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Sara Bermejo de Las Heras, Licia De la Calle de la Rosa, Javier Arias Díaz, Manuel Giner, Antonio Luis Blesa Malpica
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is particularly prevalent among intensive care unit (ICU) patients, being associated with poor clinical results. Enteral nutrition (EN) offers multiple benefits on critically ill patients and its monitoring was established by the Spanish Society of Critical Care (SEMICYUC) as a clinical quality indicator (CQI; EN patients correctly monitorized / all EN patients, as %). However, no results have been published on its regulated monitoring. OBJECTIVES: Assessing CQI's compliance, identifying difficulties and possibilities for its use...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Valérie Poulin, Deirdre R Dawson, Carolina Bottari, Cynthia Verreault, Samantha Turcotte, Alexandra Jean
PURPOSE: To identify and critically appraise the content, readability, reliability and usability of websites providing information for managing cognitive difficulties in everyday life for the families of adults with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. METHOD: Systematic searches on the Internet for relevant websites were conducted using five search engines, and through consultation of the lists of resources published on websites of traumatic brain injury organizations...
March 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Shwu-Feng Tsay, Shih-Chung Chen, Shu-Jen Lu, Li-Ting Liu
Taiwan is projected to become an aged society in 2018. In addition to establishing a comprehensive, long-term care system that is able to deal with the expected impacts of population aging, it is imperative that the government focus on improving the prevention of aging-related conditions. This article introduces the innovative preventive care policy promoted by Taiwan's Ministry of Health and Welfare and its preliminary results. Furthermore, the foundational ideas behind this policy and how it is being executed are explained...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Dicle Sapmaz, Saliha Baykal, Seher Akbaş
The aim of this study was to describe clinical features of PBD comorbidity in children with ASD. Forty children with ASD and PBD aged 6-18 years, and 40 age- and sex-matched ASD subjects with no affective episodes were included in the study. Autism Behavior CheckList, Abberant Behavior CheckList, and Young Mania Rating Scale-Parent Version were completed. This study shows that PBD comorbidity in children with ASD involves a highly episodic course, with manic episodes, subsyndromal symptoms and interepisodic periods commonly being described in the manic symptom profile of these children...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Fatemeh Janani, Farahnaz Changaee
Introduction: Hypertension in pregnancy is one of the three factors of maternal mortality. Etiology of the disease is unknown, but the many factors contributing to the identification and control of it can be taken a step to prevent and reduce the symptoms of the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of preeclampsia (high-blood pressure) in different seasons of the year. Methods: The present retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on more than 8,000 pregnant women visiting Assali specialized hospital from 2011 to 2013...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Claudia M Balzaretti, Katia Razzini, Silvia Ziviani, Sabrina Ratti, Vesna Milicevic, Luca M Chiesa, Sara Panseri, Marta Castrica
The purpose of this study was to elaborate a checklist with an inspection scoring system at national level in order to assess compliance with sanitary hygiene requirements of food services. The inspection scoring system was elaborated taking into account the guidelines drawn up by NYC Department of Food Safety and Mental Hygiene. Moreover the checklist was used simultaneously with the standard inspection protocol adopted by Servizio Igiene Alimenti Nutrizione ( Servizio Igiene Alimenti Nutrizione - Ss. I.A...
October 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
Abdullah Alhuzaimi, Alwaleed Aljohar, Ahmad N Alhadi, Abdulqudous Aljenedil, Ahmad S Hersi
Purpose: Syncope is a common condition affecting almost one-third of the general population. The present study measures the prevalence of psychiatric traits in patients presenting with syncope (unexplained and vasovagal) and whether recurrent attacks have an impact on psychiatric profiles. Patients and methods: This is a case-control study in a tertiary hospital enrolling all patients aged ≥12 years with single or recurrent syncopal attacks. A self-reporting psychometric questionnaire (The Symptoms Checklist-90-Revised) was used to screen for depression, anxiety, somatization disorder, and phobia...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Qais Alemi, Carl Stempel, Patrick Marius Koga, Susanne Montgomery, Valerie Smith, Gagandeep Sandhu, Bianca Villegas, Jessica Requejo
BACKGROUND: We examined the mental health status and severity of psychological distress symptoms among young adults residing in Kabul, Afghanistan and determined how such outcomes might be influenced by an array of risk and protective factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was adopted using convenience, snowball, and street-intercept recruitment techniques. Surveys were completed by 232 young adults between 18 and 35 years of age in September 2015. We used both etic (mental health component of the SF-8) and emic (Afghan Symptom Checklist) measures of mental health and psychological distress, respectively, and regressed these outcome measures against socio-demographic, physical health, and psychological variables (resilience, hope-optimism) using ordinary least squares (OLS) regression methods...
March 21, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Pierre Fumeaux, Catherine Mercier, Sylvain Roche, Jean Iwaz, Philippe Stéphan, Olivier Revol
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine measurement invariance and discriminant validity of the French Lausanne version (FLV) of the Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised, Short Form (CPRS-R:S) and assess its convergent validity against the ADHD Symptoms Rating Scale (ADHD-SRS) and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). METHOD: A confirmatory factor analysis and Tobit models were used in 108 ADHD children (aged 6-17) vs. 794 controls (aged 9-15) and score correlations were examined between FLV and ADHD-SRS then CBCL...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
Joseph E Gaugler, Mark Reese, Mary S Mittelman
Purpose of the Study: A noted limitation of dementia caregiver intervention research is a lack of focus on the mechanisms of successful programs. The purpose of this study was to conduct a process evaluation of the New York University Caregiver Intervention-Adult Child (NYUCI-AC) to describe its delivery and determine which of its components were associated with key outcomes (caregiver stress and well-being; care recipient residential care admission). Design and Methods: Adult child caregivers randomly assigned to receive the NYUCI-AC intervention (n = 54) were included...
March 19, 2018: Gerontologist
Ana Celia Caetano, Sara Dias, André Santa-Cruz, Carla Rolanda
BACKGROUND: Recently, the Obstructed Defecation Syndrome score (ODS score) was developed and validated by Renzi to assess clinical staging and to allow evaluation and comparison of the efficacy of treatment of this disorder. OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to validate the Portuguese version of Renzi ODS score, according to the Consensus based Standards for the selection of the Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist. METHODS: Following guidelines for cross-cultural validity, Renzi ODS score was translated into the Portuguese language...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Yan Tan, Yunming Li, Juan Wu, Fuqin Chen, Hao Lu, Shijun Lu, Xianjun Yang, Xiao Ma
This study investigated the mental health of military transport personnel in the Western Sichuan Plateau of China, and factors that correlate with their mental health.The Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) was used to investigate the mental health status of the subjects. Their scores were compared with the national and military norm in China. Demographic factors were analyzed for associations with SCL-90 scores.Psychological problems were detected in 28.90% of total 1076 male officers and soldiers surveyed. The SCL-90 scale somatization score of these servicemen was higher than the national and military norms in China, while other scores were comparable...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Walid Ben-Nafa, Wendy Munro
INTRODUCTION: Lateral epicondylitis is a common musculoskeletal disorder of the upper limb. Corticosteroid injection has been widely used as a major mode of treatment. However, better understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease led to a major change in treating the disease, with new options including platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are currently used. Objectives/research aim: To systematically evaluate the effect of corticosteroid versus PRP injections for the treatment of LE. HYPOTHESIS: PRP injections provide longer-term therapeutic effect and less rate of complications compared to corticosteroid injection...
2018: SICOT-J
Mahdi Afshari, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Saeed Barzegari, Ehsan Abedini, Seyedeh Sakineh Salimi
PURPOSE: Visual impairment is responsible for medical, mental, and socio-economic problems. Several studies have investigated the prevalence of blindness and low vision in different parts of Iran. This study aims to estimate the pooled results of these studies to estimate the total prevalence of this problem in Iran. METHODS: National and international databases were searched using specific keywords. The selected primary studies were quality assessed using STROBE checklist...
March 21, 2018: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Vickie Plourde, Keith Owen Yeates, Brian L Brooks
OBJECTIVES: Individual differences in long-term psychosocial functioning after concussions in children and adolescents are poorly understood. The aim of the study was to investigate potential predictors of long-term psychosocial functioning and health-related quality of life in youth after prior concussion. METHODS: Participants (N=75; mean age=14.3 years old; 52% girls) with one prior concussion (n=24), multiple prior concussions (n=24), or a prior orthopedic injury and no concussion (n=27) were seen on average 2...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
Somayyeh Khazaeian, Nourossadat Kariman, Abbas Ebadi, Malihe Nasiri
Background and aim: Social capital and social support as determinants of health play an important role in the health of female heads of households. Considering the increasing number of female-headed families in Iran and the world, this study was conducted to systematically review the impact of social capital and social support on the health of female heads of households. Methods: This study was conducted as a systematic review in September 2016. Its data were collected from available papers in different databases including Iranmedex, Magiran, Scientific Information Database (SID), Irandoc, Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed and Google Scholar...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Dawn Perez, Kath Peters, Lesley Wilkes, Gillian Murphy
BACKGROUND: Physical restraints (PRs) are commonly used in intensive care units (ICUs) worldwide for the prevention of treatment interference. While PRs are fundamentally used to maintain patient safety, they can negatively impact the experiences of patients and their families and cause moral and ethical dilemmas for ICU nurses. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this integrative review was to explore the current literature on the use of PR in intensive care. METHODS: This article used an integrative review framework to explore the current literature available on the experiences of PR in ICU...
March 17, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
Mohammad Heidari, Mansureh Ghodusi Borujeni, Mansour Ghafourifard, Rahim Ali Sheikhi
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of various diseases in the elderly has increased the use of drugs, which is coupled with age-related physiological changes and places the elderly at risk for multiple side effects. The present study aimed to determine awareness, attitudes and practices of elderly towards self-medication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample included 300 participants over 60 years under any of the health centers in urban and rural areas of Abadeh city, who were selected based on stratified random sampling method...
March 20, 2018: Drug Research
Rozalynd P McConnaughy, Steven P Wilson
The goal of this content analysis was to identify commonly used content and design features of academic health sciences library home pages. After developing a checklist, data were collected from 135 academic health sciences library home pages. The core components of these library home pages included a contact phone number, a contact email address, an Ask-a-Librarian feature, the physical address listed, a feedback/suggestions link, subject guides, a discovery tool or database-specific search box, multimedia, social media, a site search option, a responsive web design, and a copyright year or update date...
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
Deborah Toppenberg-Pejcic, Jane Noyes, Tomas Allen, Nyka Alexander, Marsha Vanderford, Gaya Gamhewage
A rapid review of gray literature from 2015 to 2016 was conducted to identify the lessons learned for emergency risk communication from recent outbreaks of Ebola, Zika, and yellow fever. Gray literature databases and key websites were searched and requests for documents were posted to expert networks. A total of 83 documents met inclusion criteria, 68 of which are cited in this report. This article focuses on the 3 questions, out of 12 posed by World Health Organization as part of a Guideline development process, dealing most directly with communicating risk during health emergencies: community engagement, trust building, and social media...
March 20, 2018: Health Communication
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