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Vitamin deficiency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926557/long-term-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-permanent-end-ileostomy-results-of-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Tobias S Schiergens, Verena Hoffmann, Tamara N Schobel, Gerhard H Englert, Martin E Kreis, Wolfgang E Thasler, Jens Werner, Michael S Kasparek
BACKGROUND: Patients with permanent end ileostomy are at high risk for detrimental stomal effects on their quality of life. However, little is known about the long-term quality of life of these patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess long-term quality of life in patients with permanent end ileostomy. DATA SOURCES: Registration at the German self-help organization ILCO was used for this study. STUDY SELECTION: Selection included a cross-sectional survey of 1434 patients with permanent end ileostomy...
January 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925712/quantitative-assessment-of-nutrition-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#2
Małgorzata Szczuko, Magdalena Skowronek, Marta Zapałowska-Chwyć, Andrzej Starczewski
Background: PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is called a pathology of the XX century and affects at least 10-15% women of childbearing age. The therapy involves pharmacotherapy of hormonal imbalance, as well as the change of lifestyle, including the diet. Objective: Performing the quantitative assessment of components of diets of women with PCOS, comparing the results with current dietary standards for Polish people and defining dietary requirements for the patients...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925426/the-impact-of-home-fortification-with-multiple-micronutrient-powder-on-vitamin-a-status-in-young-children-a-multicenter-pragmatic-controlled-trial-in-brazil
#3
Lara Livia Santos Silva, Rosângela Aparecida Augusto, Daniela Cardoso Tietzmann, Leopoldina Augusta Souza Sequeira, Maria Claret Costa Monteiro Hadler, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Marly Augusto Cardoso
Home fortification with multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) is effective in the prevention of anemia in young children. However, the impact on their vitamin A status remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of MNP on vitamin A status in young Brazilian children. A multicenter pragmatic, controlled trial was carried out in primary health centers in four Brazilian cities. In the beginning of the study, the control group (CG) consisted of children 11-14 months old (n = 395) attending in routine pediatric health care...
December 7, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925404/vitamin-d-deficiency-what-does-it-mean-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-a-concise-review-for-pulmonologists
#4
REVIEW
Kokturk Nurdan, Baha Ayse, Oh Yeon-Mok, Jung Young Ju, Jones W Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923276/association-between-maternal-circulating-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentration-and-placental-volume-in-the-first-trimester
#5
Çiğdem Yayla Abide, Meryem Kurek Eken, Işıl Turan, Enis Özkaya, Oya Pekin, Ateş Karateke
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess placental volume and placental mean gray value in vitamin D deficiency and healthy placentas in the first trimester of pregnancy using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography and Virtual Organ Computer-aided Analysis (VOCAL). METHODS: This prospective cross sectional study comprised 274 patients, divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of vitamin D deficiency (<20ng/ml deficient, n = 153,>20 ng/ml not deficient, n= 121) in the first trimester of pregnancy...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922957/ossifying-fibroma-involving-three-quadrants-of-the-jaws-in-a-patient-with-vitamin-d-deficiency
#6
Adnan Kilinç, Tahsin Tepecik, Ertunç Dayi, Betül Gündoğdu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922335/nutritional-rickets-around-the-world-an-update
#7
Ana L Creo, Tom D Thacher, John M Pettifor, Mark A Strand, Philip R Fischer
Worldwide, nutritional rickets continues to be an evolving problem with several causes. This paper provides an updated literature review characterising the prevalence, aetiology, pathophysiology and treatment of nutritional rickets worldwide. A systematic review of articles on nutritional rickets from various geographical regions was undertaken. For each region, key information was extracted, including prevalence, cause of rickets specific to the region, methods of confirming the diagnosis and current treatment and preventive measures...
December 6, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922071/a-carotenogenic-mini-pathway-introduced-into-white-corn-does-not-affect-development-or-agronomic-performance
#8
Daniela Zanga, Teresa Capell, Gustavo A Slafer, Paul Christou, Roxana Savin
High-carotenoid corn (Carolight®) has been developed as a vehicle to deliver pro-vitamin A in the diet and thus address vitamin A deficiency in at-risk populations in developing countries. Like any other novel crop, the performance of Carolight® must be tested in different environments to ensure that optimal yields and productivity are maintained, particularly in this case to ensure that the engineered metabolic pathway does not attract a yield penalty. Here we compared the performance of Carolight® with its near isogenic white corn inbred parental line under greenhouse and field conditions, and monitored the stability of the introduced trait...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921254/the-impact-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-neurodegeneration-tnf-%C3%AE-concentration-in-hypothalamus-and-csf-to-plasma-ratio-of-insulin-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#9
Ghazaleh Nameni, Ghazaleh Hajiluian, Parviz Shahabi, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Mehran Mesgari-Abbasi, Mohammad-Reza Hemmati, Seyed Mahdi Vatandoust
There is growing evidence that obesity can lead to neurodegeneration induced by pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α). Moreover, obesity is associated with reduced transport of insulin through the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Insulin deficiency in the brain especially in the hypothalamus region has neurodegenerative and obesity-promoting effects. Because of the anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects of vitamin D, in the current experimental study, we aimed to investigate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on neurodegeneration, TNF-α concentration in the hypothalamus, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to serum ratio of insulin in high-fat-diet-induced obese rats...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921091/the-relationship-between-serum-vitamin-d-level-and-premenstrual-syndrome-in-iranian-women
#10
Samira Rajaei, Azadeh Akbari Sene, Sara Norouzi, Yasrin Berangi, Sahereh Arabian, Parvaneh Lak, Ali Dabbagh
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is among the most unfavorable problems in women in reproductive age; however its pathophysiology is still not fully confirmed. Vitamin D as an immunomodulator could prevent inflammatory state before and during menstruation. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate whether there is any relationship between serum vitamin D levels and PMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 82 women participate in this case-control study which was conducted in Shahid Akbar-abadi hospital from November 2013 to March 2015...
October 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921058/celiac-crisis-associated-with-herpes-simplex-virus-esophagitis
#11
Alan Chen, Christopher M Linz, Julie L Tsay, Ming Jin, Samer S El-Dika
Celiac crisis is a rare presentation of celiac disease that is characterized by life-threatening electrolyte abnormalities, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, and diarrhea. Triggers for celiac crisis include major surgeries, pancreatitis, and infections of cytomegalovirus, and salmonella. A 24-year-old woman presented with celiac crisis associated with severe herpes simplex virus (HSV) esophagitis. This case demonstrates that nutritional deficiencies seen in celiac disease can result in a relative immunodeficiency, which may lead to other infectious complications...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920816/concomitant-extraspinal-hyperostosis-and-osteoporosis-in-a-patient-with-congenital-ichthyosis
#12
Niloufar Torkamani, Pramit Phal, Ravi Savarirayan, Peter Simm, George Varigos, John Wark
Ichthyosiform dermatosis is a term referred to a group of disorders that have as their basis a disorder of keratinization (1). These conditions which are present at birth result in a generalized dry, scaly skin without any inflammation. There are several types of ichthyosis based on their clinical presentation and mode of inheritance. The most common types are: ichthyosis vulgaris, X-linked recessive ichthyosis, epidermolytic hyperkeratosis (bullous), lamellar ichthyosis and non-bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma...
May 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920626/evaluation-of-serum-vitamin-d-levels-in-adolescents-with-pubertal-gynecomastia
#13
Melis Pehlivantürk Kızılkan, Sinem Akgül, Filiz Akbıyık, Orhan Derman, Nuray Kanbur
BACKGROUND: Since vitamin D has an inhibitory function on ductal morphogenesis of the pubertal mammary gland, it may have a role in the development of gynecomastia. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin D deficiency on the development of pubertal gynecomastia. METHODS: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25D) levels in 50 adolescents with pubertal gynecomastia and 54 healthy controls between the ages of 11 and 17 years were compared. RESULTS: Mean 25D level was 14...
October 2016: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920342/experimentally-induced-preterm-birth-in-sheep-following-a-clinical-course-of-antenatal-betamethasone-effects-on-growth-and-long-term-survival
#14
Vivian B Nguyen, Robert De Matteo, Richard Harding, Aneta Stefanidis, Graeme R Polglase, M Jane Black
Preterm births account for approximately 10% of births worldwide, with the majority (∼80%) being moderate preterm. Our aim was to determine the effects of moderate preterm birth on survival and long-term growth of male and female offspring using an ovine model of preterm birth that was preceded by a clinically relevant dose of corticosteroids. Ewes were induced to deliver preterm or at term; those assigned to deliver preterm were administered antenatal betamethasone (11.4 mg, 2 doses, 24 hours apart). The growth (body weight and body dimensions) of offspring was monitored to adulthood (62 weeks) when the animals were humanely killed for organ collection...
December 5, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919689/seasonal-dynamics-of-human-retinol-status-in-mobile-pastoralists-in-chad
#15
Lisa Crump, Mahamat Béchir, Bongo Naré Richard Ngandolo, Doumagoum Moto Daugla, Jan Hattendorf, Jakob Zinsstag
Vitamin A deficiency is a prevalent public health problem in Africa and South-East Asia, although national population based surveys are lacking in many countries. This study investigated seasonal variation of human retinol concentrations in Chadian mobile pastoralists to identify critical time periods for interventions addressing vitamin A deficiency. The repeated cross-sectional study design used convenience sampling during three seasons to include 327 Fulani, Gorane and Arab adult mobile pastoralists in nine camps in the Lake Chad area...
December 2, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919096/should-we-screen-for-vitamin-d-deficiency-grand-rounds-discussion-from-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center
#16
Howard Libman, Alan O Malabanan, Gordon J Strewler, Eileen E Reynolds
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recently issued guidelines on screening for vitamin D deficiency. The guidelines were based on randomized trials of vitamin D deficiency screening and treatment, as well as on case-control studies nested within the Women's Health Initiative. The USPSTF concluded that current evidence is insufficient to assess the benefits and harms of screening for vitamin D deficiency in asymptomatic adults. Compared with placebo or no treatment, vitamin D was associated with decreased mortality; however, benefits were no longer seen after trials of institutionalized persons were excluded...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916927/vitamin-b12-status-among-pregnant-women-in-the-uk-and-its-association-with-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes
#17
Nithya Sukumar, Hema Venkataraman, Sean Wilson, Ilona Goljan, Selvin Selvamoni, Vinod Patel, Ponnusamy Saravanan
BACKGROUND: To evaluate vitamin B12 and folate status in pregnancy and their relationship with maternal obesity, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and offspring birthweight. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of 344 women (143 GDM, 201 no-GDM) attending a district general hospital and that had B12 and folate levels measured in the early 3rd trimester was performed. Maternal history including early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and neonatal data (birthweight, sex, and gestational age) was recorded for all subjects...
December 1, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916879/vitamin-d-and-weight-cycling-impact-on-injury-illness-and-inflammation-in-collegiate-wrestlers
#18
Jacqueline N Barcal, Joi T Thomas, Bruce W Hollis, Kathy J Austin, Brenda M Alexander, D Enette Larson-Meyer
: This study explored the link between vitamin D status and frequency of skin infections, inflammation, and injury in college wrestlers during an academic year. METHODS: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) (n = 19), plasma cytokine (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10) (n = 18) concentrations, and body weight/composition were measured and injury/illness/skin infection data were collected in fall, winter, and spring. RESULTS: In the fall, 74% of wrestlers had vitamin D concentrations <32 ng/mL which increased to 94% in winter and spring...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916823/vitamin-b12-among-vegetarians-status-assessment-and-supplementation
#19
REVIEW
Gianluca Rizzo, Antonio Simone Laganà, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Gioacchina Maria Grazia La Ferrera, Massimo Buscema, Paola Rossetti, Angela Nigro, Vincenzo Muscia, Gaetano Valenti, Fabrizio Sapia, Giuseppe Sarpietro, Micol Zigarelli, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale
Cobalamin is an essential molecule for humans. It acts as a cofactor in one-carbon transfers through methylation and molecular rearrangement. These functions take place in fatty acid, amino acid and nucleic acid metabolic pathways. The deficiency of vitamin B12 is clinically manifested in the blood and nervous system where the cobalamin plays a key role in cell replication and in fatty acid metabolism. Hypovitaminosis arises from inadequate absorption, from genetic defects that alter transport through the body, or from inadequate intake as a result of diet...
November 29, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915991/control-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-colorectal-cancer-by-synthetic-vitamin-d-receptor-ligands
#20
Ichiro Takada, Makoto Makishima
Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are associated with an increased risk of cancer, autoimmune disease, inflammation, infection, cardiovascular disease and metabolic disease, as well as bone and mineral disorders. The vitamin D receptor (VDR), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, is a receptor for the active form of vitamin D, 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3], and mediates vitamin D regulation of specific target gene expression. The secondary bile acid lithocholic acid, which is produced by intestinal bacteria, is another natural VDR ligand...
December 2, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
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