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ultrasound osteoarthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078503/efficacy-of-pulsed-nd-yag-laser-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed Alayat, Tarek Helmy Ahmed Aly, Aly Elsayed Mohamed Elsayed, Ammar Suliman Mohamed Fadil
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pulsed Nd:YAG laser plus glucosamine/chondroitin sulfate (GCS) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by examining changes in pain and knee function, as well as synovial thickness (ST) and femoral cartilage thickness (FCT). Sixty-seven male patients participated, with a mean (SD) age of 53.85 (4.39) years, weight of 84.01 (4.70) kg, height of 171.51 (3.96) cm, and BMI of 28.56 (1.22). Group 1 was treated with high-intensity laser therapy (HILT), GCS, and exercises (HILT + GCS + EX)...
January 11, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077355/no-evidence-for-the-use-of-stem-cell-therapy-for-tendon-disorders-a-systematic-review
#2
Haiko I M F L Pas, Maarten H Moen, Hidde J Haisma, Marinus Winters
INTRODUCTION: Stem cells have emerged as a new treatment option for tendon disorders. We systematically reviewed the current evidence for stem cell therapy in tendon disorders. METHODS: Randomised and non-randomised controlled trials, cohort studies and case series with a minimum of 5 cases were searched in MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EMBASE, CINAHL, PEDro and SPORTDiscus. In addition, we searched grey literature databases and trial registers. Only human studies were included and no time or language restrictions were applied to our search...
January 11, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063227/lipus-suppressed-lps-induced-il-1%C3%AE-through-the-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-nuclear-translocation-via-at1-plc%C3%AE-pathway-in-mc3t3-e1
#3
Mayu Nagao, Natsuko Tanabe, Soichiro Manaka, Masako Naito, Kumiko Nakai, Tadahiro Takayama, Takayuki Kawato, Go Torigoe, Jumpei Sekino, Naoya Tsukune, Masao Maeno, Naoto Suzuki, Shuichi Sato
Inflammatory cytokines, interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, and TNF-a, are involved in inflammatory bone diseases such as rheumatoid osteoarthritis and periodontal disease. Particularly, periodontal disease, which destroys alveolar bone, is stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is used for bone healing in orthopedics and dental treatments. However,the mechanism underlying effects of LIPUS on LPS-induced inflammatory cytokine are not well understood. We therefore aimed to investigate the role of LIPUS on LPS-induced IL-1a production...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034603/useful-ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-the-medial-meniscus-as-a-feature-predicting-the-onset-of-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis
#4
Taiki Murakami, Makoto Enokida, Kei Kawaguchi, Ryoji Otsuki, Hideki Nagashima
OBJECTIVE: Medial radial displacement (MRD) of the medial meniscus is a feature proving a dysfunction in the medial meniscus in osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. MRD was measured in radiographic pre-OA knee and early osteoarthritis of the knee (early-OA) longitudinally using ultrasound (US) to investigate the characteristics involved in the onset and progression of OA. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with pain on the medial side of the knee participated in the present study...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031953/ultrasound-with-mineral-water-or-aqua-gel-to-reduce-pain-and-improve-the-womac-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Sahar Ahmed Abdalbary
AIMS: Osteoarthritis is the most degenerative joint disease. The aim was to investigate the effects of ultrasound using mineral water or aqua sonic gel on severity of knee pain, measured by the visual analog scale and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty women with bilateral osteoarthritis of the knee were assigned to two groups: ultrasound with mineral water (group 1, n = 15) or with aqua sonic gel (group 2, n = 15)...
March 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025728/semiautomatic-classification-of-acetabular-shape-from-three-dimensional-ultrasound-for-diagnosis-of-infant-hip-dysplasia-using-geometric-features
#6
Abhilash Rakkunedeth Hareendranathan, Dornoosh Zonoobi, Myles Mabee, Chad Diederichs, Kumaradevan Punithakumar, Michelle Noga, Jacob L Jaremko
PURPOSE: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a congenital deformity which in severe cases leads to hip dislocation and in milder cases to premature osteoarthritis. Image-aided diagnosis of DDH is partly based on Graf classification which quantifies the acetabular shape seen at two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS), which leads to high inter-scan variance. 3D ultrasound (3DUS) is a promising alternative for more reliable DDH diagnosis. However, manual quantification of acetabular shape from 3DUS is cumbersome...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002900/pain-reduction-and-improvement-of-function-following-ultrasound-guided-intra-articular-injections-of-triamcinolone-hexacetonide-and-hyaluronic-acid-in-hip-osteoarthritis
#7
J P Araújo, L Silva, R Andrade, M Paços, H Moreira, N Migueis, R Pereira, A Sarmento, H Pereira, N Loureiro, J Espregueira-Mendes
The scientific literature has shown positive results regarding intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid in osteoarthritic joints. When injecting in the hip joint, the guidance of ultrasound can provide higher injection accuracy and repeatability. However, due to the methodological limitations in the current available literature, its recommendation in the current practice is still controversial. This study shows that ultrasound-guided intra-articular injections of triamcinolone hexacetonide and hyaluronic acid can improve pain, function and quality of life in patients with symptomatic and radiographic hip osteoarthritis...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994874/pelvic-congestion-syndrome-masquerading-as-osteoarthritis-of-the-hip
#8
Scott J Dos Santos, Mark S Whiteley
OBJECTIVES: Pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) is associated with pelvic vein reflux (PVR), occasionally secondary to venous compression. Its symptoms, usually intra-pelvic, are alleviated following the abolition of this reflux by pelvic vein embolisation (PVE). The objective of this report is to present two cases of left hip pain, erroneously diagnosed as osteoarthritis, which disappeared after successful PVE and abolition of PVR. METHODS: Two females presented with lower limb varicose veins, and also had a history of left-sided hip pain...
2016: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965137/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2016-imaging
#9
REVIEW
Mikael Boesen, Karen Ellegaard, Marius Henriksen, Henrik Gudbergsen, Philip Hansen, Henning Bliddal, Else Marie Bartels, Robert Gabriel Riis
PURPOSE: The current narrative review covers original research related to imaging in osteoarthritis (OA) in humans published in English between April 1st 2015 and March 31st 2016, in peer reviewed journals available in Medline via PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/) METHODS: Relevant studies in humans, subjectively decided by the authors, contributing significantly to the OA imaging field, were selected from an extensive Medline search using the terms "Osteoarthritis" in combination with "MRI", "Imaging", "Radiography", "X-rays", "Ultrasound", "Computed tomography", "Nuclear medicine", "PET-CT", "PET-MRI", "Scintigraphy", "SPECT"...
December 10, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931960/imaging-of-osteoarthritis-oa-what-is-new
#10
REVIEW
Alexander Mathiessen, Marco Amedeo Cimmino, Hilde Berner Hammer, Ida Kristin Haugen, Annamaria Iagnocco, Philip G Conaghan
In daily clinical practice, conventional radiography is still the most applied imaging technique to supplement clinical examination of patients with suspected osteoarthritis (OA); it may not always be needed for diagnosis. Modern imaging modalities can visualize multiple aspects of the joint, and depending on the diagnostic need, radiography may no longer be the modality of choice. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a complete assessment of the joint and has a pivotal role in OA research. Computed tomography (CT) and nuclear medicine offer alternatives in research scenarios, while ultrasound can visualize bony and soft-tissue pathologies and is highly feasible in the clinic...
August 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914723/evaluation-of-knee-cartilage-thickness-a-comparison-between-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-methods
#11
Randy J Schmitz, Hsin-Min Wang, Daniel R Polprasert, Robert A Kraft, Brian G Pietrosimone
BACKGROUND: Establishing clinically accessible measures of cartilage health is critical for assessing effectiveness of protocols to reduce risk of osteoarthritis (OA) development and progression. Cartilage thickness is one important measure in describing both OA development and progression. The objective was to determine the relationship between ultrasound and MRI measures of cartilage thickness in the medial femoral condyle. METHODS: Mean cartilage thicknesses of the left medial femoral cartilage were measured via T1 weighted MRI and ultrasound imaging from transverse, anterior, middle, and posterior medial femoral regions in 10 healthy females (Mean±Std Dev) (1...
November 30, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908189/thermoacoustic-imaging-of-rabbit-knee-joints
#12
Zihui Chi, Yuan Zhao, Lin Huang, Zhu Zheng, Huabei Jiang
PURPOSE: Knee joint is one of the largest and most complex joints of the body. Knee joint diseases are common, and current clinical imaging technologies such as x-ray computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound imaging have limitations in the diagnosis of knee joint diseases. Emerging imaging technologies such as diffuse optical tomography and photoacoustic imaging (PAI) have been applied to the detection of osteoarthritis (OA). However, they are limited to small joints such as the finger and difficult to be used for large joints such as the knee...
December 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891055/imaging-guidance-improves-the-results-of-viscosupplementation-with-hanox-m-xl-in-patients-with-ankle-osteoarthritis-results-of-a-clinical-survey-in-50-patients-treated-in-daily-practice
#13
Marie Bossert, Daniel Boublil, Jean-Marc Parisaux, Ana-Maria Bozgan, Emmanuel Richelme, Thierry Conrozier
BACKGROUND: The objective of this survey was to assess retrospectively the interest of performing viscosupplementation using imaging guidance in patients suffering from ankle osteoarthritis (OA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a multicenter retrospective survey using a standardized questionnaire. Fifty patients suffering from ankle OA and treated, in daily clinical practice, with a single intra-articular injection of a novel viscosupplement made of a combination of a non-animal cross-linked hyaluronan and mannitol, HANOX M-XL, were included in the survey...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890438/short-term-clinical-results-of-frozen-shoulder-treated-with-shoulder-manipulation-under-ultrasound-guided-cervical-nerve-root-block-at-outpatient-setting-a-case-series
#14
Tomohiro Saito, Hideyuki Sasanuma, Yuki Iijima, Yuji Kanaya, Toshihiro Saito, Hideaki Watanabe, Ichiro Kikkawa, Katsushi Takeshita
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the short-term clinical outcomes of frozen shoulder treatment via shoulder manipulation under ultrasound-guided cervical nerve root block (MUC). METHODS: This study included frozen shoulder patients who were unresponsive to conservative therapy for at least 6 months and were then treated with MUC. Patients with a rotator cuff tear, calcifying tendinitis, osteoarthritis, or any other shoulder disorder were excluded following X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging evaluation...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875368/analgesic-effect-and-functional-improvement-caused-by-radiofrequency-treatment-of-genicular-nerves-in-patients-with-advanced-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-until-1-year-following-treatment
#15
María M Santana Pineda, Luc E Vanlinthout, Ana Moreno Martín, Jan van Zundert, Fernando Rodriguez Huertas, José P Novalbos Ruiz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Radiofrequency ablation of genicular nerves has proved to be successful in relieving pain and incapacity caused by osteoarthritis of the knee. However, long-term efficacy of such a treatment remains to be assessed. The current study aimed to reproduce radiofrequency neurotomy of genicular nerves to manage gonarthrosis pain and disability and establish therapeutic response until 1 year after intervention. METHODS: This single-center, prospective, observational, noncontrolled, longitudinal study included patients with grade 3 to 4 gonarthrosis suffering from intractable knee pain, scoring 5 or more on the visual analog scale (VAS) during >6 months...
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822391/ultrasound-guided-genicular-nerve-thermal-radiofrequency-ablation-for-chronic-knee-pain
#16
Joshua Wong, Nicholas Bremer, Paul D Weyker, Christopher A J Webb
Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is one of the most common joint diseases affecting adults in the United States. For elderly patients with multiple medical comorbidities who do not wish to undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA), lifestyle modification, pharmacologic management, and injections are the mainstay of therapy. Previously, pain management interventions were limited to intra-articular joint injections and viscosupplementation with hyaluronic acid. Fluoroscopic-guided techniques for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the genicular nerves have been previously described and a recent cadaveric study suggests that ultrasound-guided genicular nerve blocks can be performed accurately...
2016: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821994/a-new-treatment-for-knee-osteoarthritis-clinical-evidence-for-the-efficacy-of-arthrokinex%C3%A2-autologous-conditioned-serum
#17
Angelique Barreto, Timothy R Braun
OBJECTIVE: The desired therapeutic effect of Arthrokinex™ autologous conditioned serum (ACS) is facilitated by the ability of IL-1-Ra to limit the destructive inflammatory intra-articular (IA) actions of IL-1β. Previous studies have proven the capacity of Arthrokinex™ (ACS) to induce the anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-1-Ra. The primary purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the effect of Arthrokinex™ (ACS) to reduce pain, improve joint function and enhance quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777821/development-of-a-protocol-for-spect-ct-in-the-assessment-of-wrist-disorders
#18
Aude Le Corre, Kym Phuong Huynh, Rasmeet Singh Dhaliwal, Gregory Ian Bain
Background Single-photon emission computed tomography and computed tomography (SPECT/CT) is a hybrid diagnostic imaging modality that allows clinicians to integrate their diagnostic evaluations and deliver a definitive diagnosis in musculoskeletal disorders. Specifically, in identification of osseous pathology, the conventional bone scan delivers greater specificity compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, use of SPECT/CT enhances the sensitivity and specificity. Use of this modality denotes the possibility to specify the lesion more accurately and precisely while grading the activity according to osseous structural changes...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774951/-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-promotes-extracellular-matrix-synthesis-of-human-osteoarthritis-chondrocytes
#19
Dengkui DU, Shirong Chen, Gang Yi, Pan Wang, Ying Tang, Liwen Zheng, Junnan Chen
Objective To investigate the effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on the extracellular matrix synthesis of human osteoarthritis (OA) chondrocytes and explore the underlying mechanism. Methods Human osteoarthritis chondrocytes were collected from abandoned articular cartilage. Then the cells were cultured and identified by toluidine blue staining and immunocytochemical staining of type 2 collagen. The passage 2 cells were randomly divided into 3 groups: control OA group, 30 mW/cm(2) LIPUS-treated OA group, 30 mW/cm(2) LIPUS combined with 5 μmol/L LY294002-treated OA group...
November 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755179/imaging-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#20
Win M Oo, James M Linklater, David J Hunter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Osteoarthritis is the most prevalent and disabling disease still necessitating research in pathogenic mechanisms, predictors of disease progression and responsive techniques to detect the slow structural changes within a short time frame. In this scenario, imaging modalities are essential. With recent advancements in technology and availability of large longitudinal datasets, tremendous advances are occurring. The present review discusses and summarizes recent original publications in this area...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
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