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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992677/nationwide-multicenter-study-for-overlaps-of-common-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-korean-patients-with-constipation
#1
Kyung Sik Park, Sam Ryong Jee, Bong Eun Lee, Kyoung Sup Hong, Jeong Eun Shin, Soo-Young Na, Joong Goo Kwon, Suck Chei Choi, Yong Sung Kim, Hyun Seok Lee, Tae Hee Lee, Kyeong Ok Kim, Jongkyoung Choi, Hee Seok Moon, Yeon Soo Kim, Moo In Park, Soo Jung Park, Seon-Young Park, Sung Noh Hong
Background/Aims: In spite of increased concerns about the overlaps among the various functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), studies for the overlap between constipation and other common FGIDs are rare. Therefore, we investigated the patterns of overlaps between constipation and other common FGIDs. Methods: This study was designed as a prospective nationwide multi-center questionnaire study using Rome III questionnaires for functional dyspepsia (FD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and functional constipation (FC), as well as various questionnaires about patients' information, degree of symptoms, and quality of life...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954618/diagnosis-and-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-guide-for-the-generalist
#2
REVIEW
Ecushla C Linedale, Jane M Andrews
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are so prevalent they cannot reasonably have their diagnoses and management based within specialty care. However, delayed diagnosis, lengthy wait times for specialist review, overinvestigation and lack of clear diagnostic communication are common. The intrusive symptoms of IBS and other FGIDs impair patient functioning and reduce quality of life, and come with significant costs to individual patients and the health care system, which could be reduced with timely diagnosis and effective management...
September 2, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845170/psychological-factors-influence-the-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-their-effect-on-quality-of-life-among-firefighters-in-south-korea
#3
Seung-Ho Jang, Han-Seung Ryu, Suck-Chei Choi, Sang-Yeol Lee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of psychological factors that are related to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and their effects on the quality of life (QOL) of firefighters in South Korea. METHODS: This study examined data collected from 1217 firefighters in South Korea. After identifying firefighters with IBS according to the Rome III diagnostic criteria for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), we collected demographic data and psychological variables through self-administered questionnaires...
July 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837511/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-joint-hypermobility-a-school-based-study
#4
Miguel Saps, Puck J J Blom, Carlos Alberto Velasco-Benitez, Marc Alexander Benninga
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of JH among school-children with and without FGIDs. METHODS: School-children completed validated Rome III questionnaires to diagnose FGID. Each child diagnosed with a FGID was matched for age and gender with a healthy control. The prevalence of JH in both groups was compared. RESULTS: 654 school-children participated in the study. One hundred and forty-eight (22.6%) children were diagnosed with a FGID. Data from 136 FGIDs and 136 healthy controls was analyzed...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826271/the-role-of-fermentable-carbohydrates-and-beverages-in-the-symptomatology-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disease
#5
Magnus Moding, Bodil Ohlsson
OBJECTIVES: The pathophysiology behind functional gastrointestinal disease (FGID) has not been defined, but an intestinal accumulation of fermentable short-chain carbohydrates (FODMAPs) is thought to be involved. A restricted coffee intake is recommended. The aim was to investigate if symptoms of FGID were associated with intake of certain foods (including FODMAPs), as well as beverages (including coffee and tea). METHOD AND MATERIALS: Data were used from participants, age range 45-75 years, who had answered the EpiHealth questionnaire about their background factors, health status and intake of food and beverages...
August 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814481/plausibility-criteria-for-putative-pathophysiological-mechanisms-in-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-a-consensus-of-experts
#6
Jan Tack, Maura Corsetti, Michael Camilleri, Eamonn Mm Quigley, Magnus Simren, Hidekazu Suzuki, Nicholas J Talley, Hans Tornblom, Lukas Van Oudenhove
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are extremely common conditions associated with a considerable personal, social and health economic burden. Managing FGIDs in clinical practice is challenging because of the uncertainty of symptom-based diagnosis, the high frequency of overlap between these conditions and the limited efficacy of available therapies. It has often been argued that successful drug development and management of FGIDs requires knowledge of the underlying pathophysiology...
August 16, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798012/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-with-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-feasibility-study
#7
Maria Lalouni, Brjánn Ljótsson, Marianne Bonnert, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Jens Högström, Eva Serlachius, Ola Olén
BACKGROUND: Pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders (P-FGIDs; eg, irritable bowel syndrome) are highly prevalent in children and associated with low quality of life, anxiety, and school absence. Treatment options are scarce, and there is a need for effective and accessible treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (Internet-CBT) based on exposure exercises is effective for adult and adolescent irritable bowel syndrome, but it has not been evaluated for younger children...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745840/cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-is-a-prevalent-and-under-recognized-condition-in-the-gastroenterology-outpatient-clinic
#8
R C Sagar, R Sood, D J Gracie, M J Gold, N To, G R Law, A C Ford
BACKGROUND: Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID) characterized by intermittent episodes of nausea and vomiting. Our aim was to report its prevalence and associated features. METHODS: Data concerning demographics, symptoms, and psychiatric comorbidity were collected. Symptoms compatible with CVS were classified as per Rome III criteria. We recorded whether a diagnosis of CVS was considered in patients after negative investigation...
July 26, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744774/early-onset-of-efficacy-in-patients-with-functional-and-motility-related-gastrointestinal-disorders-a%C3%A2-noninterventional-study-with-iberogast%C3%A2
#9
Richard Raedsch, Bettina Vinson, Bertram Ottillinger, Gerald Holtmann
STW 5 (Iberogast®; Steigerwald Arzneimittelwerk GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany) contains nine plant extracts and possesses well-documented overall efficacy in functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID). Little is known about the onset of symptom relief. Twenty-nine centers in Germany recruited 272 patients with established FGID. These patients were treated with STW 5 for approximately 3 weeks in this noninterventional study. Patients assessed the severity of their gastrointestinal complaints before and at defined times after the intake of STW 5 (10 cm visual analogue scale; VAS)...
July 25, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737582/a-nutritional-approach-for-managing-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#10
Natalie Bhesania, Gail A M Cresci
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID) encountered by the pediatrician and consultant. The primary focus of this review is to provide an update on beneficial nutritional interventions for managing this patient population with discussion on gut microbiome effects. RECENT FINDINGS: A common complaint among the pediatric population is IBS-related recurrent abdominal pain. The prevalence of IBS is estimated to range between 6 and 14% and is defined by the Rome III criteria for FGIDs...
July 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707297/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-from-low-socio-economic-status-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#11
F Jaime, A Villagrán, C Hernández, M Ortiz, C Serrano, P R Harris
BACKGROUND: Most studies on functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children are based on data from the northern hemisphere. Scientific reports are arising in South American population, but little is still known about children from low socio-economic status (SES), where Helicobacter pylori infection is endemic. Our objective was to evaluate the prevalence of FGIDs in school children from low SES and its relationship with H. pylori infection. METHODS: Children from 3 public schools of low SES from Santiago de Chile were included...
July 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686075/pharmacogenetics-and-the-treatment-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#12
Houssam Halawi, Michael Camilleri
The diagnosis and management of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) remain very challenging. In the era of precision medicine, it is important to individualize the treatment of these conditions by providing targeted and effective therapies while minimizing the risk of medication side effects. By using genetic information that predicts and affects the responses to specific medications, it is anticipated that the science of pharmacogenetics in FGIDs will advance the practice of precision medicine. The pathophysiology of FGIDs is complex, involving the interaction between predisposing genetic and environmental factors...
July 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672432/pros-and-cons-while-looking-through-an-asian-window-on-the-rome-iv-criteria-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-pros
#13
REVIEW
Uday C Ghoshal
A decade after Rome III, in 2016, Rome IV criteria were published. There are major differences between Rome IV and the earlier iteration, some of which are in line with Asian viewpoints. The clinical applicability of the Rome IV criteria of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in Asian perspective is reviewed here. Instead of considering functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) to be largely psychogenic, Rome IV suggested the importance of the gut over brain ("disorders of gut-brain interaction" not "brain-gut interaction")...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638232/epidemiology-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#14
Alexandre Canon Boronat, Ana Paula Ferreira-Maia, Alicia Matijasevich, Yuan-Pang Wang
AIM: To assess the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children and adolescents. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were searched for original articles from inception to September 2016. The literature search was made in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. For inclusion, each study had to report epidemiological data on FGIDs in children between 4 and 18 years old and contain standardized outcome based on Rome II, III or IV criteria...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618973/from-clinical-uncertainties-to-precision-medicine-the-emerging-role-of-the-gut-barrier-and-microbiome-in-small-bowel-functional-diseases
#15
Wojciech Marlicz, Diana E Yung, Karolina Skonieczna-Żydecka, Igor Loniewski, Saskia van Hemert, Beata Loniewska, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
Over the last decade, remarkable progress has been made in the understanding of disease pathophysiology. Many new theories expound on the importance of emerging factors such as microbiome influences, genomics/omics, stem cells, innate intestinal immunity or mucosal barrier complexities. This has introduced a further dimension of uncertainty into clinical decision-making, but equally, may shed some light on less well-understood and difficult to manage conditions. Areas covered: Comprehensive review of the literature on gut barrier and microbiome relevant to small bowel pathology...
June 26, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594620/abdominal-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children
#16
Jagrati Chopra, Neal Patel, Dharamveer Basude, Elena Gil-Zaragozano, Siba Prosad Paul
Recurrent abdominal pain is a common presentation in children and mostly non-organic in origin. Nearly one-fifth of the childhood population are known to suffer from it worldwide, although only 50% of these may seek consultation with a health professional. Non-organic recurrent abdominal pain encompasses four main conditions broadly labelled as abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). These are diagnosed following exclusion of organic pathologies and by symptom concordance with defined parameters, published as the Rome IV criteria for FGIDs...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592440/rome-foundation-asian-working-team-report-asian-functional-gastrointestinal-disorder-symptom-clusters
#17
Kewin Tien Ho Siah, Xiaorong Gong, Xi Jessie Yang, William E Whitehead, Minhu Chen, Xiaohua Hou, Nitesh Pratap, Uday C Ghoshal, Ari F Syam, Murdani Abdullah, Myung-Gyu Choi, Young-Tae Bak, Ching-Liang Lu, Sutep Gonlachanvit, Chua Seng Boon, Fan Fang, Pui Kuan Cheong, Justin C Y Wu, Kok-Ann Gwee
OBJECTIVE: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are diagnosed by the presence of a characteristic set of symptoms. However, the current criteria-based diagnostic approach is to some extent subjective and largely derived from observations in English-speaking Western patients. We aimed to identify latent symptom clusters in Asian patients with FGID. DESIGN: 1805 consecutive unselected patients with FGID who presented for primary or secondary care to 11 centres across Asia completed a cultural and linguistic adaptation of the Rome III Diagnostic Questionnaire that was translated to the local languages...
June 7, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573751/early-weaning-stress-induces-chronic-functional-diarrhea-intestinal-barrier-defects-and-increased-mast-cell-activity-in-a-porcine-model-of-early-life-adversity
#18
C S Pohl, J E Medland, E Mackey, L L Edwards, K D Bagley, M P DeWilde, K J Williams, A J Moeser
BACKGROUND: Early life adversity (ELA) is a risk factor for development of gastrointestinal disorders later in life. The underlying mechanisms through which ELA and sex interact to influence disease susceptibility remains poorly understood. METHODS: Utilizing a porcine early weaning stress (EWS) model to mimic ELA, we investigated the long-term effects of EWS on functional diarrhea, ileal permeability, mast cell activity and mast cell relationship with enteric ganglia...
June 1, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566894/stress-and-sleep-quality-in-doctors-working-on-call-shifts-are-associated-with-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#19
Soo-Kyung Lim, Seung Jin Yoo, Dae Lim Koo, Chae A Park, Han Jun Ryu, Yong Jin Jung, Ji Bong Jeong, Byeong Gwan Kim, Kook Lae Lee, Seong-Joon Koh
AIM: To investigate the role of sleep quality and psychosocial problems as predictors of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in doctors that work 24 hour-on-call shifts. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observation study, using the Rome III Questionnaire and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), we analyzed 170 doctors with 24 hour-on-call shifts. RESULTS: Among the participants that had experienced a 24 hour-on-call shift within the last 6 mo, 48 (28...
May 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556178/change-of-appetite-in-patients-with-functional-digestive-disorder-association-with-psychological-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Marinos Fysekidis, Michel Bouchoucha, Florence Mary, Gheorghe Airinei, Cyriaque Bon, Robert Benamouzig
BACKGROUND / AIMS: Changes in appetite are a frequent complaint in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the changes in appetite are associated with specific FGIDs, and to explore associations of these changes with symptoms of anxiety or depression. METHODS: This study included 1,009 consecutive FGID patients (71% female), aged 48.9 years who all filled out a Rome III questionnaire for the evaluation of FGIDs, submitted to a psychological evaluation of symptoms of anxiety and completed the Beck Depression Inventory questionnaire...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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