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ultrasound osteoarthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653865/sagittal-plane-knee-moment-during-gait-and-knee-cartilage-thickness
#1
Randy J Schmitz, David Harrison, Hsin-Min Wang, Sandra J Shultz
CONTEXT:   Understanding the factors associated with thicker cartilage in a healthy population is important when developing strategies aimed at minimizing the cartilage thinning associated with knee osteoarthritis progression. Thicker articular cartilage is commonly thought to be healthier cartilage, but whether the sagittal-plane biomechanics important to gait are related to cartilage thickness is unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the relationship of a weight-bearing region of the medial femoral condyle's cartilage thickness to sagittal gait biomechanics in healthy individuals...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638681/efficacy-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-and-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-in-a-rat-knee-osteoarthritis-model-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Volkan Yılmaz, Ömer Karadaş, Taner Dandinoğlu, Ebru Umay, Aytül Çakçı, Arif Kenan Tan
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on osteoarthritic rat knees. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four rats were divided into 3 groups: group 1-control (n=8), group 2-LIPUS (n=8) and group 3-ESWT (n=8). Cartilage degeneration was provided using mono-iodo-asetate (MIA). One milligram of MIA was delivered to the right knees in group 1 and both knees in group 2 and 3. A 0...
June 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638676/utilization-of-longitudinal-ultrasound-to-quantify-joint-soft-tissue-changes-in-a-mouse-model-of-posttraumatic-osteoarthritis
#3
Hao Xu, Echoe M Bouta, Ronald W Wood, Edward M Schwarz, Yongjun Wang, Lianping Xing
To assess the utility of longitudinal ultrasound (US) to quantify volumetric changes in joint soft tissues during the progression of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in mice, and validate the US results with histological findings. A longitudinal cohort of 3-month-old wild-type C57BL/6 male mice received the Hulth-Telhag surgical procedure on right knee to induce PTOA, and sham surgery on their left knee as control. US scans were performed on both knees before, 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks post-surgery. Joint space volume and Power-Doppler (PD) volume were obtained from US images via Amira software...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638116/laser-ultrasonic-delivery-of-agents-into-articular-cartilage
#4
Heikki J Nieminen, Gonçalo Barreto, Mikko A Finnilä, Alejandro García-Pérez, Ari Salmi, Sanjeev Ranjan, Kari K Eklund, Kenneth P H Pritzker, Simo Saarakkala, Edward Hæggström
Research is ongoing to develop drug therapies to manage osteoarthritis (OA) and articular cartilage (AC) injuries. However, means to deliver drug to localized AC lesions are highly limited and not clinically available. This study investigates the capability of laser ultrasound (laser-induced plasma sound source) to deliver agents (methylene blue, MB, in PBS) into bovine AC. Treatment samples (n = 10) were immersed in MB solution simultaneously with LU exposure, while adjacent control 1 tissue (n = 10) was pre-treated with LU followed by immersion in MB and adjacent control 2 tissue (n = 10) was only immersed in MB...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632664/outcome-of-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus-for-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#5
Ryusuke Saito, Tsuyoshi Nagase, Tomohiko Tateishi, Sadanori Shimizu, Takuya Kato, Teruhiko Nakagawa, Masamitsu Tsutiya
OBJECTIVE: Opening Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy (OWHTO) for knee osteoarthritis and for osteonecrosis has reported good results. Use of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) after OWHTO had become an option for the treatment of OWHTO since April 2016. The purpose of this study was to examine whether LIPUS has an accelerating effect on synostosis after OWHTO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The control subjects were 24 patients with a total of 26 knees (9 male with knees and 15 female with 17 knees treated) treated with OWHTO only...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606838/the-role-of-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-on-cartilage-healing-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Joshua Rothenberg, Prathap Jayaram, Usker Naqvi, Joslyn Gober, Gerard A Malanga
Ultrasound (US) is a therapeutic modality that has been used in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions for decades. In recent years, there have been technological advancements using low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) as a clinical modality. The purpose of this review was to critically examine the medical literature to determine the effects of LIPUS on the chondrogenic properties of knee osteoarthritis. A literature search of 3 major databases (PubMed, Scopus, and EMBASE) was performed. Two independent physician reviewers screened titles and abstracts, yielding a total of 18 relevant articles after the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
June 9, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529656/imaging-modalities-in-patients-with-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#7
T Hesper, C Zilkens, B Bittersohl, R Krauspe
BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a frequent disorder of the adolescent hip, which may lead to avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head, chondrolysis and early osteoarthritis due to the post-slip deformity of the proximal femur. To warrant the best possible outcome for the affected (and contralateral) hip, early diagnosis and proper treatment are needed. METHODS: A review of the literature was undertaken to identify today's role of available imaging modalities in the management of SCFE...
April 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471034/ultrasonography-detected-subclinical-inflammation-in-patients-with-hand-osteoarthritis-and-established-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-comparison-between-two-different-pathologies-using-the-same-ultrasound-examination-protocol
#8
Sidra Hussain, Priyanka Sivakumaran, Anna Gill, Delfin Dhas, Coziana Ciurtin
OBJECTIVES: A recent review of ultrasound (US) studies in osteoarthritis (OA) showed very limited data about hand OA. Previous US studies in patients with OA described a degree of overlap between the US appearance of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and OA joints. The present study aimed to assess the US features of subclinical inflammation in RA and hand OA, using the same US examination protocol. METHODS: A retrospective, cohort study compared patients with established RA (n = 224) and hand OA (n = 73), with respect to several demographic, clinical, laboratory and US parameters...
May 4, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459239/effect-of-ultrasound-guided-acupotomy-vs-electro-acupuncture-on-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-study
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yu Ding, Yuexiang Wang, Xian Shi, Yun Luo, Yuhong Gao, Jingkun Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of acupotomy on knee osteoarthritis (KOA), compared to electro- acupuncture (EA). METHODS: Sixty KOA patients were randomly divided into 2 groups: ultrasound-guided acupotomy group and EA group; each had 3 weeks' therapy. After the treatment, by contrast before and after therapy, by comparing curative effects among groups, we looked into disease improvement degree through activities of daily living score (ADL), hospital for special surgery index (HSS), visual analogue scales score (VAS) and knee joint's infrared thermal imaging detection ...
August 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433472/the-influence-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-synovial-fluid-volumes-protein-concentrations-and-severity-of-pain-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#10
Carl P C Chen, Chih-Hsiu Cheng, Chih-Chin Hsu, Hsin-Chin Lin, Yi-Rong Tsai, Jean-Lon Chen
Knee pain is commonly seen in orthopedic and rehabilitation outpatient clinical settings. Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) are often complicated with joint soreness, swelling, weakness, and pain. These complaints are often caused by the excessive amount of synovial fluid (SF) accumulated in the bursae around the knee joint. This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of platelet rich plasma (PRP) in treating patients with minor to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA) combined with supra-patellar bursitis using a proteomic approach and clinical evaluation tool...
July 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429341/hyalone%C3%A2-in-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-hip-oa-data-from-the-antiage-register-seven-years-of-observation
#11
A Migliore, U Massafra, B Frediani, E Bizzi, E Sinelnikov Yzchaki, G Gigliucci, M Cassol, S Tormenta
OBJECTIVE: Several studies on knee osteoarthritis suggest that the intra-articular administration of hyaluronic acid products may be a relevant option in the management of patients with persistent pain. The aim of this study is to report the data of efficacy of US-guided HyalOne®/Hyalubrix® 60 injections in a large population of patients with hip osteoarthritis, repeated at least 2 times per year for up to seven years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective, post-marketing, cohort study...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390166/application-of-navigated-ultrasound-for-assessment-of-the-anterior-pelvic-plane-in-patients-with-degenerative-hip-diseases
#12
Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Tobias Martin, Wojciech Marek, Josef Kozak, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Marek Synder
OBJECTIVES: Correct positioning of the acetabular cup is the key for successful total-hip replacement. In common clinical practice, the target alignment of the cup is defined with respect to the anterior pelvic plane. In patients with substantial anterior pelvic plane inclination, this condition may lead to inappropriate distribution of the load on the cup, as most of the forces exerted within the hip joint act along the vertical axis. With the known pelvic inclination, it is possible to readjust the position of the cup with respect to the individual posture of the patient...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382187/ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#13
Manikandan Palaniappan, Venkatraman Indiran, Prabakaran Maduraimuthu
BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), a fracture through the physis with resultant slip of the epiphysis, is the most common hip abnormality in adolescents and is a major cause of early osteoarthritis. Plain radiograph is the initial modality used to evaluate patients with painful hip joints. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which do not involve radiation exposure, have also been used. This case report supports the view that ultrasound can be used as an initial, cost-effective and radiation-free modality for the evaluation of suspected SCFE...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357106/persistent-arthralgia-vomiting-and-hypercalcemia-as-the-initial-manifestations-of-hyperthyroidism-a-case-report
#14
Jingfang Liu, Xulei Tang, Jianguo Cheng, Xiaomei Yang, Yan Wang
A 53-year-old woman presented with persistent edema and pain of the metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints and the wrist, knee and ankle joints, with more recent intermittent nausea and vomiting. Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis was ineffective. No clinical manifestations typical of hyperthyroidism were observed. The results of the thyroid function tests were as follows: Thyroid-stimulating hormone, 0.003 µIU/ml; triiodothyronine (T3), 4.44 ng/ml;, thyroxine (T4) >30 µg/dl; free T3, 14...
February 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328826/effect-of-adductor-canal-block-on-medial-compartment-knee-pain-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-retrospective-comparative-study
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Doo-Hyung Lee, Michael Y Lee, Kyu-Sung Kwack, Seung-Hyun Yoon
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common disease in middle-aged and elderly people. Pain is the chief complaint of symptomatic KOA and a leading cause of chronic disability, which is most often found in medial knees. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of pain relief and functional improvement in KOA patients treated with ultrasound-guided adductor canal block (ACB).This is a 3-month retrospective case-controlled comparative study. Two hundred patients with anteromedial knee pain owing to KOA that was unresponsive to 3-month long conservative treatments...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295049/structure-symptom-relationship-with-wide-area-ultrasound-scanning-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#16
Jana Podlipská, Juhani M Koski, Päivi Kaukinen, Marianne Haapea, Osmo Tervonen, Jari P Arokoski, Simo Saarakkala
The aetiology of knee pain in osteoarthritis (OA) is heterogeneous and its relationship with structural changes and function is unclear. Our goal was to determine the prevalence of wide-area scanned ultrasound-defined knee OA structural features and their association with pain and functional impairment in 79 symptomatic and 63 asymptomatic subjects. All subjects underwent ultrasound knee wide-area scanning and the severity of articular cartilage degeneration, the presence and size of osteophytes, and meniscal extrusion were evaluated...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229810/ultrasound-of-the-osteoarthritic-joint
#17
REVIEW
Annamaria Iagnocco, Esperanza Naredo
Ultrasound (US) has acquired an increasing role in the assessment of joint and periarticular abnormalities in osteoarthritis (OA). It is able to image a large set of abnormalities in this disease which include both inflammatory and structural changes at different peripheral joint sites and it is helpful in guiding local procedures that can be easily and safely performed with optimal patient's tolerance. US is a feasible imaging modality that has become a bedside procedure in the rheumatology clinical practice, thus filling the gap between clinical and radiographic evaluations of patients with OA...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226218/assessing-cartilage-biomechanical-properties-techniques-for-evaluating-the-functional-performance-of-cartilage-in-health-and-disease
#18
Benjamin A Lakin, Brian D Snyder, Mark W Grinstaff
Osteoarthritis (OA) affects millions of people and results in weakened hyaline cartilage due to overloading. During joint articulation, hyaline cartilage must withstand high loads while maintaining low friction to prevent wear and tissue loss. Thus, cartilage compressive stiffness and the coefficient of friction are important indicators of the tissue's functional performance. These mechanical properties are often measured ex vivo using mechanical testing regimens, but arthroscopic handheld probes (e.g., for indentation testing, ultrasound, and optical coherence tomography) and noninvasive imaging modalities (e...
February 2, 2017: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203021/-comparision-for-clinical-efficiency-of-continuous-adductor-canal-block-and-femoral-nerve-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#19
M W Zhao, N Wang, L Zeng, M Li, Z K Zhao, H Zhang, H Tian
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain control efficiency of continuous adductor canal block (ACB) and femoral nerve block (FNB) in total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: From April to September 2016, patients with severe knee osteoarthritis undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were prospectively observed, and all the patients were randomized received ultrasound-guided continuous ACB or FNB after surgery. Numeric pain rating scales(NPRS)pain scores in rest and activity 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h after surgery were collected, and the preoperative and postoperative quadriceps strength at 24 and 48 h were analyzed...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158168/ultrasound-guided-radiofrequency-lesioning-of-the-articular-branches-of-the-femoral-nerve-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-post-arthroplasty-hip-pain
#20
David J Kim, Shiqian Shen, George M Hanna
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common surgical treatment for several conditions of the hip. While the majority of patients obtain satisfactory results, many develop chronic post-arthroplasty hip pain that can be difficult to treat. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the effectiveness of cooled (60°C) radiofrequency lesioning of the articular branches of the femoral nerve (ABFN) as a minimally invasive treatment for patients suffering from chronic post-arthroplasty hip pain...
February 2017: Pain Physician
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