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Strength conditioning

Li-Yang Wan, Hong-Shui Zhu
PURPOSE: In this experiment, we applied hot alkaline solution (20%NaOH solutions) to treat the surfaces of zirconia ceramics in vitro, then evaluated the changes of bond strength of zirconia ceramics and resin cement. METHODS: Eighteen pieces of zirconia ceramic specimens were made, using the same method of grinding and polishing, and then randomly divided them into 3 groups: group A with hot alkali solution treatment (20%NaOH) (n=6), group B underwent sand blasting with a diameter of 110 ?m alumina particles (n=6), group C was as the control group...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Liwei Qian, Dan Lei, Xiao Duan, Sufeng Zhang, Wenqi Song, Chen Hou, Ruihua Tang
In this study, a biodegradable paper-based composite with good mechanical and antibacterial properties was obtained by first reinforcing the cotton pulp-based paper with carboxylated cellulose nanofiber (CNF) via the Williamson reaction, followed by in situ generating zeolitic imidazolate framework-67 (ZIF-67) nanoparticles on the surface of the resulting cellulosic material. The mechanical properties and antibacterial activities of the resulting composite were investigated. The tensile testing demonstrated that the composites prepared with 2...
July 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Lyvia Fourcade, Johanne Poudrier, Michel Roger
Africa accounts for the majority of global human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections, most of which affect women through heterosexual intercourse. Currently, there is no cure for HIV and the development of vaccines and microbicides remains the best solution to eradicate the pandemic. We and others have identified HIV highly-exposed seronegative (HESN) individuals among African female commercial sex workers (CSWs). Analyses of genital samples from HESNs have demonstrated potent innate and anti-inflammatory conditions, HIV-specific CD4⁺ and CD8⁺ T-cells as well as immunoglobulins (Igs), and increased regulatory cell populations, all of which support a delicate balance between strength and control against HIV intrusion...
April 23, 2018: Viruses
Abdul Rahim Ferhan, Joshua A Jackman, Tun Naw Sut, Nam-Joon Cho
Nanoplasmonic sensors are a popular, surface-sensitive measurement tool to investigate biomacromolecular interactions at solid-liquid interfaces, opening the door to a wide range of applications. In addition to high surface sensitivity, nanoplasmonic sensors have versatile surface chemistry options as plasmonic metal nanoparticles can be coated with thin dielectric layers. Within this scope, nanoplasmonic sensors have demonstrated promise for tracking protein adsorption and substrate-induced conformational changes on oxide film-coated arrays, although existing studies have been limited to single substrates...
April 22, 2018: Sensors
E O Oviedo-Rondón, P L Mente, C Arellano, B D X Lascelles, A Mitchell
Leg problems have become more frequent in fast-growing turkeys. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of common leg defects on kinetic parameters of gait and biomechanical properties of bone. Nine hundred, day-old, male, Large White turkeys were raised in 48 floor pens. At 42 d of age, turkeys were divided into four categories of leg condition as determined by visual evaluation: Normal, Crooked toes, Shaky legs, and Valgus. Fifteen toms were selected from each group and trained to walk on a pressure sensitive walkway...
April 23, 2018: Poultry Science
Yun-Tzai Cloud Lee, Shang-Te Danny Hsu
Oligomerization of misfolded protein species is implicated in many human disorders. Here we showed by size-exclusion chromatography-coupled multi-angle light scattering (SEC-MALS) and small angle X-ray scattering (SEC-SAXS) that urea-induced folding intermediate of human ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase, UCH-L1, can form well-defined dimer and tetramer under denaturing conditions despite being highly disordered. Introduction of a Parkinson disease-associated mutation, I93M, resulted in increased aggregation propensity and formation of irreversible precipitants in the presence of moderate amount of urea...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Amelia K Boehme, Jorge Luna, Erin R Kulick, Hooman Kamel, Mitchell S V Elkind
Objective: We hypothesized that ILI is associated with risk of incident stroke, and that the risk would be highest closest in time to the event. Methods: This case-crossover analysis utilized data obtained from the California State Inpatient Database of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). The outcome of interest was ischemic stroke. Exposure was defined as a visit to the emergency department or hospitalization for influenza-like illness (ILI) 365, 180, 90, 30, or 15 days before stroke (risk period) or similar time intervals exactly 1 or 2 years before stroke (control period)...
April 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Michael S Rathleff, Camilla R Rathleff, Sinead Holden, Kristian Thorborg, Jens L Olesen
Background: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is the most common knee condition among adolescents, with a prevalence of 6-7% resulting in reduced function and quality of life. Exercise therapy is recommended for treating PFP, but has only been tested in older adolescents (15-19 years). This pilot study aimed to investigate the adherence to, and clinical effects of, exercise and patient education in young adolescents (12-16 years), with PFP. Methods: Twenty adolescents (16 females) with PFP were recruited from a population-based cohort to undergo a 3-month multimodal intervention...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
J J Braun, C Debry, A Imperiale, S Riehm
In this review we provide comprehensive analysis of the imaging features of diseases affecting the sphenoid sinus, including a large and heterogeneous spectrum of pathologies such as sinusitis, pseudotumours, bony pathologies, and tumours. Clinical symptomatology related to sphenoid pathologies is often non-specific and patient clinical examination and endoscopic investigations are not definitive; thus, radiological imaging is mandatory for diagnosis. Strengths and limitations of both morphological and functional imaging methods such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and combined positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) have been considered and integrated into a well-defined clinical context in order to recognise specific imaging features and to underline their clinical relevance for an early and accurate diagnosis...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Radiology
Folmer Fredslund, Martin S Borchert, Jens-Christian N Poulsen, Steen Bennike Mortensen, Mirjam Perner, Wolfgang R Streit, Leila Lo Leggio
Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are extremely fast enzymes, which have attracted much interest in the past due to their medical relevance and their biotechnological potential. An α-type CA gene was isolated from DNA derived from an active hydrothermal vent chimney, in an effort to identify novel CAs with suitable properties for CO2 capture. The gene product was recombinantly produced and characterized, revealing remarkable thermostability, also in the presence of high ionic strength alkaline conditions, which are used in some CO2 capture applications...
July 2018: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Tetsuya Akaishi, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Ichiro Nakashima
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease which characteristically shows repeated relapses and remissions irregularly in the central nervous system. At present, the pathological mechanism of MS is unknown and we do not have any theories or mathematical models to explain its disseminated patterns in time and space. In this paper, we present a new theoretical model from a viewpoint of complex system with chaos model to reproduce and explain the non-linear clinical and pathological manifestations in MS...
June 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Shannon Ang
RATIONALE: Studies have consistently found positive associations between social participation and health, but it is unclear if they vary across the life course. Younger individuals are likely to initiate and benefit from social participation in different ways from older individuals, which may in turn alter its overall influence on health outcomes. Age-varying associations, if present, may then attenuate or amplify the health consequences stemming from changes in social participation over the adult life course...
April 14, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Zhihui Tian, Xiaolin Lv, Min Zhang, Xueer Wang, Yinghua Chen, Pei Tang, Pengcheng Xu, Lu Zhang, Buling Wu, Lin Zhang
Recent evidence suggests that GTPases Rho family plays an important role in tooth development; however, the role of Cdc42 in tooth development remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the function of Cdc42 in tooth development and amelogenesis. We generated an epithelial cell-specific K5-Cdc42 knockout (KO) mouse to evaluate post-eruption dental phenotypes using a K5-Cre driver line. This model overcomes the previously reported perinatal lethality. Tooth phenotypes were analyzed by micro X-ray, micro-computed tomography (CT), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), wear rate, shear strength, and a microhardness test...
April 20, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Ajax Yang, Jonas Sokolof, Amitabh Gulati
Prehabilitation benefits among patients undergoing various oncological surgeries have been demonstrated. However, the effects of presurgical exercise and fitness on postoperative ipsilateral upper extremity recovery outcomes in patients with breast cancer surgery are less evident. A systematic review was performed to assess the effects of preoperative exercise and fitness on postmastectomy recovery. Systematic literature search was performed in 12 electronic databases. Study eligibility was accessed using the PICOS (Participants, Interventions, Comparison, Outcome and Study Design) criteria...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
V Annabelle Lee Cheong Lem, Caroline Moul, Justin A Harris, Evan J Livesey
The Perruchet effect refers to a dissociation between the conscious expectancy of an outcome and the strength or speed of responding in anticipation of that outcome. This dissociation is considered by some to be the best evidence for multiple learning processes with expectancy governed by participants' explicit beliefs and responding driven by the associative history of the cues that partially predict the outcome. However, an alternative nonassociative explanation is that the trends in responding are the result of recent experience with the same outcome (i...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Mei-E Yue, Qiaoyan Lin, Jie Xu, Ting-Fu Jiang
An ionic liquid-based headspace in-tube liquid-phase microextraction (IL-HS-ITLPME) in-line coupled with capillary electrophoresis (CE) is proposed. The method is capable of quantifying trace amounts of phenols in environmental water samples. In the newly developed method, simply by placing a capillary injected with IL in the HS above the aqueous sample, volatile phenols were extracted into the IL acceptor phase in the capillary. After extraction, electrophoresis of the phenols in the capillary was carried out...
April 23, 2018: Electrophoresis
Peter Shepherdson, Klaus Oberauer
Substantial behavioral evidence suggests that attention plays an important role in working memory. Frequently, attention is characterized as enhancing representations by increasing their strength or activation level. Despite the intuitive appeal of this idea, using attention to strengthen representations in computational models can lead to unexpected outcomes. Representational strengthening frequently leads to worse, rather than better, performance, contradicting behavioral results. Here, we propose an alternative to a pure strengthening account, in which attention is used to selectively strengthen useful and weaken less useful components of distributed memory representations, thereby pruning the representations...
April 23, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Petrina Gerogianni, Wen Lien, Despoina Bompolaki, Ronald Verrett, Stephan Haney, Patrick Mattie, Russell Johnson
PURPOSE: This in vitro study evaluated the fracture resistance and clinical prognosis of anterior lithium disilicate crowns (e.max Press and e.max CAD), following endodontic access and repair. The research design simulates intraoral loading conditions to produce clinically applicable results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monolithic anterior crowns, based on #8 anatomy, were fabricated from e.max Press ingots and e.max CAD blocks and adhesively bonded on identical dies milled out of a dentin analog material (NEMA G10)...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
I Tlak Gajger, J Ribarić, M Smodiš Škerl, J Vlainić, P Sikirić
Nosema ceranae can cause major problems, such as immune suppression, gut epithelial cell degeneration, reduced honeybee lifespan, or suddenly colony collapse. As a novel approach in therapy, we hypothesize the stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 in honeybee therapy, to control N. ceranae invasions in apiary conditions: BPC 157 treated sugar syrup (0.25 L sugar syrup supplemented with 0.1 μg/ml BPC 157), as well as the pure sugar syrup (0.25 L sugar syrup; control), was administered to honeybee colonies in feeders situated under the roof of the hives, during 21 consecutive days, at the end of beekeeping season...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Gabriele Cervino, Umberto Romeo, Floriana Lauritano, Ennio Bramanti, Luca Fiorillo, Cesare D'Amico, Dario Milone, Luigi Laino, Francesco Campolongo, Silvia Rapisarda, Marco Cicciù
Purpose: The objective of this investigation is to study prosthodontics and internal components resistance to the masticatory stress and considering different force directions by using Finite Element Method analysis (FEM). The structural materials of the components are usually Titanium alloy grade 4 or 5 and thus, guarantee the integration of the fixture in the bone due to the osteointegration phenomena. Even if the long-term dental implant survival rate is easy to be obtained and confirmed by numerous researches, the related clinical success, due to the alteration of the mechanical and prosthodontics components is still controversial...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
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