heymans, Hans L Hamburger, Jan de Lange, Frank Lobbezoo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this randomized placebo-controlled trail was to compare the effects of an objectively titrated mandibular advancement device (MAD) with those of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) and an intraoral placebo device on symptoms of psychological distress in OSA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a parallel design, 64 mild/moderate OSA patients (52.0 ± 9.6 years) were randomly assigned to an objectively titrated MAD, nCPAP, or an intraoral placebo appliance...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
Zhuoxin Peng, Shengnan Wang, Biao Xu, Weibing Wang
OBJECTIVES: To identify the barriers and enablers of the Prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV Program in China. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of existing literature regarding barriers and the enablers for the implementation of PMTCT in China. The checklist from Supporting the Use of Research Evidence (SURE) guidelines was used to synthesize the barriers and enablers (supporting strategies) and analyze their relationship. We also extracted HIV testing rate, vertical transmission rate, anti-retroviral treatment (ART) acceptance rate among HIV-infected women and their infants from the included studies to assess the effectiveness of the enablers...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Eva Penelo, Núria de la Osa, José Blas Navarro, Josep Maria Domènech, Lourdes Ezpeleta
We provide the first validation data on the Spanish version of the Brief Problem Monitor-Parent form (BPM-P), a recently developed abbreviated version of the 120-item Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6 to 18 (CBCL/6-18) in young schoolchildren. Parents of a community sample of 521 children aged 6-8 answered the CBCL/6-18 yearly, and the 19 BPM-P items were examined; parents also provided different measures of psychopathology. Confirmatory factor analysis of the expected 3-factor model (attention, externalizing, and internalizing) showed adequate fit (root mean square error of approximation, RMSEA ≤ ...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
Anna Clebone, Barbara K Burian, Scott C Watkins, Jorge A Gálvez, Justin L Lockman, Eugenie S Heitmiller
Cognitive aids such as checklists are commonly used in modern operating rooms for routine processes, and the use of such aids may be even more important during critical events. The Quality and Safety Committee of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia (SPA) has developed a set of critical-event checklists and cognitive aids designed for 3 purposes: (1) as a repository of the latest evidence-based and expert opinion-based information to guide response and management of critical events, (2) as a source of just-in-time information during critical events, and (3) as a method to facilitate a shared understanding of required actions among team members during a critical event...
January 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Isabela Sallum, Fernanda Gomes da Mata, Nathália Falcone Cheib, Charles W Mathias, Débora Marques Miranda, Leandro Fernandes Malloy-Diniz
OBJECTIVE: Working memory is a fundamental cognitive function and is predictive of outcomes and achievement in a wide range of domains from an early age. The focus of this study was to develop a computerized Brazilian version of the Self-Ordered Pointing Task (SOPT) for preschoolers and to provide initial normative and validation data for this task. METHODS: The sample of the present study was composed of 248 children aged 3 (n = 41), 4 (n = 88) and 5 (n = 119) years from 13 private and public schools in Belo Horizonte...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Jae Lan Shim, Seon Young Hwang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a heart health diary to promote self-care ability among patients with heart failure (HF), and to identify the diary's effect on self-care adherence, self-efficacy, and physical activity. METHODS: A randomized control-group pretestposttest design was adopted using block randomization. A calender-typed health diary was developed and it included a self-care checklist and education information on HF management. The experimental group were given guided counseling and education for 8 weeks and wrote a daily health diary during that period...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Andrea Horvath, Jan Łukasik, Hania Szajewska
BACKGROUND: Effective treatments for the core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are still lacking. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to update the data on the effectiveness of ω-3 (n-3) fatty acid (FA) supplementation as a treatment for ASD. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases were systematically searched up until August 2016, with no language restrictions for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing ω-3 FA supplementation with placebo or with no supplementation...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
Rachel Kohn, Vanessa Madden, Jeremy M Kahn, David A Asch, Amber E Barnato, Scott D Halpern, Meeta Prasad Kerlin
RATIONALE: Several intensive care unit (ICU) organizational practices have been associated with improved patient outcomes. However, the uptake of these evidence-based practices is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess diffusion of ICU organizational practices across the state of Pennsylvania. METHODS: We conducted two web-based, cross-sectional surveys of ICU organizational practices in Pennsylvania acute care hospitals, in 2005 (chief nursing officer respondents) and 2014 (ICU nurse manager respondents)...
January 11, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Luis Villalobos-Gallegos, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete, Calos Roncero, Hugo González-Cantú
Objective: To identify symptom-based subgroups within a sample of patients with co-occurring disorders (CODs) and to analyze intersubgroup differences in mental health services utilization. Methods: Two hundred and fifteen patients with COD from an addiction clinic completed the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised. Subgroups were determined using latent class profile analysis. Services utilization data were collected from electronic records during a 3-year span. Results: The five-class model obtained the best fit (Bayesian information criteria [BIC] = 3,546...
January 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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