keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

TRF

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109577/traditional-cardiovascular-risk-factors-or-inflammation-which-factors-accelerate-atherosclerosis-in-arthritis-patients
#1
A Dalbeni, A Giollo, A Tagetti, S Atanasio, G Orsolini, G Cioffi, F Ognibeni, M Rossini, P Minuz, C Fava, O Viapiana
: Patients with chronic inflammatory arthritis experience an increased incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events. In addition to visualizing atherosclerotic plaques, ultrasound examinations (USs) of the carotid arteries permit the measurement of subclinical markers of atherosclerosis, such as intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid segmental distensibility (cDC). The aims of the study were to identify the determinants of atherosclerosis acceleration (plaques, cIMT and cDC) in a sample of patients suffering from chronic arthritis and to compare these patients with a control group of people with ≤1 traditional risk factor (TRF) for CV disease...
January 14, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091348/effects-of-intermittent-fasting-on-glucose-and-lipid-metabolism
#2
Rona Antoni, Kelly L Johnston, Adam L Collins, M Denise Robertson
Two intermittent fasting variants, intermittent energy restriction (IER) and time-restricted feeding (TRF), have received considerable interest as strategies for weight-management and/or improving metabolic health. With these strategies, the pattern of energy restriction and/or timing of food intake are altered so that individuals undergo frequently repeated periods of fasting. This review provides a commentary on the rodent and human literature, specifically focusing on the effects of IER and TRF on glucose and lipid metabolism...
January 16, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053348/glucocorticoid-receptor-control-of-transcription-precision-and-plasticity-via-allostery
#3
Emily R Weikum, Matthew T Knuesel, Eric A Ortlund, Keith R Yamamoto
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a constitutively expressed transcriptional regulatory factor (TRF) that controls many distinct gene networks, each uniquely determined by particular cellular and physiological contexts. The precision of GR-mediated responses seems to depend on combinatorial, context-specific assembly of GR-nucleated transcription regulatory complexes at genomic response elements. In turn, evidence suggests that context-driven plasticity is conferred by the integration of multiple signals, each serving as an allosteric effector of GR conformation, a key determinant of regulatory complex composition and activity...
January 5, 2017: Nature Reviews. Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936807/trna-derived-rna-fragments-associate-with-human-multisynthetase-complex-msc-and-modulate-ribosomal-protein-translation
#4
Simon P Keam, Andrew Sobala, Sara Ten Have, Gyorgy Hutvagner
The functionality of small RNAs from abundant species of "housekeeping" noncoding RNAs (e.g., rRNA, tRNA, snRNA, snoRNA, etc.) remains a highly studied topic. The current state of research on short RNAs derived from transfer RNA (tRNA), called tRNA-derived fragments (tRFs), has been restricted largely to expression studies and limited functional studies. 5' tRFs are known translational inhibitors in mammalian cells, yet little is known about their functionality. Here we report on the first experimental evidence of the tRF protein interactome, identifying the mammalian multisynthetase complex as the primary interactor of the 5' tRF Gln19...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919235/geographical-distribution-of-typhoid-risk-factors-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Jung-Seok Lee, Vijayalaxmi V Mogasale, Vittal Mogasale, Kangsung Lee
BACKGROUND: While the global burden of typhoid fever has been often brought up for attention, the detailed surveillance information has only been available for the limited number of countries. As more efficacious vaccines will be available in the near future, it is essential to understand the geographically diverse patterns of typhoid risk levels and to prioritize the right populations for vaccination to effectively control the disease. METHODS: A composite index called the typhoid risk factor (TRF) index was created based on data with the Global Positioning System (GPS)...
December 5, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906949/pulsed-compared-to-thermal-radiofrequency-to-the-medial-calcaneal-nerve-for-management-of-chronic-refractory-plantar-fasciitis-a-prospective-comparative-study
#6
Ayman M Osman, Dina H El-Hammady, Mohamed M Kotb
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) treatment is a minimally invasive procedure that has been used for more than 3 decades in treating various chronic pain syndromes. Conventional (continuous) RF treatment occasionally results in worsening or even initiating a new type of pain. The use of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF), which has a non- or minimally neurodestructive neuromodulatory effect, serves as an alternative to conventional RF therapy in many medical situations. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of applying PRF for 6 minutes vs...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899576/the-nuclear-and-organellar-trna-derived-rna-fragment-population-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-is-highly-dynamic
#7
Valérie Cognat, Geoffrey Morelle, Cyrille Megel, Stéphanie Lalande, Jean Molinier, Timothée Vincent, Ian Small, Anne-Marie Duchêne, Laurence Maréchal-Drouard
In the expanding repertoire of small noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), tRNA-derived RNA fragments (tRFs) have been identified in all domains of life. Their existence in plants has been already proven but no detailed analysis has been performed. Here, short tRFs of 19-26 nucleotides were retrieved from Arabidopsis thaliana small RNA libraries obtained from various tissues, plants submitted to abiotic stress or fractions immunoprecipitated with ARGONAUTE 1 (AGO1). Large differences in the tRF populations of each extract were observed...
November 28, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892839/influence-of-adhesive-type-and-placement-technique-on-postoperative-sensitivity-in-posterior-composite-restorations
#8
Trf Costa, M Rezende, A Sakamoto, B Bittencourt, P Dalzochio, A D Loguercio, A Reis
PURPOSE: This double blind, randomized clinical trial compared the postoperative sensitivity of the placement technique (incremental and bulk fill) in posterior composite resin restorations bonded with two different adhesive strategies (self-etch and etch-and-rinse). METHODS: Posterior dental cavities of 72 participants (n=236), with a cavity depth of at least 3 mm, were randomly divided into four groups. The restorations were bonded using either the etch-and-rinse Tetric N-Bond (Ivoclar Vivadent) or the self-etch Tetric N-Bond SE (Ivoclar Vivadent)...
November 28, 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892771/a-trna-derived-fragment-competes-with-mrna-for-ribosome-binding-and-regulates-translation-during-stress
#9
Jennifer Gebetsberger, Leander Wyss, Anna M Mleczko, Julia Reuther, Norbert Polacek
Posttranscriptional processing of RNA molecules is a common strategy to enlarge the structural and functional repertoire of RNomes observed in all three domains of life. Fragmentation of RNA molecules of basically all functional classes has been reported to yield smaller non-protein coding RNAs (ncRNAs) that typically possess different roles compared to their parental transcripts. Here we show that a valine tRNA-derived fragment (Val-tRF) that is produced under certain stress conditions in the halophilic archaeon Haloferax volcanii is capable of binding to the small ribosomal subunit...
November 28, 2016: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875129/dynamic-estimation-of-the-auditory-temporal-response-function-from-meg-in-competing-speaker-environments
#10
Sahar Akram, Jonathan Z Simon, Behtash Babadi
OBJECTIVE: A central problem in computational neuroscience is to characterize brain function using neural activity recorded from the brain in response to sensory inputs with statistical confidence. Most of existing estimation techniques, such as those based on reverse correlation, exhibit two main limitations: first, they are unable to produce dynamic estimates of the neural activity at a resolution comparable with that of the recorded data, and second, they often require heavy averaging across time as well as multiple trials in order to construct statistical confidence intervals for a precise interpretation of data...
November 15, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836746/trf2-recruits-orc-through-trfh-domain-dimerization
#11
Mitsunori Higa, Tatsunori Kushiyama, Seiichiro Kurashige, Daisuke Kohmon, Kouki Enokitani, Satoko Iwahori, Nozomi Sugimoto, Kazumasa Yoshida, Masatoshi Fujita
Telomeres are specialized chromatin structures that prevent the degradation and instability of the ends of linear chromosomes. While telomerase maintains long stretches of the telomeric repeat, the majority of telomeric DNA is duplicated by conventional DNA replication. A fundamental step in eukaryotic DNA replication involves chromatin binding of the origin recognition complex (ORC). In human cells, telomeric repeat binding factor 2 (TRF2) is thought to play a role in the recruitment of ORC onto telomeres...
January 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832862/time-restricted-feeding-improves-insulin-resistance-and-hepatic-steatosis-in-a-mouse-model-of-postmenopausal-obesity
#12
Heekyung Chung, Winjet Chou, Dorothy D Sears, Ruth E Patterson, Nicholas J G Webster, Lesley G Ellies
BACKGROUND: Menopause is associated with significant hormonal changes that result in increased total body fat and abdominal fat, amplifying the risk for metabolic syndrome and diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer in postmenopausal women. Intermittent fasting regimens hold significant health benefit promise for obese humans, however, regimens that include extreme daytime calorie restriction or daytime fasting are generally associated with hunger and irritability, hampering long-term compliance and adoption in the clinical setting...
December 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810402/impact-of-intermittent-fasting-on-health-and-disease-processes
#13
REVIEW
Mark P Mattson, Valter D Longo, Michelle Harvie
Humans in modern societies typically consume food at least three times daily, while laboratory animals are fed ad libitum. Overconsumption of food with such eating patterns often leads to metabolic morbidities (insulin resistance, excessive accumulation of visceral fat, etc.), particularly when associated with a sedentary lifestyle. Because animals, including humans, evolved in environments where food was relatively scarce, they developed numerous adaptations that enabled them to function at a high level, both physically and cognitively, when in a food-deprived/fasted state...
October 31, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760402/short-term-effects-of-palm-tocotrienol-and-palm-carotenes-on-vascular-function-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Welma Stonehouse, Grant D Brinkworth, Campbell H Thompson, Mahinda Y Abeywardena
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In vitro, ex vivo and animal studies suggest palm-based tocotrienols and carotenes enhance vascular function, but limited data in humans exists. The aim was to examine the effects of palm-tocotrienols (TRF- 80) and palm-carotene (CC-60) supplementation on vascular function and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adults at increased risk of impaired vascular function. METHODS: Ninety men and women (18-70 yr, 20-45 kg/m(2)) with type 2 diabetes, impaired fasting glucose and/or elevated waist circumference were randomised to consume either TRF-80 (420 mg/day tocotrienol + 132 mg/day tocopherol), CC-60 (21 mg/day carotenes) or placebo (palm olein) supplements for 8 weeks...
October 14, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757130/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-val66met-polymorphism-is-a-risk-factor-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-a-turkish-sample
#15
Onder Ozturk, Burge Kabukcu Basay, Ahmet Buber, Omer Basay, Huseyin Alacam, Ali Bacanlı, Şenay Görücü Yılmaz, Mehmet Emin Erdal, Hasan Herken, Eyup Sabri Ercan
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that negatively affects different areas of life. We aimed to evaluate the associations between the Val66Met polymorphism of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and ADHD and to assess the effect of the BDNF polymorphism on the neurocognitive profile and clinical symptomatology in ADHD. METHODS: Two hundred one ADHD cases and 99 typically developing subjects (TD) between the ages of 8 and 15 years were involved in the study...
September 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750426/carrier-diffusion-lengths-of-over-500-nm-in-lead-free-perovskite-ch3nh3sni3-films
#16
Lin Ma, Feng Hao, Constantinos C Stoumpos, Brian T Phelan, Michael R Wasielewski, Mercouri G Kanatzidis
The dynamics of photoexcited lead-free perovskite films, CH3NH3SnI3, were studied using broadband transient absorption and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. Similar to its lead analogue CH3NH3PbI3, we show that free carrier (electrons and holes) recombination is also the dominant relaxation pathway in CH3NH3SnI3 films. The slow hot carrier relaxation time is 0.5 ps. Long carrier diffusion lengths for electrons (279 ± 88 nm) and holes (193 ± 46 nm) were obtained from fluorescence quenching measurements...
November 9, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737674/effects-of-eight-weeks-of-time-restricted-feeding-16-8-on-basal-metabolism-maximal-strength-body-composition-inflammation-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-resistance-trained-males
#17
Tatiana Moro, Grant Tinsley, Antonino Bianco, Giuseppe Marcolin, Quirico Francesco Pacelli, Giuseppe Battaglia, Antonio Palma, Paulo Gentil, Marco Neri, Antonio Paoli
BACKGROUND: Intermittent fasting (IF) is an increasingly popular dietary approach used for weight loss and overall health. While there is an increasing body of evidence demonstrating beneficial effects of IF on blood lipids and other health outcomes in the overweight and obese, limited data are available about the effect of IF in athletes. Thus, the present study sought to investigate the effects of a modified IF protocol (i.e. time-restricted feeding) during resistance training in healthy resistance-trained males...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729464/prepuberal-light-phase-feeding-induces-neuroendocrine-alterations-in-adult-rats
#18
C García-Luna, P Soberanes-Chávez, P de Gortari
Feeding patterns are important factors in obesity evolvement. Time-restricted feeding schedules (tRF) during resting phase change energy homeostasis regulation, disrupting the circadian release of metabolism-regulating hormones, such as leptin, insulin and corticosterone and promoting body weight gain. Thyroid (HPT) and adrenal (HPA) axes exhibit a circadian regulation and are involved in energy expenditure, thus studying their parameters in tRF paradigms will elucidate their role in energy homeostasis impairments under such conditions...
January 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717964/incubation-of-innovative-methanogenic-communities-to-seed-anaerobic-digesters
#19
Freddy Witarsa, Stephanie Lansing, Stephanie Yarwood, Martina Gonzalez Mateu
The methanogenic communities in alternative inocula and their potential to increase CH4 production in mesophilic and psychrophilic dairy manure-based anaerobic digesters were examined. Quantitative-PCR and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) profiles were used to determine archaeal and methanogenic community changes when three inocula (wetland sediment (WS), landfill leachate (LL), and mesophilic digestate (MD)) were incubated at 15, 25, and 35 °C for 91 and 196 days. After each incubation period, the inocula were used in biochemical methane potential (BMP) tests at the incubation temperatures...
November 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717244/telomere-content-measurement-in-human-hematopoietic-cells-comparative-analysis-of-qpcr-and-flow-fish-techniques
#20
Taylor Wand, Mike Fang, Christina Chen, Nathan Hardy, J Philip McCoy, Bogdan Dumitriu, Neal S Young, Angélique Biancotto
Abnormal telomere lengths have been linked to cancer and other hematologic disorders. Determination of mean telomere content (MTC) is traditionally performed by Southern blotting and densitometry, giving a mean telomere restriction fragment (TRF) value for the total cell population studied. Here, we compared a quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction approach (qPCR) and a flow cytometric approach, fluorescence in situ hybridization (Flow-FISH), to evaluate telomere content distribution in total patient peripheral blood mononuclear cells or specific cell populations...
October 2016: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
keyword
keyword
31580
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"