keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

liver progenitor cell

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141455/methionine-adenosyltransferases-in-cancers-mechanisms-of-dysregulation-and-implications-for-therapy
#1
Lauren Y Maldonado, Diana Arsene, José M Mato, Shelly C Lu
Methionine adenosyltransferase genes encode enzymes responsible for the biosynthesis of S-adenosylmethionine, the principal biological methyl donor and precursor of polyamines and glutathione. Mammalian cells express three genes - MAT1A, MAT2A, and MAT2B - with distinct expression and functions. MAT1A is mainly expressed in the liver and maintains the differentiated states of both hepatocytes and bile duct epithelial cells. Conversely, MAT2A and MAT2B are widely distributed in non-parenchymal cells of the liver and extrahepatic tissues...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140985/notch-signaling-and-progenitor-ductular-reaction-in-steatohepatitis
#2
Carola M Morell, Romina Fiorotto, Marica Meroni, Aileen Raizner, Barbara Torsello, Massimiliano Cadamuro, Gaia Spagnuolo, Eleanna Kaffe, Salvatore Sutti, Emanuele Albano, Mario Strazzabosco
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Persistent hepatic progenitor cells (HPC) activation resulting in ductular reaction (DR) is responsible for pathologic liver repair in cholangiopathies. Also, HPC/DR expansion correlates with fibrosis in several chronic liver diseases, including steatohepatitis. Increasing evidence indicates Notch signaling as a key regulator of HPC/DR response in biliary and more in general liver injuries. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the role of Notch during HPC/DR activation in a mouse model of steatohepatitis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138811/high-expression-of-mage-a9-contributes-to-stemness-and-malignancy-of-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Youping Wei, Yanqin Wang, Jing Gong, Lihua Rao, Zhiwei Wu, Teng Nie, Dongling Shi, Liming Zhang
MAGE-A9, a well-characterized cancer testis antigen (CTA), belongs to a member of melanoma antigen gene (MAGE) family. In human malignancies, aberrant expression of MAGE genes correlated with poor clinical prognosis, increased tumor growth, metastases, and enrichment in stem cell populations of certain cancers. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been proposed to contribute to the major malignant phenotypes of liver cancer, including recurrence, metastasis and chemoresistance. However, expression and potential role of MAGE-A9 in liver cancer stem cells (LCSCs) still remain unclear...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131159/enhancing-the-precision-of-genetic-lineage-tracing-using-dual-recombinases
#4
Lingjuan He, Yan Li, Yi Li, Wenjuan Pu, Xiuzhen Huang, Xueying Tian, Yue Wang, Hui Zhang, Qiaozhen Liu, Libo Zhang, Huan Zhao, Juan Tang, Hongbin Ji, Dongqing Cai, Zhibo Han, Zhongchao Han, Yu Nie, Shengshou Hu, Qing-Dong Wang, Ruilin Sun, Jian Fei, Fengchao Wang, Ting Chen, Yan Yan, Hefeng Huang, William T Pu, Bin Zhou
The Cre-loxP recombination system is the most widely used technology for in vivo tracing of stem or progenitor cell lineages. The precision of this genetic system largely depends on the specificity of Cre recombinase expression in targeted stem or progenitor cells. However, Cre expression in nontargeted cell types can complicate the interpretation of lineage-tracing studies and has caused controversy in many previous studies. Here we describe a new genetic lineage tracing system that incorporates the Dre-rox recombination system to enhance the precision of conventional Cre-loxP-mediated lineage tracing...
November 13, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130106/molecular-alterations-of-the-nf2-gene-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#5
Ning Zhang, Zhang Zhao, Jiang Long, Hai Li, Bei Zhang, Guangyong Chen, Xiaojin Li, Tingxia Lv, Wei Zhang, Xiaojuan Ou, Anjian Xu, Jian Huang
Neurofibromatosis type 2 with mutations in the neurofibromin 2 (NF2) gene, encoding the Merlin protein, is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by enhanced cancer predisposition, particularly tumors of the central nervous system. Recent animal studies indicate that disruption of NF2/Merlin function in oval cells, which are hepatic progenitor cells, may lead to the development of primary liver cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC); however, its role in human primary liver cancer remains unclear...
December 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117177/barrier-tissue-macrophages-functional-adaptation-to-environmental-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Allan McI Mowat, Charlotte L Scott, Calum C Bain
Macrophages are found throughout the body, where they have crucial roles in tissue development, homeostasis and remodeling, as well as being sentinels of the innate immune system that can contribute to protective immunity and inflammation. Barrier tissues, such as the intestine, lung, skin and liver, are exposed constantly to the outside world, which places special demands on resident cell populations such as macrophages. Here we review the mounting evidence that although macrophages in different barrier tissues may be derived from distinct progenitors, their highly specific properties are shaped by the local environment, which allows them to adapt precisely to the needs of their anatomical niche...
November 7, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116649/wwc-proteins-regulate-hepatic-cell-differentiation-and-tumorigenesis-via-the-hippo-signaling-pathway
#7
Anke Hermann, Dirk Oliver Wennmann, Sascha Gromnitza, Maria Edeling, Veerle Van Marck, Marius Sudol, Liliana Schaefer, Kerstin Duning, Thomas Weide, Hermann Pavenstädt, Joachim Kremerskothen
The Hippo pathway regulates cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. Upon activation, it inhibits the import of the transcriptional co-activator YAP into the nucleus, thus suppressing transcription of pro-proliferative genes. Hence, dynamic and precise control of the Hippo pathway is crucial for organ size control and the prevention of tumor formation. Hippo signaling is controlled by a growing number of upstream regulators - including WWC proteins - which trigger a serine/threonine kinase pathway...
November 8, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116012/connexin-32-and-connexin-43-are-involved-in-lineage-restriction-of-hepatic-progenitor-cells-to-hepatocytes
#8
Haiyun Pei, Chao Zhai, Huilin Li, Fang Yan, Jinhua Qin, Hongfeng Yuan, Rui Zhang, Shuyong Wang, Wencheng Zhang, Mingyang Chang, Yunfang Wang, Xuetao Pei
BACKGROUND: Bi-potential hepatic progenitor cells can give rise to both hepatocytes and cholangiocytes, which is the last phase and critical juncture in terms of sequentially hepatic lineage restriction from any kind of stem cells. If their differentiation can be controlled, it might access to functional hepatocytes to develop pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries as well as cell therapies for end-stage liver diseases. METHODS: In this study, we investigated the influence of Cx32 and Cx43 on hepatocyte differentiation of WB-F344 cells by in vitro gain and loss of function analyses...
November 7, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111100/systemic-cell-cycle-activation-is-induced-following-complex-tissue-injury-in-axolotl
#9
Kimberly Johnson, Joel Bateman, Tia DiTommaso, Alan Y Wong, Jessica L Whited
Activation of progenitor cells is crucial to promote tissue repair following injury in adult animals. In the context of successful limb regeneration following amputation, progenitor cells residing within the stump must re-enter the cell cycle to promote regrowth of the missing limb. We demonstrate that in axolotls, amputation is sufficient to induce cell-cycle activation in both the amputated limb and the intact, uninjured contralateral limb. Activated cells were found throughout all major tissue populations of the intact contralateral limb, with internal cellular populations (bone and soft tissue) the most affected...
October 27, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107739/comparative-restoration-of-acute-liver-failure-by-menstrual-blood-stem-cells-compared-with-bone-marrow-stem-cells-in-mice-model
#10
Mina Fathi-Kazerooni, Gholamreza Tavoosidana, Masoud Taghizadeh-Jahed, Sayeh Khanjani, Hananeh Golshahi, Caroline E Gargett, Haleh Edalatkhah, Somaieh Kazemnejad
BACKGROUND AIMS: The application of menstrual blood stem cells (MenSCs) in regenerative medicine is gaining increasing attention. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic potential of MenSCs compared with bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs) in an animal model of CCl4-induced acute hepatic failure. METHODS: Injured Balb/C mice were divided into multiple groups and received MenSCs, BMSCs or hepatocyte progenitor-like (HPL) cells derived from these cells...
October 26, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105389/determination-of-the-properties-of-rat-brain-thermostable-protein-complex-which-inhibit-cell-proliferation
#11
Diana Dzidziguri, Irina Modebadze, Ekaterine Bakuradze, Giorgi Mosidze, Manana Berulava
OBJECTIVES: Cell proliferation is known to be controlled by many networks of regulatory proteins. These multiple and complicated mechanisms of control are still being investigated. The aim of the present study is to determine the different properties of adult rat brain thermostable protein complex (TPC) which affect cell proliferation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This experimental study used brain, kidney and liver tissue from adult (150-170 g) and adolescent (7, 10, 21, 28 days) white rats, adult pigeons and mice...
January 2018: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096233/parvovirus-b19-infection-in-pregnancy-awareness-and-opportunities
#12
REVIEW
Francesca Bonvicini, Gloria Bua, Giorgio Gallinella
Parvovirus B19 (B19V) is a human pathogenic virus associated with a wide range of clinical conditions. In pregnancy, B19V poses a potential hazard to the fetus as crossing the placental barrier and infecting erythroid progenitor cells in bone marrow and liver, it blocks fetal erythropoiesis leading to profound anemia, hydrops and/or fetal death. The virus is not regarded as a teratogen, however more scientific awareness is emerging on mechanisms and consequences of intrauterine infection and possible sequelae in the neonatal development...
October 26, 2017: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095436/rna-sequencing-based-comparative-analysis-of-human-hepatic-progenitor-cells-and-their-niche-from-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-livers
#13
An Ceulemans, Stefaan Verhulst, Matthias Van Haele, Olivier Govaere, Juan-Jose Ventura, Leo A van Grunsven, Tania Roskams
Hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) are small cells with a relative large oval nucleus and a scanty cytoplasm situated in the canals of Hering that express markers of (immature) hepatocytes and cholangiocytes. HPCs are present in large numbers in alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH), one of the leading causes of chronic liver disease. To date, the mechanisms responsible for proliferation and differentiation of human HPCs are still poorly understood and the role of HPCs in ASH development is unknown. In this study, we aimed to characterise human HPCs and their interactions with other cells through comparison, on both protein and RNA level, of HPC-enriched cell populations from adult human liver tissue using different isolation methods...
November 2, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076087/functional-analysis-of-erythroid-progenitors-by-colony-forming-assays
#14
James Palis, Anne Koniski
The capacity of erythroid-lineage progenitors to form colonies of maturing red blood cells in semisolid media has provided a functional assay for these progenitors and has greatly contributed to our understanding of erythropoiesis. Studies since the 1970s have led to the development of a model of the erythron, whereby the earliest erythroid-committed progenitor, the immature burst-forming unit erythroid (BFU-E), gives rise sequentially to late-stage BFU-E and to colony-forming units erythroid (CFU-E). CFU-E give rise, in turn, to maturing erythroblast precursors that hemoglobinize...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076085/stress-erythropoiesis-model-systems
#15
Laura F Bennett, Chang Liao, Robert F Paulson
Bone marrow steady-state erythropoiesis maintains erythroid homeostasis throughout life. This process constantly generates new erythrocytes to replace the senescent erythrocytes that are removed by macrophages in the spleen. In contrast, anemic or hypoxic stress induces a physiological response designed to increase oxygen delivery to the tissues. Stress erythropoiesis is a key component of this response. It is best understood in mice where it is extramedullary occurring in the adult spleen and liver and in the fetal liver during development...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076084/dissecting-regulatory-mechanisms-using-mouse-fetal-liver-derived-erythroid-cells
#16
Skye C McIver, Kyle J Hewitt, Xin Gao, Charu Mehta, Jing Zhang, Emery H Bresnick
Multipotent hematopoietic stem cells differentiate into an ensemble of committed progenitor cells that produce the diverse blood cells essential for life. Physiological mechanisms governing hematopoiesis, and mechanistic aberrations underlying non-malignant and malignant hematologic disorders, are often very similar in mouse and man. Thus, mouse models provide powerful systems for unraveling mechanisms that control hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) function in their resident microenvironments in vivo...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076081/an-introduction-to-erythropoiesis-approaches
#17
Joyce A Lloyd
Many experimental models have been used to study erythropoiesis. Even prior to the advent of the genetic manipulation of animal models, erythropoiesis was examined in the mouse, chicken, sheep, goat, and rabbit, among other vertebrates. Erythroid cell lines derived from human blood cancers were also very useful, as they could be genetically manipulated more easily than whole animals. Genetic models in the mouse, zebrafish, and frog have provided a plethora of information advancing our understanding of erythropoiesis, and remain gold standards in the field for studies of hemoglobin switching, and experiments to study authentic blood cell development...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052842/shear-stress-upregulates-regeneration-related-immediate-early-genes-in-liver-progenitors-in-3d-ecm-like-microenvironments
#18
Kenichiro Nishii, Erik Brodin, Taylor Renshaw, Rachael Weesner, Emma Moran, Shay Soker, Jessica L Sparks
The role of fluid stresses in activating the hepatic stem/progenitor cell regenerative response is not well understood. This study hypothesized that immediate early genes (IEGs) with known links to liver regeneration will be upregulated in liver progenitor cells (LPCs) exposed to in vitro shear stresses on the order of those produced from elevated interstitial flow after partial hepatectomy. The objectives were: (1) to develop a shear flow chamber for application of fluid stress to LPCs in 3D culture; and (2) to determine the effects of fluid stress on IEG expression in LPCs...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034260/clodronate-improves-survival-of-transplanted-hoxb8-myeloid-progenitors-with-constitutively-active-gmcsfr-in-immunocompetent-mice
#19
Simon Lee, Saul Kivimäe, Francis C Szoka
New methods to produce large numbers of myeloid progenitor cells, precursors to macrophages (MΦs), by maintaining Hoxb8 transcription factor activity(1) has reinvigorated interest in MΦ cell therapies. We generated Hoxb8-dependent myeloid progenitors (HDPs) by transducing lineage-negative bone marrow cells with a constitutively expressed Hoxb8 flanked by loxP. HDPs proliferate indefinitely and differentiate into MΦ when Hoxb8 is removed by a tamoxifen-inducible Cre. We genetically modified HDPs with a constitutively active GMCSF receptor and the tamoxifen-induced transcription factor IRF8, which we have termed "HDP-on...
December 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033833/cell-based-therapies-for-tissue-fibrosis
#20
REVIEW
Rebecca Lim, Sharon D Ricardo, William Sievert
The development of tissue fibrosis in the context of a wound-healing response to injury is common to many chronic diseases. Unregulated or persistent fibrogenesis may lead to structural and functional changes in organs that increase the risk of significant morbidity and mortality. We will explore the natural history, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of fibrotic disease affecting the lungs, kidneys, and liver as dysfunction of these organs is responsible for a substantial proportion of global mortality. For many patients with end-stage disease, organ transplantation is the only effective therapy to prolong life...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
31491
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"