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ultrasound arthritis

Benjamin A Fisher, Philippe Donatien, Andrew Filer, C Peter Winlove, Iain B McInnes, Christopher D Buckley, Peter C Taylor
OBJECTIVES: An important feature of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is hypoxia-driven synovial angiogenesis, but the relationship between change in vascularity, as measured by power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS), and oxygen tensions is unaddressed. METHODS: Metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint PDUS was assessed in 23 patients with RA, alongside arthroscopic synovitis and oxygen tension measurements, at baseline and 4 weeks after anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors. RESULTS: Anti-TNF reduced PDUS scores, which were negatively correlated with rise in oxygen tensions...
September 8, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Myrthe van der Ven, Maren C Karreman, Angelique E A M Weel, Ilja Tchetverikov, Marijn Vis, Tamar E C Nijsten, Johanna M W Hazes, Jolanda J Luime
OBJECTIVES: Part of the psoriasis patients with musculoskeletal complaints will have inflammation of the entheses. Entheseal inflammation is difficult to assess by clinical examination only. Therefore, we aimed to determine the frequency of clinically relevant ultrasound inflammation at the most commonly assessed entheses (MASEI; Madrid Sonographic Enthesis Index) in primary care psoriasis patients with one or more tender entheses. METHODS: Adult primary care psoriasis patients with musculoskeletal complaints (tender enthesis or arthritis at physical examination) had an ultrasound examination of seven entheses according to the MASEI...
September 8, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Julio Ramírez, José Iniciarte-Mundo, Andrea Cuervo, Virginia Ruiz-Esquide, M Victoria Hernández, Raimón Sanmartí, Juan D Cañete
OBJECTIVES: To analyse clinical, serological and sonographic differences between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and polyarticular psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients on anti-TNF therapy in clinical remission. METHODS: Angiogenic and proinflammatory cytokine serum levels were determined by multiplex ELISA in patients with RA and PsA in clinical remission (DAS28-ESR<2.6), clinically-active RA patients (DAS28>3.2) and healthy controls. Ultrasound (US) scans were made of both wrists and hands...
October 7, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
A Lemoine, F Baudin, R Vialle, E Grimprel
INTRODUCTION: The prognosis of osteoarticular infections has improved over the past 20 years but it still remains potentially severe. The treatment of these infections has been simplified and shortened. In 2008, the Pediatric Infectious Disease Group (GPIP) established new therapeutic guidelines in order to standardize treatment in France. The aim of this study is to analyze practices in a Parisian hospital and assess the efficacy of this treatment in short and medium terms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study focused on patients older than 3 months, without comorbidities, who were hospitalized for an acute osteoarticular infection in 2012 at Trousseau Hospital (Paris), with a follow-up of at least 4 weeks...
October 10, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Aurélie Najm, Carl Orr, Marie-Françoise Heymann, Géraldine Bart, Douglas J Veale, Benoît Le Goff
OBJECTIVE: The utility of synovial biopsy in increasing our understanding of the pathogenesis of inflammatory arthropathies, as well as in evaluating treatments, is well established. Ultrasound (US) allows synovial assessment and therefore assists in biopsying synovial tissue in a safe and well-tolerated manner. This study's objectives were to (1) determine the rate of success in retrieving synovial tissue using US guidance, (2) describe the indications for US-guided synovial biopsies in the clinical setting, (3) determine how frequently the synovial biopsy can lead to a clear diagnosis, and (4) assess the quality of the synovial tissue obtained using this technique...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
Nancy A Chauvin, Asef Khwaja
The hallmark of juvenile idiopathic arthritis is synovial inflammation, and the goal of treatment is to suppress inflammation to prevent cartilage damage and bone erosions. Ultrasound and MRI are widely used imaging modalities in evaluating disease burden and response to treatments and are superior to clinical examination alone. However, differentiating between the normal appearance of the developing skeleton and pathologic conditions can be difficult, particularly in early disease. Larger, long-term studies are needed to standardize imaging definitions and protocols and to fully understand the clinical implications of imaging findings...
November 2016: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
Alissa Jo Burge, O Kenechi Nwawka, Jennifer L Berkowitz, Hollis G Potter
The term inflammatory arthritis encompasses a variety of conditions featuring synovial inflammation as a defining characteristic, with resultant local tissue damage occurring over time. These arthritides often share overlapping clinical and imaging characteristics, although the pattern of joint involvement, specific appearance of pathologic changes, and associated findings often allow imaging-based differentiation or individual arthritides.
November 2016: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
Matteo Piga, Luca Saba, Alessandra Gabba, Mattia Congia, Antonella Balestrieri, Alessandro Mathieu, Alberto Cauli
BACKGROUND: The aim was to determine the accuracy of high-resolution ultrasonography (US) for detecting erosion in the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and wrist joints of patients with different subtypes of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) arthritis, using computed tomography (CT) as the gold-standard reference method. METHOD: The ulnar head, radiocarpal and second to fifth MCP joints in 26 patients with SLE - 9 classified as having rhupus syndrome, 10 as having Jaccoud's arthropathy (JA) and 7 as having non-deforming non-erosive (NDNE) arthritis - were subdivided into areas and bilaterally evaluated for the presence of bone erosion by CT and US...
October 4, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
York Kiat Tan, John C Allen, Weng Kit Lye, Philip G Conaghan, Li-Ching Chew, Julian Thumboo
The aim of the study is to compare the responsiveness of two joint inflammation scoring systems (dichotomous scoring (DS) versus semi-quantitative scoring (SQS)) using novel individualized ultrasound joint selection methods and existing ultrasound joint selection methods. Responsiveness measured by the standardized response means (SRMs) using the DS and the SQS system (for both the novel and existing ultrasound joint selection methods) was derived using the baseline and the 3-month total inflammatory scores from 20 rheumatoid arthritis patients...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Sujay Nagaraj, Stephanie Finzel, Kathryn S Stok, Cheryl Barnabe
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize descriptions of periarticular findings at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and wrist joints in different types of arthritis and in the normal state imaged by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT); to assemble the literature reporting on the ability of HR-pQCT to detect findings relative to other imaging modalities; and to collate results on the reproducibility of image interpretation. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using terms for HR-pQCT and MCP or wrist joints using medical literature databases and conference abstracts...
October 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
Karine R Luz, Marcelo M Pinheiro, Giovanna S Petterle, Marla F Dos Santos, Artur R C Fernandes, Jamil Natour, Rita N V Furtado
OBJECTIVE: To propose a novel ultrasound scoring system for hand and wrist joints (US10) for evaluation of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to correlate the US10 with clinical, laboratory and functional variables. METHODS: Forty-eight early RA patients underwent clinical and laboratory evaluations as well as blinded ultrasound (US) examinations at baseline, three, six and 12 months. The proposed US10 system involved the assessment of the wrist, second and third metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Alice Morais Castro, Diana Carmona Fernandes, Ana M Rodrigues, Luis Mendes Pedro, Maria José Santos, Helena Canhão, João Eurico Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: An excess in cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality has been recognized in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients when compared to the general population. Given the paucity of prospective data, our aim was to estimate the incidence of CV events and the contribution of traditional CVD risk factors and RA-related parameters to future events. METHODS: Incident fatal and non-fatal CV events (hospitalizations due to unstable angina, myocardial infarction, coronary artery revascularization procedures, stroke, or CV death) were assessed in a prospective cohort of RA women followed since 2007 and without CV events at cohort entry...
April 3, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Elżbieta Grochowska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Fadhil Saied, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common autoimmune systemic disease of the connective tissue affecting individuals in the developmental age. Radiography, which was described in the first part of this publication, is the standard modality in the assessment of this condition. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging enable early detection of the disease which affects soft tissues, as well as bones. Ultrasound assessment involves: joint cavities, tendon sheaths and bursae for the presence of synovitis, intraand extraarticular fat tissue to visualize signs of inflammation, hyaline cartilage, cartilaginous epiphysis and subchondral bone to detect cysts and erosions, and ligaments, tendons and their entheses for signs of enthesopathies and tendinopathies...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
Robert Diaz, Jennifer E Miller, Joanne Borg-Stein, Minna J Kohler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Peter K K Wong
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease which results in extensive articular and extra-articular morbidity and increased mortality from cardiovascular disease. Despite an increasing range of non-biological and biological disease-modifying agents, poor patient adherence with medication is a significant barrier to effective control of the inflammation associated with RA. This review seeks to identify factors that affect patient adherence with medication, examine the effectiveness of interventions to address this issue and offer practical suggestions to improve medication adherence...
November 2016: Rheumatology International
Aneela N Mian, Khaldoun Chaabo, Julekha Wajed, Sujith Subesinghe, Nicola J Gullick, Bruce Kirkham, Toby Garrood
BACKGROUND: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) clinical measures of disease activity may not reliably discriminate between patients with active inflammatory disease and those with concomitant fibromyalgia (FM). Recent work has shown RA patients with a 28 tender joint count (TJC) minus swollen joint count (SJC) of 7 or more (joint count criteria) are more likely to meet classification criteria for FM. This study aimed to determine whether RA patients meeting clinical criteria for FM had lower levels of joint inflammation as determined by ultrasound (US)...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Y El Miedany, M El Gaafary, S Youssef, I Ahmed, Sami Bahlas, M Hegazi, A Nasr
This study aims to assess clinical, lab/immunological or imaging (joint ultrasonography) markers able to predict disease relapse in RA patients in sustained remission when tapering or stopping their treatment. One hundred fifty-seven RA patients in clinical remission (DAS-28 <2.6 for >6 months), receiving treatment with sDMARDs and bDMARD therapy, were randomly allocated into any of five groups: Group 1: continue full dose DMARDs and taper biologic therapy by 50 % (31 patients); Group 2: taper both DMARDs and biologic therapy dose by 50 % (32 patients); Group 3: taper DMARDs by 50 % and stop biologic therapy (31 patients); Group 4: stop both DMARDs and biologic therapy (31 patients); Group 5: continue medications without change (31 patients)...
September 22, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Laura J S Greenlund, William J Ward
BACKGROUND: Primary care internists are often the first to see patients with an initial episode of crystalline arthritis. Timely aspiration of the affected joint for definitive diagnosis and treatment in the office is desirable but can be difficult especially if the joint is small, surrounded by soft tissue swelling distorting landmarks, and is very painful to move or palpate. METHODS: We compared the likelihood of successful aspiration of the great toe metatarsophalangeal joint by primary care internists for the diagnosis of potential crystalline arthritis by either landmark identification of the joint space or by employing ultrasound to identify the joint space...
September 14, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
C Fiehn, K Krüger
Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common inflammatory rheumatic disease. Due to the destruction of joints in the course of the disease it leads to significant morbidity in affected patients. The quality of life and even life expectancy can be severely impaired. Early diagnosis and early initiation of treatment is a decisive step towards a more benign course of the disease. New classification criteria have been published in order to help in early diagnosis. Methods of imaging, such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging help in the detection of synovitis, which is the major pathomorphological manifestation of arthritis and should be identified without any doubt...
September 8, 2016: Der Internist
Michele N Edison, Anthony Caram, Miguel Flores, Kurt Scherer
Most commonly associated with chronic inflammatory conditions, rice bodies represent an uncommon, nonspecific, often intra-articular inflammatory process. Presumably, rice bodies represent the sequelae of microvascular infarcts of the joint synovium. However, rice bodies have been seen in pleural fluid, in the setting of bursitis, and within the tendon sheath. The etiology and prognostic significance of rice bodies are not clear. MRI is the diagnostic imaging modality of choice for the evaluation of rice body formation...
2016: Curēus
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