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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330996/missed-immunization-opportunities-among-children-under-5-years-of-age-dwelling-in-karachi-city
#1
Asif Khaliq, Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Syed Abdullah Hussaini, Kiran Azam, Mehak Qamar
BACKGROUND: Immunization is the safest and effective measure for preventing and eradicating various communicable diseases. A glaring immunization gap exists between developing and industrialized countries towards immunization, because the developing countries including Pakistan are still striving to provide basic immunization to their children. The purpose of this study was to access the prevalence and factors of missing immunization among under 5-year children of Karachi.. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from June 2015 to October 2015 among different outpatient clinics of Karachi...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327846/the-role-of-science-in-the-opioid-crisis
#2
Paul A Glare, Michael K Nicholas, Fiona M Blyth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318893/cross-polarised-and-parallel-polarised-light-viewing-and-photography-for-examination-and-documentation-of-biological-materials-in-medicine-and-forensics
#3
Katharine L Hanlon
Cross-polarisation, with regard to visible light, is a process wherein two polarisers with perpendicular orientation to one another are used on the incident and reflected lights. Under cross-polarised light birefringent structures which are otherwise invisible become apparent. Cross-polarised light eliminates glare and specular highlights, allowing for an unobstructed view of subsurface pathology. Parallel-polarisation occurs when the polarisers are rotated to the same orientation. When cross- or parallel-polarisation is applied to photography, images can be generated which aid in visualisation of surface and subsurface elements...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310323/the-impact-of-mild-moderate-and-severe-visual-field-loss-in-glaucoma-on-patients-quality-of-life-measured-via-the-glaucoma-quality-of-life-15-questionnaire-a-meta-analysis
#4
Yue Wang, Sameh Alnwisi, Min Ke
BACKGROUND: We performed a meta-analysis to determine the impact of mild, moderate, and severe visual field loss on quality of life (QoL) in patients with glaucoma. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed using the PubMed, Excerpta Medica dateBASE and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases to identify relevant articles published before June 30, 2016. Patients' QoL was measured using the Glaucoma Quality of Life-15 Questionnaire (GQL-15)...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289932/vaccination-marketing-by-private-healthcare-sector-glaring-malpractices
#5
Vipin Vashistha
The editorial by Jesani and Johari in this journal raises some contentious yet relevant ethical issues pertaining to vaccination practices in India. Vaccination is one of the most important preventive measures against infectious diseases. The eradication of smallpox in the 70s and near eradication of polio are testimony to this. The Government of India (GoI) has recently added a few new vaccines in its Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP), one of the largest public health programmes across the globe. The number of vaccines delivered through this public health programme has doubled from six in 1985 to twelve in 2017...
December 21, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259902/clinical-outcomes-of-a-new-diffractive-multifocal-intraocular-lens
#6
Baha Toygar, Ozge Yabas Kiziloglu, Okan Toygar, Ali Murat Hacimustafaoglu
AIM: To evaluate clinical outcomes after implantation of a new diffractive aspheric multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) with +3.00 addition power. METHODS: This is a retrospective, consecutive case series of cataract patients who underwent bilateral implantation of the Optiflex MO/HF D012 (Moss Vision Inc. Ltd, London, UK) multifocal IOL. Patients followed for 6mo were included in the study. Data on distance, intermediate and near visual acuity, refractive error [manifest spherical equivalent (MSE)], contrast sensitivity, adverse events, subjective symptoms, spectacle independence and patient satisfaction [visual function questionnaire (VFQ)-25 questionnaire] were retrieved from electronic medical records and analyzed...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227777/towards-a-theoretically-informed-policy-against-a-rakghoul-plague-outbreak
#7
Dimitrios-Georgios Kontopoulos, Theano Kontopoulou, Hsi-Cheng Ho, Bernardo García-Carreras
A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, the Sith Lord Karness Muur engineered the rakghoul plague, a disease that transformed infected humans into near-mindless predatory rakghouls. At its peak, the disease infected millions of individuals, giving rise to armies of rakghouls on a number of planets. Whether rakghoul populations have persisted until this day is not known, making a rakghoul invasion on Earth not completely improbable. Further, a strategy for defence against an outbreak of the disease on Earth has not yet been proposed...
December 11, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217020/cataract-surgery-outcomes-and-complications-in-retinal-dystrophy-patients
#8
Emma C Davies, Roberto Pineda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate intraoperative complications, postoperative findings, and visual acuity outcomes in patients with retinal dystrophy after cataract surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at an academic tertiary referral centre. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty eyes from 18 patients with retinitis pigmentosa and other retinal dystrophies (Usher syndrome, Refsum disease, and Leber congenital amaurosis) who underwent cataract surgery were identified by searching the electronic medical record system from January 2010 to September 2015 for all patients treated by a single physician with billing codes for retinal dystrophy and cataract surgery...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196233/microbial-biopesticides-for-control-of-invertebrates-progress-from-new-zealand
#9
REVIEW
Travis R Glare, Maureen O'Callaghan
Biopesticides are needed for control of endemic and invasive pests impacting New Zealand's primary sectors including pests that are emerging as a result of climate change and farming intensification. Products developed in New Zealand are usually based on endemic strains of microorganisms, including new species/strains with novel modes of action. For example, Invade and BioShield were developed using endemic strains of the bacterium Serratia entomophila, for use in New Zealand only. To date, most of these home-grown products have either struggled for market share or have remained in small niche markets...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186076/the-role-of-anti-thymocyte-globulin-or-alemtuzumab-based-serotherapy-in-the-prophylaxis-and-management-of-graft-versus-host-disease
#10
REVIEW
Robert Ali, Jeremy Ramdial, Sandra Algaze, Amer Beitinjaneh
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant is an established treatment modality for hematologic and non-hematologic diseases. However, it is associated with acute and long-term sequelae which can translate into mortality. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a glaring obstacle, especially with the advent of reduced-intensity conditioning. Serotherapy capitalizes on antibodies which target T cells and other immune cells to mitigate this effect. This article focuses on the utility of two such agents: anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) and alemtuzumab...
November 29, 2017: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154919/patient-reported-outcomes-and-opioid-use-by-outpatient-cancer-patients
#11
Natalie Moryl, Vinnidhy Dave, Paul Glare, Ali Bokhari, Vivek T Malhotra, Amitabh Gulati, Joseph Hung, Vinay Puttanniah, Yvona Griffo, Roma Tickoo, Alison Wiesenthal, Susan D Horn, Charles E Inturrisi
The Memorial Sloan Kettering Pain Registry contains patient characteristics, treatments, and outcomes for a prospective cohort of 1,534 chronic pain cancer patients who were seen at outpatient pain service clinics. Average pain intensity (Brief Pain Inventory) was reported as mild by 24.6% of patients, moderate by 41.5%, and severe by 33.9%. The patient's report of average percent pain relief and health state (EuroQOL 5 dimensions) was inversely related to average pain intensity category, whereas measures of pain interference, number of worst pain locations, and physical and psychological distress were directly related to pain intensity category...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148548/acrylate-based-materials-for-heart-valve-scaffold-engineering
#12
Rosaria Santoro, Seshasailam Venkateswaran, Francesco Amadeo, Rong Zhang, Maura Brioschi, Anthony Callanan, Marco Agrifoglio, Cristina Banfi, Mark Bradley, Maurizio Pesce
Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most frequent cardiac valve pathology. Its standard treatment consists of surgical replacement either with mechanical (metal made) or biological (animal tissue made) valve prostheses, both of which have glaring deficiencies. In the search for novel materials to manufacture artificial valve tissue, we have conducted a high-throughput screening with subsequent up-scaling to identify non-degradable polymer substrates that promote valve interstitial cells (VICs) adherence/growth and, at the same time, prevent their evolution toward a pro-calcific phenotype...
November 17, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141385/-clinical-observation-of-visual-quality-after-the-individual-implantation-of-intraocular-lens-guided-by-corneal-q-value
#13
F F Cai, G Y Zheng, H J Wang, L Li, Y Liu
Objective: To describe the feasibility of individual IOL implantation guided by corneal Q value and observe patients postoperative visual quality under different residual spherical aberration. Methods: Prospective study. One hundred and twenty cases (171 eyes)cataract patients in our hospital were selected for the individual implantation of intraocular lens guided by corneal Q value which obtained by Oberscan before operation. Based on spherical aberration calculated by corneal Q value, choose appropriate IOL personalitily to make postoperative whole eye surface aberration +0...
November 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138533/comparison-of-visual-outcomes-after-bilateral-implantation-of-a-diffractive-trifocal-intraocular-lens-and-blended-implantation-of-an-extended-depth-of-focus-intraocular-lens-with-a-diffractive-bifocal-intraocular-lens
#14
André Lins de Medeiros, André Gustavo de Araújo Rolim, Antonio Francisco Pimenta Motta, Bruna Vieira Ventura, César Vilar, Mário Augusto Pereira Dias Chaves, Pedro Carlos Carricondo, Wilson Takashi Hida
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the visual outcomes and subjective visual quality between bilateral implantation of a diffractive trifocal intraocular lens, Alcon Acrysof IQ® PanOptix® TNFT00 (group A), and blended implantation of an extended depth of focus lens, J&J Tecnis Symfony® ZXR00 with a diffractive bifocal intraocular lens, J&J Vision Tecnis® ZMB00 (group B). Methods: This prospective, nonrandomized, consecutive, comparative study included the assessment of 40 eyes in 20 patients implanted with multifocal intraocular lens...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137026/implantation-of-artificialiris-a-customflex-irisprosthesis-in-a-trauma-patient-with-an-artisan-lens-a-case-report-and-review
#15
Farideh Doroodgar, Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Feizollah Niazi, Sana Niazi, Azad Sanginabadi
PURPOSE: To evaluate probable complications of ArtificialIris implantation with iris fixated intraocular lens. METHOD: Development of photophobia, glare, and psychological strain during face-to-face communication in a 23-year-old man with a widespread traumatic iris defect terminate to make a decision for performing implantation of an ArtificialIris (Humanoptics, Erlangen, Germany) under the remnant iris without removing the patient's existing Artisan lens. RESULTS: Without any intraoperative or postoperative complications, the patient's visual acuity increased by 1 line, the endothelial cell loss was comparable with the cell loss associated with standard cataract surgery, and the anterior-chamber depth and anterior-chamber anatomy did not change...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120714/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-assess-neuroadaptation-to-multifocal-intraocular-lenses
#16
Andreia M Rosa, Ângela C Miranda, Miguel M Patrício, Colm McAlinden, Fátima L Silva, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Joaquim N Murta
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess neuroadaptation to multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal. DESIGN: Prospective case study. METHODS: Patients with bilateral diffractive IOL implantation after cataract surgery had functional MRI at postoperative intervals of 3 weeks and 6 months. A nonintervention control group was included as proof of concept...
October 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118500/iridoplasty-of-fixed-dilated-pupil-urrets-zavalia-syndrome-after-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty
#17
Efthalia Ntora, Nikolaos Ziakas
A 38-year-old woman with advanced keratoconus initially developed Urrets-Zavalia Syndrome (UZS) in the left eye after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. During the uneventful surgery, a 7-mm-wide pupil unresponsive to light was noticed. On the first postoperative day, intraocular pressure (IOP) was elevated up to 45 mmHg with shallow anterior chamber (AC). A peripheral iridotomy in 2 o'clock position was conducted and a fixed combination of brinzolamide 1% and timolol 0.5% was administered topically. In the subsequent postoperative period, IOP was successfully reduced, but the patient reported severe photophobia, glare, and decreased vision...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096997/comparison-of-new-visual-disturbances-after-superior-versus-nasal-temporal-laser-peripheral-iridotomy-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#18
Kavitha Srinivasan, Nazlee Zebardast, Palaniswamy Krishnamurthy, Mohideen Abdul Kader, Ganesh V Raman, Sharmila Rajendrababu, Rengaraj Venkatesh, Pradeep Y Ramulu
PURPOSE: To determine whether laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) location affects postoperative dysphotopsia symptoms. DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, prospective, single-masked trial. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred fifty-nine South Indian patients 30 years of age or older diagnosed as primary angle-closure suspects (PACSs) or with primary angle closure (PAC) or primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) in both eyes. METHODS: Patients were randomized to either bilateral superior or bilateral nasal/temporal LPI...
October 30, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093961/kenya-s-mental-health-law
#19
David M Ndetei, Job Muthike, Erick S Nandoya
Kenya's Mental Health Act 1989 is now outdated. It is a signatory to international rights conventions that provide for state protection of the rights of people with mental illness, their property and their treatment. There is, however, a glaring failure to implement the existing legal provisions. A new Mental Health Bill that aims to respond comprehensively to the challenges affecting mental health services in Kenya is awaiting enactment.
November 2017: BJPsych International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076561/the-effect-of-transient-glare-on-shape-discrimination-threshold-in-myopic-adults
#20
Binbin Su, Bin Zhang, Junping Huang, Wen Xie, Zhenyu Wu, Meng Lin, Zheyi Chen, Haoran Wu, Jun Jiang, Fan Lu
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate the effect of transient glare on shape discrimination threshold (SDT) in myopic adults. METHODS: A total of 162 myopic subjects were enrolled. Of these, 121 had low to mid myopia (-1.00 D to -6.00 D) and 41 had high myopia (-6.13 D to -10.25 D). All subjects had corrected visual acuity of 6/6 or better, and only data for the right eye were included in the study. SDTs were measured with circular D4 (fourth derivative of Gaussian) radial frequency patterns with a radial frequency of four, peak spatial frequency of three cpds, and mean radius of 1...
October 27, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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