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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326913/reflecting-on-the-learning-opportunities-of-presenting-at-a-conference
#1
Beverly Joshua
Background Research productivity is a major indicator of higher educational institutions' (HEI) academic performance. The increasing focus on research productivity is resulting in an expectation that academics publish their research initiatives, ideas and developments in their scope of work or area of interest. It can influence academic status and compel nursing academics to undertake higher degrees, including PhDs or other doctoral studies. Aim To articulate a nurse academic's reflection on presenting her doctoral thesis at an international conference and to encourage students to embrace the dissemination of research...
March 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321866/bridging-worlds-participatory-thinking-in-jungian-context
#2
Robin S Brown
Introducing the 'participatory' paradigm associated with the work of transpersonalists Richard Tarnas and Jorge Ferrer, the author outlines an approach to Jung's archetypal thinking that might offer a more adequate basis in which to ground a non-reductive approach to practice. In order to demonstrate the relevance of this outlook at the present time, the author begins by examining recent debates concerning the nature of 'truth' in the clinical setting. Reflecting on the difficulties analysts face in attempting to maintain professional authority without falling into an implicit authoritarianism, it is argued that any approach to therapy seeking to orient itself towards 'the unconscious' must posit the challenges of pluralism as a central concern for practice...
April 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321561/ethics-and-epistemology-in-big-data-research
#3
Wendy Lipworth, Paul H Mason, Ian Kerridge, John P A Ioannidis
Biomedical innovation and translation are increasingly emphasizing research using "big data." The hope is that big data methods will both speed up research and make its results more applicable to "real-world" patients and health services. While big data research has been embraced by scientists, politicians, industry, and the public, numerous ethical, organizational, and technical/methodological concerns have also been raised. With respect to technical and methodological concerns, there is a view that these will be resolved through sophisticated information technologies, predictive algorithms, and data analysis techniques...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287844/intersectional-epistemologies-of-ignorance-how-behavioral-and-social-science-research-shapes-what-we-know-think-we-know-and-don-t-know-about-u-s-black-men-s-sexualities
#4
Lisa Bowleg, Ana María Del Río-González, Sidney L Holt, Carolin Pérez, Jenné S Massie, Jessica E Mandell, Cheriko A Boone
Epistemologies of ignorance describe how ignorance influences the production of knowledge. Advancing an intersectional epistemologies of ignorance approach that examines how conscious (or unconscious) ignorance about racism, heterosexism, and classism shapes empirical knowledge about Black men's sexualities, we conducted a critical review of the behavioral and social science research on U.S. Black men, ages 18 and older, for two time frames: pre-1981 and the most recent decade, 2006-2016. Our search yielded 668 articles, which we classified into five categories: sexual violence, sexual experiences and expressions, sexual identities, cultural and social-structural influences, and sexual health and sexual risk...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284225/how-does-the-dengue-vector-mosquito-aedes-albopictus-respond-to-global-warming
#5
Pengfei Jia, Xiang Chen, Jin Chen, Liang Lu, Qiyong Liu, Xiaoyue Tan
BACKGROUND: Global warming has a marked influence on the life cycle of epidemic vectors as well as their interactions with human beings. The Aedes albopictus mosquito as the vector of dengue fever surged exponentially in the last decade, raising ecological and epistemological concerns of how climate change altered its growth rate and population dynamics. As the global warming pattern is considerably uneven across four seasons, with a confirmed stronger effect in winter, an emerging need arises as to exploring how the seasonal warming effects influence the annual development of Ae...
March 11, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283051/the-many-encounters-of-thomas-kuhn-and-french-epistemology
#6
Massimiliano Simons
The work of Thomas Kuhn has been very influential in Anglo-American philosophy of science and it is claimed that it has initiated the historical turn. Although this might be the case for English speaking countries, in France an historical approach has always been the rule. This article aims to investigate the similarities and differences between Kuhn and French philosophy of science or 'French epistemology'. The first part will argue that he is influenced by French epistemologists, but by lesser known authors than often thought...
February 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278258/three-factor-structure-for-epistemic-belief-inventory-a-cross-validation-study
#7
Francisco Leal-Soto, Rodrigo Ferrer-Urbina
Research on epistemic beliefs has been hampered by lack of validated models and measurement instruments. The most widely used instrument is the Epistemological Questionnaire, which has been criticized for validity, and it has been proposed a new instrument based in the Epistemological Questionnaire: the Epistemic Belief Inventory. The Spanish-language version of Epistemic Belief Inventory was applied to 1,785 Chilean high school students. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in independent subsamples were performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252442/latin-as-a-language-of-international-communicative-status-medicine-of-the-16th-17th-centuries
#8
O Bieliaieva, Yu Lysanets, M Melaschenko
The research paper is of interdisciplinary nature, written at the crossroads of the history of medicine, functional stylistics and terminology science. The choice of the 16th century as a starting point of the study is due to the fact that quality changes in book and manuscript writing that took place during this period led to unprecedented development and dissemination of scientific knowledge, including biomedical. The 16th century embraces the life and work of such prominent figures in the history of medicine, as Andreas Vesalius, Gabriele Fallopian, Bartolomeo Eustachi, and Girolamo Fracastoro...
January 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243197/computer-aided-experiment-planning-toward-causal-discovery-in-neuroscience
#9
Nicholas J Matiasz, Justin Wood, Wei Wang, Alcino J Silva, William Hsu
Computers help neuroscientists to analyze experimental results by automating the application of statistics; however, computer-aided experiment planning is far less common, due to a lack of similar quantitative formalisms for systematically assessing evidence and uncertainty. While ontologies and other Semantic Web resources help neuroscientists to assimilate required domain knowledge, experiment planning requires not only ontological but also epistemological (e.g., methodological) information regarding how knowledge was obtained...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240095/6cs-and-ten-commitments-nurses-understanding-and-use-of-courage
#10
Fiona Barchard, Judith Sixsmith, Sarah Neill, Clency Meurier
Aim This article reports the initial findings of a study that explored nurses' understanding of courage, in the context of the 6Cs and the Leading Change, Adding Value framework. The aim was to explore how nurses' understanding of courage can inform future practice, thus enabling preparation and support for nurses' use of courage in practice settings, and to enhance understanding of their use of it in everyday professional practice. Method The study used unstructured interviews in a grounded-theory approach, in which a theory is constructed by analysing data, underpinned with epistemology of social constructionism, a theory that examines shared assumptions about reality...
February 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239922/diverging-approaches-of-pharmacovigilance-and-pharmacoepidemiology-to-assessing-drug-safety-epistemological-and-ethical-implications
#11
Joël Coste
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239195/who-is-the-scientist-subject-a-critique-of-the-neo-kantian-scientist-subject-in-lorraine-daston-and-peter-galison-s-objectivity
#12
REVIEW
Esha Shah
The main focus of this essay is to closely engage with the role of scientist-subjectivity in the making of objectivity in Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison's book Objectivity, and Daston's later and earlier works On Scientific Observation and The Moral Economy of Science. I have posited four challenges to the neo-Kantian and Foucauldian constructions of the co-implication of psychology and epistemology presented in these texts. Firstly, following Jacques Lacan's work, I have argued that the subject of science constituted by the mode of modern science suffers from paranoia...
2017: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238977/deaf-hearing-research-partnerships
#13
Ju-Lee A Wolsey, Kim Misener Dunn, Scott W Gentzke, Hannah A Joharchi, M Diane Clark
Deaf individuals typically are seen through the lens of the dominant hearing society's perception, i.e., that being deaf is an impairment. Today, a small but growing number of Deaf and hearing researchers are challenging this perception. The authors examined perceptions of what components are necessary for a successful Deaf/hearing research partnership, and propose that it is essential for Deaf and hearing researchers to embrace a Deaf epistemology. The authors found that a core category of equity is the key to effective teams...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225699/what-is-the-relevance-of-procedural-fairness-to-making-determinations-about-medical-evidence
#14
Govind Persad
Approaches relying on fair procedures rather than substantive principles have been proposed for answering dilemmas in medical ethics and health policy. These dilemmas generally involve two questions: the epistemological (factual) question of which benefits an intervention will have, and the ethical (value) question of how to distribute those benefits. This article focuses on the potential of fair procedures to help address epistemological and factual questions in medicine, using the debate over antidepressant efficacy as a test case...
February 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219269/the-potentiality-of-a-healthy-self-evaluating-progressively-empowered-internalisation-and-diagnosis-through-the-lens-of-existential-epistemology
#15
Anna Westin
In this article I will examine how the language of diagnosis can engage with existential epistemology to develop a concept of Progressively Empowered Internalisation (PEI). This, I will argue, challenges conceptualisations of diagnosis as articulating and maintaining a static self-concept. It enables the individual to synthesise the language of a particular mental experience within the wider engagement of their own active process of self-becoming. I will suggest that this construction of PEI addresses the limitations of stigmatisation and static self-concepts...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205090/-from-controversy-to-scientific-discussion-the-dispute-over-the-vacuum-and-its-pascalian-metamorphosis
#16
Martine Pécharman
Pascal's Expériences nouvelles touchant le vide (1647) outlines a physical demonstration that aims to put to an end controversies between plenists and vacuists. The traditional form of the dispute with which Pascal wanted to break, however, finds itself reactivated by Étienne Noël, who takes up again the plenist objections which the Expériences nouvelles only consider as possible the better to refute them. Pascal's letters Au très révérend père Noël and À Monsieur Le Pailleur on the contrary permit one to define a field of disputation different from the one which Noël perpetuates...
December 2016: Revue de Synthèse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205084/-the-republic-of-humours-scholarly-quarrels-in-bayle-s-dictionary
#17
Isabelle Moreau
Quarrelling is a 'routine' activity of the Republic of Letters. This article demonstrates that quarrels played a key role in the field of historical criticism. The contention of this article is twofold. First, it explores the epistemological issues raised by Bayle while reporting the quarrels of the Republic of Letters, and demonstrates their creative potential, thus applying to historiography conclusions drawn by recent research on scientific controversies. It offers a new understanding of scholarly quarrels, here understood as a socially and intellectually structuring activity...
December 2016: Revue de Synthèse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198580/can-nursing-epistemology-embrace-p-values
#18
Christine H K Ou, Wendy A Hall, Sally E Thorne
The use of correlational probability values (p-values) as a means of evaluating evidence in nursing and health care has largely been accepted uncritically. There are reasons to be concerned about an uncritical adherence to the use of significance testing, which has been located in the natural science paradigm. p-values have served in hypothesis and statistical testing, such as in randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses to support what has been portrayed as the highest levels of evidence in the framework of evidence-based practice...
February 15, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196563/a-foundational-analysis-of-dorothea-orem-s-self-care-theory-and-evaluation-of-its-significance-for-nursing-practice-and-research
#19
Ahtisham Younas
In-depth understanding of the ontological and epistemological assumptions of nursing theories can be achieved through theory analysis. Several theory analysis criteria have been proposed for examining ontological and epistemological assumptions, but there are limited examples of actual analysis of these assumptions. This article presents an analysis of the ontological and epistemological assumptions of Dorothea Orem's selfcare theory and evaluates its significance for nursing practice and research.
February 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194883/understanding-process-and-context-in-breastfeeding-support-interventions-the-potential-of-qualitative-research
#20
Dawn Leeming, Joyce Marshall, Abigail Locke
Considerable effort has been made in recent years to gain a better understanding of the effectiveness of different interventions for supporting breastfeeding. However, research has tended to focus primarily on measuring outcomes and has paid comparatively little attention to the relational, organizational, and wider contextual processes that may impact delivery of an intervention. Supporting a woman with breastfeeding is an interpersonal encounter that may play out differently in different contexts, despite the apparently consistent aims and structure of an intervention...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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