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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924418/optical-coherence-tomography-findings-and-successful-repair-of-retina-detachment-in-knobloch-syndrome
#1
Nazanin Ebrahimiadib, Bobeck S Modjtahedi, Kevin Ferenchak, Thanos D Papakostas, Jason S Mantagos, Demetrios G Vavvas
A 7-year-old Afghani girl was referred to the retina clinic of Massachusetts Eye and Ear for a chronic-appearing, macula-off retinal detachment in the left eye. On examination, best-corrected visual acuity was 20/400 in the right eye and 20/800 in the left eye. She had bilateral horizontal nystagmus. Ophthalmoscopy revealed prominent choroidal vessels, chorioretinal atrophy in the macular area, attenuated retinal vasculature, and pale optic discs bilaterally. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography demonstrated atrophy of the choriocapillaris and the retinal pigment epithelium, retinal thinning, and abnormal foveal contour...
2017: Digital Journal of Ophthalmology: DJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923583/sunlight-and-ultraviolet-radiation-pertinent-retinal-implications-current-management
#2
REVIEW
Tedi Begaj, Shlomit Schaal
Unprotected and prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from sunlight, lasers, and arc welding leads to outer retinal damage. The photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium located in the posterior pole are particularly susceptible to this radiation. Classically known as solar retinopathy, this disorder frequently affects young individuals who have clear lenses and a propensity toward observing solar eclipses. Various imaging techniques aid the clinician in diagnosis, even if patients cannot recall an exposure event...
September 16, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922378/relationships-of-orientation-discrimination-threshold-and-visual-acuity-with-macular-lesions-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#3
Haojie Fu, Bin Zhang, Jianliang Tong, Harold Bedell, Hecheng Zhang, Yating Yang, Chaochao Nie, Yingdong Luo, Xiaoling Liu
PURPOSE: To measure visual acuity and metamorphopsia in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to explore their relationship with macular lesions. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 32 normal subjects (32 eyes) and 35 AMD patients (35 eyes) were recruited. They were categorized into 4 groups: normal, dry AMD, non-active wet AMD, and active wet AMD. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was measured using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study protocol...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920007/towards-treatment-of-stargardt-disease-workshop-organized-and-sponsored-by-the-foundation-fighting-blindness
#4
REVIEW
Avery E Sears, Paul S Bernstein, Artur V Cideciyan, Carel Hoyng, Peter Charbel Issa, Krzysztof Palczewski, Philip J Rosenfeld, SriniVas Sadda, Ulrich Schraermeyer, Janet R Sparrow, Ilyas Washington, Hendrik P N Scholl
Accumulation of fluorescent metabolic byproducts of the visual (retinoid) cycle is associated with photoreceptor and retinal pigment epithelial cell death in both Stargardt disease and atrophic (nonneovascular) age-related macular degeneration (AMD). As a consequence of this observation, small molecular inhibitors of enzymes in the visual cycle were recently tested in clinical trials as a strategy to protect the retina and retinal pigment epithelium in patients with atrophic AMD. To address the clinical translational needs for therapies aimed at both diseases, a workshop organized by the Foundation Fighting Blindness was hosted by the Department of Pharmacology at Case Western Reserve University on February 17, 2017, at the Tinkham Veale University Center, Cleveland, OH, USA...
September 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915835/macular-retinal-and-choroidal-thickness-in-unilateral-amblyopia-using-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#5
Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Go Takizawa, Kazuko Haruishi, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu, Kiyoshi Yaoeda
BACKGROUND: To investigate macular retinal and choroidal thickness in amblyopic eyes compared to that in fellow and normal eyes using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). METHODS: This study examined 31 patients with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia (6.9 ± 3.8 years, mean ± standard deviation), 15 patients with strabismic amblyopia without anisometropia (7.9 ± 4.2 years), and 24 age-matched controls (7.8 ± 3.3 years). Retinal and choroidal thickness was measured by 3D scans using SS-OCT...
September 15, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913923/an-ipsc-patient-specific-model-of-cfh-y402h-polymorphism-displays-characteristic-features-of-amd-and-indicates-a-beneficial-role-for-uv-light-exposure
#6
Dean Hallam, Joseph Collin, Sanja Bojic, Valeria Chichagova, Adriana Buskin, Yaobo Xu, Lucia Lafage, Elsje G Otten, George Anyfantis, Carla Mellough, Stefan Przyborski, Sameer Alharthi, Viktor Korolchuk, Andrew Lotery, Gabriele Saretzki, Martin McKibbin, Lyle Armstrong, David Steel, David Kavanagh, Majlinda Lako
Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of blindness, accounting for 8.7% of all blindness globally. Vision loss is caused ultimately by apoptosis of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and overlying photoreceptors. Treatments are evolving for the wet form of the disease, however these do not exist for the dry form. Complement factor H (CFH) polymorphism in exon 9 (Y402H) has shown a strong association with susceptibility to AMD resulting in complement activation, recruitment of phagocytes, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) damage and visual decline...
September 15, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912967/correlation-of-macular-focal-electroretinogram-with-ellipsoid-zone-extension-in-stargardt-disease
#7
Edoardo Abed, Giorgio Placidi, Luigi Calandriello, Marco Piccardi, Francesca Campagna, Matteo Bertelli, Angelo Maria Minnella, Maria Cristina Savastano, Benedetto Falsini
Stargardt disease (STGD1) is the most common cause of inherited juvenile macular degeneration. This disease is characterized by a progressive accumulation of lipofuscin in the outer retina and subsequent loss of photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cone photoreceptor function and structure in STGD1. Macular function was assessed by visual acuity measurement and focal electroretinogram (FERG) recording while spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging was performed to evaluate the integrity of photoreceptors...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905837/en-face-optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-a-case-of-alport-syndrome
#8
In Hwan Cho, Hoon Dong Kim, Sang Joon Jung, Tae Kwann Park
Alport syndrome is a rare hereditary disease that is associated with retinal abnormalities such as dot-and-fleck retinopathy and temporal macular thinning. The main pathophysiological process of Alport syndrome is loss of the collagen network in the basement membrane. However, the alterations in each retinal layer have not been fully evaluated. In the case presented here, we evaluated the retina of a patient with Alport syndrome using en face optical coherence tomography (OCT). The findings suggested that the primary alterations occur in the internal limiting membrane and the retinal pigment epithelium basement membrane which is a part of the Bruch's membrane...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902881/perioperative-factors-that-are-significantly-correlated-with-final-visual-acuity-in-eyes-after-successful-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-surgery
#9
Misato Kobayashi, Takeshi Iwase, Kentaro Yamamoto, Eimei Ra, Kenta Murotani, Hiroko Terasaki
PURPOSE: To determine the perioperative factors that are significantly correlated with the final visual acuity following reattachment of a macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) by vitrectomy. METHODS: Twenty-nine eyes of 29 patients with a successfully reattached RRD by vitrectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic images of the macular regions were used to measure the thicknesses of the retinal layers and the integrity of the microstructures of the photoreceptors at 2 weeks, 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months following the vitrectomy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902338/confluent-endpoint-subthreshold-argon-laser-for-serous-macular-detachment-in-tilted-disc-syndrome-refractory-to-anti-vegf
#10
Maria Fernanda Abalem, Pedro Carlos Carricondo, Helen Nazareth Veloso Dos Santos, Rafael Garcia, Cynthia X Qian, John Helal, Eduardo Cunha de Souza, Walter Yukihiko Takahashi
A 70-year-old woman presented with 20/200 visual acuity in the right eye. Multimodal imaging revealed tilted disc syndrome (TDS) with macular serous detachment (MSD) and pigmentary changes at the temporal margin of the optic disc. Subretinal fluid persisted after three monthly intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA) injections and threshold focal laser photocoagulation. Subsequently, confluent subthreshold argon laser was applied over the entire area of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) abnormalities, resulting in the resolution of subretinal fluid without recurrence through 3 years of follow-up...
September 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902330/centrifugal-extension-of-retinal-atrophy-in-retinal-pigment-epithelium-tears-secondary-to-age-related-macular-degeneration
#11
Vittorio Capuano, Roberta Farci, Alexandra Miere, Francesca Amoroso, Francesco Bandello, Eric H Souied, Giuseppe Querques
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the progression of retinal atrophy in patients with retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears secondary to neovascular age-related macular degeneration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective case series, patients were analyzed at two high-volume referral centers. The extension of the areas without RPE was analyzed yearly from baseline to last examination through fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging using Region Finder (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany)...
September 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902095/detection-of-treatment-naive-choroidal-neovascularization-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-by-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#12
Daniel Ahmed, Martin Stattin, Alexandra Graf, Julia Forster, Carl Glittenberg, Ilse Krebs, Siamak Ansari-Shahrezaei
PURPOSE: To compare the detection rate of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in treatment-naive neovascular age-related macular degeneration by swept source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA, Topcon's DRI Triton) working at 1,050 nm wavelength versus fluorescence angiography. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 156 eyes (107 neovascular age-related macular degeneration and 49 dry AMD) in 98 patients, previously diagnosed by multimodal imaging using fluorescein (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (Heidelberg's Spectralis) in a tertiary retina center, evaluated by SS-OCTA 4...
September 4, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900746/electrophysiological-features-and-multimodal-imaging-in-ritonavir-related-maculopathy
#13
Céline Faure, Michel Paques, Isabelle Audo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report a case of ritonavir-related retinal toxicity followed over a year. Electrophysiological features and multimodal imaging, including adaptive optics, are provided and discussed. METHODS: Electrophysiological recordings and multimodal imaging were performed and repeated over 1 year. RESULTS: Fundus examination revealed crystalline maculopathy in conjunction with pigment disruption. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography displayed thinning of the macula without cysts...
September 12, 2017: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895631/-oct-angiography-of-rpe-tears-in-exudative-amd-morpohological-analysis-of-the-choriocapillaris-and-the-rpe
#14
Matthias Gutfleisch, Kai Rothaus, Marie-Louise Farecki, Henrik Faatz, Britta Heimes-Bussmann, Frederic Gunnemann, Martin Ziegler, Ioannis Papapostolou, Albrecht Lommatzsch, Daniel Pauleikoff
Background Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears are a typical complication of vascular pigment epithelium detachment in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). During proactive intense anti-VEGF therapy, stabilisation or improvement of function may occur. With the new method of OCT angiography (OCT-A), retinal vessels and flow density can be quantified. This pilot study investigates changes in the choriocapillars (CC) in areas with increasing FAF in OCT following an RPE-tear. Methods In six eyes with an RPE-tear, prospectively initially and every three months thereafter, multimodal imaging was performed, including fundus autofluorescence (FAF) (HRA2, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Deutschland) and OCT-A (RTVue XR Avanti, SSDA-Modus, Angiovue, Optovue, Freemont, CA, USA)...
September 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892948/microperimetry-a-new-tool-for-assessing-retinal-sensitivity-in-macular-diseases
#15
Memota Laishram, Krishnagopal Srikanth, A R Rajalakshmi, Swathi Nagarajan, G Ezhumalai
INTRODUCTION: Macular disease is the leading cause of low vision in the Western world. Drusen and pigmentary irregularities are common among the rural Northern Indian population. The disease process leads to loss of central vision, metamorphopsia, macropsia or micropsia and colour vision defect. AIM: To study the retinal sensitivity changes in macular diseases using microperimetry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was an observational study, conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at a rural tertiary care hospital...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892569/serine-racemase-deficiency-attenuates-choroidal-neovascularization-and-reduces-nitric-oxide-and-vegf-levels-by-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells
#16
Haiyan Jiang, Mengjuan Wu, Yimei Liu, Liping Song, Shifeng Li, Xianwei Wang, Yun-Feng Zhang, Junxu Fang, Shengzhou Wu
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a leading cause of blindness in age-related macular degeneration. Production of VEGF and macrophage recruitment by retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) significantly contributes to the process of CNV in an experimental CNV model. Serine racemase (SR) is expressed in retinal neurons and glial cells, and its product, D-serine, is an endogenous co-agonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). Activation of the receptor results in production of nitric oxide ((.) NO), a molecule that promotes retinal and choroidal neovascularization...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891028/the-use-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-pachychoroid-spectrum-diseases-a-concurrent-comparison-with-dye-angiography
#17
Sibel Demirel, Özge Yanık, Hilal Nalcı, Figen Batıoğlu, Emin Özmert
PURPOSE: The study objective was to compare dye angiography and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in detecting choroidal neovascuarization (CNV) in patients presenting with pachychoroid features and flat irregular pigment epithelial detachment (PED). METHODS: Nineteen eyes of 17 patients, presenting with flat PED and pachychoroid features, and without age-related macular degeneration or any other degenerative change, were analyzed. Fuorescein angiography (FA)/Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and OCTA were performed during the same visit...
September 11, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885867/clinical-characteristics-of-recessive-retinal-degeneration-due-to-mutations-in-the-cdhr1-gene-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
A P Bessette, M J DeBenedictis, E I Traboulsi
BACKGROUND: The clinical phenotype of patients presenting with autosomal recessive CDHR1-related retinopathy has not been well described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of patients presenting to a single institution. Clinical data, including age, visual acuity, dilated fundus exam, fundus photos, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), optical coherence tomography, full-field electroretinograms (ERGs), and results of genetic testing, were collected...
September 8, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880276/lncrna-znf503-as1-promotes-rpe-differentiation-by-downregulating-znf503-expression
#19
Xue Chen, Chao Jiang, Bing Qin, Guohua Liu, Jiangdong Ji, Xiantao Sun, Min Xu, Sijia Ding, Meidong Zhu, Guofu Huang, Biao Yan, Chen Zhao
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have important roles in various biological processes. Our previous work has revealed that dedifferentiation of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells contributes to the pathology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Herein, we show roles of lncRNAs in RPE differentiation. We used microarray to identify lncRNA expression profiles in human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and hiPSC-derived RPE cells. A total of 217 differentially expressed lncRNAs along with the differentiation were initially identified, among which 13 lncRNAs showed a consistent fold change of over 2...
September 7, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880221/the-macular-carotenoids-lutein-and-zeaxanthin-are-related-to-increased-bone-density-in-young-healthy-adults
#20
Emily R Bovier, Billy R Hammond
Lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) status can be quantified by measuring their concentrations both in serum and, non-invasively, in retinal tissue. This has resulted in a unique ability to assess their role in a number of tissues ranging from cardiovascular to central nervous system tissue. Recent reports using animal models have suggested yet another role, a developmental increase in bone mass. To test this, we assessed L and Z status in 63 young healthy adults. LZ status was determined by measuring LZ in serum (using HPLC) and retina tissue (measuring macular pigment optical density, MPOD, using customized heterochromatic flicker photometry)...
September 7, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
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