Read by QxMD icon Read


Ritika S Joshi, Dipanwita Das Mukherjee, Subhendu Chakrabarty, Ansie Martin, Manojkumar Jadhao, Gopal Chakrabarti, Angshuman Sarkar, Sujit Kumar Ghosh
In the development of small molecule drug candidates, naphthalimide based compounds hold a very important position as potent anti-cancer agents with considerable safety in drug discoveries. Being synthetically and readily accessible, naphthalimide compounds with planar architecture have been developed mostly as DNA targeting intercalators. However, in this article, we demonstrate, for the first time, wherein an unfused naphthalimide-benzothiazole bichromophoric compound 2-(6-chlorobenzo[d] thiazol-2-yl)-1H-benzo[de] isoquinoline-1,3(2H)-dione (CBIQD), designed and synthesized by our group, seem to expand the bioactivity of naphthalimide as anti-mitotic agents also...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Patrycja Plewka, Agnieszka Thompson, Maciej Szymanski, Przemyslaw Nuc, Katarzyna Knop, Agnieszka Rasinska, Aleksandra Bialkowska, Zofia Szweykowska-Kulinska, Wojciech M Karlowski, Artur Jarmolowski
The Arabidopsis GUT15 RNA belongs to a class of noncoding RNAs that are expressed from the intergenic regions of protein-coding genes. We show that the RNA polymerase II transcribed GUT15 transcript serves as a precursor for two stable RNA species, a tRNA-like molecule and GUT15-tRF-F5, which are both encoded by the final intron in the GUT15 gene. The GUT15-encoded tRNA-like molecule cannot be autonomously transcribed by RNA polymerase III. However, this molecule contains a CCA motif, suggesting that it may enter the tRNA maturation pathway...
March 21, 2018: RNA Biology
Nedime Serakinci, Huseyin Cagsin, Merdiye Mavis
Telomeres are repetitive genetic materials that protect the chromosomes by capping the ends of chromosomes. Each time a cell divides, telomeres get shorter. Telomere length is mainly maintained by telomerase. This enzyme is present in the embryonic stem cells in high concentrations and declines with age. It is still unclear to what extend there is telomerase in adult stem cells, but considering these are the founder cells to the cells of the all tissues in a body, understanding the telomere dynamics and expression of telomerase in adult stem cells is very important...
March 15, 2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Jee Youn Hwang, Kesavan Markkandan, Mun Gyeong Kwon, Jung Soo Seo, Seung-Il Yoo, Seong Don Hwang, Maeng-Hyun Son, Junhyung Park
Olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) is one of the most valuable marine aquatic species in South Korea and faces tremendous exposure to the viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV). Given the growing importance of flounder, it is therefore essential to understand the host defense of P. olivaceus against VHSV infection, but studies on its immune mechanism are hindered by the lack of genomic resources. In this study, the P. olivaceus was infected with disease-causing VHSV isolates, ADC-VHS2012-11 and ADC-VHS2014-5 which showed moderate virulent (20% mortality) and high virulent (65% mortality), in order to investigate the effect of difference in pathogenicity in head kidney during 1, 3, 7 days of post-infection using Illumina sequencing...
March 9, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Birgit Levelink, Frans J M Feron, Edward Dompeling, Dorothea M C B van Zeben-van de Aa
OBJECTIVE: A new Dutch Child and Youth Act should reduce specialized mental health care for children with symptoms of ADHD. Characteristics of children referred to a specialized ADHD clinic are explored to give direction to this intention. METHOD: Data of 261 children who underwent a multidisciplinary best practice evaluation (including rating scales, and demographic, psychological, and somatic findings) were analyzed. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were used to find predictive variables for the need of specialized mental health care...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
Ya-Ping Qin, Chao Jia, Xi-Wen He, Wen-You Li, YuKui Zhang
A new type of thermo-sensitive dual-template epitope molecular imprinting polymer was prepared coated on magnetic carbon nanotubes (MCNTs@D-EMIP) for simultaneous recognition of human serum albumin (HSA) and transferrin (Trf) via the strategies of dual-template epitope imprinting, metal chelation imprinting and distillation-precipitation polymerization (DPP). C-terminal peptides of HSA and C-terminal peptides of Trf were selected as templates, zinc acrylate and N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) were used as functional monomers, and MCNTs@D-EMIP was prepared by the method of DPP...
February 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Anna Riva, Renata Nacinovich, Elisa Brivio, Francesca Mapelli, Sara M Rossi, Francesca Neri, Monica Bomba
BACKGROUND: Aim of the study is to collect information about emotional features in a sample of immigrant preadolescents in order to identify traits of emotional fragility or psychopathological risk factors. METHODS: The sample consists of 1206 preadolescents (180 immigrants, 1026 Italian natives) attending the third year of the middle schools. In order to assess anxiety levels and the presence of depressive symptoms the Self- Administered Psychiatric Scale (SAFA-A) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) were administered...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Umesh Kalathiya, Monikaben Padariya, Maciej Baginski
The telomere repeat binding-factor 1 and 2 (TRF1 and TRF2) proteins of the shelterin complex bind to duplex telomeric DNA as homodimers, and the homodimerization is mediated by their TRFH (TRF-homology) domains. We performed molecular dynamic (MD) simulations of the dimer forms of TRF1TRFH and TRF2TRFH in the presence/absence of the TIN2TBM (TIN2, TRF-interacting nuclear protein 2, TBM, TRF-binding motif) peptide. The MD results suggest that TIN2TBM is necessary to ensure the stability of TRF1TRFH homodimer but not the TRF2TRFH homodimer...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Anurag Mehta, Jaideep Patel, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Colby R Ayers, Ian J Neeland, Alka M Kanaya, Namratha Kandula, Michael J Blaha, Khurram Nasir, Roger S Blumenthal, Parag H Joshi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammatory biomarkers and adipocytokines (IBA) may contribute to atherosclerosis by promoting vascular inflammation. The association between IBA and coronary artery calcium (CAC), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, is not well defined in South Asians (SA). We hypothesized that IBA (high sensitivity C-reactive protein [hsCRP], tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-α], adiponectin, and leptin) were independently associated with and improved discrimination of CAC among SA...
January 29, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Ruiling Liu, Walter A Alarcon, Geoffrey M Calvert, Kathleen G Aubin, John Beckman, Karen R Cummings, Lucia S Graham, Sheila A Higgins, Prakash Mulay, Ketki Patel, Joanne B Prado, Abby Schwartz, Derry Stover, Justin Waltz
Total release foggers (TRFs) (also known as "bug bombs") are pesticide products often used indoors to kill insects. After an earlier report found that TRFs pose a risk for acute illness (1), the Environmental Protection Agency required improved labels on TRFs manufactured after September 2012 (2). To examine the early impact of relabeling, the magnitude and characteristics of acute TRF-related illness were evaluated for the period 2007-2015. A total of 3,222 TRF-related illnesses were identified in 10 participating states, based on three data sources: Sentinel Event Notification System for Occupational Risk-Pesticides (SENSOR) programs, the California Department of Pesticide Regulation (CDPR) program, and poison control centers (PCCs) in Florida, Texas, and Washington...
February 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
W-G Zhang, L-P Jia, J Ma, S-Y Zhu, S-S Nie, K-K Song, X-M Liu, Y-P Zhang, D Cao, X-P Yang, D-L Zhao, M-J Xiu, L Lin, Z-X Li, Q Huang, X-Z Chen, L Chen, P Wang, X-J Bai, Z Feng, B Fu, J Hunag, J-P Zhang, G-Y Cai, X-F Sun, X-M Chen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between baseline renal function and changes in telomere length in Han Chinese. METHODS: The telomere restriction fragment (TRF) length of leukocytes in the peripheral blood was measured in healthy volunteers recruited in 2014. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated based on serum creatinine (Scr) and serum cystatin C (CysC)-eGFRcys and eGFRScr-cys through the Cockcroft-Gault formula (eGFRC-G) or the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI / eGFRCKD-EPI) equation...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Erin Barbour-Tuck, Marta Erlandson, Nazeem Muhajarine, Heather Foulds, Adam Baxter-Jones
OBJECTIVE: Fat mass and the prevalence of overweight/obesity (OWO) increase during emerging adulthood (EA; 18-25 years). The factors that contribute to the transition from having healthy weight to having OWO during EA are understudied. This study aimed to identify the independent effect of concurrent physical activity (PA) and energy intake (EI) and childhood/adolescent fat accrual, PA, and EI on EA fat accrual. METHODS: One hundred twenty-six participants (59 male) were measured serially between 1991 and 2011...
January 27, 2018: Obesity
Matthew W Eng, Anthony Clemons, Casey Hill, Roberta Engel, David W Severson, Susanta K Behura
The mosquito Aedes aegypti is the primary vector of human arboviral diseases caused by dengue, chikungunya and Zika viruses. Many studies have shown the potential roles of small RNA molecules such as microRNA, small interfering RNA and PIWI-interacting RNA in vector mosquitoes. The function of tRNA fragments (tRF), the newly discovered class of small RNAs, in mosquitoes is not known. In this study, we show that specific tRFs are expressed in significantly differential manner between males and females of Ae...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Nourhan Shalaby, Alia Al-Ebraheem, Du Le, Sylvie Cornacchi, Qiyin Fang, Thomas Farrell, Peter Lovrics, Gabriela Gohla, Susan Reid, Nicole Hodgson, Michael Farquharson
PURPOSE: One of the major problems in breast cancer surgery is defining surgical margins and establishing complete tumor excision within a single surgical procedure. The goal of this work is to establish instrumentation that can differentiate between tumor and normal breast tissue with the potential to be implemented in vivo during a surgical procedure. METHODS: A time-resolved fluorescence and reflectance spectroscopy (tr-FRS) system is used to measure fluorescence intensity and lifetime as well as collect diffuse reflectance (DR) of breast tissue, which can subsequently be used to extract optical properties (absorption and reduced scatter coefficient) of the tissue...
January 22, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Xiaorong Zhang, Aysu Yarman, Júlia Erdossy, Sagie Katz, Ingo Zebger, Katharina J Jetzschmann, Zeynep Altintas, Ulla Wollenberger, Róbert E Gyurcsányi, Frieder W Scheller
Molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) nanofilms for transferrin (Trf) have been synthesized on gold surfaces by electro-polymerizing the functional monomer scopoletin in the presence of the protein target or around pre-adsorbed Trf. As determined by atomic force microscopy (AFM) the film thickness was comparable with the molecular dimension of the target. The target (re)binding properties of the electro-synthesized MIP films was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and square wave voltammetry (SWV) through the target-binding induced permeability changes of the MIP nanofilms to the ferricyanide redox marker, as well as by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and surface enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (SEIRAS) of the immobilized protein molecules...
January 9, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Tiago S Bara, Antonio C Farias, Erico Pg Felden, Mara L Cordeiro
Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social, behavioral, and communication impairments with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 68 school-aged children. There is a need for objective and easily applicable instruments for early identification of autistic children to enable initiation of early interventions during a very sensitive period of brain development and, consequently, optimize prognosis. Here, we tested the utility of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Caregiver-Teacher's Report Form (C-TRF) scales for assessing ASD in Brazil, where ASD screening research is emergent...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Rui Kano, Yun-Hsia Hsiao, Han Hock Siew, Charles Chen, Atsuhiko Hasegawa, Hiroshi Kamata
To clarify the terbinafine (TRF) resistance mechanism in a TRF-resistant strain of Microsporum canis, the expression of the pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR1), multidrug resistance (MDR1), MDR2 and MDR4 genes were investigated by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis, given the known interaction of the corresponding proteins with antifungals and with the efflux blocker FK506. The expression of the PDR1, MDR1, MDR2 and MDR4 genes was 2-4 times higher in the TRF-resistant strain grown in the presence of 0...
January 16, 2018: Mycopathologia
Tsung-Po Lai, Woodring E Wright, Jerry W Shay
The strengths and limitations of the major methods developed to measure telomere lengths (TLs) in cells and tissues are presented in this review. These include Q-PCR (<u>Q</u>uantitative<u>P</u>olymerase<u>C</u>hain<u>R</u>eaction), TRF (<u>T</u>erminal<u>R</u>estriction<u>F</u>ragment) analysis, a variety of Q-FISH (<u>Q</u>uantitative<u>F</u>luorescence<u>I</u>n<u>S</u>itu<u>H</u>ybridization) methods, STELA (<u>S</u>ingle<u>TE</u>lomere<u>L</u>ength<u>A</u>nalysis) and TeSLA (<u>Te</u>lomere<u>S</u>hortest<u>L</u>ength<u>A</u>ssay)...
March 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Jie Su, Xiwen He, Langxing Chen, Yukui Zhang
An efficient glycoproteins enrichment platform is one of vital preprocessing steps in biomarker research and in particular glycoproteomics. In this work, a well-defined boronic acid functionalized magnetic graphene oxide nanocomposite (Fe3O4-GO@PAAPBA) was synthesized for the selective enrichment of glycoproteins from complex biological samples via a novel strategy based on the "thiol-ene" click chemistry and surface initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP). The initiator of ATRP was anchored to the surface of substrate through "thiol-ene" click reaction...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
Di Li, Lin Li, Teng Xu, Tianxing Wang, Jinwei Ren, Xinran Liu, Yong Li
Impaired wound healing is a major clinical problem in patients with diabetes and is the leading cause of lower limb amputation. This study is aimed to observe the effects of small molecule oligopeptides isolated from sea cucumber (SCCOPs) on the wound healing process in diabetic mice. Ninety db/db male mice were divided into five groups, including the model control group, whey protein group (0.50 g/kg) and three SCCOPs dose groups (0.25 g/kg, 0.50 g/kg and 1.00 g/kg). Additionally, 18 db/m male mice were used as normal control group...
January 8, 2018: Marine Drugs
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"