keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity paradox

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506965/explaining-the-obesity-paradox-the-association-between-body-composition-and-colorectal-cancer-survival-c-scans-study
#1
Bette J Caan, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Candyce H Kroenke, Stacey Alexeeff, Jingjie Xiao, Erin Weltzien, Elizabeth Cespedes Feliciano, Adrienne L Castillo, Charles P Quesenberry, Marilyn L Kwan, Carla M Prado
Background: Body composition may partially explain the U-shaped association between body mass index (BMI) and colorectal cancer survival.Methods: Muscle and adiposity at colorectal cancer diagnosis and survival were examined in a retrospective cohort using Kaplan-Meier curves, multivariable Cox regression, and restricted cubic splines in 3,262 early-stage (I-III) male (50%) and female (50%) patients. Sarcopenia was defined using optimal stratification and sex- and BMI-specific cut points. High adiposity was defined as the highest tertile of sex-specific total adipose tissue (TAT)...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503507/nutritional-status-of-korean-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#2
Bo Young Jang, So Young Bu
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with an elevated risk for obesity but this seems to be paradoxical to the fact that many youths with ADHD have symptoms of hyperactivity. People diagnosed with ADHD tend to have a high risk of developing undesirable diet habits and consequently have health related problems. However, less attention has been paid to obesity in ADHD while many efforts have been devoted to the prevention of childhood obesity in mentally normal people. Hence the purpose of this study was to explore the nutritional status and life habits of children and adolescents with ADHD (n = 76) based on degree of obesity by utilizing the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data from 2005-2013...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502849/the-interaction-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-with-obesity-and-the-obesity-paradox-in-cardiovascular-disease
#3
REVIEW
Ahmet Afşin Oktay, Carl J Lavie, Peter F Kokkinos, Parham Parto, Ambarish Pandey, Hector O Ventura
Overweight and obesity are well-established risk factors for most cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including coronary heart disease (CHD), heart failure (HF), and atrial fibrillation. Despite the strong link between excess adiposity and risk of CVD, growing evidence has demonstrated an obesity paradox in patients with CVD. This phenomenon is characterized by a better prognosis in overweight and mildly obese CVD patients than their leaner counterparts. Moreover, the worst outcomes are often incurred by underweight CVD patients, followed by those of normal weight or severely obese...
May 12, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492704/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-intervention-to-reduce-the-prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-7-11-years-from-pozna%C3%A5-poland
#4
Inez Bilińska, Łukasz Kryst
The epidemic of obesity, which is one of the most important public health problems, appeared paradoxically as a result of improving living conditions. The aim of this study was to determine the effects on overweight/obesity prevalence of the primary-school-based intervention program. The group of 5,293 children (7-11 year-olds) from Poznań (Poland) was divided into two subgroups: experimental and control one. The research group was participating in extra physical activities. Measurements (height and weight) were taken twice: at baseline and after 1-year follow-up...
May 11, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469684/obesity-heart-failure-and-obesity-paradox
#5
REVIEW
Nikoo Hamzeh, Fatemeh Ghadimi, Rojin Farzaneh, Seyed Kianoosh Hosseini
The incidence and prevalence of obesity are fast increasing worldwide. Various indices have been used to measure and assess obesity. The body mass index (BMI) is the most common and practical of these indices. Overweight and obesity exert considerable adverse effects on the cardiovascular system. These effects are mediated through various neurohormonal and cytokine pathways, most of which are inflammatory mediators. Systolic and / or diastolic heart failure is more prevalent among obese and overweight individuals than among normal weight people...
January 2017: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467641/association-of-body-mass-index-with-mortality-in-chinese-patients-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-large-single-center-data
#6
Huanhuan Wang, Zhan Gao, Xueyan Zhao, Shubin Qiao, Yuejin Yang, Runlin Gao, Bo Xu, Jinqing Yuan
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies to date have demonstrated a specific phenomenon called the "obesity paradox" in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), studies performed in China thus far have consistently shown an absence of this phenomenon. HYPOTHESIS: "Obesity paradox" does exist in Chinese PCI patients. METHODS: 10,724 consecutive Chinese patients who had undergone PCI treatment at a single center from January 2013 to December 2013 were prospectively recruited...
May 3, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455139/evaluation-of-adenovirus-36-ad-36-antibody-seropositivity-and-adipokine-levels-in-obese-children
#7
Bekir Kocazeybek, Harika Oyku Dinc, Sevgi Ergin, Suat Saribas, Bahar Taskın Ozcabi, Utku Cizmecigil, Eda Altan, Kevser Atalik, Pelin Yüksel, Zeynep Taner, Asiye Karakullukcu, Serhat Sirekbasan, Nuri Turan, Penbe Cagatay, Nergiz Imamova, Olcay Evliyaoglu, Huseyin Yilmaz
Adenovirus 36 (Ad-36) has recently been suggested as a possible contributor to the current obesity epidemic. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Ad-36 antibodies in obese children, as well as investigate the role of serum leptin and lipid levels in Ad-36-obesity. Seventy-one obese children and 62 non-obese children were included as the patient group (PG), including the healthy control group (HCG), respectively. Simultaneously, Ad-36 antibodies and adipokine levels were assessed with serum neutralization assays (SNA) and ELISA...
April 25, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446644/body-mass-index-and-outcome-after-revascularization-for-symptomatic-carotid-artery-stenosis
#8
Eline J Volkers, Jacoba P Greving, Jeroen Hendrikse, Ale Algra, L Jaap Kappelle, Jean-Pierre Becquemin, Leo H Bonati, Thomas G Brott, Richard Bulbulia, David Calvet, Hans-Henning Eckstein, Gustav Fraedrich, John Gregson, Alison Halliday, George Howard, Olav Jansen, Gary S Roubin, Martin M Brown, Jean-Louis Mas, Peter A Ringleb
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the obesity paradox exists in patients who undergo carotid artery stenting (CAS) or carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for symptomatic carotid artery stenosis. METHODS: We combined individual patient data from 2 randomized trials (Endarterectomy vs Angioplasty in Patients with Symptomatic Severe Carotid Stenosis and Stent-Protected Angioplasty vs Carotid Endarterectomy) and 3 centers in a third trial (International Carotid Stenting Study)...
April 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440735/nuclear-factor-e2-related-factor-2-knockdown-enhances-glucose-uptake-and-alters-glucose-metabolism-in-aml12-hepatocytes
#9
Xiaoyang Yuan, Huijing Huang, Yi Huang, Jinli Wang, Jinhua Yan, Ling Ding, Cuntai Zhang, Le Zhang
Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor known to induce the expression of a variety of antioxidant and detoxification genes. Recently, increasing evidence has revealed roles for Nrf2 in glucose, lipid, and energy metabolism; however, the exact functions of Nrf2 in hepatocyte biology are largely unclear. In the current study, the transient knockdown of Nrf2 via siRNA transfection enhanced the glucose uptake of fasting AML12 hepatocytes to 325.3 ± 11.1% ( P < 0.05) of that of untransfected control cells...
May 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439569/the-obesity-paradox-in-kidney-disease-how-to-reconcile-it-with-obesity-management
#10
Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Connie M Rhee, Jason Chou, S Foad Ahmadi, Jongha Park, Joline Lt Chen, Alpesh N Amin
Obesity, a risk factor for de novo chronic kidney disease (CKD), confers survival advantages in advanced CKD. This so-called obesity paradox is the archetype of the reverse epidemiology of cardiovascular risks, in addition to the lipid, blood pressure, adiponectin, homocysteine, and uric acid paradoxes. These paradoxical phenomena are in sharp contradistinction to the known epidemiology of cardiovascular risks in the general population. In addition to advanced CKD, the obesity paradox has also been observed in heart failure, chronic obstructive lung disease, liver cirrhosis, and metastatic cancer, as well as in the elderly...
March 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438306/relation-of-quantity-of-subepicardial-adipose-tissue-to-infarct-size-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#11
Loïc Bière, Vianney Behaghel, Victor Mateus, Antonildes Assunção, Christoph Gräni, Kais Ouerghi, Sylvain Grall, Serge Willoteaux, Fabrice Prunier, Raymond Kwong, Alain Furber
According to the so-called obesity paradox, obesity might present a protective role in patients with myocardial infarction. We aimed to assess the influence of the epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume on cardiac healing and remodeling in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. We prospectively included 193 consecutive patients presenting a first STEMI without known coronary artery disease. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed at baseline and after a 3-month follow-up. EAT volume was computed, and the population was divided into quartiles: the highest quartile of EAT defining the high EAT group (h-EAT)...
March 29, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430878/cosmetic-liposuction-preoperative-risk-factors-major-complication-rates-and-safety-of-combined-procedures
#12
Christodoulos Kaoutzanis, Varun Gupta, Julian Winocour, John Layliev, Roberto Ramirez, James C Grotting, Kent Higdon
Background: Liposuction is among the most commonly performed aesthetic procedures, and is being performed increasingly as an adjunct to other procedures. Objectives: To report the incidence and risk factors of significant complications after liposuction, and to determine whether adding liposuction to other cosmetic surgical procedures impacts the complication risk. Methods: A prospective cohort of patients who underwent liposuction between 2008 and 2013 was identified from the CosmetAssure database...
June 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428930/kidney-disease-and-obesity-paradox
#13
EDITORIAL
Jongha Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425740/-healthier-than-thou-practicing-what-you-preach-backfires-by-increasing-anticipated-devaluation-correction-to-howe-and-monin-2017
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Healthier Than Thou? "Practicing What You Preach" Backfires by Increasing Anticipated Devaluation" by Lauren C. Howe and Benoît Monin (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Feb 27, 2017, np). In the article, the beginning phrase of the second paragraph of the Internal Meta-Analysis of Studies 3 Through 5 section is incorrect. It should instead begin as follows: Across the three studies. The Monin et al. (2014) reference in both the References list and in text is included in error...
May 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423379/excessive-weight-favours-skin-physiology-up-to-a-point-another-expression-of-the-obesity-paradox
#15
Luís Monteiro Monteiro Rodrigues, Lídia Palma, Osvaldo Santos, Maria Angélica Almeida, Julia Bujan, Liliana Tavares
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently classified as an epidemic by the WHO, obesity (as well as the state of being overweight) clearly affects significant populations across all ages. The relationship between obesity and some diseases (e.g. cardiovascular ones) is known, although many paradoxes remain to be explained. Very little information is available, however, regarding its impact on skin physiology and skin disease. This study aims to examine the influence of excessive weight on epidermal hydration and transepidermal water loss, key variables of skin water balance and skin biomechanics...
2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420923/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-early-outcomes-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#16
Ghulam Hussain, Mirza Ahmad Raza Baig, Abdul Ghaffar, Sara Zaheer, Hafiz Muhammad Azam Raheel, Sehrish Khalid
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of body mass index on early outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting in terms of morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This retrospective comparative study was conducted at Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology, Multan, Pakistan, and comprised data of patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting from December 2007 to December 2015. Analysis of variance and chi-square test were used for analysis of groups formed on the basis of body mass index...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410325/is-the-obesity-paradox-valid-in-pediatric-intensive-care
#17
Patrícia Zamberlan, Artur Figueiredo Delgado, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410312/the-obesity-paradox-and-effects-of-early-nutrition-is-there-a-paradox-or-is-there-not
#18
Mark L Shapiro, Jordan Komisarow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394304/the-diet-and-haemodialysis-dyad-three-eras-four-open-questions-and-four-paradoxes-a-narrative-review-towards-a-personalized-patient-centered-approach
#19
REVIEW
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Maria Rita Moio, Antioco Fois, Andreea Sofronie, Lurlinys Gendrot, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Claudia D'Alessandro, Adamasco Cupisti
The history of dialysis and diet can be viewed as a series of battles waged against potential threats to patients' lives. In the early years of dialysis, potassium was identified as "the killer", and the lists patients were given of forbidden foods included most plant-derived nourishment. As soon as dialysis became more efficient and survival increased, hyperphosphatemia, was identified as the enemy, generating an even longer list of banned aliments. Conversely, the "third era" finds us combating protein-energy wasting...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392996/body-mass-index-is-inversely-associated-with-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-undergoing-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#20
Hyoungnae Kim, Joohwan Kim, Changhwan Seo, Misol Lee, Min-Uk Cha, Su-Young Jung, Jong Hyun Jhee, Seohyun Park, Hae-Ryong Yun, Youn Kyung Kee, Chang-Yun Yoon, Hyung Jung Oh, Jung Tak Park, Tae Ik Chang, Tae-Hyun Yoo, Shin-Wook Kang, Seung Hyeok Han
BACKGROUND: Many epidemiologic studies have reported on the controversial concept of the obesity paradox. The presence of acute kidney injury (AKI) can accelerate energy-consuming processes, particularly in patients requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Thus, we aimed to investigate whether obesity can provide a survival benefit in this highly catabolic condition. METHODS: We conducted an observational study in 212 patients who had undergone CRRT owing to various causes of AKI between 2010 and 2014...
March 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
31557
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"