keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity paradox

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430878/cosmetic-liposuction-preoperative-risk-factors-major-complication-rates-and-safety-of-combined-procedures
#1
Christodoulos Kaoutzanis, Varun Gupta, Julian Winocour, John Layliev, Roberto Ramirez, James C Grotting, Kent Higdon
Background: Liposuction is among the most commonly performed aesthetic procedures, and is being performed increasingly as an adjunct to other procedures. Objectives: To report the incidence and risk factors of significant complications after liposuction, and to determine whether adding liposuction to other cosmetic surgical procedures impacts the complication risk. Methods: A prospective cohort of patients who underwent liposuction between 2008 and 2013 was identified from the CosmetAssure database...
April 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428930/kidney-disease-and-obesity-paradox
#2
EDITORIAL
Jongha Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425740/-healthier-than-thou-practicing-what-you-preach-backfires-by-increasing-anticipated-devaluation-correction-to-howe-and-monin-2017
#3
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Healthier Than Thou? "Practicing What You Preach" Backfires by Increasing Anticipated Devaluation" by Lauren C. Howe and Benoît Monin (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Feb 27, 2017, np). In the article, the beginning phrase of the second paragraph of the Internal Meta-Analysis of Studies 3 Through 5 section is incorrect. It should instead begin as follows: Across the three studies. The Monin et al. (2014) reference in both the References list and in text is included in error...
May 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423379/excessive-weight-favours-skin-physiology-up-to-a-point-another-expression-of-the-obesity-paradox
#4
Luís Monteiro Monteiro Rodrigues, Lídia Palma, Osvaldo Santos, Maria Angélica Almeida, Julia Bujan, Liliana Tavares
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently classified as an epidemic by the WHO, obesity (as well as the state of being overweight) clearly affects significant populations across all ages. The relationship between obesity and some diseases (e.g. cardiovascular ones) is known, although many paradoxes remain to be explained. Very little information is available, however, regarding its impact on skin physiology and skin disease. This study aims to examine the influence of excessive weight on epidermal hydration and transepidermal water loss, key variables of skin water balance and skin biomechanics...
April 20, 2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420923/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-early-outcomes-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#5
Ghulam Hussain, Mirza Ahmad Raza Baig, Abdul Ghaffar, Sara Zaheer, Hafiz Muhammad Azam Raheel, Sehrish Khalid
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of body mass index on early outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting in terms of morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This retrospective comparative study was conducted at Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology, Multan, Pakistan, and comprised data of patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting from December 2007 to December 2015. Analysis of variance and chi-square test were used for analysis of groups formed on the basis of body mass index...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410325/is-the-obesity-paradox-valid-in-pediatric-intensive-care
#6
Patrícia Zamberlan, Artur Figueiredo Delgado, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410312/the-obesity-paradox-and-effects-of-early-nutrition-is-there-a-paradox-or-is-there-not
#7
Mark L Shapiro, Jordan Komisarow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394304/the-diet-and-haemodialysis-dyad-three-eras-four-open-questions-and-four-paradoxes-a-narrative-review-towards-a-personalized-patient-centered-approach
#8
REVIEW
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Maria Rita Moio, Antioco Fois, Andreea Sofronie, Lurlinys Gendrot, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Claudia D'Alessandro, Adamasco Cupisti
The history of dialysis and diet can be viewed as a series of battles waged against potential threats to patients' lives. In the early years of dialysis, potassium was identified as "the killer", and the lists patients were given of forbidden foods included most plant-derived nourishment. As soon as dialysis became more efficient and survival increased, hyperphosphatemia, was identified as the enemy, generating an even longer list of banned aliments. Conversely, the "third era" finds us combating protein-energy wasting...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392996/body-mass-index-is-inversely-associated-with-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-undergoing-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#9
Hyoungnae Kim, Joohwan Kim, Changhwan Seo, Misol Lee, Min-Uk Cha, Su-Young Jung, Jong Hyun Jhee, Seohyun Park, Hae-Ryong Yun, Youn Kyung Kee, Chang-Yun Yoon, Hyung Jung Oh, Jung Tak Park, Tae Ik Chang, Tae-Hyun Yoo, Shin-Wook Kang, Seung Hyeok Han
BACKGROUND: Many epidemiologic studies have reported on the controversial concept of the obesity paradox. The presence of acute kidney injury (AKI) can accelerate energy-consuming processes, particularly in patients requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Thus, we aimed to investigate whether obesity can provide a survival benefit in this highly catabolic condition. METHODS: We conducted an observational study in 212 patients who had undergone CRRT owing to various causes of AKI between 2010 and 2014...
March 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384755/weight-history-and-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-three-prospective-cohort-studies
#10
Edward Yu, Sylvia H Ley, JoAnn E Manson, Walter Willett, Ambika Satija, Frank B Hu, Andrew Stokes
Background: The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and mortality is controversial. Objective: To investigate the relationship between maximum BMI over 16 years and subsequent mortality. Design: 3 prospective cohort studies. Setting: Nurses' Health Study I and II and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. Participants: 225 072 men and women with 32 571 deaths observed over a mean of 12...
April 4, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376407/baseline-predictors-of-aortic-stiffness-progression-among-multi-ethnic-asians-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Mei Chung Moh, Chee Fang Sum, Subramaniam Tavintharan, Keven Ang, Simon Biing Ming Lee, Wern Ee Tang, Su Chi Lim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This 3-year prospective study aimed to identify baseline parameters that predicted the progression of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), which was used to evaluate aortic stiffness, among Singapore's multi-ethnic Asians with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: The cf-PWV was measured by the gold-standard tonometry method in 994 T2DM subjects at baseline and follow-up. The annual rate of cf-PWV change was calculated, and individuals above the 90(th) percentile with rate≥1...
January 27, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367843/effect-of-obesity-on-the-prognostic-impact-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#12
Mayuko Yagawa, Yuji Nagatomo, Yuki Izumi, Keitaro Mahara, Hitonobu Tomoike, Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Takashi Kohno, Atsushi Mizuno, Ayumi Goda, Shun Kohsaka, Tsutomu Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Although obesity is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction, and occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF), obese heart failure (HF) patients have a more favorable clinical outcome (obesity paradox). The clinical impact of AF on obese or lean HF patients has not been fully elucidated.Methods and Results:We analyzed 1,681 patients who were enrolled in the West Tokyo Heart Failure Registry (WET-HF Registry), a multicenter, prospective cohort registry from 2005 through 2014...
March 28, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361568/heterogeneous-impact-of-body-mass-index-on-in-hospital-mortality-in-acute-heart-failure-syndromes-an-analysis-from-the-attend-registry
#13
Akiomi Yoshihisa, Takamasa Sato, Katsuya Kajimoto, Naoki Sato, Yasuchika Takeishi
BACKGROUND: Although the obesity paradox may vary depending upon clinical background factors such as age, gender, aetiology of heart failure and comorbidities, the reasons underlying the heterogeneous impact of body mass index (BMI) on in-hospital cardiac mortality under various conditions in patients with acute heart failure syndromes (AHFSs) remain unclear. METHODS: Among 4617 hospitalised patients with AHFSs enrolled in the Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Syndromes (ATTEND) registry, the patient characteristics and in-hospital cardiac mortality rates in those with low BMI (BMI <25 kg/m(2), n = 3263) were compared to those with high BMI (BMI ⩾25 kg/m(2), n = 1354)...
March 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360081/resolution-of-glucose-intolerance-in-long-term-high-fat-high-sucrose-fed-mice
#14
Greg Kowalski, Michael Kraakman, Shaun Mason, Andrew Murphy, Clinton R Bruce
The high-fat, high-sucrose diet (HFSD) fed C57Bl/6 mouse is a widely used model of prediabetes. However, studies typically implement a relatively short dietary intervention lasting between 4-16 weeks, as a result little is known about how a long-term HFSD impacts the metabolic profile of these mice. Therefore, the aim of this investigation was to examine the effects of consuming a HFSD for 42 weeks on the development of hyperinsulinemia and glucose intolerance in male C57Bl/6 mice. Two cohorts of HFSD mice were studied at independent institutes and underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with measures of plasma insulin and free fatty acids (FFA)...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355639/occupational-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-and-non-communicable-diseases-in-different-regions-of-europe-findings-from-the-european-social-survey-2014-special-module-on-the-social-determinants-of-health
#15
Courtney L McNamara, Marlen Toch-Marquardt, Mirza Balaj, Nadine Reibling, Terje A Eikemo, Clare Bambra
Socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are evident across European populations. Several previous studies have addressed the question of whether occupational inequalities in health differ across European regions. It is uncertain however, the degree to which occupational inequalities in NCDs are similar or dissimilar across different European regions. Using 2014 European Social Survey data from 20 countries, this article examines occupational inequalities in poor self-rated health (SRH) and 14 self-reported NCDs separately for women and men, by European region: heart/circulatory problems, high blood pressure, back pain, arm/hand pain, foot/leg pain, allergies, breathing problems, stomach/digestion problems, skin conditions, diabetes, severe headaches, cancer, obesity and depression...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346848/cardiovascular-protective-effects-and-clinical-applications-of-resveratrol
#16
Sanghyun Cho, Kyung Namkoong, Minji Shin, Jueun Park, Eunyeong Yang, Jinsoo Ihm, Vu Thi Thu, Hyoung Kyu Kim, Jin Han
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring phenol that is generated by plant species following injury or attack by bacterial and fungal pathogens. This compound was first described as the French Paradox in 1992. Later in 2003, resveratrol was reported to activate sirtuins in yeast cells. Recent experimental studies have found that resveratrol offers a variety of benefits that include both anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory effects in addition to the ability to reverse obesity, attenuate hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, protect heart and endothelial function, and increase the life span...
April 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337846/obesity-in-heart-failure-is-it-time-to-rethink-the-paradox
#17
Massimo F Piepoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335560/serum-amyloid-a-production-is-triggered-by-sleep-deprivation-in-mice-and-humans-is-that-the-link-between-sleep-loss-and-associated-comorbidities
#18
Edson M de Oliveira, Bruna Visniauskas, Sergio Tufik, Monica L Andersen, Jair R Chagas, Ana Campa
Serum amyloid A (SAA) was recently associated with metabolic endotoxemia, obesity and insulin resistance. Concurrently, insufficient sleep adversely affects metabolic health and is an independent predisposing factor for obesity and insulin resistance. In this study we investigated whether sleep loss modulates SAA production. The serum SAA concentration increased in C57BL/6 mice subjected to sleep restriction (SR) for 15 days or to paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD) for 72 h. Sleep restriction also induced the upregulation of Saa1...
March 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334657/investigating-the-poverty-obesity-paradox-in-europe
#19
Luca Salmasi, Martina Celidoni
This paper investigates the effect of income- and wealth-based poverty on the probability of being obese for the elderly in Europe by analysing data drawn from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). We use early-life economic conditions and regional circumstances as instruments for poverty later in life to account for endogeneity issues. After controlling for a large set of covariates at the individual, household, regional and country level, the results show that poverty significantly increases the probability of being obese and the Body Mass Index (BMI), for men and women...
March 9, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334603/the-cb1-receptor-as-the-cornerstone-of-exostasis
#20
REVIEW
Pier Vincenzo Piazza, Daniela Cota, Giovanni Marsicano
The type-1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1) is the main effector of the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is involved in most brain and body functions. In this Perspective, we provide evidence indicating that CB1 receptor functions are key determinants of bodily coordinated exostatic processes. First, we will introduce the concepts of endostasis and exostasis as compensation or accumulation for immediate or future energy needs and discuss how exostasis has been necessary for the survival of species during evolution...
March 22, 2017: Neuron
keyword
keyword
31557
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"