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Physician peer review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913762/aspen-felanpe-clinical-guidelines-nutrition-support-of-adult-patients-with-enterocutaneous-fistula
#1
Vanessa J Kumpf, Jose Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento, Jose Ignacio Diaz-Pizarro Graf, Amber M Hall, Liam McKeever, Ezra Steiger, Marion F Winkler, Charlene W Compher
BACKGROUND: The management of patients with enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) requires an interdisciplinary approach and poses a significant challenge to physicians, wound/stoma care specialists, dietitians, pharmacists, and other nutrition clinicians. Guidelines for optimizing nutrition status in these patients are often vague, based on limited and dated clinical studies, and typically rely on individual institutional or clinician experience. Specific nutrient requirements, appropriate route of feeding, role of immune-enhancing formulas, and use of somatostatin analogues in the management of patients with ECF are not well defined...
December 2, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888179/predicting-tuberculosis-risk-in-the-foreign-born-population-of-british-columbia-canada-study-protocol-for-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Lisa A Ronald, Jonathon R Campbell, Robert F Balshaw, David Z Roth, Kamila Romanowski, Fawziah Marra, Victoria J Cook, James C Johnston
INTRODUCTION: Improved understanding of risk factors for developing active tuberculosis (TB) will better inform decisions about diagnostic testing and treatment for latent TB infection (LTBI) in migrant populations in low-incidence regions. We aim to examine TB risk factors among the foreign-born population in British Columbia (BC), Canada, and to create and validate a clinically relevant multivariate risk score to predict active TB. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This retrospective population-based cohort study will include all foreign-born individuals who acquired permanent resident status in Canada between 1 January 1985 and 31 December 2013 and acquired healthcare coverage in BC at any point during this period...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871514/cost-impact-of-unexpected-disposition-after-orthopedic-ambulatory-surgery-associated-with-category-of-anesthesia-provider
#3
Robert L Ohsfeldt, Thomas R Miller, John E Schneider, Cara M Scheibling
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To provide estimates of the costs and health outcomes implications of the excess risk of unexpected disposition for nurse anesthetist (NA) procedures. DESIGN: A projection model was used to apply estimates of costs and health outcomes associated with the excess risk of unexpected disposition for NAs reported in a recent study. SETTING: Ambulatory and inpatient surgery. PATIENTS: Base-case model parameters were based on estimates taken from peer-reviewed publications when available, or from other sources including data for all hospital stays in the United States in 2013 from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Web site...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853839/the-effects-of-expanding-outpatient-and-inpatient-evaluation-and-management-services-in-a-pediatric-interventional-radiology-practice
#4
Faramarz Edalat, Will S Lindquester, Anne E Gill, Stephen F Simoneaux, Jennifer Gaines, C Matthew Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Despite a continuing emphasis on evaluation and management clinical services in adult interventional radiology (IR) practice, the peer-reviewed literature addressing these services - and their potential economic benefits - is lacking in pediatric IR practice. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effects of expanding evaluation and management (E&M) services through the establishment of a dedicated pediatric interventional radiology outpatient clinic and inpatient E&M reporting system...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852711/angioplasty-and-stenting-for-patients-with-symptomatic-intracranial-atherosclerosis-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Xiao-Ping Cui, Min Lin, Jun-Shan Mu, Jian-Xin Ye, Wen-Qing He, Mao-Lin Fu, Hua Li, Jia-Yang Fang, Feng-Feng Shen, Hang Lin
INTRODUCTION: Whether adding percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS) to background medical treatment is effective for decreasing the incidence of stroke or death in patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) is still controversial. We perform a randomised controlled trial to examine the effectiveness and safety of an improved PTAS procedure for patients with ICAS. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A randomised controlled trial will be conducted in three hospitals in China...
November 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846852/a-systematic-review-of-physician-retirement-planning
#6
Michelle Pannor Silver, Angela D Hamilton, Aviroop Biswas, Natalie Irene Warrick
BACKGROUND: Physician retirement planning and timing have important implications for patients, hospitals, and healthcare systems. Unplanned early or late physician retirement can have dire consequences in terms of both patient safety and human resource allocations. This systematic review examined existing evidence on the timing and process of retirement of physicians. Four questions were addressed: (1) When do physicians retire? (2) Why do some physicians retire early? (3) Why do some physicians delay their retirement? (4) What strategies facilitate physician retention and/or retirement planning? METHODS: English-language studies were searched in electronic databases MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, AgeLine, Embase, HealthSTAR, ASSA, and PsycINFO, from inception up to and including March 2016...
November 15, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846141/an-analysis-of-factors-predicting-successful-transition-from-pancreatology-abstracts-to-full-publications
#7
Douglas Grunwald, Joseph D Feuerstein, Irena Maria Maier, Sunil G Sheth
OBJECTIVES: Historically, less than half of peer-reviewed abstracts are published. We set out to determine how many pancreas-related abstracts are published within 5 years of presentation at gastroenterology conferences and to determine a model that predicts successful transition from abstract to journal publication. METHODS: We collected data on study design from all pancreas-related abstracts at the 2010 Digestive Disease Week (DDW), American College of Gastroenterology, and American Pancreatic Association conferences...
November 11, 2016: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830261/nursing-informatics-certification-worldwide-history-pathway-roles-and-motivation
#8
Mollie R Cummins, Adi V Gundlapalli, Aditya V Gundlapalli, Peter Murray, Hyeoun-Ae Park, Christoph U Lehmann
INTRODUCTION: Official recognition and certification for informatics professionals are essential aspects of workforce development. OBJECTIVE: To describe the history, pathways, and nuances of certification in nursing informatics across the globe; compare and contrast those with board certification in clinical informatics for physicians. METHODS: (1) A review of the representative literature on informatics certification and related competencies for nurses and physicians, and relevant websites for nursing informatics associations and societies worldwide; (2) similarities and differences between certification processes for nurses and physicians, and (3) perspectives on roles for nursing informatics professionals in healthcare Results: The literature search for 'nursing informatics certification' yielded few results in PubMed; Google Scholar yielded a large number of citations that extended to magazines and other non-peer reviewed sources...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816102/making-sure-the-media-gets-it-right-on-orthopaedic-research
#9
Louis F McIntyre
Patient-centered medicine requires an informed health care consumer. Traditionally, orthopaedic surgeons were the primary source for patients regarding diagnostic and treatment options for musculoskeletal conditions. Now patients get information from a variety of sources including the Internet, social media, and print journalism. Most of these sources are not vetted or peer reviewed and some not even fact checked. Part of the role of the orthopaedic surgeon is to educate patients, and interpreting this type of information is an increasingly demanding but essential task...
November 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811471/systematic-review-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-psoriasis
#10
Jessica Gonzalez, Kiera Cunningham, Jason Perlmutter, Alice Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Many cases of psoriasis begin in adolescence. The affected adolescents face the combined physical and psychosocial challenges of their disease-free peers with the added complexity of a visible disease. OBJECTIVE: To review the impact of psoriasis on the health-related quality of life (HRQL) in adolescents as compared to their peers with other chronic diseases and to determine the best tools to measure HRQL in this population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was completed using PubMed...
November 4, 2016: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801671/fda-approved-medications-that-impair-human-spermatogenesis
#11
REVIEW
Jiayi Ding, Xuejun Shang, Zhanhu Zhang, Hua Jing, Jun Shao, Qianqian Fei, Elizabeth R Rayburn, Haibo Li
We herein provide an overview of the single-ingredient U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs that affect human spermatogenesis, potentially resulting in a negative impact on male fertility. To provide this information, we performed an in-depth search of DailyMed, the official website for FDA-approved drug labels. Not surprisingly, hormone-based agents were found to be the drugs most likely to affect human spermatogenesis. The next category of drugs most likely to have effects on spermatogenesis was the antineoplastic agents...
October 27, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797347/medical-student-journals-teaching-the-peer-review-process-and-promoting-academic-mentorship
#12
Nadine M Kaskas, David H Ballard, Jeffery A Weisman, John A Vanchiere
Early exposure to research and longitudinal academic mentorship encourages medical student interest in academic careers and postgraduate research productivity. There are various ways for students to gain exposure to research in medical school; however, there are very few opportunities for medical students to participate in the peer-review process as a reviewer or editor for an academic journal. One potential method to supply such educational experiences is the creation of scientific journals specifically for medical students...
September 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768177/addressing-practice-gaps-in-cutaneous-surgery-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#13
Kathryn L Kreicher, Jeremy S Bordeaux
Importance: Cutaneous surgery is performed by otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons, oculoplastic surgeons, dermatologic surgeons, and some primary care physicians. Practice gaps exist among cutaneous surgeons, as do differences in how different physicians approach preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative decision-making. Objective: To present the newest and best evidence to close common practice gaps in cutaneous surgery. Evidence Review: We performed a detailed search of peer-reviewed publications that were identified through a search of PubMed/MEDLINE (January 1, 2000, through June 30, 2016) using the literature search terms "cutaneous surgery," "Mohs micrographic surgery," "plastic surgery," in combination with "safety," "cost," "anesthesia," "anti-coagulation," "bleeding," "pain," "analgesia," "anxiety," or "infection," among others...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753208/formalising-multidisciplinary-peer-review-developing-a-haematological-malignancy-specific-electronic-proforma-and-standard-operating-procedure-to-facilitate-procedural-efficiency-and-evidence-based-clinical-practice
#14
J Trotman, J Trinh, Y L Kwan, J A Estell, J Fletcher, K Archer, K Lee, K Foo, J Curnow, A Bianchi, L Wignall, E Verner, R Gasiorowski, E Siedlecka, I Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary Team (MDT) meetings aimed at facilitating peer review have become standard practice in oncology. However, there is scant literature on the optimal structure and conduct of such meetings. AIMS: We aimed to develop a process for formal peer review of patients with haematologic malignancies, and to audit any resulting changes made to the management recommendations of the treating physician. METHODS: A standard operating procedure (SOP) for MDT meetings was developed essentially to integrate clinical peer review with weekly pathology and radiology meetings...
October 18, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742624/focused-ultrasound-examination-of-the-chest-on-patients-admitted-with-acute-signs-of-respiratory-problems-a-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#15
M Riishede, C B Laursen, L S Teglbjærg, A T Lassen, G Baatrup
INTRODUCTION: Patients with acute respiratory problems poses a diagnostic challenge because similar symptoms can be caused by various pathological conditions. Focused ultrasound examination (f-US) of the heart and lungs has proven to increase the diagnostic accuracy in these patients. In this protocol of a randomised multicentre trial, we study the effect of f-US of the heart and lungs in patients with respiratory problems performed by emergency physicians (EP) as soon as the patient arrives to the emergency department (ED)...
October 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738908/a%C3%A2-five-year-retrospective-evaluation-of-a%C3%A2-faculty-research-fellowship-programme-at-the-medical-college-of-georgia
#16
Tasha R Wyatt, Kelli Braun, Lance Evans, Alexis Rossi, Paul M Wallach, Lara M Stepleman
INTRODUCTION: In institutional assessments of faculty, scholarly activity is often cited as a deficiency. Faculty lack the training and resources needed to produce peer-reviewed, quality scholarship. Although a variety of formats have been suggested and used to fill this void, fellowships are a commonly used format to foster educational leaders within institutions. In 2010, the Educational Innovation Institute at the Medical College of Georgia created an educational research fellowship to address this need...
October 13, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720701/detailed-prospective-peer-review-in-a-community-radiation-oncology-clinic
#17
James D Mitchell, Thomas J Chesnut, David V Eastham, Carlo N Demandante, David J Hoopes
PURPOSE: In 2012, we instituted detailed prospective peer review of new cases. We present the outcomes of peer review on patient management and time required for peer review. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Peer review rounds were held 3 to 4 days weekly and required 2 physicians to review pertinent information from the electronic medical record and treatment planning system. Eight aspects were reviewed for each case: 1) workup and staging; 2) treatment intent and prescription; 3) position, immobilization, and simulation; 4) motion assessment and management; 5) target contours; 6) normal tissue contours; 7) target dosimetry; and 8) normal tissue dosimetry...
August 31, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716124/safer-drug-use-in-primary-care-a-pilot-intervention-study-to-identify-improvement-needs-and-make-agreements-for-change-in-five-swedish-primary-care-units
#18
Sara Modig, Cecilia Lenander, Nina Viberg, Patrik Midlöv
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to improve patient safety in the area of medication treatment among the elderly. The aim of this study was to explore which improvement needs and strengths, relating to medication safety, arise from a multi-professional intervention in primary care and further to describe and follow up on the agreements for change that were established within the intervention. METHODS: The SÄKLÄK project was a multi-professional intervention in primary care consisting of self-assessment, peer-review, feedback and written agreements for change...
October 4, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708823/what-are-health-professionals-intentions-toward-using-research-and-products-of-research-in-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#19
Ben Appleby, Carolyn Roskell, William Daly
AIM: To explore health professionals' intentional behaviour and what determines their intention to use products of research in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Trying to get research and products of research into clinical practice is an enduring problem. A clearer picture is emerging as to how individual practitioners respond toward practical problems of changing clinical practice, but this does not include health professionals' intentions to use products of research and what influences their intentions...
July 2016: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699215/our-inaugural-issue
#20
Sarah Jackson
We are delighted to publish the first set of articles in JCI Insight, the newest peer-reviewed publication of the American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI), a nonprofit honor society for physician-scientists. In creating this journal, we sought to provide an expanded forum for a wide range of preclinical, translational, and clinical research that uncovers new insights into the basis of disease and therapeutic approaches. In selecting articles for JCI Insight, we place a strong emphasis on rigorous experimental methods and data reporting, which are truly the hallmark of publications in the JCI family...
January 21, 2016: JCI Insight
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