keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Photophobia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530080/-cataract-surgery-complications-in-males-treated-with-alpha-1-antagonists-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#1
REVIEW
Tamar Pedut Kloizman, Raneen Shehadeh Mashour
Intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) was first described by Chang and Campbell in 2005. The characteristics of this syndrome include: 1. Floppy iris that billows in reaction to intraocular fluid currents during standard phacoemulsification procedure; 2. Flaccid iris stroma that tends to prolapse through well-constructed surgical incisions; 3. Insufficient pupillary mydriasis despite proper pharmacologic preparation and progressive pupillary constriction during the operation. Surgical procedures with IFIS have since been noted to have an exceptionally high rate of complications, some of which can be vision threatening...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527076/the-role-of-visual-system-in-migraine
#2
Stefania Bianchi Marzoli, Alessandra Criscuoli
The visual system is involved in different ways in migraine. Visual auras are the most common form of migraine aura. It may consist of positive or negative visual symptoms and cortical spreading depression is felt to be the phenomenon that underlies it. Even in migraine without aura, vision it is not totally excluded given that one of the major criteria for the diagnosis of migraine is photophobia. In persistent visual aura, patients refer symptoms defined as visual snow and television static. In retinal migraine unilateral decreased vision or complete visual loss occurs...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526524/visual-snow-in-a-paediatric-patient
#3
E Santos-Bueso, A M Muñoz-Hernández, N Avalos-Franco, S García-Sáenz, F Sáenz-Francés, J Porta-Etessam
CASE REPORT: The case is presented of an 11 year-old girl referring to a one year history of photophobia and continuously seeing white spots in both eyes. The patient had a visual acuity of unity in both eyes, and a normal eye examination, and was referred to the Neuro-ophthalmology Unit. Once complete laboratory and imaging tests ruled out the possibility of any neurological pathology, she was diagnosed with visual snow (VS). DISCUSSION: VS is an isolated symptom, possibly part of the migraine aura, that is referred by patients reporting numerous and constant white dots moving in the visual field of BE...
May 16, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516471/topical-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-analgesia-in-traumatic-corneal-abrasions
#4
REVIEW
Abel Wakai, John G Lawrenson, Annali L Lawrenson, Yongjun Wang, Michael D Brown, Michael Quirke, Omar Ghandour, Ryan McCormick, Cathal D Walsh, Ahmed Amayem, Eddy Lang, Nick Harrison
BACKGROUND: Traumatic corneal abrasions are relatively common and there is a lack of consensus about analgesia in their management. It is therefore important to document the clinical efficacy and safety profile of topical ophthalmic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the management of traumatic corneal abrasions. OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the use of topical NSAIDs with placebo or any alternative analgesic interventions in adults with traumatic corneal abrasions (including corneal abrasions arising from foreign body removal), to reduce pain, and its effects on healing time...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515032/bilateral-painless-testicular-mass-acute-uveitis-and-annular-cutaneous-lesions-an-unusual-presentation-of-sarcoidosis-and-literature-review
#5
Enver Şimşek, Tülay Şimşek, Meliha Demiral, Funda Canaz, M Fuat Açıkalın
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease characterized by non-caseating epitheloid granulomas; whereas it usually involves the lungs and lymph nodes, genitourinary involvement is extremely rare. For this reason, no consensus regarding the diagnostic and management options for testicular sarcoidosis has been reached. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case report was to describe an unusual clinical presentation of sarcoidosis. An 8-year-old boy presented with a 6-month history of painless scrotal enlargement and a 2-month history of photophobia, blurred vision, and pain in both eyes...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503499/the-prevalence-of-osmophobia-in-migranous-and-episodic-tension-type-headaches
#6
Ahmad Chitsaz, Abbas Ghorbani, Masoumeh Dashti, Mohsen Khosravi, Mohammadreza Kianmehr
BACKGROUND: Migraines are a neurological disease, of which the most common symptom is an intense and disabling episodic headache. Many persons experience sensory hyper excitability manifested by photophobia, phonophobia and osmophobia. This study was planned to investigate the prevalence of osmophobia in migranous and episodic tension type headache (ETTH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to all patients to evaluate the eventual presence of osmophobia during a headache attack and different characteristics of osmophobia were determined...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497569/early-onset-of-efficacy-and-consistency-of-response-across-multiple-migraine-attacks-from-the-randomized-compass-study-avp-825-breath-powered-%C3%A2-exhalation-delivery-system-sumatriptan-nasal-powder-vs-oral-sumatriptan
#7
Stephen Silberstein, Paul K Winner, Peter J McAllister, Stewart J Tepper, Rashmi Halker, Ramy A Mahmoud, Joao Siffert
OBJECTIVE: To further characterize the clinical utility of AVP-825 based on additional prespecified outcomes and post hoc analyses of COMPASS, a Phase 3 comparative efficacy trial of AVP-825 vs 100 mg oral sumatriptan (NCT01667679). AVP-825 was approved in January 2016 by the US Food and Drug Administration under the name ONZETRA(®) Xsail(®) (sumatriptan nasal powder) for the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura in adults. BACKGROUND: AVP-825 is a delivery system that uses a patient's own breath to deliver low-dose sumatriptan powder to the upper posterior regions of the nasal cavity beyond the narrow nasal valve, areas lined with vascular mucosa conducive to rapid drug absorption into the systemic circulation...
May 11, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494063/efficacy-and-adverse-effects-of-atropine-in-childhood-myopia-a-meta-analysis
#8
Qianwen Gong, Miroslaw Janowski, Mi Luo, Hong Wei, Bingjie Chen, Guoyuan Yang, Longqian Liu
Importance: Some uncertainty about the clinical value and dosing of atropine for the treatment of myopia in children remains. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy vs the adverse effects of various doses of atropine in the therapy for myopia in children. Data Sources: Data were obtained from PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, from inception to April 30, 2016. The reference lists of published reviews and clinicaltrials...
May 11, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489722/bilateral-herpetic-keratitis-after-bilateral-intravitreal-bevacizumab-for-exudative-macular-degeneration
#9
Angeline M Derham, Eric Chen, Vatinee Y Bunya, Ronan E OʼMalley
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral herpetic epithelial keratitis after bilateral intravitreal bevacizumab injections for the treatment of exudative age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: A 66-year-old man with diabetes and an extensive history of bilateral anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatments for exudative age-related macular degeneration received an intravitreal bevacizumab injection in the right eye and triple therapy (bevacizumab, photodynamic therapy, and triamcinolone acetonide) in the left eye...
May 9, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478842/periodontal-disease-as-a-potential-factor-of-migraine-chronification
#10
Pablo Ameijeira, Yago Leira, Juan Blanco, Rogelio Leira
Migraine is a hereditary constitutional base disorder, which is characterized by recurrent episodes of headache pulsatile characteristics associated with photophobia/phonophobia, nausea and/or vomiting. The main complication in migraine is the chronicity of the process, now recognized as a chronic migraine. Although pathogenic mechanisms that may influence the pathophysiology of migraine and its possible chronicity are not fully understood, previous studies have shown in patients with migraine molecular alterations of systemic inflammation, neurogenic inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, innate immunity, dysfunction of matrix proteases and blood-brain barrier...
May 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477325/clinical-practice-a-proposed-standardized-ophthalmological-assessment-for-patients-with-cystinosis
#11
REVIEW
Anne-Marie Pinxten, Minh-Tri Hua, Jennifer Simpson, Katharina Hohenfellner, Elena Levtchenko, Ingele Casteels
Cystinosis is a rare autosomal recessive disease with an incidence of approximately 1 case per 100,000-200,000 live births. Over the years, gaining in-depth knowledge of the disease has led to vast improvement in patient life expectancy. However, debilitating, extra-renal manifestations such as eye disease, in particular corneal crystal deposition and its associated photophobia, still occur frequently, regardless of patient age and notwithstanding the increased implementation of systemic therapy. Ophthalmological assessment has not yet been standardized...
May 5, 2017: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461864/the-effectiveness-of-ibuprofen-and-lorazepam-combination-therapy-in-treating-the-symptoms-of-acute-migraine-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Reza Ebrahimi Rad, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Zahra Fotokian, Azadeh Ramezani
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common, episodic and debilitating disease. The migraineur not only suffers from pain, but also lives with a diminished to poor quality of life. Several medicinal therapies are used to abate the debilitating symptoms of this disease. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of Ibuprofen and Lorazepam combination therapy in treating the symptoms of acute migraine. METHODS: The present randomized clinical trial study used the pretest-posttest design with three comparison treatments, to examine 90 patients with an average of two to six attacks per month and an initial diagnosis of migraine based on the International Headache Society (HIS) criteria...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457283/artisan-iris-fixated-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-combination-with-pupilloplasty-correction-of-aphakia-with-pathologically-large-pupil-and-insufficient-capsular-support
#13
Panpan Ye, Fengying He, Junting Shi, Jian Liu, Guanlu Liang, Jing Wu, Wen Xu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the efficacy and safety of applying pupilloplasty in combination with Artisan iris-fixated intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in the treatment for aphakia with pathologically large pupil and insufficient capsular support. DESIGN: The study was a retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six aphakic eyes with pathologically large pupil and insufficient capsular support (from 26 patients) were included in the study...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442295/the-effects-of-repeated-nitroglycerin-administrations-in-rats-modeling-migraine-related-endpoints-and-chronification
#14
Hannah M Harris, Jessica M Carpenter, Jonathan R Black, Todd A Smitherman, Kenneth J Sufka
BACKGROUND: Rodent models typically use a single nitroglycerin injection to induce migraine, yet migraine in clinical populations presents as recurrent episodes. Further, these models quantify behavioral endpoints that do not align with the clinical features of episodic migraine or migraine chronification and therefore may limit translational relevance. NEW METHOD: Rats received 5 nitroglycerin (10mg/kg/2ml), propylene glycol/ethanol vehicle, or saline injections every third day over 15days...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438141/prevalence-of-toxocara-antibodies-among-patients-clinically-suspected-to-have-ocular-toxocariasis-a-retrospective-descriptive-study-in-sri-lanka
#15
Devika Iddawela, Kiruthiha Ehambaram, Pemindra Bandara
BACKGROUND: Human toxocariasis, caused by Toxocara canis, T. cati, and T. vitulorum of dogs, cats and ruminants respectively, is recognized as an important zoonotic infection worldwide. The typical clinical syndromes of toxocariasis in humans are ocular larva migrans (OLM) and visceral larva migrans (VLM). The most commonly affected sites of OLM are the peripheral retina and/or vitreous humor. In Sri Lanka, there is a dearth of information on prevalence of ocular infection in our population...
April 24, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435216/pain-perception-description-after-advanced-surface-ablation
#16
Eva M Sobas, Sebastián Videla, Amanda Vázquez, Itziar Fernández, Miguel J Maldonado, José-Carlos Pastor
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to characterize the evolution of ocular pain after advanced surface ablation (ASA) to improve strategies in postoperative pain management. METHODS: This was a multicenter, prospective, descriptive, cohort study. The inclusion criteria were healthy individuals ≥18 years old receiving bilateral alcohol-assisted surface ablation with epithelial removal. Pain intensity was evaluated with the visual analog scale (VAS) and the numeric pain rating scale before and after surgery...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426870/a-new-viscous-cysteamine-eye-drops-treatment-for-ophthalmic-cystinosis-an-open-label-randomized-comparative-phase-iii-pivotal-study
#17
Hong Liang, Antoine Labbé, Jeannie Le Mouhaër, Céline Plisson, Christophe Baudouin
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of new viscous cysteamine hydrochloride (CH) eye drops (vCH 0.55%) compared with standard CH 0.10% drops treatment. Methods: This was an open-label, phase III, randomized, two-arm multicenter trial conducted at two centers in France. Cystinosis patients ≥2 years old were randomized 1:1 to receive eye drops, four times per day for 90 days in both eyes. We compared the superiority in reducing corneal cystine crystal density as assessed by in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM)...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418539/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-syndrome-in-colombia-and-venezuela
#18
Juan B Yepez, Felipe A Murati, Michele Pettito, Carlos F Peñaranda, Jazmin de Yepez, Gladys Maestre, J Fernando Arevalo
Importance: The ocular manifestations and sequelae of Zika virus infection are not well known. Recently, the World Health Organization changed the declaration of Zika as a public health emergency and designated the viral outbreak and related microcephaly clusters as a long-term program of work. This change indicates the urgent need to evaluate and document ophthalmic manifestations in patients for timely management of this disease. In addition, confirmation whether the public health problem in Brazil extends to other regions in South America is needed...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395426/-analysis-of-the-clinical-features-of-vestibular-migraine-with-mri-changes
#19
F Qiu, D D Song, Q F Guo, Q Q Wang, Z W Wang, J G Liu, Y Y Wang, X K Qi
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of vestibular migraine with MRI changes. Methods: The clinical data of 150 patients with vestibular migraine completing MRI examination in navy general hospital from August 2008 to August 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Clinical features of 94 (62.7%) vestibular migraine patients with MRI changes were collected and analyzed according to the medical history, clinical symptoms and signs, as well as the result of auxiliary examinations. Results: The manifestations of MRI in vestibular migraine patients were mainly multiple punctate equal T(1) and long T(2) signals or high signals on FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery) in subcortical white matter...
April 11, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390644/a-19-year-old-college-student-with-headache-photophobia-and-flulike-illness
#20
Mohamed Ramez Mourad, Olivia M Siwoski, Kyle R Brownback
A 19-year-old previously healthy man presented, minimally responsive, in respiratory distress to an ED after a 2-week history of headache, photophobia, and neck stiffness. Associated symptoms included low-grade fevers, malaise, and dark urine. He had no recent travel, ill contacts, consumption of undercooked meat, new sexual contacts, or illicit drug use. The patient resided in a campus dormitory and did not consume alcohol or tobacco.
April 2017: Chest
keyword
keyword
31540
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"