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ultrasound osteoarthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016185/clinical-outcomes-of-knee-osteoarthritis-treated-with-an-autologous-protein-solution-injection-a-1-year-pilot-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Elizaveta Kon, Lars Engebretsen, Peter Verdonk, Stefan Nehrer, Giuseppe Filardo
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating disease resulting in substantial pain and functional limitations. A novel blood derivative has been developed to concentrate both growth factors and antagonists of inflammatory cytokines, with promising preliminary findings in terms of safety profile and clinical improvement. PURPOSE: To investigate if one intra-articular injection of autologous protein solution (APS) can reduce pain and improve function in patients affected by knee OA in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, saline-controlled study...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991041/quadriceps-function-and-knee-joint-ultrasonography-following-acl-reconstruction
#2
Derek N Pamukoff, Melissa M Montgomery, Tyler J Moffit, Michael N Vakula
PURPOSE: Individuals with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are at greater risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA), partially due to chronic quadriceps dysfunction. Articular cartilage is commonly assessed using magnetic resonance imaging and radiography, but these methods are expensive and lack portability. Ultrasound imaging may provide a cost-effective and portable alternative for imaging the femoral cartilage. The purpose of this study was to compare ultrasonography of the femoral cartilage between the injured and uninjured limbs of individuals with unilateral ACLR, and to examine the association between quadriceps function and ultrasonographic measures of femoral cartilage...
October 3, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975078/adding-intra-articular-growth-hormone-to-platelet-rich-plasma-under-ultrasound-guidance-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-comparative-double-blind-clinical-trial
#3
Poupak Rahimzadeh, Farnad Imani, Seyed-Hamid-Reza Faiz, Mahmoud-Reza Alebouyeh, Damoon Azad-Ehyaei, Leila Bahari, Arash Memarian, Kyung-Hoon Kim
INTRODUCTION: Intra-articular injections of platelet rich plasma (PRP) for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis have been shown to reduce pain and improve joint function. The aim of this study is to examine the joint function by adding intra-articular growth hormone to platelet rich plasma. This study was performed on the individuals with knee osteoarthritis and under ultrasound guidance. METHODS: Fifty four patients who were scheduled for ultra-sound guided intra-articular injection were enrolled in the study...
December 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970118/effects-of-lateral-wedge-insole-application-on-medial-compartment-knee-osteoarthritis-severity-evaluated-by-ultrasound
#4
Yosuke Ishii, Masataka Deie, Naoto Fujita, Hiroshi Kurumadani, Masakazu Ishikawa, Atsuo Nakamae, Seiju Hayashi, Jiro Hata, Nobuo Adachi, Toru Sunagawa
BACKGROUND: It is known that a lateral wedge insole (LWI) decreases medial loading stress in the knee. Medial meniscus pathology, such as a degenerative tear or a root tear, leading to malfunction and medial meniscus extrusion (MME), is a critical condition that leads to severe osteoarthritis (OA). However, the effect of LWI on MME is still unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of LWI use on MME in knee OA using ultrasonography. METHODS: Thirty-one knees from 18 patients with knee OA diagnosed radiographically were allocated to the OA group (mean age, 73...
September 29, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969753/rheumatoid-arthritis-masquerading-as-fibromyalgia
#5
Muhammad Armughan Ali, Marium Rehman, Mohammad Saeed
Symptoms of inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can overlap with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Moreover, FMS and RAcan coexist. Hence, the diagnosis of low intensity, antibody-negative RAmay present a challenge. Here, we present the case of a middle-aged woman thought to have FMS, osteoarthritis and osteoporosis for 4 years prior to being diagnosed as seronegative RAon musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSKUS). Targeted therapy with etanercept led to a complete clinical response and normalization of previously elevated C-reactive protein...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965723/high-frequency-ultrasound-imaging-of-tidemark-in-vitro-in-advanced-knee-osteoarthritis
#6
Yan-Ping Huang, Jin Zhong, Jie Chen, Chun-Hoi Yan, Yong-Ping Zheng, Chun-Yi Wen
High-frequency ultrasound imaging has been widely adopted for assessment of the degenerative changes of articular cartilage in osteoarthritis (OA). Yet, there are few reports on investigating its capability to evaluate subchondral bone. Here, we employed high-frequency ultrasound imaging (25 MHz) to examine in vitro the tidemark in cylindrical osteochondral disks (n = 33) harvested from advanced OA knees of humans. We found good correspondence in morphology observed by ultrasound imaging and micro-computed tomography...
September 28, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947452/a-hospital-based-observational-cohort-study-exploring-pain-and-biomarkers-in-patients-with-hand-osteoarthritis-in-norway-the-nor-hand-protocol
#7
Marthe Gløersen, Elisabeth Mulrooney, Alexander Mathiessen, Hilde Berner Hammer, Barbara Slatkowsky-Christensen, Karwan Faraj, Thore Isaksen, Tuhina Neogi, Tore K Kvien, Karin Magnusson, Ida Kristin Haugen
INTRODUCTION: We have limited knowledge about the underlying disease mechanisms and causes of pain in hand osteoarthritis (OA). Consequently, no disease-modifying drug exists, and more knowledge about the pathogenesis of hand OA is needed, as well as a validation of different outcome measures. Our first aim of this study is to explore the validity of various imaging modalities for the assessment of hand OA. Second, we want to gain a better understanding of the disease processes, with a special focus on pain mechanisms...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940031/the-role-of-thermal-balneotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-obese-patient-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#8
Stefano Masiero, Filippo Vittadini, Costanza Ferroni, Anna Bosco, Roberto Serra, Anna Chiara Frigo, Antonio Frizziero
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis clinically characterized by joint pain, functional limitation, and reduced quality of life. Several studies have shown a clear link between obesity and higher risk of knee OA. According to the multifactorial OA pathogenesis, the management of this condition requires a multidisciplinary approach. The objective of this study is to evaluate hydrokinesitherapy effects in thermal setting in obese patients with knee OA. Fifty-three patients were assessed for eligibility, of which 33 refused the treatment, while 10 patients dropped out after the enrollment for personal reasons or inability to adhere to the program...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932004/effects-of-pulsed-therapeutic-ultrasound-on-the-treatment-of-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#9
Eliana-Isabel Rodríguez-Grande, Jose-Luis Osma-Rueda, Yannely Serrano-Villar, Carolina Ramírez
[Purpose] The aim was to evaluate the effect of therapeutic ultrasound on the pain, joint mobility, muscle strength, physical function, and quality of life of people with knee OA. [Subjects and Methods] One-site, one-arm, before-after study that included people with Grade II or III tibiofemoral osteoarthritis. Ten therapeutic ultrasound sessions (duty cycle=20%, ERA=10 cm(2), BNR=6:1, SATP=2.2 W/cm(2), SATA=0.44 W/cm(2), frequency=1 MHz, time=4 minutes) were applied. Assessments of primary outcome variables: pain intensity and function, and secondary variables: joint mobility, muscle strength and quality of life, were performed at onset and end of therapy; an additional intermediate evaluation was included for the primary variables...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879056/ultrasound-detected-osteophytes-predict-the-development-of-radiographic-and-clinical-features-of-hand-osteoarthritis-in-the-same-finger-joints-5-years-later
#10
Alexander Mathiessen, Barbara Slatkowsky-Christensen, Tore K Kvien, Ida K Haugen, Hilde Berner Hammer
BACKGROUND: Structural pathology may be present in joints without radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis (OA). Ultrasound is a sensitive tool for early detection of osteophytes. Our aim was to explore whether ultrasound-detected osteophytes (in radiographically and clinically normal finger joints) predicted the development of radiographic and clinical hand OA 5 years later. METHODS: We included finger joints without radiographic OA (Kellgren-Lawrence grade (KLG)=0; n=301) or no clinical bony enlargements (n=717) at baseline and examined whether ultrasound-detected osteophytes predicted incident radiographic OA (KLG ≥1, osteophytes or joint space narrowing (JSN)) or incident clinical bony enlargement (dependent variables) in the same joints 5 years later...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774458/ultrasound-in-arthritis
#11
REVIEW
Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Claudia Schueller-Weidekamm, Athena Plagou, James Teh
Ultrasound is currently performed in everyday rheumatologic practice. It is used for early diagnosis, to monitor treatment results, and to diagnose remission. The spectrum of pathologies seen in arthritis with ultrasound includes early inflammatory features and associated complications. This article discusses the spectrum of ultrasound features of arthritides seen in rheumatoid arthritis and other connective tissue diseases in adults, such as Sjögren syndrome, lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis, polymyositis, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis...
September 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715299/test-retest-reliability-of-measurements-of-abdominal-and-multifidus-muscles-using-ultrasound-imaging-in-adults-aged-50-79-years
#12
W A Cuellar, L Blizzard, M L Callisaya, J A Hides, G Jones, C Ding, T M Winzenberg
Test-retest reliability of the combined process of ultrasound imaging (USI) and image measurement of thickness of abdominal and upper lumbar multifidus (MF) muscles and MF cross sectional area (CSA) of older adults has not been established. Imaging muscles of older adults can be challenging due to age-related changes in the spine and skeletal muscle so establishing test-retest reliability in this population is important. This study aimed to evaluate test-retest reliability of USI of abdominal and MF muscle thickness and MF CSA for adults aged 50-79 years...
April 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706837/intraosseous-infiltration-of-platelet-rich-plasma-for-severe-hip-osteoarthritis
#13
Nicolás Fiz, Juan Carlos Pérez, Jorge Guadilla, Ane Garate, Pello Sánchez, Sabino Padilla, Diego Delgado, Mikel Sánchez
This work describes a technique of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) infiltration for the treatment of severe hip osteoarthritis (OA). Although the results achieved with intra-articular infiltrations of PRP are promising, they may be insufficient in the long-term for severe hip OA. The technique consists of a combined intra-articular and intraosseous infiltration of PRP to reach all joint tissues, especially the subchondral bone, and hence facilitate a greater distribution of PRP. Diagnosis is based on clinical and radiographic findings, and patients with grade III OA according to the Tönnis scale, as well as patients who have not responded to conventional treatment, are considered candidates for this technique...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692451/the-value-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-in-geriatric-care-and-rehabilitation
#14
Büşra Can, Murat Kara, Özgür Kara, Zekeriya Ülger, Walter R Frontera, Levent Özçakar
The WHO reports that one of the major chronic conditions affecting the elderly worldwide is musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term pain and disability. Considering the healthcare needs of the elderly (i.e. comprehensive, accessible, efficient) and the advantages of ultrasound (US) use (patient-friendly, convenient, cost-effective, and does not require exposure to radiation or magnetic fields), there seems to be a 'gap' in the actual clinical practice. In this paper, we aimed to highlight the potential value of US imaging in the management of the elderly with a wide spectrum of musculoskeletal conditions (degenerative/rheumatic joint diseases, falls/trauma, nursing care, peripheral nerve problems, sarcopenia, and interventions)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660142/clinical-application-of-concentrated-bone-marrow-aspirate-in-orthopaedics-a-systematic-review
#15
Arianna L Gianakos, Li Sun, Jay N Patel, Donald M Adams, Frank A Liporace
AIM: To examine the evidence behind the use of concentrated bone marrow aspirate (cBMA) in cartilage, bone, and tendon repair; establish proof of concept for the use of cBMA in these biologic environments; and provide the level and quality of evidence substantiating the use of cBMA in the clinical setting. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review according to PRISMA guidelines. EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Web of Knowledge databases were screened for the use of cBMA in the repair of cartilage, bone, and tendon repair...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653865/sagittal-plane-knee-moment-during-gait-and-knee-cartilage-thickness
#16
Randy J Schmitz, David Harrison, Hsin-Min Wang, Sandra J Shultz
CONTEXT:   Understanding the factors associated with thicker cartilage in a healthy population is important when developing strategies aimed at minimizing the cartilage thinning associated with knee osteoarthritis progression. Thicker articular cartilage is commonly thought to be healthier cartilage, but whether the sagittal-plane biomechanics important to gait are related to cartilage thickness is unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the relationship of a weight-bearing region of the medial femoral condyle's cartilage thickness to sagittal gait biomechanics in healthy individuals...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638681/efficacy-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-and-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-in-a-rat-knee-osteoarthritis-model-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Volkan Yılmaz, Ömer Karadaş, Taner Dandinoğlu, Ebru Umay, Aytül Çakçı, Arif Kenan Tan
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on osteoarthritic rat knees. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four rats were divided into 3 groups: group 1-control (n=8), group 2-LIPUS (n=8) and group 3-ESWT (n=8). Cartilage degeneration was provided using mono-iodo-asetate (MIA). One milligram of MIA was delivered to the right knees in group 1 and both knees in group 2 and 3. A 0...
June 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638676/utilization-of-longitudinal-ultrasound-to-quantify-joint-soft-tissue-changes-in-a-mouse-model-of-posttraumatic-osteoarthritis
#18
Hao Xu, Echoe M Bouta, Ronald W Wood, Edward M Schwarz, Yongjun Wang, Lianping Xing
To assess the utility of longitudinal ultrasound (US) to quantify volumetric changes in joint soft tissues during the progression of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in mice, and validate the US results with histological findings. A longitudinal cohort of 3-month-old wild-type C57BL/6 male mice received the Hulth-Telhag surgical procedure on right knee to induce PTOA, and sham surgery on their left knee as control. US scans were performed on both knees before, 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks post-surgery. Joint space volume and Power-Doppler (PD) volume were obtained from US images via Amira software...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638116/laser-ultrasonic-delivery-of-agents-into-articular-cartilage
#19
Heikki J Nieminen, Gonçalo Barreto, Mikko A Finnilä, Alejandro García-Pérez, Ari Salmi, Sanjeev Ranjan, Kari K Eklund, Kenneth P H Pritzker, Simo Saarakkala, Edward Hæggström
Research is ongoing to develop drug therapies to manage osteoarthritis (OA) and articular cartilage (AC) injuries. However, means to deliver drug to localized AC lesions are highly limited and not clinically available. This study investigates the capability of laser ultrasound (laser-induced plasma sound source) to deliver agents (methylene blue, MB, in PBS) into bovine AC. Treatment samples (n = 10) were immersed in MB solution simultaneously with LU exposure, while adjacent control 1 tissue (n = 10) was pre-treated with LU followed by immersion in MB and adjacent control 2 tissue (n = 10) was only immersed in MB...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632664/outcome-of-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus-for-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#20
Ryusuke Saito, Tsuyoshi Nagase, Tomohiko Tateishi, Sadanori Shimizu, Takuya Kato, Teruhiko Nakagawa, Masamitsu Tsutiya
OBJECTIVE: Opening Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy (OWHTO) for knee osteoarthritis and for osteonecrosis has reported good results. Use of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) after OWHTO had become an option for the treatment of OWHTO since April 2016. The purpose of this study was to examine whether LIPUS has an accelerating effect on synostosis after OWHTO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The control subjects were 24 patients with a total of 26 knees (9 male with knees and 15 female with 17 knees treated) treated with OWHTO only...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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