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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714437/the-pragmatic-utility-of-watson-based-caring-measures
#1
Huda Atiyeh, Muayyad Ahmad, Eman Tariq Alslman, Manar Ali Bani Hani
PURPOSE: This study aims to clarify the caring concept with emphasis on the pragmatic utility of caring measures. METHOD: The Morse et al. (Morse, Hupcey, Mitcham, & Lenz, 1996; Morse, Mitcham, Hupcey, & Tasón, 1996) criteria for concept maturity were used as a framework. A literature review of Watson-based caring concept was undertaken to evaluate the logical, epistemological, linguistical, and pragmatic parameters. RESULTS: The concept of caring as conceptualized by Watson and operationalized through different measures appeared mature...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681642/indonesian-teachers-epistemological-beliefs-and-inclusive-education
#2
Kieron Sheehy, Budiyanto, Helen Kaye, Khofidotur Rofiah
A growing number of children with intellectual disabilities attend inclusive schools in Indonesia. Previous research has suggested that teachers' type of school and experience influences their beliefs about inclusive education. This research collected questionnaire data from 267 Indonesian teachers and compared the responses from those working in inclusive, special and regular schools regarding their epistemological and pedagogical beliefs. The results showed that teachers in inclusive schools expressed stronger social constructivist beliefs than those in other schools...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680475/the-geography-of-pre-criminal-space-epidemiological-imaginations-of-radicalisation-risk-in-the-uk-prevent-strategy-2007-2017
#3
Charlotte Heath-Kelly
This paper explores geographical and epistemological shifts in the deployment of the UK Prevent strategy, 2007 - 2017. Counter-radicalisation policies of the Labour governments (2006 - 2010) focused heavily upon resilience-building activities in residential communities. They borrowed from historical models of crime prevention and public health to imagine radicalisation risk as an epidemiological concern in areas showing a 2% or higher demography of Muslims. However, this racialized and localised imagination of pre-criminal space was replaced, after the election of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition in 2010...
2017: Crit Stud Terror
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676768/beyond-monologicality-exploring-conspiracist-worldviews
#4
Bradley Franks, Adrian Bangerter, Martin W Bauer, Matthew Hall, Mark C Noort
Conspiracy theories (CTs) are widespread ways by which people make sense of unsettling or disturbing cultural events. Belief in CTs is often connected to problematic consequences, such as decreased engagement with conventional political action or even political extremism, so understanding the psychological and social qualities of CT belief is important. CTs have often been understood to be "monological," displaying the tendency for belief in one conspiracy theory to be correlated with belief in (many) others...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673186/too-much-to-tell-narrative-styles-of-the-first-descriptions-of-the-natural-world-of-the-indies
#5
Henrique Leitão, Antonio Sánchez
Describing a Mundus Novus was a very singular task in the sixteenth century. It was an effort shaped by a permanent inherent tension between novelty and normality, between the immense variety of new facts (some extraordinary) and the demand of credibility. How did these inner strains affect the narrative style of the first descriptions of the natural world of 'the Indies'? How were the first European observers of the nature of America able to simultaneously transmit the idea of immensity and regularity ( mundus), and that of novelty ( novus)? How did they attempt to describe new worlds knowing that there was a lot - perhaps too much - to tell? This paper focuses not on the much-discussed epistemological issues related to those questions, but on their narrative and stylistic consequences...
June 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658513/the-role-of-hospice-in-the-transition-from-hospital-to-home-for-technology-dependent-children-a-qualitative-study
#6
Jayne Price, Sharon McCloskey, Kevin Brazil
AIM: This paper reports on parent and professional perspectives of step down care in assisting the transition from hospital to home, within one children's hospice in a constituent country of the United Kingdom. BACKGROUND: In recent years increasing numbers of children dependent on long term assisted ventilation have been noted. Meeting the complex physical, emotional and social needs of the child and family is challenging. Many of these children spend extended periods in hospital even when medically stable...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658394/the-influence-of-capitalism-on-the-production-of-knowledge-in-nursing
#7
Monica Motta Lino, Vânia Marli Schubert Backes, Maria Arminda da Silva Mendes Carneiro da Costa, Maria Manuela Ferreira Pereira da Silva Martins, Murielk Motta Lino
Objective: To understand the capitalist influence over the production of nursing knowledge according to Brazilian and Portuguese researchers. Method: Descriptive, exploratory, and qualitative research, with 17 research nurses selected using the snowball technique. Data were collected from October 2011 to November 2012 in Brazil and Portugal, by means of semi-structured interviews. We analysed the content of the interviews and produced inferences based in the theoretical assumptions of Gaston Bachelard and the notion of an epistemological obstacle...
June 26, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649119/rags-make-paper-paper-makes-money-material-texts-and-metaphors-of-capital
#8
Jonathan Senchyne
Because nineteenth-century paper was made from rags, the materiality of paper money became a likely ground from which to debate the nature of value in modern capitalism. On one hand, if paper money was backed by nothing but itself, then it was worth little more than itself: a gathering of lowly rags. On the other hand, the process of turning trashed rags into valuable paper modeled how capital could seem to grow out of nothing. Two nineteenth-century literary narratives provide examples of how rags performed considerable social and metaphorical work in the construction of an epistemology of capitalism and its "paper technologies...
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648112/narrative-research-on-mental-health-recovery-two-sister-paradigms
#9
Gabriela Spector-Mersel, Evgeny Knaifel
BACKGROUND: Despite the breadth of narrative studies on individuals with severe mental illness, the suitability of narrative inquiry to exploring mental health recovery (MHR) has not been examined. AIMS: (1) Examining the appropriateness of narrative inquiry to studying MHR; (2) assessing the extent to which narrative studies on MHR conform to the unique features of narrative research, as a distinctive form of qualitative inquiry. METHODS: Review of empirical, theoretical and methodological literature on recovery and narrative inquiry...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644780/avoiding-racial-essentialism-in-medical-science-curricula
#10
Lundy Braun, Barry Saunders
A wave of medical student activism is shining a spotlight on medical educators' sometimes maladroit handling of racial categories in teaching about health disparities. Coinciding with recent critiques, primarily by social scientists, regarding the imprecise and inappropriate use of race as a biological or epidemiological risk factor in genetics research, medical student activism has triggered new collaborations among students, faculty, and administrators to rethink how race is addressed in the medical curriculum...
June 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610755/epistemological-erasure-the-subject-of-abuse-in-the-problematization-of-elder-abuse
#11
Bridget Garnham, Lia Bryant
The academic field of literature pertaining to elder abuse emerges largely from gerontology with contributions from a variety of disciplines including geriatric medicine, nursing, public health, law, psychology, sociology and social work. This paper presents a critical review of articles drawn from this literature to identify current directions leading the development of empirical research in this field. The objective measurement of prevalence, the identification and correlation of psycho-social risk factors and practice-based research oriented to intervention and prevention are identified as privileged sites for scientific investigation...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603446/how-to-make-your-relationship-work-aesthetic-relations-with-technology
#12
EDITORIAL
Jeannette Pols
Discussing the workings of technology in care as aesthetic rather than as ethical or epistemological interventions focusses on how technologies engage in and change relations between those involved. Such an aesthetic study opens up a repertoire to address values that are abundant in care, but are as yet hardly theorized. Kamphof studies the problem that sensor technology reveals things about the elderly patients without the patients being aware of this. I suggest improvement of these relations may be considered in aesthetic terms, for instance by developing the affective quality of people's technological relationships...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572780/modeling-psychological-attributes-in-psychology-an-epistemological-discussion-network-analysis-vs-latent-variables
#13
Hervé Guyon, Bruno Falissard, Jean-Luc Kop
Network Analysis is considered as a new method that challenges Latent Variable models in inferring psychological attributes. With Network Analysis, psychological attributes are derived from a complex system of components without the need to call on any latent variables. But the ontological status of psychological attributes is not adequately defined with Network Analysis, because a psychological attribute is both a complex system and a property emerging from this complex system. The aim of this article is to reappraise the legitimacy of latent variable models by engaging in an ontological and epistemological discussion on psychological attributes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570380/rigor-or-reliability-and-validity-in-qualitative-research-perspectives-strategies-reconceptualization-and-recommendations
#14
Brigitte S Cypress
Issues are still raised even now in the 21st century by the persistent concern with achieving rigor in qualitative research. There is also a continuing debate about the analogous terms reliability and validity in naturalistic inquiries as opposed to quantitative investigations. This article presents the concept of rigor in qualitative research using a phenomenological study as an exemplar to further illustrate the process. Elaborating on epistemological and theoretical conceptualizations by Lincoln and Guba, strategies congruent with qualitative perspective for ensuring validity to establish the credibility of the study are described...
July 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567483/-gender-norms-and-expertise-constructions-of-gender-in-psychiatrists-legal-opinions-in-imperial-germany-1871-1914
#15
Marcus B Carrier
This article focuses on notions of gender in psychiatrists' expert opinions written for lawsuits during the German Empire, 1871-1914. Four different narratives concerning gender can be identified in these testimonies. On the one hand, the reports describe women and men who did not conform to the gender stereotypes of the time. The psychiatrists found the non-conformist defendants to be of unsound mind. On the other hand, women and men who did conform to the gender stereotypes were also described. In those cases, however, "feminine" women were certified insane, whereas "masculine" men were accused of simulating a mental disease in order to avoid punishment...
May 31, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567025/a-proposal-for-a-scientifically-informed-and-instrumentalist-account-of-free-will-and-voluntary-action
#16
Eric Racine
The ability to choose freely is captured under the umbrella concept of "free will," which designates an ability that plays a crucial role in most understandings of autonomy and responsibility and, thus, bears significance for moral practice and moral theory. Some claim that neuroscience research challenges the existence of free will/voluntary action while some who adopt stronger eliminativist stances have gone as far as describing free will as an illusion. Contrary to that, those relying on realist stances have restated the foundational value and role of folk psychological concepts of voluntary action and free will in, for example, the domains of ethics and law...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566568/what-is-qualitative-research
#17
Takashi Otani
 The article is an in-depth explanation of qualitative research, an approach increasingly prevalent among today's research communities. After discussing its present spread within the health sciences, the author addresses: 1. Its definition. 2. Its characteristics, as well as its theoretical and procedural background. 3. Its procedures. 4. Differences between qualitative and quantitative approaches. 5. Mixed methods incorporating quantitative research. And in conclusion: 6. The importance of establishing an epistemological perspective in qualitative research...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547379/concerning-the-importance-of-ontological-issues-for-cultural-psychology-a-reply-to-comments
#18
Irina A Mironenko
The paper continues the "ontological" discussion in IBPS, addressing the question of the importance of ontological issues for contemporary development of cultural psychology. The language psychological science speaks is considered as an ontological issue and a most topical one for cultural psychology, aiming at "constructing a psychology that is universal while being culture-inclusive" (Valsiner 2009, p.2). Ontological issues could stay implicit and neglected, as long as the 'etant, "the mode of being", "the particularities" were discussed within the circle of adherents of one and the same school, who implicitly had in mind the same 'entre...
September 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543705/empirical-and-pragmatic-adequacy-of-grounded-theory-advancing-nurse-empowerment-theory-for-nurses-practice
#19
Sonia A Udod, Louise Racine
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: Drawing on the findings of a grounded theory study aimed at exploring how power is exercised in nurse-manager relationships in the hospital setting, this paper examines the empirical and pragmatic adequacy of grounded theory as a methodology to advance the concept of empowerment in the area of nursing leadership and management. BACKGROUND: The evidence on staff nurse empowerment has highlighted the magnitude of individual and organizational outcomes, but has not fully explicated the micro-level processes underlying how power is exercised, shared or created within the nurse-manager relationship...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540767/the-use-of-pathological-grief-outcomes-in-bereavement-studies-on-african-americans
#20
Leeat Granek, Tal Peleg-Sagy
Pathological bereavement outcomes (i.e., complicated grief, traumatic grief, prolonged grief disorder) are a robust and growing research area in the psychological and medical sciences. Although grief is considered to be a universal phenomenon, it is well documented that grieving processes and outcomes are culturally and contextually bound. The objectives of this study were: (a) to examine representations of African Americans in the grief and mourning literature and to assess the extent to which this research utilizes pathological grief outcomes; and (b) to examine the characteristics of pathological grief constructs in the literature to assess their relevance for African American populations...
June 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
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