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Strength conditioning

Suzanne R Jongman, Antje S Meyer
Theories of conversation propose that in order to have smooth transitions from one turn to the next, speakers already plan their response while listening to their interlocutor. Moreover, it has been argued that speakers align their linguistic representations (i.e. prime each other), thereby reducing the processing costs associated with concurrent listening and speaking. In two experiments, we assessed how identity and associative priming from spoken words onto picture naming were affected by a concurrent speech planning task...
October 15, 2017: Acta Psychologica
Khanh-Hoa Tran-Ba, Daniel J Lee, Jieling Zhu, Keewook Paeng, Laura J Kaufman
Fibrillar type I collagen-based hydrogels are commonly used in tissue engineering and as matrices for biophysical studies. Mechanical and structural properties of these gels are known to be governed by the conditions under which fibrillogenesis occurs, exhibiting variation as a function of protein concentration, temperature, pH, and ionic strength. Deeper understanding of how macroscopic structure affects viscoelastic properties of collagen gels over the course of fibrillogenesis provides fundamental insight into biopolymer gel properties and promises enhanced control over the properties of such gels...
October 17, 2017: Biophysical Journal
Susan B Racette, James Rochon, Mary L Uhrich, Dennis T Villareal, Sai Krupa DAS, Luigi Fontana, Manjushri Bhapkar, Corby K Martin, Leanne M Redman, Paul J Fuss, Susan B Roberts, William E Kraus
PURPOSE: Calorie restriction (CR) improves health span and delays age-related diseases in many species. The multicenter Comprehensive Assessment of Long-term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy (CALERIE) study was the first randomized controlled trial of CR in nonobese humans. The aim of this investigation was to determine the effects of CR on V˙O2max and muscle strength in the CALERIE trial. METHODS: Healthy, normal-weight, and mildly overweight women and men (n = 218, mean ± SE age = 37...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Joseph B Vella, Ryan P Trombetta, Michael D Hoffman, Jason Inzana, Hani Awad, Danielle S W Benoit
Biphasic calcium phosphate scaffolds formed via 3D printing technology to exhibit porosity and chemical resorbability to promote osseointegration often lack the strength and toughness required to withstand loading in bone tissue engineering applications. Herein, sintering and CaP:poly(caprolactone) (PCL) composite formation were explored to improve 3D printed scaffold strength and toughness. Hydroxyapatite and α-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) biphasic calcium powders were printed using phosphoric acid binder, which generated monetite and hydroxyapatite scaffolds...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Morad Chughtai, Nicholas Piuzzi, George Yakubek, Anton Khlopas, Nipun Sodhi, Assem A Sultan, Salahuddin Nasir, Benjamin S T Yates, Anil Bhave, Michael A Mont
Patients suffering from quadriceps muscle weakness secondary to osteoarthritis or after surgeries, such as total knee arthroplasty, appear to benefit from the use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), which can improve muscle strength and function, range of motion, exercise capacity, and quality of life. Several modalities exist that deliver this therapy. However, with the ever-increasing demand to improve clinical efficiency and costs, digitalize healthcare, optimize data collection, improve care coordination, and increase patient compliance and engagement, newer devices incorporating technologies that facilitate these demands are emerging...
October 12, 2017: Surgical Technology International
Kirill A Minin, Artem Zhmurov, Kenneth A Marx, Prashant K Purohit, Valeri Barsegov
We carried out dynamic force manipulations in silico on a variety of coiled-coil protein fragments from myosin, chemotaxis receptor, vimentin, fibrin, and phenylalanine zippers that vary in size and topology of their α-helical packing. When stretched along the superhelical axis, all superhelices show elastic, plastic, and inelastic elongation regimes, and undergo a dynamic transition from the α-helices to the β-sheets, which marks the onset of plastic deformation. Using Abeyaratne-Knowles formulation of phase transitions, we developed a new theoretical methodology to model mechanical and kinetic properties of protein coiled-coils under mechanical non-equilibrium conditions and to map out their energy landscapes...
October 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Hee Park, Duk-In Jon, Myung Hun Jung, Narei Hong
OBJECTIVE: Emotional intelligence (EI) is regarded an important factor related to psychiatric disorder. Most of previous studies of EI and depression only dealt with EI in present of depressive symptoms. Our study investigated EI both before and after remission of depression and to identify which component of EI is changeable by depression condition. METHODS: EI was evaluated for 23 depression patients and 44 normal control participants. Adult Emotional Quotient Test (AEQT) was used as subjective EI measure and Emotional Literacy Test (ELT) was used as objective EI measure to both groups...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
Gowtham Venkat, Murugesan Krishnan, Suganya Srinivasan, Muthukumar Balasubramanian
INTRODUCTION: Titanium has become the material of choice with greater applications in dental implants. The success of the dental implant does not only depend on the integration of the implant to the bone but also on the function and longevity of the superstructure. The clinical condition that demands long-term interim prosthesis is challenging owing to the decreased bond between the abutment and the veneering material. Hence, various surface treatments are done on the abutments to increase the bond strength...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Elisabeth Maria Haas, Elias Volkmer, Riccardo E Giunta
Background/Aim Preliminary data suggest that an intraarticular autologous fat transplant may be useful in osteoarthritis (OA) of the CMC-1 joint. This prospective, non-randomised pilot study investigates this new method with a view to clinical outcomes compared with intraarticular corticosteroid injection. Patients and Methods 17 women and 7 men with an average age of 63.3 (47-75) years with symptomatic OA were included in the study. In 12 patients, a radiologically guided injection of 1-1.5 ml of adipose tissue was carried out after transumbilical liposuction of 10 ml of abdominal fat...
October 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
Satoshi Fujiwara, Toshiki Takamizawa, Wayne W Barkmeier, Akimasa Tsujimoto, Arisa Imai, Hidehiko Watanabe, Robert L Erickson, Mark A Latta, Toshiyuki Nakatsuka, Masashi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of double-layer application of universal adhesives on the bond quality and compare to other adhesive systems. METHODS: Two universal adhesives used were in this study: Scotchbond Universal (SU), [3M ESPE] and Prime & Bond elect (PE), [Dentsply Caulk]. The conventional single-step self-etch adhesives G-ӕnial Bond (GB), [GC Corporation.] and BeautiBond (BB), [Shofu Inc.], and a two-step self-etch adhesive, Optibond XTR (OX), [Kerr Corporation], were used as comparison adhesives...
October 3, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Nabin Kandel, Tianyu Zheng, Qun Huo, Suren A Tatulian
Amyloid β (Aβ) peptide contributes to Alzheimer's disease by a yet unidentified mechanism. In brain tissue, Aβ occurs in various forms, including an undecapeptide Aβ25-35, which exerts neurotoxic effect through mitochondrial dysfunction and/or Ca(2+)-permeable pore formation in cell membranes. This work was aimed at biophysical characterization of membrane binding and pore formation by Aβ25-35. Interaction of Aβ25-35 with anionic and zwitterionic membranes was analyzed by microelectrophoresis. In pore formation experiments, Aβ25-35 was incubated in aqueous buffer to form oligomers and added to Quin-2-loaded vesicles...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Jianquan Wang, Jiabao Niu, Toshiki Sawada, Ziqiang Shao, Takeshi Serizawa
Usually extracted nanocellulose from natural resources needs modifying before used as effective nanofillers. In the present study, through an enzymatic polymerization of α-D-glucose 1-phosphate from the primer 2-(glucosyloxy)ethyl methacrylate (GEMA), a novel type of two-dimensional methacrylate-containing cellulose nanosheets (CNS) with a thickness of about 6 nm, named as GEMA-CNS, was directly synthesized under a mild condition by a "bottom-up" method. The structure and morphology of GEMA-CNS were characterized by 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectra (MALDI-TOF MS), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
October 17, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Jinhui Pang, Miao Wu, Xin Liu, Bo Wang, Jun Yang, Feng Xu, Mingguo Ma, Xueming Zhang
Water-soluble cellulose acetate (WSCA), one of the most important cellulose derivatives, possesses biocompatibility, biodegradability and broad chemical modifying capacities. In this work, highly polymerized WSCA was firstly synthesized and used as cross-linker to fabricate highly ductile, tough and resilient WSCA/polyacrylamide (PAM) composite hydrogels. The results showed that the WSCA/PAM nanocomposite hydrogels exhibited extraordinary toughness and ductility with a tensile strength of 297 kPa and elongation at break of about 4020%...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Michele Conroy, Jennifer A Soltis, Rick S Wittman, Frances N Smith, Sayandev Chatterjee, Xin Zhang, Eugene S Ilton, Edgar C Buck
Layered (oxy) hydroxide minerals often possess out-of-plane hydrogen atoms that form hydrogen bonding networks which stabilize the layered structure. However, less is known about how the ordering of these bonds affects the structural stability and solubility of these minerals. Here, we report a new strategy that uses the focused electron beam to probe the effect of differences in hydrogen bonding networks on mineral solubility. In this regard, the dissolution behavior of boehmite (γ-AlOOH) and gibbsite (γ-Al(OH)3) were compared and contrasted in real time via liquid cell electron microscopy...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Claire Yu-Mei Huang, Chuansheng Zhang, Tammy Szu-Yu Ho, Juan Oses-Prieto, Alma L Burlingame, Joshua Lalonde, Jeffrey L Noebels, Christophe Leterrier, Matthew N Rasband
Spectrins form a submembranous cytoskeleton proposed to confer strength and flexibility to neurons and to participate in ion channel clustering at axon initial segments (AIS) and nodes of Ranvier. Neuronal spectrin cytoskeletons consist of diverse β subunits and αII spectrin. Although αII spectrin is found in neurons in both axonal and somatodendritic domains, using proteomics, biochemistry, and super-resolution microscopy we show that αII and βIV spectrin interact and form a periodic AIS cytoskeleton...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Ruiqi Wu, Pai-Feng Yang, Li Min Chen
This study aims to understand how functional connectivity (FC) between areas 3b and S2 alters following input-deprivation and the neuronal basis of disrupted FC of resting state fMRI signals. We combined submillimeter fMRI with microelectrode recordings to localize the deafferented digit regions in areas 3b and S2 by mapping tactile stimulus-evoked fMRI activations before and after cervical dorsal column lesion (DCL) in each male monkey. An average afferents disruption of 97% significantly reduced fMRI, LFP and spike responses to stimuli in both areas...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Yuqing Tan, Sam K C Chang
Channel catfish skin is a by-product from catfish fillet production. Collagens were extracted from catfish skins by: (1) acid; (2) homogenization-aided; and (3) pepsin-aided extraction methods. Kinetic analysis of extraction was performed. SDS-PAGE was carried out for all collagens extracted under different conditions. Protein solubility, zeta potential, circular dichroism and gel strength of the collagen extracted by three methods were studied to determine optimal extraction conditions. Protein recovery rate from minced skins extracted with pH 2...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Elaheh Aghapour, Fahimeh Kamali, Ehsan Sinaei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the knee performance and pain in athletes with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) before and after applying Kinesio Tape(®) (KT) on vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) muscle. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen participants (10 females, five males) with unilateral PFPS were examined and compared under taped and untaped conditions. INTERVENTION: VMO of the involved leg was taped from origin to insertion, with 75% of KT's maximal length tension...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
A R Sousa-Santos, T F Amaral
BACKGROUND: Hand grip strength (HGS) is used for the diagnosis of sarcopenia and frailty. Several factors have been shown to influence HGS values during measurement. Therefore, variations in the protocols used to assess HGS, as part of the diagnosis of sarcopenia and frailty, may lead to the identification of different individuals with low HGS, introducing bias. The aim of this systematic review is to gather all the relevant studies that measured HGS to diagnose sarcopenia and frailty and to identify the differences between the protocols used...
October 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
María Pérez-Nicolás, Íñigo Navarro-Blasco, José M Fernández, José Ignacio Alvarez
Mortars with two different binders (Portland cement (PC) and high alumina cement (HAC)) were modified upon the bulk incorporation of nano-structured photocatalytic additives (bare TiO₂, and TiO₂ doped with either iron (Fe-TiO₂) or vanadium (V-TiO₂)). Plastic and hardened state properties of these mortars were assessed in order to study the influence of these nano-additives. Water demand was increased, slightly by bare TiO₂ and Fe-TiO₂, and strongly by V-TiO₂, in agreement with the reduction of the particle size and the tendency to agglomerate...
October 14, 2017: Nanomaterials
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