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Chan-Mi Park, Hye-Min Kim, Dong Hyun Kim, Ho-Jin Han, Haneul Noh, Jae-Hyuk Jang, Soo-Hyun Park, Han-Jung Chae, Soo-Wan Chae, Eun Kyoung Ryu, Sangku Lee, Kangdong Liu, Haidan Liu, Jong-Seog Ahn, Young Ock Kim, Bo-Yeon Kim, Nak-Kyun Soung
Ginsenosides, which are the active materials of ginseng, have biological functions that include anti-osteoporotic effects. Aqueous ginseng extract inhibits osteoclast differentiation induced by receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL). Aqueous ginseng extract produces chromatography peaks characteristic of ginsenosides. Among these peaks, ginsenoside Re is a major component. However, the preventive effects of ginsenoside Re against osteoclast differentiation are not known. We studied the effect of ginsenoside Re on osteoclast differentiation, RANKL induced tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity, and formation of multinucleated osteoclasts in vitro...
December 6, 2016: Molecules and Cells
Ting Zhang, Huihua Li, Juan Shi, Sha Li, Muyuan Li, Lei Zhang, Leting Zheng, Dexian Zheng, Fulin Tang, Xuan Zhang, Fengchun Zhang, Xin You
BACKGROUND: Dominant-negative somatic mutations of p53 has been identified in the synovium of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), in which interleukin (IL)-6 has been established as a pivotal inflammatory cytokine. The aim of this study was to clarify the significance of p53 in the longstanding inflammation in RA by modulating IL-6. METHODS: We established adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) in Lewis rats and treated them with p53 activator, and then analyzed the histopathology of the synovium and IL-6 expression...
November 24, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Dharambir Kashyap, Gaurav Kumar, Ajay Sharma, Katrin Sak, Hardeep Singh Tuli, Tapan K Mukherjee
For several decades, bioactive phytochemicals have been appreciated to prevent and cure various lethal diseases. Many studies have proven the ability of dietary phytochemicals to avoid and retard tumor initiation and progression. Among the pharmacologically active moieties, terpenoids are considered one of the most important classes. Carnosol, is also a kind of diterpenoid, which known to possess a range of therapeutic effects such as anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant activities. All these effects are mediated via modulating different signaling cascades, including apoptosis regulating molecules (Bax/Bcl2), prosurvival-proproliferative molecules (Akt/mTOR, MAPK), transcription factors like NF-kappaB, STAT3-6, and steroid receptors, such as androgen and estrogen receptors...
November 18, 2016: Life Sciences
Kamlesh Kumar, T Sivakumar, Afroze Alam
BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) has been reported to regulate various genes involved in cancer and inflammation. Accordingly, drugs inhibiting NF-kappaB may possess both anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. So there is a need to discover novel compounds which should not only be a potential lead but also less toxic and cost effective. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to develop new synthetic anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic agents targeting NF-kappaB...
November 14, 2016: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
Zhilin Chen, Ashley L Eadie, Sean R Hall, Laurel Ballantyne, David Ademidun, M Yat Tse, Stephen C Pang, Luis G Melo, Christopher A Ward, Keith R Brunt
Hypoxia and inflammatory cytokine activation (H&I) are common processes in many acute and chronic diseases. Thus, a single vector that responds to both hypoxia and inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, is useful for assesing the severity of such diseases. Adaptation to hypoxia is regulated primarily by hypoxia inducible transcription factor (HIF alpha) nuclear proteins that engage genes containing a hypoxia response element (HRE). Inflammation activates a multitude of cytokines, including TNF-alpha, that invariably modulate activation of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) transcription factor...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
Jing Zhang, Qiaoshu Liu, Weishe Zhang, Qiaozhen Peng, Xiao'e Jiang, Texuan Zhu, Xinhua Wu
To analyze the differentially expressed proteins which interacted with NF-kappaB in the uterine lower segment smooth muscle tissues under different status of labor onset, and to provide a new foundation on the mechanisms for labor onset.
 Methods: NF-κB P65 protein expression in smooth muscle tissues from the term non-labor group, natural term labor group and drug-induced term labor group was analyzed by Western blot. Co-immunoprecipitation and SDS-PAGE (sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) were performed to detect the proteins interacting with NF-κB p65 in the NF-κB p65 complexes...
October 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Sayantan Maji, Pankaj Chaudhary, Irina Akopova, Phung M Nguyen, Richard J Hare, Ignacy Gryczynski, Jamboor K Vishwanatha
: Tumor-derived exosomes are emerging mediators of tumorigenesis and tissue-specific metastasis. Proteomic profiling has identified Annexin A2 as one of the most highly expressed proteins in exosomes; however, studies focused on the biological role of exosomal-AnnexinA2 (exo-AnxA2) are still lacking. In this study, mechanistic insight was sought regarding exo-AnxA2 and its function in angiogenesis and breast cancer metastasis. Multiple in vitro and in vivo techniques were used to study the role of exo-AnxA2 in angiogenesis...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Víctor Molina, Bettina von Dessauer, Ramón Rodrigo, Cristian Carvajal
OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress is known to participate in the progression of sepsis. Definite data regarding the behavior of oxidative stress biomarkers in pediatric sepsis is still lacking. This study hypothesized that oxidative stress occurs in pediatric sepsis and that the magnitude of the redox derangement is associated with worse clinical progression. METHODS: Forty-two previously healthy pediatric patients with sepsis and a group of control subjects were included...
October 13, 2016: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Fang Zhang, Guiyou Liu, Yali Bu, Xiaofeng Ma, Junwei Hao
For the epigenetic characterization of myasthenia gravis (MG), we determined whether long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) are expressed differentially in subjects with and without MG. Compared with healthy control subjects, the MG patients had 1561 upregulated lncRNAs, 1034 downregulated lncRNAs, 921 upregulated mRNAs, and 806 downregulated mRNAs (fold change>2.0). Several GO terms including nucleic acid transcription factor activity, inflammatory response, regulation of leukocyte activation, lymphocyte proliferation and regulation of B cell proliferation were enriched in gene lists, suggesting a potential correlation with MG...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Qingchang Hu, Yabo Zhao, Zaiwei Wang, Yue Hou, Dingren Bi, Jianjun Sun, Xiuli Peng
Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), one of the most pathogenic Mycoplasmas, can cause chronic respiratory disease (CRD) in chickens. It has been suggested that micro-ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) are involved in microbial pathogenesis. However, little is known about the roles of miRNAs in MG infection. Previously, we found by deep sequencing that gga-miR-19a was significantly up-regulated in the lungs of MG-infected chicken embryos. In this work, we confirmed that gga-miR-19a was up-regulated in both MG-infected chicken embryonic lungs and MG-infected DF-1 (chicken embryo fibroblast) cells...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Zhen Tan, Jianwen Cheng, Qian Liu, Lin Zhou, Jacob Kenny, Tao Wang, Xixi Lin, Jinbo Yuan, Julian M W Quinn, Jennifer Tickner, Guoju Hong, An Qin, Jinmin Zhao, Jiake Xu
Excessive bone resorption by osteoclasts plays an important role in osteoporosis. Bone loss occurs in ovariectomised (OVX) mice in a similar manner to that in humans, so this model is suitable for evaluating potential new therapies for osteoporosis. Neohesperidin (NE) is a flavonoid compound isolated from citrus fruits. Its role in bone metabolism is unknown. In this study we found that neohesperidin inhibits osteoclast differentiation, bone resorption and the expression of osteoclast marker genes, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and cathepsin K...
September 21, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Shengqian Yang, Ziru Yu, Tianyi Yuan, Lin Wang, Xue Wang, Haiguang Yang, Lan Sun, Yuehua Wang, Guanhua Du
Acute lung injury (ALI), characterized by pulmonary edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, is a common syndrome of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. Methyl salicylate 2-O-β-d-lactoside (MSL), a natural derivative of salicylate extracted from Gaultheria yunnanensis (Franch.) Rehder, was reported to have potent anti-inflammatory effects on the progression of collagen or adjuvant-induced arthritis in vivo and in vitro. The aim of this study is to investigate the therapeutic effect of MSL on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury and reveal underlying molecular mechanisms...
September 8, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Wei Huang, Xiuying Cui, Jianing Chen, Yuhuan Feng, Erwei Song, Jinsong Li, Yujie Liu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged recently as key regulators of tumor development and progression. Our previous study identified an NF-KappaB interacting lncRNA (NKILA) which was negatively correlated with breast cancer metastasis and patient prognosis. However, its clinical significance and potential role in Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) remain unclear. Here we show that NKILA is down-regulated in TSCC cancer tissues than that in matched adjacent noncancerous tissues. And low NKILA expression in TSCC is significantly correlated with tumor metastasis and poor patient prognosis...
August 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Brandon Cieniewicz, Alexis L Santana, Nana Minkah, Laurie T Krug
Herpesviruses establish a chronic infection in the host characterized by intervals of lytic replication, quiescent latency, and reactivation from latency. Murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV68) naturally infects small rodents and has genetic and biologic parallels with the human gammaherpesviruses (gHVs), Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and Epstein-Barr virus. The murine gammaherpesvirus model pathogen system provides a platform to apply cutting-edge approaches to dissect the interplay of gammaherpesvirus and host determinants that enable colonization of the host, and that shape the latent or lytic fate of an infected cell...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Da-Long Yin, Ying-Jian Liang, Tong-Sen Zheng, Rui-Peng Song, Jia-Bei Wang, Bo-Shi Sun, Shang-Ha Pan, Lian-Dong Qu, Jia-Ren Liu, Hong-Chi Jiang, Lian-Xin Liu
A synthetic monoketone analog of curcumin, termed 3, 5-bis (2-flurobenzylidene) piperidin-4-one (EF24), has been reported to inhibit the growth of a variety of cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. However, whether EF24 has anticancer effects on cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cells and the mechanisms remain to be investigated. The aim of our study was to evaluate the molecular mechanisms underlying the anticancer effects of EF24 on CCA tumor growth and metastasis. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion, tumorigenesis and metastasis were examined...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yasunari Nakamoto
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common causes of cancer death worldwide. It usually arises based on a background of chronic liver diseases, defined as the hypercarcinogenic state. The current treatment options for HCC ranging from locoregional treatments to chemotherapies, including sorafenib, effectively regulate the limited sizes and numbers of the nodules. However, these treatments remain unsatisfactory because they have insufficient antitumor effects on the large and numerous nodules associated with HCC and because of a high recurrence rate in the surrounding inflamed liver...
August 25, 2016: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Zhifeng Zhang, Yuan Liu, Xuecong Ren, Hua Zhou, Kaishun Wang, Hao Zhang, Pei Luo
Erigeron multiradiatus (Lindl.) Benth. has been used in Tibet folk medicine to treat various inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate antimyocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury effect of caffeoylquinic acids derivatives of E. multiradiatus (AE) in vivo and to explain underling mechanism. AE was prepared using the whole plant of E. multiradiatus and contents of 6 caffeoylquinic acids determined through HPLC analysis. Myocardial I/R was induced by left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion for 30 minutes followed by 24 hours of reperfusion in rats...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Hon Wai Koon, Bowei Su, Chunlan Xu, Caroline C Mussatto, Diana Hoang-Ngoc Tran, Elaine C Lee, Christina Ortiz, Jiani Wang, Jung Eun Lee, Samantha Ho, Xinhua Chen, Ciaran P Kelly, Charalabos Pothoulakis
C. difficile infection (CDI) is a common debilitating nosocomial infection associated with high mortality. Several CDI outbreaks have been attributed to ribotypes 027, 017, and 078. Clinical and experimental evidence indicates that the nonpathogenic yeast Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 (S.b) is effective for the prevention of CDI. However, there is no current evidence suggesting this probiotic can protect from CDI caused by outbreak-associated strains. We used established hamster models infected with outbreak-associated C...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Weibin Qian, Xinrui Cai, Xinying Zhang, Yingying Wang, Qiuhai Qian, Junichi Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Daisaikoto (DSKT), a classical traditional Chinese herbal formula, has been used for treating digestive diseases for 1800 years in China. Therefore, in this study, we are going to investigate the effect of DSKT on diabetic fatty liver rats induced by a high-fat diet and streptozotocin (STZ), and the effects of DSKT on silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB). METHODS: Diabetic fatty liver rat model was selected to establish a high-fat diet and STZ...
June 2016: Yonago Acta Medica
Elizaveta Fasler-Kan, Yeldar Baiken, Ivan A Vorobjev, Natasha S Barteneva
Many intracellular signal transduction events involve the reversible shuttling of proteins between the cytoplasm and the nucleus. Study of these processes requires imaging information on the protein localization in a given cell and a large number of measurements to obtain sufficient statistics on the protein localization in the whole population. The protocol describes method for quantitative imaging flow cytometry analysis of intracellular distribution of NF-kappaB in ARPE-19 cells stained with specific fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
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