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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769100/what-did-the-go4health-policy-research-project-contribute-to-the-policy-discourse-on-the-sustainable-development-goals-a-reflexive-review
#1
REVIEW
Vannarath Te, Nadia Floden, Sameera Hussain, Claire E Brolan, Peter S Hill
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the European Commission funded Go4Health-Goals and Governance for Global Health, a consortium of 13 academic research and human rights institutions from both Global North and South-to track the evolution of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and provide ongoing policy advice. This paper reviews the research outputs published between 2012 and 2016, analyzing the thematic content of the publications, and the influence on global health and development discourse through citation metrics...
May 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764643/exploring-an-integrated-curriculum-in-pharmacy-educators-perspectives
#2
Andrew Mawdsley, Sarah Willis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lack of consensus regarding the benefits of an integrated curriculum, and ambiguity concerning what is being integrated within a pharmacy curriculum exists, but how an integrated curriculum is viewed, epistemologically, and subsequently incorporated into teaching practice has not been investigated. This study explores how educators conceptualize, experience and enact curricula integration both pedagogically and organizationally. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: In-depth qualitative interviews with faculty members purposively sampled for maximum variation in disciplinary background and teaching experience were undertaken at a single site...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761255/considering-axiological-integrity-a-methodological-analysis-of-qualitative-evidence-syntheses-and-its-implications-for-health-professions-education
#3
REVIEW
Martina Kelly, Rachel H Ellaway, Helen Reid, Heather Ganshorn, Sarah Yardley, Deirdre Bennett, Tim Dornan
Qualitative evidence synthesis (QES) is a suite of methodologies that combine qualitative techniques with the synthesis of qualitative knowledge. They are particularly suited to medical education as these approaches pool findings from original qualitative studies, whilst paying attention to context and theoretical development. Although increasingly sophisticated use is being made of qualitative primary research methodologies in health professions education (HPE) the use of secondary qualitative reviews in HPE remains underdeveloped...
May 14, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759041/naming-the-unspeakable-harm-of-street-harassment-a-survey-based-examination-of-disclosure-practices
#4
Bianca Fileborn
Street harassment may be considered an "unspeakable" harm on account of the routine silencing and trivialization of victims' experiences. Disclosing street harassment is vital in making its harms visible and in working to transform social and cultural attitudes. Despite a recent resurgence of interest in street harassment via online activist groups, there is scant research on disclosure practices. Drawing on findings from an online, mixed-methods survey with 292 participants who have experienced street harassment, I examine disclosure practices using an intersectional lens...
May 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754322/continuity-of-learning-in-discontinuous-conditions-children-experience-of-transition-in-irreversible-time
#5
Dany Boulanger
In this theoretical paper, I propose that in certain conditions children's subjective continuity (irreversible time) of experience could be sustained by objective discontinuity in reference to instruments like the clock that is used to sequentialize time in school. I suggest that it happens through intervals-as-transitions (c.f., breaks in school) that Min (2018; this special issue) undermines for epistemological reasons but insisted upon by Bergson. I use Bergson to epistemologically reframe Min's (2018) interesting suggestions -that I partially use- with respect to irreversible time...
May 12, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749842/working-and-learning-in-a-field-excursion
#6
Torstein Nielsen Hole
This study aimed to discern sociocultural processes through which students learn in field excursions. To achieve this aim, short-term ethnographic techniques were employed to examine how undergraduate students work and enact knowledge (or knowing) during a specific field excursion in biology. The students participated in a working practice that employed research methods and came to engage with various biological phenomena over the course of their work. A three-level analysis of the students' experiences focused on three processes that emerged: participatory appropriation, guided participation, and apprenticeship...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745693/pierre-janet-and-the-enchanted-boundary-of-psychical-research
#7
Renaud Evrard, Erika Annabelle Pratte, Etzel Cardeña
Among the founders of French psychology, Pierre Janet (1859-1947) is recognized for both his scientific and institutional roles. The psychology born at the turn of the 20th century was initially partly receptive to, but then engaged in, a battle with the "psychical marvelous," and Janet was no exception. He was involved in the split between psychology and parapsychology (or "metapsychics" in France), developed at that time, playing several successive roles: the pioneer, the repentant, and the gatekeeper...
May 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743061/transitional-journeys-into-and-through-medical-education-for-first-in-family-fif-students-a-qualitative-interview-study
#8
Andrew Mark Bassett, Caragh Brosnan, Erica Southgate, Heidi Lempp
BACKGROUND: There has been much interest in the transitions along the medical education continuum. However, little is known about how students from non-traditional backgrounds experience both the move to, and through Medical School, and their ambitions post-graduation. This research sought to understand the transitional journey into, and through undergraduate medical education, and future career aspirations for first-in-family (FiF) medical students. METHODS: Based on a interpretivist epistemological perspective, 20 FiF students from one English Medical School participated in semi-structured interviews...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742930/reporting-qualitative-research-standards-challenges-and-implications-for-health-design
#9
Kathryn Peditto
OBJECTIVE: This Methods column describes the existing reporting standards for qualitative research, their application to health design research, and the challenges to implementation. Intended for both researchers and practitioners, this article provides multiple perspectives on both reporting and evaluating high-quality qualitative research. BACKGROUND: Two popular reporting standards exist for reporting qualitative research-the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ) and the Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research (SRQR)...
January 1, 2018: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724120/critical-dialogical-approach-a-methodological-direction-for-occupation-based-social-transformative-work
#10
Lisette Farias, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Nick Pollard, Sandra Schiller, Ana Paula Serrata Malfitano, Kerry Thomas, Hanneke van Bruggen
BACKGROUND: Calls for embracing the potential and responsibility of occupational therapy to address socio-political conditions that perpetuate occupational injustices have materialized in the literature. However, to reach beyond traditional frameworks informing practices, this social agenda requires the incorporation of diverse epistemological and methodological approaches to support action commensurate with social transformative goals. AIM: Our intent is to present a methodological approach that can help extend the ways of thinking or frameworks used in occupational therapy and science to support the ongoing development of practices with and for individuals and collectives affected by marginalizing conditions...
May 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713300/illustration-of-step-wise-latent-class-modeling-with-covariates-and-taxometric-analysis-in-research-probing-children-s-mental-models-in-learning-sciences
#11
Dimitrios Stamovlasis, George Papageorgiou, Georgios Tsitsipis, Themistoklis Tsikalas, Julie Vaiopoulou
This paper illustrates two psychometric methods, latent class analysis (LCA) and taxometric analysis (TA) using empirical data from research probing children's mental representation in science learning. LCA is used to obtain a typology based on observed variables and to further investigate how the encountered classes might be related to external variables, where the effectiveness of classification process and the unbiased estimations of parameters become the main concern. In the step-wise LCA, the class membership is assigned and subsequently its relationship with covariates is established...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696056/from-the-black-atlantic-to-the-bleak-pacific-re-reading-benito-cereno
#12
Alexandra Ganser
Herman Melville's novella "Benito Cereno" (1855/56) is one of the best-studied texts both within Melville's oeuvre and nineteenth-century American literature in general. In recent decades, its puzzling structure and fragmented narrative perspective as well as its symbolism and themes have been subject to critical scrutiny mostly in the context of inquiries into the text's racial politics regarding the institution of slavery. More specifically, the canonical tale about a slave uprising on the ship San Dominick , its detection by a Massachusetts-born captain and its consequences, has been discussed in the context of Paul Gilroy's black Atlantic paradigm...
2018: Atlantic Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693563/rationalism-empiricism-and-evidence-based-medicine-a-call-for-a-new-galenic-synthesis
#13
William M Webb
Thirty years after the rise of the evidence-based medicine (EBM) movement, formal training in philosophy remains poorly represented among medical students and their educators. In this paper, I argue that EBM’s reception in this context has resulted in a privileging of empiricism over rationalism in clinical reasoning with unintended consequences for medical practice. After a limited review of the history of medical epistemology, I argue that a solution to this problem can be found in the method of the 2nd-century Roman physician Galen, who brought empiricism and rationalism together in a synthesis anticipating the scientific method...
April 25, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680265/making-a-difference-applying-vitellone-s-social-science-of-the-syringe-to-performance-and-image-enhancing-drug-injecting
#14
Aaron Hart
Vitellone's Social Science of the Syringe investigates epistemologies of injecting drug use. She argues for a methodology that can be simultaneously sensitive to biopolitical power regimes; the trajectories of social stratification; and the resistance, creativity and dignity of human agency. She proposes a methodological focus on the syringe-in-use as an active participant in these dynamics. Harm reduction policy and service provision frameworks have paid little attention to the phenomena of performance and image enhancing drug (PIEDs) injection...
April 18, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657708/comparative-approaches-to-gentrification-lessons-from-the-rural
#15
Martin Phillips, Darren P Smith
The epistemologies and politics of comparative research are prominently debated within urban studies, with 'comparative urbanism' emerging as a contemporary lexicon of urban studies. The study of urban gentrification has, after some delay, come to engage with these debates, which can be seen to pose a major challenge to the very concept of gentrification. To date, similar debates or developments have not unfolded within the study of rural gentrification. This article seeks to address some of the challenges posed to gentrification studies through an examination of strategies of comparison and how they might be employed within a comparative study of rural gentrification...
March 2018: Dialogues in Human Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655519/much-ado-about-mice-standard-setting-in-model-organism-research
#16
Rebecca A Hardesty
Recently there has been a practice turn in the philosophy of science that has called for analyses to be grounded in the actual doings of everyday science. This paper is in furtherance of this call and it does so by employing participant-observation ethnographic methods as a tool for discovering epistemological features of scientific practice in a neuroscience lab. The case I present focuses on a group of neurobiologists researching the genetic underpinnings of cognition in Down syndrome (DS) and how they have developed a new mouse model which they argue should be regarded as the "gold standard" for all DS mouse research...
April 11, 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643922/an-investigation-of-the-psychological-experiences-of-patients-under-mechanical-ventilation-following-open-heart-surgery
#17
Yousef Aslani, Reyhaneh Niknejad, Maryam Moghimian, Jaefar Maghaddasi, Mohammad Akbari
BACKGROUND: Breathing and living on mechanical ventilation develops a different feeling in patients. Most of such feelings and experiences are not pleasant and can lead to psychiatric disorders in the patients after they are detached from the ventilator. The aim of this study is to explore the psychological experiences of patients under mechanical ventilation. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted according to an interpretive epistemological approach in 2016...
November 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626405/best-of-both-worlds-comment-on-re-making-the-procrustean-bed-standardization-and-customization-as-competing-logics-in-healthcare
#18
Catherine Needham
This article builds on Mannion and Exworthy's account of the tensions between standardization and customization within health services to explore why these tensions exist. It highlights the limitations of explanations which root them in an expression of managerialism versus professionalism and suggests that each logic is embedded in a set of ontological, epistemological and moral commitments which are held in tension. At the front line of care delivery, people cannot resolve these tensions but must navigate and negotiate them...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624984/geriatric-intervention-strategy-to-enhance-the-social-roles-of-the-elderly
#19
Marcelo Piña-Morán, María Gladys Olivo-Viana, María de la Luz Martínez-Maldonado, Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
At the global level, population aging is an issue that is becoming increasingly important due to the great impact it will have on the 21st century society. It is essential to develop policies, strategies and actions aimed at addressing the issues that will arise from the rapid increase in this segment of population. The aim of this paper is to propose the geriatric intervention as a strategy for the development of the older people in their community. We expose the epistemological frame, the theoretical and methodological support and the need to find a language to incorporate the older adult actively to society, in a condition of total equality...
2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624917/essential-ingredients-of-engagement-when-working-alongside-people-after-their-first-episode-of-psychosis-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#20
REVIEW
Rachel M Tindall, Magenta B Simmons, Kelly Allott, Bridget E Hamilton
AIM: Early intervention services (EISs) for first-episode psychosis (FEP) have been established internationally, however, service disengagement is a recurrent concern resulting in unplanned treatment cessation. The implications of this are far-reaching due to the financial and personal costs associated with untreated symptoms. The aim of this meta-synthesis was to collect, interpret and synthesize qualitative research about how engagement is experienced within EISs for FEP. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE and Ovid Emcare from date of conception to November 2016...
April 6, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
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