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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797301/sialotranscriptomics-of-rhipicephalus-zambeziensis-reveals-intricate-expression-profiles-of-secretory-proteins-and-suggests-tight-temporal-transcriptional-regulation-during-blood-feeding
#1
Minique Hilda de Castro, Daniel de Klerk, Ronel Pienaar, D Jasper G Rees, Ben J Mans
BACKGROUND: Ticks secrete a diverse mixture of secretory proteins into the host to evade its immune response and facilitate blood-feeding, making secretory proteins attractive targets for the production of recombinant anti-tick vaccines. The largely neglected tick species, Rhipicephalus zambeziensis, is an efficient vector of Theileria parva in southern Africa but its available sequence information is limited. Next generation sequencing has advanced sequence availability for ticks in recent years and has assisted the characterisation of secretory proteins...
August 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791201/comparative-mitogenomic-analysis-of-mirid-bugs-hemiptera-miridae-and-evaluation-of-potential-dna-barcoding-markers
#2
Juan Wang, Li Zhang, Qi-Lin Zhang, Min-Qiang Zhou, Xiao-Tong Wang, Xing-Zhuo Yang, Ming-Long Yuan
The family Miridae is one of the most species-rich families of insects. To better understand the diversity and evolution of mirids, we determined the mitogenome of Lygus pratenszs and re-sequenced the mitogenomes of four mirids (i.e., Apolygus lucorum, Adelphocoris suturalis, Ade. fasciaticollis and Ade. lineolatus). We performed a comparative analysis for 15 mitogenomic sequences representing 11 species of five genera within Miridae and evaluated the potential of these mitochondrial genes as molecular markers...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780112/transcript-analysis-at-dgat1-reveals-different-mrna-profiles-in-river-buffaloes-with-extreme-phenotypes-for-milk-fat
#3
M Gu, G Cosenza, I Nicolae, A Bota, Y Guo, L Di Stasio, A Pauciullo
Buffalo DGAT1 (diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1) was mainly investigated for the characterization of the gene itself and for the identification of the K232A polymorphism, similar to what has been accomplished in cattle, although no information has been reported so far at the mRNA level. The importance of DGAT1 for lipid metabolism led us to investigate the transcript profiles of lactating buffaloes characterized as high (9.13 ± 0.23) and low (7.94 ± 0.29) for milk fat percentage, and to explore the genetic diversity at the RNA and DNA level...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766050/unique-xci-evolution-in-tokudaia-initial-xci-of-the-neo-x-chromosome-in-tokudaia-muenninki-and-function-loss-of-xist-in-tokudaia-osimensis
#4
Hideki Zushi, Chie Murata, Shusei Mizushima, Chizuko Nishida, Asato Kuroiwa
X chromosome inactivation (XCI) is an essential mechanism to compensate gene dosage in mammals. Here, we show that XCI has evolved differently in two species of the genus Tokudaia. The Amami spiny rat, Tokudaia osimensis, has a single X chromosome in males and females (XO/XO). By contrast, the Okinawa spiny rat, Tokudaia muenninki, has XX/XY sex chromosomes like most mammals, although the X chromosome has acquired a neo-X region by fusion with an autosome. BAC clones containing the XIST gene, which produces the long non-coding RNA XIST required for XCI, were obtained by screening of T...
August 2, 2017: Chromosoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754631/the-nuclear-protein-coding-gene-ankrd23-negatively-regulates-myoblast-differentiation
#5
Xiaojing Wang, Rui Zeng, Haiyang Xu, Zaiyan Xu, Bo Zuo
Muscle fiber formation is a complex process and subject to fine regulation of a variety of protein-coding genes and non-coding RNA. In this study, we identified a nuclear protein-coding gene ANKRD23 which was highly expressed in muscle. Quantitative real-time PCR, western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression change of myoblast differentiation marker genes after knockdown and overexpression of ANKRD23. The results showed that the expression of myoblast differentiation marker genes were increased by interference and reduced by ANKRD23 overexpression, indicating that ANKRD23 played a negative role in the myoblast differentiation...
July 25, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723655/long-non-coding-rna-tug1-as-a-potential-prognostic-biomarker-in-human-cancers-a-meta-analysis
#6
Peng-Ju Ma, Qing-Kai Guan, Lei Meng, Nan Qin, Jia Zhao, Bao-Zhe Jin
LncRNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) is reportedly dysregulated in various cancers. We performed this meta-analysis to clarify the usefulness of TUG1 as a prognostic marker in malignant tumors. The PubMed, Medline, OVID, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to Jan 11, 2017. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to explore the relationship between TUG1 expression and overall survival (OS). Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated to assess the association between TUG1 expression and pathological parameters...
July 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713968/inhibition-of-proliferation-and-invasion-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-by-lncrna-aslnc02525-silencing-and-the-mechanism
#7
Zi Chen, Dongwen Xu, Tao Zhang
One of the most differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) that we identified by high throughput screening from liver cancer and para-carcinoma tissues, ASLNC02525, was highly expressed in the tissues and cell lines of liver cancer but not in adjacent tissues or normal hepatic cells. Knockdown of ASLNC02525 in hepatocellular carcinoma cells inhibited the proliferation and invasion. In the process, expression level of transcription factor twist1 (twist‑related protein 1) was reduced, but no change at transcription level was observed...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653781/differential-expression-profile-of-long-non-coding-rna-in-cardiomyocytes-autophagy-induced-by-angiotensin-ii
#8
Ying Gu, Fan Yang, Ru-Ming Xu, Yun-Yan Zhang, Yang Li, Su-Xuan Liu, Guan-Xin Zhang, Guo-Kun Wang, Li-Ping Ma
Autophagy is a ubiquitous intracellular process for cellular homeostasis maintainance by recycling damaged protein and organelles. Dysregulation of cardiomyocytes autophagic activity is implicated in various heart diseases. Recent studies had demonstrated long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) played crucial roles on modulation of autophagic activity. In this study, we first established an angiotensin II-induced autophagy model on neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Western blot assay confirmed that the expression of Beclin 1 and the conversion of soluble LC3-I to lipid bound LC3-II were significantly increased at 12h after angiotensin II stimulation, but the cardiomyocytes surface area and hypertrophic markers expression had no significant change...
June 27, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635228/-mechanism-of-long-non-coding-rna-metastasis-associated-lung-adenocarcinoma-transcript-1-induced-invasion-and-metastasis-of-esophageal-cancer-cell-ec-109
#9
Q Q Zhang, Y H Cui, Y Wang, W Z Kou, F Cao, X J Cao, Z H Miao, X H Kang
Objective: To investigate the effect and mechanism of long non-coding RNA-metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1, (LncRNA-MALAT1) on invasion and metastasis of esophageal cancer cell EC-109. Methods: EC-109 cells were transfected with lentiviral vector carrying short hairpin RNA of MALAT1( shRNA-MALAT1) or a nonspecific shRNA control (shRNA-control). The expressions of MALAT1, microRNA-200a, ZEB1 and ZEB2 were detected by qRT-PCR. The effect of shRNA-MALAT1 on invasion of EC-109 cells was determined by transwell assay...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621612/association-of-anril-gene-polymorphisms-with-prostate-cancer-and-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-an-iranian-population
#10
Mohammad Taheri, Farkhondeh Pouresmaeili, Mir Davood Omrani, Mohsen Habibi, Shaghayegh Sarrafzadeh, Rezvan Noroozi, Azadeh Rakhshan, Arezou Sayad, Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard
AIM: Prostate cancer and benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) are heterogeneous disorders with high prevalence among men. The antisense noncoding RNA in the INK4 locus codes for a long noncoding RNA whose participation in cancer has been elucidated. METHOD: We analyzed rs1333045, rs4977574, rs1333048 and rs10757278 genotypes from this locus in 125 prostate cancer patients, 125 BPH patients as well as 220 normal age-matched subjects by means of tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system PCR method...
May 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575352/dna-methylation-signatures-in-cord-blood-of-icsi-children
#11
Nady El Hajj, Larissa Haertle, Marcus Dittrich, Sarah Denk, Harald Lehnen, Thomas Hahn, Martin Schorsch, Thomas Haaf
STUDY QUESTION: Does ICSI induce specific DNA methylation changes in the resulting offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although several thousand analyzed CpG sites (throughout the genome) displayed significant between-group methylation differences, both ICSI and spontaneously conceived children varied within the normal range of methylation variation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Children conceived by ART have increased risks for medical problems at birth and to the extent of present knowledge also in later life (i...
May 31, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523007/transcriptomic-identification-of-drought-related-genes-and-ssr-markers-in-sudan-grass-based-on-rna-seq
#12
Yongqun Zhu, Xia Wang, Linkai Huang, Chaowen Lin, Xinquan Zhang, Wenzhi Xu, Jianhua Peng, Zhou Li, Haidong Yan, Fuxiang Luo, Xie Wang, Li Yao, Dandan Peng
Sudan grass (Sorghum sudanense) is an annual warm-season gramineous forage grass that is widely used as pasture, hay, and silage. However, drought stress severely impacts its yield, and there is limited information about the mechanisms of drought tolerance in Sudan grass. In this study, we used next-generation sequencing to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the Sudan grass variety Wulate No.1, and we developed simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers associated with drought stress. From 852,543,826 raw reads, nearly 816,854,366 clean reads were identified and used for analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516000/role-of-a-dual-splicing-and-amino-acid-code-in-myopia-cone-dysfunction-and-cone-dystrophy-associated-with-l-m-opsin-interchange-mutations
#13
Scott H Greenwald, James A Kuchenbecker, Jessica S Rowlan, Jay Neitz, Maureen Neitz
PURPOSE: Human long (L) and middle (M) wavelength cone opsin genes are highly variable due to intermixing. Two L/M cone opsin interchange mutants, designated LIAVA and LVAVA, are associated with clinical diagnoses, including red-green color vision deficiency, blue cone monochromacy, cone degeneration, myopia, and Bornholm Eye Disease. Because the protein and splicing codes are carried by the same nucleotides, intermixing L and M genes can cause disease by affecting protein structure and splicing...
May 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507281/high-expression-of-long-non-coding-rna-neat1-indicates-poor-prognosis-of-human-cancer
#14
Jian Fang, Fuhao Qiao, Jingjing Tu, Jinfeng Xu, Fangfang Ding, Yun Liu, Bufugdi Andreas Akuo, Jianpeng Hu, Shihe Shao
The nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) is a long non-coding RNA. Many studies have reported that NEAT1 plays critical oncogenic roles and facilitates tumorigenesis of various human cancers. High NEAT1 expression is associated with a poor prognosis in cancer patients. This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the association between NEAT1 levels and survival times of cancer patients. Overall survival (OS) was the primary endpoint. Thirteen publications with 1,496 cancer patients from 5 databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Wiley Online Library, and Medline) met the criteria for this meta-analysis...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506253/genome-wide-identification-of-lncrnas-associated-with-chlorantraniliprole-resistance-in-diamondback-moth-plutella-xylostella-l
#15
Bin Zhu, Manyu Xu, Haiyan Shi, Xiwu Gao, Pei Liang
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are now considered important regulatory factors, with a variety of biological functions in many species including insects. Some lncRNAs have the ability to show rapid responses to diverse stimuli or stress factors and are involved in responses to insecticide. However, there are no reports to date on the characterization of lncRNAs associated with chlorantraniliprole resistance in Plutella xylostella. RESULTS: Nine RNA libraries constructed from one susceptible (CHS) and two chlorantraniliprole-resistant P...
May 15, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498454/identification-of-setd2-nf1-fusion-gene-in-a-pediatric-spindle-cell-tumor-with-the-chromosomal-translocation-t-3-17-p21-q12
#16
Ioannis Panagopoulos, Ludmila Gorunova, Ingvild Lobmaier, Bodil Bjerkehagen, Sverre Heim
Spindle cell tumors are clinically heterogeneous but morphologically similar neoplasms. The term refers to the tumor cells' long and slender microscopic appearance. Distinct subgroups of spindle cell tumors are characterized by chromosomal translocations and also fusion genes. Other spindle cell tumors exist that have not yet been found to have characteristic, let alone pathognomonic, genetic or pathogenetic features. Continuous examination of spindle cell tumors is likely to reveal other subgroups that may, in the future, be seen to correspond to meaningful clinical differences and may even be therapeutically decisive...
June 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454518/transcriptome-wide-n-6-methyladenosine-methylome-profiling-of-porcine-muscle-and-adipose-tissues-reveals-a-potential-mechanism-for-transcriptional-regulation-and-differential-methylation-pattern
#17
Xuelian Tao, Jianning Chen, Yanzhi Jiang, Yingying Wei, Yan Chen, Huaming Xu, Li Zhu, Guoqing Tang, Mingzhou Li, Anan Jiang, Surong Shuai, Lin Bai, Haifeng Liu, Jideng Ma, Long Jin, Anxiang Wen, Qin Wang, Guangxiang Zhu, Meng Xie, Jiayun Wu, Tao He, Chunyu Huang, Xiang Gao, Xuewei Li
BACKGROUND: N (6) -methyladenosine (m(6)A) is the most prevalent internal form of modification in messenger RNA in higher eukaryotes and potential regulatory functions of reversible m(6)A methylation on mRNA have been revealed by mapping of m(6)A methylomes in several species. m(6)A modification in active gene regulation manifests itself as altered methylation profiles in a tissue-specific manner or in response to changing cellular or species living environment. However, up to date, there has no data on m(6)A porcine transcriptome-wide map and its potential biological roles in adipose deposition and muscle growth...
April 28, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442991/a-novel-long-non-coding-rna-durga-modulates-dendrite-density-and-expression-of-kalirin-in-zebrafish
#18
Mayuresh A Sarangdhar, Divya Chaubey, Abhishek Bhatt, Monisha Km, Manish Kumar, Shashi Ranjan, Beena Pillai
Kalirin, a key player in axonal development, nerve growth and synaptic re-modeling, is implicated in many pathological conditions like schizophrenia and autism-spectrum disorders. Alternative promoters and splicing lead to functionally distinct isoforms, but the post-transcriptional regulation of Kalirin has not been studied. Here, we report a novel non-coding RNA, which we name durga, arising from the first exon of kalirin a (kalrna) in the antisense orientation in zebrafish. The kalrna and durga transcripts are barely detectable during early development, but steadily increase by 24 hours post-fertilization (hpf) as the brain develops...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412742/association-of-the-long-non-coding-rna-malat1-with-the-polycomb-repressive-complex-pathway-in-t-and-nk-cell-lymphoma
#19
Soo Hee Kim, Se Hoon Kim, Woo Ick Yang, Soo Jeong Kim, Sun Och Yoon
Recently, various long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to have significant therapeutic or prognostic value. However, the expression of lncRNAs has not been investigated in T and NK cell lymphoma. Thus, we evaluated the biological and prognostic role of lncRNAs related to the polycomb repressive complex (PRC) and PRC markers in tissue samples and cell lines of T and NK cell lymphoma. Among the tested lncRNAs, MALAT1 was most highly expressed in clinical samples and cell lines. High expression of MALAT1 as well as BMI1 was related to poor prognosis in patients with mature T cell lymphoma...
May 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404885/significant-association-between-lncrna-h19-polymorphisms-and-cancer-susceptibility-a-meta-analysis
#20
Xue-Feng Li, Xin-Hai Yin, Jun-Wei Cai, Ming-Ju Wang, Yu-Qin Zeng, Min Li, Yu-Ming Niu, Ming Shen
Previous epidemiological research suggests polymorphisms in long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 are associated with an increased risk of cancer, but the results are inconsistent. We therefore conducted a meta-analysis to more accurately determine the association between lncRNA H19 polymorphisms and cancer risk. The PubMed, Embase, and Science Citation Index online databases were searched and 11 relevant studies involving a total of 33,209 participants were identified. Odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CIs) from these studies were used to detect associations between H19 polymorphisms and cancer risk using five genetic models...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
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